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Published Monlhly 
205 Broadway, N. Y , for $1 per Ye, 


Entered al the Post Office of New YoH 
N, Y . as Second-Class Mail Matter. 


Vol. XIII— No. 1 

Sjn'Cimen A [Photo-Engravtili, Submillfd for Comitttition in Our /Viae Flourishing Vla»», and One of the Thref SpecifHma Selected as the Beat from the Whole Svmher Heeeired. 
The Other Two Cula (B and O are Likeieiee S/ioipn El ewhere in Thie leeue. Ymi are Intiled to Send Your Vole at to Whieh of Theee Sixcimrnn Shall he Anarded fVnrf I)riee. 
iVhteh Second and Which Third. For IKtrtieularH of VoHng^ See Page 8. {Size of Original, 15 x W Inches.) 


Western FeDmen's Meeting, 


<onve>tiox thev 
evi-:b held. 

fed In 


Tlif third aiinmil conveutioo of the 
Wi'stcTD Pcnmeu'a Association was held 
ill the rooms of the Iowa Commercial 
College, -Davenport, Iowa, opening ou 
Wednesday, December 2fi, and lasting 
through the week. It was the most suc- 
cessful meeting in the history of the as- 
sociation, and a more enthusiastic and 
enterprising assemblage of penmen perhaps 
has never convened. The proceedings from 
beginning to close were of the most in- 
structive character, and never flagged in 
uterest. There were present about 60 
penmen, representing nearly all of the 
W t n St t Th r t ■ ii. f 11 

O H Reed D 






President, Clmndler H. Peirce. keokuk, 
Vice-Prcsidrat, C. N. C'ranrtic, Dixon, 
A. N. Palmer, 

Secretary and Tr 
Cedar Itapids, la. 

Executive Committee; W. F. Gi , 

Chairniiin, Des Moines, Iowa. ; ('. S. Clmp- 
miiu, Des 5Ioines. Iowa.; P. T. Benton, 
Iowa City. Iowa, 

'tir, Pclrrc l.cudt* 4M1'. 

Tbe convention wtw called to order by 
its president, C. 0. Cuniss, of Minneapolis, 
on Wednesday, at 2 p. m. After the read- 
ing of minutes and reports of officers, the 
exercises were opened by C. H. Peirce, of 
Keokuk, la., on "The Philosophy of 
Motion." He said all good forms must 
hav(?a preparatory motion. Perfect ideals 
alone do not make good wTitino-. The 
motion of the hand while oH the paper dur- 
ing the process of writing, constitutes the 
philosophy of movement. The proper exe- 
cution of any capital letter depends upon 
its application. A movement, however 
ijood in form, however well impressed upon 


By I. W. Pin 

Bii P. T. Benton 



0^^%^^ c- 

J. F. Cozart. 

the mind, can never be made to harmonize 
and produce unity of action without the 
application of this recognized power. The 
poetry of motion embodies grace, ease, 
style and the general pleasing oflects shown 
in skillful execution, which are due in a 
large measure to the presence of this almost 
inexplicable force. The principles which 
underlie it or compose it systematically 
accord with the highest artistic pro- 
ductions. To understand it is to secure 
the shortest, easiest and best method to 
the highest possible attainments. 

Form should, however, precede move- 
ment in learning to write. This is a neces- 
sity, from the fact that pupils attend school 
at too early an age to render instruction in 
muscular movement practicable, their first 
efforts being with slate and lead pencil. 
Mr. Peirce said if he could have pupils re- 
frain entirely from any effort at writing 
until they were of sufficient age to have 
developed muscles, judgment, and pur- 
pose, he would proceed with movement 
rather than form, developing form as a re- 
sult of disciplinal motion. 

The speaker believed that there must be 
more or less finger action combined with 
that of the forearm, for the highest order 
of writing skill. Numerous illustrations 
and movement exercises were given upon 
the blackboard with an astonishing degree 
of skill, showing that the "philosophy of 
motion " had at least developed one phe- 
nomena! master of the chirographic art. 

A spirited •discussion followed Mr. 
Peirce's remarks, his position being sus- 
tained by a large majority of the speakers. 


The evening session was ope ned by P. A. 
Westrope, of Grant, Iowa, on "Traveling 
Penman." He set forth his plan of organ- 
izing and conducting special writing 
classes for a course of twelve lessons. 
His plan was to first visit the school 
officers and secure the use of the 
most eligible public school-room, tlien 
visit the public school teachers, securing so 
far iis possible their co-operation and 
giving a free lesson to their pupils as an 
example. He then canvassed the neighbor- 
hood for pupils. He announced the first 
lesson free and collected no tuition until 
satisfaction was aasured. His course com- 
menced with simple movement exercises, 
combined first with the principles, then 
letters and words. 

This exercise was followed by a discus- 
sion in which was raised a question as to 
the relative desirability of the following 
form* for the reverse oval letters ; 

By C. JV. Cmndle. 

On a vote of the members No. 1 re- 
ceived XI, No. 2, 5; No. 3, 0, and No. 4. 
5 votes. 

A. N. Palmer, Cedar Rapids, la., fol- 
lowed upon "Muscular Movement Writ- 
ing." His exercise was accompanied with 
numerous and skillfully executed black- 
board illustrations. He would drill from 
the start upon the pure forearm move- 
ment, leaving any necessary or desired 
finger action to be developed by the pupil. 
He also advocated the placing of the arm 
at an angle to the right of the margin of 
the paper, thus enabling the hand to swing 
from the elbow in making the long strokes 
of writing rather than to make them with 
a direct forward and backward motion of 
the forearm. 

These ideas called forth a very .spirited 
discussion, Messrs. Curtiss, Crandle, Ames, 
Peirce, Chajjman aad others urging that 
the proper finger action should be ex- 
plained and taught with that of the fore- 
arm and that the forearm should be 
nearly parallel to the margin of the paper, 

working ou a movable rather than a fixed 
rest at nearly a right ungle to the margin. 
Mr. Palmer began his movement drills 
with the direct oval exercise, following 
with inverted. These he first practiced 
in concert by count by motions in the air, 
then on paper, endeavoring to attain a 
speed of 200 down strokes per minute. 
These exercises were followed by numerous 
others combining various letters. In all 
his practice he sought to lead pupils to 
the ability to properly criticise their own 
work. He did not believe in the use of 
oblique holders. In his advance practice 
he required pupils to cover a page of 
foolscap in 15 minutes. 

PamotlH Slarlii a Speed CIlaHs. 

The proceedings of the second day were 
opened by A. E. Parsons, of Wilton Junc- 

B. C. Wood, of Davenport, then gave 
an exercise upon '■ Blackboard Work." A 
large number of the members were sent as 
a class to the numerous boards surround- 
ing the hall. They practiced to time from 
music at the piano by Mr. Kinsley, upon 
the numerous exercises presented by their 
leader. The exercises consisted, first, of 
simple movements, then single letters, 
combined capital letters, words and sen- 
tences. The whole exercise was iotenselv 
interesting and called out many astonish- 
ing exhibitions of skill, notably from 
Messrs. Poirce, Wood, Pierson, Palmer, 
Duryea, Hoff, Benton, Craudle and Net- 
tleton. In accordance with a request of 
ye editor several of these exercises were 
transferred to paper and are shown by the 
accompanying cuts. We regret that many 

all the various branches belonging to a 
hool course. The necessary reci- 
tations are so numerous that, united with 
other incidental labor, a teacher's time is 
so overtaxed as to compel the devotion of 
very limited time to any one recitation or 
branch of study. Half an hour twice a 
week devoted by the whole school to 
writing is often as much as can be spared, 
and is even proportionately more than can 
be devoted to any other subject. The in- 
struction is to be given by an unprofes- 
sional teacher, most frequently without 
knowledge or experience respectiug the 
proper style of copies or methods of in- 

This, the speaker believed to be a fair 
statement of the circumstances under which 
the vast preponderance of all the children 
of this land arc forced to learn all they are 

stances of each pupil as far as practicable, 
and to those who in his judgment were 
circumstanced favorably to the acquisitioti 
and practice of the muscular movement 
teach it by separate and specific instruc- 
tion ; to all others do the best possible with 
finger movement. This is, of course, 
assuming that the teacher himself under- 
stands and can teach muscular movement, 
otherwise finger movement only i» possi- 
ble. It is an obvious fact that any prac- 
tical use of the muscular movement 
requires much more time and eflfort than 
does the finger, and much morepj-acticein 
after life to retain it; hence the finger 
movement is most certain to secure ordi- 
nary results for ordinary persons and for 
ordinary use. 

It was Mr. Ames's belief that writing 
did not receive attention commensurate 

Specimeji B [Photo-Engraved] Submitted for CompetUion in our Pi-ize Ft(mri3hing Class, aiid 07ie of the Tht-ee Specimens Select as the Best from (he MAo/e Aimib' r Ui-iuiieii. 
The Other Two Cuts lA and C) are Likeioise Shown Elseiihere in this Issue. You are Invited to Send Your Vote as to Which of These Specimoi^i Shall I..- Aira,->lril First 
Prize, Whtch Second cmd Which Third. For Particulars of Voting see Page 8. (Size of Original, 10 x 15 Inches.) 

lion, Iowa, who gave a very creditable 
lesson on teaching adult classes. Ue 
placed great stress on time as applied — 
first, to correct drill, and then to indi- 
vidual speed. In a special contest by the 
members of the association the word 
"moon" was written by a large number 
19 times in one-half minute. Five minutes' 
trial on the same word reached 165 words 
for five minutes. Counting was discussed 
at considerable length, and all agreed that 
its object was to secure uniformity, and 
that eventually the proper results would 
be produced without thought, and, rela- 
tively speaking, without sight. Incessant, 
intelligent repetition is the sure road to 
successful execution. 

Mr. Parsons illustrated upon the board 
at great length his plans of developing by 
movement exercises, speed and accuracy 
of motion. Much interest was elicited, and 
all agreed tliat his plan was meritorious. 

were written in ink too pale to admit of r 

D. T. Ames then addressed the associa- 
tion upon " Methods of Teaching Writing 
in Ungraded Public Schools." Teachers 
of writing, when speaking of methods and 
systems, very naturally speak from their 
varied standpoints. A teacher before a 
class of advanced pupils, such as attend a 
business college for the specific purpose of 
qualifying for business, could not use or 
advocate the same methods that he would 
in the first writing grade of a graded city 
school; nor could the teacher of a graded 
school advocate his plan for an ungraded 
public school. Here writing is taught to 
the masses, and under the most adverse 
circumstances. Thrown together are pupils 
of 1.H ages and every degree of talent and 
attainment, to be instructed by a single 
teacher, for a short and often single term, 

to know of writing. Many of thtse pupils 
by force of circumstances, attend school 
for only a very limited period, barely ac- 
quiring the rudiments of the first branches, 
their life pureuits calling for the most 
limited use of the pen. Under these cir- 
cumstances, what is the proper course for 
a teacher to pursue respecting the teaching 
of writing ? 

First : If the teacher is able to write a 
fairly good copy upon paper and the black" 
board he should, if time will permit, 
write copies (preferably upon movable 
slips) illustrating and analyzing the forms 
and combinations of writing at the board. 
If not able to write a good copy, copy- 
books should be used. As a rule be 
believed that only finger movement can be 
taught or acquired under such circum- 
stances. His plan would be that a teacher 
should first make himself personally ac- 
quainted with the capabilities and circum- 

with its importance from either school 
officers or teachers in our country schools. 
Next to reading it was the attiiinnient 
most necessary and useful, and should 
receive attent'on accordingly. These views 
seemed to accord with those of the asso- 

Thursday afternoon C. C. Rearick, 
Council Bluffs, addressed the a.<40ciation 
upon "Engrossing," giving many practi- 
cal hints. Messrs. Crandle, Peirce and 
Ames joined in a discussion at the close. 

C. H. Peirce followed with an interest- 
ing and practical exercise illustrating 
' ' How to Gain Speed in Figures. " Form 
stands first and must' be secured by the 
action of the fingers. Presenting the 
work in an order of simplicity as follows: 
1, 0, 6, 4, 8, 5, 3, 9, 2, 7, is only in keep- 
ing with the proper presentation of any 
subject. After form follows speed, taken 
singly. With the very best results here 

wc may follow without sight, btginningat 
a moderate rate and increasing to that with 
sight. ConibiniDg figures, two, three or 
more at a time, will follow, gaining speed 
jwsilively and giving enough practice to 
retain the highest jmints gained almost 
without eflfort. Speed in figures will give 
speed in writing. The professional's rate 
of speed in promiscuous work in 130 per 

■' Word and Sentence Writing" was the 
next Hubject, by G. E. Nettleton, Peoria, 
II!. Mr. Nettleton developed a very in- 
teresting and practical plan of instruction, 
using movement exercises graded from 
aimple to complex, practiced by his classes 
in conrert, by count or beating time. His 
classes often practiced in speed contests, 
both quality and speed being considered 
in determining the result. lie advocated 
» style nf writing above medium size, 
written with a coarse pen, without shade. 
Respecting the size of writing, the con- 
vention was not in full accord, many ad- 
vocating n size below medium, on the 
ground that the hand could move over 
short spaces with greater ease and celerity 
than over loug ones. In other respects' 
Mr. Nettleton was in fullest accord with 
the convention. 

At the close of his exercise there was a 
speed contest, in which the members 
joined as a class. The word "mine '' was 
written the gieatest nimibcr of times by 
C. H. Peirce, 130 times, and three others 
wrote It 115 times each. 


Thursday evening the exercises opened 
with song by a male quartette, composed 
of Messrs. P. T. Benton, A. N. Palmer, 
R. H. Rimdnll and A. R. Whitmore, W. J. 
Kinsley playing a piano accompaniment. 
The music was well rendered. An ad- 
dress of welcome to the association by the 
Hon. Joe R. Lane, as the representative 
of the Mayor of Davenport, was then de- 
livered, and was responded to as follows 
by C. C. Curtiss, of Minneapolis, president 
of the a^nrintion : 

The annual address af the president wa 

foi- all the lain 
diiAouis of traditu 
thu reality of hiv 
medium hy wlnri, 

leuce and despair 

It WQjs the mother of that gi-euter art wliich 
has ^vou the wings of Ught t* aJil mankiud 
prmting'und the auct-stor in a direct hue t« 
balegraphy; and Iwth of it« great descendants. 
tiistead or oetrnctinE from ifee merits or usoful- 

im or prowt^, can never cease to be S 
me uunistiT of man in the domain of mind 
spy effort to supersede the pen has i-esxUted 

servators of ci^ 

ilizing forces. 

becomes the 

lutj' of our guild 

in the premises 

The schools 

3f jjenmanshii 

and kindred arts 

.tiWest aidi 

o thecommereial 

ami fiQHiu'iiil 

■orld to-day, but 

this is '>lll^ .1 

con-esiioinl. ju 1 


work. The type- 
ti lineotbusmesa 
os.sibIv talie its 


and perpetuate 

we caII maguctisin. 


respect or rfvir 



men "—the ]iv\ 


with those wli. 

follies of your y-i 
son-y that you haM 
the supreme huum 
universe to you |. 

coldly by a shorthn 
from a machine c 
nickel ! With ym 
would be a comple 
and you would Iwy 

nothings of the i>eriod ■ 

'cial and ornamental pemuEmship a 
quarter of a centuiy ago, and mark the 

felt. In textile fabrics, in porcelain and 
earthenwan.'s, in tlu' fa.shionmg of wood, 
stone and iwM ■ ^^^ juinrin^, lithography and 

lines with the other and 

ty, which alone can plai 

where it belongs. 

After music by the quartette, brief re- 
marks were made by C. S. Chapman, of 
Pes Moines, on '-Forged Writiug," fol- 
lowed by a somewhat extended address 
by D. T. Ames, upon "Personality in 
Handwriting and the Detection of Forg- 
ery," which evoked the special compliment 
of a vote of thanks. 

Tbird Day*B ProcoedlnEM. 

At Friday morning's session C. H. 
Peirce moved that, inasmuch as this asso- 
ciation recognizes in D. T. Ames, of New 
York, "not only a leading light of the 
profes-sion, but one who has done more 
than any one else for the progress and 
elevation of his and our chosen calling," 
he be elected an honorary member of the 
association. This was unanimously cur- 

D. W. Hoff, special teacher of writing 
in the public schools of Des Moines, gave 
a novel and entertaining lesson on 
"Teaching Movement " in the lower 
grades of public schools, from the fact 
that no writing in the regular lessons is 
allowed in tirst grade and no slates used 
for any lessons whatever. 

Mr. Hoff illustrated in an easy, fluent 
and captivating manner his mode of teach- 
ing writing through the several grades of 
schools in his charge; all movement drills 
were in concert and in time according to 
music furnished by a music-box. which 
was easily regulated to measure any degree 
of time to suit the requirements of his 
classes. His first effort was to secure the 

good will imd strictest attention of his 
pupils. He always accorded them some 
kindly greeting, and exacted the strictest 
attention to aU|the details of his instruction. 
Mr. Hoff's plan was well received by the 
entire convention. In a future issue of thk 
JotTRNAL it is probable that his plan will 
be more fullv elaborated and illustrated, aa 
we l,eli*vc it dcs.rvc)^ tn be, 

.i, .1. B. Duryca 
I liiiiii " Business 

WniiM- t.. \,;v:,, I'uiMl-."' He believed 
in (ouctTt drill, but marked time either by 
concert or with a stick upon a box or 
table; he made a free use of movement 

W. F. Giessem<.n followed with an in- 
teresting and instructive exercise on "Pen 
Lettering," illustrating his method of 
making various kinds of letters with 
broad-poinled pens. 

R. S. Bonsall, Chicago, in an interest- 
ing talk explained the various methods of 
engraving steel and copper plates. He 
told how they were made by lines sunk 
into the plate, either by cutting with a 
graver or etching by acid, and could only 
be used for printing upon a copper-plate 
press. Wood and photo-engraving were 
made by cutting away the surface so as to 
bring the line into relief, and could be used 
to print upon any common printing press 
the same as type. Photo-lithography 
was the transfer of designs to the 
surface of stone. The talk was highly 
interesting. Mr- Bonsall was formerly ii 
teacher of penmanship and a very skilled 
writer, and has developed marked skill as 
an engraver of fine script plates. 

C. L. Crandle, of Dixon, 111., followed 
with an illustration of his idea of "Abbre- 
viated Writing." His ideas were ably 
presented, skillfully illustrated, and well 
received by the convention. We hope in 
the near future to present his abbreviated 
capitals and writing in The Journal. 

R. W. Fisher, Davenport, then gave an 
interesting dissertation upon "Business 
Correspondence," which was followed by 
a spirited discussion. D. W. Hoff occu- 
pied the remaining time of the session in 
the further development fff his plan of 


Friday evening's exercises opened by a 
somewhat humorous talk on ' ' Penmanship 
Literature," by W. D. Showalter of the 
Tnlc Boftle, Jacksonville, 111. Mr. Ames 
followed with a brief statement of the 
early history of penmanship ()apei-s in this 
country. The first of which he had any 
knowledge was the Writing Tencliei; pub- 
lished neariy 25 years ago' by U. W. Ells- 
worth, in New York. With this paper 
the speaker was connected. Later the 
WeKtern Penman, by J. D. Conover, at 
C'oldwater, Mich. ; the Paiman, by 
Thompson, of Cincinnati; the Penman 
Gfisft-le, by G. A. Gaskell, then at Man- 
chester, N. H., which was finally merged 
into the Home Gved, of Boston, soon dis- 
continued, when in 1877 The Penman's 
Art JotTRNAL W!is issued by A. H. Hin- 
man. then of PottsviUe, Pa. After the 
first issue its publication was assumed by 
the speaker, by \Chora it had been con- 
tinued to the present time. During the 
period of its publication the penmen's 
papers that have come and gone are well 
nigh legion. Mr. Ames gave some- 
what humorous description of the joys 
and tribulations incident to the publica- 
tion of penmen's papers. 

C. N. <'raudk- thou led a contest in 

■■ !'l " '--I 'I '^^ I uiii-, |i:i]-iicipated in by 

-M' ■ !■■■■ I' .iikI Wood. In 

Ml, HotT Ix'iiif.' called for. treated the 
audience to several astonishing perform- 
ances on a harmonica, including the imi- 
tation of a railroad train in all its varied 
sounds. The performance elicited round 
upon round of applause. After this R. 
H. Randall sang, with piano accompani- 
ment, the "Sword of Bunker Hill " and 
a humorous .^ong entitled "Father's Old 
Half Bushel," both of which were well 


Saturday morning at 9 a. m. the mem- 
bers of the convention were taken in car- 
riages by Messrs. Wood and Van Patten 
for a drive through the United Stales Arse- 
nal grounds on Rock Island. The weather 
was delightful, and the ride was greatly 
enjoyed by every member of the party. 

Rock Island is beautifully located in the 
Mississippi River. It contains something 
upward of 1000 acres, is owned by the 
United States and devoted exclusively to 

military purposes. The round trip occu- 
pied about two hours and will be remem- 
bered by all as one of the most pleasant 
incidents of the convention. After the 
return to the college rooms a short business 
session was held and the following resolu- 
tions were adopted : 

lirsotrrd. That this asfociatioa recommeud 
tti t<ii>-li.>i-- tliBt Hvv insist more fully upon the 

frci'il'xii '-I 111-' .11 III'. 1 roiii tight sleeves, cuffs, 
bi " I I I Mn)>ediments, ' --"•-- •- 

J:, ,^-.,^ , ,;, 1 h.ii liuisk' or some suitable means 
for securing rythmical time in the execution of 
tracmg an extended movement exercises in 
writing is heartily indorsed by the \Vest<^>ni 
Penmen's Association. 

Professor Peirce recommended the fol- 
lowing points for consideration at the next 
convention, and the Executive Committee 
were so instructed by unanimous vote: 

1, Hin\ ro i.iKli writing in our district 
schiiiiK 111 M'liijv til.' very b^ results. 

■.' H'iv\ t -.iiini the teachers in institutes 

tLnt tlii-\ iii;i\ I'i'it.'i represent the tirt of writ- 
ing,' to tlir tliuiisniils of pupils m our graded 
and ungraded public schools. 

3. Unshaded business capitals. 
la) " " writing. 

4. Shaded business capitals, 
(a) •* " «mting. 

The exchange of cabinet photos to be con- 
fined to membei-s only, unless by special agre i 

Remarks followed commendatory of the 
valuable normal work being done by 
Messrs. Kinsley, of Shenandoah, la., and 
Crandle, of Dixon, 111. 

The subject of teaching writing to 
pupils predisposed to use the left hand 
was discussed. A. E. Parsons believed 
that no effort should be made to in- 
duce the use of the right hand, and of- 
fered a resolution setting forth that such 
was the sentiment of the convention. The 
resolution was lost. Messrs. Peirce and 
Ames believed that all reasonable efforts 
should be made to induce the use of the 
right hand, from the fact that the very 
construction of writinL' w:is iidaptid t'a 
execution by the rijjht IkuhI; \,t ji \v;c; 
their belief that the ciniiiii-i;iiirrs ni ruch 
and every case should drtinnitu' th. n.ursi- 
to pursue, and that no prescribed rule 
could be laid down. 

■ The officers of the association for 1889 
as named above were then elected. Be- 
fore adjourning these resolutions were 
>ly adopted : 

n-ht'rr<is. Tlie third annual < 

the \\". -iiiL Ii r. iirniii's Convention is about to 

cl'i^i -t - ni iniH,istii- pleasant and pi-o6l/- 

abl.'-.- ; If I. 

Ur.-..ih.ii. That 1 III tliaiiks of the association 
be I' I,. .\[,_i-is. Wood and Van Patten 
for the cordial rweptiou and hospitable enter- 
tamment extended to the ii .... 

Resolvi-d, That this 
the cordial welcome hMidercil Ut it by'the Hon- 

( l';ivi_-nport through 

Hesolved, 'lli 

The next session will be held at Des 
Moines, la., dunng Christmas week, 1889. 


An amusing contest in writing and 
flourishing bl-ndfolded occurred on Satur- 
dav evening after the close of the conven- 
tion between C. H. Peirce, of Keokuk, and 
L W.£i^on, of Burlington. R. S. Bou- 
sall, of Chicago, and B. C. Wood, of Dav- 
enport. Mr. Peirce produced an entire set 
of capitals well nigh perfect in form, in 
alignment and all that goes to give quality 
to writing, also several specimens of plain 
writing which in ils regularity and form 
was above criticism. 

While Pierson, Bonsall and Wood dis- 
played scarcely less skill, that which 
caused the most amusement of all was the 
effort of these gentlemen and some others 
present to draw a pig while thus blind- 
folded. Their creations were fearful and 
wonderful to behold, Bonsall locating the 
eye of his animal in the shoulder, while 
the " narrative " was attached to its back, 
while Pierson 's pig was without ears and 
wore his eye in the snout. Other produc- 
tions were equally ludicrous. 

It was the general verdict of those pres- 
ent that Jlr. Wood in his third attempt 
executed a more perfect set of capitals 
blindfolded than he did with his eyes 
open. It was suggested that in future ex- 
hibitions he write entirely blindfolded. 
The boys left the hall at a late hour, and it 
was the unanimous opinion that the even- 
ing was well spent. 

What do you (fiinl- of oar prize fionri^hes} 
next tnonth tee itill give eonie beautiful eam- 
pl4!s of ornamental work. BuaiuenH letterm 
coine in, too. Of eourte ymi intend to vote. 

Across the Continent. 

of Bl:r Trcri»— Tbronslk Ibe 
l'8l|p>— Taconaa and Seattle- 
(jHd noiintaln Peak* 

A deflection of nine mik from the 
regular road on the return from the \ osem 
ite to San Francisco, and about 4'> miles 
out from the former, gave our paitv an op 
portunity to visit the celebrated Mariposa 
grove of big trees. The monumental 
size and loftiness of these dominators of 
the vegetable kiugdom are astounding 
even to pei-sons who have heard ail about 
them, and huve their proportions down 

The Mariposa is, perhaps all thiugb 
considered, tlie most imposing of all the 
seven groves of big trees known in Call 
fornia. There are 650 of these old gianti 
in the grove, several times as man^ us in 
the Calaveraa grove, which contains tht 
next largest number. Standing out by it 
self is that splendid specimen the Gnyzlv 
(liant, more than one hundred feet in cir 
cumferencethreefeetaboveth( /rouud Si\ 
other trees in this grove havt i ciicumfcr 
ence of about ninety feet at tins hti^ht from 
the ground, and one or two of the |)rn 
trate trees are said to be of onf si\th 
greater diameter than the gi(.at<st of tlios^ 
living. Several of tlie 
reach an altitude exceeding 300 feet 
the Calaveras grove ( 
trees, "The Father 
435 feet in length. 

and you 

the dimensions of these forest patriarchs 

The tree shown is the Wanona not ncarU 

opening m the tree on i 

tT_r foifh 11 

shown m the pictun 

It ^^ III 1 1 

possible to enlarge tli( _, 

1 W l\ ]|tll 1 

to admit of t\so m 

V 111 1 j 1 

through abreast Tin 

tit 1\ U.l^Ultl. 

of a gio\e containing 

such 1 numb 

tliisc \entrable pitni 

(hsof tht foit 

al thousand yefirs moie The writer 
part) that rode through the 


(|iiitpbi \ond description 

dtir iH \t ttip w 1 to the hot spimj^ oi 
_M (1% ft f Uifornia These irc located 
til lliiii^ o\er a hundred milts to the 
N )itln\( t of b-in Franciseo and attiatt 
iiiiD\ \i itois on account of their hotsul 
phur bathi said to have great medic nal 
properties We can certainlv bear witness 
totheluxuiA oftieprocess Ourretumwis 
tliioiiffh the beautiful Napa\alle) tamed 
IS iM t tlie great vine producing districts 
H ihf iiiiti Thc\alleyisindcedvineclad 

'wtli h ? iiid theie 1 great ^ 

\ nia\ f oiehards nchlj ' 

ladtntd with choice fruits 
So abundint is the vield of 
giapes that the best (]uoh 
ites bung less than one 
cent per pound at the wmt 

mills, and luiubei pile^ were everywhere 
conspicuous in and around Tacoma. 
Besides the immediate supply of logs, im- 
mense rafts arc towed down from all 
parts of the Sound 

\t T\coma v,e took a btcauier for 
Seattle which is ibout 40 miles further 
up the Sound and is a fast growing city 
of some 15 000 or 30 000 population. In 
some respects this is one of the beat 
located and most promising cities of the 
Pacific Coast It is nch in lumber, fruit 
and hops and although further north 
than Maine has a remarkably raild and 

It was with reluctance 
that on the morning of Au- 

gust 9 we turned our face 
homeward. Our first stop 
was at Sacramento, where 
we were met at the station 
by E. C. Atkinson, Presi- 

iii ihi.,iigh all 

-Jng portions of 

tutiful city and 

■ : one of the mt 

I etpiable climate, frost being jinknown. 
' The moimtain views from thi*! point are 

nf tli.-irnin.l."^l -Ul th.- rrvi.t \rrn^- the- 

-c,-- ^:,"' "^ companions, but l growing yigorously. new wood continu- 

.h!.™t°°'/1'™.^'^ IV^ "^ '^ ^'^^- «"y °>«king and bursting through the 
5 burnt out by forest fires at some re- I charred portions, and is good for perhaps 

lies iu the trough of two parallel iii(iiiiit!iiu 
ranges, the Sierra Nevadas and the Shastii 
Kange, and in full view of botli. Snow 
capped peaks are almost continually in 
sight. Among the gi-andest of these are 
Mounts Shasta, Hood and Tacoma. Of 
the latter we present a fine cut represeut- 
appeared on the middle of 
nl for several thousand feet 
trnmit in its never changing 
md ice. 
I'm lii-t stop was at Portland, a sub- 
stantial aud growing city of over 40,000 
population. It has an immense trade in 
lumber and salmon. While there the 

After a stav of three davs we left for 
Tacoma, Wash. Ter., which "is delightfully 
located nt the southern extremity of Puget 


it tie 

National Piirk. T!..^ ■ ].m i ns 

cities along the route U' i- i "■ r lU. 

Wash. Ter., from whi.). ■ i: it 

ing artist has taken ;iii lUr.-il. liiilr 
scene, and Montana's capital, Iklma, a 
great mining center, about 100 miles from 
the western end of the park. At Living- 
ston we left thr main line for a little 

ell lii 

made by singe coach W.- <hall take the 
reader through the park in our next paper, 
and show him things not to be seen elsewnere 
on the broad earth -<o fara.s known to man. 

^fiot/tfiaiib ^cpathiicnl". 

{indudiny ehorlhtml tju-h.iuiif") should hf 
gent to Mr». L. 11. Parlurd, 101 East 23rf 
utreet, New York. 

The Shorthand World. 

Whatever may be said or thought about 
ihe pint in the aintinucriJtiK miirket, there 
seems to he no "let up" in the educational 
work done to fill the possible demands for 
stenographers. Not only are shorthand 
schools beinj? multiplied on all IiaTids. and 

another thing is accomplished which no 
keen-scented teacher will ever lose sight of 
— viz. : the conveying with the words and 
phrases which the stut^ent uses to promote 
his skill vnluable lessons concerning the 
very work in which he is engaged. These 
"sugar-coated pills" harm no one, but, 
like bread cast upon the waters, are sure 
to return, and to bless. Altogether, the 
work is to be commended. 

The r-.x.-y-'/ 
the fir<i -iM' '" 
moved T..! 
BengouLcli .>c liin 

Sh,.rtf,.n,.hrh^^ tnkei 

Take, for instance, the foUowinp:. that in 
one form and another may be culled from 
almost any shorthand periodical, and 
gathered from almost any thoughtful man 
or woman who has tried to get there: 

1. Make haste slowly at the start. Call 
nothing "shorthand" that cannot be 
read promptly and easily. If an out- 
line is difficult, practice upon it until 
it can be made with automatic esact- 

2. Carry words in the mind, not only in 
their sound,, but in their meaning. If 
it be ditKcult to do this, practice upon 

ment of words without knowing their 
meaning. That is not a vocabulary — 
it is a junk shop. Make yourself ac- 
quainted with the different styles of 
speakers and writers. 

7. Get a pen that just suits you, and with 
which it is a pleasure to write, and rid 
yourself of friction, as far as possible, 
in every way. 

8. Practice. 

The English Tongue. 

Among atl the translations of --The 
English Tongue " received up to the pres 

jW' !^tv.U)\ioW)(c( mumWjvv^;. 





every iuducx'ment. reasonable and un- 
reasonable, truthful or deceptive, put forth 
to lure the would-be shorthander to the 
" only " fountain of knowledge, but books, 
and periodicals abound, " systems " are 
nmltiplied and the general tendency to a 
" boom " in stenography is kept right side 
up by all the devices that the disinterested 
"educator" can employ. So far. no- 
body is hurt by the excessive zeal, but 
everybody seems to be reaping a harvest, 
. and the " revolution " in business methods 
foretold by the first perfected type-writer 
continues to revolve. 

Among the recent new books is Longley's 
"Dictation Exercises," an unostentatious 
cheaply printed panijihl .-t of 7S pages, with 
selections and original articles carefully 
arranged for stenographic work. The 
compiler, himself a teacher of great repute 
and the author of a Pitmanic system of 
shorthand, has made use of his wide ex- 
perience in this selection, taking care not 
only to secure " the best verbal and phrase 
ology practice for all classes of work." but 
to so enlist the interest of the learner in 
what he is writing as to accomplish that 
condition of " mental grasp " which is es- 
sential to all effective reporting. And 

in the October-November number, and 
Mr. Isaac Dement, the champion speedist, 
starts the new series with a characteristic 
salutatory, and we are left with the pleas- 
ing task of welcoming the coming and 
speeding the parting guest. We do it 
with pleasure, and without an imj dot. 

The champion typewntists, Miss On- 
and Mr. McGurrin, had their innings in 
New York on Friday evening. January 11, 
at Packard's Business College. The as- 
sembly room was crowded with interested 
lookers-on, and the flashing fingere and 
monotonous click of the Remingtim 
machine made a feast for eye and ear. 
The question which a croaker in the back 
iw propounded: " What is the use of it 


I the 

say here, it was a pleasant 
appropriate tribute to skill, and 
hghtful entertainment to the aman 
of the city, who tilled the hall. It was. in 
fact, a good thing, and ought to be re- 
peated in some form. 

More About Speed. 

It is interesting to note the various sug- 
gestions made by teachers and stenograph- 
ers concerning speed and the best way 
to attain it. and especially to note that 
they are generally sensible and practicable*. 

it. Get some one to dictate sentences 
of suitable length, and practice repeat- 
ing them until you can do it readily and 

3. Use all the common sense you have, 
and if you need more, get it. Follow 
the gist of o speaker's remarks, and the 
exact expression, if you can. Above 
all, don't make a sensible speaker talk 
nonsense. If you have to supply a word, 
make it fit. 

4. Believe in yourself — not arrogantly and 
obstinately, but with a modest conti- 
dence that will not make you ridiculous 
if you should fail to do the best that is 
in you. Don't let slight failures dis- 
courage you, but rather make them 
help you. 

5. Keep cool. Let others do most of the 
flurrying and woiTying. Don't burn 
your bridges, but leave open a sale re- 
treat, though you may never need to 
use it. Keep your wits about you. 

6. Get a large vocabularj', by whatever 
best means jt may be done. Read dif- 
ferent authoi-s ; listen to different 
speakers; practice the art of composi- 
tion, in order that you may know your 
o%vn paucity. Do not get an assort- 

eut time, not one has been perfect. The 
best two are by D. .1. Cleary, of Platta- 
burg, N. Y., and Chester Ashley, Lake- 
ville, Mass. Each has made one error. 
One is iu translating Peace, pease; the other 
writes am for coiiM. Though the article 
is composed of short words, it is difficult 
to read, and to be plain should be vocal- 
ized to some extent. One grammatical 
error occurs iu the script, owing to the 
word tella being rendered tell m. The 
key is given herewith. 

One of the best things to be said of oiu- birth 
tongue is that it is void of art and speaks in 
short words. Its style is full of pith and 
point ; its terms are brief and ter^, and in 
mode of flow is to a mark which it bits each 
time. The grand test of ito force is found in 
the mass of its short, strong, curt, crisp 
words, which can say all that wise men know 
or can learn, in forms of speech and with 
sounds that go straight to the mind and heort, 

1 tella 

do when tli 
truth nee<is 
dear sake. 

3 tongue n 
ttrms. t( 
t hearts f 

r tjnbe of e 

clear heads 

I glad than a song c 

• throbs of mirth 

them gl< 

our word's fling rays of hope on the mind and 
cause gleams of truth to thrill the heart. These 
words of our birth tongue wake the soul 

? than the song of the bird 

glad throbs 

does, or the soft lute, or the shrill fife 
soul of one who has slept and dreamt of peace 
add bliss.and then wakes to hear the tones of love 
or the sounds of mli'th, which stir the blood of 
youth or age. What loads of wit do they bring 
from the good old times of firm health and fast 
friends, and true men and pm-e homes; and 
how do they sing of sti-ong faith and fair play 
in the far off Atud Lang Syne I As the hum of 
bees at mom tell us of sweet thyme and balm 
which they fetch in loads of joy and life for 
then- young and for the taste of man, so do our 
own woi-ds bring for us stores of truth to fill 
our minds and cheer us in the dark days of 
ill and wrong. Those bees cannot crowd then- 
cells with food on which to live in tbf time of 
cold and ice so sweet nu•^ rirli ii^ (in; tlio songs 
that our short won!- -.m- m mu rars when 
they are tuned to tin- lu-ii imcli ni joy and 
love and ti'uth and i-i^rhl. cnuliJ a child 
do if these small wnT.l^ \\>.tv (:liru\Mi nut ui 
use in speech, aud it Wfi'o made to ti^'U it^ wants 
in words as long as its arm ; How would a 

What could I 

not find such ! ._ _ _.. .._„_. ^_ ,_ 

with which to bush her sick babe and cheer her 

How would 
the s'mall child moans u 
nerves break as she sits in 
of the night by the sitle of 

be with her when 
pain and her own 
the lone, dull watch 
that bed of grief if 

— words such as Watts wTote and peaci 

How would she dare to trust her dear 

the awe and fear of sleep ijf she could r 

make them lisp 

faith which shine f 

do not: words said caL-u 

when the yonug close thi 

by all count are worth more tban all eai'ttis 

mines of gold: 

" Now I lay me down to sleep, 

I pray the Lord mv soul to keep : 

If I should die ere I should wake, 

I pray the Lord my soul to take." 

How could a boy play if he could not call 

and shout, and scream, too, in these hard, shrill 

words, so sharp m pitch, so like the stroke of 

his bat or the force of the ball from his gun? 

How could a girl tend or nurse her doll and 

dress it and make it live to her and her niat«s 

if she could not find a host of short words in 

which she can chat, talk aud tell tales the point 

of which no one can niissf How can a wife, as 

is meet now and then, praise her lord, or scold 

him once in a while, as we all know she ought, 

if she had not at her tongue's end a good stock 

of words small as pins and sharp as tacks, hard 

as steel and quick as bee stings, to hurl like 

darte at the man of her choice or the sou of her 

love who will not stop Lo clean the mud from 

his boots when he comes in from the street and 

his sole? What 

i brought 


brings the grime of the road o 

but the cm-t words which o_ 

with them from the woods and fields 
of the Dane aud the Dutch are fit t 

lout with who will he 

and build the fire that his wke may 

one, could make iove 
would his suit thi-iv 
sport aud jest, c 

lash the 

power and love as 
earth is of bloom, o 
words OS smooth as 
strongs steel, and a 

; of blue, or the 
mom is of light— 
1 bright as gold, as 

Address of Mr, J. F. nii-OlaJiu Before 
the Porkard School of Slenoerapliy, 


The qualifications necessary for success 
as a stenographer and type-writer operator 
are more extensive than the name of the 
art implies. An acceptable and success- 
ful amanuensis nowadays is more than a 
mere writer of shorthand and an operator 
of the type-writer. There is very Httle 
demand for stenograpliers and type-writer 
operators merely, but there is a "very large 
and ever increasing demand for youn» 
men and young women with good busi* 
ness heads who have a thorough knowl- 
edge of stenography and type-writing. It 
is. of course, understood that ability to 
spell and punctuate correctly is indispensa- 

I have been in daily contact with, this 
subject for the post eight years, both as a 
performer and as an employer of this class 
of labor. It has also been my duty and 
privilege, until recently, to furnish 
amanuenses for the leading business houses 
down town, and I therefore know some of 

the^faihngs of which business men com- 
plain ; and being a stenographer myself, I 
think I khow the reasons for these failings. 
The most common complaint against 
stenographers is that they are mere ma- 
chines— that 18 to say, they write mechan- 
ically. You drop the words into the ear 
and they come out at the ends of the 
fingers. An error on the part of the dic- 
tator is not corrected by this sort of sten- 
ographer. He simply writes sounds, aud 
if his ear be unreliable, as is often the case, 
or the annunciation of the dictator be 
indistinct, hr i-- upt t" r;tir]i ii sound that 
sounds IJkf t)i 



scribes what hv li.i^ hrard, or what he 
tliinks he has lieard, regardless 6f the 
sense, and when censured for writing non- 
sense he will say : "Well, I didn't think 
that was right, but that's what you said.'" 
Edison's phonograph will do much better 
than that. The phonograph cannot exer 
cise brain power; it cannot discriminate; 
cannot \ise judgment; possesses no intelli- 
gence, but every articulate sound recorded 

even though he write but one hundred 
words per minute, is much more valuable 
than a one hundred and fifty words per 
minute man without it. What the former 
man has got he has got, and he knows 
what it means, and when he hands in his 
letter he knows it is right; whereas the 
other man may be right and he may be 
wrong; he doesn't know which. 

By far too much attention is paid nowa- 
days to the cultivation of speed at the ex- 
pense of accuracy. Speed is a very desira- 
ble quality, but not nearly so indispensable 
as well-doing. Cultivate the habit of in- 
telligent wnting, and speed will be ac- 
quired unconsciously. If your dictator is 
going too fast, ask him to ease up. If his 
idea is not clear to you, ask an explanation. 
If you come across a difficult outline, make 
an inquiry. You will appear much less 
stupid by asking questions than by taking 
chances on making senseless errors, thus 
not only incurring the displeasure of youi' 
employer, but detaining liim, perhaps 
while you re-write a long letter or con 
tract. Shorthand outlines are so mu 

T ^ 



.y^J/t^.t^^^d.:^,^ - 

i'f^.<]^..^.,...Yx...v; .i^..:..'^..\_^..]0.. 



.i':w£?2t*?^^<5r- - 



upon its cylinder is reproduced with abso- 
lute accuracy. It has a faultless ear, and 
in this respect it beats the machine stenog- 
rapher. You possess brains ; you have 
intelligence; you are capable ot the exer- 
cise of judgment and tii.ste, and if you are 
not prepared to offer these qualities as a 
supplement to your shorthand ability there 
is no room for you in the commercial 

My experience has been that in order to 
make an intelligent transcript of anything 
written in shorthand the matter must be 
intelligently heard and intelligently writ- 
ten. The mind must be concentrated on 
the subject under discussion, so that you 
know when you^pare through writing, 
without reference to your notes, the gist 
of what has been said ; and then, when you 
come to transcribe, even if you do occa- 
sionally encounter an imdecipherable out- 
line (and the best of stenographers some- 
timesdo), your knowledge of tlie idea that 
is desired to be conveyed will enable you 
to substitute a word "that will answer the 
purpose. It is impossible and uunecessary 
to burden the mind with the exact expres- 
sions. All you need is the theme. The 
stenographer who possesses this ability, 

alike, and many t.f them, even when writ- 
ten in the proper positions, represent dif- 
ferent words, whirli, although they may 
make sense, still convey an idea tpiife the 
contrary of the dictatitv'-. intcorion. 

The 'importaacc <it im- ^mhIi- niu^t 
not be overlooked. I" ' liinnl 

schools this subject i- 1 . ,..■ i u- 

parative indifference. I i" ii > ■ 1 > imi'-^ 
for the use of pupiN, i' ii iii. n. . , - n \ 
instruction is not gi\rii .-^IsHI In t,[.. 

writing is not such an r:i--\ -m|,li-li : 

as some would have \»\\ hcli.vr 'Hn' 
machine is so simple in ronstruction a.-i lo 
be operated almost at sight, but to obtain 
the best results from it requires the outlay 
of considerable time and patience. And 
of what value is your shorthand skill with- 
out the abiUty to make a neat and speedy 
transcript on the type-writer? It is not 
your shorthand notes to which the signa- 
ture of your employer i^^ attached. The 
point from which he judicc-- you, and from 
which his correspi.nd.-nls judge him, is 
your transcript. And still there are hun- 
dreds of stenographers in New York of 
absolute accuracy in shorthand whose 
type-writer work is a disgrace to them- 
selves BDd their employers; nnd why? Be- 

cause they have never been taught how-to 
handle a machine properly. You will do 
well to take in all the instruction afforded 
you, for the coming operator must be not 
only a writer, but a machinist. Type- 
writing is rapidly increasing in popularity, 
and the public are becoming more and 
more critical in their demands for perfect 
work. Employers now know the differ- 
ence between careful and careless operat- 
ing, and that "horrid machine" is no 
longer an excuse for slovenly work. My 
remarks in regard to the comparative 
merits of speed, and accuracy in shorthand 
hold good also in type-writing. Write 
nothing faster than you can write it neatly 
aud correctly. Uemeinber that you can 
write from 10 to 20 words in the time ne- 
cessary to correct one error. 

When you come to seek employment 
don't be too hard to plense. Don't com- 
plain if asked to do work outside of your 
own line. On the other hand, seek such 
opportunities. Get a general insight into 
all the details of the business. Make 
yourself generally useful. Relieve your 
employer of as much detail as possible. 
Ascertain what part of his work is most 
irksome to him, and try to relieve him of 
it. If it is difficult, all the better. Seek 
difficulties. Take pleasnre in mastering 
them. The very fact of the work being 
difficult will give you an opportunity to 
show your ability, and make youraelf 
valuable, aud eventually indispensable. 
I cannot understand how young men pos- 
sessed of the intelligence necessary to learn 
shorthand can allow themselves to get into 
the "machine " rut. Some seem to have 
no ambition beyond that of stenography. 
Others have the ambition to do something 
better, but do not know how how to go 
about it. I can tell you one way to do it. 
Start in with the determination to do well 
everything you undertake. Hand in your 
letters to your employer so carefully, neatly 
and correctly written that there will not 
be the slightest occasion for alteration. 
This may go on for six months or a year 
before it is appreciated, but it will come 
in time. You will soon find that he signs 
your letters without reading them over. 
The next move will be to dictate all his 
letters to you, and then go home leaving 
you to sign them. ThU U tlie highest 
coinpUmeiit an pnijdoi/cr can pay Mh sten- 
ographer. By and by he will turn over 
some unimportant letters to be answered 
by yourself, giving you only some general 
directions. This is your golden oppor- 
tunity. Gradually, you will find more 
and more letters handed to you, and 
eventually you will yourself conduct 
the entire correspondence, which con- 
stantly grows until you (iud it neces- 
■^ary to employ an assistant, and will 
dictate instead of being dictated to; and 
thus you go on and on until your name 
hangs over the door. If your employer 
is what is called a ' ■ crank, " consider your- 
self lucky. Give me a crank, every time. 
Of course, there are cranks and cranks — 
some of them iutolcnible. That is not the 
kind of a crank I mean, but rather a man 
who IS exceedingly fastidious in his tastes; 
has certain set ideas about how things 
should be done, and sticks to them ; who 
is very exacting in his demands; possessed 
of a disagreeable and repulsive manner, 
which he cannot help, and which it will 
pay you to humor. Anybody cm get 
along with an easy-going man, but cronks 
arc cranky. Tlicy arc liard to tolerate — 
but it pays. Get oii tlie right side uf them 
and you are all riyht. They know they 
are hard to plesme, but when you do please 
them they will pay you more than any- 
body else rather than let you go. 

To the young ladies I may say thgi there 
is lots of room for you in business. The 
prejudice that formerly existed against the 
employment of female labor has been dis- 
pelled, and the demand for male and 
female stenographers is now about equal 

Such of you as intend to enter commer- 
cial houses must prepare yourselves for 
difficulties and annoyances at the begin- 
ning which will not be experienced by 
MiM i-i'iiiii-^ who are accustomed to the 
! . Ii "[ man's nature. You will 

iisinm yourself to the diffor- 

.11. ^ ii. I w rco iioeial and commercial 
etiquette. It will «o hard with you at 
first to be criticised and censured, but you 
must expect when you undertake man'R 
work to do it in man's way. You must 
remember that business men have no time 
for conventionalities, Be punctual; ab- 
sent only when absolutely necessary. 
During business hours do not be afraid 
of work. Do not make believe working 
when you have nothing to do. Do not 
watch the clook. Treat the other clerks 
with civility aud pobteuess, but with dig- 
nity and reserve. Thus you will retain 
your self-respect, gam the respect of your 
fellow employees and the good-will and 
appreciation of your employers. 

I'EXMA.Ns Art Jolrxal 

term and /macr. Special atimatrsfumisMd 
on application. Ao advcrtiaementM taken for 
lf*a than 93. 

Avrrasc flrrulallon l««l vcar ovV'T 

Subacription : one year 9,\ ; rtn« number 10 
centji. No fre*> aamplcn exctpt to bona fide 
agrmia wtio are ^ub»cribeni to aid them in 
taking mbacriptions. Premium list on page 

Vorkf Janaa 

The Penman^N Art Journal for 


Western Pcnraen's Meeting 2-4 

Editorial 5 

Acrow tbo Continent; A Visit to the 
Famous Mnripnsn Grove of Big Trees— 
Through the Nana Valley— Taeoma and 
Seattle— Snow-riiid Mountain Peaks. 

Shorthand Dkpartment l(-7 

The Shortlmnd World ; More About 
Spep-I ; Thf Kni-'Hsb Tontrue : Address of 
Mr. .1. F. McClnin n(?foi'e the Pnckurd 
Sehoi.l nf stcniiirmi.tiy. on "The Quali- 
ncatlfins NctcHsniy for Success as u 
ScnograplKi iiinl Tyiie-Writer Opera- 

Editoriai, Cohhrni's . 8 

Lessons in Practical Writing No. fl. 
D. T. Amex. 

Kepresentative Penmen of America 10 

C. JV. Cratidle. 

Quick Work With the Pen 10 

wants to Exchanirc Srieeimens 10 

The Penman niul his (iun 10 

DupinK Young Men 10 

Edocatio.nal NoTES-Facts; fancies 11 

Just For Fus 11 

Prize Competition— S|iccimen A 1 

Work at the Bluekbourd 2 

Prize Competition -Specimen B. 8 

Across thkCuntinknt 5 

''"'i\ in- 11 lIi 1 1,1 vviiiiona; Mount Ta- 

Shortl I ,,,',', '. a_7 

Prize i-Mi,i|.. iMi-ii ~|.. . riiirn C "...'.'.'. d 

Death of rr.ilfistir Jului B. Holmes " . 9 

The Exchange Counter D 

BniTOR'8 Scrap Book 9 

Portrait of C. N. Crandle 10 


The first fhuits of our priice competi- 
tions are presented in this issue. A large 
number of specimens were received. These 
were all submitted to Mr. A. J. Scar- 
borough, who was chosen judge by the 
votes of a majority of the contributors. 
Mr. Scarborough's work was to examine 
the specimens and select three of the be-st. 
5 quite as iguoriiut of who the design- 

ers of these 
reader of The .ToiTRNAi.. The 
has been absohitely fair in ( 
and wlio could wish for three 1 
ful spccimen.tof flourishing thi 
in this issue? 

be ; 

IS IS any 
cry detail, 
ore beauti- 

Now, it is for the subscribers of The 
JouHNAL to do the rest. We have offered 
a prize for each of these flourishes. The 
firet prize is ^10 cash; the second prize a 
copy of Ames' CostcENDiDM; the third 
prize a gross of Ames' Best Pens. It is 
for you to say for which flourishes these 
respective prizes are to be awarded. Send 
us at once on receipt of your paper your 
preference of the three specimens and 
your second choice. The one receiving 
the highest nmnber of votes will have the 
first award, the next highe-st the second, 
and the other the third. 

We wish every Joiiiinal sukscrilur 1., 
vote. I,et there be n full, free and fair 
expression of opinion In voting, indi- 
cate the specimens as they are marked— A, 
B and C respectively. All voles must be 
received by February 10 at the very latest, 
in time for announceuient of the result in 

the I 

When the 

■*iult i 

i of the 

nounce<l we shall give the 
flourishes. Not one of them can have 
occasion to be other than proud of his 
work, whatever prize it may receive. A 
good form of ballot to use is this: 
I think the prizes should be awarded as fol- 


In this connection we will give a choice 
of our regular premiums free to the tirst 
three persons (with ullowance for dis- 
tance) who shall correctly name the au- 
thor of each of the prize flourishes. This 
is, of course, a side issue, and has no con- 
nection with awardine the prizes, but we 
have a curiosity to know if there are any 
of our readers who can place these speci- 
mens by their style or by reason of any 
individuality they may possess. 

Two TEARS AGO some of our Western 
brethern conceived the notion of bringing 
together such members of the profession 
as were within convenient reach during 
Christmas week for interchange of opinion 
and discussion of topics, which would 
tend to promote their usefulness as teach- 
ers. The idea took shape at once, and 
from its inception the Western Penmen's 
Association was an assured success. Much 
good was accomplished nt the first and 
second meetings, but it was very generally 
conceded at the recent gathering at Daven- 
port, Iowa, that no such assemblage of 
penmanship teachers had been got together 
to the knowledge of any attendant. Not 
to enlarge on what we have reported with 
such detail as the importance of the event 
demanded, the reader is referred to our 
comprehensive review of the proceedings 

' of The Journal ■ 
; of the prize offerings i 

In the next 
shall present s 

other classes — business letters, ornamental 
work, &c. They include some very hand- 
some specimens. In the line of essays on 
teaching writing, &c.. we have had re- 
sponses from some of the foremost pen- 
men and teachers of this country. The 
papers will be printed as soon as possible. 
We believe that no such widespread ex- 
pressions of expert opinion on these sub- 
jects has ever been obtained before. And 
we flatter ourselves that our prize competi- 
tions have been a very conspicuous success. 

We have received a copy of the pub- 
lished proceedings of the tenth annual 
meetingof the Business Educators' Asso- 
ciation of America. It is a work of 300 
pages, and a valuable document for com- 
mercial teachers, comprising full reports 
of the work of the Schools of Accounts 
and Business Practice, Calculations, Cor- 
respondence, Civics, Penmanship, Short- 
hand and Typewriting. This is the esti- 
mate placed on the work by Mr. R. C 
Spencer in a letter to Mr. L. L. Williams, 
of Rochester: 

; been issued of equal 

I'lichers, for whom it 

Olid inspiration; and it 

Nj)n'.s.s!nii both Upon the 

shuuld ; _. _j,, _ 

placed m the hands of each membei 

■k of 
not more than 
lling the ordei-s 
rhers can better 
tliis publication 

ulty and of prominent 

The price of the work is *1 a copy 
Orders may be sent to R. C. SEcncer, 
Spencerian Business College, Milwaukee! 
Wis., or to W. E. McCord, Packard's 
Business College, 101 East Twenty-third 
street, New York. 

\ well-knomi teacher of penuiansliip some 
time since siipplein^ntf^l n Ion- li^t of sub- 

nular in the 

1 club, of : I 
, of the Ya 

. R C. 
■, Now 
i Busi- 

Practical Writin 


ved, and several large clubs which \ 

Correct Position. 

Some years since, while visiting the 
main operating room in the great building 
of the Western Union Telegraph Com- 
pany. No. 198 Broadway, from which are 
sent and received daily tens of thousands 
of dispatches by over ."iOO operators, wc 
asked the superintendent: "Were you in 
a word required to specify that which 
causes you most annoyance in the writing 
of your vast business, what would it be?" 
Almost without hesitation, he replied. 

In this one word is summed up four- 
fifths of the cause of all illegible or bad 
writing. The careless pupil learns to 
write with difficulty; the careless writer is 
the torr^ent of his readers, and what upon 
reflection issurprising is the fact that most 
of this carelessness might be niore easily 
avoided than permitted, since it is a fact 
that the hand habituated to good and 
orderly forms repeats them more rapidly 
than it possibly can produce chance or 
disorderly ones. 

Teachers and learners, stick a peg here, 
and if you doubt, try it. It is the formsthat 
are df)ubtful in their character thiit hinder 
and annoy the reader, most of which with 
the least care might be made unmistak- 
able in their identity. As an instance, a 
form like the following 

has no identity apart from the context; 
it imiy reasonably be taken for either an 

"^^iy ^t^ yC^er' 

and when extended to 

the forms are still more doubtful, 11s it 
ma.v equally well staud for any one of 
these seven combinations; 



Thus the importance of always employ- 
ing the proper curved line as a connection 
between parts of letters as well as 
between, letters will be very obvious. If 
the hand hjis been properly trained so 
that every motion comes from a correct 
and fixed habit, the correct forms are more 
rapid than the incorrect ones, because 
hesitatiftg motions to 

) false I 

the hand 

From the foregoing hints and illustra- 
tions from hundreds of equal im))nrtance 
which We might give, the learner will see 
how very essential it is to stand sharply 
en guard against such carelessness. See to 
it that now while the hahit is being 
molded you establish therein forms and 
combinations that are not vague and un- 
certain in their character. 

The following copies may be practiced 
for a lesson : 


/S Ufy Uui'U''9n^7na^ 


—The Los Angeles, Cal., Business College, 
whieh includes those brilliant young penmen. 
D. B. Willianis and A. D. Taylor, among it.s 
teachers, has been compelled to seek lai'ger 
quarters to aecommodalc its rapid growth. 

—The Amsterdam, N. Y.. Business College, 
has both day and night sessions, and reports 
encouraging progress. 

— O. J. WjUis, of WilUs' Business College. 
Oakland, Cal., challenges the world for a place 
that has so many natm-al advantages. Those 
who have been there don't wonder at the chal- 

-^Giessenian, the accompUshed penman of 
the Capital City Commercial College, Des 
Moines, Iowa, has even got to writing Vola- 
piik. He has a specimen in the Vommerciat 
Educator, issued from the college. 

—Hon. E. C. Atkinson will next month cele- 
brate the sixteenth anniversary of liis busineai 
college at Sacramento. Col., which is one of 
the foremost commercial training schools on 
the Pacific slope. 

—The "Year Book" of the Yale Business 
College, New Haven, Conn., is so beautifully 
printed and richly illustrated, and of such aci- 
mirable arrangement, that it is impossible to 
escape the conclusion thai Mi. -liM.-t l..liiiid it 
is one of the ma'rtiprospi-inM-. ,,( n-, kmn R, c 
Loveridge is the entfipri-in- I'l > -i-l .iii 

— You may leom all a1 1 iljr .i.l\ ,iiita^:«i 

of a course of study m ih^' AIIi^hImm n, }'n,, 

Business College, by sending to Me'si-s. Wack- 

1 & Domey, the proprietoi-s, for a copy of 

manship qii.i 
temity whirl 

— W, Y. Bohtho, of Dover. N. J., won the 
gold medal for best examination at the recent ' 
exercises of the New Jersey Business College, 
Newark. The silver medal fell to John B. 
Allen, of Newark. Principal Miller and his 
the recipients of valuable pres- 

workiugb to the Packard be 
November 23. (-Jeueral U'age 
to them about the Uniteil Sbue 

rd Clinton. 

I SriPctTv 
lict.ated to 

of " Home Swe 

Hon,, ,-, ,,,t,.i 1.^ |.; L. Wijey, teacher of 
pemiiiiii^liH. .i. ,i,> I'liLln-schoolsof Painesville. 
Ohi... is liiiihJy plui^,ed by the Telegraph of 
that city. 
—Our good friend C. E. McKee, of the College 

of Co""noi-<.o, Ruirol^ V V :.j ?_ 

emony occurred at the 



On page 3 are presented a large number 
if movement exercises which we commend 
o all learners for practice, also the ex- 
reises given with last lesson. 

"f the Ronthwestern 

E. M/Bm-(ieV'Vias'Vv" 'nvLils'\MfiVl^t-' )''■'' ""''' 
—Mrs. Sarah E. , wife of E. K. Childs. of the 
Northampton, Mass,, Bu.'dness College, died on 
November 2S. She was only 37 years old. 
and leaves a little boy to share her liereave<i- 
husband's grief. 

.. .: Childs wasa lovely \,^ 

man oocn m face and character. She waj> 
formerly a pupil of Child's Business College 

1 both 

; marriwl three 
years ago. 

— Conrocxl & Smith have a large Ktteodauce 
at their busineas college. Atohison, Kan. 

—Mr. E. J. Kneitl. the ivelMni-mi i>eiimaii 
and commercial tt'a'li' i -r ">ir iif il Out,, 
and Miss Annie Dixiin "i < i ■ ' i unlit'in, 
Ontario's, fair danglii' i - i iinitt-d 

in marriage TheJih u wvIics. 

— Tlie Big Rapi<ls. Mich.. Industrial School 
is well patronized by the people of that section. 
W. N. Ferris, the principal, is to be cougratu- 

— I. W. Piei"son, the veteran penman, Inte of 
Burlington, Iowa, has accepted a position as 
teacher of penmanship at H. B. Bryant's Busi- 

land.Ohio. He also t^achts ]X'uinmLship and 

ton Business College w 
Tuesday. December 11. Rev. Dr. Lyman 
Abbott, pastor of Plymouth Church, told the 
students and their frfends " How to Succeed." 
Handsomely engraved invitations were issued 

l>y Principal Rider. 

less College, Chicago. 

pendiuni oontinues to be the standard on en- 
growing, lettei-iiig, ornamental work. &c. . and 
IS also indisix-nsablc lliese two works make 
complete [.eiunan's encyclopedia and library. 

The price of thi 

We have st ' 


We have solil n 

of »lo. P 

him great sati^ 

lurtbernotioe offer the two CompentUuins for 
only ti\ Uou't delay your orders. 


—A handsome iUuminated c 


p very yretty visiting canis 

. E. Dewhurst. 

and ornainentalspecimei. 
Utica, N. Y. We are informed that Mr. Dewl 
hurst IS malting a great success in his specialty 
of ornamental wont. 

—From A. H Barbour, Tabor, Iowa, comwa 
very neat double bird flourish and Borne excel- 
lentlj- wTitt^n cards. Barlxiur has l)e©n t#iach- 
ing pcmnanship in the public schools of Tabor. 

—A creditable si)^'cimcn of onianu-ntal l«tt«i-- 
ing with cards tliiit sh-Mv n vc-ry fair dcgi-ee of 
skdl come from .T II l(.ulit.-Ml,^v. Prince- 

t-<>n. Iriil. \\ ii i;. ,1,..,, i i Tandle's 

l'J_'!'^^';- "' I " II '■■ !■■(■ a i)en 

of The Journal "^in connection with 'our 
writing lesson, sends a numlwr of caifis and 

irtien C {Phufo-Engraved) Submitted for Competition i 
The Other two Cuts [A and JJ) are Likeivisc Shou 
Prize, which Second and which Third. For Particui 

Our Pinze Flourishing Class, and One of the Three Speciinens SeUctnd an Hie Best from the Whole .Vmnher Rereiw, 
Elsewhere in this Issue. You are Invited to Send Ymir Vote as to which of these Spevimetui shall he Awarded Fir 
rs of Voting, See Preceding Page. {Size of Original, 15 a: 30 Inches.) 

-^Tlie Lamson Business College and the 

active intellect highly cultured by diligent 
applicatmu. He was a graduate of Wil- 

— .\t the bride's home in Indianapolis, on 
('hnstnias-duy. Prof. G. W. Dix. tie well- 
s married 

One of his specialties is teaching people how I 
"""'" *^"' ~ " ' suggesting 

f urn is hi" 

Eenman in the world docs so much of this 
lud of work as Pai-soiis. 

—Isaac Richardson, a commercial teacher of 
many years' experience, is conducting a short- 
hand school at No. 106 Euclid avenue, Cleve, 

extend oi 

t prufuuud 'Sympathy and < 

complete work 
bi'ought from a press, 
range of the art. and i 
price of 17.50. A pen artiBt, present 

the whole 
cheap at the selling 

Progressive Age, Kansas City, Mo., very at- 
tractive without, as it is instructive within. 

—The editors of the Elevator, published at 
Clark's University, Atlanta, Ga., diseussi the 
problem of race e<)uality in a recent issue witli 

-Alack ■ Th. i:.. i,/ /ir,;>'.i h,,. ),,.,,..,.,i 

But W- haT. tl„. /,'/"''/'../'/', '.i'!'!l' '/''!I''m,.',| 

safety vah u. Ihv paiivi is iiiU;ii.-^uii^ ;ui.i 
worthy to live. H bus moved to Chicago. 

— Some BusinesH Points with profuse pic- 
torial embelUBbments, comes to us from the 
Louisville, Ky., Business CoU^e. Among 
other thoughtful articles is one on shorthand 

- S. A. D. Habn and G. W. Waltei-s liavc 
reason to be proud of theii- College Reporter, 
Helena, Montana. It looks as though there 
were a vigorous school back of it. 

—Among the hitest arrivals in the com- 
mei'Cial journal line is the Commercial World, 
Battle Creek, Mich,, by J. B. Krug. 

Don't /nil to rotr mi tht prize njirriiiieim. 
Toe .TounNAl, renders are to he the jutlgen 
of their resjifftiee merits. By th^ irrty, 
kfcp your eyen open for some ijtms in t/ir 
other Jiriei of penmanship, which iciU come 
in later. We promised you a letter paper 
this year than ever, and tka pramixe ahall he 

AK I ,Ini u\.s.i. 

Practicar Teachers and Penmen. 

In a roomy, light, tiiry studio, whose 
windows, uorth and cast, look out upon 
Rock River, with background of wooded 
hills, and out upon the little New-England- 

At its meeting in MinutapoUs in July of 
the current year he presented his methods 
of conducting large classes in penmanship, 
the exercise being considered one of the 
most interesting and profitable of the 
convention. Likewise he is an enthusi- 
astic member of the Western Penman's 
Association, und addressed it at the Cedar 
Rapids meeting last winter upon the sub- 
ject of abbreviated capitals. For the year 
just ended he was a member of the 
Executive Committee and was prominent 

C. N. Crandle. 

like city of Dixon, 111., nestling among 
the trees along its undulating streets, you 
may, six days in the week, find C. N. 
Crandle, the artist penman, working busily 
as a beaver. The studio is on the second 
floor of the main or college building of 
the Northern Illinois Normal School. The 
professor is so busy because of the special 
penmanship pupils seated at the tables 
about him, or he may be at work upon a 
piece of engrossing for some society, or 
perhaps on an original set of capitals for 
sorac penman's journal, or, again, it may 
be the heading of some ambitious paper 
just about to be born. Two hours of the 
day, howPTer, the professor spends in 
teaching the students of the Normal in 
classes that number way up in the hun- 

What does he look like ? Oh, he's a 
jiretty fair-looking fellow— a great deal 
better looking anyhow than you could 
make yourself believe after examining the 
accompanying portrait. He hasn't got far 
into the thirties, yet is rather above medium 
size, has a comfortable, well-fed rotundity 
of body and glow of countenance that 
speak eloquently for Mrs. f'.'s manage- 
ment of hi.s tabic; has n compU-xiou tend- 
ing towiird the blonde inul a puir of frank 
blue eyc-s (hat sparkle and laugh like a 
boy's, vnitil he settles down to business, 
when they snap. 

His family consists of his wife and little 
daughter, Eda May. Mrs. Crandle is 
herself no inferior artist and designer, and 
IJrother Crandle is free to attribute much 
of his professional success to her aid and 
inspiration. The little daughter wins 
hearts outside the family, and it is need- 
Ic-is to say that she rules hearts within it. 
Sunday finds all three at church and Sun- 
day school in the Episcopal 
church of Dixon. Mr. and Mrs. Crandle 
hold a membership in the Methodist or- 
ganization and are teachers in the Sunday 

Profa'wor Crandle is a member of the 
nusiM(.'.>Ls Educators" Association of Am- 
erica, having joined it at Chicago in 1880. 

in the deliberations of the recent session ut 
Davenport, Iowa. 

But we like to know what a man has 
been. Well, Crandle is a farm product — 
uot a vegetable, I assure you, but genuine 
live stock. Early in life he began to play 
the "devil" in a printer's office of bis 
native State, Indiana; came then to be 
foreman in the office; left the work for an 
education, which he obtained at Val- 
paraiso, Ind. ; has since taught his beloved 
art in the Valparaiso public schools, in the 
Normal at Bushnell, III. ; in a private 
school of his own at Nashville, Tenn., and 
in the Northern Illinois Normal School, 
at Dixon, III,, with which he has been for 
two years connected. As for Professor 
Crandle, the penman, he has hosts of 
friends who will guarantee that *' he's all 

Don't fail to send ; 
•rize Jiottrished ttpt-rh 
rithouf delay. 


Quick Work \rith the Pen. 

Editor OF TuE Journ.\l: 

In the last issue of The Jouknai. I 

noticed an article under the heading of 

"Speed in Writing." I never before tried 

how fast I really could write, and for a 

first trial made the following speed: 

No. times writ- 
Words , ten per minute . 

thought 21 

Mr. Peirce makes the figure 1 three hun- 
dred times. I tried it twice and made it 
309 times, and with practice could do bet- 
ter. Yours respectfully, 

Will Ramsay, .ht. 
OiTtHio, iini. 

Wbuib io Excbange SpeeliiienM. 

' For some time I have had a scheme in 

I view which I think, if carried out, would 

I result in much good and might imbue 

I jjoine of us with more enthusiasm for the 

Ijcnutiful art. 1 refer to the i-xclianging 
of specimens between different members 
of the profession. My suggestion may not 
meet the approbation of others, but as for 
myself I stand ready and willing to cor. 
respond with any one who will exchange 
with me. 

Vours truly, 

R. E. MoRRiss. 
yfrPh^rmn Imtitvtr. Repiililirnn City,N>-h. 
If this suggestion meets with the ap- 
proval of The JotTRNAr.'s readers we will 
open a list, publishing fiee the names and 
address of those wishing to exchange 

The Poiiman'and HIm Cinii. 

RiCHMONn. Ind., November 17, 1888. 
PnoF. D. T. Ames, 205 Broadway, N. Y. : 

Dear Sir — Please accept my thanks for 
the Premium Gun sent to me for thirty 
subscriptions to The Penman's Art 
Journal. It is an excellent long-range, 
close and hard shooting gun, well made 
and neatly finished, and will give good 
service to any one wishing such a present. 
Very truly, 

W. H. Shrawdeh. 
Richmonfl Btmnem College. 

Mr. Shrawder's elegant double-barrel 
breech-loading gun cost him not a penny. 
He took subscriptions among his pupils 
and when they had reached thirty, claimed 
the premium gun to which he was entitled. 
We offer even better inducements now, 
as you may see by consulting our new 
premium list printed elsewhere m this 

Duping Young Men. 

The Bnni,„.-iH World, Detroit, iu its lust 
issue has the following: 

We clip the following paragraph from 
Marcus H. Fox's excellent article in The 

and in a short time turn them out with the 
written certificate of the principal, pro- 
nouncing the ploiv-boy that was a "Pro- 
fessor of Penmanship." 

These boys, or young men, go forth into 
the country distriet.s and villages, like 
young turkey gobblers that are assuming 
their first strut, and suffer the people to 
think that "The Professor would conde- 
scend to enlighten them in tlie mysteries 
and beauties of the Divine Art," which 
consists, in his case, in making large, 
sprawling capitals with an effort at display, 

i coiled atid 
irdness, and small 
■ ])!ige withtower- 

ith a I 
matted ir 
letters sc; 
ing loop^ 

Now. tih -.r M>u!iL.' null from the country 
that have i\ little start iii penmanship that 
is far away from a good handwriting, 
puffed up with the thought that they are 
professors, with no slight emphasis on the 
" Professors, " that are making such fools 
of themselves, are really dupes of the men 
who pronounce them " Professors " for the 
.'iake of getting their money. 

Tlie young- men from the country, if 
rightly educated, encouraged and directed 
by honest, capable teachers, make the 
most successful business and professional 
men of our land; but if bamboozled by 
designing knaves, so that their efforts are 
misdirected, and they conceive a wrong 
estimate of their importance and ability in 
the start, they are lost to usefulness, and 
are lamentable failures. 

Wily uot get a $5 Conipondlum Free? 

The following from a letter from J. E. 
Garner, lljurisburg, Pa., relates the ex- 
perience of hundreds: "I am perfectly 
delighted with 'Ames' Compendium,' 
whirli I received as a premium, some time 
last spring. To say that it is a most com- 
plete work of its kind is giving the work 
very s|)aring praise. We would not know 
how to get along without it now that we 
enjoy the luxury of having it within our 
reach. I hope to be able to send some 
new subscribersj to Thb Journal before 

Penman's Art Jodrsal, of September, 
on "The Professor:" 

" Nowadays ambitious young penmen 
uc-ed not despair, for by taking a six 
weeks' course of instruction in some well- 
advertised ' pen art ' establishment he can 
be dubbed ' Professor.' Is this not progre.-ii* 
in penmanship? Think of it — a professor 
in six weeks!" 

There is a school down in Ohio where 
they take boys fresh from the plow 

the end of the present year, as most of 
those who secured it through my recom- 
mendatioo as well pleased with it." Mr. 
Garner got his Compendium free by send- 
ing a club of 13 subscribers to Tue Jour- 
nal. The number hjis since been reduced, 
so that now a club of ten subscribers at %\ 
each entitles the sender to a copy of the 
gets a premiu 

Each subscriber also 


IContributlons for this Dcnartmcnt mai 



t issued f^ves then 

jne J' 
\>er of students in Yale Univei'sity as 1365. 

Tile annual catalo^e of Harvard University 
shows ISJIU students, a^inst 16Vi last year. 

Among the students of Princeton College is 



In the London School of cookery over 10,00(> 
yqune ladies took a full cowse of instruction 
during the past year. 

Kansfis has a college attendance of one in 
995, being exceeded in this ratio by only Con- 

lege for women, which is to be ruled by ( 
niittee of foreign ladies. Two « " " 
Americans, two English and the 
French and German i-espectiveh\ 

cently been made by Daniel Hand, of Guil- 
ford, Conn, 

In St Peter's College, Freshfield, near Liver- 
pool, there are two colored .'students from 
America — Messrs, Joseph GrifHn and James 
Brown, of Maryland — who intend to enter the 
saci'ed ministry. 

According to recent judicial decisions in 
' " ' ' the reading 

I and Penusyl' 
the " King James " version of the Bible in pub- 
lic schools is not sectarian education, and can- 
not be objected to as such by Roman Catholic 
taxpayers, and Protestants cannot legally ob- 
ject to the reading of Douay version in the 
same schools. 

The school-house whale is generally rich in 
blubber.— Tb^rrfo Bfndc. 

In teaching a boy drawing, give him the 
premises and let him di-aw his own conclusions. 

Teacher— "Willie, what is the capital of 
Canada V 

Wilhe— "The money taken there by United 
States financiers and boodlers."- ii/e. 

Cambridge, England, has established a col- 
lege of carpentry for women. Any woman of 
ordinary intelligence can leam how to split 
wood in one course of thirteen weeks, — Detroit, 
Free Press. 

" I — I don't know what you mean, imcle ? " 

" Why, I mean where do you stand in your 

" Oh ! in the reading class I stand near the 
stove; in the spelling class I stand on the crack 
just in front of the big desks, and in the 'rith- 
metic class I don't stand at all, 'cos we just sit 
on the recitation bench." 

" Bridget, has Johnny come home from 

open her mouth."— Pi'tcfc, 

Philip, seven yeai's old, is proud of his stand- 
ing at school. 

" Well," said his uncle, who had beard the 
boy speak rather delightedly about his school 
triumphs, " what is vour relative rank in your 


Why is a man called honorable who is up- 
stairs lieattng his wife? Because he is above. 

Adam had one thing in his favor. Eve 
couldn't ask him whether he had loved any 

certainly gone to the rear. 


"Hubby. ,t..;u, I.;,„-f u. 

*f t.i toll vou what 

Tamgoins'-'t'iM v-n i..- i 

u.^tnms!^' "Dar- 

get you a M)^. . . u.l n m 

CUlesfor thl^ \n:n,\, 1 ;,||.| ,1 

i-ug tolay m trout, .i niyli 

•ssiiig case. What 

are you going to gut for in 

-, TootsvJ" "I've 

been thinkiug Jane, and 

tluded to get yon a ne 

(Ti uHt-en u S 

V shaving tirnsh." 

tion. — " You have 

" asked the Judge. 

>uii«l mthnnghi:''— fid-Bits. 

J J^J_,^ Bones, why is a man sitting < 

Qe who has gone to Heav 


Mr, Isaacsffii! — 1 -n. ,- >..» — ^ 

frent. for ^i\ \.ni. . . 

i-ed hot si 

-Mr. K:u 

. Isn-r 1 

Uke dot for sayventeen tollar vas not peesness- 
dot vas charity, 
jjentleman (to bird fancier)— Can this parrot 

Bird Fancier — Yes, sir. 

Gentleman (to parrot)- PoUy want a cracker ; 

Parrot (solemnly)- Chestnut, 
Gentleman— ru take bim. 

" Exact Phonography." 

The followiii;;, piiiil.dfi i mi electrotype of part, of pages 33 and34 of George R, Bishop's 

"Exact Pbo!]n;n;i|ili\ ' i^ in-i rtc c! toilhistrate his use of the so-called fii-st and second positions 

to distinguish, i/iih"il:i i-inuit ;ind vowel strokes — those above the line being vowel, those 

on the line coumhiimi ~uri- ilu' two parallel columns illustrating the result of similar treatment 
(in this case balt-li ;i!:iliiniii- iunl addnig S-circles) of the two classes of strokes, one of the distin- 

Sishing features ot the system tienig eompletftly discriminating the strokes as used for vowel and 
■ consonant sounds, and then subjecting them to like or analogous treatment. The distinguishing 
of them when tbey are used medial fy is by a different device, but it .inst as effectually distinguishes 
them. The claim of the author is that this application, to strokes used as voivcis, of the Pitman 
principles as applied to consonant signs gives great exactness and retains brevity. Hooks, circk's 
' ' attached, and balf-leugthening and double-lengthening applied, to the vowel, as 

Uustrate his mode of medially distinguishing the two classes of 

uiserted with his permission. 

(c) Combined Initial and Final Use. 

. \» spts, 

. V.sbts, 
. .§,, sdds(ts^, 
.. .i*'^. .schts, 
.-.if sjds(ts), 

. AJ'.snts, 

«_p. snds, 

f" (h.u.jskwdsds). 
...°S smbds(ts), 

"^ smpts(ds), 

Cj sfts, 

^ svds(ts). 

s^ts, sets. 

sads(ts). his aids. 
.. sats, 
. s5ds(ts). 

. s;ts(ds), sites, sights, sides. 
-. so5ds(ts). 

sSts(ds), suds. 

. .sfds(ts), seeds. 
sawts. sought his{us). 




& SthtS, 

.. <o sdthts, 

q) SStS, 

a) szds(ts). 

0? szy(y<;ds(ts), 

. <ns smts, 
!»"» smds, 
<^ (l.ii.)syts. 

. 'S ., srts(ds), 

o^ (h.U.)sjds(ts), 




stJts, sots, sods. 
se\vds(ts), suits. 
sJts, sots, sods. 
sewts. suits, sued us{his}. 
. soits. 


s/ds(ts), sides, sites, sights. 
s?ts(ds), sights, sites, sides. 

sawts(ds), sought us(his). 

. soids(ts). 


...sfts, ills, 


salary r 

broader Holds \vitti larger aiilarlos, tihotild 
addi'esa the 

W. A. MoCoitl. MnuAgier. Doa Moines, Iowa- 


the public schools of a flouri.ihinK Western 
City desires an enpagremcnt with a Business 
College. Can also tench Commercial Branches. 
Best recommeiulatloiis furnished. Address 

"B H.." 1-1 

office of The P^■n1»au'AJlMrmU•X^^ IJ'ihvny, N.Y. 

Teacher Wanted. 

For a leading Business College : the s' 
applicant must be an export ponmnn, a good 
matliematiciim and a gentlemen of correct 
habits. Address, Inclosing photograph and 

1-1 Box 403, 1 

■Y17"ANTED.— By a good Penmnu. who 

'ollego work, a position 
■y College. Unexcop. 
1. Address 


A TEACHER from Eastern Ontario, Cana- 
da, wishes to secure a situation as Teacher 
of Penmanship in a Coramei-cial College. Has 
had several yearn' experience in teaching in all 
the departments of a Business College. Address 

olBceof 1 

S B'dwoy. N. Y. 


— uslnt; — 


can Buy Ont-Hundrcd ScU ul Clanks 

for Banking at one-fourlh their 

cost by addressing 

! 6Q8 Washington St Boston Mass 


FOR SALE ™„/v" 

H U1P Bn I keep g T c nfw 

is! 500. 

of Book kc X niL, amanthor 

m to SlWi Position in one of 
relieve Vddicffi with refer 

!f>r *• A ( hORGP & CO 
15 N Spv nth St Philadelphia 


"V^^^ "BRYANTX„^Stf 

AH 1 fJolUNAI, 



For mori' elaborate descriptions and richly illustrated list 
™nt8 for The Journal for December, 1888. The following lit 
many of onr best premtnins, but it is not complete. 


For tl.OO wc will send The Jou 
pant pr Diiums frtf. 

Lnni's PravtT Size, 19 : 

Flourished" Engle " 24: 

Flourished Stag " 24 ; 

CVntcn'l Picture of Progress. 24 j 
Grimt iind Lincoln Eulogy (our r 

r with choice of the following ele- 

4. Grant Memorial Size, 

2. Garfield Memorial. . . '' 

2. Family Record " 

i. Marriage Certificate.. " 
est Penmanship Premium), " 

18 X 32. 

These premiums are without exception careful reproductions of some of the most 
elegant sju'eimrns of pen work ever shown in this country. Price by mail, 50c. each. 

In plati' of anv of the above, a subscriber remitting %\ .00 for The Jodrnal may re- 
(fivr iis pr. miinii ';i piickiige of Ame»^ Copy Slips^ or a copy of Ameii' Guide to Frncti- 

r.if ., .J 1 • .'. /', ' >,:/.. hound in paper, or the same in cloth binding for $1.95. 
Iintl: r!. ' ■ ' ' f ^!'/',^ havp reachcd a trcmundous salc Bnd are tnurthl fr«w 

In I ii j . ii_ I ii-iiicss colleges and classical schools of this Country and 

r;HM.i.i I iM^ I III r I \ thing necessary to make a good, practical business iien- 

iiiaii <>l ;. pii^Lii ..i aN.Mi^t- intelligence. For %% we will send The Journal one year, 
Ur' <i>inl< ill iluth and a rupy of the Standard Practical Pfnviamhip. 

SpeciJil Premiums for Clubs. 

To stimulate those who interest themselves in getting subscriptions for The 
.InURNAi,. we offer a number of valuable Hpecial or extra premiums to pay them for 
their time and trouble. Under this arrangement encli snbscriber will also be entitled 
to choice of the regular premiums enumerated above, the extra premium going to the 
sender of the club. Where premiums are sent by express the receiving party will 
liave to pay the express charges. 

For $2 we will send two subscriptions and an extra premium of Amea^ Guide in 

For $10, ten subscriptions and a copy of Ajnfx" Compendi 
iiitmmtnl PrnmntKship. The price of this superb work, recog 
^5. We have heretofore sent it with a club of twelve. 

For $2. two subscriptions and a quarter gross box of Ames- Best Pens. 

For #2, two subscriptioDs and a book of Recitatiom and Readings, comprising 
timrly fmir hundred standard selections suitable for entertainments, private readings, 
■Vc. The cover is heavy paper, with pretty lithographed design. We know of no 
volume of the kind likely to give as much satisfaction. 

For $2, two subscriptions and the following standard work • History of the United 
States, -in Chronological Order, from the Discovery of America in 1492 to the year 
1SH8, including notices of Manufactures as they were introduced; of other Industries; 
of Railroads, Cimals, Telegraphs and other Improvements; of Inventions. Important 
Events, &c. By EMORY E. CHILDS. Printed from large type on fine paper, hand- 
somely hound in' cloth witli ink and gold side stamp. Regular price, $1.00. 

For $(i, six subscriptions and the following photographic outfit b p 

Tf<e Woiidtr Camrrn; a child ten years old can make a picture. I ons 
of a beautiful little camera covered in imitation morocco, and will mak a ho 
griiph '.^x^ inches in size, and is provided with a Rapid Wide-angle Len 
includes six Liiihtiiiiij,' Dry Plates, two Japanned Iron Trays, t " ■" •■ 
FIy]>osulphite Soda, one Printing Frame, 

Bottles of De e op 
sheets each S d and 

twelve Card Mo n on 
for making R by Lan 

■ Bottle of Gold or Toning Solutit 
IMntc l.iftfr, o'nc Sheet Huby Paper and full dircctioi 
7'A/n fniffit r»ii/<iii,.-< "II that id rtrcded to make and co 

For $il nine siilisniptions and the " Unique'" Telegraph Outjit by exp Th 

simple iuidnciilcumhinatiun set is made forour use by the New Haven Clock C o N 
York. It is hoth rhea)) mid practical and thoroughly well made. Thoutr 
for use of learners, it is no toy, but may be used on private lines fmin -a 
several miles in length. Two outfits of course are needed if two iicrsin- w 
send and receive messages. The two cells will operate a line not <-\> < . il 
in length; an extra cell should be added for every 1200 feet. Extm c<llv v 
each, and extra spools of wire of 100 feet length 75 cents each. Full instr 
phabet, ifec, accompany each outfit. We will furnish extra suppdes either o sh 

For $10. ten subscriptions and a Celfbrated Fhhert Rlf*', Remington a o o 
stock, ciise hanUncd. pistol gri]). checkered and 22 caliber. Sent by expr s Th 
rifles arc iiiisurpiisst'd in the ijuality of material and workmanship. 

For $2">, twriiiy-tivc subscriptions and an elegant Breerh- Lou ding Double- 
liiirni Shot i.hih /rirh hading srt nmipUtc. This is a rare bargain, the gim selling 
readily at $20. This is the cheapest relitihle breech-loading fowling piece of which 
wc have any knowledge, and will do all tlie work of a much more expensive gun. 
Sent by express. 

For $30. thirty subscriptions and a Splendid Ertra-IJeacy Rolled Gold Phite 
Watrh, worth $25. Elegant Hunting Case Plain or Engine-Turned Back and Front, 
with or without monogram. A time-piece of the first excellence, with Sweep-Second 
Mr^vement find Stop .Attachmbnt. Securely packed in a wooden box and sent by expres 

— =1 For*':, two Mibsf-nptinn= nnd f'loifcof t^lr■fnl!o^vitl-^tn^ I 

' ' " ;- ■ Th.- rr!,. hnitr.l W ' 


* seventy-tive cents jier Tohime. The titles 

For $17, seventeen subscriptions and the following 
handsome extra premium by express : 

Cbarles Dickens' Complete Works (Universe Edi- 
tion); fourteen volumes ; 12 mo. Superbly bound, and 
altogether one of the richest editions of the unapproach- 
able novelist's works in print. By express. 

The price of this set is $10.50 when sent otlierwise 
than as a premium. 

2^" A present subscriber sending subBcriptions to secure any of the above 
special premiums may Include his own renewal among Ihe nurnber. In that 
cise hi8 time will be extended on our books for one year, whether his present 
subscription is out or not. A person working for a club to secure an extra 
premium may eend his subscriptions as he gets them and they w^ill be placed 
to his credit and the extra premium sent when the requisite number of sub- 
scriptions have been been received. The club worker, however, must notify 
1% that he is working for an extra premium, so that we may give him credit 
for all the subscriptions he may send. Unless he does so notify us at the 
time of sending (he subscriptions we will not recognize his claim. 

There is absolutely no chance for a club worker to lose any part of the 
fruit of his toil. If for instance he should start out to send us thirty sub- 
scriptions for the Watch and should only succeed in getting ten subscrip- 
tions, he would be entitled to receive the Flobert Rifle or any five of the 
special premiums offered for two subscriptions, and so on. 

The following: Ppemlums are offered for new subscriptions ONLY: 

The following is a siiecial premium otfered to any prencnt aidinn-^ibrr who 
will send us one new subscri])tion (with regular premium) and $1 to pay for 
same. The new subscription must not be his own renewal nor that of any 
other present subscriber. 

Four Books In One! No Household is Complete Without It I 


The following is offered ns a special premium to any present sidmcriher who will send 
UR two new sub-scriptions (each with regular premium) and $3 to pay for .same. The new 
subcriptions must not include his own renewal nnr that of anv other present subscriber. 





1 wunt tlieaddi-uts of t-very card-writer who 
rvad» ttil^ it)i|>er. ^end loc your name and ud- 
(IreHs on a postal card und I will return a blank 
ponlul card to replocu the one you used, and 
fivnd you sometlilnir besides t<> i-epuy you tor 
yoiir trouble. EDWIN STOCKIN.Wnt " 


nship Department 
ilhiuiN Nuniial S(;liool 



Mention Penm 


©HE 2aner:ah College op Ben pRT 

(3. p. 2AWER, GOliUHBUS, O. 

TheAc Schools are nil uonncctcd, and iin 
umnng the best of their kind In America, 
Oood board in pHvit« families at $2.00 ppi 



□ cxohHOffo for any kind 


-■ Send me your name written in full, and 25 cents, 
and I will send you one dozen or more ways of 

writing it, Wi'.h Instniotiona : or nt^nil mn a -J^iiBnt 

stamp, and I will i 

e of Lessons by Msl 
Cards, Flourishing, 
P. S,— No postal oards need appTy. 

Movements, Tracing Exerolses, Capl'tals. 
i"i'"-'shing, nte, Addreas, 

E. PARSONS, Wilton Junotlon, Iowa. 



,J. :'','■ ' '"',", .^"^ in the South. 

'^'h"- ' .ill kin-la made for en- 

1?;,''" , ', ■■' ■■' •'"lit^'ted with parties 

. -^ ■; ■ i-'i' ii ri.'asfinnl)]e prices. 
L r '^m' !■' It'll "v ■"','' 'M'i"'"ir^*^"""'*"'*''**'<l'^8S 


^FoT oardfi, &a. OlraalBi 
■.ej8. PreaarorBinall- 
iW8paper|44. Send 2" 

CANDY:|::I':^B: •;:'■:, 

* 111! AGO, ILL 12-a Conpe<;tii 


10 Ceuts. 


10 Cciita. 


■ O CeutH. 

10 C«-llts. 






Accountants prefer i 

t has given surh universal satisfaction ns AMES' 1 
^huble. For ordinary business work it is unexcelt< 
> all others. Ladies pronounce it the best they e 

iiuspproachuble. For o 

writers and penmanship experts tuo ao other after they havo tried iL 


Because In givlneourorder to the leading English pen-maVers, we didn't ask for the cheapest artic 
but for tbe best. " Use the best material obtaiuiible," out instructions redd. " put your most skill 
workmen ou our orders, hand-grind, hand-pick and polish ouri-eus, so that you can warrant every peu 

TU It imprecisely what has been done. Is it any wonder that the output is the very best steel pentl 

From a barret fullwf testimonials we quote the following: 

Peerless t I^uzuriouti l 
doubtful whether a pen can 
irtistic writing superior 

The Ne Plus ntra 

So writes J. P. Medsger, professional 
penman, Jacobs Creek, Fa.: 

"Ames' Best Pens received. 1 do not 
wonder that your expectation has been 
surpassed. It is certainly a superior pen. 
being fine pointed, durable, flexible and 
possessiDg a quick action." 

tlio Public Schools of Ifrldgeport, €oDn. 

Ames' Best Pen— I like it and use it. 

, Wakhen II. Lamson. 

Lessons lu Plain Writing." 

" I have given Ames' Best Pen 
thorough trial and tjilte pleasure in recon 
Dicndiag it as first chiss in every respect." 

" After a thorough trial I can safely say 
that Ames' Best Pens are excellent. I have 
had a number of my special penmanship 
students try them, and all expressed them- 
selves as highly pleased," 

W. J. Kinsley, 
Sltenandoah, la. 

Meets His Uniiuulifled Approval. 

Ames' Best Pen meets with my hearty 
and unqualified approval, lu fact I am de- 
lighted. I have long sighed for just such a 
pen. Enclosed please find %\, for which 
please send me a one-Erross box. 

James W. Harkins. 
Teudur of Writing in the Curtita Commer- 
cial College, Minneapolis, Minn 

Distances all Competitors. 

" Ames' Best Pens beats all I have ever 
had before." P. B. S. Petehs. 

Prof cfisoT of Penmanship, St. Joseph, Mo. 

Price 35 cents a ouartcr yi 

made for fi . 

Ames' Best Pen. If you ha^ na 
"The Best "no one would have doubted 
the title." G. Bixler, 

Am^ican Pen Art Hall, Woostr, Ohio. 

r General -Wo: 

"Having very thoroughly tested Ames' 
Best Pens in general work, I can say with 
pleasure that they are superior in every 
particular, and hereby commend them to all 
desiring a smooth, easy and lasting pen." 

E. L. BuitNETT, 

Beats the World on any Kind of Work. 

"For a pen that combines the essential 
qualities for plain writing, flourishing and 
artistic pea work, Ames' Best is superior to 
any 1 have ever used." A. C. Wedb. 

FenTnan and Artist, NashvilU, Tenn. 

Most I 

B Market. 

"I have given Ames' Best Pens a thorough 
trial and have come to the conclusion that 
they are indeed rightly named. Tliey arc 
the most durable pens I have ever used." 
A. E. Dewhurst, 

Artist Penman, Utica, Jf. Y. 

On the Top of the Heap. 

' Ames' Best Pen meets my highei 

So Say We All. 

" I like Ames' Best Pens very much.' 
C. S. CnAJ-MAi 
Iowa iiuMnfsa College, Des Moines, In. 
s box. $1.00 a gross box. 


COLLEGE. IVewarl£, N. J- 

College, 264 and 266 West 
125th Street, New York. 
. DUDLEY, Resident Principal, formerly 



■ ■Tils; Part II, S1.76. Les-f 
I --'HI und olroular free. 



fl. COLEinAN. Prii 


SHORTHAND, thoroughly w„,ht 
^ ^ ~ by Mail or Personally. 

/CYCLOSTYLES, B'»< Machine for 

Vy ALIGRAP HS, Jji-'l^'; J 

Send (or Clio's. W. G. CHAFFEE. Osw 

.._...,u,o...e.._^ DIP JL O MA 

-Mot«..ii, K> , ai,d «t p-iid Sioo for the 
pen V«-Ork alone. Sm- ■Jl\>^->i\ inches ; in De- 
sign and Deauiy ii lias UO equal. AddrcM, 

GIDEON BKLEB. PHllslier, Woosler. OMo. 

Shorthand Writing 

Taught by mall. The beat system and thorough 
instruction. Scud stamp for pamphlet and speci- 
men of writinR. 

S-l'J Teather of filiorthand, Ptttsburg, Pa. 

SI f\t\ ^ "eat box c.ntalntng com 

I awVa plete oiitlit for Shorthand 

Standard Typewriter. 




327 Broadway New York. 


834- Chestnut St. 


20 1 Washington St. 


Le Droit Building. 


9 N. Charles St. 


1 2 Third St. 


196 La Salle St. 

St. Louis. 

308 N. Sixth St. 

St. Paul, 

1 1 6 E. Third St. 


8-1. E. IVlarl<et St. 

Kansas City 

322 West 9th St. 

London. 1 OO 

GracGchurch St . cor. 

Leadenhali. B-l-l 



CiKonsvlllf. Md 


La Salle St. 




The Wonderful Machine for Writing Shurthand. 
Easy, Accurate and UellHblo. Send stamp for a 
itpage Circular. Machines rented on trial. 

■ rtf<iu(yd to 92s. 

St. 1.0 uls 


: people to learn Shorthand 
I will tuhe you through 

School 1 


Every worthy studeut f 

' B» Broadway, New Tork, 

position. I^rgent t 

ooontry. Lowest tuition: best Booommoda- 
8. Itwllloost yi.u uothinjrtoglvethelewiin* 
\'il. Over 100 eraduates In pleasaut and remuD- 
(veponldonsihisycur. at walarleafrom ffit) ui 
I per month. Send your n«ine and begin this 
iuHiluif study at oneo. Addrcsa W. T. X.AKI- 
Shorthand and Typuwritfng, 

liarlea fr< 


. jand and .,^., 

Western Normal College, Shenandoah, Iowa. 



Give me a tri;il ord..'r, readers, and 
I will do my best to please you. 
Seud V. S. silver coins or two-cent 
stamps for any of the following: 

System of Copies airauged for home or 

office praftiee, fresh from my ]>eii 25c. 

A complete Compeiidium of Written 
Copies and Exercises for gaining per- 
fect control of the muscular movement $1.00 

Combined Capitals 20 

Variety Capitals 20 

Large sheet filled witli various siguatui'es, 

including your own 25 

15 Plain White Cai-ds, \vitb your name. . . .20 
1.1 Four-ply Wedding Bristol, with name. .25 

15 OiltEdge, with name 35 

15 Plain Bevel, with name 30 

15 Uold Bevel, with name .W 

15 (Jilt^Edge Assorted Comers, with name. ,2.5 

BOX 63, "STATION W.," 

.^.f^ BROOKLYN, N. Y. 

The international Penman, 

Publialii'.l iiioiillilv 1)V D. .MtLiirlihiTi. 
Primipal mill Ptumaii of tlie Cnnad.i 
Business (',,Ilpp;c, of C'Untham, Out., is a 
Mm- cxpoiRiit of Peiiiiiaiislii|> and 'rrnc- 
tlcal EiliKiitidu. 

A ooui-se of lessons by Sir. McLtlchlan 
is DOW in progress, which will be contin- 
ued for about 15 or 18 months, 

The Penman is an 8-page paper hand- 
somely illustrated with cuts from the work 
of distinijnished .Vnierican Penmen, and 
should be in the hands of every teacher. 

Rcffiilar .subscription price, per annum. 
50c. To teiicliers, onlv S5c. Which is 
less than the cost of publication. 

Send o<: for sample cojty. 

123 D. McLACHLAN. 




Is now one of ihe departments of L03 Angeles 
Business College an<t English Tnilntng School. 

My echool by mall Is now a pronounced success. 
Twenty lessouB for 85.00. Send for circulars. 
Those n*ishlD){ a tliorough drill under our personal 
Instruction will find no better place than tho Pcn- 
mnnslilp Department of this college. Send for 
College Journal. Specimens of our best work 30 
«ts. D. B.WILLIAMS. Princpal, 



449 Main St., Buffalo, N. Y., 


Business Education 


By mentis ii[ iHret;t Personal Corrijspondence. 

• The First School of '.ts kind in America. 

The Course of Study and Practice includes 












Any of the followinir articles will, upon n 
of price, be promptly forwarded by mail (or ei 
when BO stated): 

WlienlO cents extra are remitted 
will be sent by registered mail. 
Ames' Compendium of Practical and Orna- 
mental PeDmansbip $5 00 

Ames' Book of Alphabets 150 

Ame»' Guide to Practical and Artistic Pen- 
manship, in piper sOc.j Inototh 75 

Araeb' Copy Slips for Belf-i^eamers , SO 

Wiillams'and Paokard'sGems K 00 

Standard Practical Penmanship, by the Spen- 

cei Brothers I 00 

New Spencerian Compendlam, complete In 8 

parts, per part 60 

Bonnd complete 7 60 

KJbbe's Alpnaoeta, five slips, 2So.: complete 

Little's Illustrative Handbook on Drawing... 50 

Orant Memorial WiSS inches 50 

Family Record ISxat " 60 

Marriage Cerllficate 18x23 " BO 

11x14 " 60 

Garfield Memorial 19xS4 " 50 

Lord's Prayer 19x34 " 60 

Bounding Slag 24x82 " 50 

Flourished Eagle a4x.32 " 50 

Centennial Picture of Proerresa... 22x25 " 60 

" " " ...28x40 " 100 

Eulogy of Lincoln and Grant 23x23 " 60 

Ornamental and Flourished Cards, ISdestKna, 

new, original and artlstio, per pack of 60, SO 

100 by mall 60 

BOO " 860 

1000 " $4.50: by express 4 00 

Bristol Board, 3-Bheet thick, 22x28, per sheet. 50 

" 22x23 per sheet, by express... 30 

French B. B., 24x34, " " ... 75 

■' 26x40. " " ... I 25 

Black Cardboard. 22x28, for white ink 50 

Black Cards, per 100 25 

Bluok Cards, per 1000, by express 2 00 

per sheet, quire 

^\'hatmao's by mall, by ex. 

Drawing paper, hot^pre^ta. nuao.S .15 $ l 20 

^' '■ 17x22.. .30 2 00 

19x24.. ,20 3 20 

;; ;| uxso.. .25 375 

WInaor&Newton'sSup'rSup.IndfalnkStlok 1 00 
Prepared India Ink. per bottle, by express. . . 65 
Ames' Best Pen, i4 grouts box 80 

Ames" Penmen's Favorite No. 1, per gross".'. 90 

" " " " Ji CTOSsbxs. 26 

Giltotfs 303 Steel Pens, per gross I 00 

Spencerian Artistic No. 14, per gross I 00 

Kngrossliie Pens for lettenng, per doz 25 

Crow-qulil Pen, very fine, for drawing, doz. . 75 
Souneoken Pen, for text lettering— Double 

Points— set of three 20 

Broad— set of five .. 25 

Oblique Penholder, each 10c, ; per dozen 1 00 

"■^ouble" Penholder (mar be Uficd either 

straight or oblique), eatjn lOc; per dozen, 1 00 
Oblique Metal Tips (adjustable to any holden, 

each 5c.: per dozen 30 

Writing and Measuring Ruler, metal edged . . 30 

New Improved Pantograph, for ei^arging or 

diminishing drawings "] 26 

Ready Binder, a simple device for holding 

papers 10 

Common Sense Binder, a fine, stiff, cloth 

binder, Joitrnal size, very durable 1 60 

Roll Blackboards, by expi'esa. 

No. 1. else a x3 feet.;..... 175 

No, 2, " ^ix3Hfeet 176 

No, 3. " 3 X4 " 2 50 

Stone Cloth, one yard wide, any length, per 

yard, slated on one side , I 26 

46 Inches wide, per yard, slated both sides. 2 2.^ 
Liquid slating, the best In use, for walls or 

wooden boards, per gallon 6 00 

un good bank note paper is kept In stock, and 
orders will be filled by return of mall or express 
Thefractionaldenomlnationsare: ]'3,6's.l0'8 25'9 
and SO' convenient proportions; the bills are 
Ui the denominations of I's, 2's, 6"3. lO's, 20's, 50'h, 
lOOs, 500's and l.OOO's, which are printed on sheets 
of fifteen bills each. They are proportioned so a^ 
uia\i.e3onai,SCwos,2five9,2 ^nu, and One eaah of 
the 20, 50, 100, 500 and 1.000 dollar notes. 

The proportion in which the different denomina- 
tions are printed Is thatfwhloh long experience baa 
demonstrated to best mcit the demands and con- 
venience In business practice. We cannot furnish 
the Script in other proportions than those named, 
except upon Bpeclal order and at additional cost. 

Fractional Currecey per 100 iiotes t <6 

" 600 300 

" '1,000 ' 6 00 

■'2,000 " 8 00 

lotes representing $83,3:i0 capital 8 7 00 




are kept In stock and 

id special designs promptly filled, W* 

- . -. „... ^- jnptly fil'lt.., 

) stock diplomas for business colleges 

miscellaneous Institutions, 


For the preparation of all manner or llsplaycuts 
lur raclUttos are unequalled. Send for estimates. 
llso we have the best facilities fur making photo- 

duplicates will be furnished for low prices. 

We will supply, ai publUlurt' Tolea^ 
work on penmanship In print ; also anybookkeep- 
ing, commercial arithmetic or other educational 

" id tho mouH) 

with order, in all c 

so-and-so (you have f 

:rs ure assured of prompt and efficient service. 
Address. r>. T. AMES, 

a06 iln»adw»9'. New York 

isfactory. Send for 




No. 128. 

Expressly adapted for professional use and oma- 

mental penmanship. 





All of Standard and SaperioT ftaality. 





'• BUSINl 



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course, good teachers, good everything. "' 
ient free. Address 

1-12 Buffalo, N. Y. 


Makei a Shaded Mark of Two Colors at a Single 
Stroke. Sample set of three sizes by mail, •I.OO. 
Circular and eample writing, FREE. 

I^aper A?Varehouse, 

Nos. 1 5 & 1 7 Beekman St., 



By D vr,New Hrept PR.(ieE55 » 





Counting-House Bookkeeping," 

r. Large noOK. 

IN SBT. Book poit Gbneh 


IS Set. Practice Book. 
Second Business SEftiBS. 

made with l)uein&<» 


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Tbebcststeel pen of English uiunufuoture Is 
worth SI.0O per gross. 

The Peipce Philosophical Treatise of Penman- 
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swere, besides other valuable matter, retails for 
$1.00. aud thousands of volumes have been sold. 

To glvo this book n wider circulation, the fol- 
lowiut; offer is extended to a generous public : 

For $1.00 I will send a gross of 604 Glllott's 
Pens und my Treatise to any address In Cunadu 
or the United States. 


Keokuk. Iowa. 
Pi-es. PciicP Bus. Coll. lO-tf 

kij;jM3pj;h.^W0RTH ;".5.','-'; SCROLL 

JOHN WILKINSON co."c?.Tazia:i'ifl'^' 




I. postpaid, star Pub. 

Figures,— 1 0.OOO Sold 

'.. Louis, Uo 


' A thousand years as a day. No nrlthmetlc 
teaches it. A short, simple, practical method by 
K. C. ATKINSON. Principal of Sacmmento Busl- 
ncssCoilegc, Sacramento. Cal. By mail, Su cents. 
.\ddrc8S us above. 




©em^j oj" 'ploUri^liln^ 


©. f>. Zaner. ©olumbuj, O. 


■rne Standard Practical PenmanBhip, a portfollc 
embracing a <iomplet« library of praotloal writing 
Including the new Ma?*.. Alphabet. i.-apable ol 
being written by any one legibly Ave limes as fast 
as ordinary wntlng. Is mailed for Sl.OO, from the 
New York office only. Address 


en of Flourlahing!' ;!",.'!!.!! 
I Book Specimen of FloiirlH 

W. G. CHRISTIE, Peuinai 
I I'oughkeepale, N. T. 


T\0 VOU regularly READ a business paper? If not, why not? Are 
you in business ? Do you expect to be ? Are you ambitious of ad- 
vancement? What are You Doing to secure it? Undoubtedly you are 
industrious, painstaking and observing. These are excellent qualities, but 
without the more extended knowledge that comes from reading, progress must 
necessarily be slow. The young business man needs to know something of 
the history of his time — the history of business methods of to-day. This is 
found recorded in "The Office," which is emphatically the business man's 
journal. It is the exponent of the best modern business methods. It illus- 
trates improved office appliances, and is the office man's cyclopaedia. 

We want every reader of the Penman's Art Journal to see "The 
Office," and will send a specimen copy to all who will write for it. 
MoNTHi.v, $1.00 A Year. 

P. O. Box 1663. 37 College Place, New York. 

Men and Women Differ in Character. 


tbat will Interest ;ou more tborougbly tban any book you ever read, 1 
11 tbe " BioNS or CHAiucTBa," and bow to read them, send for 

zi:e3.a.ids .A^TQTy £^.a.c::!:e3S : 

HOW TO sTur>Y them:. 

A new Manual of Cbaracter KeadinR for tbe people. It w.ll show you how 10 read people as you 
a book, and see if they are inclined to be KOod, upright, honest, true, kind, charUable. loving, j 
happy and trustworthy people, such aa you would like to know, and be lailniately associated w 
A knowledge of Human Nature would save many disappoiLtraents in social and business lif 
This is the most comprehensive and popular work ever pubUshed for the price. 25,000 copic 
ing been sold the first year. Contains smi large octavo pages and 250 portraits. Send for it anii 
people you see, and also your own character. If you are not satisfied with the book, you may 
,t, in good condition, and we »ill retura tbe money. 

We win send it carefully by mall, post-paid, on receipt of price, ouly 40 ccntM, in pa] 
$ 1 .00 in cloth binding. Address 

POWLEK & WKLLM (O.. 777 Broadwa), New 1 

N. B.— If you will mention The Penman's Art Joi'bn«i, in ordering, we will send— FREE-a c 
tbe ■• PhrenologiMl Journal " [ZOv. a number. $2 a yearj, A magazine of human nature. 





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Every Style o 

Pen work. 


HODGES, Liuo! 

Write for circulars and smd ilin 

two book agents _ 
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steel hnisn portrail 
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Now Extensively Used and Endorsed by the lead- 
ing Business Colleges and Schools through- 
out the United States and Canada. 


The largely iucreased sales of these popular and practical 
works are gratifying evidence of their merit as reliable and tlior- 
ough text-books. Each year shows a marked increase in the number 
of live schools and teachers who, appreciating their value, are rap- 
idly adopting them to the exclusion of all others. 

Sadler's Counting-House Arithmetic. 

An improved work on Business Calculations, comprising over 
500 octavo pages, specially arranged and adapted as a practical 
Text- Book for Business Colleges, High Schools, Academies and 
Universities. More extensively used in Business Colleges than 
aay similar publication. Retail price, S2.00. A specimen copy 
will be sent, charges prepaid, upon rec-ipt of $1,25 to such 
teachers, school otBcers, boards of education, Ac., a," may wish to 
examine it with a view to adoption. 

Sadler's Commercial Arithme+ic. 

For Busiu' ss Colleges and Commercial Departments of High 
Schools and Literary Colleges. A reliable exponent of the best 
Business College Methods of Instruction. Every teacher of 
business arithmttic will be delighted with this volume, for it 
contains just what he needs — no more, no less. A special edition 
is also published for Grammar Schools and Academies. Retail 
l)rice of either edition, §1.50. A specimen copy of either edition 
will be sent, charges prepaid, upon receipt of 75 cents, to teachers, 
school officers, boards of education, <fec., who may wish to exam- 
ine it with a view to adoption. 

Sadler's Inductive Arithmetic, 

Or " Arithmetic without a Teacher," contains every principle 
of arithmetic, custom of business, item of information and form 
of solution which you will be likely to need. It is the book for 
young teachers who wish to perfect themselves in their profession 
by studying the most successful methods of teaching this branch. 
Price per copy, postpaid, §1.50. 

Sadler's Hand-Book of Arithmetic. 

A Modern Text-book for Modern Teachers ; a practical work 
for practical people. Contains no tantalizing i ules or definitioDS, 
no theoretical abstractions, but confines itself to teaching thorough 
arithmetic in a thorough manner. For supplementary class prac- 
tice it is invaluable. Contains over 4000 practical problems, and as 
i teacher's desk copy it has no equal. Price per copy.postpaid, 8 1.00. 


The Counting-house Aiithmetic and Business College Edition 
of the Commercial Arithmetic are supplied with Keys, a compli- 
loentary copy being presented to any school adopting either of 
a'oove text books, whose initial order is not les-i than twenty-four 
copies. All the examples in these text-books, whether simjJe or 
difficult, are solved in full. Price for the Keys separately, $5.00 
per copy. A special price is made to teachers, howevei-, of $3.00. 

Correspondence invited and orders solicited. Liberal terms foi' 
introduction. Address 

W. H. SADLER, Publisher, 

Nos. 10 and 12 N. Charles St., - BALTIMORE, MD. 

^ Y^l; Am JavRSXi:: 


YOU :" 

Bxi [i< I I I Ml. I I . . II liywbichyoucan masturDouble-Bntrj- 
rIllK . . : I . , I. , , I <h>in» tlmt whicb has bcoo your fondest 

rlfili II, MI i- ■ _ >,- . ■: ■. - .1 i-iiK'torilv to your employer and crcdit- 

ibl) 1-; .IPI-. ii - r---"' <■■' 


It il(n.« not tri-iit of the crude Idea of debit and credit, but enters into details explaining every 
M posHihlc for my linul, in ncrimiiilKh \vh;it iKlHt- h-tvr f iiiliil tn \\o Tin niuwrT i« I'cuivinciiiB. 

blm fwHU liisdUBoulty; A uiid Dni' • i' iiii u -i 'i n tim . ( - ii. - i n.i 1 1 :i 

Jolut effects ftreiflt.fti4.24; their liatiilii i. - .n .■ -i;, ,■.;..■.>; \i ii,,!,,-. l.'..i -. ■...,,.!,,;, 

813,801.80. n had 8IS.8ao.2G. Uuring tin- s v.u A .|ji>« -in y..-^«. IJ, H-ln >- -:..''<:m. H.>' 

hud each reimiininu; after closing the lin..i,s I'his i^ mhiipIi-, hi a inn v |i> ii v ii -... -rmi 

thtin to pay $25.1)0 for the information liereafter. Address 

P. A. WRIGHT, 769 Broadway, New York. 


^'CDd for eireulars. Agents 


r GOLD PEN. Stylo, 





Mailed vreb to any part of the United St4kt<w 
upon receipt of 
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SpCuml prices to the trade or agents. 
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!uu8t contain 2ij uent«— not 23 or 24 cunts. 
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raanship by mail may be 
SCAllBOKOUGH. who 1 


ful in this particular : 
lessons, which will do 

six lessons and get 

!. $3.00 pays for six 

persevering- student 

a six weeks' course 

supervision. Try 




and Plain anil OrnnineDtal Penwork exe- 
cuted to order in elegant style and at 
moderate prices. 

Oiie Do/eii Written Curds, l.iic. ; Better 
i|Uiil ty, 30f. A Gem of Flouri.sbing, Klc. 

Xjossoxls l37- IMC&ll. 

Lessons given in any branch of the art 
by mail at prices witliin the rearh of all. 
Send_8timip Sor particular!*. 



Description of those Mads by 

,No. lis u.'. .11,1. -, i„ ■■., , ,1 o|,i KiiKlisU and 

No. 4 18 baaed on th© " Ocrnian Text," and adapt- 
ed to small size ppdn. 
No. Sis a beautiful Soript, and especially adapted 

No. 8 i« based on the " SlarkluR Alphabet," and 
IS adapted to rapid and pluin work. 
No. 7 In similar to No. i, but e<peotall]i (or small 
No. 8 may be called the " Block," as the lettoni 

No. Si is Dasen on tbe " Old Enifll: 
No. 10, the Fipircs, tiseful and o 

Any or all of above, 15 cenlx each. 

Ornamenta and Oritiiiiiental nenlKiia, 

Infinite In numbL>r. 10 cent* each. $1 per doKL*n. 

Lessons by JHail i\ xp^rlulty. 

12 lessons, $2 50. LVHi'.s.>iii.. $4.(10. 

Address, C. E. JONES, 

lAick i»ox 44. Tabor, Iowa. 


Bii H. J. Put 

•. J. Kii 


The Latest. B< s 
nnd Cheapest thing 
teen beautifully iithognii)licd sH|w nnd the 
finest and most explicit (ratructlon Book 
published: enclosed in ii neat and sul>stantlnl 
case; mailed toany part of the world for Fifty 
Cents. Send for our new descriptive drcular 
giving testimonials. &e. 

Putman & Kinsley's Pens. 

[-.. ({atrter Un 


Eight Reasons Why This Truly National System Is The Best 

-The pupil does not have to write through from ten to twenty books 

in order to learn the System. Only Six books. 

"f^*^® '®tt®''s are entirely free from useless lines like double i.wps, ov.ils, etc. 

1 ^*' complete system to present abbreviated forms of capitals. 
-The lateral spacing is uniform, each word fillinj;; a given space and no crowding or 

~\?f^'i^'^"''y printed by Lithography! No cheap Relief Plate Printing! 
-Words used are all familiar to the pupil. Contrast them with such words as 

-/cuyma iir,|ucsnc, xylus, len.illy, mimetic, and xuthus." 

tach DooK contain? four pages of practice paper— one-sixth more paper 

than in the books of any other series— and the paper is the best ever used for copy-books. 

Business forms are elaborately engraved on steel and printed on tinted 

pajjer, rendering them very attractive to the pupil. 
Very low rates for introduction. They are the cheapest books in AmericS:' 








. 2 

|i 1 




5 5 = |. 
g « n S 










h S 





7^ V • 


The B.^RNES PENM,A.NSHIP has compelled the publishers of every Series in the market to revise their books 
already added several of the special features of this New Series. 

An Elegant Specimen Book containing all the Copies of the Series sent GRATIS 



A. S. BARNES & CO., Publishers, 


Published Monthly 

N. Y., for $1 per Ye 


Entered at the Post Office of New York 
N- Y . as Second-Class Mail Matter. 


Vol. \[1I— No. 2 

Lessons in Practical Writing. 

. ,Jc/O0 

It i« often remarked by people advanced 
in years that writing in general is not ao 
good now as it was in their day. If lejri- 
bility alone be considered, it is quite 
probable that this is tnie. Forty or fifty 
yeai-s ago a round shaded handwriting 
with u finger movement was almost uni- 
versally in vogue in this country. No style 
could be better constructed to give legi- 
bility. The round, formal shaded letters 
stand out almost with the distinctness of 
type, mid when slowly made, with the 
most accurate of all movements for writ- 
ing, thp finger movement, could scarcely 
full of legibility. But in those days mer- 
chandise and mails did not fly on the wings 
of steam or tliought with the lightning 
over the telegraph or telephone. With 
the snail pace of business, a snail-like 
speed in writing was in keeping; bat as 
Npced in transportation and commerce has 
increased, quickening thought and action 
in every avocation of life, more rapid and 
sure methods of recording and transcrib- 
ing thoughts have been imperatively de- 
manded. Hence, not only improved 
methods in style have been sought and 
discovered, but its handmaidens, the 
stenograph and type-writer, have com? for- 
ward to share and lighten as well as to 
facilitate the labors of the pen. 

To the credit of an old shaded round 
hand, then, we place legibility; to its 
debit slow execution, owing to the diffi- 
culties of complexity in form, larger size, 
shaded lines and finger movement. This 
being the fact, it is apparent that any 
improvement must be in the line of over- 
coming th(we difficulties. 

First, we simplify forms. The rirst of 
the accompanying alphabets is the 
standard form of capitals used 50 
years ago. which requires 162 dis- 
tinct motions of the hand to make 
while that of the modern hand which 
follows requires only 96. As the forms 
of the latter ^e more simple, and 
with less parallelism of lines, the strokes 
are made withj less care, and hence 
more rapidly. Owing to the larger sIm 

/ ^^ / 


■^^^^^^^i^ Cy^i<r. .^^, ,^^^'^tiCe^.^Yia-a^!: ^fCt^^ ytf:c-a.'t.i^ 


Model Practical Writiny as Practiced To-day. 

of the old hand the pen was required to 
move over a much greater distance in 
writing, in fact nearly double that of the 
modern business hand, while the labor of 
shading each downward stroke was very 
much greater and less rapid than in un- 
shaded lines. The combined forearm and 
^nger movement employed in modern 
writing is very much more rapid and less 
tiresome than the finger movement. 

For these reasons it is fair to assume 
that four pages of the modern writing may 
be executed in less time and with greater 
ease than one written in the old style. 
While we concede that the old style is 
probably the most legible, yet we unhesi- 
tatingly accept the new, all things con- 
sidered, as incomparably the best. Had 
men considered personal safety first of all 
things in locomotion they would have al- 
ways traveled on foot. Rut they have 
willingly sacrificed something of safety to 
gain speed and ease by mounting a horse, 
or boarding a carriage or a steam car. So 
in handwriting we willingly lose slightly 
in one direction that we may gain much 

The accompanying cuts show a few lines 
written in the old style of shaded round 
hand, together with other writing exe- 
cuted in approved modern practical 
style. With the latter we believe it is an 
CAsy matter to obtain four times the rate of 
speed as the former. The following copies 
logether with copies and 
n the last lesson, may be 
practiced from. 


ly i.JJu^.'U'C^ 

// ^■i^Z^?-Z^S^^i!^U^ 

The Prize Flourishing Contest 

A Remarkably CIohp Contest Ilctween 
Huorc, Zaner and Stiioflplil. 

The firet of our series of prize conipe. 
titioDS, that of the flourishing ehiss, hus 
proved a success bejond our most sanguine 
expectations; The votes came trom every 
State and Territory in the Union and every 
Canadian province. There were 3409 opin- 

Hall, C. E. Ball and M. F. Knox, of 
Quincy, HI. 

The first five responses received in which 
the names of the authors were correctly 
named, with due aliowonce for distnpce, 
were from W. S. Hart, C. N. Faulk, B. 
F. Willinms. D. W. Moses and F. E. 
Cook. Any one of our penmanship pre- 
niiuma will be sent to each of these gentle- 
men upon receipt of a letter making 
known his preference, according to our 



The opinions of experts in any matter 
are always seasonable and interesting, and 
no less so because they may differ. The 
opinions of leading penmen as to what con- 

^_^^a^^' i^^jf,.^„-^' *%..^^^^ 

The Abate CuU were Pholo-Eligiavetl from Slips seal tin by Li/man D. Smith, of Hart- 
ford, Conn., Shamnti the Work of the Pupils in the Public Schools of that City, of 
Which he is the Writina Superintendent. The Ctils Show a Fair Amrage from about 
One Hundred Slips. The Writer of the First Note is Twelve Years of Age, and of 
the Second, Fifteen. We Should lie Blad to ham More of this Sort of Work from 
Public School Superintendents for Iterieu: 

ions expressed ,as to the. relative merits of 
the tliree prize flourishes. This table 
shows how the votes were cast ; 

1st prize. 

2d prize. 

8d prize. 



. 1,103 












Specimen B is therefore accorded the 
first prize of $10. It is the work of M. 
B. Moore, of Morgan, Ky. 

The second prize, a copy of the Ames 
Compendium, goes to specimen A, which 
was executed by C. P. Zaner, Columbus, 

The third prize, a gross of Ames' Best 
Pens, becomes the property of Fielding 
Bchofield, Quincy, 111., the designer of 
specimen C. 

The competition was conducted with en- 
tire fairness and without prejudice, and 
the ballots carefully counted. 

Twenty-four voters correctly name the 
authors of the different specimens. They 

F, E. Cook, Stockton, Cal., Business 
College; J. P, Byrne. Jamestown, N. Y., 
Business College; C. M. Weiner, South 
Whitley, Ind. ; D. A. Griffitts, HilPs Busi- 
ness College, Dallas, Tex. ; W. S. Hart, 
Haddonfield, N. J. ; D. W. Moses, Al- 
liance, Ohio. ; E. A. Holmes, Wales, 
N. Y. ; E. M. Barber, Southwestern BiLsi- 
ness University, Wichita, Kan. ; R. H. 
McMillen, Chapman, Kan. ; A. M. Hargis, 
Grand Island, Neb.. Business College; L 
H. Thornbury, Haggerstown, Ind. ; B. F. 
Williams. Turuey, Mo.; W. M. Manly. 
Nashville, Tenn.; C. N. Faulk. Sioux 
City, Iowa; A. J. Smith, Anamosa, Iowa; 
D. R. Barker, Sudbury, Vt. ; P. T. Ben- 
ton, Iowa City Commercial College; Mr. 
Harvey. Clinton, Iowa; A. Philbrick, 
Marion, Iowa; F. (». Steele, Cambridge, 
Ohio, and H. P. Bchronsmeyer, C. B. 

stitutes a good flourish, as shown in their 
votes on our prize offerings, will assuredly 
be received with pleasure. It should be 
borne in mind that these voters had no 

groiiTid is hardly great enough. B, I 
think, is greatly overdone by too much 
filling in. ' C is very neat, but rather too 
simple to show the skill which the author 
probably possessed. 

G. M. Meade, Principal Fort Smith, 
Ark., Commercial College, A, B, C 

A. J. Dalrymple, penman at above in- 
stitution. B, A, C. 

D. L. Hunt, penman, Western Business 
College, Hutchinson, Kan., (!. A, B. 

Miss M. D. Harman, Monroe, Wis.. 
B, A, C. 

F. C. Patty. Farrell, Tex.. B. A, C. 

J. G. Dunaway, Little Rock, Ark., Com- 
mercial College, A, i\ B. 

Prof, C. A. St. Jacques, St. J. Bte. 
Academy, Montreal, B, A, C. 

Isaacs Votes d 

E. K. Isaacs, Valparaiso, Ind., indicates 
his first preference only. It is forspecimen 

Louis G. Hinkel, Worcester, Mass., 
B, A, C. A is very good, but B is a much 
finer piece of penmanship. The inore one 
looks at it the more there is to study 
about it. 

J. C. Blanton, Hardeman, Ga., A, C, B. 

L. R. Walden, Austin, Tex.. B, A, C. 

C. E. Chase, Pen Art Department. Hia- 
watha, Kan., Academy, B, A, C. 

L. W. Hallett, Millerton, Pa., B, C. A. 
Kanc^s Prefercnc©. 

J. C. Kane, penman of Eaton & Bur- 
nett's Business College, Baltimore, B, C'. 

A. Specimen A is good in design, but 
somewhat coarse in execution. Specimen 
B is immense for pleasing, in the design, 
grace and harmony of stroke, but savors 
of the " too muchy." Specimen C I like, 
especially for original design and natural 
ease of streamer, which is not enhanced any 
by the abrupt beginning of the flourished 
strokes. This is also perceptible in their 
use in the wings of storks. Otherwise it is 
good, unless possibly in the grotesque ap- 
pearance of a stork holding streamers. 

J. M. Vincent, penman, Packard's Busi- 
ness College, N. Y., B, A, C. 

W. L. Beeman. Superintendent Actual 
Business College, Red Wing, Minn., A, 

B, C. 

be enormous — about 3 feet in length 
Why wi'l penmen continue to make birds' 
heads like those in the margin of specimen 
A ? I never saw a bird with head and 
beak like those, nor has any one else Tliat 
spoils all of Mr. Zancr's otherwise beauti- 
ful work. I think specimen B a gem in 
every particular, and a credit to Mr. 
Moore, and I hope the prize will fall in 

D. L. Musselman, Quincy, III.. C, B. A. 
F. G. Steele, penman, Cambridge, Ohio, 

A. B, C. 

E. M. Chartier, Texas Business College, 
Paris, Tex., B, A, C. 

J. P. Byrne, penman, Jamestown. N. Y.. 
Business College, A, B, C. 

J. II. Bachtenkircher, Princeton, Ind., 
Normal Academy, A, B, C. 

B, C Wood, Iowa Commercial College, 
Davenport. Iowa, B, A, C. 

R. W. Fisher, of the above college. 
A, B, C. 

M. V. Hester, Ridge Farm, III.. C. H. 
A, B ha.s the most work in it, but I like 
C best on account of it being so natural. 

P. T. Benton, Iowa City Commercial 
College, A, B, C. 

W. F. Giesseman, penman Capital City 
Commercial College, Des Moines, Iowa, 
B, A, C. B is decidedly overdone, yet it 
is well done. 

J. S. McGaw, Celina, Ohio, C, B, A. 

P. R. Kincaid. Pleasanton, Kan. For 
roomy work, neatness and grace, I give 
first prize to A; for grandeur, second to 
B; for simplicity, third to C. 

E. E. Gaylord. Milledgeville, III. , 
A, B, C. 

E. J. Kneitl. penman, Stratford. (>nt., 
A, B, C. 

Charles O. Winter, penman and en- 
grossing artist, Hartford, Conn. First 
prize to B, becftuee it is the best speci- 
men of honn Jidr flourishing, and is 
very well done; the design does not . 
amount to much. Second prize to C, as 
the flourishing is good, but; not ienough 
range to it, and the design is pretty. Third 
to A, tis the flourishing is good, but the de- 

Flourisheil by K. H. Robins, WuhUa, Kan. Photn-Enqrnre<l. 

means of knowing who the authors of the 
specimens were; therefore there could be 
no bias to their expressed opinions. In the 
subjoined voies preferences were given in 
the order in which the letters indicating 
the specimens are placed: 

Throush Webb^s Spectacles. 

A. C. Webb, Nashville, Tenn.. A, C, B. 

The only objection I can find to A is that 

the contrast between eagle and back- 

W. D. F. Brown, penman. Auburn, 
R. I.. B. A, C. I think B is the only pure 
piece of flourishing of the three. The 
prizes were offered for flourishing and not 
pen-drawing, that is the reason I jmt 
specimen C for third prize, as it contains 
but little flourishing. Specimen A is. well 
executed but poorly designed. The pen- 
holders, according to the ratio ot size com- 
pared with the eagle and palette, must 

'chestnut V and i 

C. M. Ward, Elizabeth, N. J., B, C, A. 
After thorough examination under magni- 
fying glass, for steady hand, unbroken 
strokes, synuuetry, and considering size of 
originals, and esi)ecially clear outlines and 
delineation of subject, I think above about 

.1. H. Ralston, Baltimore, B, A, C. 

V l"'« > AK 1 aoiiKsns 



C. M. Holt. Valparaiso. Ind.. C. B. A. 

A. .1. Cadroan. London, Ont.. A, B. C. 

I). H. Cram, Portland. Me., B. A, C. 

{'. T. Smith and Lloyd MorrisoD, Atchi- 
son, Kan.. Business College. A, C, B. 

A. G. Conrood, E. N. Draper and 
Thomas Lloyd, of above college, C. A, B. 

1). H. Farley, superintendeDt of writing 
in i^tate Normal School, Trenton, N. .1., 
. A. B, C. 

J. B. McKay, Dominion Business Col- 
lege, Kingston. Can., A, B, C. The 
6ouri8hed lines in specimen A hannon- 
ize much better than in B and C. It re- 
quires more skill to execute the linos in A, 
and I find fewer blemishes in A. The 
general appearance of specimen A is 
better than B or C. I place B second for 
the skill shown in the general flourishing 
of the bird, not mentioning the ginger- 
bread. The design of C is excellent, but 
the flourishing is very defective. 

executed. Specimen C second ; better 
arrangement of strokes and design. 

W. .1. McBride. ornamental penman, 
Chicago, A. B. C. 

C. C. French, Bayless Business College, 
Dubuque, Iowa, C. A, B. 

G. B. Jones, Select Writing Academy, 
Rochester, N. Y.. B, A, C. 

H. B. Parson's ChDlrc. 

H. B. Parsons, Zanesville, Ohio, Busi- 
ness College, B, A, 0. Undoubtedly B 
is the most skillfully executed piece, but 
it is overdone. 

E. G. Evans, Principal Burlington, Vt , 
Business College. B, A, C. 

W. S. (Jhase, penman and designer, 
Madison, N. H., A, B, C. 

W. J. White, Duffs College, Pittsburgh, 
B, C, A. 

E. M. Barber, penman, Southwestern 
Business College, Wichita, Kan., A, B, C. 

O. P. Judd, Clinton, Iowa, Business 
College, A, C, B. 

of supcrinr desigu and cipiiil skill, jind 1 
would give B the second place on the 
merit of execution. They are all gems of 
flourishing, and reflect credit upon the 

J. D. Briant, Raceland, La.. A, B, C. 

G. W. Temple, Cicero, Tex., A. B, C. 

A. C. Domey, Allentown. Pa., Business 
College, A, B, C. 

D. A. Griflfitts, HilPa Business College, 
DalUusTex., A, B, C. 


HnlPN Opio 

F. H. Hall, penman, Troy, N. Y., 
Business College, C, B, A. The B and C 
specimens are both so good that it is dif- 
ficult to determine. My reasons for giv- 
ing judgment in favor of C are these: 
Originality, simplicity and beauty in de- 
sign. It is artistic and realistic in execu- 
tion, and superior to A and B. 

L. L. Tucker, penman. New Jersey 
Business College, Newark, B. C, A. 

voted first prize to specimen B. I think 
there is more pure flourishing on this than 
either of the others. I have voted second 
prize to specimen C— it is a novelty. I 
have shown the specimens to a large num- 
ber of good penmen, and they all »eem to 
agree with my ballot, 

(>. O. Hourkc, Mnrshalltcjwii, Iowa, B. 
A. C. 

IT. E. Perrin, Mankato, Minn., B, A, C. 

D. C. Rugg, Minneapolis, Minn., B, A. 

A. M. Wagner, Danville. Ind., B, A, C. 

P. M. Hager, Fife Lake Citv, Mich.. A, 

F. B. Palmer, Caledonia, N. S., B. A, 
C, Specimen A is a verj- good design, 
but I think the greatest amount of skill is 
displayed in specimen B. The flourisher 
of A is evidently an advocate of the ob- 
lique holder. 

E. M. Huntsingcr, Huntsiuger's Busi- 
uess College. Hartford, Conn., C, A, B. 

B Off- ^^jL\ i ^ I h ^m- ' >^-^ ^^ 


m^^ m%€^^ 

'11 D [Photo-Engraved], StibmUted for Competition in our Prize UtasH No. 5, and One of the Two Specimenn Selected as the Best from the Whole Number Received- 
The Other Cut in Likewise Shown Elsewhere in this Issue. You are Invited to Send Your Vote as to which of these ^ecimens Shall be Awarded First Frize. 

ThrouiEh KlnfilerV sppeiaelpw. 

W. J, Kinsley, penman of Normal 
School, Shenandoah, Iowa., A, B, C. A 
shows originality, skill and harmony. B 
shows greatest skill, not so much origi 
nality, and is overdone, which fact de- 
tracts from its appearance. * shows most 
originality, is fairly harmonious in design, 
hut does not show so much skill as either 
A or-B. They arc all elegant specimens 
and will add to the fame of the artists who 
executed them. 

('. F. Wellman, East JalTrey, N. 11.. 

A, B. C. A and C: are more original than 

B. vV and B exhibit more skill in placing 


beauty, but a trifle overdone. 

O. P. De Laud, De Land's Business Col- 
lege, Appleton, Wis.. C, A, B. 

Locke Thompson, penman, Templeton, 
Pa. In my opinion, B is by far the finest 
and most beautiful. A comes next. 

A. E. Parsons, penman, Wilton Junc- 
tion, Iowa, B, A. C. 

G. W. Dix, Business College, Garden 
City, Kan., B, C, A. 

4'randle*s Idea. 

C. N. Crandle, penman of N. I. Normal 
School. Di.xon. Til., A. B. C. A first; 
most hnrmouious in desigu and skillfully 

G. W. Wallace, penman, Wilmington. 
Del., Commercial College, A, B, C. 
Lon-e LlkeH <' Beol. 

A. W. Lowe, penman, Wilbraham, 
Mass., C, B, A. 1 think C best on ac- 
count of its clearness and simplicity. 

W. A. Moulder, penman, Adrian, Mich., 
A, C, B. 

Pish Gives A the Palm. 

J. F. Fish, penman, Ohio Business Uni- 
versity, Cleveland, A, C, B. 

Louis Keller, Kendallsville, Ind., B, 

A, C. 

L. L. Wiley, Superintendent of Writing 
in Public Schools of Painesville, Ohio, 

B, A, C. 

H. S. Taylor, proprietor Salem, Ohio, 

A, C. 

Pelrcp»s Notion of Floorlshinir. 

C. H. Peirce, Peirce Business College, 
Keokuk, Iowa, B, A, C. My vote stands 
on the highest order of skill. 

E. StouiTer. penman, Tonmto, B, A, C 

Will Peard, Jr., Orillia, Ont., B, A, C. 

C. E. Beck, Russell, 111., B, A, C. 

Chas. Breidecker, Writing Instructor in 
Public Schools of C^olumbia, III.. B. A, C. 

J. N. Maxley Stuttgart, Ark., C, A, B. 

Webster's Preference. 

S. R. Webster. Moore's Business Uni- 
versity. Atlanta, Ga., C, B, A. C 
should receive first prize on the ground 

A. S. Osborn, Buffalo Business Univer- 
sity, B, C, A. 

G. W. Harmon, penman Soule's College, 
New Orleans, B, C, A. B is my choice 
on account of the beautiful arrangement 
of the lines and the shades about it, which 
are exquisite. I think C should have 
second prize on account of its having 
been executed by a hand of rare skill in 
that particular line of work. The eagle 
comes in last, but there is scarcely much 
difference shown in the respective ability 
of the three persons. 

A. A. Clark, Superintendent of Writing 
in Public Schools, Clevebmd, Ohio, B, A, 

P. P. First, Springfield, Mass., A, B, C. 

L. H. Axtell. Reels, Iowa, B, A, C. 

J. P. Quigley, Goshen, N. Y., B, A, C. 

G. G. Strickiand, Stillwater. Minn., A, 
C, B. 

J. J. Hagen, Hendium, Minn , A, B, C. 

L. J. Columbus, Crookston, Minn., 
C, B, A. 

L. E. Le Kane, Beatrice, Neb., A, B, C. 

Chester Ashley, Lakeville, Ma^s,, C, A, 

D. E. Blake, Galesburg, Mich., B, A. C. 
Patrick's Preference. 

W. H. Patrick, penman, Sadler's Busi- 
ness College, Baltimore, B, C, A. I have 


of ojnnion 
wh ich rippear 

invited to Haul «* an eajtresaion 
the ornamental specimtmH 
in th}» issue. Vote euHy, 

•nth, hu^ 

To Save «;j..50 1 


Says The Bookkeeper, Detroit, Mich.: 
From Mr. D. T. Ames, New York City, 
])ubli8her of that excellent paper. Tin-; 
Penman's AhtJouhnai,, we have received 
a copy of Ames' " New Compendi 
Practical and Artistic Penmansh: 
large, handsomely bound and superbly en- 
graved book of 70 piiL'e-*. lull rif valiiJihIc 
suggestions and aids im ihr -niil.tii of 
penmanship. Lea\iti- n' i.„i i. ir,iv 

pages ot nidiment:ir\ . , , ,, ( im 
geations, the work earn. .j.. rliM,n-h by 
easy stages to what would secru to l7e the 
very limit of intricate penraunship, and 
ends by showing designs of steel pen work 
which it would seem could only be accom- 
plished by an engraver. We can heartily 
commend this work to any one desirous of 
excelling in this branch of the art. 

Everyone who has bought a 
(and we have sold thousands) 
markably cheap at $5 a copy, the selling 
price, postage prejiaid. The splendid new 
" Spencerian Compendium," complete in 
seven parts, sells at |7.50. Tfiis with 
" Ames' (Compendium" makes a complete 
penman's library. We will furnish the 
two for only $9, thus saving the purchaser 



^oz^dawb ^^cpatt^iicMi. 

ill iiiiifffT iutriulfi for f/iii^ ile/iiirfmeiit 
(Mnlinn ,ihr,rlhaml fxrhiv^rA xhoiild he 
nrnt /<> >r.'. /.. //. Pn(htr<}, 101 Eant I'M 
Htrrrf. Xnr Tori. 

A Method of Examination in 
Shorthand Work. 

An exmniDation of forty shnrthnnd 
pupils was recently conducted after this 
fashion : 

1. An article of 200 words in very simple 
languafre was dictated at n very slow rate, 
each student being required to get every 
word and ask for n repetition if he failed 
to do so. 

2. Another article of 200 words, more 
difficult, was dictated, also very slowly. 

3. A short article, which each of the 
class had read from phonography and writ- 
ten ten times, was dictated at the rate nf 
50 words a minute. 

4. Another article, which they had also 
read from phonography and written ten 
times, was dictated at the rate of 75 words 
a nainute, nobody being allowed to ask for 
a repetition. 

This was all that was done as class work. 
The individual work was timed, each pupil 
being required to work without communi- 
cation with any other student, and the 
time required for each paper wa-s recorded. 
Three phonographic slips were provided 
and distributed to the class, one at a time 
to each pupil, but not in the same order. 
These were transcribed in the order re- 
ceived, and as soon as finished were 
handed to the teacher, who recorded the 
time spent upon the transcription, giving 
the pupil another slip until the three 
were finished, the time consumed upon 
each being taken. Then t'>ree type- 
written slips were distributed to be 
written in phonography, each stu- 
dent, as before, being timed, and hav- 
ing but one slip given him at a time. This 
completed the examination, which covered 
from two to four hours, according to the 
ability and quickness of the pupils. 
Each pupil wa.s dismissed from the room 
as soon as he had finished the prescribed 
work, leaving his note-book with the 
teacher. The books were all critically 
examined by the teacher, and a system of 
marking was adopted, 100 being taken 
1 being deducted for 
I dictation or transcrip- 
tion, 1 for each error in position, 3 for 
each incorrect outline which involved a 
violation of a principle, 1 for an incorrect 
outline that was no violation of principle, 
showing only a lack of judgment, -i for a 
word written in full that is a contraction, 
i for reading one word for another, the 
outline being the same for both, 1 for mis- 
reading a word when the outline would be 
different from the word read. 

The above method is submitted for 
what it may be worth, with the hope of 
eliciting comment and suggestion from a 
few hundred of the teachers to whom this 
journal comes. How shall the best results 
he attained in teaching shorthand? 

The great secret of speed is not in writ- 
ing the word quickly, but in shortening 
the time in passing from one outline to 
another.— .Tames E. Mi-xson. 

Expert Testimony as to 
Amanuensis Work. 

One of the most interesting features of 
the Business Educators' Convention, held 
at Minneapolis last summer, was the in- 
vasion of the Shorthand Section on the 
last evening by the practical stenogra- 
phers of the city. Their presence suggested 
the idea of ])uttiug them on the witness 
stand, and many useful hints for the 
benefit of the profession were thus ob- 
tained. We give a very few of the many 
points that were brought out : 

Am Co Ihe Vne of tbc 1-rpo-Wrller, 

Mr. McCaratb on the stand. 

Q. How fastcan you write? Ans. Itisdiffl- 

■ them CD the type-writ^-rf 

Q. How much information is given you t 
a letter? Ans. They generally give me t 
letter and say, " Answer so and so." giving i 
the general drift, and leaving the exact wnti 

-_ his si)ec!al c 

Q. Still, some of the things you leom in 
school help you f Ana Oh, yes: you get a 
genera! idea from instruction. 

Q. Would you rather be a slow type-writei- 
and rapid shorthand ''■ '^^~ "'" ' 

iiportant tban any other 
y \Miat IS tue a\t.ia^c rate of shortnana 
dictation J Ans I 'ihiuld say tliat it rarelv 
exceeds 100 words pei mmute 

I Sliortlinnd i 

Alth ut.h ni\ >,\f 
betNr than the> I 
man\ yeai> I d 
hurt tbem I was \e v 
would affect them but I 1 

6 Un vnu write mth 

I cu \ t tJik t he rthan 1 
Mrs Packaid And it cures them 

Di bpauldmg Duiingthe discussion a lev- 
days agn on the health in connection mth 
shorthand it was brought o it that shorthand 
made a person nei vous injui ed his eyesight 
&.C 1 think salary has sometlung to do with 
nervousness. One of the young men has said 
when he fii-st left school he bad to taJte a lower 
position at a small salary. Many have to take 
small salaiies. Then the employer will pile 
more work upon them than they tan do. Tliis 
makes them nei-vous and irritable. It affects 
tbeu- nervous system and they break do^vn un- 
der it. If the employer would pay a liberal 
salary be would find that the nerves and eye- 

. , . I 

have gained a good deal since I commenced ti 
study and practice. Before that my health 
poor. 1 have never found that shorthand 
■" ' ' ■ ' any way. 

earing on the 

has affected 

Miss Blacklin; I think 
nervous system. I have found 

Q, How long have vou been 
Two years. 

Ans. Perhaps I 

Q, Did you ever have as close ot 
fore ? Ans. No. I have been with 
in mv own family. 

y. How about semicolons f Ans. 

iure about the semicolons. Yon c 

jieriod in where it belonRs- 

when yon began 1 

make the first syllable r 
I had a little ; 

I would make 

Steno^afliy, Boston, Charles C. Beale. 
editor, is a bright, original little magazine, 

S. De 

Tlie Pllmiofraphir. Jlagaiint. always wel- 
come, is made doubly so this month by the 
tine portrait of Benn Pitman which ac- 
companies it. It is not the portrait of an 
oldman, though the hair and beard arc 

<s\ui \)\.^i. SK\\\;vi\vvvi'wh\.b . 

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Two Amtriaiii boys tnadi' tin actjiiaiut- 
ance of the King of Denraark, this sum- 
mer, under very peculmr circumstances. 
They were skylarking in the streets of 
Copenhagen, and one boy tossed the 
other's hat into a tree. While the victim 
was trying to dislodge it, there came aiong 
an old gentleman, with umbrella under his 
arm and bis head buried in his book. 
"Please, sir," said the hatless boy, "wilt 
you get my hat?" The old gentleman 
fished around with his umbrella for about 
five minute.s, and failing to dislodge the 

partoershij), the Bryant & Stratton lutema- 
tional Chain of Business Colleges, as it 
was called, comprised about 40 colleges, 
located in all quarters of the continent, 
from Portland, Me., to San Francisco, and 
from Montreal to New Orleans, bujj.after 
that time a portion of them dropped out of 
existence and the rcmamder came under 
the individual control of the local princi- 

Kals, who, as a rule, were, before its diaso- 
ition, members of the firm of Bryant & 
Stratton. — Itochester Commercial Bttiew. 

the city, it is stated 

days fouii'l 


thought struck him that these maffgots 
were the oflfspring of the beetles he had 
seen, and that they performed the burial 
rites in order to provide a place to deposit 
their eggs, where the newly-hatched young 
might have food for their nourishment. 
Continuing his observations, Mr. Gleditsch 
placed four of these beetles under a glass 
case, with two dead frogs. One pair 
buried the first frog in 12 houra, and on 
the tliird day the second nne was similarly 
disposed of. The professor then gave 
them a dead linnet, and a pair of the 


hat, allowed the bf>\ i ni lii- ^lioul- 

ders, and, with tin , ' ' i np- 

tured the hat. A- ' p untfd 

and thanked the nlii -. f.i i, n, ni, inuther 
gentleman came aluug, \\li.. s.iUiU-d and 
called the one with the umbrella. "Your 
Majesty." Being an American boy. our 
boy was not paralyzed, but he thinks the 
kin^ dcwfrvf": his kingdom. In fact, the 
Kiii-nf Ii.'iinnik is a capital fellow. He 
1(i\<-1m liiiii-li- u ith the people in their 


.IIhI tlu 
[ Wm\. — Gohh;, Dn, 

fol-de-ro! of 

The popularity of Peter Piper's cele- 
brated peck of pickled peppers will proba- 
bly never wane as a snare to catch the 
tongue that would fain be agile; but that 
test has formidable rivals. The following 
short sentences, as their authors maintain. 
do wonders in baffling the ordinary powers 
of speech : 

Gaze on the gay gray brigade. 

The sea ceoseth, and it snfficeth us. 

Say, should such a shapely sash shabby 
stitches show. 

Strange strategic statistics. 

Give Grimes Jim s gilt gig-whip. 

Sarah in a shawl shoveled soft suow 

She sells sea-shells. 

A cup of coffee in a copper colfee-cup. 
Smith's spirit-fiaak split Philip's sixth 
sister's fifth squirrel's skull. 
Mr. Pisk wished whisk whisky. 

A Bncolle Idyl. 

And now the honest farmer packs 

His apples up for town; 
This is the top row of his sacks, 

O O O O O O O () o 
And this is lower down. 

Many people believe that the firm of 
Bryant & Stratton is slili m existence, and 
that various schools located throughout 
the country, which still fly the Bryant & 
Stratton flag, are actually under the per- 
sonal management of Brvant & Stratton, 
whereas Mr. Stratton, of tliat firm, died 
in 1867, and Mr. Bryant's interest in com- 
mercial schools has since that date been 
confined to the Bryant & Stratton school 
in Chicago. At the time oi Mr. Stratton's 
death and the consequent dissolution of the 

Phulu-Eiiyiaiwti from I'etirand-Ink Uopy. 

by one of the agents; and there are now- 
over 350 Remington Standard Typewriters 
and Caligraphs in use. It is stated that 
the sales of this month will largely exceed 
those of any former month, both in this 
city and State. There are a large number 
of young ladies learning to use them, and 
as a rule they make the best writers. — 
fiuUnuapolh Journal. 

IiiMCCt Underlakeriv. 

Nearly every one is familiar with the 
burying beetle, and many have, pej-haps. 

beetles set to work to bury it. Thev 
pushed out the dirt from beneath the 
body; then the male drove the female 
away, and worked alone for about five 
hours, turning the linnet around in a more 
convenient position, and occasionally 
mounting the body^to tread it down. 
After resting for an hour it proceeded, as 
before, alternately excavating and puUmg 
the bird from below, and then treading it 
down from above. It was buried by the 
end of the third day. In .^0 days the four 
beetles had buried four frogs, three small 

floral TIiuo-Plccc-M. 

Each flower, bird and insect has its ap- 
pointed time in the shifting panorama of 
beauty and music that stretches through 
the year. They perform their parts as 
regularly as actors in a play, all keeping 
well their places, and appearing only when 
the piece expects them. This accuracy ex- 
tends even to days and hours. The nat- 
uralist Thoreau said that if he were placed 
in the fields after a Rip Van Winkle sleep 
of unknown length he could tell the exact 
day of the year by the flowers around him. 
Other close observers of nature have 
claimed the same. Before mechanical 
clocks were common it was an ordinary 
habit to read the time of day in the flow- 
ers. Every blossom has its precise hour 
for unfolding its petals and. for shutting 
them. Although the light and tempera- 
ture affect these movements there is al- 
ways a strong effort made by the plant to 
keep its allotted time. Day flowers that 
are imprisoned in *darkness still follow 
their usual out-door hahita. Most flowers 
open at sunrise and close at sunset, but 
there is no hour of the 24 when some 
blossoms do not awaken, and there is 
none when some do not begin to sleep. 
This motion is generally gradual, but 
morning flowers open rapidly, and after- 
noon flowers close very rapidly. Linnteus, 
the father of modern Botany, constructed 
a flower clock which woxild tell the hours. 
The following list of opening times in 
taken from his arrangement, and has been 
corroborated by other authorities: 

S a. m Purple Convolvulus, 

S " FlordeNot. 

4 ■' Goat'fi-Beard. 

5 " Yellow Poppy. 

6 •' ....Spotted Cat's Eai-. 
6.30 " Sow Thistle. 

7 " Water-Lilies. 

7.80 " Venus's Looking-Glass. 

8 *' Scarlet Pimpernel. 

8.3G " Nolana. 

9 " Marigold 

9.30 "... Red Sandwort. 

10 " Fig-Marigold. 

11 " Lady Eleven-O'clock, 

13 m Blue Pasion Flower. 

2 p. ni Pink Pimpernel. 

4 " Lady of the Night. 

5 " . , , . . .Night-blooming Catt-hfly. 

6 " Marvel of Peru (Fom- oVlockl. 

7 " .White Evening Lychnis (Night- 

bloomiug Cereus.) 
—Harper's Touny Ffuplf. 

Tlif Dead N<-a. 

One of the most iut eres [ ing lakes or inland 
seas in the world is the Dead Sea, which 
has no visible outlet. It is not mere fancy 
that has clothed the Dead Sea in gloom'. 
The desolate shores, with scarcely a green 
thing in sight, and scattered over with 
black stones and ragged driftwoo'd, form 
a fitting frame for the dark, sluggish 
waters, covered with a perpetual mist, mid 
breaking in slow, heavy, sepulchial-toued 
waves upon the beach. It seems as if the 
smoke of the wicked cities wasyet ascending 
up to heaven, and as if the moan of their 

watched its operations. Noticing that 
dead moles and other small aniinak laid 
on the loose ground soon disappeared. 
Professor Gleditsch concluded to invest- 
igate the cause. Accordingly, he placed 
a mole in the garden, and on the morning 
of the third day found it buried some 3 
inches below the surface. Though won- 
dermg why this service was performed 

birds, two fishes, one mole, two 
hoppers, the entrails of a fish, an< 
morsels of the lungs of an ox. 


' George, do the ludi 

avel iu s 

ingle aie»" Husbaud- 

w but c 

ne. and he did." 

fearful sorrow would never leave that God- 
smitten valley. It is a strange thing to 
see those waves, not dancing along and 
sparkling in the sun, as other waves do, 
but moving with measured melancholy] 
and sending to the ear, as they break lan- 
guidly upon the rock, only doleful sounds, 
'ing to the great heavi- 
s experiment was more 

' -^ %tM^ ^^'^ V '"f jtffM^ 

satisfactory in its progress than iu its re- 
sults, which were a very unctuous skin 
and a most pestiferous stinging of every 
nerve, as if we had been beaten with 
nettles. Nor was the water wc took into 
our mouth a whit less vi\e than the most 
nauseous drugs of the apothecary. That 
fish caonot live in this strong solution of 
bitumen and salt is too obvious to need 
proof; but to say that birds cannot fly 
over it and live is one of the exaggerations 
of travelers, who perhaps were not, like 
ourselves, so fortunate as to see a flock of 
ducks reposing on the water in apparently 
good health. And yet this was all the 
life we did see. The whole valley wiis 
one seething cauldron, under more than a 
tropical sun. God-forsaken and man-for- 
saken, no green thing grows within it, and 
it remains to this day as striking a monu- 
ment of God's fearful judgments as when 
the fire from heaven devoured the once 
mighty cities of the plain. 

How the wintei-s aro di-iftiug like flakes of 

And the summer-like buds l)etweL'ii, 
And tbe yeai-s in* the sheaf, how they come and 

they go , 

Ou the i-iver's breast, with its ebb and its 

.■Vs it glides in the shadow and sheen. 

There's a magical isle up the river Time, 
Where the softest of airs are playing. 
There's a cloudless sky and a tropical clime. 
And a song as sweet as a vesper chime, 

And the June with the r 

There's a lute unswept and a neart without 

Tlieit) ai-e hands that are waved from the faiiy 

By the fitful mirage he lif te<l in air, 
.A,ndf we sometimes hear through the turbulent 

Hweet voices we heard In the days gone bv- 

When the wind down the river was fair. 

And when t 

And our eyes ai-e closiug in slumbeii> awhile, 
May the greenwood of soul be in si^l. 




James Hodge continues to sell burying 
crepes, ready made; and his wife's niece 
dresses dead corpses at as cheap a rate as 
was formerly done by her aunt, having 
not only been educated by her, but per- 
fected in Edinburgh, from whence she 
lately arrived with all the newest and best 
fu-ibions for the dead. 

Habits ol the Loon, tlie Great 
Northern Diver. 

From the article on "Bird SIusic " by 
Simeon Pease Cheney in the November 
Century we quote the following: "The 
loon is not a singer, but his calls and 
shoutings exhibit so great a variety of 
vocal qualities that 

consider him 
"ber of Nature's orchestra. 
In the summer of 1887 I spent a few 
weeks on the borders of Trout Lafte, St. 
Lawrence County, N. Y. This beautiful 
little island-dotted lake, some three miles 
long, has been inhabited for years by 
three or four pairs of loons. There they 
lay their eggs and rear their young, and 
there I found a good opportunity to study 
them. On one occasion a small party of 
us discovered a nest. When we were yet 
a good way off the wary sitter slid from 
-^ight into the water, darted along beneath 
our boat, and was far into the lake before 
she came to the surface. The nest, simply 
a little cavity in dry muck, was on the 
ruins of an old muskrat house, not more 
than 8 or lO inches above the water. 
There were two very dark eggs in it — 
never more than two are found in the nest 
of the loon — nearly as large as those of a 

The time of sitting, as I was informed, 
is four weeks. Wilson says of the loons 
that " they light upon their nests," but a 
careful obser\'er, who had several times 
seen the female make her way from the 
water to her nest, told me that thev shove 

themselves to it on their breasts, very 
much as they push themselves in the 
water. I was also informed that the 
young are never fed upon the nest, but 
are taken to the water on the back of the 
mother, where they remain and are 
fed for a time, and then are launched 
upon the waves for life. At this age 
one can row up to them nud take Them 
in the hand, which they delight in giving 
hard nips with their long and limber 
bills, but when a mouth old they seem an 
wild and cunning as their ])arents. 

Flnseri*} Teeth and Breath. 

A young ludy from Walnut Ilills, Ohio, 
takes Mr. Packard to task in the " Cosmo- 
politan Shorthander, " for requiring his 
model "girl amanuensis" to have clean 
fingers, white teeth and a sweet breath, on 
the ground that girls do sometimes have 
"disordered stomachs" and "deranged 
livers," in spite of themselves, and more- 
over, when a girl is "compelled to sit by the 
hour taking the dictations of an employer 
whose breath is foul with tobacco and 
whisky," it is quite too much to expect 
her to return only sweetness. This may 
be all true, little Buckeye, but you quite 
lose the point of Mr. Packard's suggestions. 
Unfortunately, as a rule, the girl amanu- 

of the Home Journal little thought that 
the newspapers of his own country would 
be using thousands of forest trees daily to 
satisfy the demands of millions of rcadeni. 
In home affairs, the probable depletion of 
our American forests should be kept in 
', and paper-making wood owght not 

How iH this, Brother Pclrevf 

An exchange says that when the city 
coimcil of Keokuk proposed to buy cyclo- 
pedias for use in the public schools, one 
member, an alderman, was opposed to it, as 
he "did not believe the scholars could 
ride the blamed things." 

A CcleNllal Cltv .%Uoat. 

At Canton, China, some 2.^0,000 people 
live continuously upon boats, and many 
never step foot on shore from one year's 
end to another. The young children have 
a habit of continually falling overboard, 
and thus cause a great deal of trouble in 
effecting a rescue, while in many instances 
this is impossible, and a child is drowned. 
China is an over-populated counti7 and 
the Chinese have profited by this drowning 
proclivity iu reducing the svu'plus popula- 
tion. They attach floats to the male chil- 

ensis gets her place and her salary from a 
iiKi/i who is wilUng to g^ve her the one and 
able to give her the other, and who has 
the privilege of choice in matters of taste. 
As between two girls, the one having clean 
hands, white teeth and a sweet breath, and 
the other being too busy looking after her 
sluggish liver to give proper attention to 
cleanliness, the "na^ty man" would be 
most likely, other things being equal, to 
take the former; and then the latter might 
not get to be a " girl amanuensis '" at all. 
That was what Mr. Packard meant. 

Nefvspaper Trotu the Log;. 

In reading a daily newspaper, says the 
Stationer, one can scarcely realize the in- 
gredients that enter ioto the composition 
of the material on which it is printed. 
The general conclusion is, that a sheet of 
paper is made of rags, ground into pulp, 
ana then mixed with ingredients sufliricnt 
to get the requisite quality and thickness. 
Away back in the "forties" such was the 
case, and there are many printers and 
paper-makers now living who will testify 
to the fact, especially ns regards news- 
paper stock, AH this has changed, and 
at present there is scarcely a particle of 
cotton fiber used in its manufacture. Con- 
siderable wood pulp is yet imported from 
Germany and France, but our American 
forests furnish an abundance for our 
wants. Almost all the great daily papers 
are now printed from this material. 
When the gifted Morris sang " Wood- 
man, spare that tree," the associate editor 

dren so that they can be fished out when 
they tumble into the river. The females 
are without such protection, and arc usu- 
ally left to drown — such accidents being 

All Expert AmanuonHlM. 

"So, young man, you think you can 
use the type-writer and write short-band, 
do youi Well, how fast can you work?" 

"U'm," began the youth, modestly. 
"If you'l pour a quart of oil over the 
mactunc, I'll show you what I can do with 
it. In regard to short-hand, I make it 


of the speake 

r five minutes ahead 

, but if you wish ." 

ged on the spot. 

Miss Travis — You have had at least 
dozen offers of marriage, ha 
Belle? Miss De Smith— Yes, I suppose 

Miss Travis — And refused them all? Miss 
De Smith— Yes, Miss Travis. Miss Travis 
— What makes you so obstinate and fool- 
ish, BelleC Miss De Smith— Oh, I sup- 
pose it is an old motto tliat I used * 

school: " ho} 

my copy-book i 
Burlintjton Free Pre» 


LoNo MEA81TRE.— Ten mills make one 
cent, 10 cents make one dime, 10 dimes 
buy a full gross of Ames' Best Pens, every 
one warranted. Let the American eagle 

P ractical Teachers and Penr 
joniM R. carni!:ll. 

The features of the picture given here- 
with will be recognized by hosts of hU 
friends as those of John R. Carnell, Prin- 
cipal of the Albany Busincs.s College, one 
of the best known business educators in 
this country. Born in Troy, he spent his 
early life there, and at the age of 18 
took a commercial course in the Bryant & 
Stratton College. Ilia special ability in 
the line of business education showed 
itself so plainly that iva soon as he gradu- 
ated he was engaged as teacher, and be- 
fore he was of age he purchased the col- 
lege, and thenceforth devoted himself 
to business college work. 

Mr. Carnell was one of the original 18 
who at Buffalo in 1807, after the disin- 
tegration of the "Bryant tfe Stratton 
Chain of Colleges," united to form the 
International Business College Associa- 
tion. Mr. Carnell was the youngest mem- 
ber of that group, among such men as 
Packard, of New York; Sadler, of Balti- 
more; Bryant, of Chicago; Williams, of 
Rochester; Spencer, of Milwaukee; Fel- 
ton, of Cleveland, and others well known. 

For ten years Mr. Carnell successfully 
conducted the Troy College, but incessant 
work told upon him and he was obliged 
to give up. A complete rest, spent in 
travel and study, restored his health, and 
in the spring of 1884 he returned to his 
congenial calling, purchasing a half .in- 
terest in the Albany Business College and 
entering into partnership with Prof. C. E. 
Carhart, under the firm name of Carnell & 
Carhart. To his work here he brought 
tlie courage and "push" which have al- 
ways distinguished him, and almost from 
the date of his connection with it the 
Albany Business College leaped into 
prominence and fast outgrew the already 
increased accommodations provided by 
the new firm. A new building was de- 
cided upon, and a four-story double-front 
edifice erected especially for the college 
is now the pride of Mr. Camell's heart 
and the joy of the college students and 
professors. His rejoicing at the comple- 
tion of this greatest enterprise of his life 
was shadowed by the sudden death, in 
November, 1887, of Professor Carhart, his 
partiHT. witli whom his relations had been 
iif u iiHiat delightful character. Saddened 
liy this shock Mr. Carnell nevertheless 
toiik tip the added burden and has with 
wiilclirul efficiency piloted the college on 
|i> increasing numbers and elficiencv- 
During the past summer he associated with 
hiiiis.lf Prof. S, D. Gutchess to aid him 
in the college work. 

The ]TIau to Fire Your Bad 
WrltiuK At. 

Perry Jones, the Superintendent of tlu- 
Dead Letter Department of the New York 
Post Office, has just recovered from a se- 
vere illness, which prostrated him for sev- 
eral weeks, He is familiar with the writ- 
ings of every language except the Chinese 
and Arabic. To decipher the characteriT 
of the Mongolians and Arabians who send 
missives to this country he has a special 
assistant. Some of the work of elucidation 
which Jones accomplislies is absolutely 
marvelous. The foreign letters arc not 
necessarily the most difficult to decipher. 
The hair-clutchere are mainly those whicli 
come from Pennsylvania Dutchmen, who 
apparently write with plowshares and in 
that peculiar vernacular of their own 
which has ever created a feeling of pro- 
found awe in the minds of the most en- 
thusiastic linguists. Jones says that he 
ascribes his success in discovering the in- 
tent of apparently illegible writers to the 
fact that he endeavors to put himself in 
the place of the writer, and tries to imag- 
ine now he, if writing to New York, and 
ignorant of writing und spelling and lo- 
calities, would attempt to express himself. 
He has been in the post office 20 years, 
and lor one-half that time in his present 
position. He is talked of for the superin- 

Penmans Art Journal 

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taking subscriptic 

New York, February, 1889. 

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The BEStTLT of our flourishf-d specimen 
prize competition is given elsewhere. We 
were quite prepared for a warm response 
from our friends, but the vohune of letters 
culled out astonished us. There is murh 
food for serious reflection by peuiiien iu 
the details of the voting givc-u. The brief 
extracts from letters show how different 
artists will come to widely different con- 
clusjoDS from the same premises. Every- 
body knows how doctors will disagree, 
and penmen, without tmy doubt, have 
that much in commou with them. Brother 

Moore ought to be a proud mau, and ^u 
ought Brother Zacer and Brother Scho- 
field — and doubtless they all are. On one 
thing every one is agreed ; The specimens 
are uniformly elegant, and either of them 
would be a credit to any artist. 

So widespread has been the interest 
taken in this competition that The Jouu- 
NAL is considering arraugiug another on 
even a broader scale. We shall think the 
matter over carefully, and probably have 
something further to say in point next 
month. Nothing is so stimulating and 
productive of improvement as a good, 
healthy competition. 

Next month we shall show some very 

neat business letters. .We hope, too, 

in the next issue to be able to begin the 

printing of some of the papers and essays 

f r which prizes were offered. So many 

ntributions were received in this line 

1 at the work of handling them has been 

cessarily slow. We have papers from 

me of the foremost penmanship special- 

ts in the country, and it is safe to promise 

that no series of articles that ever ap- 

I ared in a penman's paper has been so 

nprehensive or gi-asped the whole sub- 

j t of penmanship instruction so fully as 

h it which we shall print as the outcome 

I uur prize competitions. 

While on the subject we may say that 
me very elaborate and beautiful flour- 
hed specimens submitted for competition, 
hich in merit fall little below those al- 
dy printed, will appear in The Jodh- 

We shall esteem it a great favor ou 

he part of any friend who may put \ia in 

he way of securing copies of The Journal 

f last November. We are willing to 

change any other number for that one, 

buy them at ten cents each, or to give 

y of our pen premiums in even exchange 

f them. Even a single copy will be 

glidly received. 

Hehi-j is 

.111 Thomas Powers, Watertown, N. Y.. 
hich we hasten to act upou: 

[ would like to see published in Toe 
J URNAL a list of the cities of the United 
S ates in which special teachers of pen- 
minship are employed; also the salaries 
p id in each. If a notice were published 

The JounxAL requesting teachers to send 
the names of such I think it would 
b complied with. 

Any infoi-m-ition in the line indicated 
w U be gladly received. It, of course, 
hould be as explicit as possible, with the 
mber of special teachers and their ad- 
1 esses, if practicable, A compilation of 
his character might open avenues of 
p otitable employment for many penman- 
hip teachers. 

The responses to oin- circulars seeking 
foimation about business colleges have 
n t been as general as we could wish. We 
1 ve about a hundred answers, but it is 
he other two hundred that we are an.\ious 
bout. New blanks will be sent on appli- 
tion. This is an undertaking of the 
greatest interest to the profession and we 
hope it will be encouraged. 

We have been using Barnes' Jet 
Black Ink in our office recently and And 
it tl) be a very satisfactory article. This 
is. au enterprising house, and everything 
that it handles is lirst class. The new 
Barnes National Pens are no exception. 
You can test their merits yourself by 
sending ten cents to the firm (address on 
the outside page of this paper) for an 
unique sample card of pens, showing ten 

The recent addition of the Gazette 
subscription lists to those of The Journal 
naturally caused some friction, especially 
in the cases of those who were on both 
lists, and entailed a large amount of extra 

hibor on our working force. The diffi- 
culty increased when our secretary was 
taken suddenjy and seriously ill. A few 
days later the head subscription and 
mailing clerk was also taken ill. That 
was some weeks ago, and neither has yet 
been able to resume his duties. At the 
same time wc were suddenly deprived ot 
the services of our general superintendent, 
to say nothing of the office boy. It would 
be difficult to imagine a chain of much 
more adverse circumstances, and the hand- 
ling of our business has suffered some- 
thing iu consequence. The mail parcels 
received daily at The Journal office at 
this season range anywhere from 100 to 
500. The letters and parcels sent out are 
about the same. Our friends must appre- 
ciate the difficulty of handling this busi- 
ness with practically a green force. 

We consider this explanation necessary, 
as during the past month we have been 
behind with our orders. Many subscribers 
also complain of not haviug received their 
paper last month, or of having received it 
very late. This number is also a little 
late from the same cause. We are now 
even with the business again and every- 
thing is going smoothly. 

. Tua CLOSING installment of our "Across 
the Continent " Series was crowded out 
of this number. It will be printed next 
month. The grand Yellowstone Park will 
furnish the inspiration. 

School and Personal. 


gone to Chicago to instruct the students of 
Bryant's Business College in the mysteries of 
the chirograpluc art, Piei'son has won his 
spurs as a teacher and a writer by years of de- 
voted service, and is in all respects qualified to 
become director of so important b branch of 
study in one of the foremost schools of com- 
mercial training in the world. 

— After a 15 yeai-s' connection with the 
Zauesville, Ohio, Business College as student, 
teacher, principal and joint proprietor, Prof. 
H. B. Pai-soDs severs his eounection with that 
institution, aud on April 1 will open the Na- 
tional Business. University, at Columbus, Ohio. 
He is a thoroughly capable instructor, a. mas- 
ter of his art, aud Ls bound to meet with suc- 

— This is from the Clippn; Burlington. Vt., 
of January a; •" Rvnn';' Bn-siness College, 
Burlington, opem-il \V.ilni"l;i\ , alter the hoU- 
day vacation, uiHi -m iiiiii -il attendance. 
E. G. Evans, tlii- )iMiiiipal, is ;i tliurough and 
practical busiiii.'«- man, and duruig the time he 
has be».'U coiiuecteil with the institution (some 
five years) be has greatly added to its facilities 
and usefulness, until now it ranks with the 
best business colleges in the comiti-y. Its in- 
creasing number of students attests the fact 
that it is being so recognized. A special 
teacher is in charge of the Shorthand Depart- 
ment. We can heartily recommend it to all 
seeking a business coui-se." 

— We have received a handsome engi'aving 
sho^ving the beautiful buildings of the Morrell 
Institute, late the College of Art and Com- 
merce, Johnstown, Pa. The attendance at 
this institution now exceeds ^0, and is fast 
growing. Messrs, Bennett & Greer are the 
entei-prising proprietoi-s. 

— J. M. Wade, Emlenton, Pa., repoi-ts very 
gratifyuig success iu imparting penmanship 
■ instruction by correspondence. He advertises 
in The Journal. 

— The graduating exercises of the Sacra- 
mento, Cal.. Business College occurred on 
January 4. The Btudeucs wei-e addressed by 
Hon. M. M. Estee, of San Francisco, nationally 
knonm as the presiding officer of tlie National 
KepubUcan Convention at Chicago last summer. 

— Johnson & Osborn say they are exceeding 
tbeu' expectations in the att'Cndanco of their 
Business University, Buffalo, N. Y. They 
issue an extremely neat college paper and gen- 
eral circulai- literature in keeping. 

— Crandle writes us that the Northern Illi- 
nois Normal School, at Dixon, has passed 
through a year of unexampled prosperity, with 
brightest prospects for the future. 

— A pushing man is G. Bixler, of Wooster, 
Ohio. He makes money on both bis scliool and 
publications. If you should ask him to tell you 

— A < ■ \\ . i.h i-.ii, - ;i ciri'iilar of his Nash- 
ville, Tctuj , i,,ii,_', In Imth artistic and 
business-like. \\\?bl. isoue of the real artists 
of the profes:iiun. 

— A miniature brochure from E. M. Char- 
tier's Texas Busmess College, Paris, Tex., is ex- 
ceptionally attractive ui its arrangement and 

<' <I an elaborate aud 
(IU forth the advan- 
- ( 'ollege. Sti-atfoi-d, 

s shown In the ( 

— E. J, Kneitl. of Stratford, Ont, has given 
up the profession of penmanship to enrage in 
jomnalism. In coimectjon with Mayor Butler, 
of that city, he is conducting the Stratford 

you failed to do. Any eraser will damage the 
surface of a highly polished board. We know 
of no better eraser than sponge rubber care- 
fully handled. 

—The Stockton, California, Business College 
and Normal Institute is in its 14th year of 
sful operation. Ti-ask & " " 

J etoi-s, sav their Drosiiccts 

quantity and (|iiality, 

— C. H, GorsUne, a graduate of the State 
Normal School, Albany, and for four yeais 

and au admirable [wnraon, is gettmg exceUeut 

(• Spen- 


gage<i r.. i,in,,~\, ■, |„ „ ii|r-h ■,! i..n f..r the 

perience us an aichiteLt, added to his skill with 
the pen, is gaining for him deserved honors. 

—Prof. B. F. Kelley, of Thk Journal staff 
recentlv received froiii his iienuiaiiship clnsj; iu 

the BroLikIp] i.^nuii- Hil;1i Sr) I a iii/l-.hl' 


— The mcrease of oui- mail by several thousand 
letters dm-ing the post month on account of the 
voting ou our prize-flourished specimens, added 
to the normal increase for the busy season, 
makes it impoiisiblo for us to notice uue-twen- 
tieth of the handsome lettei's aud spe<-imens 
that have been received. We wdl take up u 
few that are most convenient at hand : 

— C. N. Fault, Sioux City, Iowa., sends a 
very pretty biid-flourish, SodoesG.L Gnllick- 
son, Disou. HI. ; J. A. Conover, Owenville, 
Ohio, and C. G. Fechner, New Berlin, Texas. 
The latter also sends cards and various speci- 
mens, all creditable. 

—An unique conceit in the way of pen draw- 
ing and semi-flom-ishiug is from Clarence K. 
Chase, of the Hiawatha, tCan,, Business Cul 

— L, E. Lelane, Beatrice, Neb., iit respousible 
for a set of orderly capitals, a number of smooth- 
ly executed siguatm'es and a fair bird. He U 
a promising young penman. 

— From J, T. Perry, a Mtudent of the Iowa 
Commercial College, Davenport, we havesome 
neatly executed cards unda nice set of Italian 
capitals. The be*-t set of Italian capitals re- 
ceived during the month is from the pen of A. E. 
Pai-sons, of Wilton Junction, Iowa. He sub- 
mil^ another set of capitals of unique design. 

—A model business letter comes froiu v. . u. 
F. Brown. Auburn, R. L It was intended for 
our prize competitions, but was received too 

G, p. Adams, who forgot to give his ad- 
dress, is the author of two sets of business 
capitals— one particularly deser\-ing of note — 
which have found their way to our desk. 

— \V. M.Wnpner. penman, High Point, N. C, 
aeiiAs a very regular and stylish set of capitals 
and small lettei-s. Various exercises are sub- 
niitt«Ml by J. P. Howard. Bagswell, Tex. They 
ore the work of himself and his pupils. 

—We have not seen a prettier letter in many 
u day than one which tx)mes from Miss Anna 
E. Hill, conductor of penmanship in the public 
schools of Springfield, Mass. The wi-itiug is 
chaste, cleai'-cut and elegant in form and 
quality of line. 

— Uniamentnl specimens in the line of flour- 
ishing come from J. D. Briant, Raceland, La., 

point. During this pt'i-i&d he used au 
holder, but at length came to the conclusion 
that the straight artiae was the better, and 
adopted it, at the same time modifying his 
views somewhat as to the coii-ect writing 

represent his present ideas, ar.d they are much 
better than the othere. 

— Some very handsome specimens of color 
work with an automatic pen come from S. T. 
Grier, Bamesville, Ohio, He submits at the 
some time commeudation of his work by those 
well*kno"ii i» ii iirti-ts. I'liah McEee. Oberliu, 
Ohio, aij. 

—In tl 
New Ha' 


II' I , t iihinibuB, Ohio. 
.1UI..-ML1L:. C. H. Blakslt*. 
, -iii.K us photogi'aphs of 
pieces. One of them was 
Oermany, and bears a portrait of 
the late Genuan Emperor, " Unser Fritz." All 
of the work is very good. "W. J. Elliott, pen- 
man of the Central Business College, Stratford, 
Ont., sends specimens a photograph of an orig- 

uti-s siniH- capitals and exercLses. togethei 
a WTitten letter, which speak well for his skill 
—The letters received from the following 
show them to be excellent jiemnen: 

Kuu. , J . M. Adaiua 

Coraly S. L. Lobb, 

few days a^o a lady, who is tejiching i 

ml, "Take the 

D, L. Hart, 

Want to Exchange Specimens. 

EditokokTiik .loUIlNAI,; 

. \i-liville, 

I am with Mr. Morriss in regurd to e.x- 

chnnging specinieus. The hist number of 

\ N : I'oris 

The Jouknal is immense.— .1. J. Dal- 

M,-~ <ollege. 

njmyJf, Firrt Smith, Art. 

Editor op The Joobnal; 

When you publish a list of those pen- 
men who would like to exchange speci- 

f,«i/ /*•,,.,....... 

\ in I 


/ f 


^^ ' <[ k\^)?-Ki n \ 

@ mm 

(men K (Photo-Emjrueed) Hubmitted for Conipelilwn 
Other Cut is Liketvige Shmon Elsewhere in this Issue. 
13 X 18 Inches.) 

and Clareiii'e E. Oruisby, Stafford .Springs, 

—We shall show in au early number of The 
JoiTRNAL a pretty piece of ornamental work 
from the pen of the popular young artist. A. E. 
Dewhm-st, Utica. Dewhurst has excellent 
taste, is a hard worker, and will be heard from 
us one of the leaders in this line. Send for his 

— W. F. Maitin. Lone, Kbu,, sends capitals 
and automatic specimen^). 

—.A. handsomely engraved ornamental busi- 
ness cord comes from Robert Philip, Sacra- 
mento. Cal.. and represents his work. 

— \'arious exercises are submitted by Frank 
Hall. Kane, Pa. J. M. Wade, Emienton, Pa., 
!>«'iids us a^ proof of a set of capitals engraved 
white on black. Both the writing and the en- 
graving ai^ executed by himself and the work 
is altogether ci-editable. 

— We have a numbei* of exercises from A, J, 
Smith, Anamoaa, Iowa. Some of them show 
what he calls bis "purely muscular" style, 
which he informs us he spent a great deal of 
time in tr>-ing to bring up to a satisfactory 

iiial design by himself, which is particularly 
strong in its lettering. Another specimen in 
land is from the facile pen of E. L. Buraett, of 
Slowell's B. & S. Business College, Pi-ovidence, 
R. I. Burnett is thoughtful enough to rein- 
force this contribution with a striking photo- 
graph of himself, for which remembrance we 
m*e duly mindful. D. L. Stoddard, a promising 
young penman of Emporia, Kau,, likewise 
sends us a portrait representing himself in the 
attitude of exhibiting a framed piece of en- 

— T. J. Risiu^er, of the Utica Buslnem College, 
send* his compliments in a beautiful Christ- 
nuis salutation. 

—William Robinson. Washogo, Canada, con- 
tributes to our Sci-ap Book a variety of speci- 
mens, including a set of business capital-s, 
carfls and flom-ishes, all of which show liim i.. 
be a clever penman. A creditable bird tl^nn-li 
l>ears the name of J. F. Cozart. E(i]|.mj m 
Kan.; another that of A. Garvin, of iJarMii- 
Business College, Indianapolis. .Still other 
flourishes come from S. B. Will>ert. Andover, 
Ohio, and E. C. Wiles. Ong, Xeb., the latter 
who says be is only i^ years old also contrib- 

XI. .cujiir. , uuu. <ix.«;. , *a. , **. A. Howani, 
Rockland, Me., Business College; J. P. Byi'ue, 
■Jamestown, N. Y., Business College; G. W. 
Wallace, Secretaiy of the Wilmington, Del.. 
Commercial College (a particularly beautiful 
letter); A. H. Knapp, Weetfield, Pa.; Emma 
P. Ki-iekc, Crow's Landing. Cal. : F. O. Steele, 
Cambridge. Ohio. 


Lltlle Laie In Cieltlnt: In Typf, but 
too Good to be Loot. 

A. //. Hinman. Worcester, Mass.— I am 
1 i-eeeipt of cards announcing the matri- 

The (ij 
liilhi'ily privilet 

nanli-il Firnl Pri. 

uieua of penmanship according to H. K- 
Morrisa' article in The Joitukal, I wiah 
you would put my name on the list, too. 
— C, a. Ftrfmrr, AViy Berlin. Tur.ig. 


The plan Mr. Morriss upcaks of lia.-* been 
in my mind for some time, and if writing 
would be acceptable to any of the pro- 
fessionals I would be glad to have my name 
on the exchange list, and think at lea^t 
myself would be benefited by so doing. 
—D. C. liugy, An-hlhald Bum. Cal., M!u- 

a. L. Onllickson, Dixon. HI., ami J. P. 
Byrne, Jamestown, N. Y., Bus, Coll., also 
write to have their names put on the list. 

(Tlie writers of the above are all good 
penmen, as shown by their letters. Other 
parties wishing to exchange specimens 
may have their names enrolled by writing 
to the Editor of the Jouunal, j 


IContriljutions for tliis Department muy be 
wldreAed to IJ. F. KKi.i.ET.offlw nf the Pen- 
man's Aht JouBSAi^ Briff e»hioalionRl items 


The Turkisl) Oovemment has forbidden the 
Moslem children to attend Christian schools in 

The freshman class at Oxford numbers 652. 
At Cambridge there are 862 freshmen. 

A charter ha^ been ^nted to Rutgers 
Female College empowermg it to confer the 
usual college degrees. 

Only Ifl high schools of lown pay their prin- 
cipals »1200 or over, and of these ten fulfiD the 
duty of city principal or superintendent. 

Greek is no^ longer a compulsory subject for 


The schoi.t census shows there are (W.iJftJ 
children or s,.|i.-.i «._-.■ in potrnit, of whom only 

audtbeivii. < 1 

p ■. !,,|..., :<\\ out 

In tlic |.. 
meutiutli. i> 

;„ .,,,:,: v,;,i:;t 

In the South ' 
cbildrai fi<'< 
wliil.. tl,. ni. t. 

';■„, ,;'.,„;:,;,:,'„ 

I"'' '■'■!" . ■""' ' 

<■ imica^a of expoii 


■ opicsof the "En 
tiiiiiura" that have 

grinned and rubbed his back with intinite pa- 
thos as he gazed at Solomon's rod, blossoming 
in leafless grimness over the teacher's desk,— 


A whiskey glass is frequently a cough-hic- 

" This isa backward spring," said the young 
lady, as she tuijusted the wireis of her bustle. — 
Boston Burlget. 

Gallagher should be a mail agent, because 
there is so much " letter go " about him. — Netv 
Orleans Picasfu, 

The Russian 
Czar. That'! 

old Czardine. — t^ck. 

There is only the diffei-ence of an s Iwtween 

$iau law prohibits joking about the 
it's why no one in Russia ever refei-s 


There are two things a woman will always 
jump at — a conclusion and a mouse. 
"A City Hall bootblack is the son of a wealthy 
Oneida County farmer. The father believes in 
making hay while the son shines. — Puck. 

Then' is some chance that a yoimg house- 
]<< ■ ]:■ I '- Hr-r -I" ill.-.' nke will he light andairy 

— Numbei- 1. volume 1, of the Business 
CoUegi' GuUlr, St. Thomas, Ontario, is on our 
table. It is a bright little eight-page paper, 
edited by Messi-s. Phillips & Carl, proprietors 
of the College. 

—The SoittfuTii Penman is the name of the 
new jom-nal published by L. R. Walden, of 
the Austin, Tex., Business College. We tnist 
that the genial promotor of the enterprise will 
reaUze large dividends. 

—The Practical Educator from the Osca- 
loosa, Iowa, Business College, is a well-printed 
compilation of entertaining matter. 

—From Johnson & Osbom's Buffalo Busi- 
ness University we have the Business Educa- 
tor, a large 12-page pa[>er, beautifully printed, 
and thoughtfully edited. Some plates of Mr. 
Osbom's handsome pen work are submitted. 
It— The Synoplic of the Richmond, Ind., Busi- 
ness College, has some pretty penwork, by W. 
H. Shrawder. the penman of the school. The 
paper is attractive throughout. O. E. Ful- 
ghum is at the head of the faculty. 

— The Spencerian News from the Spencerian 
College, Cleveland, Ohio, is a new paper, and 
an uncommonly neat and pretty one. Alfred 

— Bixler's vigorous youngster, the People's 

becomes a law unto himself because of imdei' 
tanding the reasons for his processes. 

— Mr, Henry Cleiivs' book, " Twenty-eight 
Pears in Wall Street." has been talked' of for 

pioneers of civilization, the railroads, and thus 
elevating the country to an international posi- 


PoUU Republican. 

If you have a problem that you 
can't work out go to a druggist. He 
can always give you a solution. — 
Texas SijHngs. 

Teacher — " How do you pro- 
nounce Heliogabalus ?" 

Boy— "I hate to speak of him. 
sir;hewojisucha monster."— rim f. 

Stranger—" May I ask what your 

Tally-ho Driver {in a college town) 
— " Uh, I coach the students." — 
tiurlinijhin Free Pi-ess. 

Teachei- — " And when the prodi- 
gal son's father found that his eon 
was lost to him, what did be do? — ■ 

Willie, you may answer." 

Willie — "Advertised. " — A merica 

It has been noticed that a girl who has grad- 

s trying to bring 

P^nwork Executed by J. A. IVesco, of the Ptjrtland, Ch-egon, Bw 

t College. Phofo-Engraved, 

like other v 
The infant-class teacher \ 

out the fact that David w , .. 

The question was asked: 

a who plays 

" What do you call a i 
Ine youngster quickly ai 

' An Italian. 

Then a new topic 

Teacher — " If yoi 
you will never cbmb the ladder of "fame! 

Bad boy — " I don't want to." 

Teacher—" Why not? " 

Bad boy— " 'Cause the girls would laugh at 
the uatohes on my panta before I got half-way 
up tn© ladder."- .4»-co?a Record. 

Teacher—" If electricity with a velocity of 
050,000 miles per second requires ten seconds 

Scholar (interi-upting)- " Give it up. I'm no 
s reported in this 

placing a bent pin on the seat of another. Tin 
''uni-ising" is said to have been painful, bm 
of ?bort duration.— itfornsf own Herald. 

'WTjat game do you scholars play the 

per's Bmzi 

President—" Yes, Mr. Snapper, the faculty 
have decided that you have broken the rules 
and there is no course for us but to susijend 

Student — ■• H'm; how about suspending the 

"Give an example," said Miss Longbirch 
" of the generation of heat by coucuision f " 
And JolmBy Weepmuch said nothing, but 

and became so interested that be forgot to 
breathe and died.— ii/*. 
"Was the baby bruised at all when it fell mto 


" Not the slightest; it was soft water, y( 
know." — Judge. 

Boss (to new dry goods clerk)—" Your nam 
sir ' I forget" 

Clerk— "Mr. Wurms." 
1^ Boss— ^Ahl^go in the tape department." 

can be bought for a song. 
Charlie—" 1 never sing," 
He — " I see Miss Jones is back from Paiis." 
She (a spirited rival)—" I noticed ber dress 

was cut rather low, but I didn't suppose you 

could see her back fmm that distance."— r^xos 

Sif tings. 

Exchange Counter 

—The College Star, Hiram, Ohio, is a very 
considerable twinkler. 

— Heald'a B\isiness College Journal, San 
Francisco, is as crisp and vigorous as ever. 

—A. E. Pm-sons is giving his friends a veiy 
spicy paper in the Normal, Wilton Junction, 

—There is a great deal to interest intelligent 
people iu the Pacific Business College Review, 
San Fi-ancisco. It is edited by T. A. Robinson, 
M. .\., President of the flourisiiing college, 

—The Day Book, from Drake's Jei-sey Busi- 
nesi College, is compact, pithy and typograph- 
ically excellent. 

Writing Teacher, Wooster, Ohio, bears the 
impress of its proprietor's indomitable energy. 
Its new heading is a decided improvement. 

—The students of the Atchison, Kan., Bust 
uess College, pubUsh and edit a very creditable 
monthly paper called the College Review. 

—Our neighbor, the Office, iW Duane 
street, New York, has ari-anged thi-ee com- 
petitions in practical accounting, and offei-s 
$500 in prizes. The scheme speaks volumes f or 
Ihe enterprise of the directoi-s of this valuable 
publication. It is fully elaborated iu the De. 
cumber issue, which you may get by sending 
ten cents to the address above. 

—Messrs. John C. Buckb(«& Co., publishers, 
122-I-i4 Wabash avenue, Chicago, favor us with 
a copy of the new "Standard Bookkeeping," 
by Ira Mayhew, of Deti-oit. This new book 
presents a well-gi'aded, thorough coui-se of 
business study, comprising a wide range of 
work, from the simplest manner of keeping ac- 
counts lor farmers, mechanics ami, 

ire easy, ,„t,t', a„.l lull of 
The student is led U. compre- 
hend thoroughly the principles upor which the 
science is based. These are at one*' applied iu 
solving examples for practice and in writing 
up sets of business transactions. The learner 
thus masters and enjoys his work from the 
beginning, advances rapidly in it, and soon 

on in trade and commerce unprecedented iu 
s progress in the history of any other natiou. 
he book has nearly 800 pages, and manir 

What is True Learning? 

Editor of The Jo 

True learning doe.s not consist, as many 
schools now make it consist, iu the knowl- 
edge of languages but in a knowledge of 
those things to which language gives niiniCN. 

The Greeks were a learned people, yet 
spoke no language but their own. luHtead 
of languages their schools taught science 
and philosophy, and it is iu the things 
science and philosophy teach that learning 

Nearly all scientific learning came from 
the Greeks. All that was once resident 
iu the dead langunges, that may be cou- 
siiiered useful knowledge, is now given in 
till- livimj- liinLniacrt-s — hcnce, dead lan- 
LMiiji - Id IJ- h Hill the time spent iu 
I, III, I J Mi I I iMiir them is thrown 
ivv I, I I litiuld be abolished. 

Till' li' I iii-ii.i-i- ili> not create knowl- 
edge, iiiid iirc'iioluii^.T the best means of 
communicating it. Their pronunciation 
is unknown. Even the presidents and 
professors iu our Universities are more 
ignorant of the Greek and Latin languages 
than the illiterate peasants of olden times. 

True learning should consist in scientific 
practical knowledge. New Era. 

The opeu text in this lesson is made with 
II double-pointed pen and rapidly, as per 
instructions in lesson ten. It is not neces- 
sary to close the points in the principles 
with the double- pointed pen, as they can- 
not easily be made perfect. 

('lose them, and draw the lines across 
the broad end of the strokes with a com- 
mon pen. To put on the shading turn 
the letters bottom side from you, and com- 
mence with the heavy lines at the base. 
The shading on "Richard's" is done 
with white ink, and the position of lettei-s 
should be the same iis in shading the open 
ones. If gold in,k is used the effect win 
be very rich. The omament^jtion around 
these names is done with the forearm 
movement, holding the pen as in writing, 
excepting, of course, the little touches 
like °. 

Two styles of figures are given, appro. 
l)riate for German test or Old English. 
No pencil outlining should be used in any 
of this work. In our next lesson we will 
nore elaborate lettering. 

The Ancient Copyist. 


The introduction of the type-writer has 
driven the ancient copyist entirely out of 
existence. Before modern mechanical in- 
genuity devised this means of overcoming 
the deficiencies of bad handwriting there 

sides. Altogether, the copyist in a large 
theater had his hands full throughout the 
season. Independent of the theater were, 
also, men who had made a trade of copy- 
ing plays, legal documents and manu- 
scripts for publication. That there was 
nuite a number of these might be inferred 

alteied all this. There is a type- writer's 
desk in every hotel office, and type-writ- 
ing establishments all over town. Tou 
now have your manuscript converted into a 
book even before it goes to the printer's 
hands. Indeed, there are publishers in 
this city who send manuscripts to the type- 


Photo Engraved from Pen-and-ink Copy by H. W. Kibbe, and Presented in llh 
of his Lesson on this Page. This Cut is Repeated from Last Issue, as thi 
iwds Accidpntallt/ QmHted from that Issn-. 

plays which are acted and the books which 
are sent to the press are but u drop in the 
huge bucket of production, consequently 
the prosperity of the type-writer cannot be 
gauged by the amount of matter actually 
made public. I know one woman who 
makes a business of copying plays aloue, 
and who keejis from three to a half-dozen 
girls continually busy. She once iufctrmed 
me that out of some hundreds of plays 
which she had copied during the year she 
had, although she followed the dramatic 
papers very closely, as a matter of curiosity 
only discovered about a dozen that had 
been put on the stage. The others had 
been consigned to the limbo of rejection, 
that holds so many unfulfilled dreams. — 
Alfred Trumhh- hi Pittshmjh Bulktm. 

How Some Ble ni(«u Write. 

Historian Bancroft uses a stenographer 
and typewriter, but he tliinks 250 words 
a good day's work, and James O. Blaine 
thought he was doing well when he ac- 
complished 1500 words of a morning. One 
of the fastest writers among the public 
men of to-day is Admiral Porter, whose 
brain works like the wheel of a dynamo, 
throwing off sparks at every turn, and 
whose pencil rushes across the paper at 
almost telegraphic speed. 

Admiral Porter wrote his history of the 
United States Navy in 11 months, and 
during this fimc his average was at least 
75,000 words a month, or nearly 3500 
words a day, including Sundays. 

The hook is as big as a dictionary, and 
contains from 700,000 to 800,000 words. 
During many of these days he did not 
write at all, and his average during his 
working period ran as high as 5000 words 
a day. Admiral Porter is fond of writing. 
He never uses anvtliin^ now but a lead 


f CL^i^ Mmm 

f^f^^.^^4-^g^-p^ .^/a^t'l^'^ ^A^t^/i^ 

/'! ^^/^^^^-g^^i-^ 

Photo-Engraved from Pen-and-ink Copy Executed by S. R. Webster^ Moor's Business College, Atlanta, Oa. 

was quite a trade driven by the 
In the copying of plays especially he found 
constant employment. Each theater usu- 
ally had a copyist attached to its staff. 
Sometimes he was the prompter, who thus 
added to his emoluments, and at others an 
entirely independent member of the com- 
pany. When a play was accepted several 
clean copies had to be made of the com- 
plete work, one for the prompter's use and 
others for preservation in case of accident. 
Each part had also to be copied off for 
each individual player, and the directions 
for the carpenter and property man be- 

from the fact that at one time they had a 
sort of an exchange in Union Square, 
where they used to gather daily and very 
often work among the beer mugs on the 

Indeed, beer was as essential a fluid to 
the professional copyist as ink. He was, 
as a rule, a decidedly snuffy and grubby 
person, given to chronic alcoholism, and 
as careless in his attire as he was irregular 
in his habits. Most of these men had been, 
I fancy, actors, but if they acted no better 
than they wrote, I do not wonder at their 
change of profession. Nowadays we have 

writer to be copied in order to save the ex- 
pense of the innumerable coirections by 
the printers which would be necessitate<l 
by the bad handwriting of the author. 
There is a firm of young women who make 
a specialty of handling manuscripts of this 
sort, and who somehow or other contrive 
to extract sense, as well as dollars for 
themselves, out of manuscript beside which 
Horace Greeley's was copperplate. 

In addition to books which are printed 
and plays which are acted there are. as 
may be imagined, a good many that never 
ee the light of public day. Indeed, the 

pencil, and he says he cannot think wel' 
without he has his pencil in his hand. lU 
hud a slight attack of pen paralyns once, 
and his hand refuses to act whenever his 
linger touches the steel of the pen. 

He began his novel writing for amuse- 
ment, and he wrote " Allan Dare" with- 
out any idea that it would be published, 
much less dramatized. He stands up 
while writing, and, when he becomes in- 
terested, he works right along for hours 

George Bancroft works only in the 



For more elaborate descriptions and richly illustrated list send ten 
i-nts for The Journal for December, 1888. The following list contains 
iiany of our best premiums, but it is not complete. 

HcDTT^l&y by EpeASantean't and Roraoci'Greelcr; Andrew Jii.'k'«>ii, 


r with choice of the following ele- 
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For ll.OO wi- will send The Joursai 
>fant premiums free. 

Lord's Prayer Size, 19 x 24. 

FlouriRhed Eagle " 24 x 32. GarEeld Memorial . . , " 19 x 24. 

Plomiahed Stag " 34 x 32. Family Record " 18 x 22. 

Centen'l Picture of Progress. 24 x 28. Marriage Certificate.. " 18 x 22. 

Grant and Li.ncoln Eulogy (our newest Penmanship Premium), " 24x30. 

These premiums are without exception careful reproductions of some of the most 
elegant specimens of pen work ever shown in this country. Price by mail, 50c. each. 

In place of auy of the above, a subscriber remitting $1.00 for The Journal may re- 
ceive aij premium ii (xickiiiie of Amr»' Copii Slipg. or a copy of Ames' Guide to Prarti- 
calnndAii ■■',■ I: - '., Ki.uinl di |.ii)i<t. or the same in cloth binding for #1.25. 
Both tbi' ': ■■!■'■ ' ^ v^ ll.l^| n iJinl a tremendous sale and are (au^Af //■o?Ai 

in some ni Mi. !■ ilm. i.ii-iii.-.- .m||,^,. iini classical schools of this Country and 
Canada. Tli' \ i ■ nirm r\ , r\ thiuL: m (.-"irv to make a good, practical business pen- 
man of a ]itrsoii of jivfiiiye iutclligeiice. For $2 we will send The Journal one year, 
the Guidf in cloth and a copy of the Standard Pnicfhal PfninniiHhiji. 

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To stimulate those who^ interest themselves in getting -subscriptions for The 
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For $2 we will send two subscriptions and an extra premium of Amei' Gvidc iu 

For $10, ten subscriptions and a copy of Amea' Compendium oj Practtcal and 
iiamental Penmanship. The price of ihis superb work, recogoized as the staudard s 
$fi. We have heretofore sent it with a club of Uevlve. 

For $2, two subscriptions and a quarter gross box of Aviea" Bmt Pens 

For $2, two subscriptions and a book of Recitations and Readings comprib Uf. 
nearly four hundred standard selections suitable for entertainments, private readmgs 
«^ic. The cover is heavy paper, with pretty lithographed design. We know of uo 
volume of the kind likely to give as much satisfaction 

For $2, two subscriptions and the following standard work ■ History of tie U ted 
iitute», in ChniQological Order, from the Discovery of America in 1492 to the yea 
1888, incluiliiiL' nil II 1 - lit Manufactures as they were introduced; of othe ludustr s 
of Railroii'i- ^ n |i 1 . 1. L;i;ijihs and other Improvements; of Invention Iraportu t 
Events, A.r \\\ \.M^'\:\ K. CHILDS. Printed from large type on fine paper han I 
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For $6, six subscrijitions and the following pbotogi'aphic outfit by c\pre 
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includes six Lightaing Dry Plates, two Japanned Iron Trays, two Bottles of Developer 
one package Hyposulphite Soda, one Printing Frame, six sheets each S 1 ered and 
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For $9, nme subscriptions and the " Unique'" Telegraph Outfit by exp ess Tlu 
8imi)le and neat combination set is made for our use by the New Haven Clock Co of N 
York. It is both cheap and practical and thoroughly well made. Though Jes g 
for use of learners, it is no toy, but may be used on private lines from a f e v feet 
several miles in length. Two outfits of course are needed if two persoifc w sh to b I 
send and receive messages. The two cells will operate a line not exceeding 100 f 
iu length; an extra cell should be added for every 1200 feet. Extra cells cost "5 cen 
each, and extra spools of wire of 100 feet length 75 cents each. Full instruct oni 1 
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For $10, ten subscriptions and a Celebrated Flobert Rifie, Remington act o o le 1 
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For $25, twenty-five subscriptions and an elegant Breech- Loading Double- 
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For $30, thirty subscriptions and a Splendid Extra-Heavy Rolled Gold Plate 
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For $2. two subscnptions andclioiceof the following stand- 
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ms., comprising over one hundred volumes of tl 
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■"" ' "'"" "' ' The I 

3 Stop Att. 

Ik ribbon 

prliiui) 1 li-<-(« br tb irJes URkiDs Bamaby Rudgv and Hard Tim 

Juli'-Ttni* iDiiror iht Worl (in Eighty Day« by llules Venie ; At'tl 
Ipe b\ Julcs\true 1»( iitv Thousand Lcaeuca under theSea*. by Ju 
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othe 1 resent subscr ber 

Four Books In One! No Household is Complete Without It I 


tljluk ive have almost ovorytlilnff, new auJ old, that wa« ever Vhnuclit 
of lQ[' ei;amollne. Tlieiiwecume to alotof wonderful iLLrsTKATSD 

wtienyoa torn to ilm proper place'auJteftra the annwerB._ Here aliw 
L It IS allotted to Pai 

The following is offered ^8 a special premium to any present subscriber who will send 
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Blorraphy. HI itory, Natural Klstorr, Truvela, Maonera 
and Ca>i«ma, Xto.t Xbe World XUnatratcd, ITacftil Aria 
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Inventlona, MinlnB, "W^andera ofthe Sea, Familiar B«le ace. 
I.awroptlieMaaae«,»(atUtlealaDd UUcellaneoua. Alltbu 

han "iome Look of 6+1 pages. Ilirao, prinl^U upi.ii fine rjpt'r andtleBaully 
»>u ut s'l M and t'j-OOiDiiU lu ttiottuaJitrudtdcoQceDulBworciiaduteiiorUUtixy volumtit. 

Address 33_ T"" A. fk/WWnf A^ Publisher Penman's Art Jouk 

Onr Berefoot Born. 

When in Boston Matthew Arnold was 
greatly struck, says the Boston Herald, by 
the democratic government of ovir read- 
ing-rooms. He entered a reading-room 
one day, and saw a small, barefooted 
newsboy sitting in one of the best chairs, 
enjoying himself to the utmost. The 
great essayist was amazed, and asked : 
"Do you allow barefooted boys in this 
reading-room ? You would never see such 
a sight as that in Europe. I do not be- 
lieve there is a reading-room in all Eu- 
rope in which that boy, dressed as he is, 
could enter." 

Then Mr. Arnold went over to the boy, 
engaged Mm in conversation, and found 
that he was reading the "Life of Wash- 
ington," and that he was a young gentle- 
man of decidedly anti-British tendencies, 
and, for his age, remarkably well in- 

Mr. Arnold remained talking with the 
youngster for some time, and, as he came 
away, he said : " I do not think I have been 
so impressed with anything else that I have 
seen since arriving in this country as I am 
now with meeting this barefooted boy in 
the reading-room.'' 

Rapid Promotion. 

A Dutchman whose son had been em- 
ployed in an insurance company's office 
was met by an acquaintance who inquired : 
"Well, Mr. gichnider, how is Hans getting 
along in his new place ? " 

" Shoost sphlendid; he vos von off der 
directors already." 

"A director! I never heard of such 
rapid advancement — the young man must 
he a genius." 

"He vas; he shoost write a sphlendid 

" Oh yes, plenty of people write good 
hands, but you said Hans was a direc- 

" So he vae " (indignantly) "he direct 
dem circulars ten houi-s efery day al- 

Perils op Education. — Uncle Rastus 
(to his young hopeful) — " 'Dolphus, yo' 
young rascal, yo' take dat slate pencil 
outen yo' mouf, and stop chewin' itl " 

'Dolphus — "Yes, pa," 

Uncle Rastus — "Don' yo' know it am 
dangerous to de linin' ob de stummack to 
chew slate pencils? Some day eddication 
will kill yo', chile, kill yo' sho." 

National Business University 




YouiiB men and ladies flioroughlv ediicafed 
for business. EnKrossine and ■- ■ - — 
Work done in the higrhest stvle 

N0TE.-^~ No flourished spctTiuitms 
■ceipt of Sl-O" 'vill briefly 

letter fres 

)i your wo 

you f2.00 for yt 

All work will 

r business. EnKrossine and all Kinds 

lurished sj: 

your pli 
«XceM your work will frankly 


>no and signed by tiie P 



ILl. ENGAGE my services to a first- 
class Biisineps School. Ten years' expe- 
Bnce In Commercial College work as associate 
■oprietor. Hefevences and specimens if de- 

W ANTED.— Rood man for business college 
in Western city. Must have one to three 
thousand dollure. No others need investJKflti^" 
College is business corporation with tupitjil 
stock $10,000. Address 



change of lofatlon, or promotion t. 
broader fields with lartfer salaries, should 

- A. McCord, Manager. Dea Moines, Iowa, 

Now is the time to enroll In order to secure 
s for the next season. 1-tfx 


lO Ceuts. 


10 C<'nts, 


lO Cciit.s, 




can Buy One-Hundred Sets of Blanks 

for Banking at one fourth their 

cost by addressing 

1 608 WatMngton St., Boston, Mass. 

FOR SALB. Sbortband School In the 
City of Brooklyn, N. Y. Located in the 
principal business building, and elegantly and 
completely furnished. Established two years 
and doing a profitable business. Address 


Cflre of D. T. Ames. 205 Broadwpy, New York. 




luch universal satiafaotion a 

L- ordinary business work it i 

k all others. Ladies proDounce It the best they e 

napproachat-le. For ordinary business work it is unexcelled. 

has given a 

_ prefer it t_ __ , __ 

writers and penmanship experts tise uo other after they have ti 


BecaneelogivlnBom'order to the leading English pen-makers, we didn't ask for the chea] 

the lot. 

" Use the I 

jnal obtainable." 

orders, haud-gdcd, hand-pick and polish 
That is precisely what has been done. Is It any wonder that th 
quote the following 

pens, so that y 

From a barrel full of testimonials 
The No Plus .Ultra of Pi 
So writes J. P. kedsg 
penman, Jacobs Creek, Pa.: 

I do 

Ames' Best Pens received, 
wonder that your expectation lias betn 
surpassed. It is certainly a superior pen, 
being fine pointed, durable, flexible and 
possessing a quicit action." 


the Public Schools of liridgepo 

Ames' Best Fen — I like it and use it. 

"Wakben H. Lasison. 

From the Joint Author of n '* Series of 

"I have given Ames' Best Pen a 
thorough trial and take pleasure in recom- 
mending it as first class in every respect." 


Minneapolis, Minn. 

" After a thorough trial I can safely say 
that Ames' Best Pens are excellent. 1 have 
had a number of my special penmanship 
students try them, and all expressed them- 
selves as highly pleased." 

Meets Bis VntiualiGed Approval. 
Ames' Best Pen meets wilh my hearty 
and unqualified approval. In fact 1 am de- 
lighted, I have long sighed for just such a 
pen. Enclosed please find $1, for which 
please send mc a one-gross box. 

Jameb W. Harkins. 
Teaclwr of Writing in the CuHins Commer- 
cial College, Minneapolis, Minn 

' Distances all Competitors. 
"Ames' Best Pens beats all I have ever 
had before." P. B. S. Peteks. 

Professor of Penmanalnp, St. Joseph, Mo. 

Price 35 cents a nuarter g^i 


COLLEGE Ncwarlt N J 

Branch Co ege 64- and 266 We 

25 h S ee N w Yo k 
A. W. D DLE R m 


Kates L w 

The II ted c 

mailed a y add 

9-12 H roI-EM \1V Pnn 

utput Is the very best steel penlhut 

Peerless I I.uxurIou8 1 

"I am doubtful whether a pen can be 
made for fine, artistic writing superior to 
Ames' Best Pen, If you had named it 
"The Best "no one would have doubted 
the title." G. Bixler, 

Pen Art nail. Wooser, Ohio. 


Intr Xeaclier 

People 9 W rit 


Szoo for the 

GIDEON BIXLER Pfllilislier Wooster Oliio 

Unsurpassed for Geueral Work. 

"Having very thoroughly tested Ames' 
Best Pens in general work, I can say wilh 
pleasure that they are superior in every 
particular, and hereby commend them to all 
desiring a smooth, easy and lasting pen." 


jge, ProvL 

"For a pen that combines the essen 
qualities for plain writiag, flourishing i 
pen work, Ames' Best is superic 

"I have given Ames' Best Pens a thorough 
trial and have come to the conclusion that 
they are indeed rightly named. They arc 
the most durable pens I have ever used." 
A. E. Dewhukst. 

Artiet Penman, Uiica. N. Y. 

On the Top of the Heap. 

" Ames' Best Pen meets my highest ap- 
proval." Chandler H. Peikce. 
Peirce Business College, Keokuk, Ja. 

' So Say Wo All. 

" I like Ames' Best Pens very much." 


Iowa Business College, Dcs Moines, la. 
OSS box. $1.00 a gross box. 

Pernin Universal Phonography, 

SHORTHAND, tho^?,"ghly taugh. 
by Mail or Personally 

C YCLOSTYLES, ^gs^J^.f,;;',/"' 

Shorthand Writing 

Taught by mail. The best syHtem and thorough 
Instmotton. Send stamp for pamphlet and spec! 
men of writing. 

8-13 Teacher of Shorttiand, Pitfeburg. Pa. 

SA tZ£\ A neat box containing com 

1 aOVe plete outfit for Shurtliaud 
iu|.il.s, auuh as note books, penclK p<»n9 rubber 
nkstand, etc., rt-e.. will be eent, postpaid, or ex- 
jressage prepaid, W any part of the United States 
on receipt of S1.50. Addrcas, 

Hf 805 Broadway, New York. 


^Standard Typewriter. 



Wo aruarantcp the superiority of our ma- 
chines. Buv theiu with tho PRIVILEGE OF 
RETURNING them uabroken at any time 
within 30 daye C. 0. 11- for full price paid if not 
RESPECT. Handsome illustrftted pamphlet and 

327 Broadway New York. 



834 Chestnut St. 


201 Washington St. 


Le Droit Bulldlngr. 


9 N. Charles St. 


1 2 Third St. 


196 La Salle St. 

St. Louis. 

308 N. Sixth St. 

St. Paul. 

1 1 6 E. Third St. 


84 E. Market St. 

Kansas City 

322 West 9th St. 

London, 1 OO 

Gracechurch St., cor. 

Leadenhall. 0-13 



Iiod of tenching Shorthand, I will a 

lupils, by roaJl. 1 

'"^ f cJiart," J „ — 

the pupil will be $2.00 for t 
rr.?ment and a stamp in e — '■ '"* 
postage. Pupils who glvi 

book and euppiemen't and a stamp 
for return postage- Pupi' 
."by reason of l;hi 

; highly improved 

70 Yr^r;^."y 144 

Broadway, \'°£.'"X La Salle St. 

N. y. City. VX Chicago. 

SG. liof.k, •! 


The Wonderful Machine for Writing Shorthand. 

Easy. Accurate and Reliable. Send st^mp for a 

UUAUTCn ^"0 young people to learn Shorthand 
flAlt I tU l-y mall, f will take you through 
Iho prlnciijlea free. Every worthy student guar- 
anteed a position. ).arpe^t Shorthand School In 
the eountry. LowphI tuition: best aC'immoda- 
tiora. It will cost y..u nntliinK to give the leAsuns 
airlrtl. Over 10(1 graduates in pleasant and remun- 
erailve positions this year, at cftlaries from J50 to 
3100 per month. Send your ntime and beein this 
fasciniitlni; siudy at once. Address W. T. LAItl- 
Shorthand and Typewriting. 

a Normal College, Shenai 


Give me a trial order, readers, and 
I will do my best to please you. 
Send U. S. silver coins or two-cent 
stamps for any of the following: 

Hj-stem of Copies arranged for honif* or 
office practice, fresh from my pen 25c. 

A complete Compendium of Written 
Copies and Exercises for gaining per- 
fect control of the muscular movement. ll.OO 

Combined Capitals 20 

Variety Capitals 20 

Large sheet filled with various signatures, 
including your own gfl 

I.S Plain White Cards, with your name. . . 

Ifl Four-ply Wedding Bristol, with name. 

15 Gilt Edge, with name 

15 Plain Bevel, -(vith name 

15 Gold Bevel, with name 

15 Gilt-Edge Assorted Comers, with name. 





When 10 cenU extra nre remitted i 
will be sent by registered mail. 
Ames' Compendlam of Practical and Orna- 
mental Penmanship $,1 o 

and Artistic Pen- 

BOX 63, "STATION W.," 

le^ BROOKLYN, N. Y. 

The iDteroational Penman, 

Published niotillilv \'\ M, M.I.iichhiD 
Principal aiitl i^uman uf Mil- Cauada 
Business College, of Chatham, Ont., is a 
live exponent of Penmanship and Prac- 
tical Edncation. 

A course of lessons by Mr. McLacliIan 
i« now in progress, which will be contio- 
ued for about 15 or 18 mouths, 

The Penman is an 8-page paper hand- 
somely illustrated with cuts from the work 
of diBtinguished A uerican Penmen, and 
should be in the hands of every teacher. 

Regular subacription price, per annum, 
oOc. To teachers, oaly SSc. Which is 
less than the co.>«t of publication. 

Standard T 

New Spencerlan Compendium, oomplete In 8 

Bound comulete ." 

Kibbe'8 AlpViabets, five slips, 25a.; oomplete 

Llttle'B Illustrative Handbook on Drawing... 

Grant Memorial 22x28 Inohes 

Family Record . . 18x28 " 

Marriage Certificate i8x22 " 

Qarfield Memorial 

Lord's Prayer., 

Bounding Stag 


Ci;ntennlal Picture of Procress. 

Lord's Prayer 19x24 

Bounding Stag QdT.<i9 

Fliiurished Eagle.. 

yof Lincoln and Grant.. 



No. 128. 

Expressly adapted for professional nae and orna- 
mental penmanship. 



All of Standard and Superior Qnalitj. 




$2.00 for $1.00. 

The best steel pen of Rnnlisii mHiuifflctiir. 
worth $1.00 per gross. 

The Peirce Phil -jsoiih leal Treatise of Penmn 
ship, which contains 70t) quwitlons and Tmi -> 
swers. besides other %-aliiable matter, retails i 
Sl-00. and thousands of vohimca have been snl 

To give this book a wider cii-c»latiou, the f. 
lowing olTcr is extended to a generous publU' 

For $1.00 I will send a gross of a04 Gllhiti 
Pens and my Treatise to any address In ranin 
or the United States. 


Keokuk, I'.w 

. Ppir 

' Bus 


' Address 


. for sample 


12-3 D. McLACHLAN. 





Is now one o( the departmente of Los Angeles 
Business College and English Training School. 

My Bohool by mall Is now a pronounced success. 
Twenty lessons for S5.00. Send for circulars. 
Those wishing a thorouKb drill uuder our personal 
instruction will And no better place than the Pen- 
manship Department of this college. Send for 
rollege Jmirnal. Specimens of our best work 30 
•^t*. D. B. WILLIAMS. Princpal, 

Box laai, Los Angeles, Cal 



449 MaJD St., Buffalo, N. Y., 

Business Education 


iiy mt-ans of .llrwt Personal <-'«irresp..iidenee. 

The First School of Its kind in America. 

SCudentf luno tglMfred frorn every Slate and 
TtrrHon/ and'ntariy alt BHtUh American Provlneti. 
The Course of Study and Practice includes 

Dietanoe no objection. Low rates and satis- 
faction puaron/«d. Send two letter stamps for 




representing $83,830 capital $ 7 OC 

a'-ooo " " aaaiaw " '.'.'.'/.". ^ oc 


are kept 

80 cents each or $3.00 per dozen. 

w and special desiRns promptly fll 

have stock diplomas for business colleges 



For the preparation of all manner oi' display out< 
our faclUttos are unequalled. Send for estimates. 
Also we have the best facilities ror making photo- 
engraved outs from pen and ink copy. 


_ thousands of eats that have ap- 
learod in Tiik Jooknal and our publications, 

upUcates will be furnished fo- ' - 

We will supply, at pftblUft«r»' rates, any standard 
_ on penmanship In print ; also any bookkeep- 
commercial antbmetlo or other educational 

Send the money with order, In all cases Unless 
this requirement la met no goods will be sent by 
mail, in any ca*f. nor by express, C. O. r 
siifHcieat aavance Is made to protect 
contingent loss. Don't waste your tlm 
by writing us to " send so-and-so (you have forgi.L 
the pnce) and you will remit," or to ask us If we 
■can't take less." Wbcas't. We handle not h in e 
but reliable goods, and all who favor us with 
orders are assured of prompt and effi( ' 

Address, D. T. AMES, 
Mft BromdwKj, 


O YOU regularly READ a business paper? If not, why not? Are 
you in business ? Do you expect to be ? Are you ambitious of ad- 
vancement? What are You Ddint. to secure it? Undoubtedly you are 
industrious, painstaking and oI>serving. These are excellent qualities, but 
without the more extended knowledge that comes from reading, progress must 
necessarily be slow. The young business man needs to know something of 
the history of his time— the history of business methods of to-day. This is 
found recorded in "Thf. Office," which is emphatically the business man's 
journal. It is the exponent of the best modern business methods. It illus- 
trates improved office appliances, and is the office man's cyclopa:dia. 

We want every reader of the Penman's Art Journal to see "Thf 
Office," and will send a specimen copy to all who wdl write for it. 
Monthly, $i.oo a Year. 

P. O. Box i665. 66 AND 68 Duane St., New York. 

Men and Women Differ in Character. 


oook you ever read, anrl enable you to under 
'm, send for 


A Dew Manual of Character Readtog for the people. It wiU show you how to read people as you would 
a book, and see if they are inclined to be Eood, upright, honest, true, kind, chanlable, loving, joyous, 
happy and trustworthy people, such as yon would like to know, and be intimately associated with. 

i knowledge of Human Nature would save many dlsappoiotmeDts in social and business life. 

This la the most comprehensive and popular work ever published for the price, 25,000 copies hav- 
ing been sold the flrst year. Contains 200 large octavo pages and 250 portrails. Send for it and study 
people you see. and also your own character. If you are not satisfied with the book, you may return 
it. in good condition, and we will return the money. 

We will send It carefully by mail, post-paid, on receipt of price, uuIf 40 <-ent«, in paper, or 
# 1 .00 In cloth binding. Address 

FOWLEH & WBLLS TO., 77? Broadwar* New York. 

N, B.— If you will mention The Pemianb Art Jouft.N-L in ordering, we will send— FREE— a copy c f 
(be -' Phrenological Journal " |30c. a number, 92 a year]. A magazine of human nature. SB 



\P£jyMAA' AA'D Designer, 


SE^MmL... 0-::""'""" ^ 

H*l«BACH0R0ANC0.90.flIl..r.i..p.(l.a^I».l ^^^^„ ^y^^^ ISp^^ 

iivft'^"*'^*'"""""'"'"""'"""''''"'*"*""" I SCRIPT cuts 


TRIAU BALANCE BOOK,^-"^"''™^.,,, 


Demy, size 10^ x 10 ti 

KIieA. SlIONameo (half-bound). - - $1 50 
" B. 750 " •' - - :.' n) 

" c. loon " " - - :; at 

*■ D. 15110 " " - - 3 >*> 

" B, 2000 *■ •■ - - i iKi 

" K aiio *■ " - - 5 <»i 

Special 81*68 made to oixler on application. 




bin paper. Send i 

a a postal card and 1 will fcturn nblt 

cnra to re|>lace the one you used, i 

trouble. EDWIN STOCKIN, 


Penmanship Department 
Xortheru Illinois Normal Soliool 


L.e550n5 and IV]ail ^peciaUie5, 

HAWBR'S Gems op PliOURlSHlNG, 

She Haherian ©OLtiBGE of &eh pi^m 


These Schools are all connected, and i 
umong the best of their kind in America. 

Good board In privite families at $2.00 i 
week, rirciilnrs free. Addrcs.s 
l:;-!:; M<KK1-: cS; HENDBRSON. Olierlin, ( 



II exchange for any kind 


writing it. " 
stamp, and 
band, prl 
■ • d S 

i, Flourishing, 
A. E. ?/ 
P. S.— No postal 

1 addressed in i 



The leu.i'Pij ... . i , ,,.;.,!, s,„iti, 
De Igns .,Mi .■■ . ,. , . ,., ,,„■ , „ 



Penmanship, in Public Schools. Book-keep- 
ing, SbortboDd, Typewriting, Telegraphy, 
Drawing in Pubhc Schools, Vocal Mutdc in 
Private Schools, Voco! Music in Public Schools. 
Art in Private Schools, Physical Culture, Syn- 
thetic Sound Systein, Instinimental Music, 
Manual Training, Military Tactics, Kindei- 
gai'ten. Private Tutor, Elocution, Governesi. 

The Art Teachers' Emplojment Agency, 

tuuity X^o obtain such eaiplyyuiciit as you wish. 
Rates very cheap. Send stonip for particulars. 

CHAS. J. CONNER. Manager, 

Des Moines, Iowb 

During the Entire Year of 1888 

The Mutual Life 


on which the dividends of the conipflny 
had considerably more than doubledtheone:- 
innl amount insured under the policies. On 
$169,000 of original insurance the Dividend Ad- 
ditions amounted to $212,374.19: the (hrfrfcii'i rr- 
xum being S*3,374.1fl (2S per cent.) mor« than 
the face of the policies, Whilr> the tntHl 
amount nf the 68 doiitli-..liinii- ",.^ -;M.:i74.1(l, 

H clear profit to tht i.'^tuii <ii iIm- ili 1 1 ii-cl nf 
$240.7aj.l2. besides giving an avd'Utfc of ;t«!^ 
years of Life Insui-ance up to the average age 
of 73 years. 

The Longest Term Insured was 45 
Years, in the coseof William F. Fi-ei-raan. who 
insured at 2ti and died at 71— the policy of 88,000 
realizing to his estate ?7,277, for the J2,U0.71 
paid in premiums. 

The Oldest Age at Death was 87, in 
the case of Clarisa E. Isdalo, who ineiu-ed at the 
age of 53 and died at 87, and whose policy of 
JL'.OOO returned &4.]5»to her estate, at a net cost 
in premiums paid of only $2,4^.IM). 

The mutual Life and the Equitable Hecords, 
so far as the latter has been given out. stand as 



The Mntual Life Insnrance Co. 


RICHARD A. McCURDY, Phesident, 

For the yeftr ending Deo. 3l8t, 1888. 

lucreane In Asuets. - 

■ - $7 

s<A,soi m 

iiri>lu8 nt fuur per rent., 

- . *7 

940.003 08 

liicrea«oinSurpIUH, - 

- - 91 

145,022 11 

ullcleslu forcD, - 


lurreMB daring jPHr, - 


ollclcs written. - 


lucroAKe durlugj'enr, • 



- . $1(»8 

214,201 82 


VIM Joi;kvvl 


» oil llkr to hf your own jvirlpp as to what IfOB coneiiler ffood. nnd r.nce Ir 
•vinn of thf hwt st-ek no further. Therp are 10.000 int^-lllirpiit readei's nf Thk Jouksj 

Wright's Book-keeping Simplified— Business Methods, 

A him(])(ome Tolume of 2J,i p 

keepfntr than any so-called Ijuci 
become expert— cajmble of doin 
any yon ever eaw, nnd lends u n 

i ^i^" 

"/ nuifrlcmis himyhl them n 

iliiiitelf satisfactory, : 
nut notblQff but you 
irinitely. therefore ei 

■emilnr subscriptioi 

P. A. WRIGHT, 769 Broadway, N. Y. 

[ & OU., 100 Llbprly St., N. V. 

START vot;r nkw ci.ttb now. 





Mulled PRE8 to nny iiartof the United States 
upon ix'cei)tt of 
yj>c for Box rontatnlna Onf-faurth Grong. 

efused. but orders 1 

BooksfUtrs, Stationers, Printers antt Ntitui 
8-12 No. Id Humboldt Bloek, Kansas Cit 


Descripllon of Ihose Made by 

No. 1 Is a corapromtsp between Old KnpIIsh i 
he ■• Solid ilead." 

No. ; 

. only tlio 
■ lef 

:i-i 'I Mil tilt) "German Text," nnd adain 

I" .ml rf 111 s, lijit, iiud espeolaltf adapted 

'■'-'■'1 •■•' I'll' ' .MrtikiiiK Alphabet," and 

Imilar to Nn. l', but e-peclally for small 

j-beoalled the "Hlook," aa the letters 

seem to be made of s<ii 

No. B la based on the " OKI Bnpl 

No. 10, the Figures, useful and i 

Any or all of above, 15 c( 

Infinite In number. 10 oeuts ea< 

13 leasoDB, J3 50. IX) 


SrARBOROUGH, who has I 
ful In this pnrtlcular line. 83.00 pays for 9 
le&sons. which will do n persevering stude 
about as much good as n six weeks' cout 
under a teacher's personiil supervision. T 
six lessons and get a start in the right dii-ectla 



and Plain and Ornamental Penwork exe- 
cuted to order in elegant style and at 
moderate prices. 

One Dozen Written Cards. 15c. ; Better 
fiuality, 20c. A Gem of Flounshing, inc. 

Lessons given in any branch of the art 
l)y mail at prices within the reach of all. 
Send stump for particulars. 

i-J2 XJTic.v, >r. Y 


By H. J. Putmnn A 11'. J, KimJfu. 

The Latest, Best, Most Complete 
and Cheapest thing of the kind. Seven- 
teen beautifully lithographed slips and the 
finest and most explicit Instruction Book 
published; enclosed in a neat and sutistantia 
case ; mailed to any part of the world for Fifty 
Cents, fend for our new descriptive circular 
giving testimonials. &c. 

Putman & Kinsley's Fens. 

.No. I .—Double-elastic, for students' prac- 

No. 2.— The " Burliness Pen " for book-keep- 

ei-s. book-keeping students, and all wishing a 

pen for rnpld, uniitiniled wrlUng. 

PRICIIS.-SsinpUx, lOc, Quarter 6roM. SOr. 

OroiM. Sl-00. 

PDTHAN & KINSLEY, si.';nl!,„R."„'K,'f,ri„ 

Eight Reasons Why This Truly National System Is The Best 

1 St.— The pupil does not have to write through from ten to twenty books 

111 order to learn the System. Only Six books. 

2d.— The letters are entirely free from useless lines like double loops, ovals, etc. 

The first complete system to present abbrevijited forms of capitals. 
3d.— The lateral spacing is uniform, each word filling a given space and no crowding or 

stretch ng to secnre such results. 
4th.— Beautifully printed by Lithography! No cheap Relief Plate Printing ! 
5th.— Words used are all familiar to the pupil. Contrast them with such words as 

'■ zeugma. urques:ie, xylus, tenafly, mimetic, and xuthus." 

6th.— Each book contains four pages of practice paper— one-sixth more paper 

than in the books of any other series^and the paper is the best ever used for copy-books, 
7th.— Business forms are elaborately engraved on steel and printed on tinted 

paper, rendering them very attractive to the 
8th.— Very low rates for introduction. 

-Very low rates for introduction. They are the cheapest books in America. 




And scores of other places adopt Barnes' Penmansliip for e.\clusiv( 
use in their public schools. 

I he B.ARNES PENM.-VNSHIP has compelled the publishers of nearly every Series' in the market to revise their books, 
have already added several of the special features of this New Series. 

An Elegant Specin 

Book containing all the Copies of the Series sent GRATIS 



A. S. BARNES & CO., Publishers, 



the Post Office of Ne 
i Second-Class Mail Mai 


Vol. XIII— No. :i 

Lessons in Practical Writing. 

I ,.r>/c/O0 

Coii'ect Positii 

We have often met teachers and others 
who were apprehensive that pupils learn- 
ing to write from eugruved copies, such 
lis arc used as standards in our public 
schools, would acipiire a style of writing 
so similar to tarh other as not to be dis- 
tinguished one from the other. That is to 
say, that there would be no distinctive 
personality in the several handwritings. 
Another criticism often made upon the 
handwriting tljiit is acquired in our pub- 
lie schools is that it is not such as is em- 
ployed ia business, and this also is urged 
as an argument against the style of writ- 
ing and methods of instruction now in 
use. All this at the tirst thought is 
plausible, and is readily believed by 
iiiiiny to be a true and proper criticism. 
But a moment's reflection will show it to 
be entirely erroneous. 

First, as to the personality of hand- 
writing, we hold that no teacher should 
couceru himself in the slightest degree 
with reference to it. It is a thing that 
f!iu neither be taught nor hindered by 
any teacher. Personality grows out of the 
disposition, character and environment of 
the writer in after-life, and is as inevitably 
manifest in adult writing as physiognomy 
or any other peculiarity by which persons 
are recognized. For instance, were 20 
pupils in a class, through skillful and suc- 
cessful teaching and earnest and faithful 
practice, to acquire a style so uniform that 
I'ach might respectively write a line one 
under the other upon a page of paper so 
similar that to the casual observer it would 
be the handwriting of a single person, yet 
let each of these writers go out from the 
school into the various pursuits of life, in 
a single year's time there would scarcely 
be a family reserablance in their hand- 
writing. One perhaps has been a clerk in 
an insurance office where every compli- 
ment or advance has been the result of the 
exct'llcnce of his writing and which has 
naturally stimulated him to constant cave 
and pains to retain, and if possible to 
improvu- upon the orderly and systematic 
writmg with which he left school. His 

writing would tend toward higher excel- 
lence. Another, in a law office, had strug- 
gled for dear life with briefs and the copy- 
ing of legal documents where speed was 
the only criterion of his success, where no 
pride of style or anticipated gain from 
good writing has iud^uenced his eSorts. 
His writing has come to be the merest 
scrawl. Another, perhaps with ample 
means, has occupied his time as a tourist, 
only occasionally employing bis writing 

solutely necessary to successful instruction 
in writing, and especially in our graded 
city schools. Here pupils pass from one 
grade to another, coming under the in- 
struction of different teachers, rendering 
it necessary that the work in one grade 
supplement fully that of another; other- 
wise there would be a liability that a pupil 
would be required to undo in one grade 
what they had sought to do in another. 
And besides, it is necessary that there be 

Movement Exercises. 

Copies for Practice. 

for correspondence. His writing will 
have undergone a very slight change as 
compared with that of the policy and law 
clerk. Another has engaged in some pro- 
fes.sional pursuit, where the hand has 
been very little exercised in writing, and 
will, therefore, have no very radical 
change. It is inevitable that the hand- 
writing of each of these various pupils will 
have undergone a change as varied as have 
been their occupations, character, dispo- 
sition, artistic taste and the circumstances 
under which they have exercised their 
hands. Hence it is with great impatience 
that we have noted the assertions and 
arguments against uniform copies in the 

Uniform and systematic coptea are ab- 

a certain standard of form for all of 
the letters of the alphabet and also for 
their combination in writing, else there 
could be no systematic preparation on the 
part of teachers for teaching writing, or 
rules for their guidance in instruction, or 
the pupils in learning. 

As to the complaint that writing ac- 
quired in the schoolroom is not such as is 
used in the counting-room and other 
places of business, and which carries with 
it the inference that the latter sort of 
writing should be the standard for our 
schools, nothing can be more absurd, be- 
cause there is no standard, nor can there 
be any standard for business writing. The 
styles are as varied and numerous as are 
the writers, and consequently any one 

business hand set up as a standard would 
be to the exclusion of millions of others 
equally as good. 

Right here again is apparent the utter 
absurdity of the very thought of teachmg 
personality in writing, for that which is 
personal in fts character should not be 
imitated, as in that case the learner would 
be simply copying the personality of 
another writer instead of establishing one 
for himself. He should first acquire* a 
correct knowledge and good taste for ac- 
curate writing by practicing from im- 
personal copies, and afterward develop- 
ing a personality of his own from extended 
and habitual pracj-ice. 

We have been led to make these com- 
ments for two reasons. First, to assist 
teachers to meet and overcome the dif- 
ficulty encountered through such com- 
plaints respecting writing as we have 
enumerated, and, secondly, on account 
of thoughts suggested by a very able ar- 
ticle contributed by Mr. Fox, which ap- 
pears on another page of this issue, and 
which we commend to a careful considera- 
tiou of all the readers of The .Iournai,. 

The present lesson closes the series by 
the editor. A new series will begin with 
the April number by D. W. Hoff, super- 
intendent of writing in the public schools 
of Des Moines, Iowa. We liave become 
somewhat familiar with Professor Hoff's 
methods, and are very favorably im- 
pressed with the work that he is doing 
in th» public schools of Des Moines. We 
believe that to all who are engaged in 
teaching writing in the public schools 
his series of lessons will be very interest- 
ing and instructive. We only regret that 
they cannot be placed before every such 
teacher in the country. We feel earnestly 
that the instruction in writing which the 
great mass of our youth are recf iving is 
vastly inferior to that of any other branch 
of education. We shall feel thankful to 
any teacher who will assist in placing these 
lessons before teachers in our public 

We present herewith a series of move- 
ment exercises which we commend for 
extensive practice to all learners of writ- 
ing. They are well calculated to disci- 
pline all of the motions of the fore-arm and 
fingers necessary to easy and graceful 
wnting. We repeat what we have pre- 
viously said in the course of lessons, that 
every season of practice upon copies 
should be preceded with at least I'S^ 
minutes' practice upon some movement ex- 

[In the last issue of The .Jouhnai. a 
mistake was mude in the cuts illustrating 
the writing lesson. The cut printed a8 a 
specimen of "Model Business Writing" 
was not the cut which ha<J been selected 
for that [mrpose, and was in no sense suit- 
able for that purpose. The three business 
letters shown in this issue represent the 
idea so well that the reader is referred to 
them in connectioc with the last lesson. 
— The Editor.] 

Ben-are or A alllne Ink*. 

President Bayles, of the New York 
Board of Health, lately called attention 
to the subject of the use of more durable 
ink, and enforced his words by saying 
that it was of importance to people all 
over the land. He savs that very many 
of the records of births, deaths and mar- 
riages received at the office of the board 
are written in aniline inks, and that the 
paper upon which these fugitive fluids are 
used becomes in 10 years perfectly blank, 
the ink having entirely evaporated. 

Teaching Writing in Business 

I A iMtrdMl First Prizt in C7a*g No. 3 o/'TiiE 
.journal's Vomprtitiom.] 

To note Fome of the current expressions 
upon this subject is, at least, n trifle 
amusiug, if not always profitnble. In the 
rlamor for self- recognition it seems to be 
a difficult matter to recognize any ex- 
cellence not our own ; and extreme de- 
votion to some pet theory is likely to be- 
tray itself through condemnation and 
ridicule of all others. So intense ad- 
miration for one school of penmanship is 
npt to exclude all ability to recognize ex- 
cellence in any other school. Too little 
appears to be known of the generous 
faculty of admiration, which hns power 
to nnlock truths that wholly elude the 
griisp of a purely critical spirit. 

It is true that we live in n wonderful 
age, a fast and progressive one; an age 
when every day, as it were, a new way of 
going to work, a new way of doing things is 
being discovered. Branches of industry and 
education in general have caught this 
spirit of the age and are being borne 
rapidly onward; and there is no reason 
why penmanship should not keep pace 
with this onward march. But it ' can 
hardly he etfected through prejudiced, in- 
competent, censorious or money-catching 
critics. It must be given impetus by those 
possessing the too scarce element of dis- 
interested criticism combined with sound 
sense and experience. 

To interpret our subject with regard to 
present agitation demands a consideration 
f)f it under two distinct heads; 

1. The style of writing to be taught in 
business colleges. 

2. The manner of teaching it. 

Before we can teach etfectually we must 
know what we are to teach. 

The ])hriise "business college" itself 
clearly indicates the style of writing to be 
uniformly taught. While ample and 
legitimate provision may be made for the 
more extended and elaborate work of- 
teachers and professionals, there should he 
tavight, independent of all such, a style that 
best meets the demands of business «n 
general, not of individuals in particular; 
for opinions are as diverse as they wlio 
hold them. All of merit and experience, 
however, cannot fail to agree upon a per- 
fectly legible style, that is easily, rapidly 
and gracefully executed, as constituting 



Since the uU-important object of writing 
is to convey intelligence without the aid 
of an interpreter, legibility must be of 
prime and paramount importance in its 
production. The ab.sence of this one 
quality renders all writing valueless even 
in the presence of any other possible ex- 
cellence. And the usual pressure of busi- 
ness exacts even more than it.s possession 
in a positive degree; it demands a living, 
speaking style, one that is intelligible "at 
sight " without exception. America's im- 
petuosity will suffer no needless expendi- 
ture of time. Legible writing serves also 
another important purpo-se in preventing 
errors. Some of the most vital mistakes 
may be made through lb-- ciirclc^': Imild- 
ingof a single word. 'Im ji,,.., -, iiii- most 
essential quality in (In 1 1 1 1 1. - 1 . ir _'i c-l- 
writing must be prnjiMitiui]it(il\ l:iii--c, 
round, well shaded, have very little if any 
slant, and be clothed with the relative 
simplicity and neatness of print. 

Writing nmst he easily executed to pre- 
vent undue and needless fatigue. It mvist 
also be rapidly executed to economize 
time and to correspond with dispatch in 
business. But all speed should be given 
iin intelligent limit; it ought never to be 
cultivated to the destruction of form^ or a 
fair degree of accuracy. 

To produce greatest facility and rapidity 
1 requires simple forms, join- 

small characters, with considerable slope, 
no shading, and a steady, gliding move- 
ment. Many pa s for rapid writers who 
arc only nervous scratchers or spasmodic 
jerkers. They start out with an apparent 
lightning motion, only to hitch at frequent 
intervals or to make several motions in 

considered scpiirately, but when properiy 
blended they furnish the happy medium 
or true fonndation upon which to build. 

Grace, both in style and execution, is a 
most desirable fesiture, particularly when 
combined with the more essential qualities; 
and when based upon a cultivated taste, 
no degree of it is incompatible with busi- 

Fhoto-Enff raved from Flonrisli by A. W. Dahi-n, Syracuse, N. Y. 

the air to one on paj)er. In either Cflse 
speed is retarded, and the very object 
worked for defeated. Indeed, this Saint- 
Vitus-like affection seems to be a more 
common ailment than what is usually 
designated as " writer's cranii)" or " pen- 
man's paralysis." It is not motion but its 
quality that determines the real degi-ee of 
speed, or that truly facilitates in work. It 

ness, any more than is grace of manner or 
speech. True grace should lie in the form 
of the lettera, Rot in superfluous append- 
ages; therefore the more wjiting savors of 
grace the better. Ahts for the reputation 
of our colleges when they aim only to 
cultivate a "'rough and reaily " style, or 
furnish no better results than can be ob- 
tained through self-instruction. Also our 

The methods iin rogue for acquiring a 
business hand differ but slightly, if at all, 
an to eMcntiats, and as a rule only in point 
of applicatioli or according to the degree 
of individuality possessed by the teacher. 
Generally, other things being equal, the 
more one stamps his method with himself 
the better. The great original force 
which such teachers as Plato and Aristotle 
threw out upon the world of thought is 
said to have come from their having to 
make and test their methods as they went 
along. And it may be so with us, though 
in a more modest degree, if we take a 
similar course with them. Thus, it be- 
hooves us, as penmen and teachers, not to 
seize upon this theory or that simply be- 
cause it seems to be popular, but to accept 
and adopt that which is the result of 
widest experience and soundest logic in- 
asmuch as it IS suited to conditions in ■ 
hand, and supplement it with a margin for 
future modification. 

But while order and method arc essen- 
tial in every department of life, thore 
should not be so strict an adherenc« to. 
rule or system as to detract from best orr 
most natural results. Nature oft needs; 
much disciplining, but never so much as; 
loads to the weakening of any of her.- 
powers. Less faith should be put in sysn- 
tcms and more in skilled and experienced 
teachers. All method dqiends largely 
upon individual tact, talent, patience and 
perseverance for its successful application; 
hence a live teacher is better than any 
dead model or system. Anu as all suc- 
cessful teaching is the result of knowledge, 
skill and experience, only those thus quali- 
fied should be employed to instruct. 

Untrained or inexperienced tutors must 
of necessity spoil many a class before 
learning how to teach. But many having 
the imitative faculty well developed be- 
come skillful and ready writers, and in • 
turn are employed as teachers, when in ] 
reality they constitute no part of a tuacher.-. 
It is a false notion that anybody qui tnattlk 
who writes a beautiful hand,. TDhit' tnrr 

^^-^^i^ ..</^a-Z^ 

iiHCH F lPho{o-Engraved\ SubmiUed for Comjietition in our Fnze Class No 4 
Best from the Whole Numher Beceived. The Other Cuts are Likewise Shmim 
Vote as to which of these Specimens shall be Awarderl First Prize, whivhSa^ond c 

tnd One of the Three- Sptei-mms Selected as the 
in This Issue. You are Inritrd to Send Your 
id which Third. (Siz^ of Orvginal, 7 x 10 Inches.) 

than ( 

and uniformity of motion rather 
ly iimount of mere " speed " that 
accomplishes the most in a given lime. 

It is evident from the foregoing that the 
essential requisites for legibility and ease 
or rapidity are largely antagonistic as 

graduates should he able to display some- 
thing more than a string of cha* ing angles. 
The standard sliould be Raised, rather than 
lowered, for even then the resrult*. will be 
meager enough. The best ought to be 
none too good for any of us. 

teacher has to Ibink as well as perform. 
He must have \hc ability to draw out the 
powers of his (itapils as well as to display 
his own. He tmcHt have a theoretical as 
well as practi'nflifcBowledgeof his subject, 
and the ability *o c3assify this knowledge 

according to system. Previous to enter- 
ing tilt* class-room he nuist have fixed in 
his miini what subjects he will present 
niuJ Low he will present them. In the 
work of tencbing he will find the black- 
board to be a most valuable and indis- 
pensable appliance, ind as n matter of 
e-onvenience as well as of profit we would 
recommend a judicious combination of 
written and engraved copies. Also when 
possible we would divide large schools 
into classes of u size that can be handled 
to best advantage, and so give opportunity 
for classification of pupils according to 

Students should be given an inspiring as 
well as logical introduction to their work. 
While no side track for caprice or non- 
sense should be allowed, all helpful and 
appropriate incentives may be employed to 
stimulate with a proper love and zeal for 
the work in hand. Beget interest and en- 
thusiasm and they will secure mastery. 

writing the strong and prominent muscle 
of the fore-arm becomci* by nature the key- 
stone or principal seat of movement, though 
many other muscles are of necessity 
brought into action with it. This being 
the chief and most difficult movement to 
acquire, we make it the first and main 
subject of attention. For its development 
a species of gymnastic drill is first given 
to produce free play of the muscles in all 
directions.' ■ Then follow oval and other 
exercises on a large scale, which are gradu- 
ally diminished in size till they develop 
into small letter forms. A few funda- 
mental exercises properly graded and well 
mastered are all-sufficient. 

Quality rather than quantity is to be 
sought for. Meanwhile the fingers are 
left much to themselves aside from a 
l)roper position and Ciisy hold of the pen. 
To obtain best results the mind should be 
concentrated upon one thing at a time, 
and the end in view fairly well secured 

rigid state of the fingers should not l>c 
pennitted, much more promoted, any more 
than their perpetual yet useless motion. 
But a slight though almost imperceptible 
motion we believe to be invaluable and 
inseparable to best writing and best 
writers. Yet. whether the fingers are 
brought into noticeable action or not, they 
should be in a fiexible condition. The 
essence of all nght movement is ease, 
which owes its existence to the freedom 
and relaxation of all the muscles jointly 
concerned; therefore, if all the muscles 
brought into play directly or indirectly 
are in a pliable condition, the better must 
be the results. 

It is upon this point of movement that 
"doctors" have disagreed most widelv 
and shown how easy a matter it is to go 
to extremes. Whereas some of early date 
taught little, if anything, but finger move- 
ment, others of to-day would advocate 
"Simon pure muscular movement;" and 

/< y^TT'y^ 

'iijien G [/'/io(o-jEngraiedj, Submitted for Competition in our Prize Class No. 4, and One of the Three Spedmens Selected i 
tlie best from the Whole Number lieceived. The Other Cutu are Likewise Shown in This Ismte. You are Invited to Send Voi 
Vote as to which of these Specimens shall be Awarded First Prize, which Second, arid which Third. (Size of Oi-ginal, 7x1 Inches.] 

The burden of labor and achievement rests 
mainly mth the pupil. As knowledge 
precedes all intelligent action, students 
should be given at the outset a clear con- 
ception of what they are to do and how 
they are to do it. To this end only sub- 
ject-matter should be considered, and that 
in the simplest manner possible. Xo time 
whatever should be lost upon non-essen- 
tials, and at the earliest practicable moment 
action should begin. No amount of 
knowledge will take the place of t/oimj. 
We limit this point to a few touches upon 

Our preference in position is for that 
which inclines the body slightly to the 
left ; thus the weight is allowed to fall 
upon the left arm, while the right is left 
entirely free for any movement desired. 

Movement is undoubtedly the great de- 
sideratum in writing, as its proper develop- 
ment produces nearly all the excellences 
embodied therein. And as the muscles 
are the only proper organs of motion, all 
movement is more or less muscular. In 

before taking another step. And pupils 
should be taught to practice severe self- 
criticism, that they may be able at length 
to continue their work by themselves, and 
thus fulfill the object of all right teaching. 
As soon as this fore-arm muscular move- 
ment is well understood and to a good 
degree established, exercises are given 
calculated to develop what is known as 
the "combined" movement. At this 
point finger action is considered and en- 
couraged in connection with the fore-arm 
to the extent of securing good, if not 
perfect, form. While the fore-arm mus- 
cular is the main propelling-power, to the 
delicate action of the fingers must be at- 
tributed the real shaping-power; and if it 
be true, as some would seem to infer, that 
the process in writing is similar to that in 
walking, then the fingers should be left 
free to act, as are the toe-s. Try walking 
with the toes in a rigid state and it will be 
seen what this means. Generally the great 
difficulty among pupils is not that there is 
too much finger action, but too little of 
the "muscular" to combine with it. A 

while each is of value when properly 
applied, a somewhat happy medium, cast- 
ing the balance largely in favor of the 
fore-arm, is probably the safest and best. 
Much of the present craze of movement, 
however, is only a false alarm, for we 
venture to say that there is not a penman 
of repute who has not practiced and 
taught "muscular movement" for years. 
Its use dates at leist as far back as (lar- 
stairs, and all homage in its behalf is due 
to an earlier generation than ouiu 

The next step in order of movement is 
to give appropriate gbding exercises to 
produce a steady, flowing movement — the 
essential to true rapidity in writing. 
Meantime and at proper intervalH during 
the development of the movements a 
thorough and systematic study is made of 
the elements and principles; also of let- 
ters, including their classification, anal- 
ysis, synthesis and combination. Figures, 
characters, capitals, words, sentences, 
paragraphs, business forms and business 
correspondence are all considered respect- 

The business writer, like the bxisiness 
man, mvist be equipped for emergencies, 
therefore we would have pupils familiar 
with at least all movements named and 
skilled in their practice to the possibility 
of their using either at will as occasion 
may require. Yd liitU' iittmilon is given 

to any moveiiu'iir im{ I \ lU ihnt most 

important oui, td i -.: < n mhir. 

While develiip . ni.n- power, 

speed should Ih > n i < i mectiou 

with a finn un-l -i. i.h, .i i,.i,, in ili,. 

study of form i.ii< ^IkmiM i iii\:iim| 

rather than s|iiT>( .-I h - il. r.iniil- 

iarityandpracri.-i ■.v ill i,,-,i .-1^ , ii <.| th.-m- 
selves if speed U- nv^>->[. m.l H ■<\u>uUi be, 
though never at th.- cxpi'ii^i- of legibility. 
It is rarely safr tn turn on "full steam" 
till well under headwav. or till the muscles 
are well under control, an<l. no degree of 
it should be allowed that interferes with 
intelligent practice. 

Let not reason be sacrificed for method 
upon any pMnt. Accustom the mind to 
large views and to working on broad prin- 
ciples and it will instinctively adopt meth- 
ods correspondent, ami w!lf radiate from 
its own action H-M iml hull, i,p,m many 
a point in qu.-t[. I inu'cly de- 

pends upon tlu ,1.; I,, icacherto 

interpret what li. -, ■ |i|:i. |>M-int needs 
and to make ;ii)|)Iic;iihhi nj file game 
through its imdcrlying principles taken 
in their natural order of growth, the more 
complicated growing out nf the simple, 
and insisting uf.nn ttuir rnmiilrf r mastery. 

The object <•{ tin |m|.. i , ,int to pre- 

.scribe any absoliih i In. I ..i iufallible 

method, butonlv i.. -(<■ > piiiial outline 
of what has .stinK.l io l>.- n-ipiired and 
yielded best results during au uninter- 
i-upted experience nf more than 20 years 
ns teacher of writing in business colleges. 

Quhtcij. Itr 

The Ornamental Specimen 

\V. J. IflfBrlilc, oi <'lil4iiu;o, lli<> flrMl 
Prlz<> IVliimT. 

The fact that there were only two orott- 
meutnl specimens printed from which to 
choose, and the conspicuous superiority 
of one — judging by the voting — auised a 
large falling oil in the total vote in this 
class, as compared with that of the prize 
flourishing class. This is the total vote: 
B 705 

Total 915 

The author of specimen D, who wins 
the prize for having presented the best of 
all the specimens received, is W. J. Mc- 
Bride, 137 Pine street, Chicago. His de- 
sign clearly shows that he has the artistic 
faculty in a high degree, and with a little 
more studious practice he is likely to make 
his mark in this line. 

The author of specimen E, who wins 
the prize for having presented the second 
best of all the specimens received, is A. 
Phillbrick, a student of A. C. Webb, 
Nashville, Tenn. He, too, bids fair to 
become a skillful professional. It is a 
little unfortunate, perhaps, that his design 
was not more original, and this lost him 
many votes, judging from the correspond- 
ence on the subject. Some of those who 
voted for D expre-ssed the opinion that K 
was superior in point of clearness of exe- 
cution, but was far behind it in origi- 
nality, symmetry and general artistic effect. 
And this seems to us to have been a very 
f&ir judgment. 

D, however, had its friends, and some 
well-known penmen expressed a preferiJliee 
for it. Among the number were A. A. 
Clark, Cleveland, Ohio; E. L. Wiley, 
Painesville, Ohio; (). O. Runkle, Marahall- 
town, Iowa; C. H. Gorsline, West New 
Brighton, N. Y., all teachers of writing in 
the public schools; C. N. Faulk, Sioux 
Citv, Iowa, Business College; «. W. Dix, 
Garden City. Knii, Ru'^inesa College; (). L. 
Doniev ".-ptirv Mi.„tf.wn, Pa.. Business 
CollfL" ' I' ' ' I' riNirnental penman., . , ,\ II ( ha.«ic. ornamental 

penuKu,, M : : . n Thf great pre- 

Moorc and Zaner, winn 
ing class, both voteil \ 
Fielding Schofield, tin 

... J bMUtiful in its simplicity i 

clearness of execution, though it displays lesa 
talent and is clearly imitative. 

The three business letters shown in this 
number present abundant opportunities 
for a sharp competition, as in the case of 
the flourished specimens. All the sub- 
scribers of The Jouhnai, are cordially in- 
vited to send in their votes, and to send 
them in early. 

Alas! For a Standard. 

I TrojB 


[t okThk Jouknal; 
It n revelation lost month's voting 
yp erods ! what humbuffs we pen- 
■e I No standard of excellencv from 
to judge; hence, like doctors, we 
disagree. Yours, F. H. Hai.l. 
.V. }'.. Bu^ineM ColUije. 

Prize Contest Suggestic 

Allow me to moke the suggestion that 
the readers of Thk Journal "chip in'' 
and help make up a handsome puree to be 
(livided into, say, three prizes for the best 
design and work suitable for a large speci- 
men piece. This, I think, would bring 
out the best workers in the profession in 
larger numbers than heretofore. I would 
like to see a first prize of at least $50 and am 
willing to start it with $5. It is worth 
something to design and execute a really 
good, large piece, and prizes suitably large 
fall heavily on one man— even an editor. 
Respectfully, F. G. Steei.r. 

damhriilge, Ohio. 

We print the above suggestion for 
what it may be worth as coming from a 
profesaional pen worker in the ornamental 
line. If a contest on the lines indicated 
lie at all feasible, perhaps the most practi- 
cal scheme would be the assessment of 
competitors by an entrance fee If the 
first prize was to be $50, the second 
should not be less than $10, making $60 
to be raised. Whether the inducements 
are sufficient to guarantee this sum by 
voluntary subscription (to help out the en- 
trance fee) we are not prepared to suy, nor 
even to express an opinion. It all de- 
pends, of course, on how many men there 
are in the profession willing to pay $5, 
like Mr. Steele (or more or lessj, for the 
good that is to come from such a contest 
as suggested. 

An OlTer (o Auiateurit. 

Editor op The Journal: 

If you will act as judge, I will give a 
gold pen to the subscriber wiio sends in 
the best written letter (for photo-engrav- 
ing) before May 1. The conditions are: 
The writer must be an amateur and not 
over 21 years of age. H. R. Osthom. 

228 W. Fifty-eighth street. New Tork. 

The editor will examine any letter 
which moy he sent in conformity with the 
abovu, and render decision according to 
liis judgment of their merits. 

Special Writing Teachers in 
the Public Schools. 

Editor of The Journal: 

In response to the request for a list of 
towns in the United States that employ 
special teachers of pounianship in their 
public schools, I beg to submit a partial 
list, drawn chiefly from the reports of the 
Commissioner of Education: 

h'alary per 

Little Rock, Ark |i546 

Stockton, Cal 1,-iOO 

Galesburg, III (JOO 

Fort Wayne, lud 800 

Lafayette, lud 990 

Bangor, Me 000 

Bath, Me 500 

Fitcbbure. Mass 000 

Spriugfiefd, Moss iKH) 

Adi-ian, Mich 000 

Aim Arbor, Mich ,iOO 

East Saginaw, Mich IKX) 

Uraud Hapids, Mich 1 000 

Muskoguii, Mich 050 

St. t'tiiil, Miim 1,450 

Winona. Miim 700 

Portsmouth, N. H 800 

U)fkpiirt, N. Y 900 

lloiiie, N. Y 500 

Syracuse, N. Y 1,200 

Watertowiij N. Y 400 

Canton, Ohio 600 

Cincinnati, Ohio 1,400 

Cleveland. Ohio 760 

Springfield^ Ohio 1,000 

ZauetivUle, Ohio 900 

Allegheny. Pa 576 

Petei-sbm-g. ^a 075 

Middletowii. Conn 800 

Cedar Rapids, luwa 500 

Council Blutfs, Iowa 800 

Miiscatuio, Iowa 700 

Flint, Mich llOO 

Newark, Ohio iiOU 

Bradford. Pa (iuO 

New Castle, Pa 400 

Scnmton, Pa 400 

Utiou, N. Y fluO 

There may be some errors in the above, 
but it is correct as far as I c-m learn. I 
am unable to furnish the names of the 
tcachcrti, which. I think, would be of in- 
terest if ihey could be obtained. 

TaouAs Powers, 
Teacher of Writing in the Public Schools 

of Watertown, N. Y. 

©fioztriaiib '^cpothncui'. 

.1// m-itUr iut<!u>h>l for fhiM ,lr,Hirtnnnt 
(inclu/liiifj xht/rthaiitl rxehamjen) nhonld he 
sad to Mr». L. U. Paciard', 101 East 23r/ 
street. Nets Tori- 

Isaac Dement, 
Young Reporter, 
able to Graham w 
that are valuabl 

I his " Suggestions to t 

book especially valu- 
ers, gives a few don'ts 
to all stenographers, 
of them : 
contortionist of yourself 

while taking notes. Be quiet and orderly, 
no matter how fast the matter may be 

Don't stick your tongue out of the cor- 
ner of your mouth when rushed, or do 
any other similar thing. It shows you are 
laboring and the attorneys will lose confi- 
dence ■ 

Don't do anythiriL' ttutf will : 
tention to you in ttir l< :i^t <)(l'i 

Don't hcsitati' tn n-k ,i \\ iinr- 
something he hius siiui Mt iudisli 
you couUl not catch it. It is nc 
poor reporter to do this ; it is 

Don't fail to do anything in r 
the accuracy of youi 

ittract at- 
r.-, except 

uitly that 
mark of a 
rather the 

will add 

Don't fail to read ( 
at least the first year 

rail , 

■ of your pract 

shorthand if \ 


en up so 

not read it, and noi 
familiar with votir-. 
If you arc not'fiimil 
cannot get speed, f( 

Don't blunder out a question or answer 
when called upon to read, but quietly 
read over to yourself the matter that is 
wanted. It is Inttn tn tnki' ihis precau- 
tion than to b< 
bluuder throng 
that wheu thi-; 
tremendous s 

Don't try to dictate to two operatoi-s at 
the start; one is enough for you. 

Don't fail to look over the copy and cor- 
rect all typographical errors before you let 
It go out of the office. 

Don't lie about your speed ; it is better 
you don't know what your speed is for 
a year or so, and to frankly say so, for 
this will 'ue the truth. You may have 
a terrible speed in the office and you 
may not have any under the case I first 
stated. Until you are able to hold your 
head aud hand under the most trying 
conditions your speed is an unknown 
quantity, but wheu you have outrun your 
stage friglit then ascertain your speed 
and compare it with that of the best re- 
uorters, aud if you find yourself behind 
in that respect, set yourself about in- 
creasing it. 

Don't go around saying "I can write 
240 words in a minute, therefore nobody 
can write any faster;" for there never 
was anything so good but there was 
something better. 

Don't, when you have grown old in 
the art, forget you ever were a student, 
but at all times be ready to aid the 
mortal struggling with a text-book. 

Don't fail to keep posted in your pro- 
fession, A great many reporters say tliey 
haven't lime to read the shorthand papers; 
they had better take time. The papers 
may not contain anything new to tiiem 
(though they probably will), yet they 
must have learned many things which 
would be useful to the profession, and 
t is their duty to let such things be 

Don't think your system is the best. 

Don't think your particular style of 
book or paper is the best. 

Don't think your way of getting out 
copy is the best and only way. 

Don't think you ai 
Id the country. 

Don't say you neve 
we all know better. 

In conclusion, don't let the substance 
get away, even if you have to lose the 
majority of the worda 

There is a tendency on the part of all 
teachers who dictate to classes for short- 
hand practice to fall into a dreary mono- 
tone, uttering the words at equi-distant 
intervals, with no regard to the meaning 
of what is being read, and certainly giving 
the class no idea of the meaning of what 
they write. Inasmuch as no dictator of 
letters, no lawyer, no witness, no minister 
and no lecturer speaks in that way, that 
style of reading should be avoided. Un- 
less the student gets the ine;ming of what 

( the best reporter 
■ get " busted,'' for 

be writes he cannot make good notes; un- 
less he makes good notes he will not make 
a good transcript. If the class can write 
only 25 words a minute the words should 
be uttered just as rapidly as if for rapid 
writing, and when a sentence or phrase 
has been read the reader should stop until 
the class is within two or three words of 
the end, wheu the reading should be con- 
tinued. In this way the class will be able 
to write continuously, get the meaning of 
what is read and be much more likely to 
phrase properly than if the drawling, slow 
styleof reading is adopted. Students having 
a good knowledge of phrase-writing have 
been known, when practicing for speed, to 
drop phrases almost entirely, simply be- 
cause the reading was such as not only not 
to suggest phrasing but to render it almost 

It is also important that the stops should 
not be too frequent. Teach your pupils to 
remember long sentences. Their ability to 
carry in their minds many words (and 
their meaning) will be of vast benefit to 
them hereafter, not only in taking notes, 
but in copying them. 

A lady of this city who is an expert 
typewriter operator can copy five lines of 
typewriter matter with only once looking 
at the copy. What an amount of time and 
actual labor is thus saved. 

There is no demand for incompetents, 
even if they attain to a high rate of speed. 
The demand is for those who can do ac- 
curate and neat work, and this demand is 
not aud can not be supplied. If a short- 
hand writer is out of employment it is be- 
cause he is careless, incompetent aud has 
bad habits. The competent shorthand 
writer can always obtain employment and 
command a good salary. — Stuudard Steno- 
graphic Magazine. 

A partial list of contractions, with the 
derivative words, is given in this number. 
It will be continued or concluded in the 
next number. Every pupil, as well as 
every teacher, will understand the ad- 
vantage of having the phonographic out- 
lines instead of letters to represent them. 
A list of words out of position will follow 
the contractions. 

Exercise foi 

[Words inulosed 



equent ot the con- 
f liosltioa are itall- 


Having learned a business, (it is) almost 
always unwise, and sometimes (it is) even 
dangerous, (to change) it, either in whole 
or (in part,) for (any other) calling. (It is 
not) (at all) probable that (you will) suc- 
ceed better (in a) business (that is) new (to 
you) than (in the) one (you understand), 
and so long (as that) yields you a support 
(you cannot) safely surrender it for (some- 
thing else. ) (We have) a national vice (in 
this regard) (which is) hardly less hurtful 
and dangerous (than the) one already al- 
luded to, and (it is) a result of precisely 
the same causes. While unskilled work- 
ers were (in demand) aud unskilled work 
was profitable, (it was) safe enough, and 
often advisable, (to substitute) one occu- 
pation (for another,) laboring (to supply) 
the demaud (of the) day. The alteration 
(which has) taktn place (in the) character 
(of our) country, our growth (from the) 
condition of new settlements (to that) 
of populous States, has wrought a change 
(in all this), and (as it is) now of para- 
mount int/iortanre that every man should 
learn a business, so, too, (it is) only (in the) 
persistent pursuit (of that) business (that 
there is) now any safety. The temptation 
(to change) is often a very strong one, and 
it comes in many shapes. The danger lies 
chiefly, however, (in the) specious allure- 
ment of catchpenny callings. When one 
finds (his own) avocation a plodding one, 
yielding only its small regular wages, the 
temptation (to change) is strong. And 
when, (in such a) case, (he is) permitted 

(to catch) a glimpse (of the) occasional 
earnings of some follower (of a) prcf 
carious business, it Itrcomes aliiwit ir- 
resistible. (In such a) case (it is) 
well (to rtmuinther) firat, that (so much) 
(in a) day (is not) (so much) (every 
day;) and secondly, that for every man 
that succeeds in callings (of this) sort, (at 
leiist) ten fail utterly. The canvasser who 
makes fifty dollars (in a) day is certain (to 
speak) (of the)/W(, (but he is) equally cer- 
tain uot (to say) anything (of the) many 
weary days whose work brought him noth- 
ing. (Of the) canvassers who fail entirely, 
we naturally hear nothing (at all.) The 
chances of success in callings (of this) 
general character, aud (these are) the avo- 
cations which the peopfe who cfuimje from 
one business (to another) commonly adopt, 
are (very much) smaller (than the) chances 
of failure. In truth, not one person (in ft) 
hundred (has the) qiuiliji^ui.ti<ma necessary 
(to wiu) tolerable success (in this kind) of 
work. These qualifications are inherent, 
and not (to be) acquired (in any way;) 
(with them) failure is simply inevitable, 
aud most of us are (in fact) utterly desti- 
tute (of them,) wherefore a very large pro- 
portion (of those) (who have) tried business 
(of this kind) have failed (in the) attempt. 
The temptation (to abandon) one avoca- 
tion (for another) is greatly increased (by 
the) false lights (in which) (we see) other 
people^s work aud other pevpWii circinn- 
stances. Most men seem prosperous (to 
their) neighbors, who see only their mode 
of life aud their expenditures, knowing 
nothing (of their) toil or (of the) economy 
which they find it necessary (to practice) 
in private. So, too, every man's work 
seems easier and more agreeable than (our 
own,) simply because (we see) it (from the) 
outside, knowing nothing (of the) drudgery 
incident (to it,) the dd^cultyoi doing it or 
the poverty of its results, (as its) doer 
kiiows them. 

Of (our own) work we tire (now aud 
then), and (when we) do, we exaggerate 
its difficidty (and the) disagreeable things 
attending it. Its results are much smaller 
than (we have) hoped, perhaps, and we 
naturally assume (that they are) smaller 
than those attained by our neighbor. We 
draw unjust comparisons between his lot 
or his work and (our own), knowing (our 
own) perfectly (aud his) imperfectly. 
Now (it is) a well-known /«/•/ (that the) 
profits of different handicrafts (do not) 
materially vary from one standard, and fit 
is) safe (to say) (that there is) no great 
difference (between the) net results (of all 
the) avocations open (to any one) man. 
(In other words.) every man's money-get- 
ting power is limited (by his) character, 
his intellectual capacity, his education, 
(and his) capital. These enable him (to 
follow) (any one of) certain avocations, 
(and bis} tunings (will be) substantially 
till -nil. vvlirtli.r he adopt one (or an- 
nilin I !<■{ tliri c/il lings thus open (to him). 
U Imi ti,, ,,-iiii I would be) (if he) (had a) 
h/i'/'i- capiial nr better education or 
greater capacity, aud so were fitted for 
some business (which he) cannot follow 
(at all) as (he is), (is not) worth while (to 
inquire.) (Such as) (he is) (he is) capable 
of making a certain amount of money, and 
he could hardly increase the amount (if 
his) business were (other than) (it is). 
(To change), therefore, from (one of the) 
businesses open (to him) (to another) which 
cannot pay better is useless (in any case), 
and (when the) chamje is (from the) calling 
(in which) the man (is an) expert (to one) 
(in which) (he is) a mere tyro, (it is) sheer 
[A phonotrraphic transcript of the above will 




1.101 : 

t Twenty- 


The JonRNAL at the Hub. — "Thk 
JoUKNAL has been our constant school 
visitor for many years, enlivening and in- 
structing bv precept and illust ratfon. 
With us, as with the profession generally, 
it has molded our style during the pres- 
ent decade, and that the tone and man- 
ner of the penwork of to-day has im- 
proved through its inspiration is beyond 
question. You and Tun .Joltinal and 
Gazette have our sincere congratulations 
and best wishes for continued prosperity 
and longevity." — C. A. and F. H. BuR- 
iirtt. Burdctt's Business College, Boston. 


According T arialncracy-trc - 1 

arknowlcilgfi _ / A artilicial . 

■AJ AJ- / /(_.ij> y 
Hdvcrtisft ^ D L 1^ <k 


bempnaDt \ . _ _ children./^. 

bewoen | Chrislinn __^..^...°^.. 



beyond . 
bishopric . , 
brethren .^.. 

but . \ 

ciimBtance 6 
-inimstjiniial . 


. contingency 



apablc. ~V.-. V 

captain ^ could 

catholic count; 

celcstiaMy .C/ 

change / / // ... A ..V..'"'^r'/ Dcc-embfr i^.. 

itterietic . ,^ ... _ defendant .1 . .. 

charge i.,\....^. degree 

"rrfr;[^/f/T.-i "T'I 



(iescribp .. 

Effect I S^ J V 

endeavor ./~1*..>rn>.^Tli . 

develop L -U^ L. L \ eapecial-Iy.-J 

did ...| 09tabii8h.i_^^.{ . ., 

difrer.ence-cnH..j^.|..|^.I/r^..^ ovaogelical .L.^^^ 



"'H:K ^: 

ixperience . A . ^A- *^ 

discnminnle t . . .^^. extraordinary- . 

'«-'i u^^n^ 


distinguishing I Fact 


Dr (doctor) familia 


dol lar familiarity 


ilic Itt^ttt February . L. . . 



..L halve. >.. 




. health-jYl /^ /X(^. /^i^ .rXj> . 

nii-iy.y/ ..hear -^^ 

■ranon/ |"^...^. Wve.\.V^,_, ^ ^ 

gentleman ■''®*'* ■(sVn'^^Cs 

Ko„,.cmc„»' Mpr\co>,(\i\rv r/^ 

„^ r\r 

rn ...a -^ _^.- ,-j< _:?> —a/o - ber ."^ 

Across the Continent. 

I Thr ill lint idti'iun in thin ptipfr itre priuteel 
by thr ronrttnn of Mr. H'. C. Hiletj. jmh- 
Hither of thr OjHrhi/ Ouidt-noofc of the 
XarfJiern Pttcijir. Jtailwny, hy irhir.h i-autr 
thr VeUotrgf/tnr Park ia reiirhr/f.] 

The reader who has so fur followed us 
hurriedly from New York to San Fran- 
cisco, thence to the splendid Valley of the 
Yoscmite, the fninous Mnriponn jfrove of 

Pacitic. The great Yellowstone Lake ami 
the picturesque Shoshone Lake arc also 
in the southern portion. 

Seventeen ycnrs ago the United States 
Congress set apart this area for a national 
park, closing it forever to settlers. Since 
that time it has been under the charge of 
a sort of military police, who patrol it con- 
tinually and keep a sharp lookout on the 
visitors who pour into it during the warm 
season by the thousi\nd. No one is al- 
lowed to take anything away nor to bear 
firearms, and the slightest infraction of 
these rules is punished by summary ex- 
pulsion from the park, which thencefor- 
ward becomes a closed book tu the offend- 
ing tourist. Large game of various kinds. 

bij: litis iind the vaiious pitiuts of interest 
on till- Tiicitie Slope, was left in our Janu- 
ary issue at (Munabar, the terminus of the 
biiinrh load which drops down from the 
Hue of thu Northern Pacific road at Liv- 
ingston, waiting for the stage coach to 
take him through the National Yellow- 
stone Park. And what revelatisns of 
physical beauty and clu-miciil wonder 
await the explorer of that marvelous 

The ticket procured at fjivingston at a 
cost of ^m Mipets all the ordinary cx- 
peusrs of :i fivp-dnys' (300 miles) tour of 
■ills and lodging 

nbuti-d ;ib. 


lent locations included. 
To the intelligent reader the barest 
mention of the location, extent, &e., of 
the Yellowstone Park will suffice. It lies 
in the midst of the most elevated part of 
the Rocky Mountains. It is almost en- 
tirely in the noilhwpstern portion nf the 
Territory of Wyoming, a iinnow ledge on 
the north ;ind west IviiiL' in Ihe Terri- 

'>f Monl>i 

iind > 

mil I 


seelion being in the Te 
Us. area is about :1500 .<'i|uare miles, or, to 
|int it in a more practical way, one 
might chalk out the States of Delaware 
and Ithode Island on a map of the Yel- 
lowstone Park and still have a &pa(« left 
representing an area of about 500 square 
miles. Thn.ugh the park course the 
tlanliner, the Yellowstone and other swift- 
running rivers. Mere are the head- waters 
of the v;ist Missouri River system. In the 
southern part of the rcacrvatioo is the 
■'Coutimntal nivide." " The 
snow on one slope of the Uockii 
rests until it is poured into the liosom of 
the Atlantic thnnigh the Gulf of Mexico; 
Ihe waters of the other slope pventiially 
find their way. over dancing cataracts and 
through interminable caflons, to the 

■ Idaho. 



thus protected, roam through the park in 
herds. About the only thing free to the 
visitor is the fishing. 

The topography of the park 
didly unique. Everywhere are 
evidences of volcanic forma- 
tion. There are indisputable 
proofs, too, at points, of the ex- 
istence of colossal glaciers at 
some remote period The tour 
ist who has i,\ploied the won 
ders of the Rockies in the 
vieinit\ of Manitou and Pikes 
Peak, who his drunk in the 
wild giiindeur of tli( Giand 
Black and VrKansas canons 
who haq stood on the floor of 
the Valley of the It o^emitt and 
looked with awt upon those 
giant monoliths veintd with 
waterfalls hnds it impossible to 
conceive that nature can hold 
anything else in reserve. The 
rng-e<l,u-v-. ||„. ^^,.;^hK■s^. the 

The first sight to attract the tourist's at- 
tention is the remarkable terraces of the 
Mammoth Hot Springs. The accompany- 
ing picture gives a very intelligent view of 
the main terrace. This remarkable forma- 
tion is wholly the product of the calcerous 
deposit from the water of the springs, 
which has built itself into this shape by 
accumulation of ages. Some of the "steps" 
are 8 or 10 feet high; others mere ledges. 
The overflowing water from the boiling 
springs at the top is emptied into the 
Gardiner River, a thousand feet below. 
The edges of the terraces are fretted and 
Htudded with crystals, red, green, blue 
and other colors, sprinkling a predom- 
inating snowy white . The crystallization 
in places, as shown by the 
picture, presents the appear-, 
ance of frozen cascades. 

The two white shafts 
shown in the smaller section 
<'i the picture are cones of 
extinct springs. They are also 
calcerous formations growing 
out of the sediment of the 
water. The larger of them 
is 45 feet high and 20 feet in 
diameter at tlie base. It is 
known as Liberty Cap. 
Ciiint's Thumb is the name 
'if the other. 

This calcerous deposit ex- 
tends over an area of several 
-st|uare miles, comprising a 
number of terraces similar 
to that described. Many of 
the springs of these terraces, 
except the first, are now ex- 
tinct. There are numerous 
hot sjirings, however, along 
(he course of the river. 

About nine miles from the 

Mammoth Hot Springs the 

route of the tourist takes him 

piist the celebrated Obsidian 

ClilTs. These arc brittle walls 

uf opaque volcanic glass, 

about 200 feet high and 1000 

feet in extent. The sunlight 

playing upon this jetty mass, relieved in 

places by veins of red and yellow, gives 

some dazzling effects. 

The first of the great geyser fields ap- 

as hasty pudding is puffing and boiling. 
These mud springs are known as "paint 

Some of the geysers spurt every few 
minutes, while others are in action only 
once a day. or even less. These geysers 
have funnels which penetrate the earth 
almost vertically to an unknown depth. 
(The writer enjoyed i.he sensation of de- 
scending by iHdders into the inky funnel 
of an extinct "spouter" for a depth of 
200 feet.) Along this funnel, and partic- 
ularly at the bottom, it is supposed, are 
various indentations or ''pockets," which 
become filled with steam from the hot 
springs about them. As the water pours 
into the funnel from the springs above, 
this steam at the bottom becomes more 
and more compressed until finally the explo- 
sion takes place which causes the watery 

The most pretentious geyser in this 
locality is the Monarch, which once in 
24 hours ssnds up a column of watera hun- 
dred feet high. 

It is further on, at the Lower Geyser 
Basin, that the geyser wonder of the world is 
to be seen. The basin covers a tract of about 
40 square miles, over which are distributed 
more than GOO hot springs and 17 geysers. 
And the greatest of them all i^'the Excel- 
sior. Once every hour and twenty minutes 
it settles down to business, and it is 
worth going across the continent to see. 
Around the cone of its funnel is a capa- 
cious basin 250 feet in diameter and tilled 
with boiling hot water fed by oumemus 
hot si)nngs. Suddenly there is a qunkirii,^ 
and rumbling in the bowels of the eaith, 
and with a thunderous roar that may !"■ 
heard for miles a magniftoent column of 
water lifts itself like a flash anywhere from 
100 to 300 feet. The water of the basin 
goes rushing to join the spurting column, 
which varies in diameter from 15 to per- 
haps 40 feet. Great stones are hurled even 
far above the uplifted water, falling hun- 
dreds of feet away and causing the specta- 
tors to flee for safety. The eruption con- 
tinues for several minutes. Most of the 
descending water pours over the ledge of 
the btisin down into the Fjrehole River, 
which for half a mile becomes a seething 
flood. The basin, almost dry now, is re- 


margin left. But after a week's 
acquaintiuice with the Yellow- 
stone, each hour marking a 
new sensation, his astonished 
and delighted senses tell him — 
This is the crowning wonder. 

With its jagged mountain en- 

vironments. as grim, as majestic, 
as capricious as those of the Yosemite, and 
scarcely below them in loftiness, the subter- 
ranean wonders of the Yellowstone give it a 
charm that is all its own. The floor of 
the valley is largely ascrai-ealccrouscrust. 
below which little rivers of boiling water 
are seething and gurgling by chemical ac- 
tion. The more active of these s|M-iiigs 
wo-k their way to the surface and period- 
ically send up great lets of steaming water. 

proached by this route is the Norris Geyser 
Basin. Over a large tract of land hot 
springs bubble up and geysers spout at 
every turn. The clouds of rising steam, 
the sputtering and sizzling of the springs 
and the intermittent action of the geysers 
bewilder the visitor. The water of the 
geysers and nuniy of the springs is as clear 
as crystal, while in other springs a short 
distance away pasty, colored mud as thick 

plenished by its underlying springs 
for the ne.vt discharge. 
This great geyser, the largest an 

able and most magnificent sight.s con 

Further on, in the Upper Geyser B 
is a group of splendid geysers that an 
w*ondcr and admiration of the tourist. 

IIK-.S arc locit(c»l 
of half a squufL- mile. Forcii 
among them in poiiiilnrity, becuusc of his 
'able habit of spurting every 65 minutes 
and never disappointing the audience, is 
Old Faithfiil. The operntiun continues 
for full five minutes. A good idea of this 
geyser in action is shown in the nccom- 
panying picture. The Decdlc-likt' uuhT 
' ■ lu-iL'hl from Htd h. i:,il 

■ ribbon there in its appalling depths, 

> you ding here to this jutting rtK'k the falh 

ah"eady many hundred feet below you, 

thtin the yawTi- 

ng of that chasm. And the stilhiess. solemn 
midnight, profound as death ! 

dashing there, as in a kind of 
agony, against those rocks, 
>t hear. The mighty 
laj-B the fiuger o"f 
its white lips. You 

noon until the simsct shades t-anie, and aftpr- 
wanl, amid the moonbeams, 1 watted ther(> 
clinging to that rock, jutting out into that 
ova-powonng, ^rgeous chasm. I was ap- 

unbroken, < 

But your eyes i 

' disti-acted 


the paper [inred. 

The falls nnroU theii- whiteness down amid the 
canon glooms. * * * These rocky sides are 
almost perpendicular ; indeed, in many places 

accnstometl to llic saftcr tuils nf nature, 
ixaggeratiou, would he the utmost 
compared with the reahty. It is as 

Pen is mif^hf ier than theSword," 
I sudden and dynamic stroke, 

The peu we leaned on into fragments broke. 

Some angel told our inexperienced youth 

That, after all. that copy told the truth ' 

p Pen ! wliat if thy pui-set* hold 


What if thou shoveth 'neath the printer's 
Cords of missiwlled apd unpunctuated prose I 
What if, though picked from wing of e 

the boiling springs have gouged them out so as 
to leave overhanging cliffs and tables at the 
top. Take a stone and throw it over — you nnist 
wait long before you hear it stj-ikc. Nothing 

thtnigh the most glorious sunset you ( 

Thou'rt yet by that loud biped of in \ 

had been caught and held upon that resplend- Thou'rt often plucked from wisdom's gUtter 
t'Df)^aw^ul gorge. | jng wing, 

t we cannot hail thee Sanctum King I 

rnc, awim gi 
Through i 

uarly all the houi-s of that after- 

Pe.\m.\ns .\rt Journal 

Advertising rates, 80 cents per agate line, 
$2.50 per inch, each insertion. Diacorintu for 
ferm and space, Speciai estimates furnished 
on application. No advertisements taken for 
le^s than f2. 

Av«rai£c vlrrulntloo last year over 


Suhsrriptuin : One year $1 ; one number 10 
ri-nfj«. Nv /re* samples e-xcept to liona flde 
(lyrnts who are aid them in 
taking subscriptions. Premium list on p. 13. 

ir. H. Horseman, of the Brantford Busi- 
ness College, Brantford, Ontario, is THE 
JOURNAL'S accredited agent in that ctty 



New York, narcli, 





iiB In Practical Wrltlng-No 
<• f.f .Vnlllii.- inks ""'■ 




Tl.. . 

, ' ..1,1, - 


V'':':.7::'r '" ' 

If Puljiic 
'. ..■.■.■.30-37 

Pra, t 

. M, 1 

iit: About 

A. II" 


iind other JouR- 

1 Exchangers.. 

3 Little 40 

or February 41 

ScBooL AND Personal 41 



nubs for February. 

Bditor^s SURAP Book „ 

Chnractei' and Individuality In FeDmanahin. 43 
Marctis H. Tor. 

Educational Notes 42 

Just for Fun 42 

To Itemove lok Stains 4a 

PenPoints " 43 

Instruction in Ponwork— No. 13 43 

i Terrace; Upper 

. E. Chase) 40 


The JocRNAi, has made arrangemeots 
with Messrs. M. B Moore, C. P. Zancr, 
and Fielding Schoficld, winners of the 
prizes offered for the best three pen flour- 
ishes, for a lesson each on Pen Flourish- 
ing. These lessons will be printed in the 
April. May and June issues of The Jomi- 
NAi. respectively. Each lesson will occupy 
fit least a page of The Journal and will 
be richly illustrated. Of course each 
author will show his best, both in te.\t 
and illvistration. Each is an acknowl- 
edged master of the art. and after the 
splendid specimens from their pens re- 
cently printed, what may we not expect? 

A .Vrtv Tlourlal,lng ConteBt— $40 in 

The extraordinary success of our recent 
prize flourishing contest, both iu the 
beautiful specimens it brought out and 
the interest it stirred up in penmanship 
circles, has induced us to offer still greater 
inducements for another contest. The 
time given in the last contest was rather 
short, many penmen who might have com- 
peted being barred by pressure of other 
cnjfiigements. The plan wc propose now 
will, we believe, be universally satisfac- 

For the best flourish wc offer a 
prize nf |;2.>. 

For the sucoud best flourish we offer 
a cnsh prize of $10. 

For the third best flourish we offer a 
copy of ■• Ames' Compendium of Practical 
and Ornameutnl Penmanship" (pnce. $5). 

Competitors to have until September 1 
to get their specimens into this office. 
The same rules that governed the last con- 
test to govern this, and the awarding of 
prizes to be made in the same way — by 
vote of TnE JorRNAL readers. 

All intending competitors will oblige 
by notifying us of their determination. 

Somr Of Nvmt Month's Attrartions. 

Beginning of Professor Hoff's writing 

Page-lesson in flourishing (richly illus- 
trated), by either Moore, ZanerorSchofield. 

Prize-winning papers on teaching writ- 
ing in public schools. 

Bird-flourish, by D. H. Farley; let- 
ters, by F. H. Hall ; a beautiful example 
of plain script, by J. P. Byrne; illus- 
trations in plain and ornamental penwork. 
by The Journal staff, H. W. Kibbe and 


After all, the old question of the 
successful teaching of penmanship in the 
public schools is the one of paramount im- 
portance to the youth of our land. We 
have given the subject a great deal of 
thought, and it seems to us very clear that 
it is a (juestion of reaching the brains and 
the consciences of the public school teach- 
ers. The pupils are all right and ripe. 
How many of The Journal readers (un- 
less they happen to be well acquainted 
in the few cities that employ special teach- 
ers of writing) can call the names of half 
a dozen public school teachers who care a 
rap for penmanship anyhow 'i How many 
of the hundreds of "educational" jour- 
nals of this country — the journals that 
draw their thinly buttered bread from the 
public school teachers — devote any part 
of their sacred space to the exposition of 
scientific methods pt teaching writing ? 
We see column alter column devoted to 
botany and physiology, logarithms and 
what-not, supplemented by magnificent 
essays on the propagation of barnacles and 
mushrooms, but scarcely ever a word on 
a branch of education that is the primary 
requisite of the average young person who 
expects to earn his own bread. 

The writer was present at 
the National Educational Convention at 
Sau Francisco last summer. Public school 
teachers from every State and Territory in 
the Union were prestflt, and many from 
the outside, running up in the thousands 
in the aggregate. From beginning to end 
of the proceedings, extending over several 
days, not one word was said about the 
teaching of penmanship. The proceed- 
ings reek with discussions and disserta- 
tions on almost every conceivable educa- 
tional topic, ej-cept that particular subject 
which is universal and all-comprehensive— 
which must in some fashion become a part 
of the education of every boy and girl in 
the land. Theories and methods of teach- 
ing history, grammar, geography, mathe- 
matics, physics, &c.. &c., without limit; 
the graphic, preservative art— penmanship 
—the custodian of thought and events. 
nil. The writer happens to know, too, 
that this was not a mere oversight on the 
part of the powers that be in the National 
Educational Association. Long before the 
assembling of the convention their notice 
was directed to this neglected branch, and 
an earnest plea made to give it some recog- 
nition. The appeal was not even pro- 
of the most formal acknowlcd^- 

This is the state ol things that confronts 
us. There is no use begging the question. 
The public school teachers, or those who 
have the direction of the course of educa- 
tion in this country as a class, do not in- 
terest themselves in teaching those under 
their care how to write. Give the hoy a 
copy and let him work at the puzzle for 
himself or give it up as a bad job, as most 
of the teachers have done. If anything goes 


wrong, blame the copybooks. That is the 
most convenient way so far devised to let 
down the delinquent teacher easily, and 
he long ago learned to work the trick for 
all it is worth. 

But who is to teacli these public school 
teachers, provided any considerable num- 
ber of them cared to learn ? Who is to 
show them how to develop the artistic 
ideal and the manual dexterity in their 
pupils ? Who but the specialists in pen- 
manship — the men who have devoted their 
educated faculties to just that— teach- 
ing boys and girls to write? That is the 
conclusion we have reached. That is the 
conclusion which must force itself upon 
anyone who has given the subject intelli- 
gent thought That is what has induced 
us to seek with great persistency a full and 
free expression of opinion, not of one but 
of all the recognized masters in this line, 
that their views and an exposition of their 
methods might be spread out for the ben- 
efit of the great teaching profession at 
large. We have accomplished less, in- 
deed, in this direction than we could wish, 
but far more than we were encouraged to 
expect. We have in hand at this time a 
dozen or more papers on this subject from 
eminent specialists who have made this 
their business in life and built a reputa- 
tion on the good results they have obtained 
from their pupils. If the-oe men are not 
authorized to speak out who are ? 

The publication of these papers will 
begin with the next number of The Jouii- 
NAL. We believe that no such important 
contribution (taken as a whole) to the 
penmanship-teaching literature of our 
timts has been made. Certainly there has 
been no such boon recently to the live, 
conscientious teacher who sincerely wishes 
to get the best practical results from his 
pupils, but is honestly handicapped by 
defects of his own training in this partic- 
ular line. 

Three Business Letters — nothing 
fancy about either of them— all different, 
but all practical. Here is a chance for 
our writing teachers. Which style would 
you prefer your pupils to write? The 
three specimens are printed in this issue. 
Don't evade the question, but let us have 
your vote. This to every reader. 

Mr. Powers, of Watertown, N. Y., 
kindly sends us a list of the towns of the 
United States which, to his knowledge, 
employ special writing teachers in the 
public schools. Surely this cannot be a 
full list! Can any of our friends supple- 
ment it? And can any of our friends in 
the towns named supply us with the nan 
of the special writing teachers? 

V does the college demand pay for 

To draw out men — or rather to drew 
out what is in men- their ideas, their 
methods, their "tricks," if you please, of 
gettiug at what is in the boy— their pupil 
— and developing it, putting it into such 
a shape that it will become a part of bis 
life — that is The Journal's idea of pr.. 
voking discussion among its friends wlm 
are interested in teaching. It is ideas wc 
want, not personalities. 

As WE HAPPEN TO KNOW, the busincsi 
opportunity offered in our advertising col- 
umns for the purchase of a prosperous 
commercial college is a good one. 


We are STILL 8H0r 

November, and will 
apiece for them or 
premiums in exchanj 

r of Journals for last 
gladly pay 10 cents 

These peri 
us from a man 
a teacher of pu 

iNENT inquiries comc 
who has won his spurs 

How mtji 1, n 
Siwcial teai i i 

c-luiied),'tu til' .1 

Is it usually i' 

work outside of s 

cliool hours and receive pt 

NAL will be increased very soon. Very 
likely the announcement will be made next 
mouth. There will be no disturbance of 
existing contracts and no extra charge to 
,,r,..<.nr :,rl. -ri-'-fi-:. The JouHNAL'ssteady 

"' nhition. accelerated re- 

'■"■'■ I I "lidation withit of The 

J'l ' ■ '■ ^' I I uj, has outgrown the old 
i;ih.-. liiu.,, MiU'icsted will please take 


teaching of writing in the public schools, 
which was awarded the first prize in that 
class, is printed elsewhere. It is full of 
rich, sound meat. Next month the win- 
ners in the remaining competitions will be 
printed. Judge in all the classes, A. J. 

Editor of The Journal : 

I inclose a signature to be produced in 
your paper for the benefit of the profes- 
sion. This is the signature of a prominent 
M. D. who has published several works ( 
medicine. I have never found a man who 
could read it, and -if you see fit to produce 
it I would like to see how many, if any, of 
the readers of The Art Journal can make 
it out. Yours truly, 

C. M. Robinson, 

Union Business College, La Fayette, Ind. 

Specimen Exchangers. 

A number of very capable penmen have 
sent their names during the past month to 
be added to the list of those who wish to 
exchange penmanship specimens. The 
list now stands: 

R. E. Morriss, McPheraon Institute, Re- 
publican City. Kan. 

C. G. Fechner, New Beriin, Tex. 

D. C. Rugg, Archibald's Business Col- 
lege, Minneapolis, Minn. 

G. L. Gullickson, Di.xoo. III. 

J. P. Byrnes, Jamestown, N. Y., Busi- 
ness College. 

Leonard Hyams, 129 East Seventy-ninth 
street. New York. 

L. B. Lawson, P. O. Box 734, Los An- 
geles, Cal. 

A. C. Wieand, Normal College, Hun- 
tingdon, Pa. 

L. E. Le Hanp. Beatrice. Neb. 

Otto Carlovitz. Milton, Fla. 

W. S. Chase, Madison, N. H. 

G. W. Miner, Canton, III. 

W. H. Horseman, Brantford, Ont., 
Business College. 

A. Fuller. East Boothbay, Me. 

(I... !■ A ):.ii.-, Hiixton Center, Me. 

y\ \ il. -n I i;-i-<' Farm. III. 

I' I ^1 mI.i ml ICuiporia, Kan. 

.1. .1 K:u klr\, I'.lllkT, Ga. 

C. M. liorsiine, West New ilrighton, 

mnch In Little 

We live iu an era of condeu-sation. This 
is especially true of law with reference to 
its study for busincsw purposes. Students 
no longer wish to wade through volumes on 
any subject when a single book will do as 
well. It is justthiswant " Carluirt's Class 


Book of Comoiprcial Law " supplies. It is 
much in little; oontaios ull the law a com- 
mercial student nctds to know, and is so 
plaiDly and attractively written and ex- 
plained that the study becomes a pleasure. 
Its adaptability for use in business colleges 
and in commercial departments of acade- 
mies and seminaries is generally conceded. 
Old friends continue its use and new ones 
are being constantly added. Last year its 
sales mure than doubled. 

As announced elsewhere, sample copies 
for examination may be had by addressing 
the publisher. We' advise all who teach 
commercial law to send for a copy. 

whPT. Ii.- u'M.- u. ^^,,|■k in til.' ii),'ht w,iy. If all 
our liii-iiM -■- . ..II,--,. frj..inl-, ivoiiM show their 

III'. I. -' 1 l.iliar of more than a dozen 

\..ii- '•■ iii.iMii.ini a bitrb-flass representative 
] I'll" I ..i Tlir. |„iiiii,.n aiid couiraercia! teachers 
ul AuKi iLa us Mr. Judd has shown, it would 
open up ori(>.ij-tiniities for IndeBnite expansion. 

I'he queen club also comes from Chicago. It 

Collec^, Lindsborg, Kan., 10; C. M. 

Robinson, Ua 
Kan., 10; F. H. Hall. Troy. I?. V., Business 
CoUege, 11; H. E. Perrin. Mankato, Mich.. 
11; J. F. McDonald, Smith's Falls, Ont., 10; 
F. A. White, Adairsville. Ga.. 16, and a large 
numl>er of smaller clubs. Aiuong the latter 

Brennan, Halifax, N. S., and one of ii from 
J. Henderson, W Belle Vue Road, Leeds, Eng- 
land. We merely mention these to show the 
territorial range of The Journal's subscrip- 

Tbe king club for January (announcement 

, of the College of Commerce, Phil- 

School and Personal, 

— J. F. Knowlton is having very flattering 
success in teaching peninausmp at the East 
Maine Seminary, Bucksport, Me. 

— The i>m7r/ Telegraph, ot Richmond, Ind., 
has this to iay in a recent issue of W. H. 
Shrewder the energetic penmanship director 
in the Richmond Business College: " Professor 
Shrawder was born on the same dav uf the 
month that heralded in George Washington. 
Professor Shi-awder was neither cut out lor a 
wielder of the sword nor a ' father of his coim- 
try,' hut in penmanship he sails high above 

Childs' BiLsiness College. About SIO were 

— The fourth monthly entertainment and 
social of past and present students of Hin- 
man's Business College, Worcester, Mass., 
was held at Hinnian's College on March 1. 
Among those amiounced for short addresses 
were Messrs. F. A. Burdett, of Boston; E. E. 
Childb, of Springfield. Moss. , and E. M. Hmit- 
singer. of Hartford. Conn., all well-knomi 
commercial tear.'hers and college proprietors, 
and ail former pupih of Professor Hiuman. 

— Messi-s. Brower & ParsonS( who have 
well-patronized normal 
iction, Iowa, contemplate 
transfeiring the scene of their operations to 
some larger town. They are both very com- 
petent teachers, and any city in this country 
or Canada where a well-apix)inted commer- 
cial college is in demand woidd do well to 
avail itself of tin- niipurtunitv. 

— Thefnr'ii,lv..r T',..f W IT Sh.-ll, ^ -.,i|"Tin- 
tendent of tln' i- ' '■ ' ' ■ ^ ' I'.i , n 
scholaranit Mi. iiiiiti>; 

periodical /Vc . ap 

I I I i.T of the Am- 
-.■. proudly en- 
1 inT pimils since 
^v 'I k, K.eeler is a 
nrly spicy writer. 
; gratifying success 

good ti'iiclii'L- and a purlieu 
— C. J. Wellman report 
teaching penmansuip 

c/j t^o^c-c^^ycn^au^.-^Hi^i^ /iP^Jisr^^ OC^i'l^i:^^-!:^-<!'l4-^^ y^/^^c-t^^ 

yCe^P^ ^i'i.i-iii^l^-^^ .«2^^#4,i^^_,^^SSi?^0^«4^^i^^^ii^&^%5':^^f>2S^ 


(-yf-^^t^m^-i^li^i-s^ c^^'ty-Z't-^^^/^^^ 


imen H [Photo-Engravedl Submitted for Competition in our Prize Class No. 4, and One nf the Thref Sfccimens Selected as the Best 
from the Whole Number Received. The Oiher Cuts are Likewise Shmon in This Ismte. You are Invited to Send Voiir Vote as to 
which of these Sjierimens shall be Awarded First Prize, which Second and which Third. (Size of Original %j:Q Inches). 

of his teachers, and iw is nuc «t The Jour- 
nal's stauchest friends. 

The Oriole City bears off the palm for the 
third club, which numhei-s TA ana comes from 
J. C. Knnc, thf ncnmipli^lKil jicnmaii of Eaton 

di.*Jiin".iii: ;. ... I ■ I ■ ■;, ; , I, lbs that 

have !>.■,■ v,.| ,1, _ tin ,„ I, It u-ill 

be nolii-e<l that iliov aro almost entii-ely from 
}ieople who have made a reputation in teaching 
penmansliip. The fact that they wish theu" 
pupils to read The Journal is the warmest 
and most sincere testimonial of its worth, and 
one which its editor fully appreciates. 

J, F. Fish, penman OIuo Business Uni- 
versity, Cleveland, Ohio, 80; W. F. Glesse- 
Capital City Commercial College, Des 

Moines. low 
School. Dis 
Cal., Norm 

1 H. Blair, Shaw's 


French, 1.m\,i Hu-in. --i 'I Ii'^o. Dubuque, Iowa. 
IS; Fieldtri;-' s,!i>iii,.|,l, t;,-m City Business Col- 
lege, Quinoy. III.. IT; C. H. Gorsline, teacher 
of writing in pubhc schools of West New 
Brighton, N. Y., 15; W. H. Ellis, Eui-eka, 
CaL. Business College, 15; J. E. Gustus, Beth- 

College last niglit and held a gay social in 
honor of his birthday." 

—One of The Journal's old and esteemed 
friends is Georc;© A. Wnldvogel.of La Fayette, 
Ind,, who has woued and won fame by flirting 
with the upijer ether iu the capacity of aero- 
naut and balloon manager. 

— F, J. Toland has sold his commercial col- 
lege at Canton, III., to G. W. Miner, a former 
The latter seems to be fully equipped 


the work in hand, and we wish him r 
, South ^Vliitley, Ind., 

' high stand- 

H. B. Pai-sons. H^. taki--; th.- well wishes ol a 
host of warm friends to his new home. The 
prospectus of Mr, Parsons' new school, the 
National Business Univei-sitv, of Columbus, 
Ohio, is very neat and tastefuL 

— Talk atiout stenograpers ! Have you seen 
the School Neus. is^siied by W. G. Chaffee, of 

-The Transcript, Holyoke. Mass., of Feb- lo' 

ruary 16 has on account of a very pleasant 
reception of the present and former pupils of 

conclusively that that 
school is not languishing for want 
F. F. Judd, well known as a 

I II hits been with 

I : V, Farwell& 

I liaiidles a pen 

[II ' I i;ifive eye and 

■■In 1, lit- at Goodyear 
'ollege, Cedar Rapids, 
„*h„» .1,-. — — "prLsing 

teacher and expert t 

ingj is doing excellent work in Power's Metro- 
politan Busmet« College, Chicago. Mi-s, Judd 
IS an expert shorthand wTiter and teacher. 
They live at Englewood. III. 

—As a master of practical "businera" pen- 
manship we cannot, repress our admiration of 
E. H. Robins, of Wichita. Kan. 

—There was an infonnal reunion of the 
graduates of Mr. G. S. Walworth's shorthand 
and tyiH'writing instiuitp, Brooklyn, on the 
evening of Fobn 

Osborne, the expL_ _ „-.-r- - 

Profossor Jud.sou, prestifUgitntor, 

and presentoh,.!! u 

his work foin I n, 

the fli-st word itl. 
as regards pn, ,- i i , i 
— B. W. Gelsn,^,, I. 
as an itinermil Umlu-i 
South. His headuuai-ti 

Griffith is principal and A. T.' Gates 

—Putnam & Kinsley's " Celebrate<l Pens" 
are making their way in the market. They 

the other coarser, for oi,ii nil \ Iiimii. - ,m ir- 
ing. They are very supi 1 1 ;. ■ 

— The attendance atS,iiii. > i. ., , ,: , ,,[- 
lege, New Orleans, is lait;ri i in- ... m ilr m . v, r 
before, and that is saying n t^n-ut .icat, » oinnel 
Soule is to be congratulated iu havmg ao atile 

coadjutor at the head of bis penmanship do- 


—J. p. Byrne, 
Business College, 

specimens of writing and flourishing, 
nourish by J. M, Wade. Emlenton, Pa., ise 
cuted in a fm- sl;..trli style that is very 
K,,s..ii,i~ some handsomely ( 


plain writing is adi 
—P. A. Westropt 
1 neat bird flom-is 

I Bristol, Me., submits 
ing two flom'ishes and 
:'neral excellence of 

D. L. Meade, Boston, and J. J. 

Busmess (_'ollegc'. Hall i 

— E. L. Wiley, Paiucsvillo, Ohio, sends some 
beautiful cards. Othere come from D. E. 
Blake, Galesburg, Mich., who has progressed 
very rapidly lately, 

— Exercises and general specimeux come 
from S. R. McRae, Vicksburg. Miss. ; A Fuller, 
East Boothbay, Me., and J. P. Howard, Bags- 
well, Tex. 

— Handsome sets of capitals are contributed 
by W. M. Wagner, High Point, N. C; A. D. 
Skeels, Chatham, Ont.; A. B. Parsons, Wiltou 
Junction, Iowa, and E. E. Rogei-s, Ishpeming, 

— Among the juniors who show their hands 
are W. A. Smith, Exlra, Iowa; Clarence E. 
Ormsby, Stafford Springs, Conn., and Pliny 
Farr, iayear« old, of Russell, HI. The latter 
is a pupil of C. E. Beck, and wiites extremely 
well for a cbild. 

— From C. E. Jones, Tabor, Iowa, wo have 
cabinet photos of vni-inus ornamental spcci- 

'<i titnniaiisbip m tin- 11 

— Letters from thf 

host of others, aro jmi 

Ostrom, Alamo ttty liii 
Antrniin. Tex,: L, L, To. I, 

W. Shay tor, Portland, .Mc. , M. U. >'u 
Milwaukee, Wis. ; A. E. Dewhiu-st, pen a 
Utica, N. Y.. with bird flourish. 

Character and Individuality in 

EdITOH ok Tiih Jul KNAI.: 

While iteniKJog tlu- •' Edueationul Dis- 
ciiMion " in which (neveml of the principals 
iind teachers of the public schools of New 
York City took part, in the Trihunr 
of February 18, my attention was arrested 
by the only allusion to penmanship con- 
tained in the diRcussion. I refer to the 
opinions us expressed by Mias Julia Rich- 
man, principal of the girls' department of 
Grammar School No. 7. 

Personally I am unacquainted with Miss 
Richman ; but I am conscious of the worth 
of this lady as nn educational factor in this 
city, and can attest to her ability, having 
had the plrnsure of hearing her deliver an 
exteniporiiiu-ouB address recently, in which 
sin- iniprcsspd her hearers most favorably. 

I giv 


paragraph which i 

of i 

i'^I\ |iui|«»i- 111 >Miiiiig is not born of any 
desire to animadvert on the opinions of 
Miss Richman or any one else. I wish 
simply to lay bare certain phenomena in 
penmanship which are accepted by some 

Regarding the penmanship of the pupils 
of the public schools of New York, their 
copperplate characteristics, ifcc, I will not 
speak, being unable to substantiate orcon- 
tradicl tlicsc statements, not having seen 
the specimens necessary for a just criticism. 
Hut what I do wish to call attention to is 
that portion relative to individuality and 
chrtracter in penmanship. 

To begin with, character and individ- 

thereforc, use these terms interchangeably. 

Is the affinity between penmanship and 
character (if there be any) strong enough 
to exert aii influence one over the other, 
and, if so. what is the effect? Is it favor- 
able, aclviTsc. or indifTerent? 

Ooes Ihc penmanship mold the charac- 
lerof the individiinl (which is highly im- 
|)i-obable| ur docs \\\ii character which is 
inherent in ilie individual mold the pen- 

Is individuality some special preordained 
gift, and is it subject, like penmanship, to 
change or is it immutable? If individ- 
'lality is mutable, what is the cause and 
the effect of its mutation ? 

EilluT character is independent of pen- 
manshij). or, if it be embodied in it, it 
must have lieeu born with the individual ; 
but iis penmen understand it penmanship 
is progressive — no one being perfect in his 
incipicncy — he becomes so only after long 
and patient study and |>ractice. 

rbiiracleristically, what does good pen- 
manship denote? Conversely, whnt does 
poor [M'timunship denote? 

Pennutn&hip, it is said, reflects the in- 
dividuality and character. This rule, to 
a certain extent, holds good. 

With ]Kinr penmanship oue can generally 
Iind iibiiiidaiit individuality, as there are 
different det.'rrr^ of bad writing, some 
worse than )>thers; but the highest degree 
of good writing, that which is perfect, re- 
mains immutable; therefore, what char- 
acter does the liot writing denote? 

Poor p('iitii:iii>hip genemlly reflects most 
truly Mniif <.f thi- pti-sonal characteristics, 
KMhe ihiriincnt ..f the writer. It mani- 
fests itMll primarily in ignorance, lack of 
artistic taste, carelessness, indifference. 

Good penmanship is the reflex of knowl- 
edge, a cultivated a-sthetio Ijiste. care, 
study, patience, &c. 

In the evolution of penmanship, as (he 
individual progreiises more and moK', does 
this advance indicate a similar and com- 
1 character? .Uay not 

an individual, no matter how great his 
progress in penmanship, deteriorate in 
character, notwithstanding his better pen- 
manship ? 

Or, if better penmanship does not indi- 
cate better character, and if, inversely, his 
previous but poorer penmanship did, then 
it follows, (J priori, that the better penman- 
ship eradicates his individuality and char- 
acter in the improvement of his penman- 

And, lastly, is character reading in writ- 
ing consistent m all cases ? 

Miss Richman says: "The writing is 
plain and legible, and there is chamctar in 
it. That is what I want." 

Now, I challenge the desire contained in 
the above statement regarding the aim in 
the teaching of penman»hip. 

The fallacy of this statement is evident 
on its face; for in the public schools of 
New York the pnpils practice penmanship 
from engraved copies which are entirely 
destitute of character, and the teachers' 
requirements of the pupils are to obtain the 
nearest possible results to these copies, ir- 
respective of character. I doubt very 
mncli if there be a single teacher (the 
majority are single) in any school who ad- 
vocates the attainment of character in pen- 
manship as the result. 

In conclusion, I wish to relate an ex- 
])erience I had in discussing this individual- 
ity in .writing with a gentleman highly 


irontributinns for this Doimrtment miy I* 
.ddrcased to H. F. Keli^ev. office of Tb8 Fen- 
ian's AbtJoubnai,. Driuf edueationaHteins 

Ohio Wesleyan University has over SOO 


The Pratt Institute for Industrial Educa- 
Brooklyu, N. Y., islhe largest institu- 

played at New Haven in 1840 between i 

The pay-roll of the Michigan University i 

■XAC: in West Prussia. 
-)■. 1 r.' lu the reniain- 
" I \v.\u I per cent. 

England, with a population of -26,000.000, bad 

under SStW students at her "'"" " " 

Gennany, with a pojiulatii) 

year the Uniteil Si ^' 
(KJ.OOO.Uf'O, haddi'i i .. 
in schools of theni.-^ 
l.i,lSIinmedical •<' li' I- 

Pboto-Enyraved from I'e 

educated, a Ph. D., and now a young di- 
vine in England. 

On seeing some skillfully executed speci- 
mens and reproductions of penmanship, 
this gentleman immediately recognized 
them by the cognomen of " Spencerian," 
and then and there expressed his antipathy 
to everything savoring of the ' 'Spencerian, "' 
by intimating that they lacked individual- 
ity, and that they were mechanical, " as 
such writing had a tendency toward a cer- 
tain standpoint." 

He said, furthermore, "my own writing 
is execrable ; nevertheless, it exhibits 
character," I agreed with him and told 
him that it exhibited the character of in- 
difference to the beautiful in penmanship. 

He told roe that his sister's written U\ 
though they apparently represented the 
outstretched claws of a scorpion in agony, 
were his ideal as to individuality; these 
M's were strictly original, and defied all 
attempts to decipher thein. 

Opinions like these. I believe, are the 

prevalent acceptations of "individuality" 

and "character" in penmanship by those 

who know least of the beauties of the pen. 

Mahcus H. Fox. 

1«3 East mh street, New York. 

The Lonk Star Twinkles Rknio- 
NANTLY. — "Please send another gros-s of 
Ames' Best Pens, They are the best I 
have ever used."— T. D. 'Graham, Princi- 
pal Commercial Department Central Col- 
lege, Sulphur Springs, Tex. 

" tehug" of a bullfrog, give one sneeze and say 

Burglai-s sometimes hide under the be<l, but 
the New York News has seen a cow-hide in a 

Mr. Joues, to member of School Board — " I 
say, what's Eastor, anyhow?" Member of 
School Boai-d— " Can't say. Look in the Bible 
in the book of Easter [Esther?]; it'll tell you 
all about it.' 

PhvMMl,,_,-i- ,^ il.i' ilimlder amangi'ows 
tbesiiiiill. I f 'i . ' I "'s. This explains 

I told by her 

A litlL ^- 
teacher that ilif Missifysijipi was the Father of 
Waters. " How is that?" she (luerried; " if it 
is the Fathei' of Waters, it ought to be Mister 

(;iass in gi-ammar. — Teacher: "Now, chil- 
dren, I will give you three words— boys, bees 
and bear— and I want you to compose a sen- 
tence which will include all three words." 

Small boy—" I have it." 

Lcher— •' John, you may give us yom- 

.lolm— " Boys bees bare whin they goes in 
immmiu'." — Harper*s Bazaar, 
Scene, teacher with i-eadiug class. 
Boy (ivading) — " And as she sailed down the 

manage them." 

" Who was the wisest man ?" asked the Sun- 
day-school teoeher. 

*'• Solomon," promptly repUed a Uttle girl. 

•' And who was the boUest i" 

" Moses." 

" Moses ! what makes you tbmk so 1 " 

" Because 1 often hear papa speaking of 
• Holy Moises.'" 

" What is the meaning of the word tantaliz- 
ing f " asked the teacher, 

°' Please, mami." spoke up little Johrmy Hol- 
comb, " it means a circus procession passinfj 

laugh at Canada, I'n 

_ . ten a natio ' . . - 

Frer M- 

If he who hesitates is Inst, the mauAvbo shii 
tersmusthaveci'eat difllculty in finding him 
seV.SomervilTe Journal. 

Georgie (taking in the dime museum)— 
" Whnfsthat. jH'p ?" 

Pop—" Tliufs a mnnuuv." 

Oeorgitv-"Too stiff to' speak to anyl"«l\ 

" Didn't I see you with your arm armnul : 
gii I's wuist the other night i " 

" Yob, I was making haste (o reach her bi> h 
by the Iwlt line."— /Jos/on Gazette. 

A "good man gone wrong" is usually ;i Ilh 
man found out. — liuffnfn Ej-prfsn. 

1 1 eeds I ece ptmg —Poi ttan t Ti ana jt 
Dof,f aie sail to speak with then tails W 

t bt 1 1 ]>ei th rtl ri tocallashoi"t--taile 1 i 
-till nt I 
s T 1 bird eh ' What did ih- 

t I u k li aid like tt hnve 

>uu^atb tu uul 
1\ dow H V Mi\ kmdof you t« t 

To Remove Ink Stains 

Inks made with nutgall^ :iiiil 'oji|ki,is 
can be removed by usin;:- :' inmlrciiily 
concentrated solution of nxiih. ami, (<>]- 
lowed by use of pure water, anil liitjucnt 
drying with clean blotting paper. Jlost 
other black inks are erased by use of ii 
weak solution of chlorinated lime, followed 
by dihitc acetic arid and wiiter, with dry- 
iiiir with blotters. Mulachite -rrcen ink 

is blenched by ii.|uii 

piiite. Some anilii 
moved by alcohol, 
inated lime follow < 
or vinegar. All i 
goods. The remu 
tinted papei-s or t 
nearly impossible, i 
impaving the color 

■ici.linni liyposul- 


and 1 

injured. 1 
with emiu 
and allow i 

water, and dry with blotting pape 
There is no re'iable methcd for the ; 
moval of printing ink. 

Pen Points. 

organize an Eastern Penmei 

tins city. 

— "The demand for Charles Dickens' auto- 
^aphs IS so gi-eat," said a pi-omineiit dealer i; 

e other day, '' that 1 keep > 
;tlK-i ■ 

— Tlji'Mtv.-r 
affixed his na 
President pro 

,o bills 
. lias b< 

h invention. It 
iil; in black, red, 
"iif with a hot 
- I asily executed 
•i i>en oi- pencil. 
I Wi-nHtnr Ingalls 
(I iv^olii lions as 
stolen from his 

the Capit 

—Last week a certain New York Hi-ni adver- 
tised for an office assistant. Over 100 answers 
were received. All but four w(?re promptly 
dumped into the w " ' ' " " 
ing unsuitcd for hiv 

_Onf ol II,. ,.: 

?-baaket. Cause — w 

and engrossed on vellum. It i 

Instruction in Penwork, 



For a first lesson in elaborate lettering 
the studrnt slioiiUl k;iru to ninke the plain 

HniniM 1 ... , ,|.l.ll; ;uh1 well. The peucil 
iXMi-]- '\-<-d are shown in the 

(■'>|i I. I, - ; I ud should he dire- 

ful l\ r II . I ill. [ n II litter hiLsbuen formed 
ill iuk. riif li'ltirs aii' first outliued witli 
a hard pencil. A Dixon's V. H.. sh;iiii 
ened to a fine point, is thu best for llii- 
work and should be used very lightly. 

When a sqiiarc is used for each letter, 
i-xcepting M, W and I, and & uniform space 
equal to about one-fifth the whole -width 
taken from each s(|uare for the space be- 

B style of writing. The IfK'atioii of the 

isbwJ by the aid of the short- 

-.iiirh I pss expenditure 
■ti iTigtli in its practieal 
-^ |(--i time to learn it. 
I '-.!•; of the stenograph, 
.' i.mI a machine on the 
i-r o( the bUnd, using 


To Penmen : — I wilt give either of tb 

following sets of books, elegantly bound 
ill i\iith. for the best original de.'^ign of 
l.rih I lb i.liii^ executed with pen suitable 
iM !„ y]i..\., .ri;,T,ived. Read the list : 

LrniKc t^iiiit, complete, - 8 '■ 
Tliiu-kfiiiy. ooinplete, - - 10 " 

Shakespeare, {Handy Vol. Ed.), 15 " 

Those wishing to compete for above ad- 
dress for copy and particulars until May 1, 

care of Penman's Akt Joctinal, 30.j 
Broadway, New York. 3-1 



The leading 

'" ' ^ '^awlmra of nU „.„■;. n.ittio nir « n- 

illtilted^ with partlua 



and drawliiKs of hU kln^s 

lYi-K. CMrreapondencG aollclte.l ^„ 

SoTrcuKand^'""-'--"^^'- P^'cea., 

C. WRItIt, Ni 


. good teachers, ifood everything. cTr- 

twcentheni, they will be in what is called 
standard form. When the width ii more 
than the height they become extended and 
wlu-ii very narrow in proportion to then 
height, condensed. 

The space between the letters should be 
iniirked off with a pencil as shown m \ and 
copy, an(^ may be measured and 

)ractical way. 

Notice thiit the tojjs of B. S, X and Z ai e 
iiadc sninUer than the bottoms, A\hich is 
ui account of the tendency or the fact 
lint the eye sees things larger at the top 

E is sometimes contracted in the same 
I'ay. In S and Z this contraction *ihoul(i 
Iways be observed, but in the nfhor letters 
iieiitioned it mav be (li=rr" r) 

The points of" the ti n _ I , ,i i,] 

meager oppor- 

tunities of learning what is occurrmg around 

foimeil III I 

use in then schools and are albo teaching type- 
^vritnig This IS the practical M a\ tosol\( th( 
quesition, by doing it. 

the space allotted to .i |. ihi imi i ,i,,,,i 
a little beyond, as may be .secii ai iln \,:,^v 
of A. In U,V. X and Y they should b.- 
very close at the top. The letters in ihi- 
copv are outlined with a very coarse jtcii 
in order that they may contrast .-iharplv 
Ihe fine lines, but "this is not a point to be 
copied by thcstudcnt ; nutline iis delicately 
as desired. The finger movement is used 
and all lines should be made with the 
downward movement of the pen. 


tended Movements, TraciDg Exercises. Capitals. 
Jards, Flourishing, etc. Address, 

A, E, PAKSONS, Wilton Janctloa. Iowa. 
P. S.— No postal cards need apply. $-12 

TV^'*ioiTmnr~''''"p''"tl'*' ""^''^ nioaey by Belllug 


One of the best equipped Business Colleges in 
America, located in a large Eostern city, will be 
sold on advantageous terma. Organized 1885. 
Keceipts 88000 per annum, and may be readily 
increased. Address 


Penmanship Department 
Northern Illinois N<)rnial Scbool 


J. It. I>i)le, Prlucipal, 


COLLEGE, PfowarU, N* J. 

Tniins Vounjf M. 11. Il.iys, Mid.ikv.iired Men 
and Youn^r Ladies for a successful start in Busi- 
ness Life. The Largest and moat popular School 
in the country. Cnurao of .study combines 
Theory with Practice, by a system of businoM 
based on real values. No Vacations. 
s Low. Rraduatee assisted to situations. 
Illustrated Catalogue and College Joumol 
ed to any address. 




National Busir 


- - - - - - OBIO. 

and ladles thoroughly educated 
" ■ TKlnds of Pen 

ork done in the highest styli 
NoTE.-t*r- No tiMuHHlCi SI 

1200 xnd 1202 rhMtnntSt.. PIIILADRLPntA. 

32d Vear. Best focJlUleB for tniaiag TouDg Mea and 
Wnmau in the rorinn, riixtoiiia. snd l^racHre of 
ni;»>IISESS. Superior HHOKTIIANU Oourw. 17 

Pollock, and oUierB.' '^HOS J. PRfCKETT. Ptiil'' 


3 Penm 

^ MM 1 

r]\, IL7 W^ i^ 
Ij) IrU' M- i^n 

fmm Pn, Copy Execttled by C. S. Perry. (:ditt>r of the " Wriliny Master,' WinJIeld, Kan. 

Complete directions for spacing will be 
given m our first lesson iu engrossing. 

The SfCDoerapb. 

An intelligent friend of the little short- 
band-writing nincbine, Ibe stenogiaph, 
and one who has bnd the best of oppor- 
tunities for testing its practical capabilities, 
sends us the f„ll„«ii,i. estimate: 

, ''''"' '' '"'"> "I timnd writine ever 

"r"^' -I 'I I iNiimed Viy iiiacluue 
spe"*^- ' 'I 1; tlie triuiniilis nt Hii. 

WltbaRO,.! hi.ihsli i..iii™i[„i, ,iii,l nil a,-tive 
mind, we judiiu ijjoi aiiy cue can successftilly 
««an're the u^> of the strf-nograpb. 
The alphabet is simple and completo. There I New York tity. 

To Business College Men: 

11E.%<'MER ow PI{NniAN!,HlP and 
Commeretal Branches warns to enifuiie 
with a KOod commereml school. Now cnjjugcd 

e of Pesiu.v's Art .1 



i-ience In Commei-clal College work e 
proprietor. References and spccin 



Good boai-d in privilo farallics a 
week. Circulars free. Address 
1 2-Vi MrKEE & HENDERSON. Obcrlin. O. 




DIPLOMAS ron Schools 
Every Style 

Send stamp for Illustrated rireular. 10-12 

WANTFD— I am nn experlen.ed and suc- 
»» le.ialiil IcicLi. 1- .,1 mid lecturer on Book- 

T' '""" 

way. New York. 



For more elaborate deecriptioiis and richly illustrated list send ten 
cents for The Journal for December ist8. The following list contains 
many of our best prenriums, but it is not complete. 


VAL one year with choice of the following ele- 

Grant Memorial Size, 

Garfield Memorial. . . " 

X 32. Family Record " 

X 28. Marriage Certificate.. " 
newest Penmanship Pi ' 

For J:. 00 uc will send The Jouknai 
pant pr.miinns fm . 

Lord's PiaviT Size, 10 x 24. 

Flounslie.l'EapU- " 34x32. 

Flourished Stag " 24 x 32. 

Centen'I Pictureof Progress. 24 x 28. Marriage Certificate.. " 18 x 22. 

Grant and Lincoln Eulogy (i 

These premiums are without exception careful reproductions of some of the most 
elegant specimens of pen work ever shown in this country. Price by mail, 50c. each. 

In place of any of the above, a subscriber remitting $1.00 for Toe Journal may re- 
ceive ofl prfmiiini a pnekago of Ames" Copy Slips, or a copy of Amen^ Guide t« Prncti- 
ea) fiu'} Ai'i:-!''' p. ' ' ' ''/', bound in paper, or the same in cloth binding for $1.25. 
Both till ■ !■■' < ■^/l/m have reached a tremendous sale and are taught from 

in some <ii !i i.-itHss colleges and chissical schools of this Country and 

Canailii. Di' \ i in .MrUhing necessary to make a good, practical business pen- 
man of a piiMni i>i uMinyu iutelligence. For %% we will send The Jouhnal one year, 
the Gfihh in cloth and i. copy of the S((n,<l<ir<f Prartknl PnimariHhip. 

Special Premiums for Clubs. 

To stimulate those who interest themselves in getting subscriptions for The 
Journal, we offer a number of valuable special or extra premiums to pay them for 
their time and trouble. Under this arrangement each subscriber will also be entitled 
to ehoiec of the rog:ular premiums enumerated above, the extra premium going to the 
sender of the club. Where premiums are sent by express the receiving party will 
have to pay the express charges. 

For $2 we will send two subscriptions and an extra premium of Amen'' Guide in 

For $10, ten subscriptions and a copy of Ames^ Compcndi 
mimental Prnvintinliip. The price of this superb work, recogi 
$5. We have heretofore sent it with a club of twelce. 

For $2, two subscriptions and a quarter gross box of Aiiws'' Best Pens. 

For $2, two subscriptions and a book of Hecitations and Seadinr/s, comprising 
marly four hundred standard selections suitable for entertainments, private readings. 
&c. The cover is heavy paper, .with pretty lithographed design. We know of no 
volume of the kind likely to give as much satisfaction 

For $2, two subscriptions and the following standard work ■ History oftlus United 
Stafni, in rhrnnological Order, from t^ Discovery of America in 1492 to the year 
!"*<" ! 1 f "Mnnufactures as they were introduced of other Industnes 

11 1 hh and other Improvements of Inventions Important 

I I I I ( IIILDb Punted from large type on fine paper hand 

I k and gold 'iidc st imp Regulai pntt %\ 00 

I iiptun*; and the following photogiaphic outfit by express 

/ a child ten years old can make a picture It consists 

t imcra covered in imitation morocco and will make a photo 

u i/n and IS provided vvith i R ipid Wide angle lens It also 

I I f PI t f T ) Ur n T tn R ttl f H vrlopcr 

i M r 
1 1 1 


eflch and txtii p ol t \ir ot li 
phabet 4&.c accompany lach outht 

Tor $10 I I sil 

and the Unique lei graph Outjit by express Thi 

IS made for our use by the New Haven Clock Co of New 

I I ind thoroughly will made Though desigue 

be used on private lines from a few fL t t 

oursc are needed if two persons wish t 1 tl 

lis will operate a line not exceedmg 100 f t 

I fci every 1200 feet Extra cells cost "j <(iir 

t I )ii teet length 7o cents each Full instructions al 

We vmU furnish extra supp les either for cash er 

and a Celeb) atrd Flohert Rife Remington act ion, oiled 
p checkered and 22 caliber Sent by express These 
fl I tilt} of material and workmanship 

1 "^ 1 scnptions and an elegant Breech Loading DmhU 

H t '>! I set complete This is a rare bargain the gun selling 

rtadilj at $,0 11 i ih theapest tehahh bieecb loading fowling pieee of which 
wc have anj knowledge and will do all the work of a much more expensive gun 
Sent b\ express 

hi Eiti t Ihavy Rolled Gol I Piute 

r Kngme Turned Back and Front 

excellence, with Sweep Second 

For $10 thiitv subscnpl 
^Sntel worth $^0 Elegant I 
with 01 without monogiiun 
Movement and Stoi" Attaciim i 


in a wooden box and sent by express 
n-; :ni.l 1 L.iiri-nf t he followiiigstand 

I Ula Iclii inn .if popular twelve 
MM sof the most pop 

! k is bound in the 

li .1 i> .liHiiul l.iliK'k and gold side 
and silk r>l'h:>n murker. The li t 


Mple Smjtn ; Lftdy of tlie Lake, by Sir Walter I 
ScniDiiGker ; FroDUer blfe. Tales oT itie SouUi* 
sovcrelgna, or Un. Jamwos- Pioneer Womeo c 

The retail price of these works is seventy-fi' 
•ak for themselves. 

If E^i«lnti.l.rou^^"ol'uuleil; ClKule^u'siiill' 

c cents per volume. The till 

For $17, seventeen subscriptions and the following 
handsome extra premium by express : 

Charles Dickens' Complete Works (Universe Edi- 
tion); fourteen volumes ; 12 mo. Superbly bound, and 
altogether one of the richest editions of the unapproach- 
able novelist's works in print. By express. 

The price of this set is $10.50 when sent otherwise 
than as a premium. 

J^^Apresent subscriber sending subscriptions to secure any of the above 
special premiums may include his own renewal among the number. In that 
cise his time wilt be extended on our books for one year, whether his present 
subscription is out or not. A person working for a club to secure an extra 
premium may send his subscriptions as he gets them and they will be placed 
to his credit and the extra premium sent when the requisite number of sub- 
scriptions have been been received. The club worker, however, must notify 
us that he is working for an extra premium, so that we may give him credit 
for all the subscriptions he may send. Unless he does so notify us at the 
time of seyiding the subscriptions we will not recognize his claim. 

There is absolutely no chance for a club worker to lose any part of the 
fruit of his toil. If for instance he should start out to send us thirty sub- 
scriptions for the Watch and should only succeed in getting ten subscrip- 
tions, he would be entitled to receive the Flobert Rifle or any five of the 
special premiums offered for two subscriptions, and so on. 

The following" Premiums are offered for new subscriptions ONLY: 

The following is a special premium offered to any ]irt»ent nulsn-ihiy who 
will scud us one new subscription (with regular premium) and $1 to pav for 
same. The new subscription must not be his own renewal nor that of any 
other present subscriber. 

Four Books In One! No Household fs Complete Without It! 


« employ' tlia loop winter eveDlnFuTi' 

The following is offered is a special premium to any present suhnrrilier who will s 
us two new subs(riptions{each with regular premium) and $2 to piy for same. The new 
subciiptif n mu t not inel idc his own renewal nur that of any other present subscriber. 


. 33. T7. .A.lkXE3S, Publisher Penm.inS Art Jo 



. A. McCord. Mana^r. Dee Hoines. Iowa. 

Now is the time to enroll in order to secure 


Peuiiiansliip, in Public Schools, Book-keep- 
ing, SbortUaud, Tj-pewriting, Telegraphy, 
Drawing in Public Schools, Vocal Music in 
Private Schools, Vocal Music iu Public Schools, 
Ai't in Pnvate Schools. Physical Cultui'e. Syn- 
thetic Sound System, Instrumental Music, 
Manual Training, Military Tactics, Kinder- 
garten, Private Tutor, Elocution, Governess. 

The Art Teachers' Employment Agency, 

of Des Moines. Iowa, will ullnnl you an i.ppur- 
turiity to obtain such employment us you wish. 
Rates very cheap. Send stamp for particulars. 

CHAS. J. CONNER, Manager, 

Des Moines, Iowa 
Pror. CouQor ha» orgaalzeil a Department of Art In 


lO Ceuts 


10 Cents 


10 Cents 


_ 10 Cents 

All ol the above ordered at one time. 

30 Cents. 

515 East State Street, Trenton. N. J. 

There is Nothing Like It 

My Written Compendium is 

proving a perfect substitute for lessons 
by mail. Those who have bought it 
are gliding into a free movement and 
easy style of writing with as little dif- 
ficulty as I could ask were they under 
my person;d supervision. The Com- 
pendium is a success as a /i(?OTf ///x/r«f- 
^w, because 1 use a method in the 
first exercises which compels the right 
movement. I firmly believe any young 
person of common sense may become 
a graceful writer by following up the 
idea carried out in this compendium. 
It embraces everything necessary in a 
fifteen lesson course, and would be a 
big help to traveling teachers. Price 
One Dollar by mail, post-paid. 

(Carefully address 

B3X 63, ''STATION W.," 





Demy, size lOJi x 16 inches. 

^i'* A. 500 Names (half-bound), . - 81 fio 





Rapid Wrltl 

Traliilnsr lii Peiimauslilp, 

full cloth binding, and ihc " Peopl* 
lllfr Teaclier, " a. handsomely 

" People'e 

o^thly Jou^narVn Penmanslii "' 


pen -work alone. Si; 

BIXLER. PiUlislier. Wooster, Olio. 






We Ruamntet- the superiority of our nia- 

ehines. Buy them with the PHIVILHtiE OF 

RETURNING them uobroken 

s C. O. D, for t 

sample book of p 


Championship of the World, 

327 Broadway New York. 


^ The Modern Way 


The old drudgery of conducting correspondence 
personally with a pen is a thingof iKe past. The 
demand for stoilOgl'iipIiei'S and typewriters 
is increasing every day. No well regulated 
house will do without one. Young men and 
young women alike fill these desirable situations. 
JVe Provuvo Sifimtions fov our Ortidti- 
aff'S. Shorthand taught by mail. Send us your 
name and we will write you full particulars. It 
will cost vou nothinR. Address 

W. C. CHAFFEE, Oswego, N. Y. 


COMPLETE ItlANlML, iidiipted 
SBLF-IN?sTRfl7r'riOIV. of the NE 


R. Dishop. Stenographer of N. Y. Stoi'k t 
Lihange and Law Stenotfraphci't mtiubci (a 


Pernin Universnl Phonography, 


Style t\\<- in...r U ..m.i/ ,n.| '..','1.' i, '-]' 'n'," m^'.'' 

Twelve W teks compk-lL- a L'oiirsc bv mull .u- at 

Institute. Trial lu&bun uud ciiuuiarsfree. Write 


Detroit. Mieh 

Shorthand Writing 



mtthod of teaching shoithand I will a-ssist ^^lll 
inti pupiK bj raail to an unlimitLd Lxti.nI 

wholt cobt to the pupH^ill be SJOilfoi ttxt 


Taught by mall. 
Instruction. Se 

of WTltlDK. 

$4 R/\ A neat box coDtalnlog com 

■ •OWa plete outiit for Shorthand 
pupils, such &s note books, pencils, pens, rubber 
lnk^lJlnH bi» »..,- -.411 be Bent, postpaid, or ex- 
part of the Umted .States 

Broadway, New York. 

un reoetpi of •!.{ 

8. 8. PACKARD, 

70 vr^.'^y 144 

Broadway, V^S"*/ La Salle St. 

N. Y. City. vX Chicago. 


The Wonderful Machine for Writing Shorthand. 


r lUduetd to •«&. 

*3.00. ,■'!><}, ii, ,iihum-e. 

I am goinff to sav very little about this 
course. The fact that I was obliged to 
stop nij' julvertiseiuents beeauae I was get- 

(Iiiu 111(11. -hhliiiN thau I could attend to 
1- ill if-<li -iiiiiriiiit proof of its merits. 
Til. Mi-i(M> I II-. :md copies for this course 
iiiriill hr^ii Iinin tlu' pen and will always 

taught to write a (.i| i . i. .mi 

the very shortest lim i ii. | 

for conducting tluN i in -. i- .11,111:11, 
to it I credit the wouiltilnl success 1 1 
had teaching by mail. 

That I have had wonderful siK^cea 
shown by the following specimen of 

S-c. '^^f.^- 

The old style I clipped from his lettei 
dering the course, and the new styh 
sebt me after completing the course. 
P. O. address is Chanibersbuig, Pa. 

incerely thank you for thw kiudi 

n manite-t 

mall ii 


iflny ti 

I. C. WALK.' 

Those who wish to become fine penmen 
:it small expense, and are willing to give 
the subject a little attention, will find in 
this course just what they want. 


straight holder. The 
ordinary holder but 1 

' Price by mail So cents paeb, or three foi 
The Spencerian Obliqu'e Holder sent for 
three for 3^ cents. 


Why use a ooor pen when a good one 
cheap t The kind that I use havea ve y f 
do not scratch aud are veiy elosiic. Vt 
quarter gross, 35 cents ; one gross, §1.30, 


Finest quahty. ^00 sheets, size 8 x l 

S2.*J: aiu sheets. $1.50. Unruled. 50 

$3.00; 250 sheets. «1.20. Sent by express 


ca-nla we have 

:e is poaillvely the bvkt made. It Is very 
indKlossr, but mil not luhoff; it makes a 
Ine line and flows f^(>^^y. Sent by espreas 
30 per quart. I cannot se>'d less than one 
Recipe for making the Rrllllatit Ink, QOe. 


Dakin s*nds somt of thf finest urilten 
have ever Betm. Mr. Dakin ia one of thv 

skillful penmen in the country. 

]>. T. AM/Sf. 

followlDg paekoees will be found to coDttio 

ch»uc ^<>< i< i>rl<-<- id t-eniM, cootalna 

.. .,M-iiv"--- .■■ipi.-r!- ....... rirten cards, thww 

lavuritD pens and samples of 
5, prive 4U ceniK, contains 
st;t of business capitals and 


iombinationp. I can not oni; 

bie styles 
B you but 

ove should be addressed. 


No. 30 Johnson St., SYRACUSE, N. Y. 

, Uut t/oti a long 





The only Penmanship Paper in the South 
published monthly. It is beautifully illus- 
trated, practical, progressive and instruct- 
ive. Its columns are devoted to the inter- 
ests of penmanship in all its departments, 
to aelf improvement and practical educa- 
\ion. Subscription, 50 cents per year. A 
sample copy for iv/o rents in stamps. Ad- 





C orrespondence 
B USINE SS C ollege 

449 Main St., Buffalo, N. Y., 

Business Education 


By meauB of direct Pergonal Correspondence, 

The First School of Its kind In Amerloa. 

The Course of Study and Practice includes 












Any of the foUowlne articles will, ■upon receipt 
of price, be promptly forwarded by mall (or expretw 

When 10 cents extra are remitted merchandize 
will be sent by registered mail. 
Ames' Compendium of Practical and Orna- 
mental Penmanship $5 00 

Ames' Book of Alphabets 160 

Ame?' Qnlde to Practical and Artistic Pen- 
manship, in piper 50o. : in cloth T6 

Ameti' Copy Slips for »elf-Tcacherg 50 

Williams' and Packard's Gems 5 00 

Standard Practical Penmanship, by the Spen- 

cei Brothers 1 00 

New Speiicerian Compendlam, complete In 6 

parts, per part... . 60 

Bonnd complete 7 50 

Kibbe'8 Alpnntiecs, five slips, Z5o.; complete 

set of -T slips 1 00 

Little's Illusirative Handbook on Drawing... 60 

Grant Memorial 23x£8 inohea 50 

Family Record 18x2a " 60 

Marriage Certificate 18x23 " 60 

11x14 " 50 

Garfield Memorial 19x24 " 60 

Lord's Prayer 19x24 " 60 

Bounding Stag 24x32 " 50 

Flourished Eagle 24x.« " M 

Centennial Picture of ProRresa. . .Ex25 " 50 

Eulogry of Lincoln and Grant 22x33 " 50 

Ornamental and Flourl3ht;d Cards, iSdesiens, 

new, original and artistic, per pack 01 BO, 30 

1000 " $4.50: by express 4 00 

Bristol Board, S-sheet thlok, 23x28, per sheet. 50 

22x28 per sheet, by express... 30 
French B. B., 24x94. " " ... 76 

26x40. " " ... I 25 

Black Card-board. 22x2S. for white Ink 60 

Black Cards, per 100 25 

Black Cards, per 1000, by express 2 00 

per sheet, quire 

Whatman's by mall, oy ex, 

Drawing paper, hot^press, 15x20..$ .15 $ 1 20 

;; II 26x40!; '.6b 7 00 

WlnsorANewton'sSop'rSup.IndialnkStlck 1 00 

Prepared India Ink. per bottle, . 50 

Ames' Beat Pen. ^ gross box 35 

Ames' Penmen's Favorite No. i, per groas. . . 90 

- " ■■ l^gToas'bis. 26 

EngrosslUK Pens for lettering, perdoz 25 

Crow-milirpen, very fine, for drawing, doK, . 75 
Sonnedken Pen, for text lettering— Double 

Broad— setof five...! .!. !_..!!!!!!!!'!! 25 

Oblique Penholder, each lOo.; per dozen 1 00 

"Double" Penholder (may he used either 

straight or obbque). eaon 10c.; per dozen, 1 00 
Oblique Metal Tips (adjustable to any holder>. 

Writing and Measuring Ruler, metal edged . . 30 

New Improved Pantograph, for enlarging or 

diminishing drawings 1 25 

Ready Binder, a simple device for holding 

New Haiiriy Hintlcr, Itplit and strong. * 75 
Common Sense Binder, a fine, stiff, oloth 

binder, Jourmai. size, very durable I 50 

Roll Blackboards, by express. 

No. 1, size 2 x3 feet l 76 

No. 2, II 2Hx3i^feet 176 

Stone Cloth, one yard wide, any length, per 

yard, slated on one side 1 25 

46 Inches wide, per yard, slated both sides. 2 25 
Liquid Slating, the best In use, for walls or 

wooden boards, per gallon 6 00 

on good hank note paper la kept In stock, and 
orders will be filled by return of mail or express. 
The fractional denominations are: I's, 5's, lO's, 25*8 
iiud 5D'9,ln convenient proportions: the bills are 
ill the denominations of I'e, 2'3, 6'8, lO's, 20's, 50's, 
ii>0 s, SCO's and l.OOO's, which are printed on sheets 
I if fifteen bllla each. They are proportioned so as 
mukG S ones, Stwoi.Sfiva, 2 f«n«, and one each of 
the20,60. 100. 600 and 1,000 dollar notes. 

The proportion in wbloh the different denomina- 
tions are printed is that which long experience has 
demonstrated to best me^t the demands and con- 
venience In business practice. We cannot furnish 
the Script in other proportit)ns than those named, 
except upon speolal order and at addltioaal cost. 

Fractional Onrrency per 100 notes $ /e 

" BOO 300 

'1,000 ' B 00 

■'2.000 " 800 

no notes representing $89,3:10 capital $ 7 00 


are kept In stock and sent by return mall, or ex- 
press, 80 cents each, or $9.00 per dozen. Orders 
for new and special de.slgns promptly filled. We 
have stock diplomas for business colleges and 
miscellaneous institutions. 


For the preparation of all manner oi display outa 
our facilltios are unequalled. Send for estimates. 
Also we have the best faotlllie^) for making photo- 
engraved outs from pen and ink copy. 

: JoDBKAi. aiid our publications. 

work on penmanship In print ; also any'bookkeep- 

other educational 

, advance la made I 

by writing us to " send 60-an 
the price) and you will remll 

but reliable goods, and all 

"Tlie Best Fouutaiu Peu.' 

t latisfactoiy. Send 
SKMAN cn., 




No. 188. 

Expressly adapted for professional use and orna- 
mental penmanship, 



All of Standard and Superior Quality. 




r.^|>U COUPON OFFERS . 1000 

^^ 30"clsr worth' '"'^Y,! '' SCROLL 




Paper \A(''arehouse, 

Nos. 1 5 & 1 7 Beekman St., 



' Wortb all otbera tosether.*'— 





Counting-House Bookkeeping," 



i nmdc with Business 

reudy. Corrt'si 
The best Pen in the U. S., and best penman use them 


(>.i« 119 4 121 William Sttwt, N. Y. 


LADIES, THlSlsFOIt (■" ■ ' '■^" 


$2,00 for $1.00. 

The host steel pen of English mimufaoture i.** 
worth 81.00 per ( 

The Peirce Philosophical TrentlBC of Fenmnn- 
ship, which contains 701) questions and TOO an- 
swers, besides other valuoble matter, retails for 
$1.(11). ftiid thousands of vohimcs have been sold. 

To g-ive this book a wider clrculntion, the fol- 
lowing offer is extended to n (generous public : 

PorSLOO'lwiU send a gross of 004 Gillott't 
Pens and my Treatise to any address in Canada 
or the Ijnited States. 


Kcnkiik, lown. 

> Uu;r. 






' A thousand years a** a day No nrlthmetlr 
tenches It. A short. simple, practlenl method by 
e. C. ATKINSON, Brineipal of KacmmeDto Dusi- 
neas College, Sacmraeu to, Cal. By mnll, 50 cents. 
Ad<lrc-!<s as above. 


The Standard Practical Penmanship, a portfolk 
embraclnft a complete library df practical writing 
Including the new Maf^.. Alpliabet, capable ol 
belni; written by any one lefflbiy Qva Umes as fast 
a« ordinary wntlric. Is mailed for tl.OO, from the 

V r/</<?<//Yr\// : 

Order for 47.50. 

The prices given under the porti'ait cuts shown on this page iDc)udi> cost of drawing and engraving — in fact, every cost — of the various sizes ai 
liy moil, twenty-five cents each must be added for postage. Electros cost fifty cents each. The work and prices speak for OiemselvcH. The nu 
cuts we hiive in stock, suitable for business coUege cii'culars and newspaper advertising. Specify cuts by number when writing for prices. Huui 
'" ' ' ' "-' ■-"■- 'Ti-_-^. _. ,. „ s wiiaj you ^vant; we can ywpp/y i?, or we can make you any ""* "■ 

._ _____ . ji black or black o„ .-.. .- _, — --^. - , -_ „ 

Inest /runlifii; look at the beautiful work printed in every issue of The JomNAL, and compare il with the ivork of Cheap-John establishments. 
a deposit equal to at least one-thii*d of the order * ' ' ' ■ " -- -"■ --- -•- = 

■hite) for ?2 upward. Eve 

" itii the ivork of vne 

D. This is imperative. 

D. T. JiL^U'El^. SOS 'Broaci-vsra.y, ISTew York. 


f^ f^^^m^ '"T/pw/^/^wjq 


\\\ ^;>\\\W^\\>v\\\ \\ vvw^ :<^\ 

..... Portraitfi, Flouri9hit„ 
n Designs, Butldiugs, both c 
id oritfinu! designs fov lvci 

w sharp and 







Mailed FREE to any part of the United States 
upon i-ecRlpt of 

oi-ders for !4 gross 

90c for rouT 

Special prices to the trade or agents. 
Stamps not ref ■ ■ - 
must contain 25 ci 

R. B. THOnSLOT &. CO., 
Booksellers, Staitonera, Printcrt and }faturatist», 
S-12 No. 1« Humboldt Block. Kansas City, Mo. 


Any one wishing to pursue a course in Pen- 
manship by mail may be accommodated by A.J. 
SCARBOROUGH, who has been very auccess- 
lul in this particular line. $3.00 pays forsix 
lewoni, which will do a pei'sevcrlnt; student 
jibout as much good as a six «feoks* ooiuee 


it din 



tf. Sox 03, Station W., B'klyn, S. 

und Plain and Ornamental Penwork exe- 
cuted to order in elegant .style and at 
moderate i)rice8. 

One Dozen Written Cards. 15c. ; Better 

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Xjeasoxxs "by 33biXA.ll. 

Lessons given in any branch of the art 
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Send stamp for particulars. 


•Ai UTICA, Tf. Y. 


Dascriptlon of those Made by 

No. 1 ts a compromise h.-lwefri Old Hngllsh ami 

and the shade comes ou the K-ft, having a vcrj 
)>leasine effeot. 

No. 4 IS based onthe"0«rmanText,"aii(lada)it 
ed to small slee penii. 

No. S Is a beautiful Script, aud esp«4olaU]radaptt't 
to omall pens ; very useful. 

No. i* based 
is adapted tora] 

1 the "Marking Alphabet," and 

1 and phihi work. 

O No. a, but e-pectftlly for smiil! 

No. 8 may be oalled the " Block," ae the letters 
leom to be made of square pieces. 
No. 9 Is based on the " Old English." 
No. 10, the Figures, useful and ornamental. 

Any or all of above, 19 cents each. 
OrnRmentB and Ornamental Desticns, 

The Latest, Best, Most 
mid Cheapest thing of the kin 
teen beautifully lithographed nli|i-^ mi'l tl't- 
Hnest and mo^ explicit Instruction Book 
published; onfflosed in a noat and siii)>*i«ii1iii 
case; moiled to any part of the world for Fifty 
Cents. Send for our new descriptive circular 
giving tcstim<jnials, &c. 

Pntman & Kinsley's Pens. 

—Double-elastic, for 

No. 2.— The " Business Pen 


Eight Reasons Why This Truly Nation al System Is The Best. 

1 st.-The pupil does not have to write through from ten to twenty books 

.11 order to learn the System. Only Six liooks. 

2d.— The letters are entirely free from useless lines like double loops, ovals, etc. 

abbreviated forms of capitals. 

3d.— The lateral spacing is uniform, each word filling a given space ; 

id no crowding or 


Beauiifully printed by Lithography! No cheap Relief Plate Printing! 
Words used are all familiar to the pupil. Contrast them with such words as 

Eachbook contain? four pages of practice paper— one-sixth more paper 

tliaii 111 the books of any other series— and the paper is the best ever used for copy-books. 

Business forms are elaborately engraved on steel and printed on tinted 

paper, rendering them vcrv attractive to the pupil. 
8th.— Very low rates for introduction. They are the cheapest books in America. 



Barnes' Ink lias just been aJupted for 
elusive use in the Public Schools 
of New York City. 



C0H0E8, N. Y., 


And scoresof other places that believe in a concise, systematic, practical method 
adopt Barnes' Penmanship for exclusive use in their public schools. 

The B.\RNES PENM.ANSHIP has compelled the publishers of nearly every Series in the 
though they still cry out against "bob-tailed caps" and "etub letters 

rket to revise their books 

Elegant Specime- Book containing all the Copies of the Series 





A. S. BARNES & CO., Publishers. 



Published Monthly 
at 205 Broadway, N. Y-, for $1 per Yeai 


Entered at the Post Office of New York 
N. Y , as Second-Class Mail Matter 


Vol. Xnr— No. 4 

Penmanship in Public 5 chools. 

It is our purpose in this our initial 
firticle simply to convey a general idea of 
thp i)hin and melliods pursued in present- 
ini; till' nbove-nanu'd subject. The de- 
tails ol our plan will appear later, in the 
form of a series of illustrated lessons. 

Penmanship consists of pen reproduc- 
tions of concepts of script letters and 
their various combinations. 

The prerequisites of good penmanship 
are, flrst,, correct copies; second, clear con- 

and their action controlled by that func- 
tion of mind known iis will-power, while 
reason determines the direction, speed, 
force and duration of muscular action, 
and the degree of muscular tension neces- 
sary to such reproduction. 

The resemblance of reproductions to 
ideal forms depends upon the extent to 
which muscles are subjected to mind, the 
mental and physical condition and the 
adaptation of copies and material chosen. 
A reproduction never equals the ideal or 
"mental copy," for the rejisons that con- 
ception precedes cKCCution, and is invari- 
ably superior thereto. 

duetion is determined by the 
strength of memorv. 

Without atttmtion inatruetion is not pos- 
»ihle. Pupils must nee; they* must hmr ; 
they must }uaL 

Objects nioy cross the vision unobserved ; 
they may be viewed in a careless, super- 
ficial way, or they may be examined with 
thoughtful scrutiny. Sounds may vibrate 
upon the ear unheeded ; they may be 
heard with indifference, or they may be 
listened to and comprehended. 

In each of the above cases the impressioD 

wonderful machinery, and to remove the 
impediments and friction which prevent 
freedom and ease in its action, are theehief 
objects to lie gained, and emliody the grand 
secret of all successful instruction in pen- 


Indefinite conceptions of form, position, 
movement, speed, checks or stops, con- 
scious inability or fear nf spoiling some- 
thing, are unconscious restraints uiran 
muscular action. This class of impedi- 
ments are not only the most formidable 
obstructions, but the most difficult to ap- 
prehend and remove. Their presence and 

ccptioDS; third, definite knowledge of the 
process of construction ; fourth, good ma- 
terial; fifth, a position which will admit 
of the freest possible action of the writing 
muscles consistent with strength, precis- 
ion and bodily comfort; sixth, favorable 
mental and physical conditions, and, 
finally, thorough mental discipline and 
persistent, intelligent and systematic mus- 
cular training. 


The eye obaerres; the ear liatrna; the mind 
Conceives; the mil directs; the muscle* cre- 

The reproduction of script concepts ne- 
cessitates certain movements of the arm, 
hand and fingere. These are set in motion 

Correct conceptions of form, and of the 
position and movemeuls necessary to re- 
production, must of necessity precede in- 
telligent muscular discipline, and musculwr 
discipline is a prerequisite to proper exe- 

The necuiacy of mental conceptions de- 
pends upon the degree and quality of at- 
tention, and the nature of the instruction. 
The quality of concepts depends upon the 
accuracy of copies, the models, examples 
and methods used in illustrating form, posi- 
tion and movement, and the manner and 
spirit in which each is presented, granting 
that due attention has been secured. The 
acailtthility of concepts for repeated repro- 

is correspondingly vivid or indistinct. 
Only eonscimia sight and sound convey im- 
pressions to the mind. The distinctness 
of these impressions is determined largelv 
by the manner of observing and listening. 

The human body is the highest type of 
mechanism. Infinitely perfect in all its 
detail, it is capable of the most powerful 
or the most delicate motion. It yields to 
the slightest propelling pressure and 
guiding influence; responds to the slightest 
demand upon its action; moves with the 
greatest precision, in both rapid or deliber- 
ate movements; and when properly oper- 
ated is absolutely free from friction. 

Tu rajulate the force which operates this 

nature are often indicated only by the ex- 
pression OQ the pupil's face, but more 
frequently in the character and nature of 
his movements. 


Mind M the motive power — the incentive 
to muscular action. AH vohmtary action 
Ims its origin in the mind. At first this 
action is the result of eonnrious, and subse- 
quently of unconaeiouK mental dictation. 
The latter is true wliea constant repeti- 
tion has converted conscious mental i>nd 
physical effort into anconscious habits of 
thought and action when motion has be- 

lt is not sufficient that a teacher under- 
stand the measurements of letters and the 

methods of construction, nor yet that he 
be able to execute with skill. These cer- 
tainly are most essential; but, in nddition 
to these, he must be possessed of that 
knowledge of niti»f and effff^t which will 
enable him to trace the cause by observing 
the effect. lu fact, the poterr of eorrerfiou 
consists chiefly in this knowledge. We 
must understand both the mental and 
jihy=ical capacity and capability of a pupil 
ere we can hope to mold his habits of 

Every result has a cause. In penman- 
ship form coincides with the motion which 
produces it, hence if letters are not per- 
fect the motion is incorrect. Both good 
and ])oor results may be traced directly to 
some condition of miml, mv^clr or mate- 
rial. The existence of boldness or tim- 
idity, carelessness or overauxiety, indiffer- 
ence or earnestness, uncertainty or self- 
confidence in the mind of the writer, a 
clear cut or an accurate conception of 
form, position, or movement, as certainly 
(htfirmive* the form, nature and quality of 
tht reproduction aa that fonn iv prodtcced 
hy motimiy and that mxuieUa are moved and 
controlled hy will-poieer in obedience to men- 
tal dict.ntion. 

If writing contains weak, irregular lines, 
the motion wants strength and velocity. 
If letters are too wide or too far apart, too 
much freedom has been allowed in apply- 
ing lateral sweeps. If too narrow or 
crowded together, the cause is want of 
freedom in that direction. If results are 
too large, either the arm has been driven 
with too much force or the fingers have 
been used too freely. If of irregular 
heights, widths or slants, a corresponding 
irregularity will be found to e.\ist in the 
productive motion 


We instruct pupils as to the physical 
structure and capacity of the ^vriting ma- 
chinery, also as to what impedes and what 
facilitates muscular action. We teach 
them to reason and to investigate as a 
means of self -correction. This is es- 
pecially true of our advanced grades. By 
citing their own cases we convince pupils 
that motions which creep from a drowsy 
mind are sluggish, feeble and uncertain, 
while those which a-e stimulated to ac- 
tion by a strong will and controlled by a 
clear, active mind are characterized by 
strength, speed and precision. We till 
them the injiirious effects \ipon the nerves. 
of recent overexertion, of ovcninxictv. 
or, the stimulating, strengthening and sub- 
jecting power of mind over nerves when 
will-force is exerted in that direction. We 
study their faces, and seek to determine 
their state of mind. We tell them that 
mental composure and a cheerful mood 
facilitate execution, and how relative 
position or direction of motion determine 

We in.struct pupils in the selection, care 
and use of material. Our investigations 
prove to them that poor position, soft 
paper, sharp or worn pens, close-fitting 
sleeves, cuffs or bracelets, increased weight 
or pressure at arm rest or excessive mus- 
cular tension obstruct motion, render 
muscles less elastic, limit their action and 
necessitate greater physical effort. We 
teach them the power of position ; the 
advantages of one position over another; 
the influence of position upon movement ; 
the relation of time to motion and of mo- 
tion to form. We require them to write 
with different rates of speed as a means 
of determining which is the most easily 
controlled. They soon discover that to 
increase the speed beyond a certain limit 
lessens their power of control and renders 
the result proportionately inaccmate, or 
that to diminish this speed will rob the 
movement of that quality so essential to 
strong, rapid and graceful penmanship. 

We endeavor to impress them with the 
importance of cultivating habits of self- 
reliance. They must learu to be self-con- 

fident, self- watchful and self-corrective. 
To acquire these habits is to extend the 
benefits of our instruction to the pupil's 
home and into his after-life. 

Teaching Writing in the Public 

A iriirded Firtt Prize in The Jodrnax 

Prise Cmnpetition, No. 2. 

Writing may be properly considered 

both an art and a science. The science 

comprises what is designated as the theory 

the teacher should be educiited in the 
science of writing according to some 
standard system, that he may be able to de- 
monstrate the forms of the different letters 
and give instruction on position and move- 
ment ; yet to understand a subject does 
not necessarily imply the qualification to 
impart it to others. Again, the ability to 
faultlessly execute beautiful forms does 
not insure the ability to teach writing; 
neither is it necessary that the successful 
teacher of writing be an expert penman. 
At the same time he should possess a fair 
degree of skill in writing on paper, and 
especially on the blackboard, as there is 
nothing that will inspire a class more 
I readily with a desire to excel than well- 

By D H. Farley, State JVu, 

ot writing, while the execution is the art. 
It is acknowledged that art and science 
advance together, mutually aiding each 
other, Thyefore it is quite obvious that 
the labor in acquiring a good handwriting 
is twofold — partly mental, partly mechan- 
ical. First, a knowledge of form and a 
correct conception of all its requisites. 

formed letters on the board. The success 
of a teacher depends not only on his 
knowledge and enthusiasm, but on his abil- 
ity to impart the one and arouse the other 
in his class. 

lie should place himself on a level with 
his pupils, and adapt his explanation to 
the capacity of the dullest. Remember 

-•^jffirtc ftltP^ 

c^? cS^^^dysu-. .m 

PItolo-Kugraved /i 

Second, well-directed practice to secure 
proper execution. Thus mind and hand act 
together. Intelligent effort will secure 
better results than mere mechanical imita- 
tion. It is of absolute importance that 

the motto : " Take care of the poor writers, 
the good ones will take care of them- 
selves." Always discourage the exceed- 
ingly disastrous and false idea so prevalent 
among our teachers that " writing is a 

special gift, acquired ouly by the favored 
few." Nothing will retard the progress of 
a class more than this fallacious notion. 
WTiy give it so much currency when it is 
no more true with regard to writing than 
it is of reading, arithmetic or any other 
subject ? A good easy handwriting suit- 
able for practical purposes cannot be 
acquired in the public schools by the 
regular copybook practice alone, but must 
be supplemented by the instruction of a 
teacher who has a correct eye and can at 
once discern where the pupil has failed in 
his practice; at the same time cau clearly 
illustrate the faults and offer such timely 
suggestions for their correction as will aid 
and encourage the pupil in overcoming 
them. There is very little inspiration in 
cold, lifeless copybooks, and they are 
frequently "as much abused as used;" 
they admit of very little movement, and 
make poor substitutes for teachers. Every 
lesson in writing should be preceded by 
a drill on some simple movement exercises 
upon loose paper for five or ten minutes. 
The object of the drill is to educate the 
muscles of the arm and call into play the 
lateral motion of the forearm or sliding 
movement across the page. Position of 
body, arm, hand and pen should be ex- 
plained and fully illustrated. To gain a 
uniform speed in these exercises it will be 
found an excellent method to count for 
each line in the letter or exercise. Some 
trouble may be experienced at first if the 
teacher is not careful to .see that all 
understand the plan. To illustrate, place 
the copy on the blackboard and count 
for each movement or Hue you make; 
thus in small ? count one, two, one, 
dot, or vip, down, up, dot; for ii, one, 
two, one, two, one. Apply the 

ing ] 

lilar r 

words. Great care is necessary to see that 
all associate the count with the movement. 
Some will find the count too fast, others 
too slow ; urge the slow ones, restrain the 
fast ones; thus the teacher will secure 
promptness, precision and unifomiity 
throughout the class. As an incentive to 
study and practice the blackboard should 
be used freely, teaching enough analysis 
of the letters iu the copy to give a clear 
idea of their form and of the principles 
used. Train the eye to see, the mind to 
think and the hand to act correctly. The 
mind conveys the desired forms to the 
hand, and is then assisted by the eye and 
the sense of touch iu directing a proper 
execution. This should be practiea'ly 
demonstrated to the class by explaining 
some letters on the blackboard, and after 
they have made a number ask them to 
close their eyes and continue the same ex- 
ercise, using the mind's eye for the sake 
of comparison. Thus pupils may be led 
to see quite clearly the relation of eye, 
mind and hand. While the class is prac- 
ticing in the copybooks the teacher should 
move about the room, corrcctmg position 
and movement and offering such sugges- 
tions as he deems necessary. Kncourage 
the pupils to think, compare, criticise and 
correct while they write. 

Tracing is a very good method for yotmg 
pupils as an auxiliary in their firet etiorts 
in writing. It relieves the mind to a 
ccriain extent of the form and makes it 
easier to secure proper position of body 
and pen; at the same time the pen is 
being carried over the correct fonns of the 
letters, strengthening the proper mus- 
cles. When lead-pencils are used they 
should be of sufficient length to be held 
properly. Never allow short pencils in 
the class-room. If ]iossible replace slates 
with, paper; good results will follow. 
Pen and ink may be introduced iu the 
second class. In teaching writing thtrc 
are three very important elements— viz., 
position, movement and form. It is al- 
most useless to refer a class to the ordinary 
stereotyped explanations of these essentials 
found in our regular copybooks, unless 
they are practically illustrated and ex- 
plained. After the teacher has given che 

class a clear conception of what they are 
to do, he must then make it equally clear 
how it is to be done. Remember ''theory 
is one thing and practice another." 

Correct position give»-power and is con- 
sidered the first essential element to secure 
good writing. There are only two posi- 
tions suitable for public schools— " front " 
and "right side" positions. The teacher 
must use his own discretion in choosing 
position for the class, as a great deal de- 
pends on the light and kind of desks used. 
In front position the scholar should sit 
sijuarely in front and close to the desk. 
Lean forward without touching the desk 
or bending the body, the feet level on the 
floor, the left ti little in advaucC of the 
right. The right arm should rest very 
lightly on the muscles just forward of the 
elbow, the tip of which should project 

arm and Combined. Finger 
consists of the exteoding and 
action of the thumb and first two fingers; 
the nails of the third and fourth fingers 
should act as a sliding rest for the hand. 
The lateral motion of the forearm should 
accompany the finger movement, which 
should be explained by the teacher placing 
the child's arm on the desk in proper po- 
sition, hand and forearm straight, holding 
the elbow in place with the left hand 
while he swings the arm backward and 
forward across the paper, as a door is 
swung on its hinges. The teacher will 
find this the most apt and accurate move- 
ment for beginners, yet he should intro- 
duce and encourage the muscular action of 
the arm as soon as possible. 

Whole-arm movement consists of a free, 
unrestricted action of the whole arm from 
the shoulder forward, the elbow and fore- 

graceful wr 


adapted to perfect, 


is the mental part and requires a 
large proportion of the teacher's time. In 
each lesson the exact form of the letters 
should be stamped upon the mental tablet 
of the pupils so cleaHy that they can be 
fairly executed with eyes closed. The 
small forms of the letters should be taught 
first, taking them in the order of their 
simplicity. The whole letter should be 
presented to the beginners before 'the 
elements are presented. As soon as fair 
knowledge is gained of a letter, it should 
be written singly first, then in combina- 
tion, increasing and diminishing the spac- 
ing. Insist on the use of the lateral motion 
of the forearm in forming the connecting 
lines. The teacher can simplify the study 
of the letters very much by introducing 


Show how I may be converted iotd 
I by the addition of the loop, to which 
add the last part of w to form h, 
and the last part of u to form h ; 

the h and 




Photo-Enyraced fram Copy Executed by J. C. Miller, Penman Tr-i, 

Bititin&is College, Chambernlmrg, Pa. 

over the edge of the desk. The left arm 
should be placed on the desk at right 
angles to the right, as a prop to steady 
and support the body, thus giving the 
right arm and hand perfect freeiJom for a 
free and easy movement The elbows 
should be kept 4 or 5 inches from the 


It should be held lightly between the 
thumb and first and second fingers, letting 
it cross the second finger at the root of the 
nail about J inch from the pen's point and 
the first finger opposite the knuckles. The 
thumb should be bent outward at the first 
joint, and the upper end of it placed 
against the holder opposite the first joint 
of the forefinger. The third and fourth 
fingers should be bent into the hollow of 
the hand enough to form an easy sliding 
rest on the tips of the nails. The wrist 
should be kept straight and not allowed to 
rest on anything. Turn the hand so that 
the holder will point over the right shoul- 
der; this will bring the nibs of the pen 
stpiarely on the paper. 

Proper movement gives ease, rapidity 
and grace, and is the result of a correct 
position. It may be considered under 
fr>ur heads— viz., Finger, Whole-arm, Fore- 

arm being raised slightly from the desk 
and the nails of the third and fourth 
fingers acting as a sliding rest. This 
movement should not be taught in the 
public school unless it Is by a special 
teacher of writing, and then only occasion- 
ally in senior classes to develop the free 
action of the arm from the shoulder. 

Forearm movement is the whole arm 
restricted by a vibratory rest on the large 
muscular swell of the forearm between the 
elbow and the ivrist It is peculiarly adapt- 
ed to rapid business writing and should 
receive special attention. For individual 
explanation, stand behind the pupil, place 
the fingers of the right hand on the upper 
part of the forearm to keep it from sliding, 
the thumb at the tip of the elbow which 
projects over the edge of the desk ; thrust 
the forearm forward with the thumb, 
allowing it to spring back again in place. 
By repeating this a number of Mmcs the 
pupils will undei-stand and acquire this 
movement quite rapidly. 

Combined movement is the united action 
of the forearm and finger movements and 
secures the most complete power over the 
pen. The forearm furnishes the propel- 
ling motion, and is assisted by a slight ex- 
tension and contraction of the thumb'and 
fingers in guiding the pen. This is the 
best and most difficult movement to 

some practical analysis, showing the 
elements and principles common to letters 
and their similarity. As an illustration 
take the letter i, remove the dot and it 
leaves the first principle, which, if prop- 
erly understood, will give the key to a 
large number of letters. Place it on the 
board and call the attention of the class to 
its size, shape and slant. Show that the 
two up lines are not parts of a circle, but 
of an egg-shaped oval, and that the down 
stroke is a slanting straight line. Explain 
how the short turn and sharp point or 
angle are made, and that the line must di- 
verge from the very point at the top. 
After the form is fully explained and a 
clear mental image is conveyed to the 
pupils, let them assist in building letters. 
Repeat the last two lines of the i 
principle to form u; by a slight change 
of the u, w is made. Invert it, and 
add the last two lines of i to form 
n ; repeat the finst two lines for m. 
The a may be built from the / by 
arching the firat curve over with a full 
left curve. Draw a straight line from the 
dot to the point of the letter to form 
fl ; cross it and t appears ; add the 
loop below and g may be pointed out; 
and by a slight change q is added 
to the group. In orde* not to confuse, it 
is better not to group loo many together. 

admit of further illustration. 
Teach the class how to criticise their own 
work, as well as the work on the board. 
As a nile, all down lines should be light, 
straight and parallel. All up linos should 
be uniform curves. Turns must be short 
and uniform, angles sharp and equal. 
Observe uniformity in size, slant, spacing 
and in the small openings made by the 
angles and turns. Teach the relative 
\vidth and height of the letters. Capital 
letters are all baaed upon the oval or parts 
of it; therefore the teacher will do well 
to impress the class with the importance 
of securing a correct conception of the 
oval or egg-shaped principles. 
The capitals may be divided into 
three groups, as follows: 1. 
Those formed from the oval 
fold— JT, Z, Q, W, JV, M, B, 
K, y, J, U, V and 7. 2. 
Those formed from the com- 
plete oval— O. C, D, a; a. 3. 
Those formed from a com- 
bination taken from the two 
ovals called the stem— /», B, R, 
S, L, 0, T, F, and old forma 
of .4. AT M, n and K. The 
genera! principles of presenting 
the small letters may be ob- 
served in teaching the capitals. 
Special attention should be 
given to their proportions. 
Require the cIbsh to know the 
height and width of each letter 
and the length and width of 
all the ovals in the diifereut 
letters. Drill the class on the 
true shape of the oval and in- 
sist on it being made with a 
continuous stroke; never allow 
them to stop in making a curve 
or oval turn. The teacher 
should place the letters of the 
different groups on the black- 
board. Show the class the 
parts that are common and 
fully explain the characteris- 
tics of each letter or the part 
to determine it. For example, 
take the first group, in which 
the oval fold, with 
slight change, i: 
part of all the letters in the 
group; have the class assist 
you in adding to the fold the 
— characteristics of each letter— 

for the X two curves, for the Z 
the loop, for the Q a small loop and a com- 
pound curve, for the W three curved 
lines. Thus all the letters of a group 
may be built on a common part. While 
practicing discourage all piecemeal work ; 
have the class aim at the complete 
form of the letters, as it is the only 
way to develop fluent writers; at the 
same time, every part of the letters 
should be perfectly understood if the 
best results are expected. Contiuuous 
capital letters make excellent exercises for 
senior classes. They impart that power and 
confidence which under complete control 
secure perfect forms and graceful lines. 

The Fall Alpliabol. 

The sentence "Frowzy quacks jump, 
vex, and blight," consisting of only 28 
letters, is the shortest grammatical alpha- 
betic comjKJsition yet known. It contains 
no repeated consonants or proper names, 
and in point of brevitv I think that it 
cannot be surpassed. "John quickly ex- 
temporized five tow bags," has held posses- 
sion of the field heretofore. — Unidfiit\fi«d 

Queen Victoria's speech at Glasgow was 
inscribed on a piece of parchihcnt no 
larger than a three-penny bit by a man 
over 70 years of age. 


Vi; I aoiIKMALT^ 

AU matter intended for this department 
(inelu/li/iff shortluutd exehanyrit) should Vf 
unt to Mrx. L. //. P<irhird, 101 E.i^t %%! 
ttrtet, yrir York 

\ writer in the Pliono^raphir World 
drawn a .siul ijitturc of affairs in Connecti- 
cut. It secuis that less than a year ago 
the enterprising principal of the Hartford 
High School thought, it would be a good 
tiling to have a typewriter or two in his 
building for his girls to practice upon, 
and so he got h couple and set the girls at 
work. Now wc learn that all the steno- 
graphic schools in that neighborhood have 
struck their colors and surrendered. Either 
the shrewd Yankee girls prefer getting 
something for nothing, or the shrewd 
Yankee schoolmaster who dominates the 
Hartford High School has got hold of the 
right end of things, and by doing supe- 
rior teaching has left the special short- 
hand schools in the lurch. The writer 
who records the fact seems to take a lugu- 
brious look at things, and wants to know 
if the end has come. Seriously, we think 
it has — that is, the end of poor teaching 
and pretense. If the shorthand schools of 
Connecticut or elsewhere cannot keep 
their classes filled, the cause does not He 
in the fact that Mr. Hall has decoyed their 
pupils by any magic, nor even that educa- 
tion is offered free; it is solely because 
the girls do not get what they want in one 
place and do, in another. Any special 
shorthand school that permits itself to be 
beaten by a shorthand department in a 
public free school has only itself to blame; 
and if it cannot stand up under such com- 
petition the sooner it lies down and bel- 
lows the better. All honor to the Hurt- 
ford High School, uud the other thing 
to the weak Jercraiahs who bewail well- 




Several hundred atenographci-s met on 
Friday evening, April 5, at the College of 
Commerce, Twelfth and Chestnut streets, 
Philadelphia, for the purpose of taking 
permanent steps for the organization of 
the Philadelphia Stenographers' Associa- 
tion by the election of the following 
officers: President, Francis H. Hemporley; 
vice-presidents, Oliver B. Barden. J. W. 
R. Collins, Miss Sue Wilkins; secretary, 
Henry T. C. Wise; assistant secretary, 
Miss Adele Wilson; treasurer, Oliver B. 
Harden; board of directors, E. A. Haw- 
thorne. .1. W, 11 Collins. .1. B. Bonner, 
A. E. Ilubbanl. Mis. L. E. Holman and 
John Dixon. 

The new association intends to have 
club rooms located in the central part of 
the city, open every night in the week 
(ctcept Sunday), where members of the 
association can meet for social purposes 
and for study. The zeal and interest 
which the stenographers have evinced 
prove that such an association will (ill a 
long-felt want, and one that will be appre- 
ciated by every lover of the art. The 
qualifications for active membership are 
the ability to write 100 words a minute 
and read it correctly; associate members, 
however, will be admitted who can write 
70 words a minute and read it correctly. 
Writers ol all systems admitted. 

Applications for membership may be 
made to the secretary, Henry T. C. Wise, 
Room 7:jr(. Drexcl Building. 

Quakeress. Her hair is brown, aud she 
wears it piled loose on the top of her head. 
Her eyes are blue or gray, of the sort that 
you can't tell which, and large. Her face 
is the face of a country girl in the plump 
roundness of its red cheeks and the clear 
carmine lips. Altogether, she is as pretty 
and demure a little typewriter girl as you 
will find in a day's journey. She looks 20 
years old and probably looks older than 
she is. But she does not look like the sort 
of a girl whom it would pay you to try aud 
elicit state secrets from, for there is a firm- 
ness about the mold of her rounded chin 
and a quiet, self-contained look in her 
blue-gray eyes that convinces you as soon 
as you see her that 'she knows her busi- 

Canadian Shorthand Society. 

The Jouknal is indebted to W W. 
Perry, stenographer, secretary of the 
Canadian Shorthand Society, for the fol- 
lowing official (condensed) report of the 
proceedings of the society's seventh 
monthly meeting ; 

The members of the Canadian Shorthand 
Society held their seventh moulhly meet>- 
mg for the vear 1888-811 n\ theu- room. Associa- 
tion HaU, foronto, the president in the chair, 
on the evening of Monday, April 11. The 
president openSi the meeting by announcing 
tlie position of the Isaac Pitman bust, which is 
be placed in Association HaU this year ■" 

and also stating that steps 
taken looking toward holdmg another Writing 
Machine Speed Contest on similar terms to that 
held last year, which was so very successful, 
open to all writing machines. 

Minutes of last meeting read and approved. 

Mr. Dunlop, on behalf of Isaac S. Dement, 
presented a copy of " Suggestions and Re- 
porting Notes," upon which it was moved by 
Mr, DunlOD, seconded by Mr. Staubm-y, That 
a vote of thanks of this Canadian Shorthand 
Society bp t.nilcrpd Mr. Isaac S. Dement, of 
Chicago, !"i ■ ■■'■r\-i in- vv.irk "Suggestions 

• ■ methods of issuing diplomi 
mil schools Emd teacnei*s : 

hand hulp. o. Blockint; tbu path of the really 
deserving, and making it difficult for such to 
obtain employment. 4. Reducing the salaries 
for shorthar' ■'— • — * '" ■"* ' 

the shorthand professTon. 6. Rendering di- 
ploma.'; or certificat.e-* of the better class utterly 

•Z. For these reasons we would reconunend 
that the CanacUan Shorthaud Society, as being 
independent of all schools in which phonogi-a- 
phy is taught, take in hand the issuing of 
certificates of varying grades for diJTerent rates 
of speed aud ()uahty of work— say, for the cor- 
rect taking at the respective rates of flO, 120. 
1.50 and 180 words per minute and correct 
•ibing of the same — and any person who 

wishes to have a special e 

,t any rate between o 


' Miss 


on's Typewrite 

Siuigcr. President Harrison's 
typewriter," says an exchange, "and the 
first lady ever employed at the White 
Hoose in a clerical capacity, is a very 
quiet-looking maiden. She wears a httle 
white apron anil dresses in sober-looking 
cloth that make her look as demure as a 


3. We would recommend that, for the pur- 
pose of carrying out this plao, monthly ei- 
'''"'-'" - - ispices of the 
payment of 
■ details (.f 

■ Council 
liiU* and individual 
ra-se of need, the 

.ving r- 

the seal of tbe 

p thereof, entitled to free admission to the 

a membership of thtj C. S. tS. (other qual- 

; being also favorable) for one year 

: the examiuatic 

> add U> their numbers, I 

The Canadian Shorthand Swiety welcomes 
all shorthaud writers to its memWrship, of any 
system or degree of proficiency, of course 
being particularly anxious for those that are 
proficient and those who are of the rising 

Sound and Sense. 

Tilt Writer, always bright and interest- 
ing, never fails to publish something about 
shorthand with each number. It has kept 
up a lively discussiou for some months 
upon the value of shorthand in newspaper 
work. The April number has an article 
on this subject from Will M. Clemens, 
who claims that it is a positive disadvan- 
tage for a newspaper reporter to use short- 
hand; and the reason for this is that the 
shorthand man gets all of a speech or ser- 
mon, while the longhand reporter takes 
down the pith of it, which is what the 
newspaper editor wants. Why a short- 
hand writer cannot get the pith of the 
matter, but must write it all because he 
can, Mr. Clemens fails to state. He says: 
" I found by experience that in tlie report- 
ing of a lecture or sermon the use of 
shorthand gave me only the sound of the 
speaker's words, while the urnne was a 
missing quantity. In reporting lectures 
or sermons in longhand the .tf/Jif is ob- 
tained and not the sound alone. It is 
much easier to condeuse a lecture as one 
reports it, taking only the fine points and 
best thoughts of the speaker, than it is to 
condense the report of shorthand notes 
after the lecture." 

Is it logical to suppose that a shorthand 
writer cannot coudense his report at the 
time of taking it ? 

The very fact of having a shorter 
method of writing ought to give him more 
facility in this regard, as he has more time 
to think and ought to be better able to 
sift the important from the unimportant 
points. A good reporter writes short- 
hand mechanically, as he does longhand. 
Then why cannot he sift and digest what 
he is reporting with even more care than if 

the word ? 

As to getting sound without Bmse, that 
is machine reporting. One might as well 
be a phonog^ph. 

A bright girl in a shorthand school said 
to her teacher the other day after a test of 
speed in which she had not succeeded iu 

taking all the dictation: "Mr. , I 

could have taken it all if I had only known 
how to write the words." She was right. 
When one knows how to write all the 
words there is abundance of time to write 
them, even at the rate of 150 words a min- 
ute. But hesitation over one word will 
lose the time of writing ten words, and 
sometimes putting the thought on the out- 
line, drives everything else out of oue's 

A letter recently published in one of 
the shorthand magazines would be amus- 
ing if it were not sad. The writer com- 
plains that her etnployer and dictator ex- 
pects her to understand the meaning of 
what he dictates, and to this unreasonable 
retpiiremenl she makes answer that she has 
quite enough to do to take down his words 
without understanding therii. This is the 
sort of amanuensis that lowers the profes- 
sion in the esteem of intelligent people. 
With such an estimate of the duties of an 
amanuensis, what can be expected but 
unthinking and therefore unsatisfactory 
work? Five dollars a week is ample com- 
pensation for such services What the busi- 

knows not only how to write but ir/iot he 
writes, and who after taking down a letter 
in shorthaud can without referring 
to his notes give the gist of it. An aman- 
uensis who is satisfied to write and read 
notes in a mechanical way, reading one 
word for another that has the same out- 
line, without regard to the sense, leaving 
little inaccuracies of the dictator uncor- 
rected — in short, exercising no "gump- 
tion " iu transcription — is no amanuensis, 
but a machine, for which business men 
have very little use in the present imd will 
have none at all la the future. 

A shorthand reporter should be clever 
and intelligent. There is a story told of 
an uneducated reporter who is said to have 
rendered the well-known Latin quotation, 
"Amicus Plato, aminis Socr<itr», ned major 
veritan," as follows: "I may cus.-* Plato, I 
may cuss Socrates, said Major Veritas," 
Elihu Burritt, the learned blacksmith, 
once closed au address with this sentiment : 
"Labor — thought- honored labor — may be 
the ouly earthly potentate that shall be 
crowned on this continent." He wiw sur- 
prised and disgusted to find it printed iu 
the next morning's paper: "Labor 
thought-honored, may be the nail lately 
patented shall be crowned on this conti- 
nieut." Rev Dr. Edwin H. Chapin was 
one of the most rapid speakers of his time, 
and he was a terror to the general run of 
reporters. Once, in a sermon, he used the 
following language: "Christianity has 
been the oriflamme of freedom in all ages." 
The ignorant reporter rendered it thus: 
"Christ has been the horn-blower of free- 
dom in all agC'."— Tlir Wrifi r. 

How long does it take to learn short- 
band, my son? Well, that depends on 
what you want to learn it for. If you 
want to be a court reporter, in which case 
you will have to report just exactly what 
the speaker says and nothing else, it will 
take you two or three years to learn. But 
if you merely want to report political 
speeches, in which occupation you simply 
look wise while you make hen tracks, and 
then go to the office and write down the 
speech from memory, making the speaker 
say whatever you think will please the 
managing editor and hurt the other party, 
about SIX weeks' light study, with intervals 
of recreation, will be a thorough university 

A simple knowledge of shorthand 
and typewriting at the present time 
is almost worthless. The stenographer, 
to be successful, must now be able to 
take from dictation a good rate of speed, 
transcribe, spell and punctuate correctly, 
aud above all use grammatical language. 
The shorthaud writers who possess all of 
these requirements will surely succeed, 
while the drones and those who lack the 
requirements must give place to them.— 
O. I. Tibbitts. 

It 18 not the gentle winds and the sum- 
mer sea which prove a craft's seaworthi- 
ness. The lowering clouds, the heaving 
billows, the roaring gale, the raging storm, 
the breakers, the rocks, often tell a sad 
tale of shipwreck. So in the experience 
of the stenographer, that general ability 
which comprises a thousand traits, such 
as ready wit, perception, grit, good 
memory, a well-balanced mind, coolness, 
keen hearing, thoughtfulness, adaptability 
to circumstances, common sense, &c., is 
often of greater importance than merely 
high speed.— fl. //. W<m<-ii Htlp/,. 

In order to write faat you must first 
of all have the ability to think fast. You 
must think all around the speaker's words 
and meaning. As to your phonography, 
you must think fast aud decide instantly 
and permanently. If you are not a fast 
thinker you must become one, or else re- 
main a slow writer. Keep cool, think 
rapidly and decide promptly. — Afunsou 

When the of tick was adoptt-d. 
proximity for o/' was abandoned; there- 
fore, proximity is used only for n-^. 
com and cum, according to Munsuu. 
There is always a slight hesitation in 
writing words with less than the or- 
dinary space between them, and it is a 
question whether it would not be well to 
use the dot for the prefixes above men- 
tioned aud discard pioximity altogether. 



hielory.^._>^. ., 

.jr. (junior) 7.. 

. jurisprudence -J- - 


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immediate .^__^y-r-.^^^^^- knew .-^^^. 

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inscribe long (a(\j.). 


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people .S^-.V privilege. .Y 

performance... y probabilily.'V.rtA . 

perpendicular .?i. probable-y .A .\ 



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phonographic, ..r::^T7. 

phonography ..Vr". Qualify ..^TS-. .TTSr:.^^>-— 

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Sail Frnn. 

Practical Teachers and Pen 

The gentiemaD whose portrait is showo 
on this page is the proprietor and active 
head of the Union Business College, La 
Fayette, Ind. In this occupation he has 
been coguged for six years, and the quality 
of his labors is attested by an attendance 
at this time of more than 200 pupils, repre- 
senting half a dozen States. During the 
same period Mr. Robinson has been alio 
actively engaged in teaching writing in 
the public schools of La Fayette, and his 
ctTorts have been rewarded with a marked 

Mr. Robinson is a young man, thrifty, 
pushing, discrirainating, lie is a good, 
strong penman and possesses qualifications 
of a high order as a teacher. Personally 
he is genial and a man of many friends. 
The community with which he is identified 
is proud of him, and very justly so. 

Handwriting of Authors. 

According to a well-known literary 
authority, Joaquin Miller is one of thp few 
who write m it is impossible to read the 
Swinburne is another. There 
ipt poem of his that it is im 
possible to read entirely. Some verses v. ill 
read along quite fluently, but others are 
illegible. He probably writes with a 
quill pen, and a bad one at that. His let- 
ters have no shading, and be is not par 
ticular about dotting his i's or crossinjj his 
t's. Walt Whitman writes a very char 
acteristic" hand— big. boldly-formed let- 
ters; aireles-x, but very distinct. He also 
uses a quill. A letter of Ruskin'a looks as 
though he might have written it with the 
point of a pin, but it is very easy to read. 
The words stand a good distance apart, 
occasionally joined by the crossing of a t. 

"Yours in haste, Kate Field," written 
in a square, bold hand, is very character- 
istic and easily recognized under any cir- 
cumstances. One could hardly form a 
proper idea of Julia Ward Howe from her 
handwriting. It looks as though the pen 
barely touched the paper, and bears the 
marks of haste, It is not hard to decipher, 
however, e.veept the Howe in the sig- 
nature, that might as well be anything 

Now comes the worst writing imagin- 
able. It is a page of manuscript in one of 
Mrs. Oliphant's stories. If she had writ- 
ten it with the point of a hair, the strokes 
of her pen could not be any finer. When 
this manuscript was first received in New 
lork some six years ago the printers re- 
fused to set it up. Tliey declared that 
they could not read it. George Macdonald 
writes a large, manly hand, with bold, 
black strokes and unmistakable signature. 
Robert Buchanan writes an easily read 
affecttdly literary hand, as though he were 
trying to be uniutelligible, but did not 
like to be altogether so. He puts little 
curlycue$ on bis letters that jire rather 
boyish. William Winter, of the New York 
Trifnme, writes the most remarkable hand 
of all. The letters look like forked light- 
ning. His directions on an envelope are 
very plain, and you Iiegin the letter swim- 
mingly, but, before you know it, vou are 
brought to a stand-still. His penmanship, 
for all this, i.s pretty as well as unique, 
and there is something quite poetic about 
it. Journalists are more apt to write badly 
thau authors, for they write under pressure. 
They should write belter than any one else. 
or at least more distinctly, for the reason 
that there is no time to revi.^e their proofs. 
Horace Greeley «nd ex-Governor Bross 
have long had the palm for writing the 
most unreadable '-copy" that printers 
ever had to handle. There is a specimen 
of Governor Bross' writing in almost every 
I.riming oflice in the country, preserved as 

An English Printer's View of 
Bad Writing. 

"News Printer," writing to the Cifj/ 
Pr/'M, makes the following remarks upon- 
the alrove subject: "The art of writing 
(if it can be so called) is, I regret to say, 
studied by very few but clerks, and, not- 

tn his earnings whether he has 'copy' 
with which he can go straight along, or 
manuscript which is written in such a 
style as to cause him, every few minutes, 
to stop work, and endeavor to make out 
the crabbed hieroglyphics of the so-called 
'writing.' Nor must the innocent reader 
of your note, or of these lines, imagine 

C. M Robinson Propnetm of the Unton Business College, La Fayette, Ind 

withstandmg the immense amount of 
writing that is done for the Pittt and the 
large number of persons whose vocation 
consists of putting their (and other 
people's) thoughts and utterances to paper, 
the unfortunate compositors and ^ Prea» 

that eminent men or men clever m various 
branches of learning are any better than 
other people Indeed to us poor slaves 
of the press, the rule seems to be that 
the more clever and talented a man is, 
say, as a writer, doctor, lawyer, theo- 
logiari, politician, &c., the worse and 

I'ltolo-Enymved from Letter Rfcpived from C. M. Robi 

readers ' can give overwhelming evidence 

as to the illegibility of handwriting. 
Now, sir, this is a great loss to the com- 
positor. It makes a serious ditference 

more illegible is bis handwriting. It 
seems as though they studied everything but 
this. With some writers if really means 
being educated up to the point of reading 
their writing. I hope I am not taking up 

too nmch of your space, but I would men- 
tion one or two cases bearing on this sub- 
ject. An author who had written a book 
and had it printed refused to pay for the 
numerous corrections with which he was 
charged ; and on the case going into coi(rt. 
the judge decided that the writing was so 
bad and illegible as to justify the printer 
in charging for the consequent corrections. 
Another instance is that of the penman- 
ship of a celebrated writer a few years 
ago. The compositors could not read the 
writing, and the author arriving on the 
premises while the xmraveling of the 
puzzle was proceeding, the manuscript 
was submitted to him, but he was totally 
unabUtoread his own handwriting 1 In 
conclusion,! but a week or two ago re- 
ceived a letter from an M. P., and if l had 
not known who it was from, It would have 
been impossible to have understood the 
si^aturcl Nevertheless, a ray of light 
pierces the gloom in the existence and 
growing use of the typewriters."— /^n(/oH 
(Eng.) Efeetive Advert/ sen 

Ink Fresh from the Plant. 



I Will Slaiid. 

There is a plant which grows in New 
Granada which, if it could be only grown 
in sufficient quantities, would not only be 
of incalculable value in a monetary sense, 
but nil aid tnv. iird lightening the labors of 
the ink manufacturer. It is commonly 
known as the ink plant, and the juice is 
used without any preparation. According 
to the traditions of the country, its prop- 
erties seem to have been discovered during 
the Spanish administration. A number of 
written documents destined for the mother 
country were embarked in a vessel and 
transmitted around the Cape. The voyage 
proved to be an unusually tempestuous 
one, and as a consequence, the documents 
became saturated with salt water. Those 
written with the ink of chemistry be- 
came nearly illegible, while those written 
with "chanci," as the name of the juice of 
the plant was known, remained unaltered. 

As a result of this discovery, a decree 
was issued that all Government communi- 
cations should in the future be written 
with the vegetable juice. The ink is of a 
reddish color when freshly written, becom- 
ing perfectly black aftei a few hours, and 
it has the recommendation of not corrod- 
ing steel pens as readily as ordinary ink. 

The OpmiON of an ENORossEn. — 
"Your Compendium has been of inesti- 
mable value to me in making my designs." 
This is the verdict of Charles H. Blakslee, 
engrossing penman, New Haven, Conn. 
Hundreds of the leading ornamental pen- 
men of the country have said the same 
thing in one way or another. The fact is 
no pen artist can hope to get along with- 
out it. The price of the Compendium is |5. 
We give it as a free special premium 
for a club of ten subscribers (each with 
regular premium). We are now making 
a special offer of the Ames Compendium 
and the new Spencerian Compendium 
(price 17.50) for only $9. 

inioroMcopIo PeniiiaiiMlil|t. 

A card of the size of a postal card 
was recently sent to The Journal 
office by William A. Shaw, of Philadel- 
phia, stenograper to ex-Attoniey- General 
Wayne MacVeigh. Mr. Shaw claims that 
one surface of the card contains 5962 
words, comprising St. Matthew's Gospel 
from the first word to the word "him" in 
the 27th verse of the ninth chapter. 
The writing is so minute and close to- 
gether that the card presents to the 
casual glance an unbroken black surface. 
As for the number of words, 5902, we 
haven't counted them, but it seems to us 
there might as well be a million. .\s no- 
body on earth can ever hope to read them 
with any implement short of a Lick tele- 
scope, it really doesn't matter. 

Couuudrum C'ontCMl. 

The New York Epening World has been 
stirring up the punsters with a conundrum 
contest for a prize. Here are some of the 
offerings of the jolly jokers : 

Why do the recriminatioys of married 
couples resemble the sound of waves on the 

Because thoy are murmurs of the tied. 
Why is a teacher like a bootblack f 
Because nlie polishes the understanding. 


■ that 


5L'i^^'^ \\\ 

<\^N\\V3^^\^^ Vn^^Sa.^^^^^. 


DY C. p. ZANKIt. 

Plourishiug, like fiction, appeals strongly 
to one's imagination, and like poetry, to 
one's sense o{ harmony. Like the former 
it is fascinating, and like the latter in- 

Knowledge and skill combine more 
closely in this than any other art. With- 
out the former the latter can bo employed 
only in aping others; without skill knowl- 
edge i<as a candle under a bushel. 

The three essentials in flourishing are 
grace, harmony and artistic beauty. The 
first is that which rounds the curves; 
the second arranges the curves in one 
harmonious whole, and the hist udds the 
shade and polish to that which grace and 
harmony have so pleasingly arranged. 
Grace is produced by skillful motions; 
harmony by study and artistic beauty by 

If you have a good knowledge of art 
and can write skillfully you will have little 
or no difficulty in learning to flourish— in 
fact, you will find the road to the " palace 
of flourishing " pleasant and easy. But 
without this knowledge and skill you 
will find it a very tedious and difficult art, 
with but little recompense in the end 
other than a few recommendations stating 
that " while your work is very graceful it 
is not natural," or "while your flourish- 
ing is very beautiful your writing is poor." 
And were I to advise any one on this 
subject I would say, be proficient in 
writing, learn engrossing, practice draw- 
ing, study portraiture, and, lastly, add 
the graces of flourishing. The latter 
serves as a capsheaf, but it won't do for a 

To achieve success we need the practi- 
cal elements of art; to appreciate it we 
need the beautiful. Flourishing is orna- 
mental rather than practical. It consists 
of a series of strokes made rapidly and 
gracefully. A stroke made slowly is not 
flourishing — it is drawing; yet it may be 
in the form of flourishing. 

The fascinating and inspiring qualities 
of this art lie in the skillfully made and 
gracefully curved strokes. To watch the 
pen of an artist at flourishing move 
gi-aeefully off, and witli a few strokes 
make with almost magic rapiditv some 
form in ideality's domain seems almost 
miraculous, but it ia not; it is the prod- 
uct of skill. 

For those who desire to learn flourishing 
I have arranged herewith copies for prac- 
tice, beginning with the simplest exercises 
and ending with a design. All strokes 
representing freehand rapid work were 
made as represented, and should be prac- 
ticed in the same manner. 

Hold the pen (as illustrated) between the 
thumb and second finger, both of which 
should be well curved, the former at the 
point marked x, so as to allow the end of 
each to come squarely against the holder on 
opposite sides close to the pen. Thehcrtder 
should rest against the first finger, which 
should be held well out from the rest, and 
the little finger should serve as a sliding 
rest for the hand for ordinary work, but 
for large hold strokes it will be necessary 
to allow the. hand to rest on the pisiform 
bone marked «, in order to prevent the 
finger coming in contact with freshly-made 
shaded strokes. 

, Make all shaded strnkes from the hotly 
at an angle of sixty dcgrtrs. jMjike all 
strokes freely and linnly, iiml the shaded 
ones with more force and positiveoess than 
the light ones. See that both tetth of the 
pen press upon the paper evenly, so as to 
make a smooth shade and a strong line, 
and prevent the flipping of ink on the 
light strokes. Do not get discouraged if 
you fail to execute the designs as well as 
thf copies, but persevere. Patience, study 
and practice will produce the desired re- 


time and work 

,Take 'one des 
faithfully at it until you 
monious effect. Study simplicity, har- 
mony and design. Be earnest, be pro- 
gressive, be original. Make but few 
strokes, and make them freely, firmlv and 

AK I »J<>i:k\ai. 

Penmaxs Art Journal 

No advertiaements taken for 

15«d00 per iBsur. 

Subsrription : One yet 

New York, April, 


Public Schools 

(First I'l-lze Artjclei 

J. B. McJi.aU' 

Shobtuand Depabtment 52-68 

M)S. L. H. Packai-d. 
Are SljorthftDd Schools on the Wane; Phlla- 
dclphin StcDograpbers' Association; Ca- 
nnafan Sbortfianu Society; Sound and 

Sketch o^ C. M. Robinson 5* 

Handwriting of Authors — M 

AnEngUshPrinter'sVlowof Bad Writing... M 

Microscopic Penmanship 5* 

Init Fresh from the Plant 54 

Flourishinii 55 

Editorial Ccmmeni 
Shall we Have an i 

Special Writinn Ten 
The Puzzling ^iiKn^l 
The BuslncPS-Lettei 

Shorthand Scrl 
Portrait of C- 



Tbo I-'lourishliiff Contests. 

A number of wdl-knon-n penmen have 
signified their intention of coinpeting in 
The JoruNAL's second gi'eat flourishing 
contest, OS aimounccd last month. Others 
who intend to enter will oblige by notify- 
ing us. The prizes offered are as follows : 

^35 for best flourish. 

*10 for second best. 

Amb.s' Comi'endujm for third best. 

A penman n?.ay submit as many speci- 
mens as he likes, but can only take one 
prize. Conditions of contest same as in 
Teie Jodknal's first flourishing contest, 
and prizes to be awarded by vote of The 
Journal's readers. 

Same of ypxt Month's Attracttona. 

Professor Hoff's writing lesson (illus- 

Teaching Writing in the Public Schools 
(second prize article), a spirited contribu- 
tion, by F. J. Tolaud (illustrated). 

Kibbe's instruction in pen lettering (il- 

Two Iiirge platf,s of engrossing (one by 

Page lesson in flourishing (illustrated by 
two beautiful designs), by Fielding Scho- 

Ornamental specimen by A. E. Dew- 
hurst. General illustrations by TuE 
Journal's staff and others. 


The iNTitoDUCTioN tn Mr. Hofl's scries 
of lessons in writing, printed on another 
page of this issue, gives promise of some- 
thing out of the common in writing Its- 
s->us and something very valuable to 
students nud teachers of writing. The en- 

gravings to illustrate the series (many of 
which we have in hand) are fully up to the 
text. They will be used freely, and this 
series of lessons, if the editor's 30 years' ex- 
perience in this line counts for anything, 
will make a very decided impression. 

Would it not be well in arranging the 
date of jthe nest meeting of the Business 
Educators' Association to make it cither 
just before or just after the meeting of the 
National Educational A-ssociation? The 
latter will be in session at Nashville, Tenn., 
from July 16th to 20th, inclusive. The 
Business Educators are to meet in Cleve- 
land, Ohio, at a time to be fixed by the 
Executive Committee, of which Mr. E. R, 
Felton is chairman. The two cities are not 
far apart, and it is more than likely that 
many teachers would be glad of the oppor- 
tunity of attending both conventions. 
The matter is respectfully brought to the 
attention of the Executive Committee of 
the Business Educators' Association. 

e received for 
competition in our Prize Class, No, 3, 
•'Teaching Writing in the Public 

1 him printed in the March 
; JounNAL. Mr. Steele's leftei 

Editor OF The Journal: 

Allow me to make the suggestion that the 
readers of The JnPRSiL "chip in" and help 
make up a handsome purse to be divided 
into, say, three prizes for the beat design and 
work suitable for a large specimen piece. This, 
I think, would bring out the best workera in 
the profession in larger numbers than hereto- 
fore. 1 would hke to see a first prize of at 
least frW, and am willing to start it with JS. It 
is worth something to design and execute a 
really good, large piece, aud prizes suitably 
large fall heavily on one man— even an editor. 

F. G. Steele. 

Cambridge, Ohio. 

The size of the entrance fee would, of 
course, be governed by the number of 
competitors and the aggregate of prizes. 
With $50 as a first prize, |15 would do 
for the second and |5 for the third. This 
gives a total of $70, to raise which would 
require 14 contributors at |5 each. This 
we may regard as a minimum number, as 
a larger entrance fee would be practically 
prohibitory. Of course The Journal is 
ready to do its full part in contributing to 

New Use for the j-Square [Being a Gentle 
Domestic Bint to the Wives of Artist 
Penmen, for Which we are Indebted to 
" The Bookkeeper." 

thank J. A. Crawford, teacher of pen- 
manship in the Hillsboro, Ohio, College; 
J. L. Burritt, A.M.. Bayonne. N. J.; G. 
H. Chopin, Jacksonville. Fla. ; and J. L. 
Stewart, Muscatine, Iowa. 

Now, cannot some of the other readers 
of The Journal further extend the list f 
We should like also to know the names of 

Kngraved from Pen Copy E. 

I the Office of The Journal, Work of this Kind Executed fn 
Copy Made by us, in the Best of Style. 



3 of the competitors 
judge, so that in that 
respect there was no choice. The labor 
of reading and judging so many papers 
was quite formidable, causing us some 
embarrassment at first. Finally we com- 
municated with each of the competitors to 
know if Mr. B. F. Kelley, of The Journal 
staff, would be accepted as judge. The 
choice was approved by all the competitors, 
aud he was, therefore, selected. Mr. 
Kelley Ims had years of experience in just 
the kind of work he was railed to pass 
upon— teaching writing in the public 
schools — and no better judge could have 
been chosen. Most of the i)apers submitted 
were type-written. Mr, Kelley was not 
aware of the authorship of any of the 
papers submitted for competition, nor will 
he know the name of the prize-winners 
until he reads them in The Journal. 

Shall We Have an Ornamental 
Prize Contest? 

Wasbi.nqton, D. C, 
Mai-ch 26, 1889. 
My Dear Mb. Ames: 

In relation to the prize contest suggested in 
your last issue, I would like to contribute 
whatever sum may be decided upon as an en- 
trance fee, and to submit a (wn drawing for 

3 the subject ( 

J. \V. Swli 

The above relates to an ornamental pen- 
work contest suggested by F, G. Steele, 
Cambridge, Ohio, as outlined in a note 

the ijurse. The cost of engraving a page 
specimen alone is nearly $20, and the cost 
of engraving three or four, possibly half 
a dozen, such specimens is a very consider- 
able item. 

As the matter now stands, we will say 
that there h* $10 subscribed toward a 
necessary purae of $70. If any other 
readersof The Journal with a penchant 
for the ornamental in pen art feel inclined 
to enter into such a competition we shall 
be pleased to hear from them. 

Special Writing Teachers. 

Several friends have, during the past 
month, forwarded to us supplementary 
lists of special writing teachers in the 
public schools. Any further additions 
will be greatly appreciated by the editor. 

Besides the cities employing such writ- 
ing teachers, given in the March number 
of The Journal by Mr, Thomas Powers, 
Watertown, N. Y., we have the following 

ChilUcothe, Ohio, $1 oon 

Washington C. H., Ohio '400 

Hilbboro, Ohio [[ 500 

Kenton, Ohio. gyy 

Augusta, Ga 

Saratoga, N, Y ][ "" 

Decorah, Iowa 

Boston, Mass. (High School) " 

Grand Haven, Mich 

Ithaca, N. Y "..'.'■;; ,'.^ 

Ottumwa, la (about) 1,000 

For these additions and for other per- 
tinent information the editor Las to 

(he special writing mistresses when that 
is practicable. 

g)rt!on of women to men as special teacbers. 
ow many in the list ore required to teach 
bookkeeping with the penmanship ? How many 
t^-ach bothth'awine and peumaiiship ! 

In Muskegon. Grand Haven and Grand 
Rapids the special teachers t ' ' 

teachers of .singiii 
are both feniiiiint 

The Puzzling Signature. 

The only correct solution of the intricate 
signature printed in the March number of 
The Journal is from J. H. Bachten- 
kircher, Princeton. Ind., who writes that 
he has "never seen the signature." The 
name is Silas P. Yount. 

A number of subscribers made guesses 
more or Ic.-ts inaccurate. E. Bowers, 
manager of the Union Publishing Com- 
pany, West Bowersville, Ga., thoui,'Iit 
it might be Silas P. Sound or Silas I* 
Jornd. To E. M. Cruse, 3531 Wallace 
street, Chicago, the hieroglyphics looked 
lik« they might be meant for Silas P 
Yorud. E, C Frizzell, New York, read the 
address Silas Hornd, while Charles Witson, 
1111 Greenmount avenue, Baltimore, Md.. 
figured it nut into Silas Uorner. 

AIM -JOrKNAl..--*^; 

The Business-Letter Contest. 

The result of the voting on our prize 
business-letter specimens proves to have 
been almost as one-sided as in the voting 
on the ornamental specimens. By a ma- 
jority of nearly 4 to 1 TllE Jocrnai, 
readers decide that specimen H is the most 
desirable style for a business letter. In 
all there were 1744 votes cast, a little more 
than half the number cast in the flourish- 
ing contest, vrhich, was also triangular. 
The voting was as follows: 

1 Flret. 







g :;:.:;;:.: 


™" 1 '■"' 



Seven voters indicated only first choice. 
The author of specimen H, the first-prize 
winner, is B. F. Williams, penman of the 
Sacramento, Cnl., Business College, a 
graduate of the Normal Department of the 

School and Personal. 

— J. A, Crawford, an excellent writer, is 
teaching pemuansbip in the Hillsborough, 
Ohio, College. 

— There is a dash and grace to the penman- 
ship of J. M. Wade, Eoilenton, Pa., which a 
professional might envy. We had never heard 
of &fr. Wade until abont a year ago, when he 
began to advertise in The JorRC - ■ ■ 

1 the 

alert, and those who have the "snap and ^. 
in them are giving the veterans a very spirited 
race, and asking no odds of tfaein, either. 

— D. D. Darby, Northboro', Ohio, advertises 
ornamental pen specimens, chiefly in the line 
of flourishing, aud presents some flattering 
testimotiiabi from such a well-known penman 
as W, J. Kinsley, Shenandoah, Iowa. 

— We are informed that the Ohio Busiue^ 
University, Cleveland, Ohio, under the man- 
agement of P. D. Gorsline, is enjoying a very 
flattering degree of prosperity. It has a very 
capable penman in the person of J. F. Fisli, 
and publishes an attractive school paper called 
the University Exponent. 

—J. H. Crabb, formerly of Crabb's Writing 
Parlors. Wilmington, Del. , has transferred the 
scene of his operations to Philadelphia, 

— We have before us the prospectus of the 
long-promised penmen's directory which has 
been undeitaken by P. S, Heath, Gossville, 
N, H. It ought to 'be a good thing, and we 
hope to see it soon. 

—Prof. E. C. Atkinson, propnetor of the 
Sacramento, Cal. , Business College, has securtwi 
the services of B. P. Williams, graduate of the 
Normal Department of the Uem City Business 
Collie, Quincy, 111., as a member of bis fao- 

the way for a successful busine^ ''areer. 

— One of the best business writers we know 
of is P. T. Benton, of the Iowa City Business 
College. He is something more than a mere 
mechanical penman, too, being a man of very 
progressive ideas, both on the inside of his pro- 
fession and out of it. 

by C. E. Jones. We have often had 
casion to refer to the work of Mr. Jones, and 
invariably in commendation, 

— Howard Keeler's Amstei'dam, N. Y. , 
Business College boa.sts of having enrolled IW 
names in the nrst six mouths of its existence. 
We have received from the principal a photo- 
graphic insight into his well-appointed school- 
rooms, surmounted by a portrait of himself. 

— Thf '■nt^lrt-iip of the Jamestown, N. Y., 
Busiiu'^- I iillii:i. hns Ihih examined by us with 
mucli p|i-i-iin li h ,n.-i the beaten paths and 
pursm- :i iriit|i,n| . .t its own that Is very 
attraotiM' I'l inii|iiil \V. A. Warriner is to lie 

— Amity College, College Springs, Iowa, a 
flourishing classical and art school, is up to the 
times with a well-organized commercial de- 
partment under the charge of C. O. Wood- 

— E. O. Phillips, who has completed a course 
of penmanship at the Buffalo Business Univer- 
sity, and G. G. Dexter, a teacher of some years' 
st^dlng who has lately brushed up at the 

York State orgaiiiziug writing classes. Their 
headquarters are at Eiist Shelby, N. Y, 

— One of the most accomplished penmen and 
teachers of penmanship that we know is W. 

Copy Fu mi. the (I 

Gem City Business College, Quincy, III. 

llis reward is a full-bound copy of the 
new " Spenceriau Compendium." 

The writer of letter G, which was 
awarded second prize, Ls Louis Keller, 
Kendallville, Ind. The prize is a copy 
of "Ames' Compendium." Mr. Keller 
has twice before borne off laurels in Jour- 
NAi, contests of a different kind, having 
been siicccasfiil in the literary contests of 
last year. 

The author of specimen F is Hf A. How- 
ard, of the Rockland, Me., Commercial 
College. JIany of the voters who put 
Professor Howard's specimen last took oc- 
oision to say that they would have given 
it the preference if the contest were one of 
professional writing instead of writing for 
purely business purposes. While all 
readily acknowledged it to be a beautiful 
penmanship specimen, the shading, the 
elaboration of the capital letters and the 
precise squareness of the lops of small let- 
ters t and */ were freely criticised as being 
impracticable for ordinary business pur- 

The editor of The Journal is ex- 
tremely gratified at the widespread interest 
that has been taken in these penmanship 
contests. Nothing that a penman's paper 
Nas done in a long time has attracted so 
much attention within the lines of the 

All Others Knocked Orr.— Ames' Best. 

Pens are used exclusively at our desks, and 

think no others equal to them. Please send 

ulty. Mr. Williams is The Jodrnal^s first 
prize winner in the business letter class. He 
got his position through 

— The public schools of Heading, Pa., have 
secured a very valuable instructor in writing 
and commercial bi-anches in the person of A. 
W. Dudley. Mr. Dudley is originally from 
Detroit, and was lone identified with the old 
Mayhew Business College, of that city. 

— W. P. Parsons, of Duluth. Minn., proprie- 
tor of Parson's Business CoUeye, of that ■' 

the recipient •' ' *- '~' 

local and nei] 
and business 

— A. D. Skeels, of the Canada Business Col- 
lege, Chatham, Ont., is a very capable and 
conscientious |>enman, who is getting the best 
work from a large number of pupils. 

—The Leader, of Great Palls. Mon.; recog- 

growing iiistitution of commercial training 
presided over by H. T. Englehom. 

— F. M. Kissoti sends out circulars from New- 
portj R. I., soliciting orders for penwork. Card 
writmg is hts specialty. 

-A very handsome engraved card ( 

tution, and Eaos Spencer, well known 
B. E, A. circles, secretary and treasurer. 

—We have received a circular and price list 
of penmanship, issued by J. B. Graff, Phila- 
delphia, a very capable penman. We believe 
it was Isaacs who pointed out with his charac- 
teristic perspicacity that the ability most essen- 
tial to a penman (to any one else, perhaps) is 
the abibty to make his pen-abilitj* known. 
Graff has plenty of future ahead of tiim if he 
would take the proper steps to get introduced. 

— About 400 present and former students 
took part in the annual reunion and conver- 
sazione of the Canada Business College. Ham- 
ilton. Oot., on the evening of March 8. Presi- 
dent R. E. Gallagher was there, of course, 
gracefully filling the offices of superintend- 

1 the Coburn Institute, WaterviUe, Me., has 

H. Patrick, Baltimore, Md., of the faculty of 
Sadler's Business College. Mr. Patrick's let- 
ters are models of smooth, chaste, elegant pen- 
manship — just the kind of penmanship, ttm, 
that pleases the -business man. Mr. Patrick 
offers his professional services to the readers of 
The Journal, and it will be worth while to 
look over our advertising columns to see what 
he has to say. 

— To uuemployed teachere of writing and com- 
mercial branches we commend the advertise- 
ment of A. P. Armstrong, principal of the 
Portland, Ore., Business College. We have 
every reason for believing that the place 
offered is a very desirable one. 

— R. O. Stoll has opened a new school of 
business at Eau Claii-e, Wis, The name of the 
school is the College of Commerce. Its pros- 
pects are said to be of the best. 

— A. D. Taylor, who has written cards the 
country over and is now teaching penmanship 

-R. McCaskie, No. 110 Iverson road, West 

through the medium of The Jopi 

—The young citizens of Will's Point, Tex, , aie 
brushing up on their penmanship under the 
guidance of A. N. Curtis, who writes a very 
stylish letter. 

— There is a Uttle ass somewhere In the city 
of Philadelphia that goes by the name of J. M. 
Byrnes. If auy of *' * " 
we should be glad 1 

friends there know him 
hear from them. Some, as he borrows soinc- 
body's Journal every month, and then 

1 annoying us with stupid and i-idicult 

— We have before 

bv students of'W right's Busi: 

Lrge batch of speci- 

College, Brookfyn. The movement isclearaud 
free and the penmanship uniformly good. The 
pupils of this popular institution are making 

^uuuui9ui|i ui iiue puuiic scufwis oi criogoporc. 
Conn., has invented a slate-pencil sharpener 
that is attracting considerable attention. The 


and other i 

in band aud an 
—The great i 

gradimt.s, ^i 

1- lillL 

■Iv ).|.',1, 

gradimtin- .1 

oa the sl.ii;>- . 

J. Scligmiiii, 


.. N. H, 

Scbmitt, of the city Boonl of Educi 
Thomas Hunter, president of the City Nonual 
College, and Henry C. Wright, praprietor of 
Wright's Business Col" "^ '^ 

right, pn 
, Brooklyi 

i for ITlBreli. 

A distance of SOOO miles lies between the 
nointsfrom which the txvn largest clubs for 
TheJophvm hf^vo .-n,,,,. ,„ tl,n ,n^t mouth. 

As thoy .'111' .■,pi,'L[ in -i,-" *\. . tnJ thing les 

than niU i-n,^ i < \'ki;im.ii pro- 
priet<.ir- ■■! \i km-, .n - I '.n ■ i n. ■ ■ i '■ .: I,-,., .Satirg. 

the other memibere of the 

2(1; J. W. Yerex. Davis 
te, La Grange, N. C. M; 
Speut-erinu Business College, 

, Spe 

, HoU- 

Woshiiigton, D. C.,22; P. .S Br 

fax, N. S., 20; P. T. Bcuton lown City 

ness College, 1^; C. C. French. Dubuque, lowa, 

Business College, 31; G. W. Haimon, Penman 

Soule's Business College, New Orleans, 20. 

Clubs of from 10 to l.i names have been re- 
ceived from L. E. Burgess, Tehuacana, Tex. : 

W TT T<-I,l 1.V1 ft T-t, .,.-., M V- . T u ikl.r^ ,' 


s CoUege, AtlmiU. Uu. 

We have just got from the press a new edi- 
tion of " Ames' N^w Copy Slips." icvis^l. The 
populuritv "f thi-- IV.. Hr ri- nn r\ul both to 

largest t 

JL'hooIs have also 

N. Y., have long been identified with i 
ciaJ training. As the fouiKii-rs and nrr 
of a grtut "i-Vif'^l Hnv linve justly earned 
reputation lini ir )• ).iiliaps even more in 
their ciij.;i.iu .i- i.ul-li-.lnTs of commercial 
text-bfmk- ili.r iii.\ ,111 wi'll known through- 
out Eii;;li-.h s|-.,luii- \ The "Will- 
iams & liugtis Uixikkt-fpiii^ " has had a most 
I sole, tbmbing in a fewyci 
into hun 
[■ text-1 
whirh foIlowe<l the 






day passes but then 

to what inks may be used for 
eiei'uting drawi iigs puri>n8ed for photo-engrav- 
ing. As yet we have no knowledge of ink that 
will prrxlure the l»est reBuJta but India ink 
freshly grr>und from the stick. If any of our 
reatlefs know of an ink that will give perfectly 
black hair-lines they would do us and the 
readers of The Journal a great favor by in- 
formmg us respecting it. 

AK 1 .JOl'KVVI. 


■ Contributions for this Dciii 

It in said that there are whole counties in 
Kentucky in which not a single school exists. 

New York City will t^pend over »100,000 this 
year ia teacbinj; German in its public schools. 

OonnetTticut has a student in college to every 
54t> penwns. TLis is said to be the best in the 

A ti 

the hard worcfe in the dictionary. 

Fifty thousand dollai's have been left as an 
endowDient to establish a profectsonibip of pbys- 

i'<l of the school 
popuiHtion, njceives but $11,000,000, or one- 
tenth of the funds. It would require an ex- 
ponditiire of $:^t,000,000 in the South to give 
them the same school advantages as enjoyed 
by the North. 


first aniloiily «iie m tbc world, i> published in 
Berlin. It. is called the Oennan Teachers' 
.lourniif. A portion of its space is devoted to 

jxplain the relations of the participle, 

A. B. does not stand for Bachelor of Ath- 
The latest outr— The boy who is " kept aft«r 

nothin'. The r 

Cambridge, England, has established a 

learn how to split 

e of 13 weeks.— Dffn 


table) — George, deai-, 
nut •!■' ' - \nuik cashiere from 

thefi.i u . ■ !,..!.,■ 

HujIk I, lituB Professor of 

, my dear, though there 

', they have more latitude. 

Teacher — "Now, Bobby, how much do six 


that way. Five and five make ten." — Ex- 

Will Ramsay, Jr., Rochester, N. Y,, sends 
The Journal the foUowine. for which he per- 
sonally vouches: 

Missouri Pri)(<--i - .i i' U'lmtisthe 


There woa n 
childish little '< 

'■ Ta 

"Howlovelyt Tbedai'liug! He'll l>e a gi-eat 
author some day." 

A rather strange ntflirtion Impiwin-'i l** n 

school class in pliysidintiy — /J'/iim Jlcmiii. 
Schoolmaster's Wife — ■■ If your sister comes 
with ber children ,'and i*emailis witli 
I few days, we shall have to fry lots of pan- 

(lon't huppt-ii to have any eggs in the house, a 
little butter will do,"— /■■/lep^ndr Rtdtter. 

" Now, 'Willie," said the Sunday-school 
teacher, "you may tell me why Noah went 

"Cant, ma'am." 

" Why. Willie, you ought to be able to guess 
*•-* "■ * — *' 1 great flood corn- 

that, I^emember, there ii 


The candle wick is up to snuff. 
Missunderstandings — Girls" feet. — Dan 

A barber's shears s 
so should the barber. 

Husband — " It is strange how the smallest 
specimen.s of men get the r 

cramped for funds. — Boston Couri 

No old maid should despair. Naomi didn't 
get married until she was o80 years old. and 
even then she was soiTy she hadn't waited a 
century or two longer. 

Miss Chicago, 
that you have heard of Hogg f " 

Miss C— " Well, I should say 1 had. Father 
and his friends never talk of anything but hog. 

ard of H( 

hog, hog, all the t; 

-Yankee Blade. 

Outline first with pencil, then with ink, 
leaving openings at poiats where foliage is 
to appear in front. Next make the foliage 
and then shade the body of letters. The 
foliage stroke is rery simple and is 
illustrated at the left of A. It should be 
msde with a pen that gives a thick, strong 
line moving in any direction, as a fine line 
will give a weak effect every time. A pure 
forearm movement should be used, and the 
stiokes should be short and nearly in 
directions indicated. 

Work only for effect. Do not try to 
bring out any leaf in detail. 

Book-keepiDR, Correspondence and the English 
' "" Permanent employment lo one able to 

'oderat© salary at first. Address, with 

P ARMSTRONG. Portland, Orecon. 

*- mercifti School, by a Teacher of PennianBhlp 
and Commercial Branches now employed In an 
Eastern Business College. SaUsfactory reasons 

a for desiriufT a cbanei 
iptionable references as to 


'■ Somebody had borrowe. 

FlouriaJied by Frank E. Cook, of the Stockton, Col., Business College {Photo-Engraved). 

1 play 

A lady's mag.izine tells " How i 
Floors." A cheaper way is to take up 

ith. — Non'i.sfoivn 

At a hugging-bee for the benefit of a chui-ch 
along the upper Hudson a few evenings since, 
a man. while blindfolded, hugged his wife for 
several minutes without knowing whom he was 
hugging. \Vhen he did find out he wanted his 
15 c«nts hack.— Philadelphia liecoid. 

Horace Greeley told this story of himself. 
Soon after he went to learn the pi'inting busi- 
ness he went to see a preacher's daughter. The 
he attended meeting he was consider- 

oufly tormented with a devil. 

She had been hanging round the library for 
some time, but seemed timid about going up 
to the desk and making known her wants. 

Work rapidly, holding the pen firmly to 
the paper, and don't forget that old motto, 
*'Try, try again," if at farst your foliage 
looks fiomew-hat flat. The shading on the 
body of the letters should be made with a 
coarse pen, or u 303 which has been used 
until it is unfit for fine writing. No fine 
lines should appear in it. Make every 
touch strong and put the lines, which 
should be made in short sections, close 
together at the right and bottom of letters, 
and if they touch each other in some places 
the effect will not be injured. The short 
cross-strokes are put on last. Following 
Z will be noticed a clump of foliage for 
the learner to practice upon. In writing, 
regularity is a point to be secured, but in 

ing; send specimens. Also a thorouffhty i 
petent teacher of commercial arithmetic nmi 
commercial branches. Christians preferred 
Send photos and state salary. Reference T.i 
begin Sept. Ist. Address "COMMERCIAL.'' 

e of The Penm 


chancre of locntion, or promotion to 
broader Helds with larger salaries, should 
address the 


W. A. McCord, Manager. Des Moines. Iowa. 

Now is the tlmo to enroll in order to secure 

Iiii.-<(ir Afjihuhct, by H. W. Kibhe {Photo-Engraved. See Accompanying Lesson}. 

Impecumous Lodger — ' ' Jemima, did you ask 
Mrs. Moggies whether she would take my 
I. O. U. for the rent, as I'm rather " 

Maid of All Work — " Yes, sir ; and she says 
she won't, sir, not if you was to hoffer 'er tne 
ole halphabit ! " — Punch. 

(to Flossie, who had been lunching 

cation. Address "WORKER." 
Penman's Abt Jouhnal. 



One of the beet equipped Buslnees CoDegea in 
America, located In a large Eastern city, will be 
sold on advant«(feous tci-ms. Orgatii/.ed 1885, 
Receipts gaOOO per annum, and may be readily 


s Journal. 206 Broadway, N. Y. 


— In the line of flourisbine we must credit 
E. M- Chartier, of the Paria, Tex.. Business 
College, with the most ncceptable olTerings 
during the past month. Next in order, and 
scarcely below them, is a bird from E. G, 
Gonslead. Willow Lake. Dak. The same art is 
exemplified on cards, &c., by Charles Grant, 
•Davenport, Iowa; Arthur T. Ely, Berkey 
Ohio (who also aend» visiting cards), and 
M. V. Hester, Ridge Farm, 111. From the 
latter we likewise have capital combinations 
executed T\ith gi-eat freedom of movements 
too free for practical piirpofies. yet not without 
prom i Me. 

— Ver>' handeonie capital combinations come 
from W. H. McNeil, Flint, Mich. The name 
is not very well kno«ii to us, but the wxiter 
has undoubted taleut. 

— Inclosed in an exceptionally well written 
letter l>earing the heading of the Spencerian 
Business College, Washington, D. C, we re- 
ceived a package of «Titten cards that i^penk 
highly for the skill and taste of E. T. Moiver, 
a pupil of that institution. The strokes are 

r the Elmira School of Commerce 
shows through every stroke. tYom 
andle, mnmao of the big nornml 
Jixon, III., we have an elaborate and 
journal heading, " The Musical 

manship, Wiiniii 
number of sh|'-, •; 

both teacher and 
them all, and, 
fortunate city of Winoi 
HarmaUj Monroe, Wis., 

e have a slip of beau- 

1 is coming to the iro 

— A large page, representing the balance- 
sheet of a ledger, admirably done, came to this 
office several weeks ago The uame A. A, 
Abercrombie is at the bottom. Tbei-e is no 
address and no further eiplanntion. 

— Some of the other !it(. i - -ii. i^in. u.ti 
worthy penmanship tliJiT )■ ■ . i . -, r , i 

A. S. Chase, peiuuan atiil :■ _ i , l i ^ :, 
N. H.; A. T. ReynoMs, \„-,,-.i,,. M,. ,,„■,,- 
manship neat and oright as a new pini ; u. (.', 
Spencer. Washington; A. L. Briggs, Medora, 
111. ; Edwoi'd Wagner, Packard's Business Col- 
lege, New York; B, Mallery, Wilksbaire, 

received since the March JorRN.VL was 

M. H. McNeill, Flint, Mich. 
Charles J. Morse. 21 Lincoln street, Homer- 
vtUe, Mass. 
. Clarence E. Chase, Hiawatha Academy. 

Hiawatha, Ean. 


College, San Antonio, Tex. 
W. F. Mai-tin, Princeton, Kan. 
J. W. Jones, Osmans, Ohio. 
E. Bowers, West Bowersville, Ga. 
W. H. Adams, White Rock, Tex. 
J. C. Blanton, Hai'demen, Ga, 
J. C. Stuart, Muscatine, Iowa. 
C. J. Lysing, Nipoma. Cal. 


The Above Cut RepreaenU a New Diplomu for the Use of Business Colleges. The Diploma Itsrlf is Printnl Vj,on n 
Quality of Linen Paper, Size 18 a- 23 Inches. They will be Kept in Stock and Supplied at Venj Beasonahft- Hal 
they may be Changed upon Plate to Suit Any Business College, and Printed th Aiiy Number at Very Low Cost. 
ZHploma, aa will be Seen, may be Used for Any Department of a Business College. 

good and the combinations harmonious. 
Neatly wTitten cards also come from D. L. 
Stoddard, Emporia, Kan. The beat vnitlen 
cards we received dui'ing the post month (from 
a professional standpoint) are from the jien of 
Edwin Stockin, Watertown, Mass. Since Mr, 
Stockin has made known his ability by steadily 
advertising in ToE Joi'RNal he has been 
coming very rapidly to the front as a leader in 
his line. 

—The Jourkai. wishes to make its lowest 
bow to its nine-year-old little friend Mary 
Case, of East Des Moines, Iowa, for an original 
pencil sketch. The perspective and the execu- 
tion for a child of this age are really extraor- 
dinary. In the same connection we must ac- 
knowledge the receipt of a well-wi-itton little 
note from Agnes E. Jewell, Romeo, Mich., 
seven years old. She is n pupil of A. (I. Bot- 
tom! ey. 

—Here is a real galaxy of good writere, each 
represeat^i by a letter of the very first chiro- 
graphic excellence: George F. Page, Troy, 
N. Y.; C. L. MeClellan, Western Normal Col- 
lege, Bushnell, lU.; W. N. Ferris. Big Rapids 
Mich.. Industrial School; J A rrawfonl' 
HillslKlm, Oliin CollfL-.- \ K N..,,!.,.,,'-' 

Pa.; J. B, McKay, Kingston, Out. (another 
rarely graceful penman); T. J. Donning, Lin- 
cohi. III.; W, G. Westlake. Meudville. Ki.; A. 
C. Ong, Creighton, Neb. ; M. M. Lemmond, 
Cape Girardeau. Mo,; C. A, French, Boston 
Post-office (The Journal's old stand-by in 
the East); L. A. May, Leadville, Col. ; C. H. 
Spear, Plattsburg, 14. Y. ; Louis 1). Senai,()(lS 
(.Ihestnut sti-eet, Philadelplii.i , II i hi-iain, 
Washington College, LtIii^:! ii i il m \ 
Chandler, Rutland, Vt. ; \\" s Unin i IihjlIi, 
Frank Pierce, Iowa (wh() nik in iiminii i-n 
the gold pen prize!; ^V, I., si.n l . \ , i ■mIi-iiuiiiV 
National BiLsinL'>- i',,ii, ., .. ,\ ,ii. , (i, M. 
Neale, principni \" - ,; i v;i ' onimer- 
cial College ; HI- i , k Yarda, 

Chicago; W. M W _- m_: i miN. C.(a 
very superior p./iiiii. I. I I v\ u>ii, guincy, 
pitAl Citjj- 

_. .umcy. 111.; G. G. 
Dexter, East Shelby, N. Y. ; K. L, Phelmi, 
principal Winnipeg, Man., Business Col- 
lege; Frank MarceUuB, West Day, N. Y.; A. 
R- „ Day, principal Snma. Ont, Business 
" " M. C, HcGee, principal Prairie City 

Business College, Kyle, 

Philadelpliia: A. A. L'lark, ( 'k-vi'raiKi'oLj'.'!"^ ' 

— I. W. Hallett. the well-known penman, 

sends us tiie photo of on ornamental piece mode , 


< M V Mnrriss, who heiids 

' iKingers, is McPher- 

!■ I ' ni (;ity, Neb,, in- 
. _ < II in the last issue. 
• 1. Lui|jL>ria, Kan., wishes 
oppcd from the list, his time 


For 35 Cents In Stamps 

ten Id ray best style, aud !-4 gross Oillott's Cele- 
brated UM E. F, Pens in handsome box. 

1 cdQ furnish you with auythinK In the line of 
Penmen's Supplies at prices that will curprise yo •. 

Send for My Cireulara. 



Northern Illinois College if Pen Art, 


Thorough instruction fn every branch of Pen- 
manship and Peu Art . Gra uale« aided in secur- 
ing good positions. Enclose twoKreen stamps for 
illu'trated circulars and ensrraved spectmeDd. 
C. N. CRANDLE, Penman 


-Ubl^bi'd : 
id 'acuities 


»n (or selling, poor health. 

>\ Td£ Penuak's Art JomxAi. M08 Broadway, 

Goodwin's Improved Book-keeping 


L'ontains !c;3 pages. 
Us of which are de 
eel to the book- 
■pins of 

"A 1" HOUSES. 

, nrtndpally. from points 

A few of the nubJecU 

•nf sale* : entry and bill 
Imok keepers ; enterlni; 
- ItMi.W from which post- 

ili ■< Journal with special 

trly t>RtM ; ship- 
i-uesmen's Com. 
_ . _ _ i(Hiai tasii uooks : Purchase 
Journal; Merchandise Returned Jotimal; Abstract- 
od; ProTinpneveral IiedRerHBeuifrniDtv 
__ -The Check System— sales checKi 
lary sheets ; cashier's coupon ; pncki 


Uooks : Purchase 
ledRertt eeun 
Retail:— The Check System— sales checKs;8uni- 
ary sheets ; cashier's coupon ; packers' coupon; 
charge depnrtnient ; credit department; che«.-KlnK 
department : COD. sales ; M O.l) sftleit; Clerks' 
Sales Book ; Clerks' Abstract Books; Deportment 
Sales Books ; Department Ledfter ; proving aales 
checks ; the register-sheet method ; the reeiatcr- 
book method: the sales-sheet method; RetallBaleB 
Ledgers ; Proof Ledgers ; Check Analysis ; Sum- 
Any book-keeper who hopes to obtain a slluntfon 
in a lar^e wholesale or retail house, or &uf person 
who is in any way connected with suchanouie, 
will And this article of inestimable value, 
copies sold up to April la, 1889. 
edition published April. 1H80 
Price Three Dollnra. 
for S'.I-page desirljilive pamphlet Addrcw 

"j.^H. GOODWIN, 

IB. 1216 Broadway, NEW YORK. 

Tenth e 



I a beautiful Motto, suuh u 
;>rnf," " Unck of Ages," "No 

>,. , ..lilod In four coloi 

Witt an 

-edged Cards, written, 20c. 
> 180. per pack. Send for 




he uBpd by all stuileui«ar Pcutnansblp li 


" Seeing is Believing," 


Lock Box 113. iit. Minneapolis, Minn. 



Evecules all Kinds of Ornamental Pen-Work 
To Order. 

Our Engrossing, Pen-Drawing, lettering and 
Flourishing have received the highest commenda- 


is the designing of Ornamental Pen- work. Reaolu- 
tions, Testimonials, Sc . executed In a flrat-cloM 
manner. Large pieces of Flourishing, I^tt«rlne 
onij Pen-Drawings done in the best possible manner. 
Correspondence solicited and satisfaction guaran- 

12-12 A. E. DEWHURST. Utica, N. Y. 


OurComolete Work, 41.00, with 
$5.00 Certificate. 

Rook -Keeping and Shorthano 

Taught by Mail. C:italogue Free. 


Iowa Commercial College, Davenport, towa. 

Shading T Square 

My Written Compendium is 
proving a perfect substitute for lessons 
by mail. Tliose wfio iiave bought it 
arc gliding into a free movement and 
easy style of writing with as little dif. 
ficulty as I could ask were they under 
my personal supervision. The Com- 
pendium is a success as a ^(JOTc /«^/r«(-- 
'ar, because 1 use a method in the 
first exercises which compels the right 
mm'eiiicnt. I firmly believe any young 
person of common sense may become 
a graceful writer by following up the 
idea carried out in this compendiur 
It embraces everything necessary in 
fifteen lesson course, and would be 
big help to traveling teachers. Pric 
One Dollar by mail, post-paid. 

Pernin Universal Phonography. 

The only Nmi-ShH(Hnir, Noii-I- 
'"'" ""WOl .Short-Hund, Notc-Tnkinir Style in 
r leasoiiB. Legible ns Print. Reporting 

Vowel .Short-HnniiV Notje- 

Twelv- „ „ „, „..,. „. „, 

InBtitute. Trial le«f>on and cireulura free. Write 

netrolt. Mich. 


paptLs, suoh aB i 

iQpt^, suoh aB not« books, peiLotls, peoa, rubber 

? repaid, to any part of tbo Unltea States 
ofSl-SO. Address, 


905 Broadway. New York. 

m receipt of •! 


The Wonderful Machine for Writing Shorthand. 

Easy, ActJuraK and Reliublo. Send stamp for a 
Si^pago Circular. MuoIiIdcs rented on trial. 

i add replied. 

A. \Ar. DAKIN, 


No. 30 Johnson St., SYRACUSE, N. Y. 

Send 15 


Priw Hfduwd lo SSfi. 

I Jo, 

■noua* (u 1 


i Tbb Journal ni 
cliok* of the followlos; elegant premiuins/r 

Lord's Prayer , Size lU x '.^ 

I Eagle " 24x3:; 

Flouriabed Stag » 2ixS-i 

CeoteDnial Picture of Progress " 24x28 

t Memorial . " 22x28 

Garfield Memorial " 10x21 

Family Record " IS x 2-2 

Marriage Certificate " 18 i 2J 

Grant and Llncolu Eulogy 

Penmanship Premium) ■' 24x80 

vithout exceptloD careful 
reproductions of some of the most elegant speci- 
i country. 

tmgJI for The Journal may receive as premium 
a pacKage of Ames' Copy Slips, 

bound in paper, or the same in cloth 

SI. ^5. Both the Guide and Copy Slips hav 

reached a Itemendous sale, and are taught frot 

in some of the leading 

sical schools of this country and Canada. They 

Contain evervthing necessary to make a good, 

practical business penman of a person of average 

mtelligence. For $-i we will send Tun Jocrnal 

one year, the Guide in cloth and a coi)y ot tht^ 

Stmidard Fractical Pvnnianship, 

Special Premiums for Clubs. 

To stimulate those who interest themselvps m 
getting subscriptions for The Joui 
number of valuable special or extra premiums to 
pay them for their time and trouble Under this 
t each sabscrlbor will bIh" be entitled 
) choice of the rogulur prPiuluniB enumerated 
■ sender of 
e club. Where 

J party will have t( 

ivo subscriptions and 
&ulde in cloth. 
For $10. ten subscripti( 
Comprndiwn of Practical and Oitiamental Pen- 
e of this superb 
-d, is $3. We liave h( 

For $2 two subscriptions and a quarter-gross 

For 82, two subscriptions and a book of Jtecita- 
' ions and Readings, comprising nearly fotir hun- 
ired standard select! 

e readings, &c. 

For $a, two subscnptions and History o/ th. 
Unitad States, beautilully printed 
Priot) $1. 

For J6, ail subscriptions and the Wot 
Camera Pho.ographic Outfit by 

s all that ■ 
plete photograph. 

For $11. nine subscriptions and the Unique Tel,-- 
graph Outfit, by express 

For >I0, ten subscriptions and the celebrated 
Flobert Uijle, Remington action, oiled, case. 
hardened, pistol grip, checkered, twenty -two 
caliber, sent by express. 

For 525, twenty-five subscriptions and an ele- 
gant breech-loading double-barreled Shot Oun- 
with complete loading set. 

ForS30, thirty subscriptions and a fine e^tra 
heavy rolled gold-plate iVutch, elegant hunting 

without monogram. It has the sweep second 
movement and stop attachment. Sent by express 

For $3, two subscriptions and choice of two 
hundred Popuior IVorka, Alta editioj, compriting 
poetry, travel, history, biocraphy, adventure, 
fiction. &c. These books are beautifully bound! 
List of over one hundred of them in The Journal 
for February, lbS9. 

For $17. seventeen subscriptions and Dickeut' 
ComplUe fPorks, fourteen volumes, haadsomely 

Eff"A present subscriber sending subscriptions 
to secure any of the above special premiums may 
locindt) hlHonn renewal among the number. In 
that cose his time will be extended on our books 
for one year, whether bis present subscription is 
out or not. A person working for a club to secure 
ail extra premium may send his subscriptions aa 
he gets them, and they will be placed to bis credit 
and the extra premium sent when the requisite 
number ot subscriptions have been received, 1 he 
club worker, however, must notify us that he is 
working for an extra premium, so that we may 
give him credit for all the subscriptions be may 
send. Unless he does so notify us at the lime of 
aenitng (fie BUbscriptions we will not recognize 

There is absolutely no chance for a club worker 
to lose any part of tlie fruit of his toil. If, for m- 
slance, he should start out to send us thirty suh- 

ceea In getting ten subscriptions, he would be en- 
titled to receive the Flobert Rifie or any five of 
the special premiums ofTered for two subscrip- 

To any prtBpnt snbHcrlber who will send us one 
now subscription (not a renewalj and Si to pay for 
same we will send The Complete Book of Home 
Amusements, a splendid volume of entertain inent 
forth© home circle and social gathermgs. The 
subscriber also gets his choice of our regular pre- 

To any present tsbaorlber who will send us two 
now subscriptions (nol renewals) and $2 to pay for 
same we will send our Family Cyclopedia, one of 
the most useful books of imiversal information in 
print. Each ol the subscribers will also be en- 
titled to choice of regular premiums. 

Wewantageots everywhere to take subscrip- 
tions and sell our specialties. 

13. T. .A.3i^ES, 

WeW Yoi^k Fine portrait CompaniJ 

That will make you Elegant Crayon Portraits 
from $5.50 to $7.60, for which the prevail- 
ing Market Price Is from $25 to $60. 

These prices are to introduce our work, after which we shall charge more — and 
you will pay it willingly. But we are too busy to give further particulars now. Next 
month we shall call for agents (exclusive territory given). Good agents make excellent 
wages without wearing out their shoes and their lungs, as our portraits 
themselves. Refer to Prof. D. T. Ames, editor of The Penman's Art Journ.' 




Most Durable, Most Elastic, Most Satisfactory 
and in the long run far the Cheapest. 

We Use no Other. 

i' Ames' Best Pens. 

Sales larger than of any pea eye r put on the American 
market (in an equal period), yet the p rice of Ames' Best Pen is 
a little higher th an that of other pens. 

But is it not worth your while lo pay a few cents more on 
the gross and get a pen that will give you better service and 
outlast two of the ordinary sort ? 

Quarter gross, 35 cents; one gross, $1.00. Special intro- 
duction price to schools. 

D. T. AMES, 


BtTsiNESJ^^ Supinor SlIoYiTtl". - 

These Schools Are 

moag the best of theli' kind ii 

Oood bonid io privito families i 

McKEt: it HEN!)I-;i{SON. () 


J Send me yoar oame written in full, and 25 oenta, 
and I w\n send you one do^^eo or more ways oi 
writing it. vfith iiistruotions ; or aend me a S-oent 
stamp, and I will send vou addressed In mr own 
hand, price list descriptive of Lessons by Mail, Ex- 
tended Movements, Tracing Exercises, Capitals, 
Cards, Flourishing, etc. Address, 

'. S.— No postal c 

□ Junction, Iowa. 

JSilkandisatin Ribbons 


The prices given under the porta-ait cuts shown on this page inchidf coat oi 
by mail, twenty- five eente each must be added for postage. Erectros cost hftr 
cuts we have in stock, suitable (or businet--^ college cii-cnlai-s and neMsfain-i ad^ 
brancu of plain and ornamental penmanship. Write and tell us what vm «ant 
HAKD ENGRAVED iu the most beautiful style (white on black or black on white; 
nnest polity: look al Ihebfnnti/u! work jjrinted in every issiu- of The Jo 
'"" " "" r a deposit cHjual to at leoht 

ipcrati\e Address 

D. T. J^TiOiSiS. SOB "Broadway ISTe-w TTorlt. 


Description of those Made by 

No. I Is a oorapromise betweeu Old English and 

German Text, easier than either. 
No. a may be railed the " Solid Head." 
No. 3 resembles No. 1, only the pen is reversed 

and the shade comes OD the left, having a. very 

pleasing effect. 
No. 41s based on the "QermaD Text." and adapt- 
No. 5 Is a beautiful Script, and especiallyadapted 

to small pens ; very useful. 
No, Oleba.>ied on the "Marking Alphabet," and 

is adapted to rapid ntid plain work. 

No. 7 is similar to No. a. but specially for small 

I. 8 may be called the "Block," as the letters 

No. 9 

3 be made of s 
_ _ Msbased onthe"0ldEnpii8h." 
No. 10, the Figures, neeful and ornamental. 
Any or all of above, 15 cents each. 

[nfinite In number. 10 cents each. $1 per dozen 
I/SBSona hy AInll u Bneclalty. 

12 lessons, $2.50. 30 less^ma. $4.(>0. 




The only Penmanship Paper ia the South 
published monthly. It is beautifully illus- 
trated, practical, progresBive and instruct- 
ive. Its columns are devoted to the inter- 
ests of penmanship in all its departments, 
to self improvement and practical educa- 
lion. Subscription, 50 cents per year. A 
sample copy for two cents in stamps. Ad- 



h at«m 

mu^i^ V\/t-jjj|j' 


B USINESS Col lege 

449 Main St., Buffalo, N. Y., 


Business Education 


By means uf direct Personal Correapuudence. 

The First School of 'ts kind in America. 

The Course of Study and Practice includes 












Any of the followioi; artioles will, upon receipt 
of price, be promptly forwarded by mall (or express 
when so slated): 

When 10 cents extra are romitted merchandize 
will be sent by registered mall. 
Ames' Compendium of Praotloal and Orna- 
mental Penmanship $5 00 

Ames' Book of Alphabets l BO 

Ames' Guide to Practloal and Artistic Pen- 
manship, In piper BOo.; in oloth 76 

Ames' Copy Slips for aelf-'Teachers..., 60 

Williams' and Pacltard's Gems 6 00 

Standard Practical Penmanship, by the Spen- 

cei Brothers 1 OO 

New Spencerian Compendloxn. complete In 8 

part*, per part flo 

Bound complete 7 60 

KIbbe'a Alpnabeta, five slips, S5o.; coaiplete 

set of -S slips I 00 

LlcCle's Illustrative Handbook on Drawing. , . 60 

Grant Memorial 28x28 inch ea 60 

Family Record 18x23 " 50 

Marriage Certificate iSxfiJ " 50 

Garfield Memorial 19x24 " 50 

Lord's Prayer 19x24 '■ 50 

Bounding Stag 24x32 " 50 

Flourished Eagle 24x38 " 50 

Centennial Picture of Progress. -.22x26 " 60 
" " " ...28x40 " I 00 

Eulogy of Lincoln and Grant. . . .23x28 " 60 
Ornamental and Flourished Cards, 12 designs, 

new, original and artistic, per pack of 60, 80 

100 by mail 60 

Bristol Board, S-slieet thick, 22x28,"[>er sheet! 60 

" Six28 per sheet, by express ... 30 

French B. B., 24x34, " " ... 76 

Black Cardboard. 22x28. for white ink .....". ! 50 

Black Cards, per 1000, by express 3 00 

per sheet, qntre 

Whatman's by mall, by ex, 

DrawlDg paper, hot^press, 15x30. .3 .15 S 1 20 

^' ■■ 17X22.. .20 2 00 

19x24.. .20 2 20 

;; ;; sixso.. .as 375 

Slx52.'." i.7b 30 00 
W sor 4; Newton's Sup'r Sup.lndia Ink Stick 1 00 

Pr pared India Ink. per bottle, 5J 

mea' Best Pen. V^ gross box 35 

Am s' Penmen's Favorite No. 1, per gross. . . 90 

" " " ^ grossbxs. 26 

E grossing Pens for lettering, per doz 25 

w-QulUPen, very fine, for drawing) doz. . 75 
S miecken Pen, for text lettering— Double 

Points— set of three 20 

Broad-set of five 25 

que Penholder, each lOo.; per dozen I 00 

D uble" Penholder (may be used either 
tralght or oblique), each 10c.; perdozen, 1 00 
Ob que Metal TipsCadjustable to any holder', 

achSc; perdozen 36 

Wri ing and Measuring Ruler, metal edged . . 30 

N w Improved Pantograph, for enlarging or 

diminishing drawlnga ] 25 

Ready Binder, a slmpto device for holding 

N w HanUy'lYindcr. light and strong. ■ 75 

C mmon Sense Binder, a fine, stiff, oloth 

binder. Journal size, very durable 1 60 

R 11 Blackboards, by express, 

N.l, 8iz©2 iSfeet...... ** 175 

N . 2, " 2^fix3Hfeet... 176 

N . 3, " 3 X4 " 2 60 

Sto 6 Cloth, one yard wide, any length, per 

rd, slated on one side ] 26 

6 inches wide, per yard, slated both sides. 2 25 
L uld Slating, the best in use, for walls or 

w oden boards, per gallon fl oo 


ood bank note paper la kept in stock, and 

rs will be filled by return of mail or express. 

fractional denominations are : 1 's, 5'a, lO's. 25'8 

60'8,ui convenient proportions; the bills are 

e denominations of I's, 2'8, S's, lO's, 20's, 50's. 

00 5O0'a and l.OOO's, which are printed on sheets 

teen bills each. They are proportioned so as 

e 3 ottfs, 3 twos, a Jtves, 2 tent, and one each of 

20. 50, 100. BOO and 1,000 dollar notes. 

T e proportion in which the different denomlna- 

are printed is that which long experlencehaa 

monstrated to best meot the demands and con- 

enceln business practice. We cannot furnish 

the boript In other propnrtlnns than those named, 

except upon special order ami at additional cost. 

Fractional Currency per 100 notes t V6 

" 600 800 

•1,000 • 600 

•2.000 " 800 

760 notes representing $83.3.)0 capital $ 7 00 

B kept In stock and 1 


Are unequaled for smooth, taugb leads. 

If your stationer does not ket-p them mention 
Penman's Journal and send 16 cents in stamps 
to the Joseph Dixon Crucible Co., of Jersey 
City. N. J., for samples worth double the money. 




No. 128. 

Expressly adapted for professional use and orna- 
mental penmanship. 



All of Standard and Superior Quality. 






Paper Warehouse, 

Nos. 1 5 & 1 7 Beekman St., 



"Worth nil oihers toa^ihet."—RfV<eu). 


DNIVKRSITY BOOK-Kt;Ep'lAQ'.Tarife'8vo,.! -iAi 

I per dozen. Orders 

have stock dipli 

ildenigns promptly filled. We 

miscellaneous Institutions. 

For the preparation of all 

>ur facUltlos are unequalled 

t faciliiieafor making photo- 

lequalled. Send for 

Of most of the thousands of cuta tlint have ap- 

Seared In Tub Jouhnal and <mr publications, 
upUcates will be furnished for low prices. 
We will supply, atpublUhen' ratet, any standard 
work on penmanship In print ; also any bookkeep- 

ly with order. In all cases. Unless 
Is met no goods will be sent by 
nor by express, C. O, D., unless a 

:e Is mude to protect us against 

" send so-and-so (you have forgot 


Penman and Designer, 





Every Style of 
Pen work. 
Send stamp for 1 

Wo handle nothing 

goods, and all who favoi 




Adapted for use with or without Tcxt- 
and the only set recommended 


Counting-House Bookkeeping." 

Small Set. Lahob nooK. 

I Sin". UooK Full Genbkai. Usr. 


Second Bubin 

rable arrnuBements made 

1 Piihilp and Privut 


DttY Goods Set. PnAmrE Book 

Schools for 

and Public i 
ready- Correspondence li 
The best Pen in the U. S., and best psninan use them. 


This Pen, known by the above title Is manu- 
factured of the beat st«cl, and carefully selected. 
They arc particularly adapted for I^jbllc and 
Private Scnoois and Bookkeepei ' 
in Boxes, containing 38 Puns. 

Put ui. 


119 & 121 William Street, N. Y. | 



J but f 





Mailed pnsK to any part of the United St 
upon receipt of 

\taining Onc-fovrlh Or 

SOi^. for < 

uth Qroitm. 


■ FOH 

Special prices to the tmdo or agents. 

Stamps not rofiuied, 

t«~uot 23 or 24 

.ck. Kansas City. Mo. 


Any one wishing to pur«uo a course in Peo- 
manahip by mail maybenccomnoodntcdby A. J. 
SCARBOKOUOH, who bus been very aucceas- 
(ul in this particular line. $3.00 pays fovalx 
leseona, which will do a persovcrlog student 
about as much good as a six weeks' course 
under a teucher'a personal supervislou. Try 
six lessons and get a start In the right direction. 


Bicycle or Gun 

$2.00 for $1.00. 

The best steel pen of English manufacture Is 
worth Sl.OO per gross. 

The Peiroe Philosophical Treatise of Penman- 
ship, which contains 700 tiueations and 700 an- 
swers, besides other valuable mutter, rotaila fop 
$1.00, and thousands of volumcB have been sold. 

To give this book a wider circulation, the fol- 
lowing offer is extended to a generous public : 

ForSI.OO I will send a grogs of iVH Oillott's 
Pens and my Treatise to any address in Canada 


Keokuk, Iowa. 
Pres. I'ehcc Bus. Coll. lo-tf 


jy expii 


). ILL 12-6 CoNKe^TioNEi 




a day. No arithmetic 
teaches it. A short.simple, practical method by 
E. C. ATKINSON. I'rlacipal of Sacmmento Busi- 
ness College, Sacramento, Cul. By mall, 50 cents. 


The Standard Practical Penmanship, a portfollt 
embracing a complete library of praotlcaTwrltlng 
Including the new Mae^.^ Alphabet, capable ol 
being written bv any one Jeidbly five times as fast 
as ordinary wHtlng. Is mailed for »1. 00, from the 
New York office only. Address 

jCJie m-o.-^f /"-/.n/iif iiinl o/irr, ^ .fitl, tt/id the only complete series of Coimnercial Text Books published. These boohs a^e now used by tiea. 
ly all of the beat Bitaiuiiss Colleges and Commercial Sclwols in the United States and Canadian Provirices, and are everywhere accepted i 
the standard works for commercial study. 




M til* thoufniKlK, 

tn ofTO, and It m 
I ODDolaslvely b 

an Immediate 
ibusiiultc and loyal with 

" It Is eircclloiit In i>]ftn, and th« Btyli' of wrltlBg U the 

f child win have no trouble la i 

<i to give to 

your Bonkkeeplne 

uiUy ent}vuHa*Uc,toiih tench- 
n our Calaloffue. Sendjor H. 

This publication was Isaaod a few years alter the Bgok- 

its tiiooess hoa boen scarcely low pronounced. 

Commercial Law, onoe rcgurdcd by most students us 
dry and tedious. Is made by Its use one of the most In- 
teresting and pradtable studies in the ouniculum of the 

The following topics Bra •mbrocdd in tbo worki.Con- 
Iracts, Negotiable Popcr, Sales of Fenonal Property, 
Asency, Purtiiorahlp, Joint Stock Companies, Law. 
fropcrtv, CotporaUons, Bailments, Ouorunty and Sure 
t)-ahlp, lmunnce,C[fmmonCarricn,lnt«reat and Usury, 
Contrscts of Affrelebtment, Domestic Beladons, Land- 
lord and Tenant, liens, Kcnl Estate and Conveyancing. 

It also contains a complete Kiouaiy, an inde.v to topics 


dcatrod Information, th 
k of reference furbuslnes 

> arranged tli 
B rendering I 


Cordial Eiiilorsemeiit of 

Law by £uiinent and I> 


"Am more thon pleased with th 
ment oud range of subjects." 

I simple and plain /uty o 

s liiot of Its bite appeara 

pearcd, three largo cdl 

Teacherx Using It. 

"I pronounce It for superior to any work thot I have y 
lamincd. For a practical and teocboblo Arithmetic 

"It Is thorough, practical and complete." 

" For practical scliool-reom work we think It Is iinsii 

Sfifemy L6SW ii SbgIi. 

) all schools, public i 

Specimen Testimonials. 

"It is tbe best collection of words I ever saw." 
"Send me by express another SOO Seventy Lessons 
Spelling. It Is the__most praoUcal ipeller we have e 

'his wurk is designed to iiiii< < 

<t nnssible cjcpenditura of iir . 

letion of letlera as « 
ductcommorcinl corres|)ondt't 
It Is handsomely bound am 
of elegant script cuts. 

Satn])k" copies of any of the foregoing publications will be mailed postpaid to teachers or school officers at the special introduction price. Specimen pages of the books, together 
with our cwtuKiglie containing tostiuioniale and full pnrticulara regarding them and alfo rfgarding owr Th*re HycV BusinfM Practice. CmupUte .St-hool Regifler. College CSirrmni, 
( hmmrrcial SlinjenCK Pin, and other srhool supplies, will be mailed free to any teacher on application. Addreaa WILLIAMS & ROGER S. Rochester. N. V. 



1st.— The pupil does not hav( 


to write through from ten to twenty books 

in orcer [o learn the Sv^tem. Only six books. 

-The letters are entirely free from useless lines like double loops, ovals, iic. 

ihe first complete system to present abbreviated forms of capitals. 



^^72-y^ :^^S^^Z3 








till 1P|P^|[ 






3d.— The lateral spacing^ is uniform, each word filling a given space and no crowding c 

stretching tu secure such results. See above copies. 
4th.— Beautifully printed by Lithography ! No Cheap Relief Plate Printing t 

BarneB* Ink has just been .idopted for 
elusive use in the Public Schools 
of New York City. 


Absulutilv iinsurpas>od fiu Elasticity, 

SmtiolhiivsN and l>ui-abilit.y. 
Send 10 cent$ for unique card of different 


7^^:;;^^ '::^/^^^y/-7A:i 






,'■ Y 

/J ■ / 





// / 

'^ / 


" , 


-^ ' 









5th.— Words used are all familar to the pupil. 


t; above copies. Contrast them with such words a 
urijucsne. xvlus, tenatly, mimetic, and xuthus," 
6th.— Each book contains four pages of practice papei — one-sixth more paper than in the books of any other 
s— :ind the p.^pt^ is the best ever used for copy books. 

■ :ed paper, rendering them very 

7th.— Business forms are elaborately engraved on steel and primed c 

attractive to the pupil. 
-Very low rates for introduction. They an- the cheapest books in America, 



Scores of books are now being made tojmitate the Barnes'but they are merely "connecting links." 

An Elegant Specimen Book contai ning all the Copies of the Se ries sent GRATIS to any Teacher. 

"^=cVr""^ ! A. S. BARNES & CO., Publishers, V^::^^-' 

Published Monlhly 
at 202 Broadway. N. Y,, for $1 per Year. 


tered at the Post Office of New York 
N Y. as Second-Class Mail Matter, 
Copyright, 1889, by D T AMES, 

NEW YORK, MAY, 1889. 

v.. I.. XI1[— No. 5 

llbese fpssons were beffun m the April num- 
ber of The Journal. /Jack numbers 10 
cents each,} 

2<'orm Studlea, 
As a clear coQception of form is of fun- 
damental importance, wc have chosen this 
phase of the subject for treatment in the 
present article. 

We teach form by buUdimj, by associa- 
tion, and by couijttirisoti. 

Our building consists of writiug tirst 
the straight lines of an exercise upon the 
board, and adding the curves afterward — 
the former serving as construction Hnes 
upon which to build the exercise. Take, 
for example, the word "yielding." 

The dotted lines represent the curves 
necessary to complete development. 

This mode of treatment givea special 
emphasis to the fact that the down strokes 
thus represented are absolutely straight, 
and to matters of slant, height and spacing. 
In extreme cases pupils are rcqmred to 
build a few exercises, with pen or pencil, 
as a means of correction. Building is car- 
ried on more extensively iu the lower than 
in the upper grades, although it is a pow- 
erful corrective throughout. 

We compare letters as a means 
terniiniag their relation and sini 

We may accomplish this by arrnuj-in^ 

into family groups, but our favorite iihui 
to monogram those of similar formations. 

This shows the relations and dimei 
sions of letters, and dissipates the ide 
that 52 distinct characters must be mas- 
tered. Pupils soon discover that the en- 
tire ali)habet is embodied in a few found- 
ation principles. 

The accompanying charts will giv 
some idea as to this part of our ])lan, s„ 
far as facts are concerned, but space forbids 
the recital of the many little stories usef 
with such telling effect "with young pupils 


y /^/r7 


1 sli. 

tlu- la 

-mall ;. ,. r. l-, r. u iiml ,; lo lie alike; 
(lesignntes the poiut.«t of blending iu the / 
of the t, r, ./• 


Chart 2, Wh. n ». «iii, ..mall 
make the // imtl ,r. rlie lii-st part of zand /// 
the last part of ;, or * and Ih..- first half of 
r. The monograms in this ehart show the 
eomparatlve lengths and widths of the 
above-named letters. 

Chart 'i comparcti the pointed oval and 
the ellipse, showing the difference in their 
form and slant; introduces the inve;-tcd- 

loop and [luiuled-oMd letters; ln<;H(s 
lower turn in y, the resting jjoint of 
oval in g and the beginning point ii 
just one space to the left of loop cnissi 
and constructs the « /7, y, q and the tig 
9 upon the same oval. The i, j and t n 
also be seen in th!s monogram. 

}'. iu order that they may be written rap- 
idly without lifting the pen or " looping " 

Wu jiiid r, rmui i" , 

n Chart 7 with referenct- I 

val and height aftd width of second parts. 

standard A. jVa 
plain to be seen. 

In like manner wc monogram the twin 
letters T and F, H and K, and S and L, 
presenting each pair separately. Wc then 
throw the A, N, M, S, L, T, F, II, K, J 
and O into one monogram to show the re- 
lation of the stem to each and its modifi- 

The old style P, Ii and Ii may also be 
treated in the same manner, or the new 
standard B and U. 

The idea of double benefits and relation 
or similarity doe-s not stop with letter 
-studies. We extend the principle to 
Wor<t StutU'-g. 

We teach pupils to regard certain be- 
ginnings, endings and component parts of 
words as identical with parts of other 
words. We also treat them as smgle 
characters to be executed with a single ef- 
fort. These word studies are confined 
chiefly to intermediate and advanced 

" There are more than .'500 worJs in the 
English language beginning with (A, and 
the two letters arc thus combined in differ- 
entpartsof hundreds of other words. The 
endings 8, rs, em, ed tmAtuff arti common 
to a very large class of words. These be- 
ginnings and endings, and others of like 
mastered, place at the pupil's 
mmediirte command portions of hundreds 
)t words. 

To illustrate, we will present the follow- 
ing dij_ 

One or both of these diagrams are placed 
upon the board to Show how few letters 



and combinations nr 


jally necessary in 

order to write the on 



of words. 



IIL" ill 


By following II. i 

.1 .[ 1 

Ill dia- 

grams you will hi 


these twenty wonj- 

1 ' Nil 

1, Paint, 

Print, Point, I'aii 



Painter, Printer, Poi 



r», Print- 

ere. Pointers. Painlet 

. 1 



Painting, Prinling an 

<1 1 


latter half of ,\ .ml i 

also that the sctnm 

have the same width 

recommend, however, the 

oral for N and M as that used in V, P'and 

Chart y shows that lo i 
part of K is to make u mi 

e form is given to the hitler portic 
of 0:D and E; that the lower part of 'A' is 
the reduced one third ; that the ovals in 
O and D are identical; and that the A 
embodies similar movements. 

itandord writ- 
udmit of 

As this lesson is intended to be miscel- 
laneous rather tlmn elementary or serial, 1 
will give only a few introductory hints 
previous to a regular study of the designs 
before us. 

The positions usually taught for holding 
the pea are all good, but my favorite one 
is to throw all the fingers back of the 
holder and tn leave the third and fourth 
out free, instead of curling them under 
the palm; the side of the hand near the 
wrist or side of little finger Jieting as slid- 
ing-rest. In any instHnce, keep the wrist 
well bent back, as if trying to make back 
of hand, touch the culT or coat-sleeve. Ad- 
just paper with left hand to suit stroke, 
and as often as occasion requires change 
position of arm, but never of hand or pen, 
except occasionally when making delicate 
parts like an eye or putting in filigree 
work. Keep the arm us light and the 
elbow as limber as possible. With a firm 
hold upon the pen throw on each stroke 
with n decided, swift motion; and it is 
often well to make several imaginary 
strokes previous to the real pen-stroke. 

At first practice upon hau' - line and 
liffhtly-shndcd e.tercises, to acquire freedom 
and regularity of movement, as well as 
delicacy of tou -h and accuracy of form. 
Making too long, hard, or heavy shades 
is a common fault; it not only retards 
the motion, but like too much shading, 
spoils the i)leasing effect. Pupils, in their 
love to see andfeel, as it were, the ink 
flow from tin- \\rn.] in their admiration 
of scnir iiMiM hinl tlnuwiug off deep 
and 111 n \ -tinkr-,, Mill their desire to 
imitrtti' iiim, nii.ii iin^tiikL- the flow of ink 
for real skill, and urgket just the practice 
which would give what tlipy most covet. 
Persevere in the practice mentioned, culti- 
vate u light, elastic touch and movement. 
know just what you ate to do, then, con- 
fident ami fearless, strike out, and you 
will soou develop the hold, forcible stroke 
so fascinating. Again, students arc too 
apt to crave something new or pretty, 
rather than what is most helpful ; too eager 
to attempt a whole before they can make a 
part. It is a great mistake to leave the 
elements half mivitered for something 
more to the f-incy. Remember, a rover 
makes little headway, and that your suc- 
cess depends largely itpon how well you 
master the fundamental principles. To 
produce the difficult, you must first learn 
to handle the simple. Having done this 
to at least a fair degree, yon are ready to 
take a new step, the study of form, and to 
weave the elements into varied shapes. 
At first copy simple yet correct designs 
/rem acknowledged masters. Meantime 
practice sketching leaves, twigs, flowers, 
&c., which later you may combine to ad- 
vantage with your flourishing, and thus 
plant the seeds of originality and design- 
ing. This takes us to the 

The specimens herewith presented are 
original in design, executed for the first 
time, at a single attempt and very quickly. 
However much time and thought may be 
given to the designing of an ofi-haud 
piece, its execution requires comparatively 
little time. To do a thing off-hand 
means to do it quickly, and when there is 
a great expenditure of time, be assured 
that much of the work is not off-hand 
but slowly and laboriously drawn. 

The upper design containing the pheas- 
ant-like bird and lettered band furnishes 
an illustration of what is usually termed 
-"pure flourishing." Aside from the let- 
tering it requires no sketching or pencil- 
ing, and is designed to serve as a copy 
for practice in reproduction without direc- 

The piece on next page, our main study, 
also represents a pure off-hand design, 
though it consists not merely in a labyrinth 
of lines, but employs in combination a suf- 
ficient amount of oflf-hand sketching to 
give beauty and variety of design. Such 
scope and freedom should be encouraged 
and given all pupils of an advanced grade 
or to those cai)able of utilizing it, and for 
such is this lesson intended. 

The first step toward reproducing any 
given piece that isatall intricate, consisting 
of more than one thought or subject, is to 
take it apart, or in other words to analyze 
it. Examining the design before us, we 
find it contains a bird, twigs, buds, blos- 
soms, leaves, grasses, streamer and filling 
lines, and that its whole is in a diamond- 
likt outline. We next notice that the 
bird's foot murks about the center of the 
piece, so that the whole bird should be 
thrown off-hand and at once completed 
just above the center point of your board 
or paper. You will find no marked dif- 
ference between this bird and any you 
may have made, aside from the short tail 
and long bill, which liken it to the wood- 
cock or snipe family. As our subject does 
not admit of entrance into special details 
upon bird-making, I would suggest a 
carefid observance of proportion, natural- 
ness and beauty of form. See that all 
parts correspond so as to present at least 
no marked deformity. Adhere to natvire 
in all possible particulars. Many errors 
are made in this respect because of failure 
to conceive correct idea of each stroke or 
to know what kind of a stroke is required 
to represent nature most clearly; also, in 
failure to master the stroke so as to give 
c^r^ect expression to it. For instance, as 
the main strength of a wing lies in its for- 
ward part, the wing strokes can be made 
more natural as well as effective by means 
of .short shales brought forward ils much 
as possible. Attend well to hcjiuty of 
form, remembering the most beautiful is 
the most natural. Exercise care in making 
a shapely, well-rounded head, placing it 

as robs the whole of a iiiitural poise and 
grace. Bear in mind that no amount of 
shading, no collection of smooth lines, can 
make a beautiful picture, bir^ or other- 
wise, when the outline is defective. Beauty 
of form or beauty of Hue with reference to 
form is first in importance. 

The bird completed, the next step is to 
locate the buds and blossoms, the twigs, 
leaves and a few of the main grasses, 
noting their direction and distance from 
the bird, and to indicate them by sketch- 
ing their outlines in part and faintly with 
pencil. Then sketch them in full with 
ink and finish with open and scant shad- 
ing. The more off-hand you can make 
them the better will be the effect. The 
shaded or outer strobes of the {trasses 
should be thrown on off-hand and the 
lighter or inner ones penaed more care- 
fully to mal.-h vvitlmut rllilliniim liosition 
of pen. The-lnniiM'i u;i- .m iirtii-tiiouirht. 
Itmay tii-st li- li-liilx inJii-it,,| nimI tben 
inked or tliniwn m juri.icni.'illv hkr the 
one you see. Now, the uiitm lejituies of 
the sign are all represented and only the 
filling lines left to be thrown in to taste 
and with respect to the contour of the en- 
tire picture. First sketch the diamond 
outline, then flourish within its border to 
your best knowledge, adding any finishing 
touches or strokes that may have been 
omitted. Never mistake confusion for 
beauty; let there be some orderly ar- 
rangement of each line. Skill consists 
not necessarily in the number of strokes 
put lit -1 •"Mliifff. but rather in what is 
rip" ■ 'i[. .1 I.' t'">-^c strokes or how much 
(■;iii I" ■■<]■■< ■ nhil with a few strokes. 
\iii 111 , I I ,. ml- npnn the design and 

(llr |....i.- . ; : !.' -TV- ]f Hi.- tilOllght 

filigree may j^e pardonable. As a rule, 
however, it is better to err in the way of 
sini]»licity than by an over-abundance of 

^ tos 


I mil ,.| ^^ li-il I- ihr i<l\ ljimti ur 8 TCmOVal 
or iidililiou nl ]nii-ls, ;urording to some 
seusihle plan and not us your thoughtless 
fancy may dictate. For instance, the out- 
line might be chniiged tn thtform of a 
rivflc, ;m r!li|T^r or :i"v,,n:irc by Supplying 
:q-,p,-pii It,- iHi-,i. I |M. ■.■,-, nr oven be left 
irH-ni.ii \(imi|im -liir ni Ijird maybc 
>-iilisiii uinl Ml ihr s.uii.' iii.iile uiorc elabor- 
ate, It viisLil in iilUeiuise ihimged in pu- 
(sitiou ; the graj^iteji and streamer omitted 
and flourishes supplied ; a scroll and quill 
take the place of twigs and leaves of the 
flowers. &c. 

The step which takes us to designing is 
a creditable and important one, since 
creation is fur ahead of imitation. One of 
the best helps I know of in this dircption 
is to make good use i-\ \miii . \. - Li-jirn 

eyes looking who THM 1 .. IjiII'* ^^iiL,';fcs- 
tions ahmind on evr r\ h util \\liiTli, with 
thought and care, nuiy lie wrought into 
many a novel and beautiful design. 


Business College. 
Institute of Short- 
hand. Type-writ- 
ing, Correspond- 
and School of 
Languages and 
Literature has 
1 )n 1 n know n for its business cnterpnse 
and tnthuMasm manifested in gathering 
in from the highways hedges and cran- 
berry -iwamps of Buck County and Pungo 
Crossroads the uu'iophisticated hoys and 

\. Journal reoortcr who recently visited 
Bogtown to examme the methods of ad- 
vertising was greeted by a very young 
wearing a Robert Elsmere collar and 
a bland smile but withal pleasing in the 
extreme (distance) It was Prof. Nibs 
Inkwell, principal, proprietor, president, 
secretary, treasurer and founder of the 
Bogtown Business College, Institute of 
Shorthand, Type-writing, Correspondence, 
Seliool of Transcontinental Languages and 
Literature and International Pen Art Hall, 
Welhiware, Ohio. Selah !' 

"I called." said the reporter, "to get 
an insight into the methods of adver- 
tising em])loyed by this college, for the 
readers of The Journal." 

'* It h contrary to the cast-iron rules of 
the institution to give any pointers to any 
one, JouHNAL reporters not excepted. I 
have Iain awake nights for ten years try- 
ing to devise a scheme that would bear me 
on its broad shoulders to an achievement 
that would make the world marvel and 
stand aghast, and now that I have accom- 
plished my object I am the last one to 
give it away. It is a secret shall be 
an heirloom, and when I die iny little son, 
Prince Inkwell, will inherit it along with 
my vast wealth." 

At this juncture a man with one suspen- 
der slung over his shoulder, a quantity of 
dried clover blossoms in his hair and a pur- 
pose in view, tripped heavily into the 
office in a pair of cowhide boots and blue 

"Be you the principal of this 'ere col- 
lege? " 

''I enjoy that distinction," replied the 
affable Piofessor. 

" I got a boy," continued the farmer, 
" that wants to go to business col ." 

Tun/-<i-fiiiff, titi{/-a-lhi!/, linff, liny! 

"Hello! Yes, this is tlie Bogtown 
Business College. What do you want 1 
A book-keeper? Sori'j, but we just 
sent out the last young man we had who 
was qualified. The demand goes way 
ahead of the supply. Call next week and 
we may help you then. Good-bye." 

"You want to send your sou to college, 
do yon? Well the sooner " 

Tit/'j-i'-iiiif/, tliiff-tfUny, ling, liny! 

•■ Hello! hello! ! Yes, this is the Bog- 
town Business College; who are you? 
Oh! Mr. Brown, cashier of the Bogtown 
Seventeenth National Bank. Type-writer? 
No. I am afiaid we have no one in school 
at present who could — well, let me see — 
why, yes, we can send you a young man 
to-morrow. Will that do? Good-hye, 
Mr. Brown." 

"As I was saying," continued Profes- 
sor Inkwell, "the sooner you send your 
son here the sooner he will be ready for a 

Timj-a-Ung, ting-a-Ung, ling, Hi"/ 
"Hello! hello! ! Bogtown Bucket 
Shop? No, we can't send you a book- 
keeper like the two we sent you yesterday. 
Glad you like them and are going to raise 
their salaries to $150 per month. Come 
in on Saturday and see what we <-an do. 

" We have a great many calls from Bog- 
town business men, for book-keepers, sten- 
ographers, type-writers, clerks, coshiTS, 

ic. and althoiigh we have nver 1000 
shuieuts in daily nt tendance, wv cJin't 
graduate them fast euougU to keep up 
with the de " 

Ting-a-linff, ting-a-ling , ling:, lirg! 

" Hello ! hello ! ! The Bogtown Wagon 
Factory? Yes, we can send yon a bright 
young man in two or three months. His 
father is here now making arrangements 

Balked by a Perpendicular 

It is not often that Henry N Willey, 
the polite clerk at the Grand Pacific, is 
nonplussed by any gag or trick perpe- 
trated by the would-be funny guests that 
quarter themselves at this popular hotel, 
btu one evening last week he was com- 
pelled to own up beaten, A serious-look- 

He always watches a man registerina,, and 
has accustomed himself to reading letters 
upside down, so that when he catches the 
first few letters of a man's name, he guesses 
at the rest, and when the guest has fin- 
ished writing and looks up, Mr. Willey at 
once calls him by his name, though he ap- 
pears to be looking at anything else but 
the book. In this way it mn*kcs no diffcr- 

for him to go to school. I will place your 
application for a book-keeper on tile. 

At this point of the interview the 
farmer pulls out his well-worn wallet and 
pays |50 for a scholarship, promising to 
send his boy in on the morrow. While 
Professor Inkwell is showing him to the 
doorTriE Jourxai, reporter peeps behind 
the office desk— and there beheld the 
nrrrrf. An electric battery connected with 
the telephone and operated by a "button" 
under the Professor's foot. 

ing individual, one who, it would seem, 
did cot even know the nature of a joke, 
came in with satchel and umbrella, and 
taking the pen the ever-ready Willey al- 
ways hands with a bow and a smile that 
twists his blonde mustache into acrobatic 
contortion.^, he made nine perpendicular 
dashes on the register. It may be said 
right here that Mr. Willey has the repu- 
tation of knowing everybody, but it is only 
his cunning that has earned it for him. 

ence if a man comes there for the first time 
in his life, Mr. Willey will surprise him 
by putting out his hand and calling the 
proper name. On the occasion in (pies- 
tion Mr. Willey was done up; he had 
never seen the man before and lie could 
not make anything out of the .straight 
lines. With his pet fiourish heswung the 
register around and said: "What price 

room do you want, Mr. , Mr. ? 

By the way, what do those lines mean — 

and say. might I ask your name T' •' Oh, 
excuse me," said the stranger, "I neg- 
lected to finish my signature," and, tak- 
ing up a pen. made a horizontal dash at 
about the middle and in between the first 
three pairs of uprights, when the signa- 
ture read, " H. H. Hill." Mr, Willey 
owned that for once he was beaten.— CAi- 
cagu Tnhum. 

Uncle Sam's Strong-Box. 

The $100,000,000 vault in Washington 
is the largest construction of its kind in 
the world. As it now appears it looks 
like a modern improvement on the old 
inquisition in Spain, Italy and Austria. 

Descending into deptlis of the massive 
foundations of the Treasury, about 30 feet 
below the surface of the public thorough- 
fares outside, and crossing a dingy, dimly- 
lighted, bare apartment, a great square of 
steel, standing partly open in a steel 
casement, suggests the entrance to the 
new vault. 

The door, about 8 feet high and feet 
wide, is 6 inches thick, and weighs 5000 
pounds, or 2^ net tons. 

.To move it on its tracks into its steel 
casing requires the desperate exertion of 
five men. A mechanical device is now be- 
ing constructed to lessen the demand for 
this amount of muscle in handling the 
pondirous portal. A lock, I foot in di- 
aiiirt.r, resembling the highly-polished 
bottom of a dlshpan, and operated through 
a combination of the most delicate me- 
chanical appliances by means of a key 
throws the powerful bolts into the slots in 
the frame, and a time-lock holds them there 
against anything short of blowing up the 
building by the roots, until the hour fixed 
for the morning rounds of the official 
custodian of the vaults. 

Passing through the jaws of this mon- 
ster of human contrivance against bur- 
glarious attempts, the chill, damp air and 
inky darkness suggest the strength and 
isolation of this vast treasure- box. It is 
85 feet long, 50 feet wide and 12 feet 
high, surrounded by massive walls of 
masonry and brick 5 feet thick. In the 
dim light of a candle the weird lattice- 
work of interlacing steel which forms the 
16 cells, each 10 x 30 feet, may be vaguely 
seen. Around the inner cage leads a nar- 
row corridor, \vliere the custodian of the 
vault may make his rounds of inspection. 
Upon a transverse central corridor the cells 
open. Each door is fitted with an in- 
genious device for fastening, which will 
not catch until the door is entirely shut 
and the key removed. 

Each of these cells will hold $6,500,000, 
or 300 tons of silver dollars, or a giand 
total of 3500 net tons, equal to 100.000,000 
silver dollars. If the conidors were used 
for storage this aggregate could be in- 
creased to $138,000,000. Some practical 
idea of the extent of this treasure may be 
formed when it is realized that to trans- 
port it would require at least 1800 wagons 

The paper on which bank noles are 
printed is called " distinctive paper." 
being used exclusively by the Government 
for the i)rinting of bonds and current, 
notes. The mills where it is manufaet- 
iiic.l arc af (Hiti FalU. Chester County, 
I'ii. All HL'rrit of rln'TivJisiirv Depailment 
rcicl\i - tlir j.iijirT (liin I I'roai the hands 
n!' the nianiifiicMircr. ami eveiy precaution 
is okserved in order to prevent any loss. 
Short scraps of red silk are mixed with 
the liquid pulp in an engine. The fin- 
ished niat.Tial is (oniltieted to a wire cloth 

w li- !■ I I I " I ,/i III, -.ilkcn threads. 

- lithnhonCn Suinhii Ihvuhh 

^fiottfianb ^cpcithuctil". 

AU miift^r inlrmhd for thU department 
{inrluiiinfj shorthand erehange*) gkould he 
$ent to Mra. L. H. Packard, 101 East ZU 
ntrret. New York 

The Morality cf It. 

TliL- " luw of »upi)l_Y and dfrnniul " is a 
beautiful law in thfory mid u pretty ef- 
fective one in practice. It is, neverthe- 
less, an unjust law in some of its aspects, 
and often makes its injustice felt to the 
ediBcation if not to the moral regeneration 
of tliose who enforce it iinwistly. As a 
general proposition we will say that to em- 
ploy a mature person at a rate of wages 
known to be below the cost of plain living 
is a moral wrong that must react upon the 
one who perpetrates it. Upon the princi- 
ple that "something is better than noth- 
ing," and with the prospect of future 
advancement, it may be well sometimes to 
accopt a mere jnttance, and the employer 
in such case may be acting quite within 
the bounds of good business policy and 
fairness; but to reduce the employment 
market to the plane of tiaffic in commodi- 
ties without taking the higher considera- 


which it becomes not only teachers and 
philosophers, but those who purchase and 
those who sell service, to contend against 
and repudiate. 

At the present rate of "turning out "' 
stenographers from the shorthand schools 
it may be inferred that the market will 
soon be supplied, and when there is an 
ovcrsupply the natural result mast be 
looked for — either a reduction in wages or 
the highest degree of excellence in those 
employed, to the exclusion of the incom- 
petent. The latter alternative seems the 
most reasonable as well as the most desir- 

And, after all, there will remain a fair 
share of shoddy employers — those who look 
to i^uantity rather than quality, and to 
whom a dollar a week saved in wages will 
more than offset double the value in real 
service. The world will never be without 
dealers in chromosaud pinchbeck jewelry, 
and we may just as well settle our minds 
to the fact that a fair proportion of those 
who employ jieople to work will get them 
at the "bottom price," and run the risk 
of moral consequences. 

It beho. 

> tho! 

ivho }l 

iingto sup- 

ply the public with good stenographers 
not to play into the hands of a set of sharp 
ani unprincipled employere who rejoice in 
a po.^ible glut in the clerk market, on the 
ground that it will enable them to keep 
down prices. There is nothing more com- 
mon in the daily experience of shorthand 
schools than to receive requests from so- 
called business houses to have one or two 
stenographers apply for position. Usually 
such requests mean merely that the puta- 
tive employer has a stenographer who de- 
sires and deserves an advance in salary, 
and he wishes to be able to say to him {or 
her) that he can get the work done at less 
wages. This is the ftrf/iimaitum ad homi- 
Item that settles the business. The old 
stenographer is kept at present salary, and 
the innocent applicants have unconsciously 
hel|ied to promote a scurvy trick. 

It is not always easy to guard against 
this class of disreputables, but there is no 
necessity of being duped twice by the same 
individual. In the absence of a rogue's 
gallery to pillory these offenders, a little 
shrewd vigilance on the part of those who 
have services to offer seems to be called 

Mr. Grove A. GriimHU. of Minneapolis, 
furnishes for this number some pho- 
nographic script which does him credit, 
both in selection of matter and in mechan- 
ical execution. A key is given herewith. 

The Type-writer. 

Among all the mechanical inventions 
for which the age is noted — and in the 
]>roduction of which we Americans lead 
the world, as admitted by everybody ex- 
a few stubborn foreigner? — none, perhaps, 
has more rapidly come into general use and 
popularity than the type-wrfter. The 
pen-written business letter has become the 
exception. The wise author has his mat- 
ter carefully copied on a machine before he 
sends it to the publisher. The foolish 
author still clings to that scraggy style of 
penmanship closely resembling the tracks 
of a perambulatory hen which is supposed 
to go hand in hand with genius; but he 
chiefly roaps rejections and bitterness. A 
young and unknown author who writes 
any but the best of hands improves bis 
chances of acceptance 50 per cent, by 
submitting his burning words neatly 
written on a type-writer. 

Used in correspondence the type-writer 
has its slight drawbacks. Sometimes it is 
almost too plain. Those of us — and we 
are of the name Legion — who have never 
mastered all of the orthographic eccentrici- 
ties of the English language had a trick 
when we wrote a doubtful word of writing 
it poorly— of making the "a" which we 
had a lurking suspicion ought, perhaps, to 
be an "e"so that it would pass muster 
very well as either; and sometimes we 
slipped a quiet, unobtrusive dot over it, so 
that if need be — worse coming to worst — 
it might slip in as an "i." This eased our 

pondent called it wrong it was his own 
fault — honi Hoit qui, &c. With the type- 
writer nothing of this kind is possible, 
but — God tempers the wind to the shorn 
lamb — we can, and usually do, ungallantly 
lay all such errors at the door of the young 
lady who, unfortunately, so far is obliged 
to bear the same name as the machine sbe 

But the type-writer has its limitations. 
It was only a few months ago that ii Button 
young man was proi ptiy rejected when 
he proposed to a yd lady witli a type- 
written letter. It ^, him right. The 


e is the vei. 

New York 
up the object of hi 
telephone while a 
from Philadelphia^- 

I lit in these things, 
■mg man who rang 
affections with the 
-Ced rival— a youth 
^^ trying to enter- 
tain her in th- proposed, was ac- 
cepted and ten um V later sent a dis- 
trict messenger boy a md with the ring. 
This was enterprise, i. the lady recog- 
nized it. The Bosti man's effort was 
simply rashness; he might as well have 
given his lawyer powr of attorney and 
sent him to ask the "Ibw, sweet question." 
The type-writer will, perhaps, do in every- 
thing save in the office and affaira of love. 
To become expert with the type-writer 
in original composition retjuiring much 
thought is, we are given to understand, 
somewhat difficult. After all, we doubt 
if good poetry can be written on (he ma- 
chine. But this does not hinder the poet 
from copying his poem on the type-writer, 
and the Trihuut: takes it upon itself to 
speak for the (jreat army of editors and 
ask him to do so. Shakespeare could 
not have written "A Midsummer's Night's 
Dream" on a modern type-writer; the 
jingling of the bell at the end of each line 
would have disturbed him ; he would 
have cast it away before the second scene 
and returned tu the goose quill, though it 
must be admitted that he needed a ty[)e- 
writer about a-s badly as any one. Judg- 
ing from his autograph, it would seem 
that he must have lingered pretty 
well toward the foot of the writ- 
ing class at the Stratford-upon- 
Avon school. We suspect that it was a 
good thing for Shakespeare that he never 
tried to get his living by running a col- 
lege of penmanship. Talcnts^liffer widely; 
Shakespeare wrote " Hamlet." yet his 
signature might frighten a timid person 
coming upon it suddenly. There are pro- 

f.-sNors of writing here in New York who 
can make beautiful penmanship birds and 
scrolls and capita! *'W's" and "H's" 
with feathers on their legs, still they can- 
not rhyme a couplet. 

TIh> type-writer is constantly growing in 
favor, as it deserve-. The time is coming 
when it will almost or quite as much super- 
sede the steel pen as that has the good 
gray goose quill. — The Tribune. 

This association was organized April 5, 
with Francis B. Hemperly for president 
and Henry C. T. Wise for secretary. It 
is composed of practical stenographers. 
Any stenographer who has used short- 
hand for practical purposes for six con- 
secutive months or is able to write 75 
words a minute and read it correctly is 
eligible to membership. 

The association intends to have club- 
rooms located in the central part of the 
city, open every evening in the week_, 
wliere members of the association can 
meet for social purposes or for study, 

Hooras are to be provided for dictation, 
where the reading will be graduated to 
suit the needs of members. 

An employment bureau is to be estab- 
lished, through which positions will be 
obtained for members, the system being to 
tender eligible ])ositions to the unem- 
ployed, and in case there are none, to the 
ones receiving the lowest salary. The 
rooms will be supplied with all the stand- 
ard type-writing machines. From time to 
time debates, mock trials and addresses 
by eminent members of the profession will 
take place at the rooms. These not only 
afford op portuni for verhatim report- 
ing, but are also interesting and instruc- 

The business affairs of the association 
are conducted by an executive committee, 
whose ofKcial acts are subject to the ap- 

Eroval of the association. Elections are 
eld annually, and ail members, male or 
f(Aiale, are eligible to office. No officer 
or member receives any salary, nor is there 
any charge for obtaining positions. 

The initiation fee is two dollars and 
monthly dues fifty cents. 

We have it now in tlie form of a duplex 
writing-machine, that rolls off 193 words a 
minute, just like falling off a log, with a 
possible 350 in the near distance. It is 
called "The Dennis," and is manipulated 
by Miss Clarke, of Des Moines, Iowa. The 
operator is very modest, and claims all the 
honor for the machine. Until the returns 
come in we shall persist in thinking it is 
the girl. There are lots of smart girls in 
"the boundless West." 

The Cilrl Who will Gel Lon. 

If business men who need stenographers 
are to have their pick — and they most 
surely are— then of two applicants, one of 
whom can spell correctly and be ab'e to 
correct ungrammatica! English, and the 
other cannot, the one will be taken and 
the other left. If oue can write a <food 
business hand, construct a letter both in 
form and matter, whether from dictation 
or from a brief intimation, and the other 
(jannot, theone will be taken and the other 
left, if one is neat and ladylike, prompt 
and courteous, efficient and uncomplain- 
ing, self-respecting without arrogance, and 
the other is not, the one will be taken and 
the other left. 

Mr. J. II. Williams succeeds Forest and 
Cook as proprietor of the University School 
of Shorthand, and publisher of thp Stand- 
ard Stenographic Mtgmine at Des Moines, 

We have reprinted the shorthand portion 
of The Journal for June-July, 1887, 
which was missing from a number of sets 
sold, containing Mrs. Packard's lessons. 
Purchasers of these sets who did not re- 
ceive their full complement of papers may 
have the missing numbers supplied by 
dropping us ^ postal. For special short- 
hand premium announcements see page 72. 

In the established order of things work 
and progress go together. Advancement 
is often of slow growth by reason of sur- 
rounding circumstances, yet under the 
most unfavorable conditions systematic 
energy will force its way. 

The stream near the fountain is easily 
obstructed. By its unceasing flow, how^ 

ever, it gathers momentum sufficient \u 
sweep away barriers and in a large \ ol 
ume flow onward to the sea. 

In like manner work, whether of brain 
or muscle, continuous and well-direttr«i, 
will triumph over obstacles and march fnr- 

Toilers are permanent builders; tluy 
lay a good foundation. The trained .yV 
discovers beauty in rude marbles whiih 
•he trained hand molds and chisels into 
statues of surpassing loveliness. vVrl is 
something more than genivis or inspim- 
tion; its" created forms in their highest 
type are the result of long years of pre- 
liminary study and toil. The' old masters, 
whose paintings are the wonder and study 
of modern artists, won their fame and 
g'ory not so much by their creative 
genius as through the patient labor and 
devotion bestowed upon their art. They 
not only studied well the anatomy of the 
human form, but nature also in all lur 
moods, and as a result they threw upon 
the canvas faces and forms of alinnsl 
divine beauty, clothed in colorings its 
natural as glowed in earth or sky. Genius 
is a gift to be appreciated and prized ; but 
if, like an untamed colt, it is left witln'ut 
discipline or training, it becomes wild 
and erratic. Genius uncultured is liki h 
meteor flaming for a moment in the sky 
and then suddenly disappearing in the 
gloom. Work, unceasing and patient, is 
like the sun traveling in the greatness of 
its strength, shining more and more untn 
the perfect day. Work is the geniiiN nl 
civilization. It is the great elcnuntal 
force in nature and in trade. It is Ihe 
philosophy of progress. They who 

gather fame, riches and honor 
and wait, for work will always 


[The follo%ving open letter is being sent 
out by the secretary of the Metropolitan 
Stenographers' Association, for the pur- 
pose of acquainting the profession with its 
objects, purposes, and methods. -Editor. ) 
Mr. Henry Brown, New York City. 

Dear Sir: I am in receipt of your 
favor of this date, in which you ask for 
information in regard to the Metropolitan 
Stenographers' Association. In reply I 
beg to say that this society is a body of 
l,ractical stenographers duly incorporated 
under the laws of this State, and was or- 
ganized about three years ago. Its chief 
object IS to protect and advance the in- 
terests of its members. Of the many 
societies of this kind started in New York, 
this is the only one that lives and prospere. 
From a modest start, it has now become 
a potent factor in shorthand affairs in this 
city, while abroad it has the reputation of 
being the largest as well as the most active 
body of its kind in this country. Anv 
stenographer of good moral character of 
either sex may become a member, A 
suit of rooms well located and nicely 
fitted has been leased, which are open to 
members at all hours of the day and evi'n- 
ing. Separate rooms are set apart for the 
use of slow and rapid writers, and readeis 
are selected each evening, so thai 
all who wish can meet for thi. |iiir- 
pose of taking dictation to increase their 
speed. Perhaps the best work dope is 
that effected by the employmebt bure.ui, 
through which places arc found for nuin- 
bers without charge of any kind. All the 
leading styles of writing machines have 
been placed in the rooms and are free to 
any member. There is also a well-ailed 
library, which contains all the text-books 
on shorthand and a good selection of 
standard library works. From time to 
time debates, mock trials and lectures by 
well-known members of the craft take 
place. The good which has been attain, d 
by the united efforts of this body with its 
present membership shows what can Im' 
done when a majority of thestenogra)ilnrs 
in this city act in concert. No one i:oi\- 
nected with the association receive-i ;i 
ary, and its affairs are conducted by a 
board of trustees composed of the mini- 
bers. The fee for joining is $1 and the 
dues are but $1 per month, while for Ijt- 
dies they are only 50 cents per month. 
The rooms are open every evening at -im 
West Twenty-first street, where I will In- 
glad to have you call at any time. If vr.ii 
wish to bring your note-book along and 
spend an evening in the practice-room, 
you are invited to do so. During the 
season a series of speed contests will take 
place in the rooms, and prizes will be 
given to the most rapid writers. This 
contest i.s to be confined solely to niem 
bers. I suggest that you call at the rooms, 
where you can secure in a few minutts a 
better idea of the work which is beiny 
done than it is possible for me to give von 
in this way. Very truly yours, 

P. M. Appleoatb, Secretary. 


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ki{ 1 

Teaching Writing in the Public 

Aimrtted SeromI Prize hi The JonnNAL's 
Priu Competition, JVo. 2. 

Haw to teach writing, especially in pub- 
lic schools, is a prflblem of more tbnn or- 
ilinary interest. Copybooks, " keys," 
rhiirts, comj)en(liiims and meelmnical aids 
have been thoroughly tested, and the best 
result thus far obtained hits been a slow, 
mechanical imitation of the copy, devoid 
of character, unfit for business purposes 
and degenerating into an illegible scrawl 
whenever pupils are forced beyond tho 
snail's pace at which it was acquired. 
And this will continue to be the uuiversal 
and inevitable result until tinger move- 
ment, tracing, drawing and minute aad 
senseless analysis iire abolished from our 
public schools. 

"Writing for business should be con- 
structed in the plainest manner possible; 
it should lio written with n free, rapid 
movement, be of medium size, with but 
little shade and no flourishes." This de- 
McriptioD of practical writing is accepted 
as correct by all experienced teachers of 
writing, but before writing possessing 
tlusc essentials can be secured intelligeut 
j-fii/xir,!/ tniiuitnj must supersede the la- 
limiuus and futile methods now employed. 
The majority of poor writers are not so 
because they are ignorant of form, but lie- 
ca me of their iiinhilitij to ran (ral the m usrh's 
lined in writiwf. This being the case, the 
teacher who advocates or permits move- 
ment to be sacrificed for form, or who 
fails to make control of the muscles used 
in writing the prime object of the writing 
lesson, is negligent of his duty and guilty 
of gross and inexcusable injustice to his 
pupils. To tell teachers wh<it they should 
do is of but little value unless accompanied 
liy instruction adapted to their require- 
ments, and of such character that they 
ii„<ler»tand and can *tp}t!y it. I will there- 
fore endeavor to give such instruction as 
will enable them to avoid or correct the 
common errors in writing, and try to so 
simplify the work that they can teach 
writing successfully and with ease to 
themselves and pupils. An investigation 
of this subject will convince any one that 
the failure to teach writing in the public 
achools is not because of the teachers' 
ignorance, of form, position, movement or 
peuholding, but because nf their inability 
to discover the caune of errors, or having 
discovered the cause, furnish a practical 
method of correction. I will therefore 
depart from the time-honored custom of 
minutely describing penholdiug and posi- 
tion and advancing learned and scientific 
arguments in favor of a certain movement, 
and endeavor to aid the teacher by explain- 
mg the milae of the most common mistakes 
made by pupils, and giving methods by 
whieh they can be avoided or corrected 


When the desk is too high pupils will, 
iu trying to assume a correct position, 
elevate their right and droop the left 
shoulder. The hand will rest upon its 
side instead of the third and fourth 
lingers, head will be turned sidewise and 
brought too close to paper; pupil will sit 
upon edge of seat, and grasp desk or seat 
with left hand. Result, finger movement, 
inability to slide hand to the right, ciowd- 
iug letters together, failure to write words 
of medium length without frequently lift- 
iug pen. or running letters " down hilt," 
cramping and pain in back of hand and 
wrist, a& shown by pupil patising and rub- 
bing hand and wrist. Correct by giving 
pupil suitable scat, or by raising seat with 

Where desk is too low pupils will bend 
legs so as to bring them under the seat 
and rest upon toes. By doing this the 
body is thrown forward against the desk, 
arm spread out and supporting the body. 
Hesult, pupil easily fatigued, slow, heavy 

writing, arm lifted aud position changed 
almost every time a word is written. 
Correct by changing seat, or raise desk 
with iKioks, as it is tx phyaical imponaibility 
for pupils to assume and maintain correct 
position where desk is not proper height. 

seturiiig the sliding strokes. Pupils should 
be instructed to notice the position of the 
hand closely while using the stick, then 
remove the stick and try and retain po- 
sition, A few trials will give the desired 
position, and an occasional word of warn- 
ing will be sufficient to confirm even the 
most careless. Should the puju'l experi- 


regular and allowiible positions. Rolling 
the hand too far to the right is the most 
common fault. Where this is not caused 
by the desk being too high, or ignorance 
of correct manner Of holding the pen, it 
is simply a matter of habit or carelessness. 
Correct by drilling upcn oval exercises, 
slanting hack or to left of vertical, without 


fingers, squeezing or pinching 
is caused by using short pieces of chalk at 
the blackboard and slate and lead pencils 
iu other written work while the muscles 
are weak and undeveloped ; or by using 
tin or nickel-plated holdei-s, which are too 
smooth to hold in position without an 

changing position of body or paper. This 
will cause the pupi! to place the elbow 
further to the right, and by so doing turn 
the hand to correct position. Should this 
fail, have pupils procure a round stick 
about the size of their index finger, and 
suffic^iently long lo project about 1^ inches 
to the right and left of the hand, to he 
held as in the aeeompanyiug illustration. 

This will prevent the hand frorn rolling, 
keep the wrist free from desk and assist in 

effort. This can be corrected by hollow- 
ing out small places on the holder where 
the thumb aud fingers should be placed. 

With young pupils, keep thumb and 
fingers in their proper place by passing a 
light rubber band over the weak joints, 
and, whore possible, abolish pencils dur- 
ing writing hour, and use elastic pens. 
Slate pencils should be wood or cloth- 

A rubber "sleeve" on penholders and 
pencils, or, where thatcanriot be obtained, 
giving the holder a light coat of glue and 
then wrapping with yarn, or covering with 
a woolen or velvet cloth, will prove of 
great assistance in enabling the pupil to 
hold the pen in correct position. There 
are many other minor faults in penholding, 
but the methodu herein given will correct 
them, as the Muses are the same in nearly 
every instance. 

There are but few, if any, mistakes iu 
learning movement that cannot be cor- 
rected by rapid practice upon suitable I 

exercises. Elevating the elbow will .mi 
the pen to eateh, aud the arm tires iiin< 
sooner. Where the elbow, shoulder • 
wrist is stiff or not working freelv. il 
pupil can work neither rapidly nor gnu 
fully, and the work hasa stiff, constrain, 

Pupils should understand that imiv 
ment must be rapid from the start, ai 
that motion must follow as well !ls pr 
rede execution. Starting or fini-hii 
without a preceding or following ninii. 
gives the writing a rough, irregular and m 
tinished appearance. 

With pupils under 13 years of agi' In 
little should be said about movement. ; 
they are very apt to misunderstand ll 
instruction, and by devoting too \\\w 
time to large exercises, neglect the sin;i 

They should, however, be- drilled diii 
ujion the slide drills until they cau wri 
icross the paee without extending or ...i 
tracting the hngers. Then, in conned i. 
with regular work, drill upon small l.i. 
letters, making them proper size. tli. 
double the size, and finally increase 
three times the proper size. By foil..\ 
ing this method it will be but a short tin 
before pupils having sufficient| 
ment of muscles of the arm will be usii 
the correct movement in all simple Ictlir 

In oval exercises pupils will frequenrly 
make oval narrow at base and bitmd ;it 
top; this is caused by making down St r.)k.-s 
with finger movement; making ovals wirk- 
at base and narrow at top is caused by 
using fingers in up strokes. Correct by 
drilling with arm free from desk, 

Irregularspacing and height are caused liv 
bunching the fingers underneath the hunU, 
using fioger movement or allowing the 
third and fourth fingers to remain station- 
ary instead of moving in unison witli the 
pen. Correct by drilling upon small '/ and 
n connected until pupil can slide hand 
across the page without lifting the p.-n. 
Curving down strokes in upper loojis is 
caused by leaning upon arm, rolling liaml 
too far to right or because the arm is ntit 
drawn far enough over edge of table. Curv- 
ing lower loops, same cause or beciuisi' 
wrist rests upon desk. Leaving o. <^ </, </ 
and <i open at top is caused by not eiiM\- 
ing pen far enough to the left before de- 
scending. Correct this and all mistukes 
iu form by making incorrect letters thv.c 
tiint:f X\\v\r jiropir nizr, aud running to the 
opponite ,'j-(rfme of the fault. To illustrate, 
a is left open at top ; cause, not enough 
curve and slant in first down stroke. Cor- 
rect by making rt as large as a capital aud 
carr^' first down stroke at least three tiuun 
as fur /.. th. hft U-U.u- n.-<-,.ndiii.- as it 

k'ssiHss. observing the following nile 
will eorrect these faults. When angles are 
desiicil. tlir pen iHHnt titifjt; where turus are 
desired lliey should be made as short as 
possible leithoiit ntoppiny the ])en. 


The most suitable time for the writing 
lesson i.s the last half of tlie first hour in 
the iiinrniufTor afternoon — morning .session 
preferred. Too much cannot be said 
against the custom of giving the writina- 
IcsBou immediately after recess. The \ i.i- 
lent exercise generally indulged in iil r. 
cess wholly incapacitates pupils fnim 
securing good results in wiitin:,' l<.i ;ii 


or less ll,TMM,^ MM,,- f,,l„ :, ,.,.u 

The lr;ulifi «ill therefore secure nuieh 
luttii r<-iil!- \>\ iisiug the time already 
su-L:i-ieil. Ll -.suns in public schools 
shoiil.l nni lie le-'^ than thirty minutes ea{-li 
day in high school, grammar and junior 
grades. In the intermediate, secondmv 
and primary, fifteen to twenty mimiles 
each day will be sufficient, as young pupiK 
tire easily, and when once they lose inter- 
est improvement ceases. Copies canimi 
he too perfecc ; but when lithographiit, 
copper or steel engraved copies are um.I 
pupils should beinformed that the beautiful 
forma arc simply specimens of the engrav- 
er's skill, and that the "whole-arm capi- 
tals " were originally executed with the 
fingers; that such forms cannot be ex- 
ecuted with any degree of certainty, even 
by professional penman; but that they are 
models which, if closely studied,, will give 
the pupil a clear conception of the correct 
and beautiful and a permanent foundation 
for legibility. That studying the form of 
a letter does not mean drawing it me- 
chanically or tracing it. That a thorough 
knowledge of form must precede its execu- 
tion, aua that, having a thorough knowl- 
edge of form, copies are unneceaaary. 

Analysis, to be pnicticfll. must simplify 
the work hy showing similarity of corapo- 
iK'iit parts of k'ttcrs. common faults, meth- 
Ddn by wliich they can be corrected, and 
simple geueni! rules by which legibility, 
rapidity, and uniformity can be secured, 
and does not require a set of drafting 
tools, nor a knowledge of higher mathe- 
matics. Movement exercises should jtre- 
rcde each lesson, care being taken to vise 
drills which apply directly to the forms of 
letters which are to be practiced upon. 
Pupils should commence writing as soon 
as they commence the other studies. The 
Roman and script letters should be taught 
at the Slime time. The little folks are 
anxious to learn and easy to teach, and as 
they all have a natural desire to draw and 
write, it should be cultivated and turned 
into its proper channel. They should 
make the first eflforts in writing with pen 
and ink. The large amount of writing 

the cause aDagivt.'s the uu-lliuil Inuhuh 
they can be corrected. This done the 
teacher is again with the pupils. 

Here a word of advice and encourage- 
ment give': frn^h imiii-tii« to disrniirnL"'d 
pupils'; -.1 .|ni.l V u-iiiiL- rr.,-MNll,.- r^irrl.'- 

dation to 111. ■ -iiLM— -lul uiii^. w ill (Mu-r 
others to emuU.U' Ilu-ii..--\.imijlc. ln.sliurl, 
try to teach writing with the same energy 
and enthusiasm that enable you to 
secure good results in other branches, and 
you will make good writing in your school 
the rule rather than the exception. 


Pen should always face the paper. 

■ nnx.l.'.l out by sonic other U-ssou ; if you 
iln |iii).iN will consider writing of less im- 
l".it UM . , ;iml lose interest. Do not place 

I I ^Mitiiigupon the board, through 

I ,iM h --m^-. unless you wish your pupils 
lo U;iiid iu poor writing in their written 
work. Always keep your best things and 
discoveries for the last part of the lesson. 
Be svire you itiitlrrxtfiud the lesson before 
prc'icntitit' it to the clsiss. Be sure tfiej/ 
>n,'l. r^hnnl if l.ikiliy Up Unothcr 

I nisi Mrs- nii'i 1(1 trr writing tliiit you do to 


work closely, and whenever you detect a 
fault practice until you have corrected it. 
Never scribble; always have some detinite 
object in view — some form or letter which 
you iire trviiig to juTfect. To furnish 
ori^nn;il jkhI ih'w \i\f:i^ upon this subject 
retjiiinN it i,ni.;iter kiiowk^dge and more 
fertile l)r;iii7 lliuu 1 possess. I have, 


MH pMt§ 



^ _ , DR.doHit^'fowLni, _ 

lilji' foindiur (tiiiiimilli'j' iiTtlu' Ihammm jlimniiilistii AsarnalMiul lljr(iliiili:i)_|'brs 

~" ■■'■ V--""'' //,..-.,.,/ u/..^,.. 



u ut jJJIiikitrl^iljw till tiiiu i-i I 



_ mwurflHre l|i«jku;ir*r hi iiru» 

<^ .e. ^^^ 

^n i^AUo^ *^<.'VAA.<,. 

executed with lead and slate pencils by 
school children is i\ gmit injury to their 
writing, as the bad hiibits ii(i[iiiied require 
more skill and piititiuit- tu torrect than 
would be required tu take them from the 
start and teach them to write well. Do 
not attempt to make left-handed pupils 
write with the ri^ht hand. If you can't 
teach left-hand writing, let them work out 
their own salvation; they will make far 
better writers with their left hands, with- 
out any assistance from you. than they will 
if forced to use the right hand. Too much 
cannot be siiid in favor of personal or indi- 
vidual instruction. By studying the mis- 
takes of pupils, short and simple methods 
of correction will be discovered. Some of 
the most vuluuble things I know regarding 
writiuy: I leiirned while trying to correct 
the mistakes of pupils. 

By individual instruction I do not mean 
that the teacher shall stop at each desk 
and correct the pupil's mistakes, and" il- 
lustrating with pen. The time devoted 
in public schools is too limited for that 
kind of instruction. As the teacher passes 
down the aisie a syigle glance will be 
sufficient to discover the common mis- 
takes. Repeating the rules and instruc- 

Never grasp or .'iqueeze the holder, unless 
you want to shade. Keep back of hand 
toward ceiling and wrist free from desk; 
feet upon floor. Body must not lean uixm 
desk. Do not rest or lean upon arms. 
Practice, without theory, is blind. Hav- 
ing a clear conception of form, work 
rapidlv. In group work, uniform height, 
uniform space, uniform slant. Instruction 
which cannot give the "why "shows an 
ignorant teacher or worthless instruction, 
faults, run to opposite ex- 
To increase space between letters, 
slant of up stroke. Avoid super- 
fluous lines. Brains control the muscles, 
the eye criticises the foi-ms. Down stroke 
in small letter straight, s, «, « and first 
down stroke in a, d, fj, and q excepted. 
Up strokes in small letters on connective 
slant, final up stroke in o, tc, h^ n and 
round r excepted. All up strokes curved; 
uU turns as short as possible, without stop- 
ping the pen. In using copies, change 
words frequently, letters seldom. An """'- 
of perseverance is better than " '"• 
])oiinds of natural talent. Do 
too much. Do not talk too much, 
not inform pupils what the next li 
will be. Do not allow the '""" * 


to he 

nderstand their 

therefore, tried to make this article inter- 
esting and valuable to public school 
teachers by attempting to assist them in 
removing or surmounting some of the 
most common obstacles encountered in 
teaching writing. If I succeed in this the 
purpose of this article will be accomplished. 
If I fail it is not because I do not fully ap- 
preciate the importance of the subject, but 
because I do not full' 

Wants an Eastern Penmen's 
Editor op The Jourhai. : 

I have been somewhat surprised to find 
that seemingly no notice has been taken of 
the little squib in a recent number of The 
.JocnN.\i. asking " Why not have an East- 
em Penmen's Association?" I had looked 
to see the matter taken up by at least a 
good round half-do/,eu penmen of the East, 
and the project well started toward com- 
pletion before now. With the splendid 
example of the " Western Penmen's Asso- 

ciation" the matter of an Eastern associa- 
tion can hardly be regarded as a doubtful 
experiment. Even though Uie West be 
pi-ogressive and pushing, we of the older 
East do not care to acknowledge that they 
are in any way ahead of us in interest in 
and love for the work of our chosen call- 
ing. If, then, they can make a neighbor- 
hood meeting of .penmen a grand success 
in every respect, so too can we. 

We have the material to draw from. 
Scores of New England hoys feel lonesome 
and buried from the world of fellow-work- 
ers because they cannot travel half-way 
across the continent to meet them in happy 
and profitable conclave. Bring the meet- 
ing to their very doors and they would 
come with their hearts full of cnthimnsm 
and their minds teeming with brilliant 
thoughts. Let us see who would come: 
Ilinraan can be depended upon to he 
there filled to the brim with new ideas. 
Shaylor, Portland's great artist, would 
come with a paper on the art as 
valuable for its literary merit as for sound 
ideas. Burnett would come to establish 
the new society's reput-ation for handsome 
men. Perhaps Huntsiuger and Hall and 
Davis and Ohristic and Dennis and Regan 
and the Biirdett brothers might all Ik' in- 
duced to come. What an array of talent ! 
How much help the younger ones would 
get I How pleasant for all! Wake up. 
brethren; let's hear from you all. What? 
Oh. yes, I would be there with a copy of 
the '])irtrt<inj in my jiockct. Fntternally 



PlvturcH. for Fulrlollf 

It is doubtful if any other \ 

American histoiy, Tbe picture is pecuUariy 
apropos just now that we have seai-cely done 

other lettei-s than th<>' 
ing a cipher copy, 
his machine in an n| 

combination, which iml !■ ■■ ■'■ i i n s- 

pondent should know, tin nnr-i h. i.iis- 
iblc, and if the new inv^-iili.m is of imy 
use at all. its usefulness would be mucW in- 
creased by such a plan. 

They reach from ocean to ocean ; ' ' After 
giving Ames' Best Pens a thorough trial, I 
am satisfied they are indeed bent:'' The 
above comes with an order from O. .1. 
Willis, principal of WiHis's Business Col- 
lege, Oakland, Cal. 

PENMAN'S Art Journal 

for term, ami spacr. Special 

ninhetl on application. No advertisements 

tnkm for lesK than %% 

Awraee rlroulailon laat rear over 

Subscription : One t/por $1 ; one numhrr 10 
pt'Hts. No fret snwples except to bona fide 
nyenta who are intf>gcribers, to aid them in 
taking nubsoriptiwm. Premium iiat on p. 77. 

Foreiffn »ubscriptitm» [to countrim in Pos- 
tal Union) $\.'&peryeaT. 

IV. H. JJorneman, of the Branlford Hifri- 
n ' e , / f d On Hh 

JOURNAlk Ida t 

New York nay 1880 


<lriiwiiig by 0. W. ilaininii. Penmnn 
8<>iilf'8 Business Colleee, Xcw Orleans. 

Written specimen by B. F. AVilliams, 
Sacmniento, Cal., BuBineaK College. 

Bird flourish and set of capitals by C. 
N. Crandlf. 

Specimens by The Jouknal's staff and 


Cade.~0, i..„,„^,»u.; 

Smith.— W»! took him setting boys' copies. 

C'arf*-.— Here's a villain ! 

— Henry IV. 

The comments of The Jodknai,, March 

P " g h t d f th Na 

n 1 E 1 nal A t n t p al 

w g t h rs h I 1 1 view 

f mb f 1 L d 

n th t w k Th I in 

pp t 1 I f I 

g t n f Am 1 rs th 

bi t f p nm n hip I is q t an 
he!- 1 es wl h any imp ess has 
I m d th 1 h p th re 

flNt l\ss t Phpnt 

Phi Ikl bmllg 

asj tflnesdmi th ga 

t W b 1 t h p es d nt f 

1 I If M M 11 f 

^ I i 1 h Ihm 

1 ' P 

schnuls :iiid in rollcg.'s. do all they can 
ton-ard bringing tlii.s subject before 
National Educational Assoeiiition, because 
we certainly believe there is no better 
time to have the aubjeet discussed. I can 
assure you that should any of the teachers 
from this city attend the association, they 
will be in sympathy with the above re- 
marks. " 

Mr. Purdy goes on to give a brief sketch 
of bis methodsof school-room work, which 
show him to be a careful and intelligent 
teacher. This we reserve for use hereafter. 

Here are some observations by W. H. 
Carrier, superintendent of writing in the 
public schools of Adrian, Mich. : 

"lam in hearty sympathy with any 
movement which will give penmanship 
lb ur public-school 
I -Qt rs which it right- 
1 J ly demands at their 
; t e of the place it 
t n f every individual 
or argument. The 
d now is the need of 
An experience of ten 
t t, commercial and 


t h rs 
f llvd 

h Id 

1 tt 


ty h 1 
t 1 

d d bt 
1 h 

? that such a need 

i I 



Thebreaksin thesenesof Mrs. Packard's 
graded lessons in Munson phoiiograpy, 
caused by the exhauston of several issues 
of The Joun.NAj-, have been fiUtd by the 
BepublicHtion of the shorthand i>ortiojis 
of the missing numbers^ We are now, 
therefore, enabled to offer these lessons 
complete. They include eighteen number 
of The Journai,, fron\ October, 1880 to 
April. 1888. Thej are thoroughly prac- 
HtiU. progressive and complete, teaching 
the system precisely accordiiig to its head, 
Mr. Miiuson, and prepared by his author- 
ity. In the reprinted portions cefcreaces 
are made to the "^Complete Phonog- 
rapher,'' Mr. Munson's offiicial text- 
book, as an adjunct to which, embodying 
as they do all the latest modifications of 
the system, the Lessons will be found iu- 
v:iIikiMl-. The price of the complete 
'•\\>~. with handsome binder, is $8- 
^^.ll|.mt binder, $1.50. 1\m sets without 
iniiilii-s. lia.-'iO; binders, 50 cents each 
addiiional when ordered with papers; 
75 cents each ordered separately. 


For %% we will send The Journal for 
one year and the complete Lessons as 
premium. (No other premium given.) 

Tor *;i.50. two subscriptions to The 
JouKNAL and two complete sets of the 
Lessons as premiums. (No other premium 

Or we will send the Lessons free as a 
special premium for three subscriptions 
and *» to pay for the same, each sulwcriber 
to be eutitled to choice of our reeula- 
l"""" - ^ 

U b 1 ait n est L t h 
nt n b o ght b f th n n 

fa p <« f nd du 1 b t 

thtpchp mh hpf A 

th a. d tl fli 1 t d f th 

N t n 1 Ed t 1 Ass 

II enable one man 

t d tl w k f th iv four men with- 

t t J tly ha 1 d th delight and ac- 

unt dab! ng to mankind. But are 

th not no p pi who earn their bread 

th th p n h n b perating any one of 

th n \\ g machines ? If, 

1 w th p p t uction and train- 

g 1 rs n m y q re twice or three 

t mes b p d nd a.e in writing that 

h w 11 a t n w th t it, is it not time 

th t t I tak t bring up this ne- 

1 nd m t I t al branch of edu- 

the last ^ 

In II 

1 methods 

to get a solitary subscription from the 
amiable proprietor (his own) at the rati? 
given to clubs of a hundred. 

Then there is the man who persists in 
ordering goods, naively stating that he 
will remit at once on receipt. If we have 
any doubt of his financial standing and 
business integrity, he respectfully refers us 
to Squire Ephraim Blubbertub, Sitka, 
Alaska. But please ship the goods in- 
nt^nt^r, as every hour of delay involves 
him in great pecuniary loss. Of course it 
is necessary for us to waste time and post- 
age in writing to say that our business is 
conducted on a strictly cash basis, and we do 
to open accouuts. That is usually 
hear of the pressing order, 
v/i tuiiisc, Luu, we are occasionally de- 
ceived in spite of precautions, and swin- 
dled. We state conspicuously in The 
JotjRNAL, in connection with our supply 
department, that no go&ds will be sent 
unless the price is received, exceptC.O.D.. 
at the purchaser's expense. Even then we 
require an advance payment amounting to 
at least one-third of the amount to pro- 
tect us. No one therefore has a right to 
expect us to send goods when these con- 
ditions are disregarded. We have occa- 
sionally, though, been misled into doing 
so, and had to suffer for it. Here is a casv 
in point — a very small transaction, there- 
fore ail the more contemptible. 

A. W. Lowe, Wilbraham, Mass., whom 
we had mistaken for an honest man, re- 
cently ordered some card-board. It was 
sent by express C.O.D. for 00 cents (pre- 
cisely as provided for in our supply an- 
nouncement), and the package was rc'fuseil 
by Lowe, on the ground that he would 
not pay the C.O.D charges. We were 
notified of this refusal by the ey"--"-- 
agents and wrote protesting, but 
purpose. The package ' ' 

; back, oost- 

Y,V^[ ?'*,'^'« writing lessons (illustrated). 

Kibbe s lesson in lettering (illustrated). 

Page lesson in flourishing (richly illus- 
trated), by M. B. Moore, first prize winner 
in The .Iournai/s Flourishing Contest 

Fancy alphabet by A. J. Zii 

who arc leaching the boys and girls of 
America to write, solemn enough though 
these pedagogic functionaries be, conforms 
very nearly to the classic jest given above. 

The FXiLLOWiNQ is taken from a recent 
letter from Mr. S, S. Pxn-dy, special 
teachwof writing in the tMiblic" schools of 
East Sagiuttw, Mich. : 

"As teacher of 'jieoraanship' in the 
public schools, and onewho isdeeply inter- 
ested in tills branch of education, I feel 
that too much emphasis cannot be placed 
upon the nere.'^ity of impn-ssinir this sub- 
ject upoi ' ' 

eral i 

!hK of 

of the JMiIiIm sr I I,vhI|,t. Ml [". -I l^'llOUt 

tVcoimh-y. It s|„Ti;.l (..aril,.,-. i„ ^^^iting 
cannot be and ore not employed in the 
nvijorily of public schools, bo much more 
necessary is it that the public teachera 
should take it up and strive to instill inta 
the minds of the young the elements ai^ 
jirinciplcs of correct writing as well as 
correct form and graceful movement. 
People nowadays, partictitarly business 
men, do not object to having clerks who 
can write an intelligible, free, off-hand 
style of penmanship, but rather insist 
upon it as a necessity. Quite frequently 
have we observed instances where ap- 
plicants for situations were requested to 
apply or reply in their own personal hand- 
writing, thus showing 'penmanship' to 
be one of the important qualifications. 

'* No intelligent person will, therefore, 
doubt the necessity of careful attention 
being given to this branch of education 
in our public schools, because understand- 
ing, as every one does, the importance of 
it. we at once come to the conclusion that 
in youth is the time when these principles 
should be taught, and that the school- 
room is the place in which to teach them. 
We therefore believe that a great deal of 
importance rests u]ion our public teachers, 
whether they make this subject an im- 
portant study in the school-room or 
whether it is neglected, as is too often the 

"Now. feeling as I do in the matter, 
1 wovild strongly urge that the special 
teachers in writiug, both in the public 

reserved. We shall give them in brief, 
with those of a number of other special 
writing-tejiohers, next mouth. 

There are pew better vantage-points 
perhaps for the study of human nature at 
long range than the office of such a 
periodical as The JunnNAL. Every estab- 
lishment with wide-spread business rami- 
fications, of course, catches a good many 
queer fish iu its nets. Wliat we call our 
" Curiosity Box," representing the odds 
and ends of mail for years, is good enough 
for a museum, and indeed we may turn it 
into a .sort of museum for the private view 
of our readers some of these days. There 
are letters in all languages (including 
languages known ouly to the writers), 
threatening k-tttr-. \il.l\ almsive imd in- 
sulting lettci-s, l.r--j].^ 1, II, r>;, laughing 
letters and (TviiiL! Ill In-, ami so on to the 
end of the ciitaloun,-. 

But there are plenty of other freaks 
with which we might adorn our museum. 
There is the sample-cojiy fiend— writes re- 
ligiously every month, and always has an 
enormous club iu view. He is by nature 
a smooth, eloquent and mellifluous liar, 
and some of his artifices are amusing. 

Then there is the proprietor of the Pun- 
kinville CI earing- House University, Pen 
Art Hall and Institute of Shorthand, 
Type-Writing, Telegraphy. &c.— plus— 
who writes on paper torn from a blank-book 
and forgets to give his State. Or he for- 
gets to inclosi- thr money for his order. 
Iniitin, ,., i,n,, unmberoneis usually 
'"""■' I' communication, in 

^^''"' '' I I'imkinvillian threat- 

*^"'' ' ' '■" ' ' I'l'ronage and tear up 
o'"''^ ! '-N. He is more nu- 

mii..!, ■ I 1 1.. be. 

-\'' ' '- type is the amiable 

■'**■" |'i"|>M-iu(, nh.j writes frequently 

to be,siiM> scune wonis of burning compli- 
ment on the paper, incidentally (though 
invariably) inclosing his circulars for no- 
tice. He, too, always has a large club in 
view, Could we oblige him by givingovir 
very, vcri/ lowest terms to agents ? Cer- 
tainly. Sometimes we are fortunate enough 

ing us $1.15 for express charges. The 
backing for this package to preserve it 
properiy cost us, besides labor, 20 cents. 
The loss to us w, therefore, $l.:i5, besides 
the waste of labor and time, postage on 
several letters and leaviug the board on 
our hands. Had the goods been accepted 
the profit on so small an order would have 
been not more than five cents. As a iicttv 
swindler A. W. Lowe, of Wilbnihum", 
Mass., is something of u success, at least. 

There are a number of accounts on our 
books of a similar character, representing 
m the aggregate a loss to us of hundreds 
of dollars. Some of these rascals richly 
deserve to be written up, and they may 
yet come to their deserts. There are 
various grades and sizes of swindlers on 
our Black-list, but the sixty-cents swin- 
dler is almost too small an object to be Seen 
even through the most powerful micro- 
scope. Next time we may have a more 
interesting subject. 

We want to repeat here what we have so 
frequently and so explicitly said before. 
Our terms are strictly cash. A deposit of 
at least one-thii-d of amount of order is re- 
quired when goods are to be sent C.O.D. 
All express charges, including C.O.D 
money charges, must be met bv the pur- 
chaser. Goods sent by mail "are at the 
purchaser's risk, unless ten cents additional 
be sent to pay for registering package. 

The winner in our prize competition 
No. 1 (essay on The Art of Penmanship) 
is F. S. Heath, Oossville, N. H. His 
paper will be presented next month. 

We 8H0PI.U like to have the present ad- 
dress of J. P. WiUon, who formerly wrote 
cards in the Sherman House, Chicago- 
R. W. Massey, late of the College of Busi- 
ness, Birmingham, Ala. ; J. G. Anderson, 
formeriy of Jackson, Tenn. ; C. J. Connor, 
late of Storm Lake, Iowa; F. L. Bryant, 
who once advertised from New Haven, 
Conn. Can any friend help us? 

J. B. Grapp, pen artUt, Philadelphia, 
writes to say that he would gladly enter 

such a eompetitinn (ornamental [U'liwork) 
as recently suggcated hy F. G. Steele. He 
is the third, but jit least ten more are ne- 
cessary to carry out the original idea. 

Award of the Amateur Letter 

Thineen youug men sent letters com- 
peting for the gold pen prize offered by 

■ the March issue of The 

proper to say that manv 
were barred out of the 
Hi-i' the most important 
liii'l in their execution. 
Ii' itik was too light, or 
.'■•\. or both, to admit of 
IS of photo-engraving. 

il. R. Ostrom 

of these 

The prize was awarded on the basis of a 
business letter,having a due regard for com- 
position, spacing, arrangement, &c. The 
winner, John F. Schrocdcr, is a pupil of 
Prof. J. F. Fish, m the Ohio Business 
College, Cleveland. He is only fifteen 

" Jrhn H.Millert, 710 North Thirty- 
sixth street, Philadelphia, spoiled a very 
pretty letter by putting it in backhand. 
A handsomely-written letter by Leonard 
Hyams, 139 East Seventy-ninth street. 
New York, lost half its effect by over- 
spacing between the lines. Ovemhading 
did the work for Charles W. McKelvev, 
350 West Twenty-eighth street, New 
York, and Jacob Woolf, 225 East Broad- 
way, New York. Harry T. Bennett, Des 
Plaines, III., marred hjs letter by over- 
crowding. M. V. Hester, Ridge Farm, 
III.; F. O. Putnam, Logan, Iowa: C. G. 
Fechner, New Berlin. Tex.; and W. E. 
Lawford, Ihapah, Utah, submitted letters 
that iu the main were extremely credit- 
able. The best of the remainder were 
from Charles Adams, Montreal; Miss M, 
A. Ostrom, Alamo City Business College, 
San Antonio, Tex.; W. J. Deziel, Arch- 
bishop's Academv. Montreal; Charles 
O'Brien, 53 Taylor street, Brooklyn. 

"The Journal's" New Home. 

The JoiTRNAL has removed its ipiarters 
to 202 Broadway, opposite its old home. 
The new quarters are large, airy und 
handsomely decorated rooms, apiinmclii'd 
by a passenger elevator and fitted with all 
the appliances to be found in the modern 
office. The location is in the heart of the 
business part of the metropolis, overlook- 
ing the busiest thoroughfare in the New 
World at its busiest point. The new 
rooms are far more convenient, elegant in 
appointment and generally desirable than 
those vacated. Our friends visiting the 
city are cordially invited to call up and 
inspect the rooms, where they will find a 
force of about twenty people busily en- 
gaged m the various departments, and 
what we can safely say to be the largest 
and most varied collection of penwork on 
the American contiuent. 


; print. He i 

teacher also. 

—There are many excellent pemueu in the 
Lone Star State, and when it comes to busi- 
ness writing the name of L. E. Biirge^ 
Tehuacana, will be found well up on the roll. ' 
:i-ap-book has at least one Iii^r 
I page 

forms but jjuv liltk' iit,r*-u- 
I] lettei-s, thus marring the 
No aueh defects are to 
Ipencer's work, 
lumbus, is makiug quite a 
.. -, , - ■*" portraits. Heli doing a 
good mail busmess generaUy. 

-C. J. Lysmg is traveling on the Pacific 
Loast. nr^nizin£ wTiting classa*. His head- 

t~l'\ '■ '"' i ■' (i, Hamilton have 

r:'/* '''"■ '■'■■■■ - 'ollege at San An- 

•-'"" ' ilK-d by their joint 

:Jf°'p |'Mj._i i|,|i,..i letter-heads of the 

I».^^I'f ^V'''u"J?*^?V^?'- Commercial Col- 
l3'« '"'■*' H S (ioldey is priacipal, has 

uaa a \ ery successful year. 

^^ZF'J^^AlfT^H: "" excellent young pen- 
man, graduate of the penmanship department 
of the hpencenaQ BusGiess CoUego. c"leveland. 
has eng^ed to teach at the Aui^-a, III. , Busi- 
neffi College. ' 

—There is a charming vigor and freshness to 
the penmanship of A. G. Coom-od. iohit pro- 
prietor of the Atchison, Kan., Business Col- 
lege. Messrs. Coom\)d & Smith are haWne 
flattermg success with their school 
Vi^^V^"'^?.'''*^ 's ""der obligation to the 
S^-^^'^'^y- ^"■- Business Col%e and Art 
aK»H?.''ir ^^'^ "^""'nderin file foi-m of 
a Deautifiilly pamt«d egg. 

— Circulars aunoumv that the Stockfjin, (.'a!.. 
Business College and Normal ' Institute? will 
open OD May 13 and continue in se»non for 
six weeks. U. K. Traak and W. C. Ramsay 
are at the head of it. 

— F. G. Thompson is looking after the pen 

good work out of the students. 

—One of Prof. F. H. Hall's pupils and assist- 
ants in the )^'riniaiishij>di-[^irtment of the Ti-oy 



1! Mr 

well-equipped ttachei- and i>euninn. All the 
commei'cial branches ai*e taught and the ener- 
getic proprietor has built up a good patronage. 
— The teacher of peumauship and book- 
keeping in the Normal University, Princeton, 
Ind., is J. H. Bachtenkircher, whose pen-talent 
we have had occasion to compliment on a num- 

1 penman, has t 

ivith Thompsou's Busi- 

tabljshed i 

ness College, thL 

— D. C. Rugg, of the Archiltald Business Col- 
lege, Minneapolis, is a level-beaded teacher 
and a good penman. Neatness, smoothness 
and distiuctne^ are marked characteristics of 
his «Titiug. 

— K. J. Knowlton has his bands full instill- 
ing into the citizens of East Wilton, Me., the 
pi-mciples of correct chirography. 

— A very tastefully executed school cata- 
logue comes to us from the Interlake Business 
College, Lansing, Mich'. W. A. Johnson and 
M. L. Miner are the princiiMils. 

— J. W, Ernest, a clever young penman, 

— O. L . Doi-ney has 
the AUentowu, Pa., Bi 

open a school of his owii in that ,„.. 

name will be the American Business College and 
Modern Office Training School— which covers 
all the points. 

11 excellent way to advertise 

literary entertainment, followed by a collation. 

embarked for Europe by the steamship State 

' Indiana. May ItJ." " 

ta business engagement 

Scotland, Ireland, Fi-a 

mits. other countries. On his 

booked for an engagement to i 

ipencerian a1 

„ - lily il. May - 

iil through untroubled 
—In Young Fotk-s' Society, Louisville, Ky., 
of recent date, we find a skt-tcb of the busi- 
ness career of Pn.i K.i.- ,Sj>,nr.-r, nf the B. 
and S. College, thiil - <u f i..i,~-..i Si)encer 

is an earnest and MM ^ ~ s-iui i,.ar|,L.r, A 

good portrait acLMjup: - ili^ -I., irii, supple- 
mented by po^triliI^ nl .'i umiilirr of his 
graduates who are now filling 

— So many capable young peimien ai-e com- 
ing to light every day or so that it is an occa- 
sion for little wonder when one of them springs 
upon us a batch of elegant speciii *' — -^ 


ALj^^Q(^jy, //y^r 

PhotO'E^igraved from Letter hy J. F. Schroeder, Cleveland, Ohio, and Awarded 
the Gold Pen P)-ize Offered by H. R. Ostrom for Best Letter by an Amateur 
Under 21 Years af Aqp. The Letter Loses Something in Photo-Engi aving, as 

the Ink tvas not Adapted for that Purpose. 

—The catalogue of the Southwestern Busi- 

It opens with a beautifully lithographed sheet 
showing various notes, drafts and other com- 
mercial forms made especially for that school. 
E. H. Fritch, the principal, has tl-e benefit of 
the sei-vices of a large faculty— and it requires 
a lai'ge faculty to look aftei- so many pupils. 
At the head of the penmanship depi ' 


used. Ai Mini' iiiiiiii I mil,' we hope to give a 
specimen k\ ili . Hailxr. 

— W. N. Ferris has, besides his laige School at 
Big Rapids, Mich., another at Musgekon, 

I very interesting o 

superintendent of 
I schools of Chilli- 
cothe, Ohio, is the proml ivt-ipieiit of a hand- 
some medal thus de'^-T-itx-.l \-v f}:>' I 'Itjllicothe 
Leader: "The niiHl.ii ^i- t! , ..!ii i,,! .■[.■..^'i-tion 
of the Ohio Ctrir. - < ii> is that 

the display of jh-hh I l.v the 

scholars of the piiM ■ - n- .i [ < lullicothe 
wa^ the finest di.s^lat •■i (i,i Ivui.l made at 
Ohio's great exiMJsitiuit. It nns .illicial evi- 
dence of the fact that the scholars of the pub- 
i;,. __i i_ ..„j__ Ti__,.. ._ yiocuni'j, guid- 

lo mean proper- 

, J7..:.;.__j 

Cniilicothe ought to feel very proud. And 
we gues we do, don't we *" 

—A. J. WiUiamson, late of Richmond, Va., 
is of the firm of WiUiamson & Sullivan, who 
have opened a business college at Shetfield, 
Ala., and another at Florence, Ala. They 
report good prospects. 

ing over some very pretty specimens of card- 
work and miscellpneouB script from the pen of 
R. C, McCready, Allegheny, Pa. The work 
Las a very taking sweep and finish, and all of 
our friends will do well to pos.sess themselves 
nf Mr. McCready's specimens. 

— G. M. Smithdeal has added to his Practical 
Business College, Richmond, Va. , a well-organ- 
ized department of shorthand andtyi)e-wril^ 
ing. which is under the management of J. " 

—The catalogue of the Toledo. Oliio, Busi- 
ness College is worth preserving in itself if it 
had no other attraction than tlie various bits 
of i)enwork engraved from copies executed by 

of his school. The roll of students oc-c«pies 
several pages. 

-Here is a stroke of Business College enter- 
prise that is desei-ving special mentioiL In 
issuing invitations to its twenty-third annual 
graduating exercises, bt-id on May 14. the 

President Harrison, Vice-President Mar 

and members of the Cabinet, handsomely 
"""""""'' The likenesses are very accurate 
aid is well worth preserving as a 
We congratulate the enterprising 

— C. J. Lysine, Nipoma. Cal., and J. W. 
Jones, Osman's, Ohio, nave written usreuua'rt^ 
ing that their names be placed on the list of 
sjwcimen exchuugei-^. The wi-iting iu each 


—From B. F, Hitch, Whitman, Ga., wehave 

a sheet of writing exercises which shows that 
he has a good command of the pen. 
—We have received a very neatly-writteu 

s arrangement. ' 

M. Cartier, Paris, Tex. ; R. L, McCready, 
Allegheny, Pa.; J. P. Byrne, Jamestown, N, 
Y. ; O. G. Brown, HarriBbufg, Pa., and J. H 
Bachtenkircher. Pr-incetown. Ind. 

This branch of pei 

a vtuitrtj' ui spet-imens, wncren ana m-awn. Ho 
does A. H. Barbour, TalKir, Iowa, including a 
batch of students' work. Clarence E. Orrasby, 
Stafford Springs, Conn., shows what a four- 
teen-year-old can do. His conception of form 
is good, but there are evideiicea,of balky move- 

— C. M. Weiner, Soiitli W!iii,i,-\, li„i , ^^nds 
us a pen-drawing '■ Mi.lsutn.n.r i;rv,.ting." 

copia. Weineris 
and will doub 
fessional way. 

—It is a long time si 
graceful, well-gTa<U'il, 
written slips for hnm. 
us by Prof. W. H 
They are the same si 1 1 

mall students (asadvt „,, 

and they are good einxigli to t*?mpt a profe* 

for the sake of 

sional to take Patrick' 
the specimens. 

— Handsome specimens of writing and flour- 
ishing have been re<-eived froniB. F. Williams, 
of the faculty of the Sacramento, Cal., Busi- 
ness College. G. L. Gullickson, Dixon, IU., a 
student of Craudle, submits a brace of beauti- 
fully-flourished specimens. J. A. Willis, pen- 

itals and a bird of no uncertain feather 

thatthe pen, of our old friend W. A. 
danger of 

Moulder, Adrian, Mich,, is i 

ated at Lexington. Uanuisun is well situated, 
and gives the greatest satisfaction to em- 
ployers and pupils. Like scores of others, he 
""* *"'" "' riginally thruugh The Joub- 

well-executed set of capiUils, \\ .■ ;,]■.. ir»lfl>ted 
to C. E. Ball, of Hopkni.s, Mo., fnr a number 
of graceful specimens. W. B. Robinson, 

cards. The latter .__ .,._, , .„„ 

flourish indifi'erent. J. W, Jonwi, Osman's, 

very ci-editable, the 

cleverly -executed fancy card 

i. Central Busiiiesi College, Sedaiia, Mo.; 
<j. B. Wibert, Andover, Ohio; C, H. Sage, 
pre^dent Three Rivers, Mich-, Business Col- 
lege; C. O. Perrin, secretary Buffalo, N. Y., 
College of Commerce; G. W. Wallace.WU- 
mington, Del., Commercial College; P. W. 
Wiesehahn, St. Louis, Mo. ; I. C. Walk 
Wilkesbarr^ Pa. ; W. G. Rasch. Burlington, 
Wis.; W. H. Reid. Tacoma, Wash. Ter.; H. 
A. Van Dyck. Albany, N. Y. ; A. S. Guthrie, 
San Bernardino, Cal. ; D. L. Stoddard, To- 
peka, Kan.: W. W. Blafr, Boston; P. J. To- 
land. Canton, Dl.; L. B. Lawson, LosAiigelefij 
Cal.; T. J. Risbiger, Utica, N. Y., Business 
College; M. V. Chambers, Mt. Vernon, Iowa. 

ClubN for April. 

The king dub for the [last month is again 
divided, thirty-one subscriptions coming from 
E. H. Robins, of the Southwestvm Bushwaa 
College, Wichita, Kan., and the same number 
from the Detroit Business University. The 
queen club is from T. J. Risinger, of the Utica, 
N. Y., Business College. It numbers 34. A 
club of 23 comes from a well-known Illinois 
Business College, the name of the sender being 
withheld by request. L. B. Lawson, Los An- 
geles. Cal., sends II* subscriptions; D. C. Rugg, 
Archibald Businesit College, Minneapolis, 17; 
M. V. Chambers, Mount Vernon, Iowa, and 
O. C. Domey, Alleutown, Pa., 14 each; L. E. 
Kimball, Lowell, Mass., II; J. E. Gamer, 
Harrisbui^, Pa., C. H. McCargar, Ottawa, 
Ont., J. G. Heuiuisoo, Lexington, Ky., J. H. 
Bachtenkircher, Princeton, Ind., 8 each. An 
unusuaUy large number of smaller clubs has 
been received. 


rContrlhiitloni* for this Dtijarlnn;iit iimi 

' " ) B F. offiw of The P 

loURNAi.. Ilrirf cducot innill It' 



In Ohio there were 80 State ana 20,341 county 
certilcQtes grantee! JnAt year, 

Notre Dame, the great university of the 
West, box HOO students, the largest number of 
any Catholic college in America. 

The endownniorit fund of Lehigh Univer , 
is now something over *:J.iHX).(HX). Daughters 
of eluniiii pay no tiiiFlon there. 

The Class of '!*! at West Point and the Class 
of '02 at tViniell have voted wine out of all 
class suj»i>ers and liniiquets. Of -MM) members 

Miss Mm 


WHien a cat gives on entertainmeul ti om the 
op of a wall it isn't the eat we object t«; it's 
the waul,— ATefnr (N. B.) Sentinel. 

James Whitcomb Riley last year made t20,- 
KK) by his pen, but be bad to scratch for it just 

laugh wben the old man mashes his thumb. — 
Terrr Haute Express. 
Farmer, to a tramp whom be has surprised 

day whifc discharging 
Leather Reporter. 

Housekeeper, after dining a tramp; 
don't you go to workC Trump: " 
able to do hard work, madam. As 
obliged to go to ^unday-schoi 
s of weather, audit made me very 

■ Iv; "they're 
killed yester- 


cheap in Iowa, 

Your¥ truly. 

F. O. Putnam. 
Logan, Iowa. 

The lettering is well done, and shaded 
very much as if a double-pointed shadiug- 
pen had been used. 

Stlrriiigr Vp the Pemneti. 

The folIc»v/ing extract from h letter from 
Prof. S. R. Webster, of Moore's Business 
College, Atlanta, shows how The Jour- 
nal's prize corapetitioQs are regarded by 
one of the best-posted men in the penman- 
ship profession: 

I think your prize competitions have in- 
fused by far more interest throughout the 
ranks of the profession than was ever felt be- 
fore concerning the outcome of what might be 
made a general contest in the various branches 
of the art. To just what extent this oppor- 
tunity for a match of brain and brawn among 
the sturdy knights of the quill has touched the 
i-espoasive chord along the line is better known 

coumerclal branches. Christians preferred. 
Scud photos and state salary. Reference. To 
begin Sept. 1st. Address "COMMEHCIAL," 

i Art Jodrkai,. 


! s'tafiS 


ANTBD-A flrst-olass Teaelier 

anceessfnl teacher and not nlniid of 

perlenced and 

of hard work. 

good salary will be paid. 


3 Penman's Art. TouRNAL,205 B'dway. 
NTED— about September Ist, a 

lorlish Branches. Applicant 

and ^ood inBciplinaii 


; Amherst, «106,000: 

eighty rooms. 

Fane lex. 

Mother : ■' Johimy, I'm shocked to hear yon 
swear. Do you learn it at school ?" Johnny: 
"LeaiTi it at school! Why, it's me what 
teacbesthe other hoys I" 

Pa. is an nbbrevintinn for Pennsylvania, Ma. 
for M.iniiinii Jitul Wn^h. for Washington. Pn. 
(iinl M:i ;iic nil M.iii , liut we don't Tike Wash. 

\V\ I I- ■! ■ mil- after 8 it is past S. 

\\l 1 I- [i.ii ■ , iiii[iiiii.>>- after S it is onlvhalf- 

|i:i.i -. Ill I . I- .III. ■Mm r iH-irnvcry to make the 

Qg to enlighten the yoimg idcii 
s of geology) ; " Now, hoys, did 
■r SCI- hematite i" B, Sykes, 
..ii-Ui: "Vaas! our Hemina 
I i.iiioinin' h'owl on Satm-day 

iiy bov 

Iff I'll .. :>...^id 


>ii- I i I' W'lidt sort of a hand does 

\i H. ii>,ed towriteabeautifnl, 

!:ii_. ;',.,!, 1. ,1.1, l.ut one day he shook 
haul I'll I ii" I. Sullivan, and since then 
hi- wiitiii;; haslji.ii very Cramped."— Buc/iiio- 
ton Fr,i- Press. 

Teacher (rhetoric class): " MissPurpIebloom, 
you may express the thought. ' Necessity istbe 
mother of invention,' in uifferent woitls." 
MissPurpIebloom: " Invention is the daughter 
of necessity." 

" Now, Chai'lie," said a teacher to a boy 
wh<.m lu' hml piiiiislmd foi- the first time. "I 
Ii.>l„' ilii- hi- t III Jii vou n les4on," "Yes," 
villi. I !■ 1 1. 1 ■- taught nie it is better t 

< >!. I :ii() a little boy who bad 

I" ,11 . Ill ,ii_ . h I with his elder brother, " I 
VmiiuiI I'lts to-iUiy. i learned that the square 

and the Itase and periiendicular of r- '■* 

handeil triangle is equal t * 

Dream.— Little girl (at 

of a right- 
11 of the liip- 

■hool) : " What did the teacher send you here 
Little boy : "She said I was bad and : 

;n telling you about, was captured by the 
inibals and killed. And now. little ones, 
1 any nf you tell me where he was after 


The Above Cut is a JReduced Fac-Simile of a Diploma Executed in The Journal Oj) 
The Size of the Diploma is 16 a; 20 Inches. We Keep in Stock Various Diplom 
any School. Special Designs Made to Order Promptly. Send for Our Diploi 
Styles of Various Stock Diplomas. 

for the Adrian College, AdHan, Mich. 
Suited for Use. in any Department of 
; Circular Giving Prices and Showing 

■ell;" Carpet Dfalei 

every -<lay pnnts. "—,/»./;,,■. 

Small man on railroad train, writing letter 
to his wife: "It would afford you some amuse- 
ment, my dear, if you could see the freckle- 
faced, long, lean, spindle-shanked, knock-kneed, 
sneaking, impertinent, ill-bred, half-baked 
specimen of a oackwoous gawky who is looking 
over my shoulder as I wnle this " 

A Corn-stalk Pen 
Editor op The Jqurnai,: 

Thinking I have something you never 
heard of before, I inclose a specimen of 
my lettering with my double- pointed 
corn-stalk pen. This is my tirst attempt, 
as I have no steel pen. I have since or- 
dered some double- pointed pens, ao I hope 
to do better work. 

The pith of a dry corn-stalk is also very 

nice to clean the point of a pen with 

. while doing fine work; I think much bet- 

\ cloth — it does not heat the pen 

1 the Ici 


elty I mail you the pen I 

of the ladder ot chircjgraphic cxti'llonco with 
demands of contvibutioiis to hi-r un.'^urpa.ssed 
beauty and usefnlne--^ without tear of disap- 


_ cliiss Penman and Teacher of Bookkecp- 
iiiK; send specimens. Also a tlioronuhly coni- 
peienl teacher of commercial arithmetic and 




Branches with some Kood Business V<i 
Can furnish best of references as tochm 
and nbDity. Address 

care of Penman's Journal, 2(6 B'dwiiy, 


I kinds of penn 

Correspond e 

solicited. Address 

W.E. DENNIS. UTS. 9th St.. B'klyn. N- 

As to character, ability, ic, I refer t.- 

May Peirce, M.A.. College of BusiuKis. Phil 

phia. Pa.: H, C. Wright, Principal Wnght ^ 

iness College, Brooklyn. E. O.. N. Y- 

g. Plain and Oroamental Pen- 
Wrillug, Orammar and assist In 
? Departmeiit. Good habits, and 
t references. Address 

Instruction in Penwork. 

All the pcucil giiidc-lines used in tliis 
copy are shown in and around letters L. 
M and N. They should be made very 
lightly, so that when the penwork is 
complete little ur no erasing will be neces- 
sary. The backjiround is left imtiuished 
in the first line to show plainly each step 
1 the work. The lines ;irf made with tlie 

L- pen 

spaces be- 
tween Itttir- i\lii[i 111, iiii:_'(-r movement 
IS used ami (In- |" n lurtinl to the writing 
position. Miiki- the irrnnp of lines A A 
lirst, commencing at the outside and 
making them closer iind heavier as the 
letters are approached. Work from A 
to N across the top, then turn the sheet 
from N to A across the bottom, stopping 
when the top and bottom of the letters 
are reached, as seen in J K. Next lay in 
the lines immediately back the letters 
and then the sloping lines from A to N, 
and from N to A, making them from the 

Fill in the sloping lines back of the 
letters and then proceed at pleasiu-e to the 
finish, with snch other lines as seem 
nece-ssary to produce the desired effect. 
Outline the letters very carefully with 
()tnril. and when working with the pen 
!ind ink be careful to not make such niis- 
tiikes Its you see illustrated in the tongue 
of Q. This we count a graduating exer- 
cise in lettering, but shall give you one or 


lu afford to be without these s 
works. We are «lso still supplying ' 
Compendium" as a special nr^mium 

t book of the kind among the i 

Cireat Im die Kln&rdotii of (lie ffllckl- 

A spring whose water is a perfect writ- 
ing fluid has been discovered m Michigan. 
Now all that is needed is the discovery of 
a lake of writing paper, a mine of postage- 
stamps and 11 quarry of steel pens in the 
same vicinity to make that portion of 
Michigan &" literary center." — New York 

Authors Vko Violet luk. 

Violet ink is becoming distinctly the 
author's ink. It is curious how general the 
use is spreading among authors. The poet 
Whittier rarely uses ink of any other color, 
and manuscripts or notes from his pen in 
black ink are only occasional. Mr. Ilowells 
is entirely given to employing violet ink 
in all his work, and Julian Hawthorne only 
uses black when his favorite ink is un- 
obtainable. Business and social letters 
written by the CerduTij editor, Richard 
Watson Gilder, are invariably in violet ink. 
Charles Dudley Warner's passion for the 


Antli)>iiy*8 Kiircka School Outfit. 

liUauro'"'' Price, ["mulirlv! l.iily *(7,Sol"°K "lf,llA>- 

E. & H. T. ANTHONY & CO.. 



I H. W. Kibbe, Jltnstrating His Lesson Accompanying {Photo-Engraved). 


If J 

•n any of B- H. 9PKX- 
CER'S I'BNMANSHIP, send 25 cents to him 
and ppocivea dozen twnutifully written onrds. 
A handsome Souvenir containing sample cards 
raftllod to you for 10 oenta. together with clr- 
nulnr BlvitiK II lllxrnl commission to agent*. 

II. II. 



^wftnu.!!!^- ni'-l.^Mi I'v 'r!IrT,i' •■''''■ ■''■';'.''■'■'■'■■'""" """'*■■ 

AUegbeuv.' I'l.' " ' ' '"'^ ^'^B^fi 


two more alphabets before proceeding to 
the lessons in engrossing. 

A V«oful Dovir 

factui-er from some of the largest banks, 
schools and offices in this city and indeed 
throughout the couiiti-y. We have used the 
extractor in om- ollice ever siuee it was got out, 
and we unreservedly commend it. 

We ha\-e on band a few copies of Gaskell'^ 
" Penman's Hand-Book." nl«out two hundred* 
pages, prmted on one si.l. Ti,, i„„.k is lille^l 
with specimens of AiiK) i< ^111 :•<•,] ri,niL:ii pen" 

moncySavliiK Arliltnielle. 

5 + 7»< = V214. So say the arithmetics. We 
have discovered a trick, however, worth two of 
that. "Ames' Compendium'* (*5), added to 
the *' New Spenceriau Compendium " rti7.50) 
would naturally cost the purchaser $13 50 
We are still supplying them, however, for 

color extends to the violet flower. It is 
extremely seldom that any "copy" by 
him is seen in black ink. "Bayard Taylor 
always dipped his pen in a stand of violet 
ink when in his study. Among women 
writers, strange enough, the practice does 
uni scriii so marked, Mrs. Custer isgiveu 
i<- ii, :iini likewiseia Augusta Evans Wilson 
■Hhl Ciiirc Greenwood. One explanation 
• >i tlir jjiuctice is undoubtedly that the 
violet color is softer to the eye, and this 
is an important consideration with people 
who constantly use the pen. — Boston 

Another Miort Seiifeiirc 

Editor of Thk .TornNAi, : 

There have lately been published in 
The Journal and in other papers several 
attempts to construct a short, sentence con- 
taining all the letters of the alphabet. 
You published one not longago which pur- 
ported to be the shortest, tlie writer claim- 
irg that it consisted of only twenty-si.v 
letters, and yet comprised all the letters 
of the alphabet. On looking it over I 
found two duplicates and two omissions, 
Q and W not appearing at all and S and P 
being repeated. I now inclose a sentence 
that does contain ev^ry letter of the alpha- 
bet, and none is repeated; 

J. Q. Vandz struck my big fox whelp. 
I think this cannot be excelled for brrrity. 
however defective it may appear in other 
respects. Yours truly, 

' G D. C. 

Worcester, Mass, 

"G. D, C.'s" point as to the brevity of 
his sentence is certainly umwsailable. The 
sentence, however, is open to the criticism 
of employing arbitrary proper names. 
"Why not take the alphnb.-t through 
straight ? 


circular. Addn: 


And may be worth $1,000 to you !! 

branch of education winch ir in business demand enibles you to set-ui f on mlvnnLv of salar 

have, then the tbOUgbU the word, or tne objeot wbicti inaplreiJ you lo mnkf that iniprovcmeiit i 
truthfully counted worth many thousands of dollars. And it Is a fact that tlioiiHands of m 
women to-dap hold good positions which they H^B couUl iini \nivf »'<'iij'i'i| Iml foribt'ir at 

whifh is to plrtc' within your reach copies and m ius\i n. ■ ;. ■ i-i.- ^ .m i.. ii 

to lri><pir>^ Ihe stLiitciil to the effort necessary to make ropl'l i^ m 

I will Sfnd yuM a set of copies, written In good, rapid im-irM - ■ ■ : i i. m. ini n, eiII iuihIqI) 
tetters and Ilgures. with iltustrated Instructions for pen-holdinti uixl iii<ivt-i>i<r>ii, Im lllly ct-nt- 

11 say they may be woriti JTi.iKN) ti.y.m 

p ihe writing and flourlshlDfr to the best possible advantage. 

iruled, and the price is $1. 

US great satlsfuctton. 
I fumUh It In letter- 

and send less tl 

Gold, post-paid, for thirty cents each. 

Black cards with the name written in yellow or vermlllou are unique and very attractive without 

OUR COLD INK is the finest, rlcheat and brightest you ever saw. Samples 0f-«ardB and 

1 con now siend you the beat cheap Pintoeraph that ha.i been made for the aboveprice. II Is made 
of blark walnut and cherry, arm* ^H inches lone, Blcnple In construction, well mode and will do as 
■accically as valuable an Instrument as can be piiruhoaed elBewhere for less than 
sot Kuoranteen correct Some of the Pantographs 
mail posingf paid Six by express for IS. 

g inches I( 

Die an i 
deslgaa. Every u 
coi rectly made. Sent by n 

consistj of oce handsc 
brush, pen:$, six color cups Id bo: 
A beautiful and interesting a 

' diplomas c 


ing to Ihe elaborateness desiruiJ; also engross namt 
styles at very moderat* prices. Samples an i prlc 
wantsuc wor . ^^ dOIJBT 

If you have any doubt* about the Japan \ax 
and flourishing, scnil ten cents for a sample Boui 
a IKM pen, which will convince you that not only 

I, photo-engravtjd I 

Price, post-paid. ^3 

n engraved dlfilomas 

ur IT. 

In a variety of effective 
world for elegant writing 

H. W. KIBBE, Pen Artist, 


So many |ieo|)lo know about these 
liooks tliat it -eeiiis <|uite unnecessary 
to advertise tlieni, but we owe some- 
thing to the professional journals, 
and especially to tlie Pksman's Art 
JooKNAi., that does so much tor our 
kind of education, and so rielily do 
serves support. The P. A. .1. is an 
excellent advertising medium for 
those who wish to reach live teachei-s 
and thoughtful students. These peo- 
ple all take it and read it. Tliey 
even read the advertisements, if they 
are worth reading and tliat is why 
tills advertisement goes in. If it is 
not .worth reading it won't be be- 
cause the things it talks about are 
unwort' y. Everybody should know 
better than tliat. Take the " Packard 
Commercial Arithmetic," for instance 
— a book that is outselling any other 
commercial arithmetic ever pub- 
lished in this country. It is simply 
wonderful liow that book has grown 
into favor during the past few years. 
No school of any account thinks of 
doing without it, and the number of 
single copies sold to private students 
is almost past belief. It simply 
goee. There are two editions of this 
book, both good, the complete edi- 
tion that retails at J1..50, and the 
school edition that sells for a dollar. 
Then there is " Packard's Complete 
Course"— a litile book of 100 pages 
that sells for 50 cents, and contains 
all the instruction in book-keeping 
and correspondence that some 
schools need. This is uof ecpial in 
merit, however, to " Packard's New 
Manual of Book-keeping and Cor- 
respondence," a more recent and ex- 
tensive publication. This book is a 
charming text-book and is used in 
all fii-st-class schools. Quite a num- 
ber of people have tried to imitate 
it, but all have' failed. It stands ab- 
solutely alone and unapproaclialjlc, 
and only costs at retail one dollar. 
It isn't necessary to say that these 
books are put forth by the author of 
the old'Bryant & Strattoii text-books. 
Everybody knows that. It is well to 
know, also, that they are the result 
of more than thirty years of contin- 
uous work in the field they traveree. 
It might be well for the few people 
who haven't examined them serious- 
ly to do so now. Whoever may be 
seized with such a 'desire, and will 
meuiion. tills adveriise?neni, cim have 
either of the books by remitting 
one-half the yetail rates, as stated 
herein. Address 

mi East 2M St., New York. 

There is Nothing Wh It 

My Written Compendium is 

pniving a perfect substitute for lessons 
liy mail. Those who have bought it 
arc ghding into a free movement and 
easy style of writing with as little dif 
ficulty as I could ask were they under 
my ()erson;d supervision. '1 he Com- 
pendium is a success as a /lomt instruc- 
tor, because 1 use a method in the 
first exercises which compels the right 
mm'eMifiit. I firmly believe any young 
person of common sense may become 
a graceful writer by following up the 
idea carried out in this '-ompendium. 
It embraces everything necessary in a 
fifteen lesson course, and would be a 
big help to traveling teachers. Price 
One Dollar by mail, post-paid, 


lO (Vnts 

10 Cents 


1<> Cents 


ti-ix' 515 East State Street, Trenton. N.J. 


he Aill ni.iil you '* Uixler'» X'liyslcal 
TTainliiitr 111 PemuanHliIpt" ^4 p^i^cs. 

IniC Teaclier, " ^ h:iiu^om.-ly Illnslmlct! 

E'£^5;^;Ei^'m p LO MA 

\1 I sioo lor tlie 

gIdeon BIXLER, PDliiislier, Woosler. OMo, 



nr {Mmgir: Lanttnxt ITonted.) Catalovne FREE.! 

IhARSACH organ CO. BW mmJi. Vi&mt^ Fi.1 


standard Typewriter. 

chines. Buy tli.iii wiiti r.\\v i'lllVILEGE OF 
RETURNir^G th.Lii iiiilpiok.'ii at aoy tlniP 
witlilii SOduy* C. (I. 1), loi lull |iri(^ imid if iinf 
HESPRCT. HnQilMumi- illuatnUt'd nmtii.hlet imJ 

Championship of the World. 

At Toronto, in open Contest, Aug. 1 3, 1 8B8. 

327 Broadway New York. 

^ The Modern Way 


The old druduery of conducting correspondence 
personally with a pen is a Ihingof [he past. The 
demand tor t^teiiui|rraplmi-s and typewriters 
is increasing every day. No well regulated 
house will do without one. Young men and 
young women alike fill these desirable situations. 
We rrorme SHiuifio)is foi- our Grddii- 
Hlen. Shorthand taught by mail. Send us your 
name and we will write yon full particulars. It 
will cost vou nothing. Address 

W. C. CHAFFEE, Oswego, N. Y. 

RH H. .1. I'uUuan & W. J. Kimlcii. 

B Latest. Best, Most Comple 
Cheapest thing ol the kind. '^ eve 

lit-iiiitilully lithographed slija and I 
imd .^t e\|)licit Instruction Bo< 

PntmaB & Kinsley's Pens. 

flo I 1 11. . I III. loi students' pi-uc- 

lif. Willi, " ' ' it writing and line 

No. 2. ■ ' ■ I. .ill' I'l II " I'or bonk-kcop- 
i-i-s, lii"iVc'-i.' i i..ri_ .r ml, 1,1 -, :iini all wishinjT u 

l>RICKii.~SRmvleH, iOv.., Quarter (Jross 30r. 
(IrOBB. 81.00. 

PUTMAN & KINSLEY, s,?;,.:?..^"^:;^.'?^'.;... 

Pernin UiiivRrsiil Phono.3raphy, 


10 years' espen- 

La Salle St. 



The Wonderful Machine for Writing Shorthand. 

Easy, Acciiruto and Reliiilile. Send stamp fur a. 
5S-pago Circular. Machiiioa rented on trlul. 

11-12 Price deduced to S«n. 


lira) method. 
, Sensible. A 
tical relinble 
methi.l1. Tlioroutfhly tnught by corres- 
pondem-e. Indoised by lending cduoatora. 
Special induuemfnle to teachei-s, Descriiittvt- 
pamphlet fr«'e. 

:,.-' fi W: 14th Kt.. New York City. 

Charge yoor Memory to try AMES' 
BEST PENS. By no pos.sibiHty can you 
ever forget tin- result. 

still giriiif/ tin/ r"tir>.f of ttretre ^ 
I'Hgoiitt ill jthtin ofjiiti'inxliifi !»/ nmil for • 
♦3.00, emh in nthanef. 

stop iny ndvcrti'-eiiiriii- 1., , .11(^1 i \\.i-. wri- 
ting more stiiUeiit.-s than I luuUI aihiiii lo 
is in itself siiflicicnt pioof of il> limits. 
The instructions and copies for tlii-; nuirse 
are all fresh from the pen and will nlwiivs 
I)e niv verv !»-•( work Tin- vi,„i,.,it is 

had teaching liyniiiil. 

That I have had wonderful su 
.shown by the following specimen of i 

The old style I clipped from his letter or- 
dering the coui-se, and the new style he 
sent ine after (■oin|)leting the course. His 
P. O. address is C'hanibersburg, Pa. He 

sincerely thank you [ 

[ny small invesiment of J^.d 


Itf. ; 

Ueulpe for maliluj 


sends somt of the fineiit 
ver seen. Mr. Dakin Ut ui\ 
enmen in the country. 

, prlcf 50 cvntH 

iar<i-writlnp pens 
leu of tluunshmg. 





Those who wish to become fine penmen 
at small expense, and are willing to give 
the subject a little attention, will find in 
this course just what they want. 

Ttie Spenccrlaii Oblique Holder sent fo 
three for a^ cents. 


Why use a poor pen when a good one 
cheap 1 The kind that I use have a ve y 
do not scratch and are veiy elnaiic. t 
quarter gross, 35 cents ; one gross, SI."? 


Finest quality. 500 sheets, size 8 x 
$2M: SfiO sheets. $1.50. Umuled. Sw 
$3 00; S50 sheets, ^1.20. Sent by espresa. 


You cannot do good v 
favorite Is positively tt 
black and glossy, but mil not tub ofF; it makes & 

It Is very 

. , it makes a 

freely. Sent by express 

lirilllant Ink, G 

. AMElfji 

I, contalnw 
, contaliiS I 

ii d I will send 

n cards written in uU poiuibie styles 

Liont>. I can not only please yon but 

on with ilie lieaullfut und original stj le» 

above should be addressed. 


No. 30 Johnson St., SYRACUSE, N. Y. 

.nrf o^t inapiratton mough * 





1' or ?I we will send The JorRSAi. one year with 
loit-e of tlie followiDB elegant preiaiums /rcr: 

iird's Prayer Size ID x 24 

loiiriahed Eagle " 24x8d 

irriiise CertiflcaVe 

nut and Lincoln Eulofty lOi 
PeiimaDsblp Premium) . 

sub.^criptions and i 

fv Wi.- Iiave heretofore 
iuQs and a quarter-gross 

9 and the Unique Telc- 
iiis and the crlebrated 


ve liuliscriptioUB and i 
; double-ljarreled Sktit 

ilatp w-ihh, elegant h 
!t hay the sweep 

, fourleeu volumes, baudsomely 

8 Ue does so notify us tit the \ 


als) and %■£ to pay for 
\ly Vyclovedia, one ol 
iurormalion id 

J to choice of regular prt^miums. 
BWautugc-utR every where to talic subsi-ri|>- 
s and sell our spe<>tiilt ies. 


The International Cyclopedia. 

E333ITX03Nr OE" XeO£>. 

Its bus just t«ken;n \ FIFTEEN LARGE ROYftL OCTAVO VOLUMES, 
is fli-st \,,^ MORE THAN 13,000 PAGES. 

\. MORE THAN 49,000 TOPICS. 

Sold for Cash 01- on our EASY PAYMENT plan. \ 100 DOUBLE-PAGE MAPS, 



DODD, MEAD & COMPANY, Poblishers, 753 & 785 B'way N, Y. 


; aRTI lie ENGRAVING. ..S 


foi fttimate and stamp for our latent new spLci 

WeW Yor'k Fine portrait Company 

studio, 46 West 23d Street, New Yorl{, 

Will make you Elegant Crayon Portraits from S5.50 to 

S7.50, for which the prevailing Market 

Price is from S25 to $60. 


Thtse prices are to introduce oui- worli, utter wliich we shall chiirge i 
you will pay it willingly. Aiood agents make excellent wages without \v 
their shoes and their lungs, as our portraits canvass for,theuiselves. Kefer to Prof, 
D. T. Ames, editor of The Penman's Art .Journal. 





Most Durable, Most Elastic, Most Satisfactory 
and in tine long run far the Cheapest. 

We Use no Other. 

" Ames' Best Pens. 

Sales larger t han of any pea ever pat on the American 
market (in an etjual period), yet the price of Ames' Best Pen is 

a little hiffher than that of other pens. 

But is it not worth your while to pay a few cents more on 
the gross and ^el a pen that will give you better service and 
outlast two of the ordinary sort? 

Quarter gross, 35 cents; one gross, $1.00. Special intro- 
duction piice to siOiools 


D. T. AMES, 

n niiit ArtlHt, 


The loading school of pen art In tho South 

drawings of nil ni, ■ - 


Desiens and drawings of a 

gravnig, Ccrrcspon deuce aollulteil with pi 

desirlnn firat-class work at rea-^ouablo prices 

Fur circulars and apeolmensof - 
A. C. WEBB. Naslivlllfl, Tei 


Northern Illinois CoHege of Pen Art, 


Thorough tnstni'-ii i u if Pen- 



vT5. IV. .T 

i.'-l |.<.|.iit!ir School 
r study combines 
Myslera of biisinesa 
lues. No Vaeatione. 
stcd to situations. 
,nd CoUeifC Journal 
niN. President. 

National Business University 



and Indies 

. _ Engroisaing 

Work done in the highest style of the 


Is of Pen 

for bueini 
"Vorli d 

your plain writing, and send you a model busi- 
ness letter fresh from the pen. 
(ixcell your work will frankly say 
J ou Jg 00 for 

out, but on receipt of will briefly criticise 
' ■ irriting, and send you a ni ' '■ 
fresh from the peu. If \ 
twill frank' 

ill be done and signed by the Pres- 


These Schools are all connected, nnd are 
among tho best of their kind in America. 

Good booi-d in privite families ut ^.00 per 
week. I'irculurs free. Address 
:i-ia McKEE & HENDEUWON. Obcrlin. O. 


-< tiend me your name written in full, and 25 cents, 
and I will send you i 

stamp, and I will send rou addressed In mv own 
hand, prlao list deaorlptlre of Lessons by Hall, Ex- 
tended Hovemeuts, Traoinc Exorcises, Capitals, 
Cards, FlouriBhlng, (tto. Address. 

A. E. PARSONS, Wilton Jonotlon, Iowa. 
P. S,— No postal cards need apply. 3-12 



To Order. 

Our EngrosHuiK. Peu- IJrawiuic. Lfltering and 
Plouriahlng have received the hig^hosl conimenda- 


12-I2 A. E. DEWHURST, Utica, N. Y. 


Our Complete Work. 41.00, with 
S5.00 Certificate. 

Rook -Keeping and Shorthano 

Tauglit b/ Mail. Catalogue Free. 


Iowa Commercial College, Davenport, Iowa. 

H A R R j SO N^S^^&'Ki^^^^ 

"irir|jP£ N",ma;a""s ■ v ^.■» • ;/ . v ut j oh knai.-p^ 




DvtcHptlon of those Made by 

No. 1 Is n c.niproiniie between OW Kngllali and 
UennSD Text, vitxlcr timn <-ltlicr. 
No. 2 muy li« oalled the ■* Molld llea.l." 

bimI the Bhttiie cornea on the left, having a very 

No, 1 Is hased on the German Text," and adapt- 
No. r. 1b a beniittful Script, and eapeolally adapted 

to sniaH |>en» ; very useful. 
No. IJ Is bftsed on the "Marklujr Alphal>et," and 

Is adapted to rapid and pluin work. 
No. 7 1h similar to No. a, but eopecially for small 

No. 8 may be oalled the "Block," na the letters 
- ':>bemadeof ' 

- d EDKllsh." 
No. 10, the Figures, useful ana ornamental. 

No, 9 ta based on the " 

Any or all of above, 15 cents eaoh. 
iDflnlte in numbpr. 10 cents each. }] per doz< 



The only Penoianship Paper in the South 
published monthly. It is beautifully illus- 
trated, practical, proeressiye and instruct- 
ive. Its columns are devoted to the inter- 
ests of penmanship in all its departments, 
to self improvement and practical educa- 
lisn. Subscription, 50 cents per year. A 
sample copy for two cents in stamps. Ad- 



ship than any 
^soD will substa 
ONE sample copy FKEE. 

isoD will substantiate this 

Third edition now ready. It is indorsed by bus- 
ness writers. Tlie following is from J. E. Brown, 
a splendid, practical bu^lnesB writer, employed by 
the Northern Paclilc Hailroad Co.. at St. Paul : 



449 Main St., Buffalo, N. Y., 


Business Education 


By means of direct Personal CorreKpucdonce. 

The First Sohool of Its kind in America. 

Laroblt Patronized and IIionLT ENnon<iKD. 
StvdenU now tgittertd from nery Slalt and 
Territory and utarty aU Britith American Proviuas. 

The Course of Study and Practice includes 

book.kfj:ping. business forms. 

actual business practice. 

business pknmansbip, lbttkr writing. 

DlBta.nce no objection. Low rates and satis- 
faction fpiamnUtd. Send two letter stamps for 







Any of the foliowine artlclus will, upon receipt 
of pnce, be promptly forwarded by mail (or express 
when »u stated): 

When 10 cents extra are remitted merchandize 
will be sent by registered mall 
■ All expt-ess and C.O.D. charges must be paid 
.by the pui-chtiser. 

Ames' Compendium of Practical and Orna- 
mental Penmanship (5 00 

Ames' Book of Alphabets. 160 

Aine?' Oaide to Practical and Artistic Pen- 
manship, in piper 50c.- in cloth 7S 

Amcfc" Copy Slips for aeif-Teachera M 

Williams' and Packard's Gems 5 00 

Standard Practical Penmanship, by the Spen- 

cei Brothers 1 00 

New Speiiceriaa Compendium, complete In 8 

parts, per part go 

Bound complete 7 60 

Kibbe's Alphabets, five slips, 25o,; complete 

Little's lUuslratlTe Handbook on brawlnc-.- 60 

Grant Memorial iSxS8 luones 50 

Family Record 18x22 " 50 

Marriage Certificate 18x22 " 60 

11x14 " 60 

Garfield Memorial 19x34 " 60 

Lord's Prayer IflxSI " 60 

Bounding Stag 34x32 " 60 

Flourished Eagle 24x32 " 50 

Centennial Picture of Projfress.. .22x25 " 50 

• " *' " ...28x40 " 1 00 

Eulogyof Lincoln and Grant 22x23 " 60 

Ornamental and F1ouHsht.-d Cards, 12 desle^ns, 

new, original and artistic, per pack of 60, SO 

100 by mail 50 

1000 " KM; by express V.'. 4 00 

Bristol Board, S-sheet thick, 22x28, per sheet. 60 

" 22x28 persheet, byexpress... 30 

French B, B., 24j!34, " " ... 7S 

" " 28x40. " " ... I 25 

Black Card-board, 22x28, for white Ink 60 

Black Cards, per 1000, byexpress 2 00 

per sheet, quire 

Whatman's by mall, by ex. 

Drawing paper, hof^press, 15x20,.$ .15 $ 1 20 

19x34!; !20 2 20 

£1x30,. .85 8 75 

_" ;_' 2flx40.. .65 7 00 

Wlnaor&Newton'sSup'rSnp.Indla Ink Stick I 00 

Prepared India Ink. per bottle &( 

Ames' Best Pen. H gross box .... ... 35 

Ames' Penmen's Favorite No. i, per gross. . . 90 

" " " " Hgrossbxe. 26 

Engrossing Pens for lettering, per doz 26 

Crow-qulllPen, yery fine, for drawing, doz. . 75 
SonnecKen Pea, for text lettering— Double 

Points— set of three 80 

Ubllque Penholder, each lOc; per dozen 1 00 

"Double" Penholder (may be used either 

straight or oblique), each lOc; per dozen, 1 00 
Oblique Metal Tips (adjustable to any holder), 

eachSc; per dozen 86 

Writing and Measuring Ruler, metal edged.. ,30 

New Improved Pantograph, for enlarging or 

diminishing drawings l 25 

Ready Binder, a simple device for holding 

New Handy Binder, light and strong..! J5 

Common Sense Binder, a fine, stiff, olotb 

binder, Jodrnal size, very durable 1 60 

Roll BlacklKtards, by express, 

No! 2'. " 2«s3^/feet!:!!!:!!!!!!:!!!!'::! J S 

No. 3, " 8 14 " 2 60 

Stone Cloth, one yard wide, any length, per 

yard, stated on one side , j ao 

46 Inches wide, per yard, slated both sides. 2 25 
Liquid Slating, the best In use, for walls or 

wooden boards, per gallon 6 00 

on good bank note paper Is kept In stock, and 
orders will be filled by return of mall or expreso. 
The fractional denominations are : l 'a, 5's, lO's, 25 's 
and 50's.ln convenient proportions; the bills are 
In the denominations of 1'b. 2's. S's. lO's 20*8 50's 
lOO's, 500'8 and 1,000's, which are printed on sheets 
uf flfteon bills each. They are prop')rtioned so as 
make 3 ones, 8 Iwot, 2 fives, 2 tem, and one each of 

The proportion in which the different denomina- 
tions are printed is that which lone experience has 
demonstrated to best me'it the demands and con- 
venience In business practice. W© cannot furnish 
the Script In other proportions than those named, 
except upon special order and at additional cost. 

Fractional Currency per 100 notes $ /5 


nre kept in stock and sent by return mall, or ex- 
press, 30 cents each, or $3.00 per dozen. Orders 
for now and special designs promptly filled. We 
have stock diplomas for business colleges ani 

miscellaneous iuBlltutlons. 


For the preparation of all n 

Also we have the b 

1 unequalled. Send 

In The Jodbnal and onr publications, 

work on penmanship In print ; also any bookkeep- 
ing, commercial anthmetlo or other educational 

Send the money with order. In all oases. Unless 
this requirement is met no goods wiU be sent by 
mail, in any ease, nor by express. C. O. D., unless a 
Mifficient advance is made to protect us against 

liy writing us to " send so-and-so (you have forgot 

but reliable goodfl. and all' who fav..r^ us wi"t; 
orders are assured of prompt and efficient service. 

Address, D. T. AMES, 

•iOi Bnwdwfty, New Torh 


PenmanN Journal um 
to the Joseph Dlxoii 


No. las. 

Expressly adapted for professional use and orna- 
mental penmanship. 



All of Standard and Saperior Quality. 





Paper Warehouse, 

Nos. 1 5 & 1 7 Beekman St., 



" Wortb all others 



Penman and Designer, 


= Cor. Kroai 

DIPLOMAS foR Scuooij* 

Every Style of Artistic -. 
Penwork . f '' 

Send stump for Ilht-i 

Bryant tS: stratton 

.\(lii|iti>(l for use with or without Tpxt-Uoah, 
and the only set ret-ommended 


Counting-House Bookkeeping," 


t noo! 

BU8I(il_._ _ _ _ 

pKAiTiCB Book. 

, Um 

srt. Business Fori 

IDS Set. pKAiTH 
Skconu Business 

iKcmenta made with Busme.^^ 
■ -»rivot " ■ - 

irrespondence invited. 

belt Pen in the U. S.| and best penman use them. 




Inpt^-d for Puhltc i 
kkceper's use. Put tin 
I'viis. i^nt, postpaid. 


119 4 121 William Street, N. Y. 







P1:hS nn.l rCVKllYfiODY. 
nny pnrt of the Unilod Stntv* 

upon i-eceipt of 
•J5r. for Bor eoulattiinif One-fourth Oroaa. 
SO,: for H Bulk Groaa. 
tiOr for Four On,~fourth Oroaa Boxes in 

Spi'cinI prices to the trade or agents 

St«mi»s not refused, but orders for J4 gross 

Cnt-a-logue tree. 

B.jofcaoHera, Stationers, Printcraand Naturaliata, 
8-12 No. 16 Humboldt Block. Knm«n» City, Mo. 


. Jue n course in Pen- 
ship by mail may be accommoiliited by A J 
SCAKBORODGH. who has beea very suooeae- 
ful in thie particular line. 83.00 pays fornix 
lessons, which will do a pei-sevaa^sr student 
about as much good as a six wjjekB" course 
under a teacher's personal supervision. Try 


tf. no.r o:t. su,n.„. ii:, ifi,-,,,... x. 

Bicycle orCuN 

$2.00 for $1.00. 

The best steel pen of English nniimracturc Is 
worth Sl.CO per trruss. 

The Pelrce Phil'jsophk-al Treatise of Penman- 
ship, which contains TOO questions and TdOan- 
swers. besides other valuable matter, retaUfl fo 
$1.00, and thousands of volumes have been sold. 

To give this book a wider eirculation, the fol- 
lowing offer is extended to n Bonerous public: 

For 81.00 I will send a gross of 601 Gillotfs 
I'ens and my Treatise to any address In Canada 
in- the United ytutes, V,. 






' A thou.Ban,! yfiirt* lu, a iluy No fli'lttimptio 
paclH'S it. A shiirt. simple, practjnil luotbod by 
! r ATKINSim, rrlnriiinl Of Siurnrnpiito Binl- 
iwwColleKe.SacniiUfUlo.Cal. By matl.SUcentff. 


r-'i ,. Am JoiKNAi. 










/,/ all nf 

■,sl ,,„,„, tar ,1 
II,,- j:„,i. 
„,;l „„rk.,u 

■I. and the oiilij_ complete s, 
,1 II il Commercial ScJutols i 
/ .ladij. 

-les of CniitmerchU Text Books published. These books are now ttsed by iieitr 
■ tile United States and Canadian Provinces, and are everywhere accepted a. 


J300l<lcefcipin.g. — Published in four editions, .is follows: Complete Bookkoeping; cloth, 225 pagi s, 
S}xi2 inches. Prices : Retail, $2.50 ; Wholesale, $1.35 ; Introduction, $1.00. Bookkeeping; cloth, 175 pages 8ixi2 inches. Prices : Retail, $2.00 ; Whole- 
sale, $1.10 ; Introduction, 75c. Introduotive Bookkeeping ; 115 pages S}xi2 inches. Prices .■ Retail, $i.2<;" VVholes.ile, 75c. ; Introduction, f.oc. (The 
"Bookkeeping" and "Introductive Bookkeeping "editions are abridgements of the "Complete Bookkeeping.') First LsBSons in Bookkeeping; cloth. 
100 pages si-vSJ inches. Prices : Retail, ysc; Wholesale, 50c. ; introduction, 37k:. This is a new work now in preparation, and will come from the prcis about 
.Jiugust 1st, 1S89. It is designed more especially for young pupils in common 'and district schools. The principal part of the book is devoted to single entry, 
contains several sets illustrating the principles of double entry. Each of the editions contains a large number of elegant script illustrations. 

CornmerCia.1 Arithmetic— Cloth, 275 pages ej^xio inches. Prices : Retail, $2.00; Wholesale, 
IntroducMon, 7sr. 

Commercial Law.— Cloth, 310 pages eyixio in. Prices: Retail, $2; Wholesale, $1 ; Introduction, 75c. 

Civil Government.— Cloth, 200 pages 6;^xio inches. Prices: Retail, $1.50; Wholesale,' 80c. : Intro- 
all schools — public or private — in which the study is pursued. Notwithstanding 
f the essential features of a good class text book. It is hoped and believed that 
1 the press about August ist, 1SS9. 

Practical Grannmar and. Correspondence.— cioth.ioo pages ej^xio inches. 

Prices : Retail, 75c.; Wholesale, 50c. ; Introduction, 37 Jc. 

Seventy Lessons in Spelling.— Cloth, 130 pages 4x6 inches. Prices: Retail, 30c.; Whole- 
sale. 2oc. ; Introduction, 15c. 

Sample copies of any of the foregoing publications (Civil Government and First I..i!8son8 in Bookkeeping after August Ist.), will be mailed postjiaiil to teacher* or school omrcrs 
nt the special introduction price. .Specimen pages of the books, together with our OatalogmtContaijiing testimonials and full particulars regarding them and also regarding niir 
Thrtt Hcrka' Smiritis Practm, VompteU Sclwol Regulcr, CoUa/e Cmrmcy, Commercial .SludnU't I'm, and other school supplies, will be raailetl free to any teacher on application. 

Address WILLIAIVlS & ROGERS, Rooliester. N ^ 

I, 60c, This book has been prepared to meet the needs of class 
ny excellent books on this subject, most, if not all of them, lack 
ok will meet the requirements, in this respect at least. It will co 



I St.— The pupil does not have to write through from ten to twenty books 

in r)rck*r Ui li.-:irn the System. Only six books. 

2d.— The letters are entirely free from useless lines like di.ublc- loops, ovals. &c. 

The lirst complete system to present abbreviated forms of capitals. 


// / 






A /^. 

^ / 

1 J/-^ 


/ ^ 


-^ y^/^/^r-yyt^ 


,^.//-^/ /'r'/^r 

/ / 


'■^ f' 









■^ - o » 

5 i = f 
£o 1 



^5|^ite^RK.| W\ llj 

3d.— The lateral spacing is uniform, each word filling a given space and no crowding 

stretching tt> secure such results. See above copies. 
4th.— Beautifully printed by Lithography ! No Cheap Relief Plate Printing ! 

Barnes' Ink has juMt bei.'U adopted for 
elusive use in the Puhlic Schools 
of New York City. 


.Ibsolulel) nnsiirpassecl for Klnsticity, 

SmoothIle^^. anil Kuraliilltj 

Send 10 cents for uniiiue card of different 










d jy/^A^/y^/^ 

yU/-/yyJ:y yly/--y/.-ff=m7c 

5th.— Words used are all famllar to the pupil. See above copies. Contrast them «itli sucti words a 

o»u c- u I, . . , ur.iiiesiie, xvlns. tL-nally, mimetic, and xulhus." 

tJtn.— tach book contains four pages of practice paper— onesi«th more paper than in the bool<s of any c 

Hene^— -in.] IJK |i.i|h.t iv iIh' ti.^t f\ir u^cd for copy books. 
7th. -Business forms are elaborately engraved on steel and printed on tinted paper, rendering them vc■r^ 

8th.— Very low rates for introduction. I in i .irt iIr tL,'i',,csi i k> in .Amirit... 


Scores of books are now being made to imitate the Barnes' but they are merely "connecting links." 

An Elegant Specimen Book conlal ning all the Copies of the Series sent GRATIS to any Teacher. 

■"rr."r-i a. s. barnes & co7 Publishers. I '" -:.:%".:;"■" 

Published Monthly 
; 202 Broadway, N. Y.. for $1 per Yei 


ered at the Post Office of New York 
N.Y.. as Second-Class Ma.l Matter. 
Copyright. 1889, by D,T. AMES, 


Vol. XIII— No. (i 


• begun in the April n 

PuniUon SluftlfH. 

Penmen may differ as to which position 
at desk is the best, but any physician will 
say that the " front ''is not only thexfrouff- 
r/ff and most comjortahk, but the most 
hcnlthftd (see cuts 1 and 2). Every line in 
these figures is indicative of strength, 
comfort and endurance. 

We Item- permit pupils to assume the 
"right-oblique" or "right-side" posi- 
tions. Either of these causes the lower 
part of the spine to bend to the left, owing 
to the curved slope of the seat (see cut 
3) ; forces the left elbow off the desk, thus 
removing the prop from the left shoulder, 
allowine: it to fall two or three inches lower 
than its mate, curving the upper part of 
the spine to the right, and bringing the 
weight of the body on the right arm, thus 
impairing its action. 

Again, a sloping desk lowers the left- 
hand end of our rulings. In order, then, 
that each eye may view the work from an 
equal distance, the head is inclined to the 
left, its weight producing a constant strain 
upon the muscles of the neck and continu- 
ingthe curve in the spine. 

We are expected not simply to equip 
pupils with a position which may be en 
dured for a few minutes, but with one 
that mav be carried into the business office 

That position of the hand which ad- 
mits of the freest action of the fingers in 
in all cases most advantageous, especially 
for children. They must depend wholly 
upon their fingers to construct letters 
until muscular development and mature 
judgment render forward and backward 

and used for hours at a time, day after 
day. and yet neither endanger health nor 
inflict bodily pain. Habits of positioi 
formed in the school-room are larely 
changed in after-life. For these habits 
the teacher alone is responsible. 

The "front" position levels the feet 
(the lower braces), the hips, the elbows 
(the shoulder props), the shoulders and the 
head, leaving the spine straight. 

and rotary vibrations sufficiently easy to 
be susceptible of control. Until then 
"muscular" movement is a physical im- 

In teaching pen-holding we Orst pose 
the hand as in cut 6, ut the same time 
giving general instnictiona as to the de- 
tails of its position. Then a single item 
is introduced and made a subject for 
special study and practice for one week, 

when another is introduced and made the 
specialty for the next week, and so on, 
until the complete hand has been devel- 
oped. The aim is to retain each point 

To keep the matter constantly before 
the pupil, we sketch first that portion of 
the thumb and forefinger seen in cut 4, 

Position h, 

1 cut 4, is the position we 
aim to secure. Position ** is quite a preva- 
lent mistake with yotmg children. As a 
corrective wc sketch the thumb as in po- 
sition a. This soon reaches the majority. 
The minority receive special treatment 

during our molding process, which con- 
sists of taking the child's band and press- 
ing each misplaced finger into position 
superior foree, hut by a gentle per- 


■e). In 


aider our insf ruction complete 
understand th- reiinon for m 
of the poxitioii rrjjuired. 

The influence of the thumb upon hand 

calling special attention to their relative 
position. The next week we add the tip 
of the second finger as in cut 3 ; nest the 
third and fourth; then the wrist (cut 6), 
and finally the fore arm and ellww. This 
is done in every room in the city. Many 
of these hands will measure three or four 
feet in length. The average time required 
to make these sketches complete is about 
five minutes. 

positions can hardly be overestimated. It 
fends the same sup|H>rt to the fingers that 
the keystone does to the arch. Its position 
relative to the fingers determines their cur- 
vature and capacity to act, also the slant 
of the holder, and the consequent liability 
to .shade. If it is placed too near to the end 
of the first finger, m in cut 7 or 8, the 
reaching capacity of the fingers is limited 
to that of the thumb. Their action is 

also less elastic than when the thumb is 
raised, as in cuts 9, 10 and 11. Now, if 
vou will place the thumb low, and reach 
forward ond back as far as convenient, not 
to move the arm, then repeat the experi- 
ment with thumb high, as in cuts 10 and 
n. you will find the reaching capacity 
nearly doubled in the latter case. The 
further back you reach in the former case 

he more the grasp tightens (see cut 8) : 
>ut in the latter cose the holder rucks 
cross the end of the thumb, and the action 
B absolutely free from friction. 

Culsl2and 13 show that the relative 
position of the thumb and first finger de- 

termines the dir 

in which the latti 

must bend and the degree of its curva- 
ture. The lower the thumb the more the 
finger bends inward ; the higher, the 
stronger the outward curve. In nearly 
every case the slant of the lower joint of 
the finger and that of the holder corres- 
pond {try it). 

If the /HfU of the thumb presses the 
holder pupils are more apt to squeeze it 
than if the pressure comes against the end 
of the bone, as in cut fi. It requires more 
pressure in the former case to juoduce pain 
than in the latter, and greater effort to pro- 

duce the same pressure, owing to the po- 
sition of the thumb. (Sref) Then, too, in 
contractingthe fingers the end of the thumb 
rocks against first finger, thus impeding its 
action (try this). The iubending of either 
thumb joint prevents its action and lessens 

the reaching capacity of the fingers. {Hare 
you tf/ttfil Oiis?) 

If the end of the thumb is placed nearly 
on top of the holder the result is an ob- 
lique downward pressure. This presses 
the holder over against the end of the 
second finger and that part of the fii-st 
nearest the knuckle, while both are bowed 
up at thecenter. The holder thus foims a 
brace across the base of the arch, prevent- 
ing any action of the fingers save that al- 
lowed by a slight giving of the muscles 
against which it is held {(hnde tifter 

The cm/ of the thumb should strike the 
holder squarely at such an angle that it 
will point directly through the center of 

the fin 



gers at the first joint, and with 
B joints bent outward. The holder 

rock over the end of the thumb, as 

11 and 12. 

the office of the second finger to 
he pen forward and strengthen the 

first. The first pulls the pen back. 
The third and fourth constitute a 
sliding-gauge, not "rests," to steady the 
hand and regulate the pressure at pen 
point. They must be curved back to al- 
low the pen fingers full play The lower 
the wrist falls the stronger the position, 
and the less the liability to press down at 
point of pen. The wrist must n-e-p-e-r 

The elbow should protrude from one to 
one and a half inches over the edge of the 
desk nearest the pupil, and the arm-rest 
should never he shifted. Move the paper 

We require the sa 

Off-hand flourishing, although dis- 
paraged and even denounced by some of 
our business educators, and even penmen, 
I regret to say, is an accomnlishment which 
any one may well be proud of — not only as 
an accomplishment but when considered 
from a financial stand-point as well. As 
long as there is a demand for embellish- 
ment and the beautiful in art, oJT-hand 
flourishing will continue to grow and have 
a host of warm friends and advocates who 
can truly appreciate its value as only those 
who have thoroughly mastered it can. Of 
course, like all other classes of art, it has 
its place and must not be coniounded with 
business writing and things with which it 
has no connection. Nor does it deserve to 
be cried down simply because it does not 
happen to be essential to the acquirement 
of something else. It is decidedly the 
most available means the itinerant penman 
can employ in making attractive displays 
for writing-classes and card-stands, and 
should any doubt his ability to execute 
the designs he exhibits it is only necessary 
to dash off one right before their eyes to 
convince the most skeptical of his skill. It 
will require but a few minutes to do this, 
and yet it may be the means of securing 
several students that would otherwise have 
been loat. 

While objects in nature cannot be truth- 

acquainted, and has the special advantage 
of not rubbing oflE or sticking to another 
piece of paper or the fingers when damp 
or wet. I use the ordinary straight holder 
with bulge, OS shown in cut. A good 
quality of flat writing-paper of about eight 
or ttn pound weight should be used for 
practice. Select a quality with a good, 
tirm surface, slightly grained, but not 
rough. Avoid soft papei a and those hav- 
ing a sleek, glosgy surface ; they are not 
tit for practice, no matter how high they 
may be in price. 

Having laid in a supply of the above.we 
are now ready for practice, and conse- 
quently want to know what position to use 
and how to gain control over the muscles 
of the right ai'm, in order that the ideal- 
istic forms pictured out in the mind may 
be truthfully reproduced on paper. 

There are two ways of holding the pen, 
both good and used by many expert flour- 
ishers, and therefore 1 do not pretend to 
say which is the better of the two, but 
will leave it entirely to the discretion of 
the student, suggesting that he try both 
and adopt the one that appears the more 
natural or with which he can produce the 
best results. The outline drawing shows 
the one I use. The other having already 
been illustrated in these columns many 
times, it would be superfluous for me to 
introduce it here. 

By referring to the drawing you will 
observe that the pen is held between the 
thumb and first and second fingers The 
thumb being bent slightly outward at the 

Photo- Engraved from Original Executed by M. B. Moore, Morgan, Ky, 

grades, but the movements differ in p 
mary, intermediate and advanced grad 
as will be seen by our next. 

TIte PorlraltN on American Bank- 
It would perhaps be difficult to tell 
whether the frequency of circulation or 
the value of the note determined the rela- 
tive esteem in which our Congress held 
the various men whose faces appear on our 
National currency. The following list 
tells what portraits are on the different 
notes: On United States — $1, Washington; 
$2. Jefferson; $5, Jackson; $10. Webster; 
$20, Hamilton; f.50, Franklin; $100, Lin- 
coln; $500, General Mansfield; $1000, De 
Witt C'Hnton; $5000, Madison; $10,000, 
Jackson. On silver C€rtificates — $10, Rob- 
ert Morris; $30, Commodore Decatur; $50, 
Edward Everett; $100, James Monroe; 
$500, Charles Sumner; $1000,W. L. Marcy. 
On gold notes— $20, Garfield; $50, Silas 
Wright; $100, Thomas H. Benton; $500, 
A. Lincoln; $1000, Alexander Hamilton; 
$5000, James Madison; $10,000, Andrew 
Jackson. — Ckrhtiun at Worl-. 

The Journal is great, and has the support 
of the entire wTiting profession. It still stands 
at the head of the Ust as the leading penman- 
ship publication in America. There is no double 
ing'this fact, and there is no use in suppressing 
tho truth. — Writing Teacher, Bichmond, Va. 

fully represented by pure flourishing alone, 
it can, in connection with a little pen-draw- 
ing, be made to represent any animal or 
bird so completely that no one need be in 
doubt as to what class it belongs, and the 
effect is most beautiful when the subject is 
well rendered As an embellishment it 
may be used around lines of lettering in 
engrossed designs, for borders around de- 
signs, in connection with pen-drawing, &c., 
with very pleasing results. 

These are only a few of the uses to which 
flourishing may be applied, and, to say 
nothing of its value to the student who 
wishes to become a professional penman, 
in adding grace and beauty to his pro- 
fessional writing, should justify any one in 
mastering this branch of pen art. 

In learning any art the first great req- 
uisite is good materials, without which 
we cannot hope to obtain the best results. 
Next we want to know how best to use 
them in order to attain the object in view. 
The former is easily supplied, as good 
pens, ink and paper are now placed upon 
the market at prices within the reach of 
all. But the latter will require more time 
and the student have u L'ood supply 

lid at. 

nold's Japan ink. diluted with a little of 
Arnold's writing fluid to make it flow, is 
decidedly the best ink with which I am 

first joint, just about the same iis when it 
and the ends of the first two fingers 
allowed to drop together in their natural 
position. In making heavy >(inkps nr 
shades the pressure is imparti'l i" ihi pin 
by a slight action of the thumii ii-^ 1>> :> 
downward pressure of the IkiihI, whi'h is 
gradually relaxed as the shiidi- riucrges 
into a hidr-line, which requires very little 
or no pressure at all, the weight of the 
fingers and thumb being sufficient to 
keep the holder firmly in place. The third 
and fourth fingers should be well curved 
in toward the palm of the hand, the end 
of the little finger being seen just a little 
forward of the second joint of the thumb. 
The whole arm movement being used, the 
hand rests only on the side of the little 
finger, from first joint to tip of nail. In 
some cases the finger-rest cannot be used 
on account of blotting the shaded strokes, 
and then the rest is extended to the hjiml, 
on the under side, near the wrist. In 
making designs it is often necessary to u'-r 
no rest at all, save that of the pen's point 
as it glides over the paper, which requires 
a very delicate sense of touch in order to 
prevent the pen from hanffins in the 
paper, which might cause scTiun- riMilts. 
A flat-topped table is gfuir;ill.\ pn f- rr.^i, 
and the student should sitsquiLn l\ in fnnit 
of it, with the body erect, slL'liti\ iiidiu 
ing forward from the hips, and the fet-t 
flat on the floor, the weight of the body 
being thrown upon the left arm. 

es for practice are 
eparate piece show- 
ing bow easily they may be applied in the 
formation of a finished design. In prac- 
ticing, always turn the paper to suit the 
dircclion of the stroke. This is skillfully 
done with the left hand, the right hand 
remaining in one position, having a range 
of five or six inches, th" point of the pen 
being on a line nearly at right angles with 
front edge of table, at center of body, 
wlicn roramcncingpn exercise and moving 
off gniduiilly to the right. The ambitious 
student should become thoroughly ac- 
quainted with the muscular apparatus of 
the ri"ht arm. He should study every 
little aelicncy of action or variation of 
motion, so that when a perfect stroke or 
exercise is made he may be able to repeat 
precisely the same action of the muscles in 
his next effort, and so long as he can do 
tins the result will be exactly the same, 
and by a continual repetition a habit of 
tlie correct way will soon be found which 
will enable him to produce the beautiful, 
graceful strokes with seeminglv no effort 
at nil. 

In making the heads of birds and also 
the liuLshing touches and filling-in strokts 
Hie ))iu i.s held in the ordinary position 
ffir writing, the forearm or finger move- 
ments being used as the case may require. 
Of course these can also be made with the 
flourishing position, but the writing posi- 
tion is often more convenient. Very small 
work, such as flourished cards, &c., may 
often be executed to good advantage with 
the forearm movement, holding the pen in 
the flourishing position. 

To the student who wishes to make 
the most of his time I would say by uU 
means subscribe for all the penmen's 
papers you can, read everything you can 
get hold of on the subject and study all 
the designs that appear, endeavoring to 
find out just what it is that produces the 
greatest ariistic effect, &c. Not only 
tliis, but you should avail yourself of a 
number of original designs fresh from the 
pen of some of our leading flourishers. 
They will possess a charm and artistic 
effect not found in the engraved ones, and 
will add new inspiration to your efforts. 
Don't be a mere copyist, but branch out 
!iud originate new designs for yourself. 
By studying the works of the masters you 
will gain ideas from each which will en- 
ableyou to miike new designs entirely differ- 
ent from any of them. Combine study 
with practice and practice with study, 
which is the only sure way of becoming 
thoroughly conversant with the subiect in 

Every student should possess a large 
scritp-book, and considerable pride should 
be taken in adorning its pages with a great 
variety of fine specimens. 

Only a few exercises and examples for 
practice have been given in this lesson. 
They were all made off-hand on one sheet 
with the exception of the separate design, 
and are no better than you can soon be 
able to do by applying yourself diligently 
to the work. There are many other ex- 
ercises that should be practiced. You 
will find them scattered about in the 
various works on penmanship. Search 
for them— it will do you good, and you will 
run across many valuable pointers in look- 
ing them up. 

In practicing you are not expected to 
make nil of the exercises on one sheet. 
Take them up in the order in wbich they 
lire given and make one or two sheets of a 
single exercise, &c., before attempting 
another. Stnke out with boldness aud 
perfect confidence, so that you can later on 
make them all on one sheet nearly or quite 
as good as when practicing them sepa- 
rately. Many designs are spoiled from a 
mere lack of confidence. Go to work on 
H design wilh just as much confidence as 
you would have in making a simple 
exercise on u scrap of paper, and you will 
come out with a better design in every 
case than you would if you were afrnid of 
spoiling it at every stroke. The execution 
of flourished cards is an excellent pmctic r 
and will af once cultivate a very ddicatc 
sense of touch and a fine taste for designing. 
Any one wlio will carefully follow the 
suggestions roughly mapped out in this 
lesson will in due course of time become 
master of the beautiful art of off-hand 

Prom W. H. Wright & Sons, a leading 
mercantile firm in Ogden, Utah: "Please 
send us 10 gross of Ames' Best Pens.'' 
Tliis is the outcome of a little trial order 
sent shortly before. It is the same story 
all down the line. 

The Penman's JoLTtNAi, is a work of art. 
Aside from t>eing the organ of the iut«rest6 of 
iioixl pemuansliip, its mechunical work is of the 
l«st. and includes a laree number of oricmal 
designs.— rAc Bu4get, Marsfoille,CaL 

Special Writing-Teacher 

Editor of The Jo 

In response to your rcpiest respecting 
the list of towns emjiloying special writ- 
ing-teachers, already given in The Joub- 
N.\L. I mi^ht add that I find the report of 
the Commissioners of Education very in- 
complete on that branch, for by taking 
only four or five counties of Ohio, where 
I have been acquainted with that line of 
work, I can mention Ohcrlin, Elysia, 
Berca, Wellington. Clyde. Jlonroeville, 
Tiffin and Mansfield, all of which have 
employed special writing-teachers within 
the last three years, and some regularly 
for years; yet the reports say nothing 
about it I venture the assertion that 
there are more towns in Ohio alone em- 
ploying special writing-teachers than the 
entire list given. 

I am not familiar with the other States. 
The teacher here is W. H. Carrier, who 
receives |800, instead of $000, as given. 
At Detroit the teacher is Profpssoi Lyon, 
who receives somewhere between »t300 
and 111500. 

W. A. Moulder. 

Adrian, Mich., Husinfss College. 

Editor op The Jodrnax,: 

I know of but three cities in California 
employing special teachers of writing 
regularly, although these, and others as 
well, have special teachers of drawing or 
music, or both. The towns indicated are 
Oakland, salary |;1500; Stockton, $1250; 
Los Angeles, $1125. 

L. B. Lawbon. 

Los Aiigeles, Cat. 

Miss Sarah Frank.special writing-teacher 
in the public schools of Carthage. Mo., 
writes that, so far as she is informed, no 
other city in that State employs a special 

Editor op The JorRN-u,: 

The salary paid the superintendent of 
writing in the Cleveland, Ohio, public 
schools has never, to my knowledge, been 
as low as $750, as reported in the March 
issue of The Journal, but has ranged 
from $1500 to $2000 per- school year (40 
weeks). Respectfully, A. A. Clark. 

Clevdand, Ohio, June 1. 

nd GladBloiic. 

All the most prominent New York papei-s 
have noticed the beautiful albums engrossed 
in The Journal office for presentation to 
Messrs. Pai-nell and Gladstone respectively. 
Tne following is from the Daily Neivs ; 

The joint resolutions pa^ed by the Senate 
and Pm-uellupon 
his eomplttf rindication from the charges of 
the Loiid'iTi TiDi.-H and for having had Mr. 


sfniL'^!'- (■'■!■ home 

I>eiiiuaii aixl <-x|><'ti~ im [<• ni 

I'lii-liifi 1 )'iiiiel T 

Albany (or sikikHim.- i-. 

Legislature. Thuy ni-- .ii i 

one of wbich willguluilh,, 

The albums are biiujnl i 

silv(?r i>r) til.' r.i\ci, 'I Im 

M_n-M,„.j uork is 

.iMi-.ri,iii;,,i iimny 

J. p. Loftus, Carbondalu, Pa., writes : 
" Engrossed copy of charter received. I con- 
sider it the acme of penmanship." Mr. Loftus 
ncloses a complimentary notice from the Car- 
bondale U-ader. 

• by Ri-chert-lio Pei 


a shoemaker 
making for 

Dean Stanley ^ent a note 
about a pair of shoes that \ 
him, and the writing was so bad that the 
.-^hoeniakiT ctiiildn't make it out. So he 
returned the note to the dean, with a note 
of his own saying that he was "un- 
accustomed to the chirography of the 
higher cla-sses," and asked for a translation. 

The price of "Amos' Compendium " is 
$5. Its worth to pen artists is incalcula- 
ble. We send it as a free special premium 
to the sender of a club of ten subscribers 
at $1 each, with regular premium. We 
make a special combination price of $0 for 
the "Ames' Compendium " and the "New 
Spencerian Compendium" (price $7.50), 
saving the purchaser $3.50. 

The consumption of lead-pencils in this 
country is estimated at $250,000 a day. 
This is at the rate of one per day to every 
200 population, or about 7a.000.000 a 

bfioztiuxMb ^cpaztvncni. 

All matter intended for t?ii« department 
{inducing n/iort-hand exchanges) nhould he 
tmt to MrH. L. B. Packard, 101 Ea^t 23rf 
gtrcft, AVir Tork. 

Speed at the Wrong End. 

Nothing' is more unfortunate — we hud 
ftlmost said more Americao— than the 
habit of UD thoroughness. It ia particu- 
larly so in mattere of learning. The habit 
of unthorougUuess comes through the prac- 
tice of unthoroughness, and the practice 
comes often through an honest desire to 
achieve rapidly. The same individual who 
never has time to eat, who eets off and on 
the street-cars when in motion, who lets 
his shoes go without blacking because he 
•'hasn't time just now," and who never 
reads an article or paragraph in the paper 
through— this is he (or she) who grows to 
be slovenly in work and inconsequent in 
action— who cannot see the sente in being 
' • so awfully particular about little things, " 
and who, as a sure consequence, must fail 
in big things. 

These remarks apply with peculiar force 
to the learner of stenography, and recog- 
nize the false notion which some learners 
have concerning speed. No doubt speed 
is desirable, to a certain point essential, 
but speed is not everything, and there may 
be a sort of speed that does not deserve the 
name; that kind, for instance, in short- 
hand that is too rapid to be read. There 
are students in short-hand who can write, 
by the watch, from 125 to 150 words a 
minute, and yet cannot read more than 15 
or 20 words a minute. That is unfortu- 
nate, and in the cool, unbiased opinion of 
an employer would be a serious detriment 
to progres.s. if not to salary and continuity. 
The trouble with such students generally 
is that they get tlieir speed at the wrong 
fiid. lu order to secure rapid reading it 
is of the first importance that correct forms 
he made — forms that mean some exact 
tiling, not anv one of a dozen things; 
forms that can be read as far as possible 
without reference to their "connection." 
A vivid memory and good guessing pow- 
ers are valuable helps to a stenographer, 
and even the ability to substitute other 
words for the main thought may be appre- 
ciated; but these do not make the cerhatim 
writer, nor can they atone for the lack of 
litfrcl rendering. 

All of which is to say that the rule for 
the beginner in short-hand is to mak^ h^ste 
slowly at the start, in order to make haste 
rapidly in the long run. The slovenly 
habit of making doubtful forms, relying 
upon memory or '"gumption" to su iply 
the doubt, should be strenuously resisted 
by the beginner, even if permitted by the 
teacher. Those pupils who quickest and 
most surely attain speed in short-hand are 
thev who never conclude that they have 
irritteii anything unless they can read it. 

Girls to the Front. 

The class in stenography and type- 
writing of the General Society of Mechan- 
ics and Tradesmen of the City of New- 
York offered for graduation, at their rooms 
in East Sixteenth street, on Friday even- 
ing, June 7, thirty bright young ladies. 
The occasion was a joyful one, and the 
limited space was paoked like a box of 
sardines, the very doors and windows 
being crammed. The ventilation was — 
suffocation, and yet it did not interfere 
with the "good time." There were ad- 
dresses by .Tuilge Shannon, General But- 
terfield, Mra. Martha J. Lamb, Mr. S. S. 
Packard and President Robert Rutter; 
and salutatories, and valedictories, and 
class histories and poems by the young 

Besides ibis mixed programme there were 
exhibitions of proficiency in short-hand 
and type-writing under the inspiration of 
the teacher, Mr. W. L. Mason, in which 
the graduates distinguished themselves. 

After this there wa.i a private discussion 
of ice-cream and cake in one of the upper 
rooms, and general jollity along the line. 
It was remarked by The Jourkal com- 
missioner that the young ladies were par- 
ticularly bright in their appearance, and 
that their part in the programme was ad- 
mirably performed. It was stated by Mr.. 
Mason that a large number of the gradu- 
ates were already in places, and most of 
the others were "spoken for." The Gen- 
eral Society should be congratulated, not 
less than the " sweet girl graduates." 

A Western editor thus comes to the de- 
fense of the type-writer girl: " She may 
chew gum, but she never dallies with 
tobacco nor toys with the sequent lurking 
in the wine-glass. In these respects her 
superiority over her male competitor is 
palpably evident. She never indulges in 
draw poker nor high-low-jack, therefore 
she can work for a smaller salary than a 
male and save more,too. The proprietor 
swears the office boy doesn't whistle as 
much as before the advent of the type- 
writer girl." 

Short-Hand and the B. E. A. of A. 

The considerable attention elicited by 
the "School of Short-hand" at the last 
session of the Business Education Asso- 
ciation, held at Minneapolis, gives encour- 
agement to the hope that during the 
coming meeting at Cleveland further ad- 
vances will be made in methods of in- 
stniction, and toward a consensus of opinion 
as to the work of teaching and of utilizing 
the art of short-hand. 

It is to be hoped that the same policy 
will be pursued as last year in subor- 
dinating ' ' systems " of phonography to the 
general question in which the teachers of 
all systems are interested. A good deal of 
experience has been had during the past 
year, and those who have had it should 
give their co workers the benefit of it. We 
have heard of a teacher who thinks it very 
unbusiness like to give away to one's com- 
petitors the secrets upon which he relies 
to "lay them out." Of course that 
teacher will not be represented at the Cleve- 
land meeting, but the other need not stay 

A young man asks if he can learn "« 
little phonography— ^w«( enough to tetich it 
— in two months." 

A lady, recently left a widow, wishes to 
learn phonography, "not to take a thor- 
ough course, but merely to be able to re- 
port sermons and lectures." 

A teacher of phonography in a rural 
" business college " was asked if he was a 
practical phonographer. "Oh, no," said 
he, "I never studied it until I began to 
teach it. I just keep a lesson or two 
ahead of the class, so they won't catch 
me. I am always prepared." 

To €ouut tbe Wordit ou Ihe Typp- 

A telegraph operator in Minneapolis has 
invented a word-counting machine, which 
may be used by itself or attached to a 
type-writer. It is much the same as a 
pedometer, only more accurate. It is as 
large as a sm:ill clock. The works are in- 
side the nickel case, on one side of which 
is the face. The machine will count up to 
3500 words, and can be used for any num- 
ber by keeping tally of the number of 
times it passes the 2500 mark. There are 
two hands, like the hour and second hand 
of a watch. Every time a word on the 
typewriter is finished the same motion 
which spaces for the word registers on the 
word counter. When the second-hand 
counts up to twenty-five words the large 
baud moves forward a quarter of a space. 
The face is divided into twenty-five spaces, 
one for each hundred words, and a glance 
at it shows at once how many words have 
been written. 

The use of the word counter is not lim- 
ited to type-writing machines, but it can 
be used in writing and in dictation by 
keeping it at hand and making a slight 
pressure at the end of each word. Some 
operators attach it to their desks and work 
it with a string fastened to their feet. It 
is a useful invention, especially in teleg- 
raphy and in making an article of a 
specified length 

What Shall We Call Them r 

The oracular Trihvnf\iii& been wrestling 
with the " type-writer" and " type- 
writist " problem, and has come to the 
conclusion that the work done by the 
type-writer operator should be known here- 
after as a " typoscnpt;" that the machine 
shall be called "graphotype," and that 
the red-headed girl shall continue, as she 
has begun, to be only a "type-writer." 
The difficulty has been, up to this time, 
that the girl and the machine have been 
too much mixed, and as no type-writing 
instrument can truthfully be called a "girl" 
and as no self-respecting girl will submit 
to be called a "machine," some recog- 
nized distinction was imperatively de- 
manded. The Tribune has done a benef- 
icent work, and we congratulate the 
'■type- writers." 

The name of any one who shall send a cor- 
rect transcript of "Lichens and Mosses," 
on the next page, to Mrs. L. H Packard, 
101 East Twenty-third street. New York, 
will be printed in the next issue of The 


= \ 

Exercise for Practice. 

[Words inclosed In parenttieses are to be Joloed 
in ptiraaes. The more Infrequent of the con- 
tractions and words out of position are itali- 

Never ask (for your) serinces more, and 
never accept (for them) less, than (they 
are) actually worth. (If you) demand 
more compensation than (you arc) (rapnhh- 
oft earning (you will) either not be en- 
gaged (at all) or (will be) dismissed (as 
soon as) (someone) (can be) found (to take 
your) place. (If you) accept (less than) 
(you know) your experience and ability 
(ought to) command, (you will) throw 
(out of) employment (some one else) (who 
is) only (capahlf of) earning a small salary. 
Most business men who demand skillful 
services are able (to pay) (for them). (On 
the other hand), (there are) certain firms 
who cannot afford (to pay) high salaries. 
(For the sake of) economy the latter are 
willing to accept less competent labor. 
Positions (of this kind) should therefore 
be reserved (for those) whose capacity is 
oniy sufficient (to fill) them. A man whose 
business is /rurije and time consequently 
valuable (will not) cavil about a few dol- 
lara a week (when he has) (to decide) 
between a skillful and an unskillful em- 
ployee. But (when the) skilled artisan 
wilt iicrept the salary (of the) unskilled 
the employer (does not) hesitate (to avail) 
himself of (such an) opportunitij, (and the) 
bread is thus taken (out of the) mouths (of 
those) whose workmanship is estimated (on 
a) lower scale. 

Never chat during business hours R*-- 
immher that although (you may not be) 
occupied (at the time, ) others (in the) office 
(with you) are, and your conversation (will 
be) (very likely) (to disturb) them. Em- 
ploy your leisure hours in reading or study 
and (you will) be surprised (to see) (how 
much) (you can) thus add (to your) stock 
of knowledge. 

Be as ladylike (in an) ofl!ice (as you) 
(would be) (in a) |)arlor; and (above all 
things) avoid unA\xe fa miliar iti/ (with the) 
clerks (with whom) (you may be) asso- 
ciated. Treat them always with kindness 
and be ever ready (to do) them a favor, 
but reniember that familiarity breeds con- 
tempt. The dign^ped and refined manners 
(of the) young ladies who first entered the 
different kinds of business awakened re- 

spect and made a place (for others,) (Do 
not) (by your) careless behavic 
offices destroy the good opinions (whicfr 
have) thus been earned. 

(Do not) receive letters or social calls (at ' 
your) (place of business.) Although (you 
may have) leisure (for this purpose), such "* 
calls will probahbj (be an) annoyance (to . ( 
those) (with whom (you are) associated (in * " 
business.) (In a) printing office or (in a) 
mnnufactory, at noon, business ceases (and 
the) employees are given an hour for lunch, ,^ 
but in most offices where ladies are em- ^ • 
ployed the machinery of business con- 
tinues all day. (Some of the) employees i 
(must be) constantly (at their) desks, and 
(it is necessary) (that there) (should be) do A 
disturbance or interruption, and that quiet 
and order should always be preserved. IK 

Never (use the) telephone (for your) w 
personal business, except in cases of ab- 
solute necessity. (You may be) alone (in 
the) office (of your) employer, (and a) 
little chat (with a) friend (through the) 
telephone (may not,) (at that time.) in- 
terfere (in the) slightest degree (with the) 
interests (of your) employer, but what (do 
you know) (of the) engagements (of the) 
young lady at (the other) end (of the) 

To most young women (in business) the 
advice (we have) given above is entirely 
unnecessary. The good (common sense) 
and judgment displayed by most (of them) 
is proverbial, but (to the) few who 
through thoughtlessness are (in the habit) 
of snhjecting their employers (to these) 
annoyances, a few hints (of this kind) 
(will be) useful. 

The fact that employers (do not) com- 
plain of anything (of this kind) (is not) a 
proof (that they are) satisfied. Most (of 
them) dislike exceedingly to find fault 
(with the) refined and ladylike girls (in 
their) employ, and (rather than) do this 
will either bear these annoyances in 
silence or, (which is) more often the case, 
conclude (to dismiss) the young woman in 
fault and hire a young man, 

(If all) employers would take the same 
course as one (of whom) I recently heard, 
who requested a young lady (in his) em- 
ploy not (to received, (at his) office, calls 
from young lady friends, such sit/fgestions 
(would not be) necessary. But untortu- 
nately (this is) very seldom the case. 

(We do not) mean by these remarks (to 
imply) that young ladies generally (are not) 
quite as business-like and quite as trust- 
worthy as young men. (On the other 
hand), the statement (that they arei far 
more trustworthy than young men ha.s //■«;- 
quently been made by employers. (For 
this reason), (my dear) girls, (I want) you 
(to keep) up the record. (We do not) feel 
responaihU (for the) conduct (of the) young 
men; but (we must) rememhtT (that the) 
employment of women (has not) yet in 
popuUir estimation ceased (to be) an ex- 
periment, and (that the) niintakes made by 
a few are recorded against us all. 

A man who at some time had (in his) 
employ a giddy girl (who was) (in the 
habit) of spending her leisure time in chat- 
tiig(with thel clerks can never be con- 
vinced (that this is not) the common habit 
(of all) women (in business) unless pre- 
viously (he hud) employed one who (had 
been) a valuable assistant. 

(If a) young man (in his) employ proves 
troublesome or incompetent, he dismisses 
him and employs another. Women (have 
not), in popular estimation, reached the 
heights where they (can be) considered as 
individuals. (We have) not yet attained 
(to the) dignity of having our work esti- 
mated (as that) of Ellen, Sarah or Jane. 
We still belong (to the) ioconglomerate 
mass called " women " and must stand and 
fall together. 

(When the) standard of womanhood (has 
been) raised, when (we have) advanced (to 
such a) position (that we) (may be) judged 
OS individuals, then the responsibilities 
which rest upon our shoulders (will be) 
lighter; but u,nder present conditions, and 
in every act (of our) lives, let us all reinem- 
her that on (each of us) rests the responsi- 
bility of sustaining the dignity (of all.)— 
Busiiiess Woinan^s Journal. 

[A phonographic transcript of tbe above will 
oe mailed to any subscriber wbo sends a 
stamped and superscribed envelope to Airs. L. 
H. Packard, 101 East Twenty-third street, New 

VKi »l<>ri;\ VI, 

&Mu y)aWi). 


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Methods of Teaching Writing. 

Editoh of Thk Journal: 

With reference to tbe "work of " peo- 
maiisbip" in our citj, I am pleased to 
note tlint we arc gradually uiakia;; progress. 
This progress is due partly to the earnest 
nem aud zeal manifested by the teachers 
in general, because they understand tbe 
importance of good writing, and have 
realized that children can be taught to ac- 
ijuire an easy, graceful movement along 
with a reasonably correct form. It has 
been my experience to notice that the best 
results in writing have been produced 
where the teachers have given this subject 
their careful attention and insisted upon 
the requisites for good writing, rather 
Ihiiii allowing tbe pupils to write in a 

We begin with children in the first giade, 
who work with slate and pencil exclu- 
sively, on the easy exercises in whole-arm 
and muscular movement, lead-pencils not 
being used at all. This practice is kept 
up till satislactory results are given. 
Then they are taught the elements and 
principles with their combinations. After 
they have become fully acquainted with 
tliese they are given the letters of the 
alphabet, beginning with the small ones 
and ending with the capitals. All this is 
done with careful attention to position, 
form and movement. This covers the 
work for one year. The second year they 
are given«))en and ink, and are subjected 
to tbe same kind of drill as in the first 
grade, on practice-paper which is provided 
for them, but for a less length of time, 
usually for about two months. Copy-books 
are then introduced and are used during 
tbe remainder of the year, with frequent 
exercises on practice-paper. Tbe work is 
similar in ail the higher grades. I find 
that one of tbe secrets of success is earnest- 
ness on tbe part of the teachers, who are 
careful that tbe pupils begin right and 
maintain the eame discipline throughout. 


Snperijitendent of Writing in the Public 
SchooU of East Saginaio, Mick. 

Editob of Thk Joitrnal: 

There are five school buildings in this 
city, thirty-two school-teachers and an en- 
rollment of about 1400 pupils. We have 
a commercial course which extends over a 
period of two years, during which time 
classes are taught in book-keeping, short- 
hand, type-writing, commercial law and 
political economy. As I represent the 
entire teaching force in this department 
it will be readily understood why the 
greater part of my time is taken from the 
special work of teaching writing. The 
afternoon session only, which is a half- 
hour shorter than tbe forenoon, is devoted 
to giving instruction in writing. This 
enables mo to visit all the rooms in the 
central building, of the fourth to eighth 
grades inclusive, twice each week, md 
give a lesson of twenty minutes. Writing 
is not taught in the high-school room, but 
those wishing instruction have the priv- 
ilege of coming into the commercial room 
for a lesson twice a week. On Friday 
afternoon two of the branch buildings are 
visited. The other two are only visited 
occasionally, as the pupils are all below 
the fourth grade and do not use pen and 

The teachers in charge of rooms where 
writing is taught are required to teach it 
on days not taught by me. They receive 
no special instruction from me for this 
work, but remain in the room during the 
time the lesson is being given by me. This 
lesson consists of two parts — first, a con- 
cert drill on tracing or extended -move- 
ment excrcise.s, special attention being paid 
to position and movement; second, special 
atteution is given to the formation of some 
particular letter, word or sentence, owing 
to the stage of the work, with individual The work of this K'.-,suu is done 
on practice-paper from copy on board. 
The teacher in charge the following day is 
required to open the lesson with the same 
movement drill that was given the day be- 
fore. After using these exercises a few 
minutes on practice-paper the teacher re- 
quires the pupil to write the copy proper 
in blank wnting-books made for this pur- 

As to results, they have been in the 
main quite satisfactory. Many of the 
pupils write legibly SO to 40 words per 
minute. However, I think much better 
work could be done had I more time at 
my disposal for this work. I think the 
use of pen and ink should begin one or 
two grades lower at least, and that the 
high-school pupils sbovild all be required 
to write during their entire course. 

W. H. Carrier, 
Superintendent of Writing in the Puhiu- 

Schools of Adrian, Mieh. 

Editor of The Journal: 

We commence our work with slate and 
peucil when the child enters the school. 
We work with ruled lines, giving the 
child form and movement combined. Cbil 
dren enter our schools at five years of age. 
It is wonderful how soon their little minds 
grasp the idea of how to write. Much 
stress is put upon a correct position of 
body and hand. At the close of ten 
months they have mastered all the small 
and capital letters, and can write their 
reading lessons upon slate without copy. 

Second year, pen and ink. A practice- 
book for small letters is used. During this 
year they have learned thoroughly all 
small and capital letters and do sentence 
work, teachers putting all letters on the 
blackboard for puj>ils to copy. In this 
way every lesson is discussed and all points 
drawn out. Tbe general work, as well as 
the copy-books, are examined by me, 
Once a week I give a lesson in every room 
in the city. Throughout the schools all 
of the work is carefully examined and 
corrected; thereby uniform results are pos- 
sible and are obtained to a remarkable de- 
gree. Movement as well as form is insisted 
upon. A room of from forty to fifty 
pupils all moving and in the most perfect 
position is our daily work. Teachers are 

*.ut, herself an excellent 

The following relating to the work of 
one of the great masters of the penman- 
ship profession is taken from the Wash- 
ington, D. C, Press: 

Prof. H. C. Spencer, of the Washington 
Business College, has instituted during 
the present school year a remarkable re- 
form in the matter of systematic writing 
in the public schools. It consists in es- 
tablishing at the outset of the child's 
educational life a course of exercise of tbe 
muscular system of the body, arms, wrist 
and fingers" that will lead to the most per- 
fect results in all subsequent stages of the 
educative process. Professor Spencer says 
that the imperfection of training of the 
arm and fingers can generally be traced to 
the first year of school life, and that if 

ing it; then the uses of the band, gently 
closing the band, fingers i est ing on thV 
palm; opening the hand outward, repeat- 
ing the motion many times; moving the 
fingers, one at a time; unclosing the large 
or middle finger, all pupils at once. Then 
a few minutes' practice in tracing large 
ovals with the upper end of the pencil 
in free sweeping motion of the arm, first 
toward the body, then the reverse; tracing 
small ovals, then compound ovals like an 
elongated figure 8; tracing angular forma- 
tions like letter u, turned formations like 
letter m, ovals like 0, loops like I and c. 

The practice and development of arm 
and finger muscles are more important than 
the mere formation, says the Professor, iis 
be watches the interesting scene. 

Mr. Spencer is enthu8i;istic over tbe suc- 
cess of the experiment of this radical sys- 
tem thus far, and says that great improve- 
ment in the actual writing which follows 

College [Photo-Engraved). 

what ia called a " bad habit " gets a firm 
hold of the manual organism of a child in 
and during a whole first year of school 
life it is very difficult to correct or reform 
the habit and replant correct principles of 
manual training after uprooting the evil 
manner of working at the penman's art. 

Now, he has volunteered entirely with- 
out compensation to do a noble work for 
the benefit of the schools by commencing 
at the foundation of the system of public 
education. How is it being accomplished? 
Some months ago he assumed the direc- 
tion of the instruction of the first grade 
children in the Franklin Schoul Building. 
Later, about forty-five normal students 
from the Magruder Building commenced 
meeting at tlie Spencerian College rooms 
for special instruction and drill in the 
fundamental principles of physical train- 

arm drills and tracing is noticeable in all 
the practice classes. 

The result of the course of instruction 
above described will be the thorough 
preparation of nearlv 90 teachere of fir>.t 
and second so:n ^Hiohir" upxt year by a 
sysL^m of inl nMlurin, v |tr:irf ic.-; uuiforui 
in its piirp.i.r, an. I ^^l,l.■l, ■■■iM liavr !>nt ont- 
geufntl rcsuh, llir < nf .-unv.I 
habits of wriuiif; :uul Uit- fultivatiou uf 
that wonderful instrument, the human 
hand, to highly artistic uses. A very iiu- 

Sortant result gained by this system of 
rill muveracnts is the habit of obedience 
to command it begets in the class, grad- 
ually growing into the character, uncou- 
sciously to the pupil, perhaps, but event- 
ually crystallizing, as it were, into a quality 
conducive to the discipline and good order 
of a acbool. That is what the Professor 

By A. J. Zimmerman, Valparaiso, Ind. {Photo-Engraved). 

all zealous, enthusiastic workers in this 
branch. If we get a teacher who, when 
she enters our schools, does not like this 
branch of work, before she has been with 
us long she will be right to the front, most 
enthusiastic of all. A pleasant spirit of 
emulation prevails and each tries to see 
who will do best in her respective grade. 
Copies are all put upon blackboard, which 
seems to be a greater incentive to pupils. 
They see the work done, which is mucli 
better than imitating an engraved copy in 
a book, We send out beautiful writers 
from all grades. 

Jennie P. Willis, 
Writing Superintendent in Public Schools 

of Winona. Minn. 

[Accompanying the above was a batch 
of specimens showing the work of pupils 
in all grades. These specimens amply 
attest the claims of proficiency on the 
part of pupils made above, and are ex- 
tremely creditable to the superintend- 

ing to promote the best habits and the 
moat improvement in the practical pur- 
suit of the study of penmanship. 

While these students, who are to gradu- 
ate this year as teachers in the next year's 
schools, are taking this course of prac- 
tical instruction, the Professor is giving 
two similar lessons each week at the 
Franklin and Webster buildings, where 
there are about forty other students study- 
ing the art and philosophy of teaching, 
and daily exemplifying the knowledge and 
ability to impart instruction gained by 
actual teaching in classes of children from 
the first to the fourth year. 

It would be well to "see what Professor 
Spencer is trying to do with the little boys 
and girls — the 6 and 7 year olds — in the 
Franklin Building. The organization of 
the normal jitudents into a corps of ob- 
servation as well as demonstration accom- 
plished, the teacher of methods, with a 
class of fifty first-year pupils seated before 
her, drills them in concerted movements 
of the body in uniform time, bending for- 
ward, rising to an erect position, move- 
ments to the right and left, training the 
arm to describe a circular sweeping motion, 
first in a large circle and gradually reduc- 

and the bright, painstaking teachers 

Ideal Writing for Business. 

A Critique wltb a «*Jonriiul" Spt'il- 

1 for 

, Tel: 

Writing for lusinegs purpoara titouid he. 
legible and rapidly executed. With this end 
in view it is taught icithout shade and with 
as few lines as posaihle without impairing 
Ugihility or ease of ctecution. 

Note.— See cut on title-page of The 
Journal for April, to which it will be 
necessary to refer in order to understand 
the full force of the argument here pre- 
sent it<l. 

For two reasons I seriously object to 
the sentiment quoted above. First, it is 
erroneous and ambiguous. Second, it 
violates its own sentiment. 

No one capable of judging will deuy 
that writing for business purposes or for iiuy 
purpose should be legible. That it should 
necessarily be rapid or rapidly executed 
under every and all conditions is n 
question ebsily settled by competeut 

I am aware that speed is a necessary 
accomplishment in the transaction of 
business to a marked degree, but to go 
daft about it with utter disregard to every- 
thing else is a sin we shall be accused of 
committing by our children. Is it neces- 
sary to have writing one-half the size of 
copy (referred to) to be legible ? I nm 
positive that one-third the size would in- 
crease its legibility and I am very positive 
that it would increase the speed. So we 
justly conclude that size has a marked 
influence both on legibility and speed. 
The larger the writing the less will be the 
speed and the greater the difficulty in ren- 
dering the results legible. The larger the 
writing the more skill is required in pro- 
duction and the greater the time con- 

For these two reasons, then, we justly 
conclude that writing should be small and 
well drawn out to be legible and rapidly 
written, because the space passed over is 
less, requiring less time. The movement 
which produces speed more readily con- 
forms to small than large forms. There is 
no such thing as speed as applied to the 
short letters on a scale of one-eighth of 
an inch. There is no such thing as speed 
where writing is crowded, makmg letters 
like n and v higher than their width.with 
other letters in proportion. 

We object seriously to large writing and 

Is It possil . . 

have introductory and ending lints it'* short 
as found in copy? 

5. Is the loppingofF of seemingly super- 
fluous lines advantageous to rapid execu- 

0. Totheskillful executioner, doesslmde 
prevent the highest rate of speed? 

Keohu\\ lotea. 

rimtil I rauldh 

The editor iuvites comments 
above, the comments to be restricted 
three hundred words. 


A Tyro Seeks Advice. 

That The JonRNAL's readers may be 
led to appreciate the showers of interroga- 
tive letters which have rained vipon nie 
ever since I ceased to pour my soul and 
salary through the Gazette's columns, I 
have thought it a good idea to publish the 
following letter, along with a transcript 
of my repiy. It comes from a young man 
over in Canada, and bears the date of 
May 4, 1889 : 

Friend ScARBOHouGe : A friend of mine 
who bought a sample copy of the Ma(/azine 
when it was tirst startm told me that if I 
really wanted first-class advice on penmanship 
and things I should write to you, inclosing a 
one-cent stamp, and you would 911 the bill. He 
said you would give me all the admonition and 
capital exercises I would ueed to pull thr ' 

pulp and drain your mental reservoir he knew 
your head was fairly bursting with new ideas, 
and that you would gladly pour them into a 
hungry mmd for the asking. 

t. Do you think I can ever master vritlng 
sufficient)^ to teach it ? 

from P^iive or Isaacs; but a 
the desired foi-id into youi 

ivy tobacco, the extract of which I 
discover about the head-lines of your letter. 

ought to get rid of the stub-pen habit and chew 
hemlock Bark as a substitute for the stupefying 
navy plug. 

In replying to your second question, I should 
say the most objectionable featm-e I notice in 
your writing is the ink yod use, which smells 
like a paste-pot on Monday momiup. Why 
don't you use bluing? You will find it Sows 
t>ett€J-'and will prove much mini? j.k'asaut to 
your correspondents tliaii the IVlnl <inicoction 
you are using. Thtii' ai-' a iVw r^di.r minor 
faults I detect by tht':iiii lit a powiTtuI mioro^ 
scope. For instance, your ('•; ri:-S(-uiljlu a cou- 
vention of stauding tadpoles, and your small 
rf's remind me of seme East Indiail wai'-clubs 
I saw in a dime museum some time ago. Yom- 
language will be just as strong if you use 
smaller tVit. Then your /'.t are a trifle out of 
plmub. The one you use at the beginning of 
your letter is very much like a link of tough- 
skinned sausage when the butcher smites its 
middle with a dull axe. and the two ends turn 
up and bark at each other. And, again, why 
do you persist in sharpening your m\ causing 
such words as " monument"' to look Uke a mile 
of picket^fencei 

The third question is a hard one to answer. 
If you glance down the bridge of your 

Is the wart movable or stationai^'? If movable 

call it, in back-hand writing. I would sug- 
«st many more methods of utiliziug the wart, 

law sends him for li\ 

Points for Penmen. 

— The stCTiographeiv at Washington have 
been kept so busy since March 4 that quite a 
number make seventy dollars a week, 

-A flue exhibit of Washington autographic 

— The (ii-st thiJig t 

Sub-lYeasury on Wall street. It will take 
fourteen experts twenty-one days to do the 
work, and when they fhiish the task they will 
have handled very close upon two hundred 
million dollars. 

I of the Race Problem." By G. W. Harm 

:ial College, New Orleans iPhoto-Eiii 

will binge another idea later on upon its 
application to copies. 

The pen used in writing determines 
whether it shall be shaded or unshaded. 
It is a conceded fact that a coarse pen is 
preferable to a fine one for general business 
purposes, and so no shade in the sense of 
shading is possible. With a coarse pen 
there is no desire to shade, and hence the 
tea'^hing is simply directing what instru- 
ment should be used. The end is de- 
termined by the meaos. 

It is simply nouseasical to declare that 
with the least number >f lines we get the 
greatest speed. To the uneducated iu 
chirography the large, bold hand, as bare 
of superfluous lines as print, seems won- 
derfully attractive and practical; to the 
skilled penman from the stand-point of busi- 
ness writing it is simply concentrated 
, bosh. Saying one thing and doing an- 
other is cause enough for comment. 

We can have legibility with a far less 
number of lines than has ever been pro- 
posed, but we cannot get esise and rapidity 
of execution without writing smaller, 
without extending the letters and words 
and without having introductory and end- 
ing lines of greater length than prescribed 
by the average printed copy. 


1. Must writing be large to be legible? 

2. Must writing be large to be rapidly 

3. Must writing be crowded to be 
rapidly executed? 

."J. Do you think the wartwhichyou noticeon 
my nasal hunch in the inclosed tiu-tyj)e will 
prove a hamhcap or an auxihary to my prog- 

i. How much salary can a penman get who 
has a deep voice and a full beard? 
5. What style of whiskers would you 

order to keep my nerves perfectly quiet f 

8. How can I best develop both whole-arm 
and muscular niovementl I have several works 
on physical culture, but 1 believe you can tell 

Jerome Burnside. 

After wading through the above jungle 
of miscellaneous questions I was not long 
in concocting the following stirriug and 
pointed reply : 

I advice he would 
r to take the n 
Now, Jerome, i 
aon X give the advice that suits you just return 
it and I will gladly exchange it. Your aues- 
tions are not nard onee. I have answered the 
same questions three hundred times within the 
post SIX months, so you can readily see how I 
can afford to answer them for the' stamp you 
inclose. Had yon departed from the regula- 
tion questions in the slightest degree I would 

hut knowing it to be a personal matter and 
very near to you I desist. 

The salary of a penman is not always fixed 
on the depth of his voice or the width of his 
whiskers, but ofteuer on the extent of his 
family. The deep voice is a good thuig and 
may prove a power in the oiieu-air sale 
of grease eradicators and corn bouncers 
should you ever be called to tliat branch of 
oi-atoiy. The whiskera you may also cultivate 

the penman as the Sowing chin whiskers. 
They make an excellent pen-wiper and maybe 
used in extreme cases to erase the black board. 
Your chin, Jerome, is not suited to this kind 
of hirsute. It does not point at the proper 
angle; it seems to have struck out toward the 
horizon for itself while quite young. A full 

i facetious to call out in dension, " and 

zontel whiskers. 

and will aid you in securing light work at good 
pay, provided you 
thoughtful brain 

pursuing the study of penmanship; 
fast would probably be the best method of 
quieting your nerves. If you have been in the 
habit of taking something of a substantial 
character into yom- system three times per day, 
however, this would prove too great a sur- 
prise to yom' ga-stric pouch. A mixture of red 
clover and baled hay you will find a good nerve 
food. Use wat*r as a "beverage and discard the 
Canadian bay-rum you have heretofore usud. 

-ahd-ink drawing showing Washing- 
ton onliis death-bed surrounded byd'K^t/irs. The 
di'awing is humorously spoken of by art critics. 

one of the doctors is dressed in green and t 
other has jet-black legs. The perapective i 
soriiethtng astonishing. A quaiut inscriptio 
is api>ended. Obtrom. 

A Humerit- Iflannxcrlpl ol Kure Value. 

The explorer of the Fayum, Mr. Petrie, 
has discovered "a splendid fragment of 
the Second Book of tne Iliad, written on 
papyrus in the finest Greek hand, before 
the rounded uncial or cursive script came 
into use. This precious document was 
found rolled up under the head of a 
mummy which was buried simply in the 
saud, without the protection of a tomb. 
It measures apparently from three and a 
half to four feet in length. The date of 
the manuscript is about the second or 
third century. It will be edited by Pro- 


' CoUeye Journal, La 

Pe.nmans Art Journal 

Adcfrtinng rates, 80 cents per nonjHireil 

No advertisements 

Dlallon last year 

Subst^ription : One mar t\ ; one number 10 
n-nts. Nil fret, sitnipies except to bona fide 
nijejits irh'i are s^tb^cribers, to aid them in 

W. H. Horseman, of the Brantford Bttsi- 
ness CoHe^e, Brantford, Otitario, is THE 
JOURNAL'S accredited agent in that city 
and visinity. 

New Tork, Juue, 18 


Lessons In Practical Writing— No, 3 

O. W. Huf. 
Portratta on American Bank-Notes. 

Lesson lo Flourishioff 

M. B. Moore. 

Special Writing Teachers sij 

OverL'ome by R4cherchi Penmanship 83 

Albums for ParnellaQcI Gladstone 83 

Shorthand Department 81-8!> 

Mrs. L. H. Packard. 
Speed at the Wrong End; Girls to the Front; 


t the 1 

tice, &c. 
. . etbod9 f OL _ 
Hint* by Varii 

Ideal Writing for 

) Seeks Ad' 

7 Stiperintendenie U 

Methods for Teaching Writing. 


' H.'Peirce. 

■piuPalhetic Shrtch byA.j'.'Scarborouah. 

i Homeric ManuBoript of Bare Value 8 

tnrroHiAi. Comment 8i 

1 Wishes to Teach ; The 

- - - Revised Pr 

their .Approaching Electing) 

'. Spencer 

ND Personal. 

The Et 
The Et 

Where (oloi-s Come From. 
L Notes; Ju( 


. 90-96 

Q-Holding— Ten Cuts Ulus- 

B. E A. (with Revised Programme of 
their .Approaching Sleet' 
Preferences of 113 Penmen. 

The Penman's Directory. 

" -ND Personal av 

itlr Up the Penmen of the East... 89 

The EDiTOit'aScHAP'UooK .'.'.'.'.....'.'.'. "..'.'. 00 

Where (oloi-s Come From 90 

Edccational Notes; Just fob Fun Bl 


■ Exercises. (M. B. Moore— with 

trattn^ Professor HoH's Writing Le8_- 
Blrd Flourl9h^(M/B! Moore). 

Lesson) ^ 

Phonographic Script (full page) 85 

Complimentary Note. (B.F.Williams), .. 88 
Fancy Alphabet. (A. J. Zimmerman).... 86 
"A Solution of the Race Problem." Hu- 

morous Flourish. (G. W. Hnrman) 87 

Three Sets of Script Capitals— Cut Showing 

Relative Preferences of 112 Penmen. (FT 

CSpencort 68 

tannected Set of Preferred uapitals. (H. C. 

Spencert m 

Bird Flourish and Busiaess Capitals. (C N 

Crandle) gO 

fancy Alphabet. (H. W. Kibbo) 91 


™«iiu i.uiii*j3t, m wnicfl cnose princes of 
flourishers, Moore. Zaner and Schofielti won 
the prizes. Of course each of these artists 
will be represented in the new contest and 
vou may be very sure that each will do his 
lepel best. And then there will be Crandle and 
liabm and Dennis and about all the great pen 
nourishers in America. As before, the cmi- 
petitor is to name his preference for judge of 

it prize, J25, cash. 


i the 

Second prize, JIO, cash. 
Third prize, ■'Ames' Compeudii 

Any prospective competitor wL , „„„^ 

more speLiflc information as to the conditions 
t has only t« writ© us. We shall 

r who may desire 

favor if those who intend ^ 
. All specimeos must 

j.„^.,^.v " ... au uin>i m us. All specimeos n 
be m The Journal office by September 1. 

The king club for the past month comes 
from J. G. Rider, of the Rockford, HI., Busi- 
ness College. It numbers 22 names J R 
Bachtenkireher of the Princeton. Ind., ilni- 
vereity, sends the queen club, numberme 14 
me?i.°P«l"-R ^■- ^- "'iVi^™^. ot the sTcit 
luento, Cal., Business College, is next with ten 
The number of smaller cluXs rfwived during 
tl CT'^'',^}^}}.tlJ'^L^^ -^-on than if 


number of s,il..sormti..iis from this timi to 
September first. This, remember is a soecial 
pnemmm. and dt^ not interfere witfi^S 
uther premium offers that we make ^ 


The Editor of The Joitrnal is fre- 
quently applied to by persons whom be 
has Dever seen or heard of, except through 
casual business correspondence, for indorse- 
trent of their qualihcatioos as penmen and 
teachers. Sometinaes the writers are ap- 
parently well educated and intelligent ; 
sometimes the contrary is the case. In no in- 
stance, however, is the request granted. 
No one's penmanship needs a recomm"nda- 
tion. It speaks for itself, and the person 
always has it at hand ready to show. No 
one can judge accurately of a person's 
teaching qualificatioDs bj a mere letter. 
Many educated people are' totally unfit for 
teaching. We have known, too,' many ex- 
cellent penmen who proved utter failures 
in the school-room. In fact, the mere 
ability to make pretty script forms, unsup- 
ported by other acceQiplishmeuts, is of no 
particular value. The subjoined is a gen- 
uine reply sent a few days ago to a letter 
soliciting a i ecommendation sent us by a 
young man whose really excellent penman- 
ship has been shown in The Journal. 
The letter is only changed enough to 
cover the identity of the person in question : 

Your favor of the 15th inst. to hand and con- 
tents noted. We have had occasion before to 
commend your writing, and we wish you every 
success in the worli Still, we do not feel 
colled upon to give you a recommendation 

teacher, though your writing might have the 
grace and the perfection of the oest copper- 
plate, until you have mastered the spelling of 
simple, expressive, eloquent Anglo-Saxon 

what we have said may l>e 
lu, and wishing you every s 

This is ihe reply— and it fully justifies 
the good opinion we had conceived of the 
young man's integrity of purpose ami nat- 
ural capabilities: 

Your favor of the )fM inst. replying to mv 
letter came to band. 

I am very glad that you wrote ajid that you 
ju>.t told me what I needed yet. I see you arc 
right that 1 have to lem-n spelling and gram- 
mar first before I could teach writing, and I 
feel very thankful for yom- kind advice Well 

I will go to work and study those branches 


there is really no inducement to discuss 
them, positively or comparatively. Any 
one blessed with as much as an eye and an 
inch rule can make his own measurements 
and draw his own conclusions. Besides, 
id engravings. 

The Business Educators' Ap- 
proaching Meeting. 

The approaching convention of the Busi- 
ness Educators' Association of America is 

teachers of the profcs 

Reports of other c 

Reports of chairmen ot sectious. 

New business to be considered, 

.<4rf;oimi to 11. .1{) a.m. 

The several sectioius ^vill meet in the various 
rooms assigned to them on the adjournment of 
the morning session of the general body. 

The outline of Wednesday's proceedings fore- 
shadoivs substantially thtiss of each succeeding 
day of meeting, - *^ ■ ■ - f» 

modifications o 

> incident to the i 

Following is the assignment of the several 
"' '" " Ttments of investigation, to- 
chairmen and vice-chairmen 

^ Chairman, R. E. Gallagher, HamUton, 

3d — oohhercial law and civics. 
Chairmain. O. F. Williams, Rochester, N.Y 
Vice-chairman, C. L. Bryant, Buffalo, N.Y. 


Cut Showing Relative Preferences of Three Styles of Capital Letters.-See AccMipanying Letter frwn H. C. Spencer. 

stating that you would be capable of teaching. 
How should we know whether you are capable 
or not i As a matter of fact we could not 
conscientiously recommend you for work in 
that capacity at this time. One particular de- 
fect that impresses itself upon us from readin'.^ 

e half a dozen misspelled words to each 
a three pages in your letter of the 1.5th 
lich we are now answeiing, As it may be 

ailready for already, ejcperiance for 

perience, folovnng for following, rnusscuter 
for muscular, ynagazin for magazine, woorks 
for works, ^tsself for itself, ect. for the abbre- 

angmenis for 

; tor learn, 

shaky, dayes for days. 

Now, young friend, do you think it would be 
well for you to start out as an instructor of 
youth? Don't you think it would be more prof- 
itable in the end, and far more satisfactory, to 
study something besides penmanship, 

equip yourself for the i 

t duties of t 

person know how to spell. It is often brougl 
up as a reproach to teachers of penmansnip 
that so many of them know nothing about 
other branches. This should not l>e. Tboueh 
you might not be called on to instinict pupils 
m spelling, you would certainly be called upon 

found deficient in this n 

t imiiortant partieu- 

What we would advise you to do i^ to buckle 
right down to hard work. Read some good 
English booksj study some good English gram- 
mar—Hart's IS a good one— and, above all, 
get a good spelling book. S\vinton's "Word 
ook " perhaps is as good ns any. Study it 
night and day, even if you have (o neglect 
your penmanship a little, for, take our word 
for it, you will never amount to anjthing as a 

an event that should interest all the 
thoughtful men and women engaged in 
training vouug people for business pur- 
poses. The occasion is near at hand. 
There should be a full attendance and a 
liberal representation of the business col- 
lege interests of the country. The doors 
are wide open. Any man or woman of 
good character engaged in commercial 
teaching is eligible to memberahip and 
win be heartily welcomed. Apart from 
their business value, these annual meetings 
are particularly inviting from a social point 
of view. The officers of the association 
report that the prospects for a well- 
attended and highly successful meeting are 
gratifying. The following is the official 
programme as Issued by the Executive 
Committee, Messrs. E. R, Felton, A. D. 
Wilt and L. L.Williams, and revised' to date- 

The eleventh annual meeting of the Busmess 
bducators Association will be held at the 
rooms of the Spencerian Busmess College, 
Cleveland, Ohio, July 10, 11, 12, 13 15 and m 


Addrass of welcome by E. R, Pelton Esq 
chairman Executive Committee. 
Report of Executive Committee 

Chairman, C. C. Curtiss, Minneapolis, Minn. 
Vice-Chairman not named. 

Cliairraan.W.W. Osgoodby, Rochester, N,Y. 

Vice-Chairman, Miles G. Baxter, Cleveland, 

The chairmen and vice-chairmen of the sev- 
eral schools will please prepare at an earlv day 
a draft of the outline of work as they would 
present it, and forward same to E. R. Felton, 
cUaii-man Executive Committee, who will put 
the same in print and'see to its proper distribu- 

t of special committeee. 

Address of welcome by His Honor Mayor 
Gleo. W. Gardner. "^ 

Response by President G. W. Brown. 

Address by J. M Sturtevant, D.D. 
Respoustj by Col. George SouI6 
Address by Prof. Chas F. Olney 
Response by S. S. Packard. 
Inaugural address of Pi-esident Q. W. Brown. 


Reading of communications and short papers 
from friends of business education. . 

certificate of agent. This certificate, when 
properly filled and signed at convention, will 
entitle holder to return-ticket for oue-third 
regular fare. 

Preferences of One Hundred 

and Twelve Penmen. 
Editor op The Joprnal: 

At the Business Educators' Convention 
held in Milwaukee, Wis., July, 1887, I 
made a report ba.sed upon ^he expressed 
preferences of fifty of our prominent pen- 
men and teachers of penmanship, which 
were carefully tabulated. The report, 
illustrated by plates of script, was pub- 
lished with the proceedings of that con- 
vention, and also appeared in substance 
in The Journal. 

The work of obtaining a consensus of 
opinion was continued until in all there 
were ejipressed preferences of one hundred 
and twelve persons ; those persons, with 

one exceptioD, being teachers «f penman- 
ship, excelling penmen, and heads nf 
business colleges where practical penman- 
ship forms an important port of business 
training. The exception mentioned was 
the senior member of the firm of Ivison. 
Blakeman & Co., New York, publishers 
of Spencerian Penmanship for thirty years. 
I was curious to know, after such long ex- 
perience, what Mr. Iviaon's individual 
choice would be. He chose simple forms. 
He writes a quick, orderly hand, without 
a Wfsted stroke. 

At the Business Educators' Convention 
held in Minneapolis, Minn., July, 1888, I 
reported the result of the tabulated pref- 
erences of the one hundred and twelve 
persons, showing that it was substantially 
the same as the one reported the previous 
year based upon fifty. The second report 
also appeared in the published proceedings 
of the convention, but I have not fulfilled 
my promise to furnish it for The Journal 
until now. 

The accompanying plates show the cap- 
itals in the order in which they have been 
selected. To illustrate ; The first A, the 
largest, has been chosen by the greatest 
number of adepts ; while the second, or 
next in size, has been chosen by next to 
the highest number ; and the third, or 
smallest size, is the third choice, and so on 
through the alphabet. 

The variety of styles which were sub- 
mitted to the hundred and twelve persons, 
from which they selected, were all one 
size; but we have in this report graded 
the sizes in order to illustrate to the eye 
of the reader the relative prominence of 
the letters in the estimation of the adept 

It will be observed that we have pre- 
sented the first-choice letters again in a 
separate alphabet, that there may be no 
misunderstanding or confusion in regard 

who contribute to the make-up of the 
number are W. J. Kinslev. C. P. Zaner, 
A. E. Dewhurst and W.'D. Showalter. 
The compiler generously acknowledges aid 
extended him by various penmen in the 
preparation of the directory, and espe- 
cially by W. F, Giesseman, the accom- 
plished penman of the C. C. College, Des 
Moines, Iowa. 

WaniH fo Stir Vp Ibe Peomen or lh« 

Editor of The Joitrnal; 

The success of the Western Penmen 
Association ought to be an incentivi 
~ " " to organi 


Eastern brethi 
Penmen's Association. 

Penmen of the East, let us join together 
and keep up the spirit of emulation in our 
profession. With the many shining lights 
in our Eastern ranks, the organization of 
an Eastern association can hardly be re- 
girded as a doubtful experiment. 

It would become a potent factor in pen- 
manship affairs here in the East and agi- 
tate the great need of reform in teaching 
penmanship in our public schools. 

This purpose can be effected at once by 
a small number as a nucleus for an as- 
sociation. H. R. OSTROM, 

228 W. Fifty-eighth street, New York. 


teachers of the Western Normal College, of 
that city. Portraits of WiUiam N. Croan, 
Kiipf rinteudeut, and O. H. Longwell, principal, 
appear, together with a cut of the college 

tendance of 316 scholars during the past y& 

aieiited by eugravwl work uf some nf his 

— We find iu the Smulay Globe, of Lincoln, 
Neb,, the portrait of a good-looking young 

the work of secret fraternities, and takes par- 
ticular delight in his connection with the 
Order of American Woodmen. 

—Rev. Wm. Lloyd, D.D., talked to the 
members of the Packard Alumni Association 
on the evening of Ma'y SI, on a " Ramble 
Through Norway." The lecture was given in 
the rooms of Packard's Business College, this 
city. It was illustrated by stereopticoo. The 
annual excursion of the Packard student-s and 
their friends took place on June 1. 

— The annual n-aduating exercises of Prof. 
W. E. Drake's Jersey City Business College 
occuiTed at the Academy of Music, that city, 
on June 6. Rev.^ J;,H. Hmlbut, D.D,, de- 

ing great success teaching short^hand by 
mail. He is also agent for short-hand works 
of v^ous systems and for general implements 
used by stenographers and type-writers. From 
various commendations from his pupils and 
those who know him we judge that his methods 
must be of a very superior order. 

he had long been the penman, to engage in 
business college work on his own account at 
Buffalo, has resumed his old duties at the 
Williams & Rogere school. Mi". Osbom is 
one of the most accomplished all-ai-ound pen- 

tawa, m. W. G. Lowe is secretary, while 
Mrs. Toland has charge of the department of 
type-wi-iting and stenography. 

— F. H. Tattei-sall, Taimton, Mass., and 
Q. W. AlUson, Newark, Ohio, have written 
since our last issue requesting that their names 
be added to the Ust of specimen exchangers. 

— The catalogue of the Canada Busine^ 
College, Chatham, Ont., has a number of 
unique features. The margin of the pages is 
done in colors, alternating red and green. 

— The enterprising city of Oskaloosa, low 

has twen enjoying itself 

. . „ Cnrnivai 

Musical EntertAiument." Of course the 
Oskaloosa Business College ^vas represented iu 
force. We learn from, nw Saturday Olobe of 
that city that Miss Barucg.of the aoove insti- 
tution, " kept time to tho quartette boom for 
Oskaloosa. while Miss Carjwntcr at the other 
side of the stage was kecpme books after the 
latest approved methods. The Houg v 

and well 
Fred I 

The quartette consisted of 
... Tarlan Yomig, Ira Welch and J. 
W. McCmTell." To show how thoroughly 
the Oskaloosa Business Colloge-hi-ed muse lets 
Itself out on such festive occasions, we append 
a section of the song referred to: 
" Tes, and here are business men, each hunting 
out his trade ; 
IVhile they see their honored goods upon each 

maid displayed. 
Hardly can they be i-estrained from making 

All for the boom of Oskaloosa. 
"The 'Magnet' with 'Norton's stand,' then 

' Fair ' raised c 
All the ' suckers' of the town joined in the 
' Old Horse sale," 
Booming still for Uskuloosa. 
" The ' bummers' at the Downing heard the 
West Bidegive a roar; 
Because ' Old Jordan ' got a stone and put it 

But Oskaloosa Buslneas College bravely 

marches for 

Helpmg the boom of Oskaloosa." 

In other words, there are no insects to speak of 

browsing on the Oskaloosa Business College 


The Pi'eferred Alphabet. — See Accompanying letter from B. C. Spenc 


At the same time that we submitted the 
capital letters for expressions of choice, we 
also submitted the sentence containing all 
the letters of the alphabet, " John quickly 
extemporized five tow bags," in three 
distinct styles, headed: "Full forms of 
small letters," "Partially abbreviated writ 
ing," "Abbreviated writing." Expressions 
in regard to these styles were as follows : 
Seventy-five persons marked the " Partially 
abbreviated writing" their first choice'; 
eighteen persons marked the " Full forms" 
as their first choice; and fifteen marked 
the "Abbreviated writing" as their first 
choice, while four out of the one hundred 
and twelve failed to mark either style, 
probably not understanding what was'de- 
sired of them in respect to the connected 

It should be explained that in our com- 
munications we requested our correspond- 
ents to mark the writing submitted " in 
the order of their preference for Imainess 
use." And further, that through The 
JotiRNAL we invited all our penmen to send 
in their opinions, not wishing that any 
should fail to be represented who felt an 
interest in the matter. 

From four to seven Spencerian styles of 
each capital letter were submitted from 
which to make choice 

Hearty thanks are hereby tendered to all 
who have co-operated in securing this 
consensus of opinion in regard to hand- 
writing, and I trust the results may tend 
to the comif.on good of the rising genera- 
tions throughout our beloved counti^. 
Henry C, Spencer. 

Washington, D. C. 

At last we have the long-promised 
"Penman's Directory," which comes to us 
with the compliments of F. S. Heath, its 
compiler. It has Ifi pages, half size of 
Journat. pages, and a cover. We have 
not had time to examine it critically, but 
if the list of penmen is in any degree ac- 
curate, the work is valuable, "it is an ef- 
fort that deserves encouragement, and the 
small price of 10 cents a copy puts it 
within every one's reach. Among those 

^ "Turning out the 


— The students and friends of the Hamilton, 
Ont., Business College, accompanied by the 

members of the faculty of that institution", held 
their annual meeting at Oakville Park on May 
24. Messrs. Spencer & McCullough, the prin- 
cix>als, gave their patrons a very pleasant day's 
outing. R. D. Nimmo, graduate of the short- 
hand depaiinnent of this college, has accepted 
a position as teacher of short^hand and pen- 
manship in the Peterborough, Ont., Business 

— It is no child's play to get out such a cata- 
logue as comes to us from the Lawrence, Kan. , 
Business College. This highly-successful in- 
stitution is in its nineteenth year. E. L. Mc- 
Ih'avy, the superintendent, is a very accom- 

Elished penman, as is C. L. Martin, who assists 
im in that depaitment. The school has a 
large attendance. 

—The death of Prof. H. A. Stoddard, late 
associate principal of the Illinois Business 
University, Rockville, III., leaves the school un- 
der the sole supervision of Prof. O. A Winans. 

— Miss Fi-ankie Stedniau, teacher of penman- 
ship and drawing in the pubUo schools of Mc- 
Connell-sville, Ohio, has been presented by the 

— O. C. Domey's new Amerii 
College, Allentown, Pa., has got under way. 
The principal writes us that he is gratified at 
the liberal attendance. The studenlfi of the 
Allentown Business tlollege, i\ith which insti- 

tutions expressing their regret at parting, add- 
ing many complixnents to Uieir old teacher. 

— E. E. Stevens, principal of the Angola. 
Ind., National College, issues an announce- 
ment that has the merit of brevity- and 
concise arrangemi±nt. The covers ore oma- 

— One of the best college papers that we re- 
ceive is the Journal of the College of Com- 
merce, Philadelphia. It is beautifully printed 
on the best of paper. The contents are well 
selected and the paper is in every i-espect a 
model college publication. 

~We have received from the author, D. A. 
Gritfits, a little pamphlet priuted on card- 
board entitled " Science of Accounts in a Nut- 
shell." So far as we have been able to exam- 
ine it the scheme of the work is as practical as 

— We acknowledge the pleasure of an m- 
vitation to be present at the commencement 
of the Ertxjklyn Preparatory School 

— The addi'ess of Mr. Wanamaker, of Presi- 
dent Harrison's Cabinet, to the students of the 
Spencerian Business College, Waahingt( 

their twenty-third annual 
graduatiog exercises, hold recently, is full of 
good sound advice to boys and gii-Is who con- 
template a business career. Surely no one 
could be better authori/.ed to speak on this 
subject than the roan who has built up one of 

remarks at another time. 

— The annual cataJo^e of Shaw's Business 
College, Portland, Mame, does credit to that 
The catalogue beat's evidence 
.-,„! i.^i,;...^ .» ;„ :., _ ^ery pros- 

— Prof. C. S. Chapman, the well-known pen- 
man and commereia! teacher, who has for 
years been connected with the Iowa Business 
College, Des Moines, Iowa, has entered into a 
business aUiance with Prof. C. C. Curtias, as 
joint director of tlie Curtisa Commercial Col- 
leges of Minneapolis and St. Paul. Here Is a 
college team that is exceptionally 

is one of the most 
competent penmen and teachcre in the West, 
will, we understand, remain in that position. 

—The Jocrnal has had the pleasure of 
colls recently from the entei-prising proprietor 
of the Metropohtan Business College, Chicago, 
O. M. Powers; from J. K De Pue, of D. 

world (the great Paris Exposition bcin 
ticular objective point), and from R. tj. miu 
of Hill's Business College, Texas, who is oi 
his way to Europe for an extended pleasurt 

the introduction . . . 

" Electricity in the Service of Man," by Prof. 
C. F. Brackett. The strong features of the 
number are A. Foster Higgins' " Striped Bass 
Fishing," a chamimg paper that smells of the 
salt sea. and Eugene St-huylor's " Count Leo 
Tolstoy Twenty Years Ago." Mr. Schuyler's 
reasons for changing the accepted sijelling of 
the noted Russian's name are not apparent. 
The July Scribner will be a distinct novelty, 
in that it will be wholly given to fiction — "as 
becomes the season," the publishers explain, 
and most of us will be quite ready to assent. 

— From the wealth of good things served for 
the delectation nf yfjung land old; folks in the 
June number i-i si. Xirl,,'!"^ it is embarross- 

"Howl Miu MM ( „, ■ is a deligbtfui 
paper deliglitnill\ illn-t i .ji. il Both the text 
anddrawiiit,'sjiri- Lv li,, .j^;'' Wharton Edwards. 
Hosts of renders will regret that Sarah Ome 
Jewett's serial, "A Bit of Color," has come to 
the end. The vei'se and the jingles and the 
pictures of the number ore all so bright and 
fresh that no years con make a person feel old 
who reads them. 

— Another delightful high-class publication, 
primarily designed for young people, is Wide 
.4 iwfce. published bvD Lothrop. Boston. The 

fore him It iv an iiduiii/ilile luililicati'jn 

— Bnght, CI isjiand always entertaining is the 
Budffrl, Maryss-iUe, CbI But on whobc au- 
thority does our fnend state as a settled fact 
that Edgm- Allen Poo was born in Bostonf 
Surely not on the word of the great poet's per- 
sistent maligner, Richard Henrj- Stoddard. 
— If you write for newspapers or magazines. 

Blco*ii Practical Book-keeplutf. 

" No more red ink. No more red tape, 
more useless formality." That is the w 
Prof. Thomas A. Bice, 323 Chestnut s 

, '*-■'*. VKT-SIOUKNCVI- >i' 



— A clever sketch, showing a lion's head, and 
cards, comes from C. N. Faulk, of the Sioux 
City, Iowa, Business College. 

— W. S. Chamberlain, peoman of the Wilke»- 
barre, Pa,, Business College, sends us a beauti- 
fully written letter inclosing cards and 
flourishes, all of which exhibit a high degree of 

—A specimen of writing by George P. Slater, 
Dunkirk, N. Y., shows great improvement 
from former specimens submitted, and is noted 
with pleasure as an encouragement to that 
striving young penman. 

— J, W. Jones, OsiuaiiB, Ohio, an enthusiastic 
young Bcribe, contributes a number of speci- 
mens, including two well-executed sets of capi- 
tals and some essays in the direction of 6our- 

— Two sets of business capitals of good form 
come from J. H. Bachtenkircher, of the Prince- 
ton, Ind.. Normal University. The same pen- 
man sends a model letter. Other business 
capitals, remarkable for their simplicity, come 
from F. M. Sisson, Ne\vport. R. I. 

— That clever youug penman, R, M. Mc- 
Cready, Allegheny, Pa., places us under tresh 
obligations by another batch of card speci- 
mens that show great freedom and skill of ex- 
ecution. We have some pretty cards also from 
L. A. Carter, O'Quinn, Texas. 

— Prom C. C. French, pemnan of Bayless Busi- 
nes College, Dubuque, Iowa, we have two sets 
of capitals full of strength and poetry of outline. 

—E. M. Chaitier, the Lone Star pemnan, con- 
tributes ein elegant set of variety capitals. 
These he re-enforces with a brace of flourished 
specimens that take the honors of all the offer- 
ings in that line received during the month. 
Take him where you will, Chartier is an ele- 
gant penman. 

—We are indebted to E. G. Gonstead, of For- 
ward, Wis. , for some flourished specimens of 
medium excellence and some very superior card- 
work. A. A. Clark, superintendent of writing 
in the public schools of Cleveland, Ohio, re- 
news his compliments in a dainty bird-flourish. 
B. F. Williams, Sacramento, Cal., sends a 
variety of beautiful cards. 

— Examples of copy-writing full of grace and 
dash come to us from the facile pen of P, T. 
Benton, of the Iowa City Business College. 
G. A. Holman, Westerly, R, I., a precocious 
sixteen-yeai'-old, submits various exercises and 
card examples that show him to be full of the 
stuff penmen are made of. 

— From the Iowa Business College, Des 
Moines, we have a photograph of a large 
double bird-flourish, executed bv the penman 
of that institution, J. B. Duryea. The design 
is very creditable to that particularly clever 
penman. A handsome engraved bird specimen 
comes from the penmanship department of the 
Stockton, Cal., Business College. It is en- 
graved white on black. 

—P. S. Heath, he of the " Penman's Direc- 
tory," is represented by sundry harmonious 
productions in the line of writing. The com- 
pliments of F. J. Hahn, a promising fifteen- 
year-old, who is learning the ways of busiuess 
at Packard's, are conveyed in a letter notable 
both for its penmauship and composition. 

— Various t'omiectcd capitals and movement 
exercises have been received from the students 
of J. M. Baldn-in, teacher of writing in the 
public schools of Manistee, Mich. The writ- 
ers are in the younger grades, 10 and 11 years 
old, and a;)pm-ently have a very good com- 
mand of the pen for students of that age. 

—A. W. Dakin, Syracuse, N. Y., sends us a 
very attractive sample-book showing various 
grades of his card-«Titing. Ho has a truly 
wonderful command of the pen, and his invent- 
ive genius enables him to exec'ute cai-ds m any 
style that may be preferred by the person or- 
dering. One of his newest conceits is "steel- 
plate" work, ond it would really take an ex- 
pert to say whether some of these cards, very 
popular among ladies, were executed mth a 
8ti"el pen or were done on a steel-plate printing- 

— All entirely imique book of specimens 
conies to us from the students of the Capital 
City Commercial College, Des Moines, Iowa. 
Every page attests what we have fi-equently 
had occasion to say before— that Principal 
Mebon, of that college, U very fortunate in 
having the services of AV. F. Giesseman as con- 
ductor of the penmanship department. The 
writing of the students is smooth, fluent and 
gracofiU. It is the kind of writing that may 
be read at a glance— just the kind of writing 
a yoimg man might possess to the highest ad- 
vantage when starting out in the world to make 
his living. 

—We are indebted to G. W, Harman, of the 
faculty of SouWs College, New Orleans, for a 

number of specimens written, flourished and 
drawn by his pupils. G. H. Quatrevaux is 
represented by a creditable copy of the old 
" Home, Sweel Home " design. E. J. Jacquet 
has redrawn with considerable skill one of The 
Joctrnal's prize ornamental designs. Both 
these young men send exceptionally well- 
written letters. Other letters showing pen- 
proficiency are from Maggie L, Taylor, J. 
Hirscb and S. J- Lichtenstein. 

— A large number of specimens have been 
received showing the work of pupils in the 
public schools of Chillicothe, Ohio. The re- 
sults of the Bi-st year in school (pupils' average 
age six years), as shown in a uumber of speci- 
mens, are astonishiugly clever. The writing is 
done with pencil, on paper ruled for small let- 
ters. The sheets from a single class of a gram- 
mar grade (average age 13 years) were written, 
at the lost regular examination. The work is 
uniformly excellent, and we don't wonder that 
the Chillicotheans lay great store by their 
writing superintendent, Prof. C. W. Slocum. 

-Here is another enterprising Western com- 
munity where the teachers have not "pro- 
gressed " (OS the president of the National Edu- 
__^- — 1 . ;-i.... is reported to have done] 

Clark, Lisette Jungferinann, L. D. Smith, 
Louis Kliebenatein, D. B. Littlefield, E. R. 
Bushby and Thomas E. Duggan. In another 
place we have referred to a number of speci- 
mens showing the work of the Southwestern 
Business College, Wichita, Kan. Much of this 
work is of an uncommonly high order, that of 
~ ■ * • ' A. Gur- 

Where Colors Come From. 

nforination regiirdiug the sources from 
ivbicb the colors one finds in a pamt box 
ire derived. Every quarter of the globe 
s ransacked for the material — animal, 
mineral — employed in their 
lufncture. From the cochineal insects 
arc obtained the gorgeous carmine, as well 
as the crimson, scarlet and purple lakes. 
Sepia is the inky fluid discharged by the 
cuttle-fish to render the water opaque for 
its concealment when attacked. Indian 

-■^ZJt€Z^e?^^^ ^(S^^gA^td^^ 

By C. N. Crandle, Penman N. 1. Normal School, Dixo7i, III. (Photo-Engraved). 

a that point where they find " no educational 
ignificance in penmanship." The city referred 
0, is Winona, Minn., whose intelligent writing 

the evolution of the finished writer from the 
tot who first enters school. The penmanship 
in the advanced giades shows a clear and ac- 
couception of form and a good control of 

tx>ok of instructions that comprehends the 
subject very intelligently. 

— W. Douglas, principal of the commercial 
department of the Geneva Normal School, 
Geneva. Ohio, favors us with a uumber of 
specimens showing the work of his pupils be- 
tween the ages of U and 14. The authors of 
the specimens are Lena D. Martin, Frank 
DickinsoD, Maud J. Massingham, Marie Wil- 
i.i.,,^^ ^^A \M^„^^ t? ^■■'■Mn. M. L. Miner, 
College, Lansing, 
iber of specimens 
. ipils. The woi' " 
uniformly creditable, the best of it beint 

yellow is from the camel. Ivory black 
and bone black are made out of ivory 
chips. The exquisite Prussian blue id got 
by fusing horses' hoofs and other refuse 
animal matter with impure potassium 
carbonate. It was discovered by an acci- 
dent. In the vegetable kingdom are in- 
cluded the lakes, derived from roots, 
barks and gums. Blue-black is from the 
charcoal of the vinestalk. Lampblack is 
aoot from certain resinous substances. 
From the madder plant, which grows in 
Hindostan, is manufactured turkey red. 
Gamboge comes from the yellow sap of 
a tree, which the natives of Siam catch 
in cocoanut shells. Raw sienna is the 
natural earth from the neighborhood of 
Sienna, Italy; when burned it is burnt 
sienna. Raw umber is an earth from 
Umbria, and is also burned. To theac 
vegetable pigments may probably b« 
added India ink, which is said to be 
made from burnt camphor. The Chi- 
nese, who alone produce it, will not 
reveal the secret of its composition. 
Mastic, the base of varnish, so called, li 
from the gum of the mastic tree, indi- 
genous to the Grecian Archipelago. Bistro 

i thes 

t of wood aflhes. 

Neat and beautiful penmanship is very desir- 
able in business correspondence,' out it 'is most 
important that you should not spell God with 
a little " g" or codfish with a "kv' Ornamen- 
tal penmanship is good, but it will not take the 
cuss off if you don't know how to spell.- iJiW 

The MS. of the first letter ever written by 
Mrs. Stowe is preserved among her papers. 

It is hard to write on paper without lines, 
because it is unruly. 

business CoUege proprtelors who wish to en 
ploy teachers to begin in the fall, and teachei 
who wish employment, ivoula do wfll to mal 

Three dollars pays for an advertisement uf 
this kind (ttot exceeding three-<iuartera of an 
inch) and entitles the advertiser to registra- 
tion III our Teachers' E}nployment Bureau 
without extra charge. We have procured 
hundreds of situations m this way, 


desiring positions in the South should 
write to the 


llox: 15:1. 

for full particulars. 

7 Suninrvfi Department in a Com- 

WANTKD-A flrst-classu 
ot Actual Buirtnei-ti Ueui 

merclal College at Buffalo, N. Y. 

ferred. Address, in own liamiwriting, statioif 

experience and salary expected, 


care Penman's Abt Journal, 202 B'dwoy. N. Y. 

t school year. Must 

WANTED— A tlrat-class Teache 
manshlp for the next school yL 
be a good business writer, an experienced and 
successful teacher and not afraid of hard work. 
To the light man a good salary will be paid. 

6 Art Journal, 202 B'dway, ! 

'ANTKD— A flrst-closs Teacher of Pen- 

the subscriber in eulargiUK a well-established 
Business College in a fiourishing town of 26,000 
population. No other Business College in the 
''' ■ ' The country growinp rapidly, r '" 

TE.tnilER of Commercial Branches, coe 
petent to as8uiu<.- direction of Pcnmansh 
Department and perform the duties usually c 
quired of a Teacher in a Business Collcucdesir 
employment. Good references. Willing to b 
gin with small salarv whore change of di- 
motion offers. 

Q Broadway, New York 

'M^'ANTED— A posiUon i 

» • good Business 
excellent qualities, ana wno nas 
years of experience. Can teach in 

had several 

t except Shorthand; 

but prefers Mathematics. Best of reference as 
to charactor. habits, ability, &o., can be given. 
Address " BIONOH," Box 244, Atlanta, Ga. U-IB 

POSITION WANTED by a teacher of 
seven years' experience- First-class pen- 
man and book-keeper. Prefer position in Busi- 
nesB College. Beat references as to character and 
ability. Address Box 33, Hopkins, Mo. C-IB 

^ A N '^ED-^A posHi 

references. Address C. 1 
202 Broadway, New York 

s Teacher of Com- 


3 teach Actual 
"Address "JONES, 

a position in some good 

)r to teach Actual Uusinet ' 

of Bookkeeping or Ai-ithmet 

ess "JON ' ■ 

Broadway, N. V. 


WANTED— Position as Principal, Manager 
or Teacher in u i:u<».l nusiiH-.s Ctlege. 
Over five years In full chiirt"'' "' "Hii<- '■! Itirge 
wholesale house, Tw.l\ - \ . u- j- !■ m her, 

tions and experience pusscsst'il tjy tiw ; reici- 

engage temporarily for July and August. 

Address " Business Man," care D. T. Ames. 
202 Broadway, New York City. 12-1 

%», AN TED- Position in some good school as 
** Teacher of Book-keeping, Arithmetic 
and English Branches. Can furnish beat of 


to secure a beautiful Motto, such as "Ho 
Sweet Home," " Rock of Ages," "No Cross. 
Crown," &c., executed In four coloi-a witu 
automatic shading pen, ^Inch wide, for t 
Extra Heavy Bevel-edged Cords, written, : 
dozen ; blank, 15 to 18c. per pack. Send 
circular. Address 

4-3 J^xlngton, K» 

S'^ilVcS'manshlp.'^ccmpX^g f< 


fContributlona t 

F. Kbllev. offlc< 

Fifty colored 

Urlpr ecliiCAtloiial Items 

studying for the 

priesthood in Rome. 

Fennsylvania University will establish a 
course in journalism. 

There are 14 recent graduates of Tale Col- 
lege engaged in journalism in New York. 

In Wiyconsiu 21 ypars of active service en- 
titles a school-teacher to a pension. In Massa- 
chusetts 60 years. 

There are 37 Japanese students at the Uni- 
versity of Michigan. 

The number of teacliers employed in Ohio 

New York has enga^od in the public schools 
3100 female and 2'^^ male teachers; Brooklyn 

there are more than 190,000 volumee, besides 
about 75,000 unbound pamphlets. 
Washington i-eceived the degree of LL.D. 


Mrs. Hendricks: " Is John doing well at 
college? " 

Mrs. Spriggins: "Yes, indeed. He is so 
popular with the freshman professors that 
they have asked him to stay with them another 
year. It's nice to feel that they take such an 

A little boy complained that his sister had 
purposely pushed him, which she denied. Her 
father, taking her aside, said: "Now, Abbie, 

Bobby: ''Yes, sir; my Uncle James thinks 
I ought to be a lawyer." 

" Does he. indeed? And why does your Uncle 
James think so; because you are so origbt and 

"No, sir; because I ask so many fool ques- 
tions.'— '/Vjtos Siftings. 

" I dont want to go near the house," said the 
spring chicken, \vitb a sad little smile. " The 
boss is laying for me with an axe." 

" Indeed I said the roostei-, with affected sur- 
prise. "I thought you were laying for the boss." 

And then the spring chicken went straight to 
the slaughter-house, and laying herneck on the 
axe surrendered up the ghost. 

Instruction in Pen-Work. 

In our last lesson we gave on alphabet 
requiring; very careful outliDing and conse- 
quently considerable time in the tiuisbinK, 
such as can be employed only when a fair 
price is to be paid for the work. In this 
lesson we give a style about aa f ar as it is 
possible to get to the other extreme, one 
that can be very rapidly executed, re- 
quires Uttle or DO outlmiog imd yet can be 
used with good effect in many places. It 
will look well in almost any size, and may 
be used for a mnin lii^arliufj. sub-headings 
or for briiiLnH'j 'n'" pmniincuce a word or 

For :ill I iliis alphabet, ex- 

ceptiu;.' II, : , :.. 1. ;_; und the light 

very coarse ^icn — one that has been worn 
or ground down iintil it marks almost as 
smoothly as a brush. Notice the ray- 
shading is made irregular or waving, in 
keeping with the face of the letters. 
Grind your India-ink up black, so that 

nuniL-ei-s. Mi-s Packard's ooiuplete lesmns in 
MunsoQ phonography, supplemented by vari- 
ous readmg exercises, &c. , began with Octo- 
ber. ISSti, and ended April. t8««. We fell the 
complete set for Jl.SO, or ^2 with binder. The 
short-hand reading-matter contained in them 
alone would fill a large book. Ten sets with- 
out binders, $13.S0. Binders, 50 cents each 
when oi"dered with papers; 75 cents each when 
sold separately. 



PHOTIUai.llMlY rOR Alili. 

Anthony's Eureka School Otitlit. 
E. & H. T. ANTHONY & CO., 

991 Broadwnj-, New York, 

J lies or eT«ry description. KstabllNbed for more tban 
h years. In replying to tbls adverttsemeat Dientlou 

fly H. W. Kibbe, IJlustrating His Lesson Accompanying (Photo-Engraved). 

don't you go to Sunday-school, and don't they 
teach you that it is wrong to t«U lies?" " We 
haven't got so far as that?' she interrupted. 
Two-and-a-half- year-old daughter who has 


Baby: " Well, how did you feel 'fore he put 
your head on ?" 

Who would ever suspect that Bangh-nauyh- 
ctaugh-paugh spelled " boimyclubber f " 

" Greorge, dear, what kind of fruit is borne by 
an electnc-light plant ?" " Electric euiTents, 
of course."— Terre Haute Exjtress. 

"Yes," said ti-e proud Boston mother, 
" Winthropis doing well at college. He writes 
me that he is the comma of his nme." 


" Yes, I believe that is what they call the 
short-stop at Harvard," — Harper's Bazar. 

*' Well, Mildredj" remarked Amy the 

ing after the election, " the jig's up." " Yes," 
replied the high-scbool girl, "that variety of 
dajice is altituainously elevated."— BuWi«fff oh 

the slippered pantaloon. 

Sunday -School Teacher: "Jennie, I hope 
you don't hang over the gate with any young 

hear you say S' 

Jennie: "No, ma'am: fatl 
fence day before yeeteniay." 

'Tis true, though said in joke, 
Vou never know of what he's ma 
Until he's " broke," 

Pork and Beans,"— ,Vt(n«ey'.i ItVrWy. 

Why not abbreviate Alaska to L.S., which 
would suificientlv identify it as the place of che 
seal*— Boston Transcript. 

It may sound 
the first thing ii 

Pretty Girl (who has not Iteen hugged for 

the lines do not turn brown on drying. 
Bright, strong, steely effects cannot be 
produced in lettering with pale ink. 

Dat-k Numborw. 

We have on hand back numbei-s of The 
Journal as follows: 

lt(7S.— Two copies February; one copy Octo- 
ber. Price 50 cents ix;r copy. 

April, May, Septomber. Price lO cents each; 
the eight for *1. 

1881.— Fourteen complete sets, except Decem- 
ber. Price *].i'» for the set. Single copies 
January and November 30 cents each; other 

, except June and 

18S4. — Thirty complete s 
U7 reprint). Price *1. 
1885.— Twenty-five foii.i, 

double number (repiij 
Price $1. 

1888.- Complete set^ 

ber of copies of Novenibpr v 
will be sold oi ' 

bers, though i 
from the begi 
igular pren: 

above) for the six years IHtcl-S, iiiclusive, «ith 
or without shorthand reprints, ^.^i: with two 
new bandv binders (will hold all the iiumbei-«), 
id. Bmders cost sfiwirat'i'lv 7> ■■.■iit-i each. 

As A Special PKEMirM*.— \\V- smU send the 

sets for the si.t: v.-k- n, 1 i,..\ including 

bmdersi asa spfi.];il I'. !■ i . , .-lubof 15 

suLiSCril>ers at -fl i';]i-i ^ni i _ ii' i ir.-riiiunis 

Short-hand :Ni.-Mt.i i.-. i .., . ;,. i„iieatof 
our sbort-hand frii.'h.l- \^.- ^mII -.i', iliot. th^ 
t-hand deiiai-tim 

jr. 188«. Smce 

1 we have the unbrakei 

i concerned, having i 

CAR HART'S i , 'J;:,',',, i,,.;. ■',';::,;„; 

CLASS BOOK OF, ^'pj}' ';':'^,>j; '';'''■ 
COMMERCIAL | ^.■oKv'«\7,'il'n',;ii.' 


have made arrangements to pivo n short. 
Sharp, practical Busioees Cour«e at the fomou^ 
1000 hianil Park,y. T., during July and August. 

Public and High Schools. J. B. McKay, the 
prize essayist in Tdb Jot'UN Ai.'e couipotitiona. 
will stiperiutend tlic ['''imu'ii^ini' H' i n'tit. 

charge of tbeTeaclm^ 
R. S. Wright will be s^ 
noffraphy and Typewritini 

Triangular O^Iqu« Penhul.ii r, lu. i i./ tw 

SpencertaaPeus. Mo. 1. 14 nr I [■■ i ^^r . s' 


SiDgle and Double Entry Bookkeeping. 

By Thomas A. Ru;e. A.M., Lb.B., 
Expert Accountant and t^ccretary of Moi 

city, r --■'■-■ 

and Uarlleld Guildii 

thirty y 

forms ever devised, and Is the best texl-book oT 
the present day. It contains '319 pages, iiriuted 
and Dound in nret-clasa style, and will b*.- mailed. 

fostpaid, for $3 by addresslni; the author at 'Xa 
HESTNOT ;Strebt. St. Lodib, Mo. 6-13 

t3^ Liberal discount to teachers and trade. 



Kansas City, Kan., or Missouri. 

tR. 8. Trocslot & Co.. proprietors.) 

We supply our members with Books, 
Music and Music Books, Watehes, Jewelry, 
Periodicals, Printing, Binding and Art 
Goods at actual wholesale prices. 

Save mojtcy hy joining the Exehnuge 

Pariiculars for stamp. Af<(nts wanted. 

Address ,( tf 


Kansas City, Kan., or Kansas City, Mo. 




Rubber Pen Extractor. 




AuT of the followlni; artlolea will, upon receipt 
of prlcft. be prtioiptly forwarded by mall (or express 
when BOita ted): 

When 10 cenU extra are remitted mercbaDdize 
will be sent by registered mail 

by the imrciiaecr. 

Ames' CoTDpendlam of Pnotloal and Orna- 
mental fenmanshtp $5 00 

Ames' Booli of Alphabets ICO 

Amet^' Guide to rraoHoal and ArtJstlo Pen- 
manship. In Piper 60o.; in cloth 75 

Ameti' Copy Slips for aeif -Teachers BO 

Williams' and Faclcard'sOenu ft 00 

Standard Prautical Penmanship, by the Spen- 

cei Brothers ] 00 

New Spericerian Compendium, oomplete In 6 

Bnnnd oomplete 7 50 

Kibbe's Alpnabeta, five Blips, Z&o.; oomplete 

Uttie'sIilustraflreHandboolcWDrawlnB.'.'. 60 

Grant Memorial 22138 inches 60 

r&mi\j Record 18x23 " 60 

Marriage Certificate lBxS2 " 60 

" '• 11x14 " 60 

Garfield Memorial IfixJU " 60 

Bounding Slag .........'.'.'.. 2iiS2 " 60 

Flourished Eagle 24x32 " 60 

Centennial Ploture of Progress. ..22xSft " 60 

Eulogy of Lincoln and Qrant..'.'.'2jxa8 " 60 
Ornamental and Flourished Cards, ISdeslgns, 

new, original and artlstio, per paok of 60, 80 

lOObymall 60 

1000 ■■ w.wibyexpreis::::::;:::::::: 4oo 

Bristol Board, S-sneet thlak, 23x28, per sheet. 60 

" 22xSS per sheet, by express. . . 90 

French B,_B.. 84x84, \\ ;| ... 76 

Blaok Card-board, 22xS8, for white Ink. . . .'!! 60 

Black Cards, per 100 85 

Blaok Cards, per 1000, by express 2 00 

per sheet, quire 

Whatman's by moll, by ex. 

Drawli^paper, hot-press, 1.^x20 .% .15 i i 'JD 

£1X30!! '.2!> 8 75 
;; ■' 88x40.. .65 7 00 

Winsor A Newton's Snp'r Sup. India Ink Stick 1 00 

I*repared India Ink. per iMttle, 50 

Ames' Beat Pen. J^ gross Ik)X 35 

Ames' Penmen's Favorite No. 1, per gross. . . 00 

" " " " H^osabxa. 26 

Engrossing Pens for lettering, per doz 28 

Crow-quUlPen, very fine, for drawing, doz. . 76 
Sooneoken Pen, for text lettering— Double 

Points— set of three 90 

Broad— set of five IB 

Oblique Penholder, each lOc; per dozen 1 00 

"Double" Penholder (may be ised either 

straight or oblique), eacu lOo.; per dozen, 1 00 
Oblique Metal Tips (adjustable to any holder), 

each 5c. ; per dozen 86 

Writing and Measuring Ruler, metal edged. . 80 

New Improved Pantograph, for enlarging or 

dimfnlsblng drawings 1 26 

Ready Binder, a elmpre device for holding 

New Hiuifiy IJin'ior, ilghtandstrongV.!*'' 75 
Common Sense Binder, a fine, stiff, oloth 

binder, Journal size, very durable 1 BO 

Roll Biacktwards, by express. 

No. 1, size 2 x3 feet i TB 

No.2, '■ 2Hx8^6feet 176 

No. 3, " 3 x4 " S 60 

Stone Cloth, one yard wide, any length, per 

yard, slat«d on one side 1 26 

46 inches wide, per yard, slated both sides, i 95 
Liquid Slating, the best in use, for walls or 

wooden boards, per gallon 6 00 

on good bank note paper la kept In stook, and 
orders will be filled by return of mall or express. 
The fractional denominations are : I's, 5'8, ID'S, 26's 
and 60'8,ln convenient proportions; the bills are 
lu the denominations of I's, 3'e, 5's, lO's, SO's 50'h. 
lOO's, 600'a and l.OOO's, which are printed on stieeU 
of nfteen bills each. They are proportioned so as 
makeSonf4,Slwai.SJtve»,2 Uiu, and one each of 
the 90, 60, 100, 600 aud l.OOOdnllar notes. 

The proportion In whioh the different denomina- 
tions are printed is that which Iohe experience has 
demonstrated to tiest mot the demands and con- 
Tenlence In business practice. We oannot fnmlsb 
the Script in other proportions than those named, 
except upon special order and at additional cost. 

Praotlonal Currency per 100 notes | 76 


e kept In stook and 
ess, 80 cents each o 
r new and special d 

13.00 per dozen. On 

slffns promptly flUed. 

business colleges 


For the preparation of all n 

e unequalled Send for 

e have the he»t ti 

a for making pboto- 

3 thnt ha^. 

pearea in ihb joobnal ana «iur publications, 
duplicates will be furnlBhed fur low prices. 

We will supply, at puiAUhfrt' raUt, any standard 
work on penmaoshtii In print ; also any bookkeep- 
ing, oommeroial antbmetlo or other educational 

Send the money with order. In all oases. TJnIess 
this requirement \* met no goods wilt be i 

sufficient advance U 

by express, C. O. D., unless & 
send so-and-so (yon have forgot 

contingent loss. Don'i 
by writing-- *- " — ■• 

'■ can't lake less." We oam't. We handle notlilns 
but reliable goods, and all who favor us wltc 
ordera ore assured of prompt and efflolent service 

Addreaa, D. T. AMES, 


10 Ceuts. 


10 Cents. 


10 Cents. 


10 Cents. 

B-12 515 East Stale Street, Trenton, N. J. 


Rapid WrltlUff is this: For Sixty Cents 
he will mail you "Blxler's Ptiyslcal 
TralnInK In Penmaastalp," 64 pages, 
full cloih binding, and the " People's ^Vrll- 
InK Teacher," a handsomely Illustrated 
Monthly Journal on Penmanship, for one year. 
* 5s half price for Boole and Paper. The 


Standard Typewriter 





Embraces the Latest and Highest Achiete- 
ments of Inventive Skill. 

# \ 

The Modern Way 


The old drudgery of conducting correspondence 
\ personally with a pen is a thingof the past. The 


W f 

'^ demand (or stenographers and typewrit«rs 

is increasing every day. No well regulated 
house will do without one. Young men and 

young women alike fill ihese desirable situations. 


We Provure SltitHtions for our iirndtt- 

ates. Shorthand taught by mail. Send us your 

name and we will write you full particulars. It 
will cost you nothing. Address 

'* '^wim'wmm- 


W. C. CHAFFEE, Oswego, N. Y. 

Bu H. J. Putman & IF. J. Kiiwfci/. 

The Latest, Best, Most Complete 
and Cheapest thing of the kind. Seven- 
teen beautifully lithographed elipa and the 
Uucst and most explicit Instruction Book 
published : enclosed in a neat and substantia 
case; mailed to any part of the world for One 
Dollar. Send for our new descriptive circular 
giving testimonials, &c. 

Putman '& Kinsley's Pens. 

No. I.— Double-elastic, for studeots' ,proo- 

, buok-keeping students, and 

PHICES.— Samples, 10 

Pen " for book-keep- 
ud all wishing a 

Quarter (iroBii, 30c. 

PUTMAH 4 RIHSLEY, Hi.''.u2.d"„"„T..'f„',\ 

l-tl. Mention Tbe Journal. 

Pernin Universal Phonography. 

The only Non-Shadiug, Non-Position, Conni 

'"and. Note-Taking StylL- 

egible as Print, llc] 
giule and briefest 

L Packard's Oomplete Less 

nORTH AND taught by mail at reasonable 

rates; success guarar "' ^ " 

terns helped. Pupils 

s guaranteed. Students of u 

rapber, Waterbury, Conn. 

LOOMIS. Steii 



practical verbatim reporter. 16 years' experi- 
ence. No failures. Situations guaranteed. 
Book and circulars free. 

FRANK HARBISON, Stenographer. 
5-tt 721 Broad St., Newark, N. J. 

H. y. City, 

La Salle St. 



The Wonderful Machine for Writing Shorthand. 

Easy, Accurate and Reliable. Send stamp for a 

aa-page Circular. Maolilnes rented on trial. 


St. LouIb, Mo. 

11-12 Prk^ lifdttctd to sas. 


mothud. Thoroughly taught by corres- 
pondence. Indorsed by leading educators. 
Special inducements to teachers. Descriptive 

Charge yoor Memory to try AHES' 
BEST PENS. By no possibility can you 
ever forget the result. 

TM of twelve 
. ^ inail for 
$3.00, cash in athanee. 

I am goiog to say very little about this 
course. The fact that I was obliged to 
stop my advertisemeuts because I was get- 
ting more students than I could attend to 
18 iu itself sufficient proof of its merits. 
The instructions and copies for this course 
ure all fresh from the pen and will always 
be my very best work. The student is 
taught to write a rapid, easy style and in 
the very shortest time possible. The plan 
for conducting this course id original, and 
to it I credit the wonderful success I have 
had teaching by mail. 

That 1 have had wonderful success is 
shown by the following specimen of im- 
provement : 


The old style I clipped from his letter or- 
dering the course, and the new style he 
sent me after completing the course. His 
P. O. address is Chambersburg, Pu. He 

"I most afncerely thank you for thn kindly In- 
terest you manifested in me as a student. I am 
more than Batisfled, and nimy times repaid for 
my small investment of %^.QKt. 

I. C. WALK." 

Those who wish to become fine penmen 

at small expense, and are willing to give 

the subject a little attention, will find in 

just what they want. 




I Cork Penholder V If j 

straight bolder. They a 
ordiowy holder but do 
they Bpriog just enoug 


The Spencerian Obhque Holder 8 

cheap r The kind t 


favorite is positively t 
black and elossy, bu' 

quart. Recipe for d 


good wiitiQK V 

i Brilliant Ink. ! 


( of the finest written 

tost skillful penmen in 

The following packageE 
ny very best work ana w 

I, contains 

Packairo No. 1, price 30 

one set business capitals, two wri 
pens and samples of copy writia 

Packase No. 3, price 35 
a brautitiil set of capitala, a H 
flourishing and sampled of card writing. 

Package ^o. 4, price 3 

soecitnen of flourtshme. set or _..^ _. _ 

three lavorlte pens and samptea of 

copy writing. 

: penholder. 

, price 40 c 

specimen of flourishmg. 

d comblnatlono. 1 1 

which I can wriEe 
ove should be addre 

iriginal styles 


No. 30 Johnson St., SYRACUSE, N. Y. 


ri( tfforttat curd u 



For more elaborate desoripUons and richly U- 
lUBtrated Ust send ten cents for Tub Joiknai. for 


For f 1 ire will send The Jocrhal noe jear with 
choice of the following elegant premiums /ree; 

Lord'BPrayer Blze 19x24 

Flourished Eagle " 24x83 

Flom-lslietl Slag ■' 34x83 

CeotetiQial Picture o( Progress " 24 x 28 

Grant Memorial... " 22 x2S 

Garfield Memorial " IS x 81 

Family Record.- " 18x22 

Marriage Certificate " 18x2^ 

QraDt and Lincoln EulofEy (our newest 

Penmanship Premium) " 24x80 

These premiums are without exception careful 
reproductions of some of the most elegant specl- 

Prlce by mail, 60 cents each. 

In place of any of the above, a subscriber remit- 
tingtl for The Journal may receive as premium 
a pacitage of Amet' Copy Slips, or a copy of Amea' 
Guide to Practical avd Ariialic Penmanship, 

ttM. Both the Guide and Copj/ Slips have 
reached a Iiemendous sate, and are taught from 
In some of the leading busmess colleges and clas- 
sical schools of this country and Canada. They 
contain evervtbing necessary to make a good, 
practical business penman of a person of average 
Intelligence. For 8- we will send The JorsNAL 
one year, the Guide in cloth and a copy of the 

Special Premiums for Clubs, 

To stimulate those who interest themaelvea in 
getting subscriptions for The JorRNAL, we offer a 
number of valuable special or extra premiums to 
pay them for their time and trouble TTnder this 
arraDirement each onbiirrlber will alsn be entitled 
to choice of the reRBlar prtsmtoms enumerated 
above, the extra premium going to ihe sender of 
the club. Where premiums are sent by express 
the receiving party will have to pay the express 

For 82 we will send two subscriptions and an 
extra premium of .^nies' Guide in cloth. 

For SiO, ten subscriptions and a copy of Antes' 
Compe.ndium of Practical and Ornamentai Pen- 
manship. The price of this superb work, recog- 
nized as the standard, Is (3. We have heretofore 
sent It vith a cluh of twelve. 

For S2 two subscriptions and a quarter-gross 
box of Ames'' Best Pens. 

For $3, two subscriptions and a book of Recita- 
tions and Readings, comprising nearly four hun- 
dred standard selections suitable for entertain- 
ments, private readings, &c. 

For $2, two subacnptions and History oj the 
United Utales, beautilully printed and bound, 

For 96, six subscriptions and the (Tonder 
Camera Photographic Outfit by express. Tbls 
outfit contains all that Is needed to matie a com 
plete photograph. 

For Sf), nine subscriptions and the Unique Tele- 
graph Outfit, by express. 

For $10, tea subscriptions and the celebrated 
Flobert Rifie. Remington action, oiled, case, 
hardened, pistol grip, ch«c)tered, twenty -two 
cahber, sent by express. 

For 825, twenty-flve subscriptions and an ele- 
gant breech-loading double-barreled Shot Gun- 
witb complete loading set. 

For 830. thirty subscriptions and a fine extra 
heavy rolled gold-plate iVntcb, elegant himtlng 
case, plain or engine turn back or front, with or 

movement and stop attachment. Sent by express 
For 8i, two subscriptions and choice of two 

hundred Popular Works, Alta edltioa. compriiiog 

poetry, travel, history, biography, adventure 

fiction. &c. These books are beautifully bound! 

List of over one hundred of them in The JotiRXAt 

for February, iseo. 
For $17. seventeen subscriptions and Dickens' 

Compl:te Works, fourteen volumes, handsomely 

bound. By express. 
^~A present subscriber sending subscriptions 

Inclode hli own reaenal among the number. In 
that case his time wUl be extended on our books 
for one year, whether his uresent subscription is 

an extra premium may send his subscriptions as 
he gets them, and they will be placed to his credit 
and the extra premram sent when the requisite 
number of subscriptions have been received. 1 he 
club worker, however, must notify us that he is 
working for an extra premium, so that we may 
give him credit for all the subscriptions he may 
send. Unless be does BO notify us at the time of 
sending the subscriptions we will not recognize 

There is absolutely no chance for a club worker 
to lose any part of the fruit of his toil. If, for m- 
siance, be should start out to send us thirty sub- 
scriptions for tbe Watch, and should only guc- 
ceed in getting ten subscriptions, he would be en- 
titled to receive the Flobert Rifle or any five of 
Hie special premiums offered for two subscrlp 

To any present anbtcrlber who will send us one 
new subscription (not a renewal) and $1 to pay for 
same we will send The Complete Book of Home 
Amutements. a splendid volume of enterlAinment 
for the home circle and social gatherings. The 
subscriber also gets his choice of our regular pre- 

To any present subscriber who wiU send us two 
new subscriptions (not renewaU) and j2to pay for 
same we will send our Fnni ily Cyclovedia, one of 

print. Each or the subscribers will also be eo- 
tllled to choice of regular premiums. 

We want agents every where to take subscrip- 
tions and sell our specialties. 

3D. T. J^IMES, 

209 Broattway, X T. 


And may be worth $1,000 to you !! 

branch of education whn h is i 
8500 or 8'JOO a year to $ 1 ,000 or J 
have, then the t bought, the wo 
truthfully counted worth many 
women to-dav hold good posii 
wflte well. A good poslticn may be opei 

be* Will U meet the del - - -- 

which 1b to place within 

' "" nd you a set of copies, w 
figures, with illustrated 

letters and figi 
DOW to emphasize r 

T/FUf not bave i 


demand en-tbles yo 

object which inspire 

positions which they ^^m coul 
be open to you ^ to-m 
of business t If # not i 

! the times. En': raved c 

ritten in good, rapid bu 

t, I will say they may be 

BpbI Linen Paper 
rittns aud Flourlc 

) consider: If improving yourself in a 
to secure an advance of salary from 
better position than you otherwise could 
you to make that improvement may be 

Is your V 

T their ability t. 
what It ought t- 

1 great improvt 

showing up the writing and flourishing V 
heads with wide ruling, or unruled, and I 
and send less than three pounds at the s( 


are made from the best material known. We a 
Gold, post-paid, for thirty cenis each. 

Black cards with the name written in yellow 

^""^C^R^OLD INK Is the finest, richest ( 

i^ibte f 


tyle, includ'ng all capitals, small 
IK Hiid movement, for flrty cents. And 
■orth 85,000 to you 

v>r execnllnc fonr •p<^clmen 

ny price and gives great satisfaction, 


n letter- 

3 pou: 

r packages a 

) liable to get f 

vermilion are unique a 
1 brightest you ever b 


it cheap P intograph that has been made for the above price. 

" '' — '' 'n construction, well ma'le an< 

elsewhere for less than 
It enlarges or reduces 

n construction, well ma'le and 

elsewhere foi 

8omeof the Pantographs 

il postage paid. Six by express for $8 . 

ix assorted bottles of ink 
e and proflt. 

We make diplomas complete, on briil 
g to the elaborateness desirei ; also eng 
?tesat verv moderate prices. Samples 

_ ^ Lved diplomas l_ 

ml prices sent on applicatio i from 


nd flourishing, send i 

s about the .lapan InC we sell i 
ents for a sa-niole flourish and 
t only the ink 


„ r leraved from 

e advertisi 

fn position to 
elegant writing 

e pens also are Just what j 

I, photo-engraved from o 
{ advertisements attractii 
t prices that will sell them if they please you. Proofs and prices sent on apphcation. 

constantly making additions t< 

H. W. KIBBE, Pen Artist, 

Instructor in Pcu-Work, Dealer in Penman*! 
lisher of Alphabets, 

Supplies and Pub- 

osr. Y. 


e give special 

Portraits, Flourishing, Copies Sii 
sl^ns. Buildings, both exterior anc 
and oi-iginal designs for every purpose, li 

Designs, Buildings, 

"■■''"'"•'. designs ft. ^ , --1- ... r- 

for Pnoto-Engraving be particiJUar 
i ink, making the hair lines sharp ana 
good work demands this. Kend copy 

and Btamp for < 

McTillou Penrnan^g Art Joumai. 

Short Talks About Portraits. 

No. i}. — Tricks fn Trades. 

The man who said there are "' tricks In all trades " was not far out of tht> way The Portrait 
business is no exception. You may find plenty of concerns who advertise to make portraits 
" free," Just for the love of you, as it were. " But," they say. " of course the patron will want n 
frame and "—the result Is that your " free " picture (of no value Itielf) will not be forthcomiDg 
until you pay at least 810 for a frame that is not worth $2, 

Our patrons are not expected to buy frames from us unless they want to. We don't give 
atvau piyrtralU, but we will make you an elegant crayon from $5.60 to $7,50, for which the pre- 
vailing market price is 8^ to $60. 

N. Y. Fine Portrait Co. 

Qentlembn: I am highly pleased with the elegant crayon portrait you made for me The 
likeness is striking and the artistic quality and finish of the work faultless. 

D. T. AMES, Editor Penman'6 Art Joohnal. 

Agents wanted everywhere. (Must give references.) 

46 West 23d Street, New York City. 





Most Durable, Most Elastic, Most Satisfactory 
and in the long run far the Cheapest. 

We Use no Other. 

Ames' Best Pens. 

Sales larger than of any pen ever put on the American 
market (in an equal period), yet the price of Ames' Best Pen is 

a little higher than that of other pens. 

But is it not worth your while to pay a few cents more on 
the gross and get a pen that will give you better service and 
outlast two of the ordinary sort ? 

Quarter gross, 35 cents ; one gross, $1.00. Special intro- 
duction price to schools. 

D. X. AMES, 

Capital City Cominercial College, 


is one of the leading schools of Amer- 
ica for the preparation of young men 
and- women for business li'fe. A spe- 
cial school of Shorthand in connection. 
Send for catalogue. 


J. M. MEHAN, Proprietor. 



The leading school of pou art In the South. 
Designs and drawings of all kln-ls made for en- 
graving. Ct>rre8pondenoo Hullciied with parties 
desiring firat-closa work at rea'^ontible prices. 

For circulars and speoimenaof pen- work. address 

. WKBB, 


Northern Illmois College of Pen Art, 


COLLEGE, Ne-n^axlc. N. <J. 

Trilins Younn Men, ItoyB, Middlc-aned Hen 
and TouDK Ladies for a successful start In Busi- 
Dcss Life. The Largest and most popular School 
hi the country. Course of study combines 
Theory with Practice, by a system of buslaess 
transactions, based on real values. N o Vacations. 
Kates Low. Oraduates af^siated to situations. 
The Illustrated CatJilogue and College Journal 


liled to any addrt 

LEITI,.IN. President. 

1200 and 1S02 rhcRtnat 


These Schools are 
among the best of their kind in America. 
Good board in privitc families at $2.00 i 


1 In full, and Z 

and I will send you one ..„, 

writing It, with Inatnictlonfl ; or send me a S-oent 
stamp, and I will send you addressed In my own 
hand, price list descriptive of Lessons by Mall, Ex- 
tended Movements, Tracing Eserolaea, Capitals, 
Cards, Flourishing, etc. Address. 

A. E. PARSONS. Wilton Jonotlon, Iowa. 
P. S.— No postal cards need apply. 8-13 



Executes all Kinds of Ornamenlat Pen-Work 
To Order. 

Our EngroesiDg, Pen-Drawing, Lettering and 
Flourishing have received the highest commenda- 


Is the designing of Ornamental Pen-work, Resolu- 
tions, Testimonials. &c.. e.xecuted in a (Irst-class 
manner Large pieces of Flourishing, Lettering 
and Pen-Drawings done in the best possible manner. 
Correspondence solicited and satisfaction guaran- 
teed Addrans 

12-12 A. E. DEWHURST, Utica, N. Y. 



>ughkocpale, li^Y . 

Vl« I ,J<)(II{.\AI 


The above euts represent a few of the hundreds of cuts we have in stock, suitable for busine^ college circulars and newspaper advertising. Specify cuts by number when writing for prices. 
Hiiudreds of other cuts tor sale, dlustrating every branch of plain and ornamental penmanship. Write and teU.ns what yon wont; we can supp^ii; or we can make you anv rut you wish to 
oraer, cither Irora your originals or ours. Signatures photce.vorai'ED in the most beautiful stvle for »2 upward. Tortruits of every description, platei made direct from photograph a specialty. 
l,^e^^ mauner of photo-eiieravine done at reasonable prices. Our work gitarauteed to be llu- r,nesl <j«aU(,j; look at th, bmutifiil work nAvled In every issue of The Joi-knai., and compare it 
u tin ine work o/ L lieap^ohn eatablahmenls. C*sB MUST ACCOMPANT ORDBRS, or a deposit equal to at least one-third of the order when goods are to be sent C. 0. D. This is imperative. Address 

13. T. .i&.Ii££:s., SOS ■Broa.d.-w-a.y , IsTs-w "yorlt. 



1 . Commercial Arithmetic. (Complete edition.) Generally accepted by commercial teachers as the standard book on this 
subject. Used in over loo business schools and enthusiastically endorsed by all. Retail price, $1.50. Liberal discount to 

2. Commercial Arithmetic. (School edition.) Containing the essential part of the complete book. The most beautiful 

textbook before the country. Retail price, $1. With proper discount to schools. 

3. Paci<ard's New Manual of Bookkeeping and Correspondence. A logical, simple and complete treatise 

on Bookkeeping, arranged for use in Business Colleges, and a most acceptable text-book. Retail price, $1. With proper 

Any one of these books sent to teachers for examination at one-half retail price. 
Me'lion this journal. 

S. S. PACKARD, Publisher, 101 East 23d St., New York. 


Description of those Made by 

No. 1 la a oompromlse between Old English and 
German Text, easier than either. 

No. 2 may be called the " Solid Head. 

No. 3 reaembles No. 1, only the pen 
and the shade oomes on the left, having 
pleasing effect. 

No. 4ls based on the "German Text," and adapt- 

il Script, and especially adapted 
s based oii' the " Marking Alphabet," and 


small size p 

No. e U 
B adapted to rapid and plul 

No. 7 Is similar to No. ^, but especially for small 

Mo. 8 may be oalled the " Block," aa the letters 
seem to be made of square pieces. 
No. 9 Is based on the " Ola English." 
No. 10, the Figures, useful and ornamental. 
Any or all of above, IS cents each. 

Infinite In number. 10 cents each. %\ per dozen. 

IioHsons by Mall a specialty. 

13 lessons, $3.50. W ICHsnns, £4.00. 

Address, C. E. JONES, 

Look Box 44. Tabor, Iowa. 


Contains more oilgiual snecLmeus of Penman- 
ship than any other Pen men s 

- /Yurnlah' just ihe'help ihnt 

- Ragm« 

reaper Warehiouse, 

Nos. 1 5 & 1 7 Beekman St., 


A thousand years as a day No nrithmetio 
teaches It. a short, simple, practical method by 
E. C. ATKINSON. Principal ol Sacramento Busi- 
nen College, Sacramento. Cal. By mall. 50 cents. 
Addrew aa above. 





Are unequaled for smooth, tough leads, 

Penman'.t Journal and send V6 cents in stamps 
to the Joseph Dixon Crucible Co.. of Jersey 
City, N. J., for samples worth double the money. 



No. 128. 

Expressly adapted for professional i 

mental penmanship. 



All of SUodard and Ssperlor Snallt;. 








s truly adaplMl U 


Makes Writing a PlffasurB. 



449 Main St., Buffalo, N. Y., 


Business Education 


By means of direct Personal Correapoodence. 

The First School of Iti kind in Amerloa. 

The Course of Study and Practice includes 


Distance no objection. Low rates and satis- 
faction gMoriMiud. Send two letter stamps for 
t9-pBf(e AnnoaDe«ment and TeitiinoDlaU, 

$2.00 for $1.00. 

steel pen of Engllflh manufacture Is 

The Peirce PhltMophlcal Treatise of PenmBn- 
ship. which contains 700 questions and 700 an- 

swers, besides other valuabli 

$1.00. and thousands of volui 

To jrlve this book a wider < 

lowintjT offer is extended to ti 

bare been sold. 

Jintion, the fol- 


For $1.00 I will send n trroas of 604 Gillott's 
Pens and my Treatise to any address In Canada 
or the United States. 


Keokuk, Iowa. 
Pres. Poirce Bus. Cotl. lO-tf 


Penman and Designer, 

a40 BR,OA.ID"W-AY, 

Every Stylo of 
Pen work. 
;^i»iid stamp 





L. fl. k E. WALDEN. Publlthari, Autllfl. Tsxai. 

l9t. Written Compendium of Peonian- 
sbip, embracins: all the essential 
elements of a full course in Plain 

Writing 11.00 

2d. Course of 10 lesflons. by mail 4.00 

3d. System of copies for honae practice. , . .25 
ith. Large sheet ailed with combination 

signatures. .at 

5th. Combination capitals, " Sparkling 

Gems" 20 

«th. Set of buflineas capitals 20 

7th. Your name on 20 plain cards 20 

8th. Your name on 20 bevel cur^s 26 

9th. Your name on 20 gilt edge cards 25 

10th. Your name on 20 gilt bevel (heavy) ... .25 
If you want a genuine bargain send |5.50 and 
I will send all the above In my very best style. 





man College, PouRhkeopsle, N. Y. 

Monthly, Only .50 cents « year. Of interest 
to all stenographers. Specimen copies free. 

FRANK HARBISON, Law Stenographer, 
ft-tf 721 Broad St.. Newark, N. J. 



Adapted for use with or without Ti^xt-Book, 

and the only set rtu^ommended 

to accompany 


Counting-House Bookkeeping," 

Favorable a 

Practice Book 

with Bui 

and Public and Private Schools for 
Dtroductlon and use. Desorlrtlve List now 
■eady. Correspondence lnvlt43a. 

rhe belt Pen in the U. S.| and best penman uts them, 


This Pen, known by the above title is munu- 
- - .- _._.._, ---• --u-efjiiiysclccted. 
for Public and 
Put ui. 
pout paid. 

Sartlcularly adi . 
ooIh and Bookkeeper's 
I Boxes, containing OH Peng. Sc 
n receipt of 25 cents. 


119 i 121 William Street, N. Y. 

(5)MPbfT& ' . 

I^OOK-Kifl-INfi _ i^-Q?WvA£ff;vc 



^ Commercial Publications. 

iiiixt jiniiular diid sii i-c.s-fitl ^ and the only cnmplcte series of Omnmercial Tcx-t Books published. These books are now used bij iirar- 
lij itll of tilt? hr^t J>ii\/m\\ Colleges and Comniercifil Sclu>ots in the United States and Canadian, Provinces, an-d are everywhere accepted as 
the standard rrorks for commercial study. 

Bookkeeping. — Published in four editions, as follows: Complete Bookkeeping; cloth, 225 pages, 
8ixi2 inches. Prices : Retail, $2,50 ; Wholesale, $1.35 : Introduction. $1.00. Bookkeeping; cloth, 175 pages 8^x12 inches. Prices : Retail. $;.oo ; Whole- 
sale, $1.10 ; Introduction, 75c. Introduotlve Bookkeeping ; 115 pages SJxrz inches. Prices: Retail, $1.25 : Wholesale, 75c. : Introduction, (.oc. (The 
"Bookkeeping" and " Introductive Bookkeeping "editions are abridgements of the ■'Complete Bookkeeping.") First Lessons in Bookkeeping; cloth, 
100 pages 8i.vioA inches. Prices: Retail, 75c.; Wholesale, 50c. ; Introduction, 37JC. This is a new work now in preparation, and will come from the press about 
August 1st, 1889. It is designed more especially for young pupils in common and district schools. The principal part of the book is devoted to single entry, 
but it contains several sets illustrating the principles of double entry. Each of the editions contains a large number of elegant script illustrations. 

Connm.ercia.1 Arith.metic.— cioth, 275 pages 6>^xio inches. 

$1.00; Introduclion, 75c. 

Commercial Law.— Cloth, 310 pages ei/^xio in. Prices: Retail, $2 

Civil Govern me lit.— Cloth, 200 pages 6^x10 inches. Prices : Retail, $1.50 ; Wholesale, 80c. ; Intro- 
duction, 60c. This book has been prepared to meet the needs of class work in all schools-^public or private — in which the study is pursued. Notwithstanding 
the many excellent books on this subject, most, if not all of them, lack many of the essential features of a good class text book. It is hoped and believed that 
this book will meet the reiiuiremenls, in this respect at least. It will come from the press about August 1st, 1S89. 

Practical Grammar and Correspondence.— cioth.ioo pages e^xio inches. 

Prices: Retail, 75c. ; Wholesale, 50c. ; Introduction, 37 Jc. 

Seventy Lessons in Spelling.— Cloth, 130 pages 4x6 inches. Prices: Retail, 30c.; Whole- 
sale. 2oc. ; Introduction, 15c. 

Sample copies of any of the foregoing publications {Civil Government and First Lessons in Bookkeeping after August 1st.), will be mailed postpaid to teachers or school officers 
at the special introduction price. Specimen pages of the books, together with our catalogue containing testimonials and full particulars regarding them and also regarding our 
nret H«i»' Bimncss Practice, OrmplcU Scliool Rtgitler, College Citrrencg, Commercial SludeiU'i Pen, and other school supplies, will be mailed free to any teacher on application. 

Address WILLIAIVIS & ROGERS. Rochester. N ^ 

Prices : Retail, $2.00; Wholesale, 
Wholesale, $1 ; Introduction, 75c. 

One 3-oz. Extra Fine Mucilage. One 3-o2. Fllnt-Glass Carmine. 

One Quart Fine Ink. 

One Bronze Inkstand and two Flint-Glass Stands. 


In order to convince our patrons that we manufacture the finest Hne 
of Inks in this or any other country, we herewith offer to send the above 
illustrated COMBINATION OUTFIT. The cuts show for them- 
selves the elegant character of the articles. 

We propose to send these outfits, carefully packed, to any part of the 
United States on the receipt of one dollar ($i.oo). (The same articles, if pur- 
chased separately, would cost at least two dollars and fifty cents ($2.50). We 
guarantee the goods to be fust-class in every respect, or we will refund the money. 

Remit by check, money order, registered letter or postal note, at our risk. 

In ordering, please specify whether you prefer Jet Black Ink, Writing 
Fluid, Combined Ink, or Copying Ink. Sample bottle of any one of these Inks 
by mail for ten cents. 

Barnes' National System of Penmanship. 



I St.— The pupil does not have to write through from ten to twenty 

books in order to learn the System. Only six books. 

2d.— The letters are entirely free from useless lines like duubie loops. 

ovals, Ac. Tlie first complete system to present abbreviated forms of capitals. 

3d.— The lateral spacing is uniform, each word fining a g-ivcn space and no 
crowding or stretching l<' secure such results. 

4th. — Beautifully printed by Lithography ! No Cheap Relief Plate Printing ! 

5th,— Words used are all familiar to the pupH. Contrast them with such 

words as " zeugma, urquesne, xylus, tenafly, mimetic, and xuthus." 

6th —Each book contains four pages of practice paper— one sixth 

more paper than in the books of any other series — and the paper is the best ever 
used for copy books. 

7th.— Business forms are elaborately engraved on steel ^md printed un 

tinted paper, rendering them very attractive to the pupil. 
8th.— Very low rates for introduction. They are the cheapest books in 


Scores of books are now being made to imitate 

the Barnes* but they are merely 

" connecting links." 

An Elegant Specin 

n Book containing all thvCoples of the Serle 
ent GRATIS to any Teacher. 


A. S. BARNES & CO., Publishers, 


Published Monthly 
: 202 Broadway. N. Y., for $1 per 


Copyright, 1889, by D T. AMES. 


Vol. XriL— No. 8 

Business Educators at Their 

Tlie choice of Cleveland foi" the couven- 
ti.iii of 1889 did greiit credit to the wis- 
tl'im and foresight of the Executive Com- 
iiiiltt-o of the B. E. A. of A. Aside from 
being on the banks of Lake Erie and 
having an avenue five miles long and un- 
surpassed for beauty in the wide world, it 
enjoys the proud distinction of having 
given birth to the ''chain" of business 
colleges afterward disintegrated into the 
separate schools now represented in the 
Business Educators' Association. It was 
here that Bryant, Stratton & Lusk first 
put out their shingle; here that Folsoui 
made it hot for them in his newspaper 
sijuibs, his "double-entry axioms," and 
his "metronome" penmanship. This 
was also, in a way, the ' ' stamping-ground " 
of the original Spencer, who raised the 
Western Reserve to a proud distinction by 
making it the cradle of Spenccrian pen- 
manship. Father Spencer has a worthy 
following in the Spencer Brothers, who still 
handle the pen and the tongue with rare 
skill and effect. Robert, the elder, famil- 
iarly known iis " Bob," was recognized at 
the start, and held his own to the end as 
"the sage of the convention." Henry 
played a very important and always ac- 
ceptable part, both in the sections and in 
the general body, and Piatt, whose genial, 
good-looking face is always an inspiration 
and a delight, acted the part of host in 
ronjunctiou with his coiifrere-», Felton and 
Loo.nis, with grace and distinction. 

The place was well chosen for another 
reason : the Speucerian College rooms 
afforded just the facilities needed for the 
subdivision of work which has grown to 
be necessary in the recent conventions. In 
fact, a business educators' convention 
without its co-working "schools" would 
be a tame affair after the experiences of 
the past three year's. It is in these schools 
that dumb lips speak and modest merit 
makes its way to the surface. A young 
teacher who would find it impossible to 
"address" the assembly has no difficulty 
whatever in holding his own among those 
of his specialty who meet to converse 
about methods rather than to "orate'* on 

" Brother Brown," of Jacksonville, had 
his innings as president and made a good 
record. U'j seemed restive at times when 
thtre were any heads to hit, but his knowl- 
edge uf parliamentary usage helped him 
out of his diftiruties; aud Vice-President 
(iray, of Portland, held himself subject 
to the event. The president's opening ad- 
dress was a polemic effort quite out of 
the usual line, and gave evidence that 
President Tanner's recent stirring up of 
the Brown bile had not subsided. The pro- 
prietor of two Illinois colleges, with a 
possible third, is not the man to duck his 
head in a storm. Whoever is brave enough 
to knock a chip from Brother Brown's 
shoulder must expect, sooner or later, to 
pick it up. 

After the president's address came a de- 
lightful essay on "Commercial Ethics," by 

Dr. J. M. Sturtevant, of Cleveland, which 
was followed by a neat speech from K. C 
Spencer, of Milwaukee, delivered in his 
best vein. It soon became evident that 
age was powerless to wither or custom to 
stale thcexuberance of the old wheel-horse, 
who thus early in the session gave warn- 
ing that he was ou hand with all his facul- 
ties at cMl. Mrs. Sara, who has become 
one of the essential figures at business 
educatora' conventions, held herself in 
equipoise for the heavy work which came 

excellent example of off-hand eloquence, 
and a plea for business colleges and a 
paper by Professor Olncy, formerly of New 
York. The Professor made a good impres- 
sion, which was afterward greatly strength- 
ened by a charming act of courtesy which 
was voted one of the most delightful 
things of the session. On the Monday 
evening following he threw open his man- 
sion to the convention, and never was an 
invitation more promptly accepted nor an 
more fully enjoyed. The Profes- 
enthusiastic collector of art treas- 

c:^(:>-~^:^(55 <^ 

By I". P, Zaner, Columbus, Ohio. {Photo- Engraved.) 

The evening of the first day was opened 
by a speech from Governor Foraker, who 
was in town for another purpose, but 
could not let the opportunity slip of mak- 
ing himself solid with the "Educators." 
After the Governor's short speech came 
the annual " love-feast," with a call upon 
ail the members — particularly the younger 
ones— for what was in them. This was 
the great occasion, and was felt so to be 
by all. The fun was prolonged to a late 
hour, and everybody retired happy. 

The second day inaugurated the 
"schools." The morning session, how- 
ever, was split up into delightful frag- 
ments, the most notable event of which 
was an address from Superintendent Ed- 
wards, of Illinois, who gave the members an 

ures, and his ample rooms were filled with 
uui<iue specimens of ancient and modern 
paintings and hric-d-brac. He played the 
host with a dignified and genial courtesy 
that won all hearts. 

The atlendiincft during the entire session 
was good, though not extraordinary. It 
was remarked that there were a larger 
numbcr^of new faces than has been the 
case at any recent convention. Quite a 
fair number of the old stagers were on 
hand, includinir Packard and Ames, of 
New York ; Gray, of Portland ; Mayhew, of 
Detroit; Wilt, of Dayton. Ohio; Frasher. 
of Wheeling, W. Va. ; Smith, of Lexing- 
ton, Ky. ; J. C. Bryant, of Buffalo; Sad- 
ler, of Baltimore; Curtiss, of Minneapolis; 
Williams, of Rochester, and others. 

There wtis a little too much "harmony" 
for the best kind of progress, although 
there was a little indication at one time 
that something heated might grow out of 
Packard's paper on the " Possibilities and 
Limitations of Business College Work.*' 
It was felt that he had so strained the 
"limitations" and curtailed the "possi- 
bilities" that the youuHer members might 
lose heart. And this might have happened 
if President Brown, seconded by Mrs, Spen- 
cer, had not caught the depressing boom 
on the fly and sent it to grass, with the 
boomer. Packard threw up the sponge, 
and on a subsequent occasion sought to 
withdraw the offensive document, but was 
not permitted to do so. There seemed to 
be a general impression that the colleges 
would survive it, and no one seemed to 
desire the sudden death of the old-time 
educator. It is believed, however, that 
it will be some time before he will dare 
again to state the naked truth about the 
work in which he is engaged. But the 
great interest of the convention centered 
in the "schools," which usually got to 
work at 2 o'clock in the afternoop and 
hung on until 5. Some of them, in fact, 
sought to steal a march on the main body 
by openiug an hour earlier in the morning 
and running into the general session. It 
took more than Brother Brown's gavel 
and the school-gong to get the devotees 
out of their class-rooms promptly. The 
schools that never lagged in interest were 
those of Short-hand, Penmanship, Book- 
keeping and Arithmetic. Those of Civics 
and Language and Correspondence seemed 
generally to be swallowed up by the others. 
They were eventual y taken in out of the 
wet by an act of consolidation, which let 
them down eiutily and saved the cause. 

Among the new lady members who cre- 
ated a good impression and did effective 
work was Miss Askew, of Jacksonville, 
and Miss Nelson, of Cincinnati. The lat- 
ter deserves great credit, indeed, for the 
courage and efticiency with which she has 
for years conducted her school in Cincin- 
nati. She has made for it an excellent 
reputatiou, and shown that when women 
want their " rights " all they need tp do is 
to go in and take them. Mrs. Packard 
played a somewhat Ics ^ conspicuous part in 
the school of Short-hand than she did at 
Minneapolis, but Mr, Osgoodby found her a 
very loyal assistant. Mrs. Spencer came 
out strongly in the latter part of the con- 
vention, and left no one in doubt as to her 
inclining concerning whatever she under- 

TheconvL-iiti m did itself great credit in 
electing to the presidency of the associ- 
ation for the ensuing year Mr. Felton, of 
Cleveland. In presenting his name Mr. 
Packard premised that he was about to 
astonish one man, and this he did when 
he mentioned the name uf Felton, The 
astonished indivi lual was he who bore the 
name. He took the honors gran; 
fully, however, and the convention of 1681* 
was wound up in a proper way. And so, 
if I knew how, would I wind up this 
meager account of it. Let it stand as it Im. 


THE rjcocEEtny 
What waN Done In 


and I 

of Book-I 



and Cal' 

The elcvetilh annual couveution of the 
Business Eduratora'Associiitiou of Americn, 
hekl at CIcvelnnd, Ohio, from July 10 to 
July 16, iuclusivc, was a conspicuous suc- 
cess both in its business and social iwpects. 
The attendance was good and the mem- 
I>er8 eothiwiastic. There were some de- 
partures from the set programme, as there 
mu8t be in such cases, but all the Lime 
was profitably occupied. The sessions 
were held in the spacious rooms of the 
Spencerian College. All who attended 
took away with them the most pleasant 
recollections of Cleveland hospitality. 

The officers of the association were- 

President, G. W. Brown. 

Vice-presidents: G. "W. Elliott, L. A. 
Gray, Miss Virginia Patchett. 

Secretary and Treasurer, W. E. McCord. 

Executive Committee; E. R. Pelton, 
L. h. Williams, A. D. Wilt. 

The new officers for 1889-90 are: 

I'rcsideut, B. R. Felton. 

Vice-presidcntt ; L. A. Gray, Mrs. S. 8. 
Packard, J. M. Frasher. 

Secretary and Treasurer, W. E. McCord. 

Chairman Executive Committee, L. L. 
Williams, who is empowered to choose his 

The place of meeting next year is to be 
chosen by the Executive Committee. 


Here is the list of those in attendance 
upon the convention : 

Pi-esident (l.W.Bro 

.liicksonvllle, III. 
icoi-otdry W. E. 

Coi-d. New yorh. 
I.. A. G " " 

A. D. ■ 

" P. Ui. 

, C Curt 

C. S. Clinpinan, Minne- 

Dr. J. O. Bryant. Biif- 

L. A. Gray, Portland, 
" ■ lO. 

Wilt, DaytoD. 

C.~prij"il)mun, Day 
L-\ C Cu ■ 

l\ S. CliB] 

rlali M 

. 0. r 

r. E. MoKee. Buffalo, 
H. C. Clark, Erie. I'a. 
S. G. Jt'ffroy, Fort 

Plain. N. Y. 
Biios Sponsor, Louis- 

J. D. CreoBOr. Louis- 
H, V. Spencer, Wuah- 

Mm. H. C. Spencer. 

G . E. Ncttleton.Peorhi, 

Miss Mary C. Askew. 

E. P. Irving, .Tnckson- 

I. N.^Wrlght. JacUson- 


J. M. 

s. s. r 

Mra. S. 
New York. 

Ncal, Sedalia, 

Uoudebush, To- 

'lali MuKec. Uberlin, 

J. T. Heudei-son. Ober- 

W. F. Lyon, Detroit. 
P. 11. Spcnoer, Detroit. 
R. C.Spencer. Milwuu- 

E. J. Hoeb, Indinnap- 

G. a! Winans. Itock- 

AithuV .l! Bnrnes, St. 

W. N. Verex. Granti 

Rapids. Mich. 
S. Boirunliis, Sprinir- 

H. B. Chicken. Spring- 

" -I. 

tyless. Dubuque, 

J. F. Spalding, Kansas 

H. Fritcb. Wichita, 
. H. Sadler, Daltl- 

Jnmet) Williams, Pitt«- 

M. ' Row. Pitts- 

Shattuck, Me- 


Clins. M. Miller. New 

D. T. Amea. New Yorlt. 
L. h. Wllliumti, Roch- 

Mrs. I,'. L. Willinms. 

I, Rochester. 


G. I 

dina, N. V. 
W. Smith, Lexington. 

J. ^.' Harraison. Lex- 

H. Goody 

jtapids, lo' _ 

M. H.DHvis.T 

, Cedar 



. Detroit. 


M. Fnishcr. Wheel- 
mg. W. Va. 
. E. Wright, Wlieol 

, B. Knijr. Battle 
Creek, Micb. 
. W. Robbins. Seda- 
Ma, Mo. 

Besides the jictive members gi 

Rapids, lowi 
■ " " =.1 

:, CIcvelnnd, 

E. R. Felton, I.exing- 
inurton. Ky. 

H. T. Loomis. Lexing- 
ton, Ky. 

J. H. Bryant, Lexing- 
ton, Ky. 

Prof. Twiggs. Lexing- 
ton, Ky. 

W.W. Oagoodby. Uoch- 

1 abov. 

the following 
A. H. Stcadi 
Icdo. Ohio. 

Mrs. Bnos 


Mre. P. K 

Miss Bt 

Mlss^Eipina Mnyhow, 

'. H. Kunc. Hoch- 

C. E. Buttcrlleld. Koch- 

J. W. Wurr.Moline.lll. 
MrR. J. B.hrug. Battle 

Creek. Mich. 
W. p. Rlcluirdson. Bal 

Mr*- E. E. Houdebush, 

Mre. "g."a. WinanR. 

Rockford, III. 
J. H. Metcalfe. Du- 

H. F. Crumb. Trenton. 

Mtss Parrott, Dayton. 

Ohio. , 

MlSM Miller, Dayton. 

B. A. Hall. l>ogau5- 
H . E. Porter. Jamcs- 

W, A.Warriiier, James- 

J. F. ' Whltoleathcr. 

Fort Wayne. Ind. 
B. M. Lawler, Roches- 
Mrs. G- H. Slmttuck, 

Medina, N. V. 
F. E. MandevillCi 

Olean. N . Y. 
E T. Overcnd, Hamil- 
ton, Ont, 
Mrs. S. H, Goodyear, 
, Cednr Rapids, Iowa- 
F. B. Davis. Stanwood. 

Mrs J. M. F^rasher, 

Miiffl Ada Frnsher, 

Mrs. (Jeorge Gibson. 

W licellng. 
Dr. E. P Frashor. 

T. A. Rice. St. Louis. 

Mo . 
M. P Hanimel, Akron, 

Hubbanl, New 


■. Ohio. 
irs. K r 
liii. J. G. 

• Opr. 

The tap of President G. W. Brown's 
gavel brought the convention to order at 
11 o'clock in the morning of Wednesday, 
July 10. E. R. Felton greeted the mem- 
bers cordially and felicitously, and S. S. 
Packard followed with a general retro- 
spect of the history and deveiopraent of 
business colleges. He traced the growth 
of the idea since the foundation of the first 
business college of the "chain" 35 years 
ago, in Cleveland, with which enterprise the 
names of Messrs. Bryant, Strntton, Lusk, 
Felton and others are associated. He 
showed how these colleges had come to do 
work that could not otherwise be done. 

Hon. Ira Mayhew then entertained the 
convention with reminisceuces drawn from 
his fifty-seven years of active educational 
experience, and 0. F. Williams added 
his testimony to the good work accom- 
plished by schools of commercial training. 
It is twenty-one years, he said, since lie 
left college with ideiLs antagonistic to busi- 
ness colleges. Now he finds himself in 
full accord with the broadened course of 
these schools, and regards them as doing 
their work in a shorter time and better 
manner than was formerly done by appren- 

In behalf of the Executivo Committee, 
A. D. Wilt theu outlined the general plans 
of the convention. Treasurer W. E. 
McCoi-d submitted his report. Messrs. C. 
Baylcss, C. S. Chapman and C. O. Perrin 
were appointed a Committee ou Member- 
ship. This closed the morning session. 

The afternoon session was opened with 
prayer by Dr. C. D. Bates. A letter was 
read from Mayor Gardner expressing regret 
that enforced absence from the city pre- 
vented his personally welcoming the edu- 
cators. The message of welcome was 
becomingly responded to by the president. 
Rev Dr. J. M. Sturtevant, of Cleveland, de- 
livered an address which was listened to 
with profound attention. He spoke of the 
old-time business schools and the ethics of 
business in general. " The business college 
is made necessary," he said, '* by the won- 
derful developments and complicatious of 
modern business 'ife. Men must be taught 
the difference between their own property 
and their neighbors'. I had a neighbor 
once who used to heat himself on hot days 
driving the cows out of my garden. But 
I found later that his idea of what belonged 
to me was as foggy as was that of what be- 
longed to him, and he used my things 

At the conclusion of Dr. Sturtevant's 
remarks R. C. Spencer gracefully expressed 
the pleasuie of the convention and compli- 
mented the speaker. 

President Brown then delivered his in- 
augural address, which was in part as fol- 


This convention, so fai- as it may assume to 
represent business colleges, stands as the ex- 
ponent of about 300 distiuct and separate iu- 
stitutions, located in all the leading cities aud 
many of the larger towns of the United States 
and Canada. About 1500 men and women are 
employed as teachers by colleges and the 
annual enrollment of their pnjjils is at lea.'t 
50,000. Since the a-lvnt r,f tho^.^ sfh.".|s m;iiiy 
of the literary colle;:— :m,.( iiiLjii -If..!- ..( iii.- 
countiy have addt-.l i.. tii. ti i.i. iiji i. . ,i n-m 
mercial or busincs.- 'Ii'|i,.i i m. m . an-i h iIm-,. 
were included iu luv iiikuliilmii tdi? 1];:uils 1 
have just given would be gi\iatly increased. 
While I would not attach undue signitleince 
to these statistics beyond the simple facts they 
reveal, yet they show that business colleges 
are to-day not only more largely attended than 
any other class ot private institutions of leain- 
ing in our country, but that they have ab- 
solutely the largest annual enrollment of any 
one class of schools or colleges, tli* public 
schools alone being excepted. Hera is a fact 
well worth consideration, when it is luider- 
stood that this class of schools had its very 
beginning in this country, not earlier than 
about fifty yeai-s ago. The suggest! veness of 
these statistics also depends much upon a 
knowledge of their distinctive chai-acter and 
aims, and the varying estimates placed upon 
their work and the stand-poiut from wliich 
judgment is rendered. But to the business 

educator, however, they mean not only pubhc 
indorscmsnt and present success, but they are 
the bright aud certain promise of a greater 
usefulness and a grander success yet to be 

Should it be asked why business colleges as 
separate and distinct institutions of learulug 
exist at all and what are the causes that lead 
to their origin and their wonderful develop- 
ments 1 would answer that they came not only . 
with the railroad, the telegraph, the reaping- 
machine and the other great improvements 
and inventions of the past fifty years, but they 
came in obedience to the same law of necessity 
that brought into existeuce all these great 
utilities. Business colleges came for the same 
reasou that law schools, medical colleges and 
normal schools came. They came for the same 
reason that industrial and manual-ti'aining 
schools are now coming all over the country. 
They came in obedience to a power stronger 
than any tradition, to a power stronger than 
any time-honored custom, stronger than any 
man's theory, stronger even than any law ever 
put by man upon the statute-hooks. To the 
imperious law of himian progress and the iri-e- 
sistible demands of human necessities must all 
these beneficent institutions be attributed. In 
the triumphal march of our country's educa- 
tional, social, material aud national progress 
during the last half-century we are proud to- 
day to believe that the business colleges have 
borne an honorable part. 

The work to be done was so great, the skill 
demanded of the workers was ao far beyond 
the then existing means of supply, that schools 
for busines training aud all the schools for 
special traiuin'.^ had to come, and dul come, 
tomeetthi^KH-it, tliis jvstlrvs demand. They 
came todo and nil :iii> d.iin; ;i truly beneficent 
work, which Iml. Im' tlnir ,i;;iTii'y must remain 

The work of the colleges and high schools is 
supijlemented and helped by the business col- 
leges instead of hinder^il In tlinn-jinl- nf in- 

lege aJid high-school ^' iii-mvi-- pi'ac- 
tical point, iind availiil'ilitv ,ii >>iii li.ind-- ThLs 

nil I 


e> pr 

• t)u^ 

college. The instruction given at any well- 
conducted business college is as directly avad- 
able in business avocations as that of the law 
or the medical college in the respective profes- 
sion to which it has referenc.-. The couuti-y 
could no more dispense with the one than with 
the other. Each makes an important contri- 
bution to the educational force which would 
not exist without it. All work together when 
rightly considered and all are helped by each. 
These are not new declarations. Tliey have 
been uttered over and over again, but they are 
none the less ti'ue for the repetition. 

The question arises as to the prepaj-atory 
education necessary to eurollment in the busi- 
uess college and to whom we shall look for it. 
The catalogues and circulai's of the business 
colleges generally state with distinctness that 
the previous education necessary to enti-auce 
upon a business i.'ourse is a fnir knowledge of 
the English brain-bes as taught in the public 
schools. While this statement is not very def- 
inite it may be assumed to mean a fair degree 
of proficiency in as much of the pubhc school 
com^e as would enable the pupil to entei- the 
high school. While much of the high-school 
course is not essential as preparation for the 
business course, it is most desirable, I think, 
that pupils finish the high-school course as far 
as possible before entering a business college. 
As has been stated, the busme&s colleges can 
and do supplement the work of all other 
schools and colleges to a greater nr less extent, 

I.IIHr,.-^ ,.,„Ms,., \.-\ llir -IT,-, I |,vil,:r ..f the 

l.uwiii,-- <,,ll,.-,. I- lu>•.^ an.l (■luj.y- will be 
the lAililic school, tjmce trom the very nature 
and object of their work the business colleges 
seem to stand neai'er the educational wants of 
the general public than any nther of 
private schools, it sfvin- \>']v <ir.ii,i|rl|. that 
the most friendly reltili'Mi- -h.nilJ i\i-i ln-iween 
the teachers of the pul.tM - ii-...i. .iri<l hii-iuess 
educator?!. Foi' ni!iii\' \ !■ n - (m-i rln' -i inhmtes 
of the high siinFr.N Icim>il ft very lai'ge 
per cent, nf rli ■- .^l|. h im> completed the 
husines>CMUi< m 'lii .1 i l.->nvi!le college and 
the number ni mi' ii siu.i.jit.s Is yearly in- 
creasing. It gives me much pleasure also to 
hear testimony to the general excellence of the 
work of this class of students. As a class they 
average higher In their grades than any other 
class of pupils we get. WTiat is true of this 
one institution, I am mire, must be true in 
other places. To my mind the business col- 
lege comes nearer being the natural finishing 

school of the public-school graduate than any 
other institution of learning. 

The address then enters upon the discus- 
sion of the proper curriculum of a business 
college. These are' the essentials accord- 
ing to Mr. Brown'h view: 

1. Expression.— Speaking, reading and writ- 
ing correctly the English language at least, 

2. Calculation. — An absolutely accurate aud 
ready use of arithmetic in all its application t^ 
business and financial matters generally, 

3. Writing.— The mosit rapid and practical 
forms of long-hand, short-hand and type- 
writing whereby busiueis may be transacted 
and its record preserved. 

4. Accoimts. — A practical mastery of the 
principles of both single and double entry 
book-keeping and skUl in their application to 
the forms of business, 

■V Civics.—Civil government, commercial 
law, political economy, political and commer- 
cial history, commercial geogi-aphy and bu.'ii- 
ness ethics. 

The speaker thought the list might he 
enlarged to advantage, and especially that 
mechanical and architectuaal drawiu',' 
should be included He then dwelt at 
some length upon the subject of teaching 
for business colleges. His conclusions 
were that the future business-college 
teacher must be skilled as a teacher anil a 
thorough master of the subject taught. 
He must be an edutrated teacher in the 
best sense. In short, to the best colleges 
of the country must the business colleges 
look for the general education of their 
teachers. This course need not mean less 
special skill than now possessed, but much 
broader general training. 

There are few teacheiti who do not often feel 
the need of broader general education and bet- 
ter mental discipline than they possess. Young 
men and women of educated miuds and re- 
fined tastes could he and are being drawn to 
our work. They can be induced to take what- 
ever .special course of study and training may 
be iiPLcssary to fit them for their particular 
work. To this class of pereons, theu, I think 
we must look very lai'gely for future business- 
tollege culture. Such a course would give U) 
business collegesa stiUstronger hold iipun juili- 
lic favor and would relieve them nt ii itiii-in 
to which they have been subjected li.-ii(.>f.>re. 
The consciousness that we are uu-.iui.l in » 
good work, that we are renderinj; ji ie;il s-nv- 
ice to so many of our fellow-men oiid tliat our 
field of usefulness is constantly extending 
should give us zeal and courage. I indulge the 
hope that at this meeting only such words 
may be spoken and such action taken as will 
abide with us as pleasant memories. 

A recess was then taken until 7 o'clock. 
Meantime a committee composed of 0. F. 
Williams, S. S. Packard and A. D. Wilt 
waited on Governor Foraker, who was in 
the city for the purpose of addressing the 
Y. M, C. A., and brought him triuniph- 
aufly into the meeting-room. Governor 
Foraker spoke briefly, but in warm com- 
mendation of business colleges aud their 
work. He said in substance: 

I am glad to greet you and congratulate you 
upon the-graud work you are doing, not only 
in Ohio, but throughout the United States. 1 
remember that when I was a boy and did not 
know whether it would be possible for me to 
go to college I looked up the possibilities of the 
business college. I recollect the curriculum at 
that time included little else thau book-keeping 
and penmanship. But you have grovm with the 
age and now teach almost everything it is ne- 
cessary for a young man to know in this coun- 
try. We live in a practical age, and if young 
men cannot go to college they certainly should 
have the chance to give themselves a good 
business education. If they do this they vrill 
be fitted to adorn not only any business posi- 
tion, but almost any sok-ial or pohtical station 
to which they may be called. 

Letters of regret at their inability to be 
present were read from C. H Peirce, 
Keokuk, Iowa; Thomas J. Prickett, Phila- 
delphia; Thomas May Pierce. Philadel- 
phia; Edward Trout, Toronto. Canada; 
W. M. Carpenter, St. Louis; C. C. GhIucs, 
Poughkeepsie, N. Y. ; E. M. Hunt^inger. 
Hartford, Conn.; Richard Nel-iun. Ciiuiu- 
nati; Samuel Findlcy, Akron, (Hiio; K. (J, 
Folsom. Penn Van, N. Y. ; Uohrhuugh 
Brothers, Omaha, Neb. 

During the pa-st year a young man of 
promise and attainments, H. A. tjtoddard 

of Ro('kford, III., passed away, aud an ap- 
Iirt«!iative memorial of him was read by 
<5. k.. Wioans, a partner of the deceased. 
Tlie remainder of the evening was spent 
in a social way, informal addresses being 
fOvt'n by the teachers who were present. 
Th(! incidents of the school-roora were re- 
lated in an entertaining manner, and many 
interesting facts of a personal natvire were 

The second day's proceedings began 
with an address by Prof. C. A. Olney, of 
Cleveland. Professor Olney took the 
position that classical education had not 
been the most potent factor in the prog- 
ress and prosperity of the nation. This 
was the dictum of Herbert Spencer 
respecting the great universities of Eng- 
land. The philosopher had claimed that 
if England was great and powerful, the 
liiiancial center of the world and the mis- 
tress of the seas, it was not due to her 
Oxford or her Cambridge. The knowl- 
edge that had laid the foundations of the 
United Kingdom's prosperity had been 

n€«s " and " Religion is religion " to arguf 
divorce says in elTert that business is fraud. 
The man who will allow a car conductor to miss 
taking his fai-e only lacks the opportimity or 
the courage to commit larceny. In Loudon, 
the clearing-house of the world, if an order on 
an unknown American merchant be presented 
it will be discounted for 80 per cent, of its face 
value; if draww on an English merchant douig 
business abroad the paper will command sa 
per cent, of its face value; if on a German or 
Holland merchant it receives 90 per cent. ; but 
if drawn on a Chinese or Japanese mei-chant it 
will command 35 per cent, of its face value. In 
other words, these heathen merchants' credit 
leads the civilized woi-ld. This circumstance 
does not indicate the need of our doing much 
missiouai-y labor among them, but rather sug- 
gests the query. What have they ever done to 
us that we should attempt to force upon them 
our own peculiai- civilization? 

Mr. Kline made a ringing address 
throughout, and closed with a few earnest ■ 
words showing that the outcry against 
wealth usually comes from those who lack 
the ability or are unwilling to practice 
the labor and self-denial necessary to ac- 
quire it for themselves. 

Mr. Packard responded to the address of 
Mr. Kline, and remarked upon the 

'IViichei-s Should (.inard Against" was 
discussed by J. M. Mehan, and A. E. 
Wright spoke of " The Journal and Jour- 
nalizing." A. L. Gilbert, of Milwaukee, 
being absent, his paper on the " Drift of 
Book-keeping To-day" was read by Secre- 
tary I. N. Wright. The presentation of 
each subject was followed by a lively dis- 
cussion, in which many members partici- 

The department of Calculations was pre- 
sided over by J. M. Mehan. S. Bogardus 
led with a paper on " Partnership Settle- 
ments," which subject was also discussed 
by O. P. Williams and L. A. Gray. Mr. 
Williams also gave a lesson on "Interest 
and Equations," to which Mr. Gray added 
some sensible observations. Short ad- 
dressee were also made by J. M. Mehan 
and others. "Percentage and Interest" 
wn.s briefly discussed by L. A. Gray. 

Prlday^H Work. 

The attendance at Friday's meeting was 
unusually large. Vice-President Gray oc- 
cupied the chair. A report was submit- 
ted by the E.xecutive Committee favor- 

By ./. A. Wesco, Penman Poi'tland Business College^ Portland, Ore. {Photo-Engraved.) 

picked up in by-ways and acquired with- 
out fostering tuition. If this was true, 
America might well discern in the busi- 
ness college something that has to give to 
the 95 per cent, of young people who were 
not to enter the so-called learned profes- 
sions an education to fit them for the real 
everyday business of life. He eniphiusized 
the need of exchanging the maxim " Hon- 
esty is the Best Policy " to " Honesty for 
Honesty's Sake," and agreed with Mr. 
Packard that what the young men and 
women of America were in their industry 
and integrity, the nation would be. 

The members then enjoyed a stirring 
address by Hon. Virgil P. Kline, who an- 
nounced OS his subject " Commercial 
Honor." He claimed that the highest ob- 
ligations of men were not those that were 
reduced to writing and signed and sealed 
and delivered. The speaker cited the 
question put by Cioero two thousand veai-s 
ago, namely, that if a merchant should ar- 
rive at a coast where people were suffering 
from famine with a ship-load of grain in 
advance of other vessels bearing supphes, 
ought he to tell the people that plenty was 
at hand or simply keep silent and sell his 
provisions at the high price necessity was 
willing to pay? Continuing, Mr. Kline 

We all know what the business ethics of our 
time would say. They would say that the man 
who was first on the field should reap thi- re- 
ward of his enterprise. But Cicero, the bai-- 
barian, who had never conned a page of in- 
spired Scripture, thought differently and gave 
his opinion of the kind of a man who would 
take advantage of others' eitremitj' to GU his 
own coffers. He who says 

stance that Dr. Sturtevant, 
Olney, and Mr. Kline, the eminent jurist, 
all had been moved to dwell upon busi- 
ness ethics in one phase or another. Why 
was it? If the need of reform in this 
department was so great, what could 
the business educators do about it? " Wc 
can at least." he said, " see to it that we 
do not do anythingmean ourselves, or if we 
do, that we do not let our students know 
it. The best way to teach honesty is to 
be honest." 

The last paper of the morning was by 
Superintendent Day, of the Cleveland 
public schools. It was a thoughtful and 
scholarly address on education. It was re- 
ceived with the thanks of the association. 
O. P. Williams, ol Rochester, made a 
most happy response. He likened the 
three addresses of the morning to the 
three graces, and said ho had never list- 
ened to better ones. 

At the afternoon session the work of 
the convention proceeded by sections. 
There were no exercises in the depart- 
ments of English and Correspondence, 
Commercial Law and Ci%-ics. the other 
sections drawing away so large a share 
of the audience that it was thought best 
to postpone consideration of these sub- 
jects. The attendance in the remaining . 
sections WHS excellent. 

In the Book-keeping section the open- 
ing address was delivg^red by Chairman 
Enos Spencer. The relations of debtor 
and creditor were disciissed by R. C. 
Spencer, and the first principles of hook- 
keeping by K. H. Fritch. *■ Things 

ing a classified membership. The re- 
sult of this is to give those interested in 
business- college work the privileges of 
membership at a lower rate than is charged 
active members. The ciassifiration as 
finally adjusted is as follows* Active mem- 
bers, dues $5 annually, membership for- 
feited by non-payment, or ^50 for life mem- 
bership; associate members (entitled to 
take part in the proceedings, but having 
no vote on matters of finance, &c.), $2 
annually. Provision was also made for the 
election of honorary members. 

The report of the Book-keeping section 
was offered by J. H. Bryant; the section 
of Calculations by I. N. Wright, and the 
Penmanship section by D. T. Ames. The 
section work was then suspended to listen 
to an address by Dr. Richard Edwards, 
Superintendent of Public Instruction for 
the State of Illinois. His subject was 
"Results and Tendencies in Educational 
Thought and Practice." The addrcns was 
wholly admirable and elicited warm ap- 
plause. Here are a few of his flashing 

It is a poor culture which exercises the 
memory and neglects the imagination and rea- 
soning faculty. 

Every educational plan which does not aim 
at the teaching of all who ai-e capable of being 
taught must be defective. 

We read that in lft55 a Fi-ench writer of promi- 
nence, speaking of the office of teacher, says that 
" it is without luster, without plea-wre and 
without intei-est. " That cannot be said to-day . 

The teacher of to-day must have Nlflll enough ' 
to make a successful appeal to higher motives 
than a fear of pain. 

The man with an axe to grind is veiy ubiqui- 
tou*— that is. there arp (»ersons who desu^ to 

ride into fame and fortune on the backs of edu- 
cational hobbies, and they think the field opens 
f'^r them a good opportunity. 

One of the most promising signs of the times 
is the fact that labor organiratious are insisting 
on an effective compulsory education law. 

The work of the sections wss carried 
forward vigorously at the afternoon ses- 
sion. In the Book-keeping department the 
subject of posting and trial balances was 
presented by M. H. Davis and discussed by 
various other members. C. Bayless ex- 
hibited a combination day-book, journal 
and cash-book for the uso'of professional 
men and others acting as their own book- 
keepers, which was examined and its 
merits discussed at some length. E. H. 
Fritch read a ])apcr on the check system, 
which was well received. Practical ac- 
counting and office work was discussed by 
H. M. Row. 

Only one paper wiu, presented in the 
section of Calculations, and that was on 
"Rapid Calculations and Addition," by 
J. M. Mehan. The paper was discussed 
by Ira Mayhcw, 0. F. Williams and 

A large audience was attracted by Mrs. 
Sara A. Spencer's paper on -'What Ex- 
amination in English should be given 
Students on Entrance and Graduation?" 
Her first sentence was full of signillcancc: 
"The popular outcry against examinations 
as a test of proficiency and ability in insti- 
tutions of learning and for admission to 
the civil service is the outcry of ignorance 
and inefficiency against intelligence and 
abihty." The failure to be able to com- 
mit knowledge to paper with accuracy 
and intelligence was of n kind that un- 
fitted the delinquent to be intriistcd with 
any important work of the [Jnitt-il States 
Government or the intellectual labor of 
any business house until the deficiency had 
been repaired. At the entrance to the 
business college, therefore, a student, in 
order to be e.xcused from the study of the 
English course, should pass the same ex- 
amination that would be rwiuircd of him 
at graduation. In either case the school 
must indorse him, and he would point 
the world to the school he left as his A/ma 
Mater. The practice of the school that the 
essayist represented was to use the same 
set of examination papers for their candi- 
dates for graduation and those who 
wished to enter and be excused from the 
English branches. This rule held good 
whether the applicant was to enti-r the 
regular business course or the department 
of short-hand and type-writing. These 
tests included examinalion en ten different 
topics. First, ideas, the results of oliser- 
vation or original; second, construction, 
the application of the seventeen rules of 
expression ; third, spelling. 100 words; 
fourth, vocabulary, rich or poor; fifth, 
choice of words, taste, simplicity, readi- 
ness in figures of speech, (fee; sixth, logic, 
strength, force, freedom from ambiguity, 
consistency, &c. ; seventh, arrangement, 
margins, paragraph?, orderly appearance; 
eighth, use of capitals, application of ten 
rules; ninth, punctuation, practice iistrof 
ten points; tenth, varied correspondence. 

At 4 o'clock in the afternoon the mem- 
bers were treated to carriage-drives about 
the beautiful Forest City. Part of the 
way was down Euclid avenue, a magnif- 
icent thoroughfare commanding a broad 
view of the liike and bordered with splen- 
did residences surrounded by lawns and 
gardens of surpassing beauty. It is claimed 
that this is the finest residence street in 
America, and the claim seems to be well 
founded. Most of the leading American 
cities are known to the writer, but none 
of those boaat of so beautiful a residence 
street as Euclid avenue. 

Returning to the college, a pleasaat 
evening was spent in social intercourse. 
Music was discoursed by an excellent or- 
chestra, and light refreshments were 
served. Hiss Mary Fclton presided at the 
piano and her sister, Miss Graco, executed 

a pleasing solo, which was received with 
hearty applause. Mrs. G. W. Brown sang 
a deliKhtful selection and Mrs. F. D. Gors- 
line first sang a solo and then whistled 
another. Both were charmingly rendered, 
and the auditors showed their pleasure by 
vigorous applause. As a concluding cere- 
mony the gtiests formed in procession 
and marched past the officers, each being 
introduced by name. 


The educators and their friends, making 
lip a party of about 200, enjoyed a de- 
lightful excursion on Saturday by steamer 
on Lake Erie to Put-In Bay. There were 
nmsic and story-telling and good cheer 
without end, J. H. Bryant particularly 
distinguishing himself by his vocal efforts. 
A few of the members availed themselves 
also of the opportunity of visiting Niagara 
Falls by special excursion, returning Mon- 
day morning. 

A.t the Monday morning session Messrs. 
Chapman, Kow aud Bogardus were ap- 
pointed a Committee of Audit. The mat-' 
ter of publishing the proceedings was left 
to the Executive Committee, W. E. Mc- 
Cord being selected to edit them. Enos 
Spencer offered this resolution ; 

Itrsolved, That we recommend to the busi- 
ness college fraternity of the United States aud 
Canada that they set aside aud establish the sec- 
ond Friday of June of each year as ■' Business 
College Day," and on that day give excui-sions, 
have jjicnics, hold reunions, or do such other 
things as the customs of theii- locality may 
dictate, which will set aside the day as one of 
enjoyment and recreation in chai'ge of the 
alumni and students of the busiuess college. 

The resolution was received with much 
favor and un«nimously adopted, and the 
secretary was instructed to send a circular 
touching the question to the principal of 
every buMucss school in tlie United Slates 
and Canada. The Executive Committee 
will ri quest that next year each school 
within the limits of the association make 
an exhibit of its work at the next annual 

Then came the liveliest incidents of the 
entire meeting. Mr. Packard started the 
bull rolling with a paper on "The I*ossi- 
bilitiesand Limitations of Business College 
Work." He regretted that he had dwelt 
so long on the " limitations'' of the work 
that he could not do justice to the "possi- 
bilities " w ilhiu the limits ot his paper. He 
referred in the outset to a sharp criti- 
cism recently printed in a New York class 
paper, in which the generally accepted 
work of business colleges is held up to 
severe condemnation if not to ridicule. 
The paper in question editorially referred 
1(1 the matter as follows: 

Certain it is that the eommei'cial schools of 
our country are not as fairly supiiorted or as 
favorably considered by the business com- 
munity a.s it would be well for them to be and 
as thfir merits should demand if they were 
what lla-ir names would mdicat«. 

Mr. Packard took up the challenge thus 
thrown out aud said it was no sntlicient 
answer to |)iirade the fact that over 00,000 
pupils were in attendance on commercial 
colleges, nor that in the main the schools 
gave sati.sfaclion to their patrons and are 
increasing in patronage and public estima- 
tion. All this might be true and still the 
schools fall far short of the public demand 
and of their opportunities. So far, how. 
ever, a» concerned the choice of the rather 
high-sounding title of business college, no 
blame should attach to the teacher of to- 
day. The name may have been originally 
adopted from an unholy impulse, but long 
use has made it soircely an assumption. 
No business college ever laid claim to mak- 
ing thorough financiers of its pupils, but 
the efforts at practical teaching are shown 
in the establishment ut one time and an- 
otlicr of telegraph schools and printing 
classes, and the organization us at present 
of mimic business committees within the 
schools, in which all the activities of com- 

mercial aud industrial life are called out. 
And beyond this, intelligent and enthu- 
siastic teachers have projected broader 
courses of training and entered the do- 
main of philosophy, political economy, 
commercial law, civics, political history, 
parliamentary usages, modern languages 
and all that is necessary for the busi- 
ness man and the citizen. The business 
colleges as now conducted more clearly 
represent than any other class of schools 
the American idea of education. There 
seems to be no two institutions in the 
country which have the same ideas us to 
the possibilities and limitations of their 
work. The possibilities of our w^ork are 
limited in many cases by the short time 
students can remain with us. Each school 
should be the best possible expression of 
its head. It is a matter of some interest 
to all of us whether persons should be 
permitted to hold diplomas from business 
colleges who are conspicuously lacking in 
general education. The main trouble with 
our graduates is ihat they are not thinkers 
but routinists. Continuing, he said: 

The study of law can never be with 
us exhaustive, no matter how many new 
law books may be written nor how many 
new devices adopted for teaching the old 
ones. The most that we can hope to do in 
this way is to make it plain to om- students 
that in all luattere of legal importance their 
only safety is to employ a eomi>etent lawyer. 
Political economy will probably continue to 
be published in our ciifulars as one of the in- 
ducements, but it will never be taught in om* 
schools in any thorough way. Commercial 
geography is still further from any probabiUty 
of becoming an important or even a secondary 
study. The science of government has an at- 
tractive sound aud looks well in print, but it is 
a science which men practice without under- 
standing and which one may study for a 
life-time and die in ignorance of. 

It is charged against us that we do not give 
enough thought to commerciol elhics. The 
point is well taken ; we should not only teach 
honesty, but we should practice it; and I trust 
I utter no new thought when I say that the 
best if not the only way to teach it is to prac- 
tice it. Never He to a student and never 
cheat him, and he will carry the instruction of 
your example to the end of his days. Liet him 
be able to say of you, "I never knew bira to 
make a false statement, even by indirection, 
and I never knew him to do a mean thing or to 
express a mean thought," and his friends will 
excuse you for not keeping on call a jitofessoi- 
of commereiol otbics. 

The paper was followed by a sharp dis- 
cussion. President Brown paid a high 
compliment to Mr. Packard as the leader 
of business -col lege work in the United 
States, and expressed surprise that one 
who had so often led the convention in 
golden views of the possibilities of the 
commercial college should have found 
their limitations so narrowing. The presi- 
dent saw in these ijslitutJous the great 
practical schools oi the country, with four- 
year courses and the audition of manual- 
training departments. 

Mrs. Spencer indorsed President Brown. 
Hitherto she had always found it a pleas- 
ure to follow wherever Mr, Packard would 
lead. She could do so no longer. The 
narrow views set forth in this very 
depressing paper led her to exclaim, 
"How are the mighty fallen." She con- 
tended that this is the age of electricity, 
and that it is now possible to teach a child 
more in six months than it once was in six 
years, by giving point and precision to his 
studies. In contravention of the state- 
ment that commercial geography, com- 
mercial law and civics could not be success- 
fully taught, Mrs. Spencer otTcred to show 
that they were taught and with good re- 

Mr. Wilt agreed with Mr. Packard that 
the commercial school must meet the de- 
mands forced upon it, and do thorough 
work in the narrow time usually allotted 

Mr. H. C. Spencer believed the time 
would be increased in the future as in the 
piwt. In*l8.')0 the business course was six 
weeks, but in 1889, often two years with 
an average in Mr. Packard's figures of 
eight months. 

Mr, Yerex said that if business colleges 
went on and changed themselves into 
schools of general culture other schools 
would rise up and take the place now held 
by the business college, and thus would 
we be defeating our own great purpose in 
giving special training. 

Vice-President Gray stooi with Mr. 
Packard. "If we try to do the work of 
literary colleges,"' he said, " they will re- 
turn the compliment, as some in the East 
are now doiosr, by adding a commercial 
department and doing our work." 

Mr. It. C. Spencer, found wisdom in all 
the remarks. He understood Professor 
Packard to speak of the business college 
as it is and of its present limitations, not of 
business education in the abstract nor of 
its possibilities. For one, he wished that 
.the gifted essayist had found time to treat 
of the second phase of his subject, which 
he seems to have left out. 

Mr. Goodyear said the power to do was 
the very lack in modern education that 
the business college aimed to supply, and 
it ought not to attempt more than it could 
do thoroughly. 

Mr. Packard defended his position by 
saying that he was not speaking of the 
limitaiions of his own college in New- 
York, nor ot others where by having a 
lontrcr course these branches could be 
taught, but of the 150 colleges whose 
average course was less than eight months. 
His paper was awakening just the discus- 
sion hi- had hoped to bring out when he 

Mr Feltou said that the teacher, if a 
practical man, would ask, first, how long 
the pupil could remain, and then do the 
best he could io the limits allowed. 

Secrt-tary McCord thought that the time 
would come when the term "business 
college " would not be a misnomer. These 
schools would then be colleges having a 
course of study with business as its basis. 
Mr. R. C. Spencer rose to add that there 
were subjective as well as objective limit- 
ations, and that in old times the brief 
courses corresponded to the meager attain- 
ments of the instructors. There were bet- 
ter times ahead. 

Hon. Ira Mayhew, the patriarch of the 
convention, read an excellent paper on 
"The Choice of a Business." He said 
that people should first do something that 
ought to be done, and, secondly, should do 
that something well. Agriculture, the 
mechanical arts, the learned professions 
and the honest exchange of goods were 
honorable callings. 

The various sections had interesting ses- 
sions during the afternoon. The sections 
of Calculations and English united and the 
time was divided between these two de- 

The English side of the programme was 
sustained by S. C. Williams in an able 

Super on "Original Letter- Writing." The 
iscussion that followed was participated 
in by O. P. Williams, J. H. Bryant, G. 
W. Brown, S. S. Packard, Mrs. Spencer, 
Mr. Jeffries, Mr. McCord and others. The 
exercise on calculations was also a live one, 
" Profit and Loss," by E. P. Irving. The 
discussion was sustained by Messrs. Bogar- 
dus, Jeffrey, Sadler, Bryant and Miss 
Mary Askew. 

The Book-keeping section first considered 
" lutercourse Between Colleges and Busi- 
ness Practice," two hours being consumed 
in a general debate on the theme. The 
only other topic touched upon was " Joint 
Stock Companies," dealt with in two 
papers, one by Hon. Ira Mayhew and the 
other by Enos Spencer. 

In the evening a very pleasant reception 
was given to the members at the resi- 
dence of Professor Oluey. The house is 
literally stored with rare pictures, tn-ic-d- 
hrac, articles of c?rtu and objects of his- 
torical value and interest. 

TAc Cloainu Hay. 

President Brown called the 
to order Tuesday morning. The 
lee up[)ointed to consider the recommenda- 
tions in the president's address reported, 
commending the paper and particularly 
the part that emphasized the need of more 
competent teachets in the business col- 

Mr. Packard then took the floor to ex- 
plain further the position taken in his 
paper on Monday regarding the present 
limitations of commercial colleges. It w as 
written on the limitations m he found 

them in response to the questions he Ind 
sent out to the business colleges. Tbi' 
returns showed that the average time of 
graduation in 150 colleges was eight 
months and the average term of attendimcf 
four months. The question he had aimed 
to answer was. What can be done in four 
monthsj the averasre time the student cun 
remain in the commercial school? "We 
have a work to do," he said, "and it 
is to give the instruction that iniblii 
schools, high schools and even colleges 
leave Undone." He closed by asking tlmt 
his paper be expunged from the miuutcs 
of the meeting. 

Mrs. Spencer, in a speech of much 
warmth, seconded Mr. Packard's request, 
and moved that he have the privilege of 
withdrawing his paper. 

The motion was stoutly opposed by 
Robert C. Spencer and Mr. McCord. 
They moved that Mr. Packard be asked 
to complete his paper by adding the 
college "possibilities" to its "limitji- 
tions," nnd that the whole appear. This 
motion prevailed. 

Mrs. Spencer read an admirable paper 
in which, she discussed "Woman as a 
Legal Factor" and " Business Tniining for 

Congressmtin Burton gave a brief ad- 
dress expressing his pleasure at seeing the 
convention in Cleveland, and paid a high 
tribute to the gray-haired men who had 
seen the sowing and were now reaping the 
harvests of good that commerciid education 
had accomplished. 

The last paper of the morning was by 
Mr. S. C. Williams, on "Double Entry 
and the Catechism." It was devoted to 
impressing the value of the stiiily of law 

I the c 

In the section of Ca!ciil:iii'>!J-, it tlie 
afternoon session, commissioiL awA brok- 
erage were treated by Mr. Jt tTii\ s junl Mr, 
Wright, and J. H. Bryant gave a very good 
paper on " How to Introduce a New Sub- 
iect." Miss Mary C. Askew, for the En- 
glish department, gave a bright paper on 
"Language Lessons," and was followed 
in discussion by Mrs. Spencer. The Book- 
keeping section devoted the entire after- 
noon to the discussion of papers on 
" Building Association Accounts," by 
Thomas A. Rice and J. W. Warr. 

This ended the section work of the ses- 
sion, which all had pronounced both pleas- 
ant and profitable. 

At 4 o'clock the convention met in gen- 
eral session again. Mrs. Sara A. Spencer, 
S. S. Packard and D. T. Ames were made 
a committee to convey to Professor and 
Mi-s. Olney the high appreciation of the 
association, and have the tribute appropri- 
ately engrossed. 

The following gentlemen were made 
honorary members: Gov. J. B. Foraker, 
Congressman T. E. Burton, Virgil P. Kline, 
Prof. C. A. Olnev, Rev. J. M. Sturtevant. 
D.D.. Dr. Richard Edwards, Prof. J. W. 
Warr, L.W. Day, and Rev. Cyrus S. Bates, 

The convention then proceeded to the 
election of officers, with the result given 

Mr. Packard put Mr. Feltou in nom- 
ination, paying an eloquent tribute to 
that gentleman's character and abilities. 
The nomination was seconded by Vice- 
President Gray and wa.-* carried by acchi- 

There was some discussion as to the se- 
lection of a place for the next meeting. 
Some of the members wished to go to 
Graud Rapids, Mich., upon the invitation 
of Mr. Yerex, backed up by the Mayor 
and Board of Trade of that city. Others 
indicated a preference for Lake Chautau- 
qua. The matter was left to the future 
decision of the Executive Committee. 

Messrs. Goodyear, Packard and Row- 
were appointed a committee to reoort at 
the next meeting a scheme of intercom- 
munication between the colleges repre- 
sented in the association. 

After passing resolutions of thanks to 
the citizens of Cleveland for their bounti- 
ful hospitality, also the press, and appro- 
priately acknowledging kindnesses ex- 
tended by various persons, including the 
officers, the convention adjourned sine die. 

,■ iMeLord 

of The Joubnal.— Editor. 

pEvxEys *ii:cTroy. 

mirll CinntI Work Acconipllnlied— 

TIic penmen's section was presided over 
by C. C. Ciirtiss. who made an excellent 
chnirnmu. always keeping the discussims 
rigidly within the appointed bounds. As a 
result no time was wasted. The secretary 
was D. T. Ames. 

Mr. Curliss' address was as follows: 
The catheriiip assembled in this city to-day 

honor to 

that, guild, 
ship ?3 the 
!•' medium 
I to us all 
.11 id hoped 

We find 
niins of 

history of the huT]i i 
that > 


g, gentk'. but tirtles:? t 

■ simple copying 
or a manuscript we in tms age re^ai-d as the 
most mechanical of all mechanical lahors. How 
is it with him i Let us for a moment examine 
the technique of this w.hl.IitItiI ui.rker, and 
learn from him hm\ Miih Miiij-lt-i appliances 
he creates a beauty i- lu rii;il. rlnit lo-day. 
after the lapse of cfntm n -, hi- \ i i v name and 
the yeai-s of his liiimi- i.>i;:r.n.'ii. ins work is 
gazed upon with wnuder and delij^hr " " " ~' 

silent Sphi 

sailed with the earliest Phirru. , m 1 1 :i . ■ :■ i - "ii 
the Meditenancaii, kcepiuj:; thi.- ifcoid nf their 
voyages and writing the history of their com- 
mercial conquests and enrolling the adventures 
of these earliest of emigrants who " went West 
to grow up with the country." 

the simplest— mei-elv a supply of pe 
" nature's noblest gift, a giay-^nns 
A supply of papyru- ..r |imh Ihp 
lura of assorted colli - i- ui-unn 
him. Near at haml u < 1—111.-111 
ored inks — red, pur].!-' \>\\i'- .i ■ - 1 
yellow, rose ci'lni. \\ in ,1 tli.> l. 

mechat;!' I .1 i^»'V >• 

ring p;iL'i I 1 . ■ ' ■ .nv ri-i.m 

beautV, 1)' nt ..\ . 1 1 h" .li li_i 1 ; nl r.i-l; A nil 
then he culls fi-om lli.' earth, fn-in the air. 
from the sky and from the watere under the 
earth beautiful and grotesque figures with 
which to adorn, elaborate and beautify his 
work. This, then, is the real " art of penman- 
ship," to us in this generation a lost art, but 
one that may be found agaiu by the aid of 

of the closest mental labor. And in this sense 
our prot'essiou is either mechanical or artistic, . 
as we choose to make it. My many years of 
experience in the profession have made an op- 
timist of me, and I know that I can discover a 

thing else than the 

mediate and perfect cuuti-ol ot the miud. This 
is not accomplished by a mere mechanical ef- 
fort used by too many teachere. 
The successful teacher is the one who not 

, with the 

1 the duUest Kai 
B touches of his 1 

ct accord 
ichcr, and 
lis olforts 

n of each letter. 
,i:-p of the pupil 
v\ atching the 

pre-ssiun and uiovi'jiK'iits iif the hand, and the 
intelligent instinictor thus soon learns to com- 
prehend what particular methods to take with 
each separate and distinct ego that sits under 
his teaching. Penmanship is an art that re- 

, D. Sk'^ph, Pen. 

another kept the record of the Jewish deliver- 
ance from Egyptian bondage and still others 
wrote with pens of steel upon imperishable 
stone the domgs of the gods, kings and heroes 

>()d, and that 1 

character and 

genius forestall and 
fession and make tu; 
artf I thinli not. 


I profession pre- 

.1 lab.ii 

lothoriKV, ' " ' '" ' 

Sprung from an ancestry so honorable 
useful, it would seem that we, their succes 
and disciples, should, in this era of enlighten- 
ment and rapidly developing civilization, 
struggle manfully for a higher plane of use- 
fulness and more just recognition from om- 
fellows of our proper place in the world's work 

of to-day. 

We speaJ 
ship, and yet, have 

We speak constantly < 

: peumau- 

considered, to claim that full i(.ll.i\\--)ii|. •■■•ah 
the other arts which our pit-.|. . . -- .1^.,, i,,, ■.,,]' 
(jO back with me in spirit ?■ iIm ■ tli ..[ -.luil- 
monk of the middle agey to whniu (imi liad 
givpii the power to discover and interpret those 
'■ things of beauty " which became ' " a joy f or- 


eopymg s 

barren. lonely' cell 
beloved manuscript. 

with what intimte patience, with wbat lov 

oldest ati.l 1 . 
compreht'inl ih 

enei*gies a,-, the 
forward. If t 
of the gieat ai 
that of law or 
nevertheless the pa 
and has rewards pt 

neither mean nor trivial. Above all, . 

each of us in some degree enlarge its field of 
usefulness and add somethin™ to it-; asgregat*? 

quii-es both mechanical training and such men 
tal discipline ns- will bring out the bast effect 

rhiii- ,!!,■ jiiaij\- pir'-.iijs w ho claim the title 

"I i"iniMii \\ III. ai I [v unsldlled mechanics, 

ud.-r ;ill. iii.v ran ih..'iii-rlvi'-s write Well aud 
lloun-sh »tU and di<i« «ell, but can never 
luse they lack that 


o othc'i-s, beu 

subtile aud indescribabit 

magnetism— the power to swallow up for the 
time other personalities in our own and trans- 
fer to them our own mental pictures aud me- 
chanical skill. 

Have each of you, my fnends and fellow- 
workei-s, carefully studied the working of your 

tied t 

with 1 

Sppiieera N^r Method. 

The work of the penmeu's section was 
opened by H. C. Spencer, who discussed 
" The New Primary Method of Teaching 

Mr. Spencer said he had experienced 
great difficulty in overcoming previously 
formed bad habits of pupils, resulting 
chiefly from early bad training. The mis- 
chief, he believed, came mostly from tho 
first year's instruction. The first correct 
lesson had never been learned. Starting 
wrong, the pupil had constantly traveled 
in the wrong direction, uuiil bad work 

was confirmed by practice into bad habit. 
In the business colleges were the masters 
of good writing, and from them should 
come tlio correct example for teachers in 
our public schools by imparting to their 
pupils a style of writing which would be 
retained in after-practice. It was his ob- 
servntioii that mere forms of letters were 
generally very well taught in our priiniiry 
schools, but even these were usually lost, 
as the pupil prosfressed through other 
grades of his course, through defective in- 
struction and a bad or careless use of hia 

To correct this ho would start over au 
entirely new course, by first developing 
the use of the large muscles of the arm by 
whole-arm practice upon a seric-s of proper 
movement exercises to be practiced in the 
air by following the example and count of 
the teacher, the exercises being Srst placed 
ii))on the blackbonrd in the presence of 
Ihe pupils, this practice to be followed 
with lead-pencil upon paper. The man- 
ner and length of these drills should vary 
according to ability and advancement of 
the pupil, and be continued for a period 
of at least one mouth before the pupil 
should even attempt to form letters. Aft- 
er this simple words, such as "hen," 
"dog," &c., pictorially presented, should 
be practiced, specific and faithful atten- 
tion being given to position of body, arm 
and pen. The chair should be so placed 
that its front edge would be directly under 
aud in line of the front edge of the desk, 
the pupil he drilled to place himself 
therein noiselessly and without moving it; 
then placing his feet firmly upon the floor 
directly in front, sitting erect, his body is 
in the correct position. It then remains 
to bring the hands, arms and pen into the 
correct positions. 

After a free and disciplined whole-arm 
motion had been mastered the fore-arm and 
finger combined movement should be in- 
troduced and mastered and more special 
attention given to the study of form. In 
this manner a style of writing would be 
developed that possesses all the (■lenn'nl.s 
of good practical writing and would un- 
dergo no essential change in its practical 

At present teachers may be divided into 
two classes — one that advocates form be- 
fore movement ; the other, movement, 
then form. Mr. Spencer was convinced 
that movement should couie first. He 
would use large forms at first, gradually 
diminisliing them to the proper size for 
stiiiidiird writing. All copies should be 
placed upon the blackboard by the teacher 
in the presence of the class. They should 
also be given to 'each pupil on slips of 
paper or cards the size they are to be writ- 
ten. At the eud of one year the jnipil 
should have acquired both good movement 
and good form. 

A vote of commendation of the plan 
thus developed y/as unanimously tendered 
Mr. Spencer. A brief discussion followed 
by Messrs. Hayless, Chapman, Dilk, Ames, 
Hceb. Hall, Lyon and Clark, all substan- 
tially in accord with Mr. Spencer. 


Q. E. Nettleton thcD presented his plgji 

for " TcachUuj Movement in Butineaa Col- 
in many respects he wc 

same in business colleges a 

would in a primary grade. 

pens that pupils in a busini 

though ad\ ad. I il in \ . li a 

bttckwardiii- ■ | :■ '<' 

difficult to I. , I I |. 

practiced tiic wliole-ann 1 
capitals, but had now becc 
that this was erroneous, and 
used it OS an initiatory 1 
licvcd in aud taught the combined fore- 
arm-and-finger movement. He taught the 
front position at the desk. Extensive 
class-drill upon movement aud by count 
was advocated. lie believed in unshaded 
writiug OH the most easily and nipidly 
written. Mr. Nettleton's views were fully 
illustrated by diagrams on the blackboard. 
A discussion followed in which arose 
the question of the preference of the busi- 
ness world as l)etweeu shaded or unshaded 
writing. Mr. Chapman believed un- 
shaded writing to be the almost universal 
choice of business men. 'SU. Stcadmun 
thought that unslnded 

uild teach the 
IS Mr. Spent-er 
It often hap- 
:-ss college, al- 

111 iraiuing, iw 

the (lilTereiice of style noted is in fact due 
to the diflerfnt cirmimstaii cea under which 
the 80-oaIled railroad and counting-room 
writing is executed. Ail the circum- 
stances governing the work of the ac- 
countant favor precise, orderly writing, 
while those of the railroad clerk are the 
reverse. Mr. Ames believed that the old 
shaded round hand could never be ob- 
jected to, except on the score of speed and 
hihor i»f rsrrutinn. Messrs. Ourtiss, Hall 
jiriil r,y*tn rciiicurred. 

'I'liv ;:.iunil conclusion reached was 
thill un.shiidcd writing should be the 
sliiiiiliiru foi business. 

SuperlnltrndftU £|/o»N Ffeirx, 

Schuuls. Ml. i,)..,l S|HtlllL'.l lijr til, 1.1. 

fourth aud liTtli yeiu> us thuse enlbiutiug 
the intermediate grades. He said that iu 
the Detroit schools it is the rule to select 
the best teachers for the primary and 
finishing grades. There is a sort of tacit 
understanding that in the intermediate 
grades the pupil will do little more than 
to maintain his hand, if he docs not 
positively retrogiade in his writing. 
This is owing chiefly to the great 
amount of hurried exercise work, usually 
with a pencil, required in tht'se grades, 
and to the apathy and inefficiency of the 
average teacher. These difficulties were 
strongly set forth by the speaker, who 
illustrated his own methods by numerous 
blackboard exercises, skillfully and grace- 
lully executed, and convinced his bearers 
that he was a master of his art. He ad- 
vocated concert drills on movemf^nt by 
count and a series of light gymnastic exer- 
cises for the twofold purpose of gaining 
the close attention of the class and develop- 
ing muscular freedom and accuracy. 

H. C. Spencer fallowed with a warm 
commendation of Mr. Lyon's work and 
plans. Mr. Ames suggested that with ad- 
vanced pupils, usmg the combined move- 
ment, the pen-holder be allowed to fall 
back of the knuckle-joint, as this position 
requires le?s effort and does not interfere 
with such slight action of the fingers 
as is required by this movement. 

H. B. Chicken gave an illustrated ex- 
position of hia method ot making figures. 
The chief point of difference from pre- 
vailing forms was in the construction of 
the figures 3, 3 and 7, Mr. Chicken ad- 
vocating that the fii-st stroke be a short, 
straight line rather than a loop.' 
I'ublte School Drm». 

On Monday A. A. Clark, superintend- 
ent ot writing in the public schools of 
(■levelaud, gave an interestiug exercise 
upon tl\e best method of teaching writing 
in the grammar gi-ades. Mr. Clark drew a 
sharp compiirison between the work re- 
qnin-.l In irnliln- writing to advanced 

1>»U>'I- ■'■■ ' ■ li'-Lsnndiu the vari- 

o»is -1 > : ; I.I. I M liools. In the pub- 

lic si Iiu,.m tir , 1,1, I .iMiiculty wasconstimt 
intei[i.ii-iui- with the work of the writing- 
teacher by the other school work of the 
pupil and want of sympathy and proper 
aid on the part of the teachers of the de- 
partment. Pupils were required to con- 
stantly write exercises in the most hurried 
manner with either pen or pencil, hut 
chiefly with pencil, which amsotl a ictro- 

fallill- ...„ I. ,:> II,, ,|;, ,,;;,, ,, \' , , H „ . ■ 

fifteen n.iuutcs were givtu daily to the 
practice of writing, or in some schools 
thirty minutes every other day He ad- 
vocated a liberal use of movement exer- 
cises to be practiced in concert, either by 
counting on the part of the teacher or by 

music. He " ■> ■ - 



board, pre"! 
which he «.>ni., 
which in all iu-i > 
I presence of tin 

He also would 

make daily rejiorts of the work done, i;..y- 
ering not only the apparent improvement 
on the part of the jiupil, but the diligence 
and attention which he devoted to the 
work. He required the strictest attention 
not only of the pupils, but aUo of the 
teacher of the grade. It was his practice 
to have all teachers who instructed at all 
in writing a-sscuible on Saturday morning 
fnr iristnutiou ami jjractire from 9 to 10. 
liis chief ellorl was directed to qualify- 
ing tlu? class teachers for giving good in- 
struction in writing and holding them re- 
snonsible for the results in tlieir respective 

W. A. Moulder followed, presenting his 
method of teaching writing in buiiness 
colleges. His methods as to movements, 
&c., differed but little from those of Mr. 
Clark. He advocated the shortening of 
the extended letters and the omission uf 
initial lines. He also advocated concert 
drills for speed in movement. 

J. M. Baldwin on Tuesday presented a 
new style of pen-bolder, purposed to cor- 
rect the tendency of pupils to turn the 
hand cutward so as to bring the pen upon 
one side or upon one nib. This consisted 
of exlendiiig the ])en-holder to such length 
OS to enable the end to pass through a ring 
attached to the shoulder of the writer, 

1 11 llii V Ii, li,, . \r(iitionof someone of the 
I I Ills of writing. Capitals 

i : _ir] in groups according to 

.Mr. ^jiencir l>egan with oval forms, 
then reversed ovals — curves, then com- 
pound curves, illustrating at the board tlic 
set. of capitals which he would give with 
each of these movements. He also gave 
upon the board illustrations of his abbre- 
viated forms for all of the capitals. It 
was his belief that where pupils advanced 
in years and came under the tuition of 
writing-teachers there should not be an 
effort to give an entirely new hand, btit 
endeavor to improve upon that which they 
already have. It was not so essential that 
a pu])il be made to write a specific kind of 




" ^^-<S-^ i6'C^^«•-«-<^ ^^ t^^-t-^-^t,-*-^-^ 



' OffOc^^t^f*^ 4^A.<^^ 

j ^y (.^>l<^^t-a (15* ^*-^^^*<*^.,.a^,.^:iiti^-^^^^*^l*^^*^^W5'— 

Diagram lUvLslrating H. C. Spencer's Exercise, 

thus keeping the holder to its proper posi- 
tion and over the right shoulder. This de- 
vice was warmly commended by P. R, 
Spencer, Mr. Ames, and others. It is not 
only a good device for forcinga correct posi- 
tion of the holder, but owing to its great 
length it can be easily seen by the 
teacher in any part of the rooni. The 
teacher can thus tell at a glance if the 
holder be in the proiier place after its con- 
finement by the ring has been discon- 

P. R. Spencer followed with an in 
e.«iting and practical exercise upon capi 
letters. He advocated three-tenths of 
inch as tbe height of the capitals nnd 
tended letters. H '^ ' 

lesson in writing ,.-^..^^ ...i-.tmLni- 

exercifie specifically des'igned to develop 

uld begin every 

a letter but that he should make some kind 
of a letter well. 

Uriah McKee then gave an extended 
exercise illustrating his method of teaching 
movement and small letters in writing. 
This was amply illustrated at the board, 
and was very interesting and practical. 

John Rammage followed with a brief 
exercise exhibiting peculiar skill in execut- 
ing writing upside down; also an exhibi- 
tion of writing the same word with both 
right and left hand simultaneously upon 
the blackboard. This was an 
novelty rather than utility. 

The proceedings closed with 
by Mr. Ames upon the subject of artistic 
penmanship as applied to engrossing, pen- 
drawing and flourishing. Of this exercise 
we shall give a more extended account, 
with illustrations, in a future issue of Toe 


^Pvo^t-rianb ^cpa^huciit' 

AU mutter intendal for ihi* tlrjiardnmf 
{inchuJuig short-Jiand e3:cha}iyeii) aliouhl hr 
sent to Mrs. L. H. Park^trd, 101 East 2\y 
utrert, Nat Tori-. 

The School of Short-hand in 

the Business Educators' 


To the irrepressible penmen is primarily 
due the present idea of conducting tlie 
conventions of the Business Educators' 
Association. And this is but natural when 
it is remembered that the present dignified 
title of the association was evolved from 
the more humble and restricted designa- 
tion, "The Penmen's Convention," which 
held its first meeting iu New York in tbe 
summer of 1878. The knights of the [)en 
had such free scope on that occasion, and 
followed it up with such zest duriug the 
meetings of the next three years, that it 
became evident that the "section" pliiii 
which had done so much for penmanship 
might prove equally beneficial to tbe other 
depirtments of business college work. 
The first serious attempt to institute 
"schools," giving up a portion of each 
day to section work, was made at Jackson- 
ville three years ago, when the school of 
Short-hand was instituted ; this was greatly 
improved upon the next year at Milwaukee, 
and made an exceptional success at Min- 
neapolis last year. And this success was 
repeated with emphasis at the convention 
just held at Cleveland. 

It has been evident from the start that 
if the teachers of stenography and type- 
writing could only be brought together, 
nothing could prevent a "lively time." 
And a lively time they had at Cleveland. 
The school was fortunate in securing for 
chairman Mr. Osgoodby, of Rochester, au- 
thor of " Osgoodby's System of Phonogra- 
phy" and a court reporter of distinction. 

The position was new to the gentleman, 
but hii rare good sense and unselfish en- 
thusiasm enabled him to score a marked 
success. Not only were there a number of 
valuable papers produced, but the free 
discussions over methods indulged in by 
all were charming and instructive in the 
highest degree. We had hoped to be able 
to print a few of these papers in the present 
issue of The Journal, hut have room 
only for extracts from the chairman's ai'- 
dress, which we specially commend. One 
of the best papers was from Mr. C. E. Cady, 
of New York, OD"Methods of Teaching," 
while Miss Bradley's essay on "Teaching 
Type-writing" was admirable, both in scope 
and treatment. There was an attempt to 
consolidate the school of Short-hand and 
the school of Language and Correspond- 
ence, but it proved abortive. In fact, tbe 
school of Short-hand was so driven for 
time that it worked over-hours, and even 
then left nearly half of the prescribed 
topics untouched. It would not be at all 
strange if the school, so well put upon its 
feet, would call an extra session before the 
year is over; and we take this occasion to 
hint that New York would he an excellent 
place for such a call and the Christmas holi- 
days a good time. A three-days* session of 
honest working hours would enable the 
brethren of tbe sign language to air a 
good many hobbies and evolve some prac- 
tical thoughts for the guidance of teachers 
and stenographers. 

From all points of view it is apparent 
that the schools of stenography through- 
cut the country are taking on new life. 
No business college can hope for patron- 
age without a stenographic department, 
and everywhere gredt improvements are 
made iu methods and in the outcome of the 
work. One gratifying thing in the recent 
"school" was the persistent ignoring of 
"systems." Under the rule of the chair- 
man it would of course have been useless 
for any adherent to attempt to compare 
systems, but there whs no disposition to 


there were niways up for c 
natters of more pressing 


f»UOOilby*» Op'-t 

Wfi ai-e here for improvement, and it is to 
he hoped thut evei'y one present may feel an 
entire fi*eedotii from i-estroint in presenting 
such impressions as may occur to bim iu the 
discussion of all matters of interest that may 
come before lis. Among the topics to which I 
desire to call your particular attention is that of 

It is not to be wondered at thut teachei's 
should often be impressed with the idea that 
mimy vaiunble hints might be obtained by 
them from stenographers who have made a suc- 
cess of the practice of the ai-t. and especially 
from those who have gained a high imputation 
for speed and accuracy. We should naturally 
expect that successful practitioners would be 
able to give us good points which might be used 
with advantage in the school-room. The truth 
is, however, that there are stenographers of ex- 
perience and ability whose advice to you as 
teachei's might he of little value — might even 
be a hindi'ance to you in the proper discbarge 
of the duties you have assumed toward youi" 
pupils. Many of these stenographers have 
learned the art by themselves, or from teachers 
who were not competeut to instruct them 
thoroughly iu all its principles. They have 
crotchets of their own which, if adopted by 
you, would tend to hinder rather than to aid 
you. They have got into ruts and they can't 
get out. In their haste to acquire speed they 
have failed to give sufficieut attention or prac- 
tice, or both, to ceiiain principles which to 
them seemed to be of minor importance, and 
tliey have come to consider them entirely un- 
necessai'y. l know au excellent stenographer— 
probably there is none better in New York— 
who never uses the halving principle. Think of 
it ! What could you do mthout it ? I know 
aiiottici- ivlin ii>,'>. vri V f'tnv, if any, word-signs. 
H.M-vi'ii »iiir.,,ui ^nrl, words as and andWe. 
1 ha\i -n (I 111.- w.inl -iiiil in his notes written 
M'itli riLll-lrij-ili vifiii, and vocalized. I know 
othL'i' gmnl sl^^'i I nj; 1(1 pliers who seldom use a 
phiase-sigu. 1 kuuw others who never use 
phrasiui; further than to join word-signs occa- 
siouBlly. All these men are doing good work 
and rank high as stenographers, and there is 
not one of them, probably, who would not tell 
you that the principles he discards are of no 
value, and atlvise you to discard them also. It 
is but a new vereiou of the old story of the fox 
who lost his tail in the trap. It will he \vell 
for you and your students if you will imitate 
the wisdom of his neighbors when they refused 
to follow his advice or to conform to the uew 
fashion which he attempted to inaugurate. If 
an old practitioner should tell you that he can 
wriU' away up in the hundreds without 
I)hiasmg at all, and that when he attempts to 
l>hrase he is at once dangerously "rattled," I 
.to not ask you to doubt him, but I do ask you 
ti) |(ity him for the hard work he has to do, and 
tn think to youi'self what u prodigy he would 
lifi if he could only phi-ase! While perfectly 
honest in their opinions and advice, these men 
are unsafe counselors for you. It is true they 
have become able to write at high rates of 
speed without these expedients, but they have 
acquired their ability by years of constant 
practice. But what of youi- students? They 
are hoping to step from the school-room into 
situations where they can put into immediate 
and practical use the knowledge which they 
shall have gained from your ministrations. 
Tliey cannot wait for yeui-s of practice. They 
have their bread to earn. They need to be 
fully equipped for present work. They need 
I? very exiiedient that will aid them in that work. 
They find the world m motion, and they want 
to move wth it. If you omit a principle in 
the instruction which you give to your classes, 
you so far cripple your students. You destroy 
the completeness and syumietry of the system 
you pretend to teach, and you render all the 
literature of the system a sealed book to them. 
If there be any advantnge in abundant and 
well-ttiTanged readuig matter, it is as wholly 
destroyed, so far as they ai-e concerned, as if 
every reading book were burned. When dis- 
missed from the school-room, your students are 
shut out from short-hand fellowship with other 
writers. They are debarred from the full use 
of short-hand journals, which have been of so 
umch value to the profession. In a very short 
time the students who are now associated in 
your classes will have drifted apart, and they 
will then stand entirely alone, writing a style 
used by no one whom they meet profession- 
ally, aud wholly unable to participate in the 
progress and improvement in methods made 
by other writers. So, I say, while you have 
these young iieople bi your charge make your 
instruction thorough. Let nothiug be shghted. 
Give them-iall you can. It is far better that 

they know too much than too little. Save them 
from the delay of the years of practice which 
have been neceaary to others who have not 
had the advantages which you have the opiwr- 
tuiiity aud ability of confeiTmg. Do not bring 
them within sight of the goal and there stop 
them with the injimction " Thus farshalt thou 
go and no further." Fit them not only for 
pi-eseut work, but for future improvement, 
and as their yeai-s pass on let them have some- 
thing to be grateful to you for. If they are 
possessed of such qualities a» are requisite for 
the making of good stenogi-aphere and your 
duty is fully perfonned, what you ■will do for 
them now will be of lasting value to them and 
will furnish a foundation upon which they will 
erect a supei-structure of experience and ability 
of which you may well be pi'oud. 

And this leads me to another suggestion. 
Should all who apply for admission to our 
schools be received i Should applicants ever 
be rejected >. Here is a question of dollars and 
cents in which we are all interested, but I tnist 
that that is not the only motive with which 
we work. Even if it were, we know better 
than to prefer present profits, which are re- 
ceived at the expense of the reputation of the 
school, to the profits that are sure to accrue in 
the future to a school founded upon such prin- 
ciples aud conducted upon such methods as 
shall win for it a high standing iu the com- 
munity. That applicants for admission should 
be rejected if of such known character as to 
render them unfit to associate with the ladies 
and gentlemen of our classes, all must con- 
cede Othere there are who, by reason of per- 
sonal habits, are equally unfit. Let us keep 
our schools clean, at whatever cost. 

And apphcants who are plainly incapable of 
becoming good stenographers ought abo to be 
rejected. We could be of no benefit to them 
and they would be no credit to us, and the 
money we should receive from them would be 
but a poor compensation for the ultimate 
effect upon the school when the fact of their 
incompetence should become appareut. 

Other applicants come to us who. by reason 
of a lack of ordinary education, could never 
find employment, however well they might be- 
come able to write short-hand, for no business 
man would keep au amanuensis who could not 
construct a grammatical sentence or spell 
words in common use. It would seem that 
many young men and women who aspire to 
become stenographers have an idea that a 
knowledge of short-baud is the only thing ne- 
cessary in Ufe; that if one but knftws short- 
hand he need know nothing else. Many of 
these persons have never written a business 
letter in their Uves. They have little or no 
idea of what will be expected of them when 
they shall be so fortunate us to "secm'e a posi- 
tion." as the phrase goes. They have little 
thought that if the)' are employed in steno- 
graphic work their lack of some of the most 
elementary things that go to make up an edu- 
cation may make their '■ [lositions" anything 
but secure. Every teacher present can call to 
mind instances of students, so called, who en- 
tered upon the study of short-hand without 
being able to spell currectlv the words which 
make up the most ordinary vocabulary, who 
knew nothing whatever of punctuation, and 
who were guilty of the most glaring errore of 
speech. Many of this class canuot be made to 
understand their failings or to appreciate the 
necessity of pui-suing the studies in which 
they are deficient. Such jwrsons should not 
be received. If they could be indu<^ed to take 
up such studies it might perhaps be well 

even then the result would often be more than 

I suggest that preliminary examiuatioiLs 
should be had of all who pi-esent themselves for 
iustruction iu short-hand; that u standard of 
proficiency in other branches of education be 
fixed, and ttiat all who come below thut stand- 
ard be required to pursue the studies necessary 
to make up their deficiency either before be- 
ginning the short-hand course or iu connection 
with it. Such cases will requu-e a vnsG dis- 
crimination on the part of teachers, but when 
a decision has been reached in a par- 
ticular instance it should be maintained 
with fii-nmess, even at the risk of losing a 

It would be well if the teacher could ascer- 
tain before dismissing a pupil what his inten- 
tions aud wishes are in respect to the future. 
I am sure that in many cases a judicious 
teacher can determine without much trouble 
what line of work the pupil is best adapted for, 
and can to some extent assist him in that 
direction. Timely suggestionsandadvice from 
a teacher who has been able to gain the re- 
spect and confidence of the pupil may be pro- 
ductive of important results in directing his 
mind and influencing him to proper efforts to- 
ward preparation fur special work. If he be 
studious and thoughtful, I can imagine no 

greater pleasure than that which his teacher 
might exjierience from successfully guiding 
him into such lines of study as are likely to 
prove beneficial to him in his chosen profession. 
For this teachere should be prei«ired. With 
proper effort they may make themselves ac- 
quaints with what n necessary in all the lead- 
ing brfitii'hp'; of -;t/vin rin|.liic work. Without 
attomptiii_t I'l III, v i.. Jill III" these particularly, 
Isugi;i-t r.i \.Hi III. ,1-,,. of a student who 
wishi's Iu |ii.|>,iiv ii.i Burkina law office. It 
isnotenuu;;li tliiii. >.>u Hive him the ordinary 
dictation practice .suitable for students who 
intend to enter upon the usuol work in business 
houses; it is not sufficient that you fnmishhim 
with law cases or send him into court to 
practice at reporting evidence; you should atl- 
vise him as to special leading upon subjects 
connected with the law, in addition to the 
practice lessons given him for speed. In no 
other way can he become acquainted with 
" legal phrase " so well as by reading such 
well-arranged textbooks os maybe found in 
any law office. With some knowledge of the 
constitution of the courts of his State and of 
the law of contracts, of bills aqd notes, of real 
property, of mortgage foreclosures and kin- 
dred matters, the young stenogi-apher can do 
far better work and can hope to give far 
better satisfaction than he coidd with no 
knowledge upon any of these subjects. If he 
can be put at such reading before entering 
upou his work, so much the better: but if he 
cannot, the teacher fails in his duty if he dis- 
miss him without any advice as to his future 
course of study and practice. 

I am reminded by one of the papers sent to 
me for presentation to the school that we have 
somethmg more to contend vfith. than the diffi- 
culties incident to the ordinary duties of teach- 
ei's. Common experience has taught us that in 
every hue of business, honesty, integrity and 
well-meaning endeavor are jostled by cunning, 
deceit and fraud, and it is not to be wondei-ed 
at that we should meet them in our work. I 
venture to say that there ai-e few cities in this 
country where so-called colleges of shorts 
hand are not being run by persocs who are 
wholly incapable of properly teaching the art, 
who, by the most Uberal expenditure of bare- 
faced falsehood, succeed in entrappuig young 
men and women and robbing them of their 
money. These men are the ohai-Iatans. the 
quacks of our profession. We have all seen 
them. We know their methods. We know the 
falsity of their brazen advertisements. We 
see theii' results in the hundi-eds of incompe- 
tents who are being graduated by them. How 
can we rid ourselves and the communities we 
represent from their pernicious infiuencef We 
cannot meet them upon their own ground, for 
they are utterly unscrupulous; they have no 
sense of decency or of honor, and there is no 
trickery too low or too base for them to resort 
to it. I submit the subject to your thoughtful 

There is a subject to which I desii-e to call 
your attention, but it is with considerable hesi- 
tation that I approach it. A number of per- 
sons who are intsrest^ii in particular systeuu 
of short-baud have expressed a wish to present 
them here for the purpose of urging their adop- 
tion. It was not my province to decide wheth- 
er this should be permitted, but in each in- 
stance I have replied, after (consultation with 
the Executive Committee, that under the rule 
which has been adopted at former sessions of 
thi- scho .1, Hi.' discus-sioii of systems is ex- 

the time of our sessions should not be occupied 
with it, but such a discussion must necessarily 
involve the consideration of opposing claims 
which would be m-gcd in favor of a large num- 
ber of systems, aud it is manifest that any 
amount of time devoted to it would be substan- 
tially wasted. It goes without saying that 
even if one or two or half « duA-n t.'r.<|,H,-^ 
should by such a discussion b<- iiiilur>'.l \*> mik- 
u change iu their systems, thu tmi ■ iv.jinri'il Id 
accomplish that result would W lust t.i Uu- 
other members of the school. It is hardly to 
be supposed, however, that any of us could be 
induced to make such a change. We might 
all be convinctMl, posibly, that a particular 
expedient of an author might be of great 
value, but it it scarcely posible that such ex- 
pedient could be incorporated into another sys- 
tem without destroying its symmetry and the 
uidformity of its use by practitioners — an evil 
that would far counterbalance any good that 
might come from it. But the person who is 
attempting to convince us would never be 
satisfied with our adoption of one or more of 
his expedients; he would only be satisfierl by 
seeing us swallow the whole thing — horns, 
hoofs and tail, and unless we should do that 

we should meet him at subseciuent sessions, 
where his arguments would be prewutoit with _ 
renewed urgency. 

Themattersbi-oughtbetore this school should 
he such as tend to the benefit of every teacher. 
It is for the consideration of questions of in- 
terest to us all that wo have come together. 
If we have not definitely deuided the q\ioatioii 
of system, we have time and opportunity for 
that at home. If we have mode that docislou 
the subject should be laid aside, and wo should 
address ourselves to the question how we oau 
best impart a knowledge of this art to our 
pupils. We are here for that purpose. Wo 
come to state our methods, our experiences, 
our difficulties, our measuras of succera. We 
come to compare and, if poestblo, to improve 
'Our methods, and to learn how to accomplish 
better results. 

The subject before us is important. In the 
business history of this nation there is no more 
interesting chapter than that relating to the 
progresa mode by the art of short-hand dui-ing 
the lost quarter of a century. Before the pas- 
sage of the act of the Legislature of New York, 
in the winter of l$l!l-<12, wbicb authorized the 
appointment of stenographers in the courts of 
that State, an expert short-hand writer was a 
curiosity. Among the few who understood 
the art, but a small percentage engaged in its 
practice as a means of livelihood. It was only 
in the great cities of the East that short-hand 
paid, and there it paid but meagerly. Such a 
thing as the employment of short-hand amanu- 
enses in business houses was unknown. Now 
what a change do we see! Without stenog- 
raphers, it is difficult to imagine how tlio 
business of the country could bo transacted. 
In manufacturing establishments, in business 
houses of every kind, iu the offices of profes- 
sional men, in our courts of justice, the nimble 
fingers of young men and women are saving 
hundreds of thousands of dollars aud adding 
them to the wealth of the nation. 

What do these facts mean to us? We have 
been trying to aid in the great work of pro- 
paring laborere for this new Held, and the 
question for o\ir consideration here is whether 
what we have done has been done wisely; 
whether in our efforts we have used the best 
methods; whether wo have accomplished the 
best reiuits. Some of us have met with ob- 
structions which we have attempted, with 
more or less success, to remove. Some of uh 
have struck into new and untried paths. We 
come together to compare uote^. The oh 
structious which some of us have overcom-} 
may be impeding othera. The paths of aonie 
of us may be more difficult than those which 
othei-s have found and followed. Let us have 
a full and free interchange of views upon all 
the subjects which may come before us, so that 
we may go from this conventiou with new 
ideas to aid us iu the future. Let each of us be 
willing tn give his own pxpt'riences and dus- 
coverie* without fiMi >-illi. r of criticism here 
or of imiti.liMi, I,, n ,ti. I [,f us get all the 

id let 

all the g 

Lead-pencil writing can be made dura- 
ble by holding it over steam imtil it is 
quite damp, and then allowing it to dry 

Moses: " Cindy, whar's my i 

Cindy: "Which one. yXmv.: 

Moses: " De tit;lii i ^ 

llarra-my and Fmh i . . \ ; i 
to Uect oHsifers fri i ■ 
may hab to do a lii M. i. • i mr 
Terre Haute EximnH. 

Among the many penmanship papera of the 

-country there is not '•-■ •' .>,.hn« Tn» 

i^enman's Art Joii' 
want a paper that 

month brimful of < 

the penman and --tul i 

JOVRNAL. You will II' "' ' 

writer has been a sultscnlKi I'lf ttii' tii 
years, and knows whereof he (.iKxiks. 

Toe Penman's Art Joursal is always 
loaded with somethingnew, and itlsa-^good as 
it is new. Some of these days we will give you 
a history of this remai-kable journal, which 
for many years has stood uppermost as a pen- 
man's pa(>er. — /(i,r^«T'.< I'eople'it IVrituiu 
Teacher. Woosler, Ohio. 

Geomclrleally <:on«lder«d. 

" Is he a square mau (" 

" I should say not." 

" Why J" „ , 

" He's always "round."— CViiroflio Olobe. 

I can't understand how any teacher, student 
or any admirer of good penmanship can do 
without The Journal.— C. N. Urandte, Dixon, 

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Johnstown's Wrecked School. 

Ibbc ! 



Friend Aues: 

In response to Mr. Sutton's appeal in July's 
Journal, I inclose five dollars for Morrell In- 
stitute, Johnstown. Pa. (Bennett & Greer, pro- 
prietors). I know Mr. yutton well, and believe 
that any matter of charity be will uudertake 
to promote is worthy the attention of every 
person who has a mite to contribute. 

Youi-striily, H. W. Kjbbe. 

llica, N. v. 

The Journal adds |;5 to the above 
itmount. It will be plcaspd to forward 
any contributions that may be intrusted 
to it for this purpose, large or small. If 
there are others who would like to con- 

majority o£ our schools, ^fbonl ulbiiiti- nii 
teachers aj-e inclined to value the subjecl tou 
lightly. I predict, however, that the time is 
not far distant when they will rate good writ- 
ing more highly— viz., when the Stale compels 
every person applyingfor a teacher's certificate 
to show his or her fltness to teach toritinf/. 

It isn't a Herculean task to qualify one's self 
to write a handsome style and to leai'n how to 
imimrt it to pupils. A State enactment would 
speedily dissipate many mistaken ideas prev- 
alent among teachers regarding this subject. 
We should hear less about its being a "gift." 
"inherited genius," &c. As the majority of 
pupils quit school before the age of 14, it is a 
matter of the highest importance to thepoientti 
and pupils. 

As good instruction should be given in writ- 
ing as in any branch taught. Pai-euts and tax- 
payers have the right to demand it. It comes 
imder the head of " hand training," and is of 
educational significance in this respect, aside 

4iyrighteci works, and having paid 
ley for the protection which our Gov- 
offers you have a right to it. I have 
tne same right under the same conditions. Now, 
I will ask you a question: Should not every 
good citizen respect the rights of his fellow- 

ness on your part; but perhaps yon do nui,ui>iu 
youi-self responsible for this publication. And 
again, you may say that it is not worthy mv 
attention and that its publication will not af- 
fect my sales; yet the fact remains that you 
have considered it good enough to appear in 
your paper. 

I have a letter from Mr. Weiner asking my 
opinion OS to the origmality of his efforts on 
this alphabet, nnd he can find it in this letter. 
And now a few remarks from The Jodrnal 

Yours ti'uly, H. W. Kibbe. 

Certainly The Journal very much re- 
grets having done Mr. Kibbe an injustice, 
even by indirection. The facts are as be 

EorrOR of The Journal : 
I have i-ead with much int*'rest the June and 
and Iwg to offer 
me has touched 

ing for busine.«it pnrpases has been dia- 

•■■^v many yeai-8.and it is quite apparent 

opinions i 

educatetl ]<■ 
To be thii^ 
and bold, 
the legibili 

Styk' is nothing • shade is less than nothing ; 

business is a free, legible 

Wesco, Penman I'oriland Bvsin 

College, loHlavd, Ore. [Photo-Enyraved.) 

i j>re 


an Rulnpd by (lie 
JolinsIowD Flood. 

J. F. Drury. IIM) Main sti-eet, Johnstown, Pa., 
writes to Tbe Journal that he was financially 
ruined by the terrible Conemaugh Valley flood, 
Mr. Drury says that up to the time of tbe flood 
he was conducting a successfid writing-school 
at Johnstown, and that all his property was 
entirely destroyed. To add to the horrors of 
the disaster, he was at toe time separated from 
his family, but fortunately all were saved. He 
says his health has been seriously impaired 
since the flood, but he hopes to be able to get on 
his feet again, and will greatly appreciate any 
assbtance that may be extended by his brother 


Vp the Teacliers—The 

1 receivwl the five numbers of The Jocrnal 
and they are beautiful every way. Your paper 
ought to circulate largely among the public 
school teachers, and I trust it does. There is 
need of better instruction in writing in public 
schools where no specialist is employed. The 
Journal would be a powerful aid to depart- 
ment teachers if they would peruse its columns 
and rarrn out the methods therein advocated 
and BO finely illustrated by the many articles 
from eminent teachers from time to time. 

There is need of a revolution in the manner 
in which writing is conducted in a large 

from its immediate value to the boy or girl in 
the race of life. Let there be a rennissance in 
writing in the public schools. Business colleges 
have demonstrated — are demonstrating con- 
tinually—that 90 per cent, of any assemblage 
of pupils can become skillful penmen. The 
jwrcentage of skilled penmen in this country 
has increased during the past ten years 
enormously. This increase has beeu almost 
wholly in the adult ranks, yet every year I see 
the younger ones— boys and girls from 13 to 
18 — becoming handsome writers. Let the 
methods pursued in basiuess colleges be more 
closely followed in the public schools— namely, 
systematic instruction in movement daily (arti- 
ficial methods discarded), and the upper grades 
in the public schools will furnish no recruits 
for business colleges. Very truly, 

Lyuan D. Smith, 
Superintendent Wrifing in Public Schools of 
Hartford, Conn. 

Brokher Kibbe 4'lBlm« HU Owu. ' 

Utica, N. Y.. July 29, 1880. 
EorroR of The Jour.val: 

On page 101 of July Journal I notice an 
alphabet by C. M. Weiner, of South Whitley, 
Ind. There is nothing about it that can justly 
be called original, and in fact it is only a some- 
what clumsy imitation of my plate No. 3, a 
copy of which I inclose you and on which I 
hold a copyright. Now, I am always pleased 
to see my alphabets made use of by penmen in 
their work, but I have had them copyrighted 
to prevent pirates from publishing them in the 
form of alphabets. You ar a publisher of 

states them — that the alphabet produced 
in The Journal as by Mr. Weiner is 
molded on one of Mr. Kibbe's copynfjht 
alphabets. Weiner has made the face of 
his letter unbroken black and has in 
instances altered the outline of the letters 
in unimportant respects, but in no 
material aeuse does he depart from the 
copy The JouRNAii makes its apology 
to Brother Kibbe, and trusts that the 
unintentional injustice done him may not 
result in injury. 

Further FaclM About IfllcroMCopIc 
IV rill ne. 

Editor ok The Journal: 
I will take the opportunity o 


, the following 
I hief short-hand 
'■ English biscuit 
'M>tal-card (I say 

' the grt:^atest number of 

facts : In I'*- 

gentleman, Mr. Sylvanus Jones, nf Richmond, 
Va., has managed to get '^,'ii'A words on an 
Americancard. The second prize was awarded 
to an Englishman, who on an Enfjhsh card got 
■iS.tfJO words. Other cymiH^litor= gut 24,5l>0 
and 20,001), and about a dnzfii others sent in 
«ird» containing from 4000 to 10,000 words, 
estiug to your readers. 

These facts may be ii 

Yours truly, r7 McCaskie, ' 

110 Irerann Road, West Hampsteady London. 
N. W^.. England. 

writing" vrith a fine elastic pen and freely 
flowing ink: it is another thing with a broad 
i>en and office "mud," as all copying-ink is 
little less. 

1 think that I have stated the real qualifica- 
tions of business writing, and without which 
qualifications no writing is perfectly adapted 
to business. Yours very tmly, 

Vale (6 Towne Mfg. Company, 
Stamford, Conn. 

TrlbuteMPald to Women. ^ 

Confuciu3 — Woman is the masterpiece. 

Herder— Wi .man is the cniwn of creation. 

Voltaire — Women teach us repose, civil- 
ity and dignity. 

John Quincy Adams — All that I am my 
mother made me. in — Shakespeare has no heroes — he 
has only heroines. 

Whittier-If woman lost iis Eden, such 
as she can alone restore it. 

Gladstone — Woman is the most perfect 
when the most womanly. 

Lamartine — There is a woman at the be- 
ginning of ^11 great things. 

Buhver — To a gentleman every woman 
is a lady in right of her sex. 

Sandi — A handsome woman is a jewel : 
a good woman is a treasure. 

E. S. Barrett— Woman is last at the 
cross afid e^rlirat at the grave. 

Richter — No man can cither live piously 
or die righteous without a wife. 

N. P. Willis— The sweetest thing in life 
is the unclouded welcome of a wife. 

Heine — Haodiome women witHbut re- 
ligion are like flowers without perfume. 

Penmans Art Journal 

Vorfc, AiiEiiBt, 1889. 


niiiBJness EtliicatorflatThGir Dest 105 

Detailed ProccedluffB of the B. E. A.: 

Geneml Sessions. &c K'fi-fl 

PenraBiiship Section 100-10 

Short-Haml Section 110-111 

ScBOOL A»D Personal IH 

Editor's SuRAP-BooK -■■- H* 


Instruction in Pen-Worh— XVII 115 

H. W. Ktbhc. 
How to Get In 116 

Script Alphahet. (C. P. Zaner.) 106 

Business Letter, (j. A. Wesoo) 107 

Script Alphabet. (A. D. Skolls) 108 

Short-Hand Script 11^ 

BirdFlourlsh. (J. A. Wcaco) 113 

Ornnmcntal Spceimea. (J. B. Qraff).. lU 

Fnncy Alphabet. (H. W. Kibbe) 116 

Urnamental Specimen 116 

The report of the proceedings of the 
Business Educators' Convention which oc 
cupies most of our available space this 
month will be found very entertammg to 
those interested in practical educition 
We have given the proceedings in detail 
ii8 fully as the couditions of our space war 
ranted, accentuating, of course, as aeemtd 
to us proper, those two branches of prac 
tical education in which The Jourmal is 
most directly interested — penmanship and 
short hand. 

In the general crowding out caused by 
the length of this matter various depart- 
ments have suffered, and we are compelled 
to omit Professor Hoff's usual writing- 
It was the intention of The Journal to 
present in this issue, in connection with 
the proceedings, a portrait of the gentle- 
man who presided so ably over its deliber- 
ations at the late session, Mr. G. W. 
Brown, of Jacksonville, 111. Having 
"missed connection" with the photo- 
graph, however, after several days' wait- 
ing we are compelled to defer this pleasure 
to another time. 


— W. C. llamsdon, who bos been teaching at 
the Albany Business College, has engaged to 
t«ach eonimei-cial branches in the Attica (Ind.) 
High School the next school year. 

—A. McDaiiiel, of Shenandoah, Iowa., has 
accepted a position as teacher in the Capital 
Business College. Austin, Texas. 

—The grnduating exercises of the Norther-i 
Illinois College of Pen Art, Dixon, III., wore 
hi'ld on July SO, The graduates represent^'il 
six Stateti, with one from Em'ope. C. N. 
Craiidle is in charge. 

—For nearly thirty years St Elizabeth's 
Academy, Convent Station, N. J., has enjoyed 
the i-eputtttion of being a particularly excelleut 
school for young ladies and children. The 
school is delightfully situated ou the line of the 
Morris and Essex Ilaili-oad (Lackawanna sys- 
tem!, about twenty-one miles from New York 
CitT. Pureuta and guardians interested may 
procure eii-culm-s by writing to the Mother 

—Mrs. a. R. Alden ("Pansy'' of •literary 
fame) uses the stenograph instead of a pen in 
ni-itiug hei' books . She is thus able to place 
her thoughts ou paper about tliree times as fast 
as she oould with the pen and also write in 
the darCwhen she desires. 

— J. P. Byrne, for the past year penman of 
the Jamestown (N. Y.) Business College, will 
during the coming year have charge of the 
commercial department of the College of the 
Holy Ghost, Pittsburgh. 

— In covers of crimson, bespangled with gol<l, 
the eighth annual catalogue of Hill's Business 
(rolleges, Waco and Dallas, Texas, comes to 
us. The work of D. A. Griffitts, the penman 
of the institution, shows up very nicely. 

— T. .1. ni'-id;;!! Uf ;i'-rinii|ili-,lii'il penman 

— An expansive tihii-t-frout, surmounted by a 
white satin tie, and over that clear-cut, intcl 
lectual features, trimnicd with mutton-chop 
whiskers — a highly atti-activefiiscmWc — A. N. 
Palmer, the talented young editor of the West- 
em Penman. This is his latest photograph, 
and it is a very good one. 

—The catalogue of the Fort Smith (Ark.) 
Commercial College is well ananged, well 
printed and illustrated by various pon-work 
specimens and portraits. George M. Neale, 
M.A., is at the head of the actual business de- 
pai'tment, Isaac Neale is secretaiy, A. J. Dal- 

— WiU some one count noses on the musical 
members of the penmanship profession 1 There 
is Brother Rathbun, the violinist wonder of 
Omaha, and Kinsley, the Shenandoan with the 
airy piano-ivory touch, and the famous quar- 
tette at the W. P. A. meeting, and— but we 
must draw the line somewhere, and Duryea's 
chalk-or^au is perhaps as good a place as any. 
But how incomplete any list would be that did 
not contain the name of R. H. Randall, a 
highly educated and accomplished musician 
and author of a number of popular musical 
works. The latestof these is the" Key-Letter," 
which has been highly praised by people capable 
of judging. Mr. Randall was until very 
recently a member of the faculty of Cornell 
College, Mount Vernon, Iowa. His present ad- 
dress is Marion, Linn County, Iowa. 

— We have had the pleasure of examining 
the circular outlining the work and methods of 
the Texas Summer Normal School, which was 
sion at Galveston during July. The plan 
rk was good and we have no doubt that 
s successfully carried out. Among the 
familiar names given in connection with the 
insti-uction are Hugh R. and Thomas Conyng- 
ton and M. S. Beard. 

—The Daily Times, Ottawa, HI., devotes a 
column of spacetothejjersoitTielof the Ottawa 
Business University. Principal Toland, Super- 
intendent Davis, Secretary Lowe and the other 


—J. F. Coitart, Cedar Rapids, Iowa, sends 
two well-executed flourishes. The* best script 
examples submitted are from J. H. Biichten- 
kircher, Princeton. Ind. Some very creiiitabli' 
written exei-ciaes also come from J. P. Mc- 
Donald, a pupil of J. B. McKay, Kingston. 

—The best canls received come from B. F. 
Hitch, Quitman, Ga. : W. H. Graham, Pitts- 
burgh. Pa. ; and F. M, Sisson, NewiMjrt, R, 1. 

— We have received a photograph of a 
tastefully-designed piece of engrossing by 
Howard Keeler, Amsterdam, N. Y. 

— Painesvillo, Ohio, is a community whei-' 
the value of a good handwriting seems to l>c 
very properly appreciated. We have exam- 
ined a hundred or more specimens of the work 
of the public school pupils and they show 
cai'eful. well-directed work. The tutor is E. 
L, Wiley. 

—From J. D. Briant, Raceland, La., we have 
a model statement of account executed in ii 
smooth, graceful business hand. Miss Aium 
M. Brown, Ht. Pleasant Mills, Pa., sends us a 



Oraff, Pen-Ai-tixt, P/ulndelphia. {Photo-Enqraved.) 

rymple looks after the penmanship, and J. E. 
Corley attends to students of telegi'aphy, 

— If a school is to be judged by the choi-actcr 
of its advertising literature, the St, Thomas 
(Out.) Busiue^ College is one of the best of its 
kind. Its printei-s are the best, as shown by its 
animal catalogue. Among the illustrations is 
a unique piece of nourishing designed and 
drawn by W. A. Pliillips. Meiisrs. PhiUipsand 
Carl are the principals and propiielors. 

— A beautiful programme printed in three 
colors announced the annual commencement 
exercises of the Westei'u Normal College, 
Shenandoah, Iowa. The exercises began with 
the Baccalameate sermon by Rev. E. C. Moul- 
tou, on Tuesday, July 21. The recital of the 
Musical Conservatory occurred on the^^d; the 
Normal Class gi-aduatiug exercises were on the 
23d; the 34th was devoted to the Scientific 
Class, and the Alumni held their sixth annual 
meeting on the ^th. A bmiquet capped all, 
J. A. Gunsolley is pi'esident of this flourishing 
school. That accomplished penman and com- 
mercial teacher, W, J. Kinsley, looks after 
these departments. 

— "Success" is the title of a neat broc/(ur« 
issued by the Sterling, 111., Bmtiness and Phono- 
graphic College. The proprietors lay down 
the principle " If the Gi-oduates Succeed the 
School is Successful," and then offer abundant 
testimony from their graduates and those >vho 
have employed them to show that they have 
been successful. 

— C. W, Robbins, principal and proprietor of 
the Centi'al Busineis College, Sedalia, Mo., 
believes in liberally pationizing the engraver. 
His school circular Ls a mass of illustrated pen- 
work by himself and bis assistants and pupils, 
together with exterior and interior views of his 
school-rooms. Some very good work is shown. 

membei's of the teaching coi-ps racelve in- 
dividual attention, and the institution is 
warmly commended. 

— G. VV, Brown, of Jacksonville, has acquired 
another school, having pm'chased the Central 
Business College, Decatur. 111., and now 
proudly advertises his " triangle," with Jack- 
sonville, Peoria and Decatur in the poinbt. 

— The seventeenth annual catalogue of 
Wright's Business College, Brooklyn, is before 
us, and it worthily represents Mr. Wright's 
school, which is one of the Im'gest and most 
pr08[>erous in the country. There wei-e 65 
graduates from the commercial department 
and nearly as many from the short^hand de- 
partment of the college at the racont com- 

— Another neat mid stylish catalogue is that 
from the Capital City Coimnercial College, 
Des Moines, Iowa. It is faultlessly printed 
and is full of meat. Above 400 pupils were 
enrolled at this school durmg the year ending 
July 1, 1889. It has a large faculty, headed 
by J. M. Mehan, with W. P. Giesseinan as 

—There were 160 graduates from the com- 
mercial department. (15 from the short^hand 
department and 18 from the telegraphic de- 
partment of Heald's Business College, San 
Francisco, lost month. An immense school, 

The Journal is making rapid strides, 
and I am plojised t^ see the numerous line 
cuts you have in the paper. Any one who 
takes The JognN.^L ought to be well 
posted in everything that pertains to the 
profession.— 17. J. Kimky, S/ienaruhah, 

letter that would attract attention anywhere 
for its elegant penmanship. The same may be 
said of a letter received from O. P. Koerting. 
San Diego, Cal, 

— A beautiful letter and various handsome 
specimens, both written and flourished, are 
from W. L. Starkey, of Coleman's Business 
College, Newark. J. A. Willis, of the Little 
Rock, Ark., Commercial College, sends some 
elegant cards and other pen-work. 

— J. W. Jones, Osmans, Ohio, sends us speci- 
mens showing how three childi-eu improved 
their writing by his instruction at Humboldt, 
ni-, last year. These thi-ee were the prize- 
winners of the school. Their improvement is 
quite marked. 

—Some flom'ished specimens remarkable for 
their simplicity come from G. P. Rcss. Val- 
paraiso, lud., who also sends a well-wi-itten 
letter. An elaborate and beautiful bird- 
flourish comes from the ready pen of E. M, 
Chartier, Paris, Texas. 


—The Ink BuUle has reappeared at Chii'ugo 
with an added name on the fly-leaf. C E. 
Jones and W. D. Showalter make up the nt» 
combination. They have also started a iu» 
business school called the Modern Correspond- 
ence College and have other enterpriser <hi 
foot. The Journal wishes them well. 

— I'he Co»i/>iisisthetitleofthoofl1cial paper 
of the Iowa Busmess College journal. Des 
Moines, Iowa. It is illustrated by i»en-work 
engravings by J. B. Duryea. It isan attractive 
paper tbroughout. 


—Our goodfrieadsof the Rocfiesfcr Baitinfus 
CoUf-t/r Itfme^v have had a new bead put on 
them. (No slang, no flourishes, either, this 
time.) The new heading in point of artistic 
appi-arance is bcSttlng one of the most attract- 
ive school journals published. 

—Frank Harrison's Shorthand Magazine, 
Newark. N. J., hasa healthy look both mthout 
and within. Short-banders will welcome it. 

— Bixler's Peop^t's IVnlinn Teachers, Woos- 
ter, Ohio, flnds M. B. Moore's lesson in flour- 
ishing, recently given in The Jornal, so good 
that it lia.<< rcDroduced the text entire. 

— The Cfntnry for August opens with an 
article on " The Stream of Plcaiiui-e — the River 
Thames," by the Pennells— husband and wife 
— \vlio have written about and minutely pict- 
uied that gay and thronged resort o( boats 
and Ijoatei-s. Little and big, there ai"e twenty 
pictures Jin this ai-ticle alone. Mrs, Foote's 
"Afternoon at a Ranch" has also a midsum- 
mer air; and all inland vacationists will find 
mutter of interest in Dr. Weir Mitchell's pro- 
fusely-illustrated article on "The Poison of 
Seri>ent,s"— a line of inquiry in which he has 
made important discoveries, Remington, art- 
iHt and writer, describes with pen and pencil 
his outing with the Cheyennes, and a group of 
well-kQoivn wood-«ngravers— French, Kings- 
ley, CIossoii and Davis— describe in their own 
language, and with di-awings and engravings 
by each, a wood-engi-avei's camp on the Con- 

there are so mauy other good thui^a lliut kvf 
must refer the reader to the brilliant little 
magazine itself. By the way, what has become 
of " Jack in the Pulpit i" 

— Sunny and char-ming as ever is Witle 
Awake tor August. There has been a notice- 
able improvement in the magazine of late in 
the quality of its jwper and printing and in 
its pictures. 8ome of the illustrations in the 
August number are admirable. The vei'y 
populai- "Five Little Peppers" series con- 
tinues. Andrew Lang, the great English critic 
and e^ayist tells American boys about " Pish- 
ing in Tweed and Yarrow," the paper being 
well illustrated. "Camping Near the Giant 
Trees." bv Jessie Benton Fi-^mont. is another 
of the many delightful ooutributions. 

Goodwin's Impuoved Bookkekpino.— The 
author of " Goodwin's Improved Bookkeeping 
and Business Manual," which has bad a wide 
sale, has presented in a logical and concise 
form the result of hii e.Kperieuoe as head book- 
keeper and flnancitil manager for a large New 
York eoncera. The claiui is made in behalf of 
this book that it is strictly a book of to-day— 
up with those progressive times. Last April 
the tenth edition, enlarged and revised, was 
published, and at this time 21,437 copies had 
been sold. These figures are eloquent. Cii-cu- 
lai-s describing the book in detail may be had 
by wi-iting to the author, J. H. Goodwin, Room 
15. 1215 Broadway, New York. 

"i;U-kiiown engraver, McLcvs. The mechan- 
ical work is excellent, and the matter and 
methoil of the wort in keeping with advanced 
tliought and scientific development. On the 
reverse of each copy are printdl instructions 
relating to it specifically, with position cuts, 
&c. This makes it very convenient for the 
learner. Combining the essentials of orderly 
arrangement, compactne-sa and completeness, 
Mc Kee's Compendium must take its place as 
n valuable work. We don't know what the 
price is, the publishers having foi-got to put it 
on the package — an oversight they cannot be 
in ton great haste to correct. 

\Vq I'egard it as unfortunate that the intelli- 
gent author did not devise a less hackneyed 
and more fitting name for bis work. It seems 
as if everything in the writing line nowadays 
must run to " compendiunis." We have 
•'(laskell's Compendium," "Shaylor's Com- 
pendium," " Ames' Compendium," " Spencer- 
ian Compendium," and at least a dozen others, 
so that the use of this word in connection with 
a new work would naturally be associated with 
a rehash or copy, and not an original, unique 
work such as Mr. KcKeo has given us. Be- 
sides, compeudium of penmaiuship. if words 
have any value, is in no sense an appropriate 
title for a work that is confined to the exposi- 
tion of a siuffle branch of peuinauship. 

Kinsley's Lessons Selling Well.— We 
are informed that many business schools have 
adopted " Putmau & Kinsley's LeasoiLS in Plain 
Writing " for use in their work, and that the 

' H. W. Kihhe. Pj-esntted m Connection with his Lesson Accompanvinu. (Fhnto-Engrne,d.) 

necticut River, as well as the methods of the 
American school of wood-engraving. Of 
other articles nothing is more important than 
the chapters of the Lincoln history, which dp- 
scribe "The Chicago Surrender," "Conspira- 
cies in the North" and "Lincoln and the 
("hurches." In the lastrnamed chapter the 
authors dLscuss Lincoln's religions character, 
and publish for the fii-st time a document 
written by Lincoln himself, which throws 
light upon this subject. 

—There is a wide diffei-ence between Hcinti- 
Iter's Magazine for July and the number for 
August, and the balance of intei-est is all in 
favor of the July number. The stories of that 
issue were at least good — two of them particu- 
larly good, and published, perhaps, on their 
genuine merits and not on account of the name 
on the fly-leaf. There was a time when liter- 
ary folk looked to Scrilmer's with promise of 
different (if not better) things than those which 
run with precise clock-work regularity through 
the rut-hole of CeiUury and Harjier'u. We. 
say nit-hole because one groove serves for both 
these magazines. The diffei'once between them 
is the dilferoiice between a brown cover 
wi'ought out elaborately by a modem artist 
(and ol course more or less unintelligible to 
every one else) and a severely plain and vei-y 
t)Id-fashioned buff cover. pr< bably preserved 
to memorialize the antiquity of the methods 
of the magazine. Change coven; and the 
reader would be puzzled to tell t'other fi-om 
which. Switching back to Senbner''s, whde 
we cannot help being disappointed at seeing it 
drifting into the beaten track, and its August 
number gives the place of honor to such stnflf 
as "'Form' in Lawn-Tennis," it is. after all, 
not without interest, and we all have to read 
it until some one shall start a more original 
and luoi-e entertaining publication. 

St. iXifholas, month in and month out, has 
more of human mterest in it, and is therefore 
mope entertaining and from our point of view 
more distinctly valuable than any of the 
topical thunderers that cater to older heads. 
The August number captures the reader at the 
outset with oue of Mary Halloek Fo-.te's gi-eat 
drawings. Goorge Whoi'ton Edwards, the 
ai-tist author, is represented by another o^ his 
bright atorie«, "Little Menan Light," and 

English Grammar Made Practical.— 
This work, from the press of C. W. Bardeen. 
Syracuse, N. Y.. deserves its title better than 
most works of the kind we have examined. Its 
112 pages embrace an even hundred lessons in 
grammar and composition, illustrated with 
specimens of actual work by the pupils of the 
author, John D. Wilson, principal of Putnam 
School, Syracuse. 

"New Rapid" Sv-.]kii uf srjnEiTHAM.,— 
A well-printed aiui .^.'inn.iKni vhuiu' i^i -'no 
pages is the new niiin,,! h^r i k nt iii-. ■■ n,.\\ 

Rapid "system nf .sliujl-lianj, liy C K. MrKrr, 
Mr, McKee is at the bead of the large short- 
hand department of the Buffalo College of 
Commerce. Like most young authors, the trail 
of the italics is over his work whenever he finds 
it necessary to contrast his discoveries with 
existing methods. Notwithstanding, the book 
gives evidence of careful work and thought, 
even to one who might feel disposed to question 
the seemingly extravagant claims of the author. 
These ai-e in brief that the new system Is 
shorter than any of the old systems (therefore 
moi-o easily learned) and simpler (more 
legible). These claims ai-e not new. Probably 
no one evei- sprung a new system of short-hand 
writing on the world " to meet the demand of 
ages " without claiming at least this much, and 
probably believing it. We must allow some- 
thing for enthusiasm. To measure the real 
value of the system of course requires a more 
intimate acquaintance with its strong and 
weak points than can be had except for the 
labor of mastering it. It is a ligh1>Une, con- 
nective-vowel sj'stera, without word-signs and 
not partial to phrasing, 

McKee's Compendium of Penmanship.— 
The Joltinal received by mail recently a little 
green box, about 7 inches high and looking for 
all the world as if it inclosed a bottle of hair 
regenerator or liver regulator, but it didnt. 
The contents were CO stiff bits of pasteboard 
the length of the box and IJ^ inc jes wide. Each 
piece is engraved on one side and engraved 
and printed on the other, and the whole com- 
prise McKee's Compendium of Penmanship, by 
Uriah McKee, Ot*rlin. Ohio. We do not think 
anything of this form was ever published be- 
fore. There ore (iO copies, including exercises, 
&c,. written by McKee, and cut in steel by the 

results have been without exception satisfac- 
tory. In addition, the work has reached a 
Im-ge outside sale and is steadily growing in 
popularity. This work is admirable m all re- 
spects, and we ai-e gratified to know that its 
proprietors are reaping the rewards of their 
well-directed energy. 



I the i 

I of " Gaskell's 

l"iiiliiinr' and regalvaiiize the corpse into life. 
\li-f siiiely is a chance for the law against 
il.MTiatiug the moldering remains of the es- 
t<>emLtl defunct. Thb Journal's opinion of 
" Gaskell's Compendium " is too well known 
for reiterance here. Even if the work were 
ever worth half that some of its overenthusi- 
astic friends claimed for it in it« palmy days 
ten years ago. it would be without value now. 
The "revision" advertised a few years ago 
was a "revision" in theseuse that the additiou 
of a straw door-mat would be a reuovntion of 
a dilapidated residence. Of cuui'se it was 
seen at a glance that this "revision" was 
merely a change of bait, the other having be- 
come long since washed oiit and no longer 
tempting to the rustic " sucker " who had 
been beguiled by the galaxy of good-looking 
young men in the magazine advertisers. And 
now we long-suffering folk are seriously asked 
to sit still and watch a publisher with more 
enterprise than discrimination blow wind into 
the ghost and start him iwrambulating again. 
Think of it I The firet K'hincf is given m 
Scribner's Magazine for this month, fuU 
page, with portrait, befoi-e and aftei- taking 
signatures and all the usual trimmings. Any- 
how we must admit that there is an eternal 
fitness in this inaugural advertisement of the 
spook series. It is precisely the same adver- 
tisement, and was probably printed from pre- 
cisely the same plate that appeared in Scrib- 
jwz-'sor the Century ten years ago. Presented 
at representing current opinion, this venerable 
relic is decidedly refreshing. 

Combination Letteb- Writer and Speli^ 
KR,— Messrs. Spencer, Felton & Loomis, of the 
Speneerian Business College, Cleveland, have 
in presi a combination letter-writing and spell- 
ing book, which gives every promise of being 
distinctly valuable. The work will comprise 

175 pages, with many script speeimens beauti- 
fully engi-aved in the wriUng part. In the 
portion devoted to siielling thoi-o are almut 
4000 wortis and forty dictation exereisiw. The 
woi-ds are iutolligently grouped under appro- 
priate headings. Pronunciation and deflnlticn 
are also given. 

Stkinku's System.— " Steiner's System of 
Accounts" is a pmctical expoaition of his 
methods of familiarising students with the va- 
rious books used in mercantile accounting. The 
author is J, L. Steiner, of the Youngstown, 
Ohio. Business College. John Londy, Clove- 
land. Ohio, holds the copyright. 

A New Business Arithmetic— Propri- 
etors of business colleges in general and of 
those who have night classes in particular 
will be gi-atifled to Icaru that the Sadler Pub- 
lishing Company (snccessoi-s to W. H, Sailleri, 
Baltimore, have in press an arithmetic made 
especially to mwjt their demands. The new 
book, which mil be i-eady for delivery obout 
the middle of this mouth, is called "The Es- 
sentials of Business Arithmetic." It has about 
275 pages, and represents a careful revision of 
the larger work, " Sadler's Commercial Arith- 
metic." The space is gaiued by abridging un- 
important subjects which are not likely to fig- 
ure in a hurried course. 

An Indispensable Work. —There can be 
little doubt that thi- uiusf n-fiil MHi^li' whica- 
tional volume evur piuihil m (in Knglish 
language is Websk'i'- I n.ihn.l-i .1 hniioiiary. 
No amount of "cvc].i|irilii> airti.>ii;ifi.v^ " cau 
take its place, though doubtless there is a dis- 
tinct place for the latter. But every intel- 
ligent pei-son should have access to Webster's, 
which is everywhere looked upon as the na- 
tional standard authority on our language. 

Instruction in Pen-Work. 


Sketch the letters in pencil with just 
care enough to get the spacing uniform. 
Put on the ink with a very coarse nen and 
study to leave the ragged ends ana edges. 
For the twigs use a 303 pen and notice 
the angle at which the strokes join. Make 
them with the finger movement and 
slowly. Do not overdo the matter, us a 
mass of twigs will spoil the beauty of the 
letters. A few lines of white ink drawn 
across the lower half of this style of rustic 
letter give a plea-sing effect, as illustrated 

This is the last complete alphabet we 
intend to give in this course, and in the 
next issue of The Journal we shall com- 
mence a short course of lessons in draw- 
ing preparatory to our lessons in eugroas- 
ing, which will complete the course. 

How to Get In. 

When I became of age, having .served an 
apprenticeship in a maaufncturing house, 
having had more or less to do with the 
mercautile affairs of the house, haviug 
kept the books to a certain extent— in 
single entry, of course, iu those days— I 
became ambitious. I went from house to 
house and offered myself for nothing. I 
would board myself and clothe myself if 
they would only let me go into the count- 
ing-house and learn book-keeping. Every 
business man I went to suit! to mo: 
" Young man, do you know bnok-keop- 
ing?" "No." "Then we can't take 
you; we can't be bothered with you;'it is 
too much trouble," 

Thus I tried from day to day. aud for 
more than four months I made effort to 
get into a business house without being 
successful. And at liist I made inquiry of 
a gentleman who had given me the usual 
reply on my asking for a position in hw 
counting-room whether it wiw not possi- 
ble to obtain this knowledge in some in- 
stitution. He told me it wnsnot. He re- 
ferred mc to "Jackson's liook-K*'eping." 
Now, I knew "Jackson's Uook-ICeepiug " 
almost by heart. But he said you have 
got to learn it by practice — there is no 
other way to get at it 

" Well, " said I, "gentlemen, it is a very 
siugular state of affairs; a man can't got in 
without knowing how, and he can't 
know how without getting in ! There is 
something wrong about this. Every other 
branch is taught and why not book-keep- 

Gentlemen, from that moment I made 
up my mind to devote my life t 
— Ji. M. BartlHt, '' father of An. 
huninesg roUeges." 

I used iu thousands of business hous« and 

WANTrD-PoMtinn ;,-|. ,. 
■' liol Branches in srun. .<. i 
IcpG; uiiiiluatcof a llrPt-tla.-,-.Mlii.. 
cxiiericiice; Kn^lisb edurniinn In 
tnstitiitcsof Cflnndn. Address "/ 
The Penman'n Jottnial, 

i-ess C. H. CONDY. SO Oningc St.. Wore 




Imnd Department ii 

I Principal of Short- 

stitutfon. Muve hud experience in £ 



BOOKKEEPING, ■{^te'^z 

Penman nnd Artist, 



The leading school of pen art In the South. 
Desijois uijil dniwinffs of all klnis made for eu- 
;ravlpg. Correspondence s.-llcited with parties 
leblrint; flrst-cla-irt work at reo.-'onable priceti. 

Forolreularaand speuimetisof pen-work.addreBfl 


r^EW-yPRK- CIT^f- 


mansbiit. Dook- 

ii.:«; five years 

maostiip under 
wiinted, tllJOl' I 
engotie with s. i 
sippi ; wuiild (m 

1 Id a well-establisbcd BueI- 
Only persons of ability ueedap' 


Portland, Oregon, 
position OS Teacher of Pen- 

Osgoodby's Phonetic Shorthand Pubhcations. 

Maunnl, Render, Dictionnrr. 

Special inducements to teacbers. 
84 W. W. OSGOODBY. Publisher. Rochester, N. Y. 


'l''l-:ArHii:B of flfteeu yt 
± entirely (]imliflcd to ic 
and the Commei-cial Branches. 

• PKEPAttED." 

/ou A Shorthand Teacher? 
n Commercial Teacher? 


waot a bargait), it is open for you 
ill s"ll H one-half interest iu one 
-.1 sluirtliMn.) nnii commercial col- 

' - III I Ik m iti' of Illinois at n bar- 
1 "1 iill fxpenscs for the 

-■■■ -' liLiol is 12 years old. 

I \-\ >i jiii inlji-rlat it will not be 
nrk.'i. Ad.lress 

»S BeKatb St., Chicago, 111. 


Perfect Position Pen Holder. 

A boon to discouraged teachers. 
A new and simple device. Estab- 

lishes a correct position of hand and 

pen immediately and easily. Guides 
the hand into an easy forearm move- 

ment. Single holder with attach- 

ment, 25 cents. Liberal inducements 

to teachers ordering in quantiti* 




We have hundreds of fine cuts in stock suitable for illustrating school 
catalogues, circulars, papers, &c., and for general newspaper advertising. 
Model letters, notes, &c. flourishes, college journal headings, a large variety 
of business and fancy alphabets ; cuts relating to departments of penmanship^ 
short-hand, book keeping, telegraphy, &c ; in short, almost anything you would 
^e likely to use, at a cost way below the cost of engraving. If we haven't such 
cuts as you wish in stock we can make them for you on short notice at mod- 
erate cost. r>// us what you want as prfcisely as you can and we will give 
you special estinutes by return mail. 

D, T. AMES, 202 Broadway, New York. 

Txw mmiAt Riihhaa tmuh ,l ,m.sI 

paid uium rteciiii lyf Uc. 
5-12 13S E JOth St. . y. r. 


And may be worth $1,000 to you!! 

braneb of educi 
8."i00orSflC0aj-e . . , 
have, then the tbought. 

Let I 

e object p 

s cousider: If iiiiiirovinp yourself i 
better position than you otherwise ci 


iiness t' If ^ not then v 

_ lie vou to improve 

nds of th" times. Engraved copies are cheap, but tli>'y lack the power 

orth many tin 
v bold good positions which tbey 
good position may be opeu 

letters and flgui 

sendy'U n 
1 figures. 

reach copies and ff instructions which wi 
ids of th" times. Engraved copies are cheap, 
the effort necessary to make rapid and great imprc 
f coptfes. written in er ' ' " ''" -" 

illustrated ini 

n good, rapid business style, 
i will say they may be worth gS ft 
tli« Bfi 

;. for flity c 

I capitals, i 

ruling, or unruled, and the prict 
in tbiee pounds at the same rat< 


L possible advantage. We 
8 $I.6S fo- 3 pounds, p-" — 
and smaller packaged 

and gives great satisfaction, 
,.. We can furnish it in letter- 
pounds, postage paid. We cannot Dock 
' " pliable togetrided 


It enlarges or reduces c 

;hu Hnest, richest e 

3iples of cards and 

iiiiyi ioche-i Ion? 
- ibleaninsru 

Every m-truuieut gi 

}i reedy made' 

well raa-le and will do as 
elsewhere for less than 
Some or the Pantographs 

purchased elsewhere 
J correct Some of thi 
paid. Six by express for $; 

1 Instruction . Price, post-paid. $3 

e diplomas complel 

u have any doubts a 

r parchment, at prices from $2 W upw 
•s sent on applicatio 1 

.utot;rapb, executed 

Id for elegai 

e constantly making a<]dition<t ti 

H. W. KIBBE, Pen Artist, 

lustnictor in Pen-Work, Dealer in Pennii 
lislier ot Alpbabets, 

5>( XJTIOA. - - - 

Sniip'ies a'"' P"''- 




choice oT tbe following elegant preti 

Lord'sPrayer HizeiHx-^ 

Flourished Eagle ■* SJ x 8i 

FlouriBhed Slag " 24x81 

CenienniaM'Icture of Progresa " 24xtf( 

anrfleld Memorial !".'.'.''...'.'.!". •• 10x21 

FftiJilly Record '■ IH x » 

MarrlBRe Certificate " 18x;Ji 

Oraac and Lincoln Eulogy lour netrcet 

Penranusliip Premium) " a4x3( 

These premiums are without ei ceptioo careful 
reproductions of some of tlie most e'esant spec! 

Price by mall, 50 cents each. 

Inplaceof anyof the ahovc. a s'lbscriber remit- 
tiiigSl for The Journal may receive as premium 

reached a lieinendous sftfe. and are tuuyht fr-im 
Id some of tb« leading busmesa colleges and clas- 
sical schools of this country and ranada. Tliey 
c jutain everything ntcessarv to make a good, 
practical biisine-s penman of a person of average 
Intelhceuee, ForS-i we will s^nd Tuk Jouhvai. 

Special Premiums for Clubs. 

For 810. 

the express 
subscriptions and an 

will sent? 

ide in clntli 
subscriptions and a copy of 
of Practical and Oi-nament 
of this superb work. 
I, is $5. We have hei 


For J3 t 

riptiuns and 


sand a book of liecita- 
rising Tiearlij four htiii- 
suitable for eutertain- 

s needed t 

plele photoitraph. 

For p, nine subscriptions and the Unique Tele- 
graph Outfit, hy express. 

For $10. ten subscriptions and the celebrated 
Flobert Hifle, Remington action, oiled, case, 
hardened, pistol grip, checkered, twenty-two 

For 8S5, twenty-f 
earn breecb-loadinu doubt e-l)arreled a'fty, 
with comp!i-I« loading set. 

For 530, thirty subscriptions and a fine e\tra 
heavy rolled Kold-plate %Vatch, elegant hunting 

iscripttons and an ele- 

luctudfl hi- 1 


hundred of them 
subscript! 01 

with > 

■aphy, adveutiirt 
ifully bound 
Tub JounxA 

ceed lu gelling ti 
the special prei 

11 sent when the requisite 
1? have been received, i he 
iiuist notify U8 that he is 

Uie subscriptions he may 

ions we will not recognize 

o chance for a club worker 
Ermtof his toll. If. (or m- 
oui to send u& thirty sub- 
bch. ana should only sue- 
'Criplions. he would be en- 
ubert Rifle or any five of 
offered for two subscrip- 





672 correct finger movements in I 
minute. 111-5 correct finger move- 

The SPEED of the "Huinmond" 

flnper move- 
typewriter. Send for photo-copy of work, 


't9'Z''29» AVE. 





BEiJU A», BEES A OISOSH, Frlselpila and Frcpiktan, 
Ladies and gentlemen edi.Mied for profitable 

lion. Book-kecpine. "i^us neslp'racuc^c. Short"hflnd. 
rypcwfiling, P.:iimaiiship and English, LarK-: 
Faculty. rndividiial mstruciion. Class drilU. 

Write to us. lilustrated Catalogue, Free. 


Would you like to become an ambidex 

purchase a copy of the \ 
only book iu the world 
t-hund writintf. Price $1.00 I \ 

Teacher. The only book 
teaches left-hand writintf. 1 
the nddrcss of every left-handed 

Fsame will send a beau- 

tiful left-han 




We have, printed in good shape, and ready 
to use in classes, two lessons of 5 pages each, 
"The Girl Amanuensis" and "The English 
Tongue," and one of 10 pages, " Fun in a 
Horse-Car," all in the best style of Munson 
script, which we will send, post-paid, on re- 
ceipt of 10 cents for each, or 25 cents for the 



S. S. PACKARD, Publisher, 

101 East 23d street, - New York. 

™j,.m5..fc _,„,„„,. ™„,i,,„...„ „,„,. .,..„,„„, 



A Dictionary 

A BioBraphical Dictionary 

A Dictionary of Fiction 

All in One Book. 

G.iC.'MERBlAMi'co" Pub'r.,SprIng8eldrM(i.i 


10 Ccuts. 


10 Cents. 


10 Cents. 


10 Cents. 

All of the iibovo nulei'Cd iit one time. 

30 Cents. 

H2 5 1 5 East State Street, Trenton, N. ), 


Insiructor in 
Rapid Writing i-^ l^i^^ For Si.vty Cents 
he will mai! you ••BIxler'H I-IiysJcol 
TraliiliiK.l" PeiiiiiiniHlilp," 6, p.iccs. 

lUK Teacher, •• ^ h.nulsomcly;uc(i 
Book is fiilty illuslraicd and is a complete self 




GIDEON BIXLER, Piiftlislisr, Woosler, Olio. 



standard Typewriter 



Embraces the Latest and Hlgbest Achieve- 
ments of Inventive Skill. 


Full line of Type 

Sui-pllCi*. Il-l:i 

STENOGRAPHY |g^;^:;;2sS 

f% The Modern Way 


The old drudgery of conducting correspondence 
personally with a pen is a thingof the past. The 
demand for sti'UOgraphers and typewrit«l*s 
is increasing every day. No well regulated 

rill do 

young women alike fill ihese desirable situations. 

We Procure tiitiialioiis for our Oriidu- 
tea. Shorthand lauglil l)y mail. »Send us your 
ame and we will write you full particulars. Il 
ill cost vou nothing. Address 

W. C. CHAFFEE, Oswego, N. Y. 

S H O RT H A N D.^ ^^S j^ 

The Latest. Best. Most Ci 
iinil Cheapest thing of tbu kiod. Sc 
teen beautifully litlio(;raplicd slips a 
Uncfit uDd most explicit Instruction 
published: enclosed in a neat and subi 
case; m«iitd touny part of the world foi 
Dollar Send for our new descriptive c 

Potman & Kinsley's Pens. 

No. I,— Double- 

-— k, Qourlsh... 

if all descrip' 

No. 2.— The " Business Pen " for boob-kecp- 
ere. Ixink-kecriin^ students, and all wishing a 

PBICES,— Stmples, lOc, Qaarter tiroi*, 30c. 
Gross. 81.00. 

PUTMAN & KINSLEY, ^h';„l?„d"ori..'?«\Vo. 

Pernin Universal Phonography. 

Institute. Trial lessoo and eiruulat-s free. Wdte 

Detroit. Mich. 

1 Munfion Shorthand fi 


mail at reasonable 

Students of all 
Aueot for 
re, and all 

Aueot for 
\ (inwntere, and all 
LOOMIS, eieooK- 

^ Typewriter Headquartersy 

70 Y^'^^^'y 1*^ 
Broadway, \^^°^''y La Salle St. 

N, T. Cit7. V/ Chicago, 


The Wonderful Machine for Writing Shorthand. 



Try the world over, as we have dune, 
and jou will tiike no other. 

One gross, $1,00. One-qnarter gross, 35c. 

Short Talks About Portraits, 



leam tbiit In theory, though the co'legi 

)i« how lo practice It. 

The polDt l8. If you want n portrait c 
or any of your relatives or friends, i 

look 1 


offers you a One cayoD portrait for J3&, B oJTerf 

aJK to llkene s and workn^anpbip for ST.SO. 

Too ehcJip i Well, you ought tn be able to put 
upwfthlbol It we con. The editor of The Jmir. 
nnl knoiTS ua and our work, and we refer you to 
him by per-iiission. Portraits mode from pho'o. 
tintype, miniature *c. 

B. above, it is hardly necessary lo add, refers 

46 W. 23d St.. New York. 


~;C. E. JONES, - - CHICAGO. 

No. 1 Is a com pr.. mis.! bftweeii Ol.l Liifii^h iiLd 
Uoiman Texi, easier thnu elibtr. 

No. 2 muy be ctulled Ihe " Solid Ilend." 

No. 3 resembles No. 1, only the pen Is revorried 
nnd the shade comes on tlio luft, having a very 

No. 4 IS based on the "German Text," and adapt- 
ed to small size penR. 

N". 5 1* a heaiittful Script, and espcoially adapted 
toNinall pens; vcjy useful. 

No. 6 Is based on Ihe "Markinif Alphabet," «nd 
Is Hflapted 10 rapid and plain work . 

No. 7 Is similar to No. -i, but e-pcclally for Miiall 

No. Rmay beoalled the "niock," as the letters 
' ho made of squnre ' ' 

No. I 

No. 10. the I- 

shaspd nn tbi> 

e pieces. 

)\i\ Eiiclisb." 


ist. Wiitton Compfiidium of I'cnmiin- 
shjp. embracing all the csscntinl 
rl<*meiit« of a full course in Plain 

Writing $1,110 

ai. Course of 10 lessons, by mall 4.00 

3d. System of copies for home practice... .35 
4th. Large sheet filled with combination 

sigrnatures 20 

Stb. ("ombioatlon capitals, " Sparkling 

tttb. 8et of business capitals SO 

7th. Vour name on 20 plain cards M) 

8th. Vour name on 20 bevel cards 25 

0th. Your name on i» gilt edge cards .Sfi 

10th. Your name on 2*1 gilt bevel (heavy) - . .25 
If you want a gcuumc bargain send $5.50 and 
I will send all tho above in my very best style. 




Paper \?Va.rehouse, 

N OS. 1 5 i 1 7 Beekman St.. 


' A tho)is(mrt yejire lis ii day No nrithuvtic 
U.tu-t>i\^ it. A slturl.BimiilG, iinK'tlciil iiictliod by 
K. r. 4TKI NSIIN, Priiicliial of Sncnimcnlo Buisl- 
aaCoUein..Sm!mraento, t-Bl. I)yiiiHll,5()ceiiI*. 









Adapted for 



Countlng-House Bookkeeping." 

Drt Goods Se" 


Practicb Book. 
Second Business Series. 

Favorable arrauffcmcuts made with Businei« 

rolleees and Public and Priv 
introduction and use. Descriptive List 
ready. Correspondunce invited. 

The best Pfn in Ihe U. S.| and best penman use 


Tills I 

Public nnd 

1 Schools foi 




119 & 12t William Street. N. Y. 



City. N. J., for smupk-s worth double the money. 



No. 128. 

Expressly adapted for professional use and onia- 

mental penmansbtp. 



All of Standard and Superior duality. 












Bookkeeping by a Bookkeeper ! 

r» It AC-TIC-. \.L 

Single and Double Entry Bookkeeping. 

DO vol; TEA 





%Z,m FOR $1.00. 

best 8t»el pen of Eiitflisb i 



Pi-es. Peirco Hub. Coll. 

Specimens for Your Scrapbook. 

Wo^'/rii'ilu.' 15c.: 1 -et C-npitnlH. iSc.i 1 
■.niMiiiit'ii rioiinslioil Wi-itiiiK, Llci nil 

'snli'pl."' ■■*-'"' 


I'ENM.\.\ AXD Designer, 

CUTS roil 


DIPLOMAS i-oR Schools 




is one of the leading srhools of Amer- 
ica for tlie preparation of young* men 
and women for business life. .^ spe- 
cial school of Shorthand in connection. 

Send for cataloj^ue. 

J. M. MEHAN, Proprietor. 





Kur the use of Schools and 
Home Learners. 


Nortliem Illinois College of Pen Art, 




COLLEGE, NoTvarlt, W. JT. 

and Youiifj: Ladies lor a suctetisful Hturt id Uusi- 
nesa Lift. The Largest and most popular School 
in the country. Courae of study combines 
Theory with Practice, by u system of business 
transactions, based on real values. No Vocations. 
Kates Low. Graduates assisted to situations. 
The Illustrated Catalogue ond College Journal 

iilcd to any address. 

H. COLBIflAN. President. 



■'rUOS J. PRtoKElT. I 

These Schools are nil connected, nod 
nionH tho best of their kind in America. 

Good board in pHvlte families at $a.00 i 
,-.■(»!{. riri'tilni-s free. A'l.lre^« 


> Send me your name written In full, nnd 25 centa, 
and I will send you ooo dozon or more ways of 
writing it, wi',h instruotioQs ; or send me a 2- cent 
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tended Movements, Tracing Exercises, Capitals, 
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all Kinds ol Orna 
Our Engrosstug. 


2 A. E. DEWHURST, Utica, N. Y. 




XoH Exleii<>i«elv I st'cl and l\iidoi>i-<l by llie lca<liii^ BiiMiiies!* 4'olle^c*i aii«l School 

Fuitcd States and Canada. 

The largely increased sale of these popular and practical works is a gratifying 
■ shows a marked increase in the number of live schools and teachers who, 
qtidly adoptiug them, to the exclusion of all othera. 

Schools, Academies and Universities. More 

tliroii;;lioiil the 


merit US reliable and thorough text-books. Each y 
appreciating their value, an 


Special attention is invited to our latest work, "THE ESSENTIALS OF BUS- 
INESS ARITHMETIC." which will be ready for delivery about Aug. 20th. This 
new work will contain from 260 to 280 pages, or about two-thirds as many as our 
This reduction in size has been effected by adapting 

its contents to the needs of business colleges gem 

i n st it >it ions part icvlarly ; and by entirely 11: nmi m _' tin -ii|i| 

of schools. We have thus been enabled u^ ■_■ . i !.i_, i, 

such as denominate numbers, metric i|im: 

portance in business colleges, such as cciniiiL h -i-i |n m li 

enlarged. The new book in its entirety is not an ahridgen 

tics by the use of the scissors ; but will be found a careful 

gU chmes oftfi. 
lis of other classes 
iijiortant subjects, 
t>f surpassing im- 
■st, &c., have been 
nr earlier arithme- 
cmbracing many 


and practical features, and containing only such standard definitions and populi 

; nf for 

blv Ik 

upon. There 
III is so well adapted 

Sadler's Count! ng-House Arithmetic 

leis Calculations, comprising o' 
5 a i)ractical Te.\t-IJook for Bui 

n|uoved work on IJusi 
aiijuiged and adapted i 

er 500 octavo 
iuess Colleges, 

[Ml orders s.i 

tensively used iu Business Colleges 
than any similar publication. Retail price, |2.00, A specimen copy will be sent, 
charges prepaid, upon receipt of $1.35 to such teachers, school ofBcers, boards of 
education, Ac. as may wish to examine it with a view to adoption. 

Sadler's Commercial Arithmetic. 

For Business Colleges and Commercial Departments of High Schools and Literary 
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Every teacher of business arithmetic will be delighted with this volume, for it con- 
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boards of education, ifec, who r 

r to adoptic 


The Counting-llouse Arithmetic and C^c 
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(SuircSBors Ui W. II. SAIII.F.K), 

Nos. 10 and 12 N. CHARLES STREET, 



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Any one of these books sent to teachers for examination at one-half retail price. 

Me' lion this Jour mil. 

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Barnes' National System of Penmanship. 



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books in order to learn the System. Only si.\ books. 

2d.— The letters are entirely free from useless lines like double loops, 

civ.ils, &c. The first complete system lo present abbreviated forms of capitah. 
3d.— The lateral spacing is uniform, each word Wiling a given space and no 

crowding or stretching to secure such results. 
4th.— Beautifully printed by Lithography ! No Cheap Relief Plate Printing ! 

5th.— Words used are ail familiar to the pupil. Contrast them with such 

words as "zeugma, urquesne. xvlus, tenafly, mimetic, and xuthus." 

6th —Each boolc contains four pages of practice paper— one sixth 

more paper than in the book^ of any other series— and the paper is the best ever 
used for copy books. 

7th.— Business forms are elaborately engraved on steel and printed on 

tinted paper, rendering them very attractive to the pupil. 
8th.— Very low rates for introduction. They arc ihc cheapest books in 


Scores of books are now being made to imitate 

the Barnes' but they are merely 

*' connecting links." 

An Elegant Spec 

Book containing ail the Copies of the Scrie 
nt GRATIS to any Teacher. 

A. S. BARNES & CO., Publishers, 


Published Monthly 
: 202 Broadway, N. Y., for $1 pei 


Enlered at thf Post Office of New 
N V . as Second-Class Mail Mattel 
Copynght. 1889. by D T, AMES. 


Vol,. X til -No. 11 

Lessons in Practical Writing.- 
No. 5 . 

[Thesr IcssonH toere beffun in the April nuni- 
ber of The Journal. Back numbers 10 

Countiny or JHetatlon, *r. 

FoIlowJD^ the order in which we have 
seen fit to present the various divisions of 
our subject, wehiive now reached the point 
of execution. Beginning with the lowest, 
we nrtw propose to give in detail the work 
of each grade, 


Children enter our kindergartens Ht the 
age of five. At six they enter the first 
grade, where they remain another year. 
Here they are taught the names and di- 
mensions of both small and capital letters 
and required to read some script, but their 
practice is confined chiefly to small letters 
and short words, all of which are written 
between the "slides," as seen in the ac- 
companying exercises, the chief objects of 
which are to facilitate the teaching of 
hand position, to secure rhythmical motion 
and uniform time and for the systematic 
development of form. Such is the nature 
of these e-xercises that a proper application 
of movement in their execution will force 
tlif hand to a working position — one that 
will luhnit of the freest possible action of 
the tingers and forearm consistent with 
good result)?. 

Ttie year spent in Grade 1 we consider 
the most critical period in a pupil's expe- 
rience, so far as penmanship is concerned. 
It is then that the foundation habits are 
formed which will so effectually facilitate 
or impede his future progress. The ef- 
fect of wrong habits once established is 
too well known to need comment. Relief 
can only be found in a method which pre- 
vents their establishment or in the per- 
sistent application of counteracting reme- 
dies. The former is far more effective. 
One year of prevention is worth thret- of the 
moHt persistent rorrvrtion. First impres- 
sions are the most clinching. 


From n stand-point of execution we 
consider correct position as of paramount 
importance. We literally subordinate 
every other point to this until it becomes 
a thing of habit. We repeat, aubordinate 
to position, not negUft for position. Once 
established it is guarded vigilantly. Cor- 
rect position alone insures good move- 
ment, without which the best results are 
n»)( possible. The same position i» vsed in 
nil 'jntdes—thfi front position. 

We teach tinger movement for the first 
two years and a half ; we then introduce 
muscular movement. The wmbined forces 
of habitual linger action and an effort at 
pure muscular results in the harmonious 
blending of the two, and we are ready to 
go on record as ha\iug slid that we con- 
sider the combined movement (just as 
described in the last issue) the most prac- 

tical for business purposes, in that it util- I eessive use of either of these sets of 
izes both the strength of the arm motion I muscles. 

and the nimbleness and shaping power of 
the fingers, without requiring the ex- 

years in. combined lateral forearm sweeps 
and finger action, such the pressure at 
arm-rest, such the muscular tension, and 
so tempting the position that when the 
muscles become sufficiently developed it 
requires hut little effort to add a slight 
forward nnd backward arm vibration, and 
you have a complete combined movement. 


Until the pupil hiu» a definite conception 
of time and its relation to and influence 
upon motion, checks and stops, and until 
he has become sufficiently self-reliant in 
habits of correct time, he must rely 
wholly upon that indicated by the 
teacher's counting as a guide to proper 
action. We reason thus regarding the 
benefit of concert drill ; By following the 
counting closely the pupil will establish a 
certain gait, or rate of motion, which, by 
continued conscious effort and constant 
repetition, will ultimately terminate in 
unconscious habit or automatic motion. 
The exact time n^cemary to correct execu- 
tion must be aUfitted. To alloui more than 
required time is to prevent free action and 
gives the hand time to drop, while insuffi- 
cient time forces inaeeurate execution — 
mere scrawling. 


We wish to impress our readers with 
the importance and value of correct count- 
ing, or dictation, in leading concert drills, 
especially in connection with this particu- 
lar method for primary grades. The suc- 
cess or failure of these exercises to accom- 
plish that for which they are designed de- 
pends entirely upon the spirit of the count- 
ing, the time allotted for execution and 
the degree to which pupils are governed 
thereby. When properly heeded the 
counting is the pulsation which generates, 
stimulates and regulates the action of 
every mind, arm, hand and finger through- 
out the class, and just in proportion to its 
nature will be the attendant results, No 
amount of coaxing, scolding or flattery 
will prevent the little hands from falling if 
the counting is at fault. 

It should be animated, but free from 
haste or excitement. It should be strong, 
regular, confident, commanding, firm and 
kind. The presence of indiflcrencc or 
earnestness, irritation or cheerfulness, in- 
decisiou or confidence, or conscious weak- 
ness or strength of disciplinary power is 
sure to betray itself in the teacher's 
voice when counting, and as certainly de- 
termines to a great exttrnt the nature and 
quality of the pupil's movement as that 
his will controls minds which in turn gen- 
erate and regulate muscular action in har- 
mony with the dictates of the ruling mind. 
It is a work of will-power, the subordinit- 
tion of the pupil's mind to the will of hia 
teacher as a means of enabling the latter 
to gain control of the former's muscular ac- 
tion. He must first gain control of the 
motive power (the ])upil'» mind) which 
produces this muscular action. 

Discouragement on the part M the pupil 
may be diaxilaced by reassurance, resent- 
ment warmed into cheerful obedience, in- 
difference supplanted by earnest effort, pu- 
pils urged to greater exertion, mild cent ure 
administered or merited praise awarded 

AKl JOl T|«\.VI. 

by n slit'li' elmnfie in the tone or modulrt- 
tion of tin- teacher's voice, often with 
more telling effect than any amount of 
talking, and that, too, without intcmipt- 
ing execution or consuming an mlditional 

We insist upon an nbgoluU vnittj of <i(- 
trntinn, movemtmt and timr, uniform ma- 
trri/if. position und arrangement of exer- 
cise*, as a means of securing unifonn re- 
sult!* in both movement and form. Wc 
use practice paper rj-rlu«iveh/, but tyntrm- 
aticftUy. No slates ! No copy-books ! 
In our concert drill each pupil is required 

; the A 

, and to write thf i 

the ■ 

I the 

paye and Hue. Any irregularity of ar- 
rangement on the part of an individual is 
the result of either inattention, careless- 
ness or willful disobedience, for which he 
is held strictly accountable. Pupils work- 
ing faster or slower than the class lose the 
benefits of the drill, while the iireguhirity 
of their arrangement records the error, 
thus enabling the teacher to see just what 
their individual cases need. Strict ad- 
herence to uniform arrungemeut can alone 
prevent carelessness, scribbling and inat- 
tention. Not a motion is permitted until 
every pupil in the room is ready, includ- 
ing "the exceptions." We recognize few 
exceptions, nor do we tolerate inattention, 
save in the case of an imbecile, or pupil 
known to be mentally incapable of atten- 
tion, in all averaging less than one per 

Knch exercise is prefaced by three pre- 
paratory lateral sweeps; then without 
pausing or breaking the rhythm of action 
or changing the time the exercise is 
written. Every motion and stroke is writ- 
ten in concert. The word stf^iiig is used 
when tlif pencil swings above surface; 
the wortl «//'/(■ iiivjiriiibly calls for a long 
••slide" line iis used in beginning and 
ending exercise. We count one for eiich 
stroke iu the letter. Si-nM- ;in -liMrtru.d 
or lengthened iu ex:iri |ii'.|„.i i i.n i.. ilic 
length of time neccjT!fi;ii> i'. im.hi mti, ilie 

several words being bUiidril mi h' < mi- 

tinuous round, as in singing. We jjresent 
herewith a number of exercises to be prac- 
ticed 1)V the student, for whose better 
guidance we refer to some of the 

Exercise One is simply an oiling-up ex- 
ercise. The pencil is not lifted in return- 
ing to starting point. Count; "S-w-i-n-g, 
s-w-i-n-g, swing, ready, o-n-c, t-w-o. 
t-h-r-fl-e, f-o-u-r," &c. the first and sec- 
ond time the word '' swing " is prolonged 
sufficiently to allow the pencil to glide 
across two columns and return. The 
third "swing" is spoken as pencil glides 
to the riglit, and the warning word 
"ready " lusit returns. The signals, " one, 
two."A:(-., arecif siime lengths as "swing"' 

Exercise Two. — Count: "S-w-i-n-g, 
s-w-i-n-g, swing, ready, s-1-i-d-e, one '" 
(spoken quickly), "s-1-i-d-e again" 
(meaning to lift pen, return and retrace) 
"s-l-i-d-e ,.ne, s-Ui-.l-e ajjain, s-I-i-d-e. 
onr, - n>i . ,,,in -l-i-d-e one,8-t-o-p." 
Tl,u .' . . ;in /. «,mdne: 

br\ i>-i'i I !■. I .-. ' ■!■ ■ iKit retrace 

ihi- ■■,. -.fee. 

l i ; ' i vMviseSl would be the 

siiuii ,(,>:ui l.\in.i.M Two, except that count 
three is drawn out a little, as indicated by 
the hyphen between the A and r, thus 
s-w-i-n-g, 8-w-i-n g, swing, ready, s-I-i-d-e, 
one, two, three. In Exercises' 24 and 20 
count three is a little longer still, as in- 
dicated by the hyphens between both the 
h and ;■ and the r and e, thusth-r-ee, while 
iu Exercise 41 count three is longer still, 
thus th-r-e-e 

Later pn we abandon the counting of 
individual strokes, simplv naming each 
letter as it is written. This is tru?, how- 
ever, only where exercises contain more 
than two letters. 

Wc test pupil's time by calling s^ty* in 
the midst of an exercise", ordering pens 
down, placing as many strokes upon the 
hoard as we had given the signals for and 
then comparing with each pupil'-s produc- 
tion. If a pupil has hurried ahead or 
loitered behind he is criticised accord- 

{To ht continued.) 

Public-School Work. 

Editor of The Joiiknal: 

" A stream never rises higher than its 
source." The truth of this axiom is 
never contested. Very few spheres in life 
to which the principle enunciated may 
not be found to apply equally well. It 
will probably be readily conceded that in 
many of the public schools of the country 
where the attainn:ent of the pupils in the 
chirographic branch is at a low ebb a 
large part of the responsibility rests with 
the school boards, and for these reasons; 

(a) Either there is no part of the exam- 
ination which applicants are required to 
pass which includes any reference to this 
subject, theoretically or practically, or— 

(b) If included, it is practically ignored 
so far as any strict adherence to its stated 
requiicments are concerned. 

How much better to inoculate the lesson 
of the proverb, that " whatever is worth 
doing at all is worth doing well." 

We come now to our first proposition — 
viz., that the first requirement of a teacher 
to be successful in this branch is a just 
conception of the impoitance of a practical 
knowledge of this art. 

No true teacher, worthy the name, pos- 
sessing a realizing sense of the value of a 
good handwriting to a boy as a stepping- 
stone to a successful business life, will 
allow him to fritter away his time in care- 
less indifference. 

Eailure to comprehend the advantages 
of a well-formed habit of neatness and 
care, or lack of sufficient interest to en- 
force the same, has been the cause of deep 
regret to many a young man upon arrival 
at the tlireshold of some good business 
prospect, only to find himself illy-equipped 
for the demands which the position re- 

If a teacher consider that the majority 

&c<MA^hoa^^)A^. V/ttf^<ii^ M^tu. 

1 /SlA,W^-tu- 

j <Sfi<zfi:,<. 


Diagram lUttstrating Professor Shaylor's Pappr. 

Teachers obtaining situations under such 
conditions naturally infer that the branch 
is one of secondary importance, at least in 
the estimation of those to whom they are 

This would tend to defer instruction in 
this branch to such time of the day as 
might best convenience the teacher, or to 
such irregularity and indifference in con- 
ducting it that the impression upon the 
mind of the pupil would be that "it 
doesn't amount to much, anywav." 

The residt would be a sort ol "go-as- 
you-please race " among the pupils as to 
who should complete the given task the 
quickest. The one coming out ahead 
would congratulate himself on being the 

But alas! for the penmanship, if such it 
might be called. Worse still, think of the 
daily strengthening of a habit of gross 

ot young men must rely wholly on their 
own ability to secure a position ; that only 
'1 very small minority can hope for prefer- 
ment through the means of wealth or influ 
ence, and that the command of a neat, 
legible handwriting is one of the most 
complete equipments with which to em- 
bark a yoting man on the voyage of life, 
then it would seem strange indeed if he 
were left to acquire this without the ut- 
most help which a teacher c< 


Our second proposition is as follows: 

That with the teacher largely lies the 
power to make or to mar the succc^ of 
the pupil in this branch. 

A constant opportunity for a series of 
years to note the effect of careful over- 
sight, wise admonition and firm enforce- 
ment of judicious regulations, as com- 
paied with a slothful indifference or utter 
disregard of anything like painstaking 
clTort, has fully confirmed, in my own 
mind, the truthfulness of the above 

Now, wljat are the beat methods by 

which the most satisfactory results 
be obtained ? 

This is the vital question. This is 
question which the most successful te 
ers arc all asking. Well, then, to ans 

First, there must be a high standard 
and a definite aim. A definite aim must 
of necessity include a thorough knowledge 
of and acquaintance with the standard. 
The best standard is one which is reliable 
and not subject to fluctuation ; therefore 
the work of the teacher, no matter how 
proficient as a penman, is not the proper 
one, because if the teacher change the 
standard is removed. A little reflection 
will convince the majority that such 
copies as are provided by most of the 
leading series of copy-books arc a more 
stable standard than the work which any 
teacher can otherwise command. 

Having decided on a standard, the next 
thing is to ascertain how near to the given 
standard pupils are expected to attain. 

One way to gain this information is 
through actual experience. Another, by 
seeing what has been accomplished by 
those who are acknowledged as successful. 
This latter way is the quicker and per- 
haps better. 

We say a definite aim, and by it we 
mean a broad conception of the work neces- 
sary to be accomplished und the beat 
means by which to attain it. This done, 
every pupil should be inspired with a 
spirit entirely in harmony with the teacher. 
The goal should ever be kept in view. All 
elements of a nature to distract attention 
or foil the purpose should be removed. 
Everything tending to awaken love for the 
art. and create enthusiasm in the prose- 
cution of it ought to be encouraged. 

Having said this much by way of prepa- 
ration, let us briefly refer to some of the 

Conceding legibility as a prime requisite, 
a little careful examination will enable one 
to determine what are the leading points 
contributing to it. A careful study of the 
form of every letter by itself, the changes 
or modifications it must undergo in com- 
bination with other letters, must of neces- 
sity be among the first things to receive 

Regularity in slant of the downward 
lines, uniformity iu distance between these 
same strokes, thus securing good spacing, 
as well as conformity to the given standard 
in size and shape, all demand thoughtful 

The assuming and maiut-aining a health- 
ful position at the desk, with such whole- 
some discipline in proper movements to 
secure graceful and easy execution, also 
requires "eternal vigilance " on the part 
of those in authority. 

Concentration of effort to some one 
|ioint which sliould be specially empha- 
sized, participated in by every member of 
the class, in concert of action, not only 
jirouses flagging interest, but keeps before 
the mind some object toward the accom- 
plishment of which he may bend all his 

The accompanying list of topics may 
be found useful and prove of some service, 
especially to young teachers. 

Our reference to i 
somewhat vague aud not sufficiently ex- 
plicit to satisfy those of an inquiring 
disposition. The space to which we ore 
limited will not admit of more than lead- 
ing suggestions. We hope, however, to 
make these so plain that none need go 
astray if they pursue the line of action 

The Penman's Art JoimN.\i, from 
time to time fully discourses on this and 
kindred topics, so that none who is a con- 
stant reader can plead ignorance of terms 
which are frequently and generally used. 

Probably, then, we shall not be misunder- 
stood if we say that the movement by 
which we think pupils will achieve satis- 
factory results is that known as the eom- 

By this we mean the union of the lat- 
eral muscular or fore-arm with the finger; 
that is, the contraction und extension of 
the fingers und thumb. We do not be- 
lieve in the use of either one exclusively 
as practically adapted to public school 
teaching, but by a concerted action of 
both the desired goal may be reached. 

Persevering drill oc simple exercises, 
consisting at first of the short lettei-s, witii 
the beginning, connecting and fini-hiDf 
lines elongated — that is, with spacing be 
tween these letters three or four times the 
normal condition — will be found exceed- 
ingly useful in developing a continuou.? 
motion to the hand, thus enabling one to 
write entire words, without raising the 
pen, easily aud with fair degree of speed. 

Such exercises traced with a dry pen or 
written on exercise paper will not only 

produce « flowing style but prove es- 
pecially valuable nt the outset in counter- 
acting the teodency among young pupils 
to rest tbe hand on the side instead of on 
the nails of tbe third and fourth fingers, 
thcflc fingers forming a movable rest on 
which the hand should glide as gracefully 
:is A boy on skatea. 

If these few lines shall serve to awaken 
thought or stimulate any to renewed dili- 
gence in the pursuit of this art, it will 
certainly prove a suitable compensation 
for the time taken to prepare them. 

H. W. Sdaylor. 
•Siip^t Pemnnug/iip in the Public Sc/iooli* 

of Portland, Maine. 

fen 'and Ink Againrnt Pifnell. 

EDiTon OF The Journai,; 

The Journai. is ccrtjiinly making a 
move in the right direction when it seeks 

class- work by practical public-school 

The plan adopted by us may not differ 
materially from that used by others, but 
we shall endeavor to state it briefly with- 
out entering into a discussion of any 
known disputed points, and leave results 
to testify as to the merits of the method. 

When H pupil first enters school we eive 
him slate and pencil, and one year is spent 
in getting an idea of the forms, particu- 
larly of the small letters, with special care 
to position at desk and position of hold- 
ing pencil. We might remark in this con 
nection that where desks are used we pre- 
fer the oblique position, sitting facing the 
front left-hand cornerof the desk, with the 
left elbow at the side and the left hand 

that the Icad-iiencil should be discarded as 
far as is at all practicable in all other 
school work. Written recitation!^, written 
examinations, written spelling, and in fact 
almost all of the written work of the 
school-room can be as rapidly and much 
more legibly written with pen than with 
pencil. With the use of the lead-pencil 
comes the habit of gripping it tightly aud 
almost riding ui>on it, treatment which no 
pen, unless it be a stub, will stand. Why 
we do this I cannot say ; but the fact thot 
we do, young and old alike, remains the 
same. With the use of the pencil it is 
next lo impossible to keep tne hand in 
position. With this to correct, as well as 
the habits of tight gripping and bearing 
on before mentioned, much time is lost, 
and a wonderful stock of patience is re- 
quired in changing from pencil to |)en. 

It is often objected, where desks are not 
supplied with ink-wells and bottles must 


the country must receive their education 
ting in the public s-hools, "the 
greatest good to the greatest number " cer- 
tainly demands that the best methods 
should be adopted. An interchange of 
methods of teaching would be of great ad- 
vantage to those engaged in public-school 
work. And I do not mean mere thforien, 
but such methods »«> aif used in every-day 

anal) SIS and practice of letterb and short 
words. In the introduction of pen and 
ink thus early we are aware that we differ 
frora the almost universal rule of lollowing 
up the slate work with lead-pencil prac- 
tice. The use of the lead-pencil naturally 
induces carelessness, anS is certainly one 
of the greatest stumbling-blocks in the 
way of improvement in writing. We think 
this pernicious habit is one which should 
have been long since discontinued, and 

used as supplementary, but we rely 
mainly on practice paper. 

As a means of showing the advancement 
of pupils a book is kejit in each school in 
which are pasted specimens of the writing 
of all the pupils of that room, taken at the 
end of each month. A line or two is suf- 
ficient. These show the progress a pupil 
is making and are a great source of en- 

If there is nothing new in our method 
thus briefly stated, those who use the same 
have the satisfaction of knowing they are 
not alone. If there are those who differ 
we invite them to compare results. 

E. L. WiLET, 

Special TeaehtT of Prumamkip, Pxthlie 
SchooU of PainrxrilU, Ohio 

ilf of the time of each lesson t 
ment exercises. In the seventh and eighth 
years we suppose a free, easy movement to 
have been developed and particular atten- 
tion is given to form. I 

As we do not have writing in the high 
school our work ceases with the eighth 
year, or '* A. Grom." Copy-books are 

A Pafr# from Connectieut. 

Editor op The Journal: 

In a recent number of The Journal I 
notice a very pungent article on the omis- 
sion of penmanship exercises at the annual 
convention of the National Educational 
Convention. You may go a long way 
further than that statement and say that 
these useful exercises are usually com- 
pletely ignored at all school educational 
meetings by the authorities or the leaders 
in charge. Since the advent of Mr. Hines, 
the secretary to the State Board of Educa- 
tion of Connecticut, exercises have been 
introduced at the local teachers' meetings 
improvement has been mani- 
fested in the common schools as a result. 
When the high educators come together, 
though, in supreme conclave I never go 
near them, considering it nothing but a 
waste of time so far as I am concerned, 
because in a conference lasting three days 
penmanship is not even mentioned, and 
if I were to go and sit at the feet of these 
Gamaliels and cram myself with all sorts 
of useful and useless knowledge, what 
would it avail me in the discharge of my 
duties as a teacher of penmanship and 
book-keeping ? 

The question naturally arises, Why is 
penmanship left out? (1) Because these 
leaders cannot write themselves; (2) be- 
they cannot teach writing; (3) be- 
thcy cannot draw ; (4) because they 
cannot teach drawing; (6) because as a 
body of men they are fearfully deficient in 
artistic genius. The policy pursued may 
be summed up in homely phrase thus : I 
can't do it myself, and I'll take good care 
to keep the fellow out who can do it. 

Supposing they come down from their 
lofty pedestals and condescend to mingle 
with common mortals, the next question 
lid be, Would penmanship exercises or 
dissertations thereon be popular with the 
teachers for whose benefit they were intro- 
duced? Let me answer this from experi- 
Kcsults are always the true an- 

X years ago I attended a local 
teiioluM's' institute ot Clinton, Conn.. 
i-(hmIihIii1 by the then secretary of the 
Stiiti' I'.'iiud of Education. No provision 
wliali\ri was made for any instruction to 
the ti.irliiTs in the matter of penmanship. 
If was a two-days' institute, attended by 
teachers from a distance of perhaps thirty 
miles. A few days beforehand I prepared 
of the handwriting of the 
s( hulars in the public schools of our city. 
Tln\ w iL- written on ordinary ruled fools- 
i;ip wiili single lines, and the sentence 
< ;i>'li rniMii had to write was written on the 
blackboard. The scholar wrote six lines, 
with number of the room, name of the 
school, name and age of the pupil and 
date. I took these strips of paper with 
me, and had I not been Htrcnuous in my 
endeavors all chances of exhibiting them 
and explaining under what conditions ihey 
iild have been denied me. 
Ten minutes on the platform were very 
llingly allowed me. The result of 
the exhibition was extremely gratifying 
and encouraging to those who appreciate 
the importance of teaching penmanship in 
the public schools. The younger tcacuers 
e?»pecially manifested deep interest, and 
the opinion ^^:Is generally expressed by 
those who had no private axes to grind 
that it i« shameful that consideration of 
this highly impoi'tant branch of training 
should be so palpably neglected, not to say 
ignored, by the average jHiblic school 
teacher. Thomah Emmettb, 

Teacher of Penmttrmhip and Book-keeping 

in the Public SchooU oj Middletown, 


Lookout for the l^itt: Flourishes in the 
October Journal. 7Vic(/ will be great/ In 
fact, any lover oJ ornamental penmanship 
irould think he had a bargain if he had to 
pay for the October number aUme as much 
as the whole year's ndiscription cost him. 

"'■>■ Tl*? >"^«* ' JOUKNAL 

AU mattrr inUmUd for thi* tlr/jartmertt 
{induding sAcrt-h/tnd exchanges) ffwuld he 
sent Crt Mm. L. H. Paclcnrd, 101 En%t 23(/ 
«frf-et, Nr>r 7otI\ 

A Practical Test. 

Tolvicrnpli «pcr«t<>i 
K«-)-»rXlirlr T)li 
000 Time- ■ IfBr. 

Tbf iiitroduttioD of type-writing niti- 
chioes in the offices of those large news 
papers having private wires to Boston, 
New. York, Chicago, St. Louis, Washing- 
ton and other important points hnd in the 
offices of news-collecting agencies, such 
as the Associated Press, has revoUitioni/.ed 
the work of the telegraph operators em- 
ployed on those wiics. A few years ago 
Jill this work was written out in long-hand. 
Now it is all done on machines, and when 
a new man is needed the first question 
asked is: " Do you play the piano ? " 

The Associated Press collects a hirge 
amount of news matter every day and 
night from all parts of the world and dis- 
tributes it to hundreds of newspapers. 
To handle this matter promptly the asso- 
ciation has private wires to all of its im- 
portant points and employs its own tele- 
graph operators. These operators use 
machines, copying the matter on the ma- 
chine as it passes along the wire, and 
making from one to twenty-five copies at 
a time. The work these operators get out 
of a machine day after day is a wonderful 
test of its utility, and the easy manner in 
which it is accomplished is remarkable. 
As a practical test it triple discounts 
the speed exhibitions. Some of 
the operat irs go days and even 
weeks without a "break" — having 
to ask the sending operator to repeat a 
word — or misspelling a word, ^or even 
striking a wrong key. Under the old 
method, copying with a pen or stylus, 35 
words a minute if kept up six or seven 
hours was considered good time, though 
occasional spurts often ran the speed up 
to 40 or 45 words aminute, the best record 
I he writer experienced being 40 words a 
tniuute for an hour, that record being 
made on the report of the assassination ot 
the Cznr, some years ago. By the intro- 
duction of the writing- machine the speed 
has been greatly increased, and strange as 
it may appear, the increased speed is ob- 
tained with a corresponding decrease in 
the amount of exertion required of the 
o])erator. The highest rate of speed to 
be attained by telegraph operatora by the 
lu'lp of machines has not yet been satis- 
factorily settled by actual count for a long 
period of time, but the writer has counted 
it at different times wlii*n the rate was 
averaging 60 words a minute, the gait 
being maintained for four or five hours. 
For shorter periods the speed has un- 
doubtedly reached 00 words a minute, but 
no effort has been made to reach or main- 
tain a maximum rate. How many ho-irs 
a liigh rate of speed could be maintained 
IS uncertain, but the chances are that the 
receiving operator would easily tire out 
the sending operator. 

When the capabilities of the machine 
were discovered the sending operator he- 
ffxn to increase his speed by abbreviating 
many of the words, the receiving operator 
writing ench word out in full on his ma- 
chine. Ev.'n with this abbreviation the 
receiving operator has the easier end of the 
job, as the sender cannot disturb his (the 
receiver's) equanimity unless the abbreW- 
ations are carried out to an unreasonable 
extent. Then it is not lack of ability to 
\n\{ it on the machine that causes trouble, 
but more frequently the inability of the 
rar lo catch quickly the abbreviations as 
they roll otf the telegraph instrument with 

lightning rapidity. The cause of this in- 
variably rests, if the receiver be an expert 
with his ears and fingers, with the sender, 
who usually increases his speed beyond a 
certain point at a loss of legibility by fail- 
ing to make a distinguishable "space " or 
pause between each word, the result being 
that in his effort to make fast time, and 
while making dots and dashes at a rate of 
about 625 a minute, or 10 every second, 
he often runs groups of words and abbre- 
viations together, so that they sound as 
one word. The significance of this will 
he more fully appreciated when it is un- 
derstood that no two operators make the 
dots and dashes exactly alike, there being 
almost as distinctive an individuality in 
their style of handling a telegraph key as 
in their handwriting. In such cases my 
experience has been that the easiest way 
to copy the matter so as not to run two 
words together or begin an abbreviated 
word with a wrong letter, or to use a 
small letter in place of a capital, is to 
"copy behind" — that is, to keep five or 
six words behind the sender. This prac- 
tice of co]>ying behind is one of the pecul- 
iarities of the business. Some do it 
easily and as a matter of course, while to 
othei-s it is an impossibility, probably due 
to ditferences in nervous temperament. 

On the day circuit of the New England 
Associated Press wire ten operators copy 
simultaneously. The Boston operator 
takes ten copies on manifold, using two 
machines. When the sheet on one machine 
is filled he moves his chair along to ihe 
other machine and continues his work 
without interrupting the sender, while the 
office boy removes the full sheet and re- 
places it with a fresh one. At Bridgeport 
and Hartford, where two copies, and at 
New Haven, where two and part of the 
time three copies are taken, the operators 
use one machine, being required to change 
their sheets "on the fly "—that is, when 
a sheet is filled to remove it and insert a 
fresh one and then catch up with the 
sender without delaying him. At the 
other stations on the wire where a single 
copy is made a roll of paper about 30 yards 
long is fed into the machine, and when the 
editor wants " copy " he clips it off with 

On this wire a day's work rarely drops 
below 10,000 words and not infrequently 
runs up to 13.000 and 14,000 words. To 
do a day's work of 11,000 woids (a fair 
average), including punctuation marks and 
spacing between each word, requires about 
80,000 key impressions. My machine was 
put into service July 1, 1888. and has had 
seven days' work a week since that time. 
On the basis of 11,000 words a day, the 
number of words copied on the machine 
for the year ending June 30, 1889, was 
4,015.000, equivalent to 24,01)0.000 lettere. 
To that amount add the punctuation murks 
and the number of times the apace-key was 
struck, and the result is the somewhat 
enormous total of 28,470,000 finger move- 
ments for the year — a pretty good test for 
any machine. 

About the only items not put on the 
machine are tabulations of base- ball, horse 
trots and yacht races, where an extra 
amount of spacing is required. Some 
operators put the horse trots through the 
machines, but generally they change to 
pen or stylus. Several times I have suc- 
ceeded in getting the tabulation of base- 
ball scores through the machine in fair 
shajie, but do not consider it practicable 
unless at diminished speed. An improve- 
ment by which the machine could be 
made to space any required number of 
notches by one motion would be of great 
benefit on press wires. 

To get three copies on white paper re- 
ipiires two carbons and a ribbon, six thick- 
nesses, but the machine works so easily 
that good impressions are obtained, using 
the first, second or third finger of either 
hand. While copying speeches on mani- 
fold, to be sent out by mail, sixteen copies 
through 24 thicknesses of manifold and 

carbons have cjisily been obtained with a 
third-finger movement. At New York by 
using a brass roll 25 copies are made 
(hrough 38 thicknesses of manifold and 
carbons, the operator copying the matter 
from the wire. 

My machine is a Well, it cost 

me $90. It cost the manufacturers $30 
to make it — a profit of over 200 per 
cent. Under the circumstances a puff 
here would be worth about $200 or $300. 

Girls Who Earn Their Living. 

It is a mistaken notion that some jieople 
have that so soon as a girl makes up her 
mind to earn her living she must bid 
adieu to all social ambitions, if not to all 
the safeguards which society throws aro\ind 
a lady, recognized as such. The New 
York World has something pertinent to 
say on this subiect. and we print it here: 

A young girl, who is apparently very 
much disturbed in her mind as to her 
future, writes to the World a curious letter 
upon the subject of type-writing iis an 
advisable profession. In the coui'se of her 
letter she says ; "I have just been gradu ■ 
ated from a business college and was just 
looking forward to a hapjiy future when 
I was told by a friend that, unless I ac- 
cepted a position under the protection of 
a relative, I would see and hear many 
things very distastef'd to a modest girl. 
That a lady's appearance was criticised 
and if she were the least sensitive her 
feelings would be so harrowed that she 
would soon break down and wish she 
were in her quiet home, even if deprived 
of the money earned at the expense of 
health and too often of reputation. Please 
inform me if all men are evil. Are there 
none who fear God ? Are there not some 
who still hold sacred the memory of a 
mother who first taaght their infant lips 
' Lead us not into temptation ?' I am also 
informed that many men who employ type- 
writers are ' married flirts ' — men who for- 
get their vows made at the altar and who 
think only of their own wicked pleasures 
and not of the misery they bring upon the 
innocent. Will you kindly enlighti 

the ! 

s advi( 

ister ? 

give a daughter t 

Now, there are two things regarding tlie 
profession, or even the occupation, of 
type-writing and stenography as regards 
young girls. The first is that a good girl 
is a good girl all the way along the line, 
from a convent to a concert garden ; the 
other is that the vocation aforesaid has 
been very much abused by girls who are 

Let "Perplexity" or any bright girl 
come to New York, fully competent to 
earn her living by stenography or other- 
wise, fearing no evil and knowing 
none, and she will find not the slightest 
real difficulty in the way of " being 
good." But let her, on the other hand, 
come with a bead full of ideas of *' con- 
quests" and "King Cophetujis " and slif 
will find equally as little trouble in lui,,- 

bad as the w 




wolves, by imy manner of means. Xi iii 
are there authentic cases where the lii ■ 
their coats is spoiled by wings. Tin \ . 
simply big human boys, very much j,tm\\ [| 
up. but with an astonishing amount ni 
reverence left in their souls for a "good 

Men are men, good giils are good girls, 
and there is no louder word to be spoken 
in favor of the respect the one has for the 
other than the presence on every hand of 
what has come to be recognized with great 
favor as the sweet, honest, independent 
" bachelor girl." She earns her own liv- 
ing and keeps her self-respect, and as time 
goes on she graduates with as much honor 
as the most carefully nurtured girl, and 
adopts her final profession of bibs and 
buttons and big and little boys to love 
and spoil. 

Amanuensis Nomenclature. 

RcMOlulloiiM Adopted al Ittc- Nlxtli 

Wherem, There is a want of uniformity 
in the titles applied to writers of short- 
hand and also to operators of writing- 
machines; therelore 

Hesotved, Thot this association will use 
in its records and tecommends for general 
use the word etenoffrapher as the biwit 
title for a writer of short-hand; ilso as 
'crbs. to nffHOffi-apfi, gtenographiny, gteno- 

Itemlnd, Tbii 


mU fnl 

AJlti typc-,rr,th n 

Itmnfred, That a copy of these resolu- 
tions be sent to each stenographic a&sn 
ciatiou in the United States, and they br 
requested to adopt the same 

lirmlred, That a copy of these resolu- 
tions be furnished to the city press of 

Right You Are, Doctor. 

In an address to Miss Tate's school, in 
West Twenty-fourth street, last summer 
Itcv, Dr. Mac Arthur put himself on 
record in this handsome way: "Learn tn 
write and speak good English, youii-: 
Indies, but above all else, learn somethinj,- 
that may be of usu to you in need. I have 
determined that my daughters shall Iciim 
stenography and type-writing, whatever 
otiier accoinplishinents they may acquire." 

City Commereial UoUege, at Des Momes. Iowa 
on July IB, for a two-days' session. The fol 
lo v'ng ei ort 's t om the Ma ' and T' nes 

ajh IN of the ' 
en eanlabltv Miss Clarke has been act 
ti J ent,aj,ed repo t ng n this c tj bo I 
offi ally ai I otbe se fo ome five years 

f Lh g the ha 

Ihc Pblladelplili 

VMiifiif ['l:iL-i' tiMli.>|i iu and writ* a letter. a.s 
well lis ijKililni;; ;ill ibe members to beconie 
betu-i uciuuiiiiol tMlii the different mDchines 
on the market, 

A Ubrary of several hundred volumes ot 
both short-hand and general litcrotureisat tho 

of rli" 1.11 lin- sl.-rLM^j^ti>liri->. ot I'lnlii.l.'lpbm, 
and it« honorary membefsbip is composed of 
the prominent members of the profession both 
home and abroad. 




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Orlein or TlMlllnK-4'ard*. 

As h the case io many other iastances, 
we owe the ioventiou of visiting-cards to 
the Chinese. So long ago as the period of 
the Tong dynasty (018-907) visiting-cards 
were known to be in common use in 
China, and that is also the date of the in- 
troduction of the "red silken cords" 
which figure so conspicuously on the en- 
gagement cards of that country. From 
very ancient times to the present day 
Chinese have observed the strictest cere- 
mony with regard to the paying of visits. 
The cards which they use for this purpose 
are very large and usually of a bright red 
color. When a Chinaman desires to marry 
his parents intimate that fact to a pro- 
fessional "match-maker.'" who thereupon 
runs through the list of her visiting ac- 
quaintances and selects one whom she con- 
aiders a fitting bride for the young man, 
and then she calls upon the young woman's 
parents, armed with the bridegroom's 
card, on which are inscribed his ancestral 
name and the eight symbols which denote 
the day of his birth. If the answer is an 
acceptance of his suit the bride's card is 
sent in return; and should the oracles 
prophesy good concerning the union the 
particulars of the engagement are written 
on two large cards, tied together with the 
re<l cords. 


Railway Trav- 

The queerest and funniest incident of 
this trip had almost a tragic termination. 
The train was just starting without ring- 
ing a bell or blowing a whistle, when a 
cloud of dust was observed traveling 
down the road to the station, and from the 
midst of which proceeded prolonged yells. 
The train was promptly stopped, and an 
ancient and rickety chaise drove up and 
there climbed down from it an old man in 
a long yellow coat and a WilUam goat 
beard. He wore besides those a pair of 
abbreviated green trousers which seemed 
to shun his boots and rise to a higher 
plane, and a beaver hat of the vintage of 
1812. He took from out of his chaise a 
bandbox tied with a string, a large carpet 
bag, two live chickens tied together by 
the legs and a crock of butter over the 
top of which a piece of muslin was tightly 
fastened. With these and an ancient um- 
brella he boarded the train with some dif- 
ficulty and sat down in a seat a few feet 
from the door. The train rolled away, 
leaving his companion in the chaise ait- 
ting, open-mouthed, paralyzed with won- 

The ancient one with the wind-toseed 
beard gripped the arm of his seat as soon 
OS he felt the train's motjou, and let out a 
startled yell that caused the passengers to 
turn pale with a fear that we had a mad 
man on board, and when the conductor 
ran to him he shouted: "ThehviU daru 
thing is sinking," 

The amiable conductor assured him that 
he was perfectly safe, and going into his 
pocket pulled out bis punch. Instantly 
the old man threw up his hands and 

"Don't shoot, mister— don't shoot ! I 
give in I " 

" I ain't goin'toshoot. I only want your 
ticket I" 

"What ticket?" 

" Your railroad ticket." 

"Ain't got none. We'uus don't hev 
no railroads." 

" Well, then, pay me. Where do you 
want to go?" 

" I'm gwine to Staunton, to my grand- 
sou's. Pete Rawlina. Know any of his 
folks down in Staunton ? " 

Just then the whUtle blew and the old 
miin jumped up and tried to get past the 

conduLtor. who held him down by miiiu 
strength. The white hair of the old 
Cracker fairly stood on end, and 't ^'is 
several minutes before he calmed down 
enough to count his change. 

At the next station, when the train 
stopped, he gathered up his belongings 
and made for the door, but was stopped 
before he could get oflf. This attempt he 
made at every station, and finally the con- 
ductor went to Iiim, saying: 

" Look here, old man, you just set still 
till you hear the brakeman holler Staunton, 
then you get off." 

He sat there awhile, and then began to 
question the lest of the passengers as to 
Staunton and its people. Thinking I could 
derive some entertainment from him, I 
changed uiy seat to the one in front of his. 
He looked at me a moment and solemnly 
took his musty leather wallet from his side 
pocket and thrust it deep into his boot. 
This action set the entire earful of people 
roaring with laughter and almost brought 
a blush to my cheek, which sensation had 
scarcely gone when the brakeman opened 
the door and yelled, " Staunton! " 

We were at the moment crossing a trestle, 
about 50 feet in height, upon the slanting, 
heavily wooded side of a mountain. We 
could look down the hill-side over the tree- 
tops and see a atlvery stream threading its 

pliut.' of trrand boy in a book store in 
Baltimore, at a salary of two dollars a 
week, and spent the vacation in hard 
work. And I enjoyed it. I have never 
been out of employment; always found 
something to do and was always eager to 
do it, and I tiiink I earned every tent of 
my first money. When first at work in 
Philadelphia I would get up very early in 
the morning, go down to the store and 
wash the pavement and put things in 
order before breakfast, and in the winter- 
titne would make the fire and sweep out 
the store. In the same spirit, when books 
were bought at night at auction, I would 
early the next morning go for them with a 
wheelbarrow. And I have never out- 
grown this wholesome habit of doing 
things directly and in order. I would 
to-day as lief carry a bundle up Chestnut 
street from the Leihjer office as I would 
then. As a matter of fact, I carry bundles 
very often. But I understand that certain 
young men of the period would scorn to 
do as much." 

Better Than Gold. 

Fully ninety-nine persons in every hun- 
dred if asked to name the most precious met- 
als would mention gold as first, platinum as 
second and silver as third. If asked to 
name othere, a few might add nickel, and 

By L. M. Kelchner, P,i 

t Euclid .4rentie Busim-^ 

winding way through a black swamp. 
The old settler rose at the sound of the 
brakeman's voice, picked up his traps, and 
going to the platform, stepped right off. 

Somebody pulled the bell-rope, stopping 
the train at once, and a relief party was 
organized which went down the mountain 
side until we came to a tall hemlock that 
looked like a gigantic Cliriatmas tree. 

Pending from its branches were chew- 
ing tobacco, chickens, rolls of butter, 
shoes and suspenders. Further down the 
hitl-side we found a patent-medicine bot- 
tle, the old umbrella, the butter-crock and 
the hat. Then we reached the old man, 
who was up to his waist in black mud, 
busily engaged in washing a whisky flask 
which he had managed to retain through 
his exciting flight. 

He was us cool ns a cucumberj and when 
we yanked him out of the mud, remarked : 

" I tell you this yere railroad traveling do 

beat , don't it '<"'— Staunton ( F« ) 


George W. Chitds, the millionaire 
proprietor of the Philadelphia LaUjtr, 
and noted everywhere for his benevolence 
no less than his business acumen, tells of 
his boyhood struggles us follows in u 
recent issue of LipjiiucotCa Mai/mint: 

"I was self-supporting at a very eariy 
age In my twelfth year, when school 
WHS dismissed for the summer, I took the 

a very few aluminium to the list. Let us 
see how near to the truth they would be. 
Gold is worth about $340 per pound, troy; 
platinum $130 and silver about $12. 
Nickel would be quoted at about 00 cents, 
and pure alunainium $8 or $!} to the troy 

We will now compare these prices with 
those of the rarer and less well-known of 
the metals. To take them in alphabetical 
order, barium sells for $975 a pound, when 
it is sold at all, and calcium is woith 
$1800. Cerium is a shade higher— its 
cost is $160 per ounce, or $1920 a pound. 

Those begin to look like fabulous 
prices, but they do not reach the highest 
point; chromium brings $200, cobalt falls 
to about half the price of silver, while 
didymium is the same j)rice as cerium, 
and erbium $10 cheaper on the ounce 
than calcium, or just $1680 per_pound. 

If the wealth of the Vanderbilts be not 
overstated it amounts to nearly $200,000,- 
000. With this sum they could purchase 
312 tons of gold and have something left 
over, but they couldn't buy two tons of gal- 
liiun, that rare metal being worth $3250 
an ounce. With this metal the highest 
price is reached, and it may well be called 
the rarest and most precious of metals. 

Glucinum is worth $250 per ounce; in- 
dium, $158; iridium, $«58 a pound; lan- 
thanium, $175, and lithium, $160 per 
ounce. Niobium costs $128 per ounce; 
I, palladium, platinum, [HUassium 

and rhodium bring respectively $640, 
$400. $130, $32 and $512 per pound. 
Strontium costs $128 an ounce; tolurium, 
$9; thorium, $272; vanadium. $320; ytt- 
rium, $144, and zirconium $250 an ounce. 

Thus we see that the commonly-received 
opinion as to what are the most precious 
metals is quite erroneous. Barium is more 
than four times as valuable as gold and 
gallium more than 162 times as costly, 
while many of the metals are twice and 
thrice as valuable. 

The enormous value of the metals re- 
ferred to obove will scarcely drive gold 
out of use as a jeweler's material. Their 
high cost is due to the expensive processes 
by which they are ])repared and the miuuti- 
quantities in which they are obtained. 
Although the metal gallium may be worth 
$3250 an ounce, there is probably not a 
pound of it in the market. These figures 
are, therefore, interesting as curiosities 
only. — Owr Youth. 

nr. iriaeruder<s OroBatiite-Gown. 

"Elfleda, something tells me you made 
this yourself." 

"I did, Callithumpian. I made it with 
my own hands as a present for you. It's a 

Mr. Magruder held the present at arm's 
length and contemploted it with silent 
awe. In the six months of his previous 
career as a devoted young husband he had 
never been so deeply moved. 

" When I gaze at the unearthly gorgeous- 
ness of this gown, Elfleda," he said at 
length, "and the conviction slowly but 
irresistibly forces itself into my mind that 
it is intended for me to wear, can you 
wonder that I hesitate— that I ask myself 
what I have done to deserve it ? Elfleda," 
he exclaimed, in a husky whisper, as he 
closed the blinds, "I think I will try it 
on. Be calm, darling." 

" I am glad you like it, Callithumpian. 
You have been so good, so thoughtful. 

"Heaven knows I have tried to be, 
Elfleda ! " said the agitated young hus- 
band, wiping his fevered brow impulsively. 
"Which is the— the upper Irontier of 
this — this magnificent garment ? " 

" Here it is, Callithumpian. But before 
you put it on. dear, just look at this beau- 
tiful design on the right shoulder. Isn't 
it nicely worked ? " 

" Elfleda, it is absolutely paralyzing ! " 

"You know what it is, of course ? " 

" I— I think I do. It's the hanging of 
Old Brown." 

"Oh, Callithumpian 1" wailed the wife. 
"I meant it for the translation of the 
Proi)het Elijah I " 

"It will do for either one, Elfleda," 
gasped the husband, us he struggled 
frenziedly with the gown. "I'd wear 
anythii^g that was made with your own 
fair hands, my darling," he continued, as 
he got it on wrong side out and hind :iide 
before, " if it was meant to be Adam and 
Eve in the Garden of Eden and looking 
like a three-tent circus and meuigerie in 
a tornado. Don't cry, Elfleda ! I'll wear 
it now if it costs me every friend I have 
in the world. I'd wear it if John Ruskin 
himself should ask me as a personal favor 
to take it off ! Such love us mine will 
stand anything. Marriage is not a fail- 
But we have no business lingering about 
here. Let us withdraw quietly from the 
scene. — Vukiioi^n Exchange. 

The World** Future Fuel Supply. 

Some of the leading journals of the day 
have recently been speculating on the 
probable exhaustion of anthracite and 
other coal in the United States, assuming 
also that the world's supply of coul must 
be chiefly obtained from this country. 
We have been looking up the subject and 
find that there are large bodies of unde- 
veloped coal territory in the Netherlands, 
Switzerland, Sweden, Denmark, Germany, 

An r JOI'K.N.VI. 

Bohemin, Sil»eria, Hanover, aniount*ng to 
50,000 square miles, and Russia, with 32,- 
000 square miles. The island of Formosa 
caD furnish 10,000 square miles of coal. 
At Peking there are seams of coal 95 feet 
ill thickness. Large coal territories abound 
in Austria, Spain, Southwefit Poland, 
Portugal. Italy, Greece, Turkey, Persia, 
amounting to over 39,000 square miles, to 
which we may add 35,000 square miles for 
India and 400,000 to the credit of China. 
Japan is capable of furnishing 0000 square 
miles. Then we take the Falkland Is- 
lands, Patagonia and Peru, where there 
are very extensive deposits of coal. 
Most of the southern part of Chili 
is a vast coal-field. Then comes 
Brazil, an immense empire, having 
coal-beds from seventeen to twenty-five 
feet in thickness. In the United States 
of Colombia there is cretaceous coal of fair 
quality, and bituminous beds far beneath 
the surface. Then we must make a note 
of Mexico, Vancouver's Island, New South 
Wales, the latter 35, 000 square miles. To 
these we add Queensland, Victoria, West- 
ern Australia, good for 14,000 square 
miles. New Zealand can furnish 29,000, 
and then we have not counted on Tas- 
mania, New Caledonia, Natal, Alaska and 
Btill other undeveloped parts of the world, 
making an addition of at least 100,000 
square miles. 

It must be remembered that all the car- 
boniferous areas enumerated ore undevel- 

novelists were Goldsmith and Scott. 
Goldsniitli wrote "The Vicar of Wake- 
field," the HrBtpure domestic novel. It is 
called *• a snow-drop springing from the 
muck of the classics." Scott's novels were 
historical and thev are apt to create a lik- 
ing for history. 

In the nineteenth century Thackeray and 
Dickens appeared. The former teaches 
monds and unveils the follies of the social 
life. The latter was the first to give 
children a place in the novel. We are all 
acquainted with their popuiarity. The 
most noted woman novelist is George j 

I could mention a great raauy novelists 
whose novels are not helpful to the mind, 
im indeed is the case with many of the 
novels at this time. The novels of the 
ancient writers could be read without 
harm, and many of them were beneficial 
to the reader. "Take the good classic 
novels and we find that they improve, 
strengthen and instruct the mind. " — 
Josie Deuiing^ in the School Visitor, Madi- 
«fl», Wis. 

[It is a mistake to credit Sir W^alter 
Scott, novelist, to the eighteenth century. 
"Waverley," the first of the great series 
bearing that general uame, appeared in 
1814, anonymously, as all the world knows. 
Scott's literary reputation before that 
period had rested on his splendid poems, 
whose titles are household words. In 
fact, at the beginning of the nineteenth 

ment to .jOOO persons, who receive weekly 
about 150.000 in wages. 

The total wool production of the world 
is estimated at 3,000,000.000 pounds. 
Australia is the heaviest producer, coming 
to the front with 455,570.000 pounds; 
then the United States. 307,588,000 
pounds; the Argentine Republic, 288,- 
047.000 pounds; Ku&sia, 262,966,000; 
Great Britain, 135,000,000. All the other 
countries range each below 100.000,000 

now to Find (he liliia:. 

The number of pupils sDould not exceed 
nine. One of them is selected, unknown 
to you, to put the ring on one of his 
fingers. You now say you will tell* Fir»t, 
who wears the ring; second, the hand it is 
on; thiril, the finger of the hand, and, 
fourth, the joint of the finger. This is 
apparently presuming to do a great deal, 
and your hearers will look on at first rather 

The pupils being seated in regular order, 
must be numbered 1, 2, 3, Ac. The thumb 
must be termed the first finger, the fore 
finger being the second. The joint nearest 
the extremity must be calledthe first joint; 
the right hand is one and the left hand 
two. These preliminaries arranged, leave 
the room, in order that the ring may be 
placed unobserved by you. Supjiose that 
the third pupil has the ring on the right 
hand, third finger and first joint. Your 
object is to discover the figures 3131. He- 
turning to the room, ask one of the pupils 
to perform secretly the following arith- 
metical operations : 

I J. A. Weaco, Penman of the Portland, Ore., Business College. {Fitolo-En[f raved.) 

oped and known only to geologists. We 
do not mean by this that geologists are 
wiser than other people, but such matters 
come within the line of their profession, 
and geology is a study of such colossal 
magnitude that very few persons give it 
any attention. In this estimate we have 
not included any of the working opera- 
tions of the world, nor any coal lands 
in North America excepting Alaska and 
Mexico, nor have we delved into the car- 
iKiniferous strata of Africa. It will thus 
be seen that the world's future supply of 
fuel is not likely to be exhausted for the 
next 1,000,000 centuries.— ,'!//«'//(« Timtii. 

"A novel is a fictitious narrative de- 
signed to represent the operations of hu- 
man passions. A romance is a kind of 
novel which treats of wild and startling 
adventures, particularly in love and war." 

As early ils the seventeenth century we 
began to hear of the English novel. Some 
think Defoe was the founder, but more are 
in favor of Richardson. 

The early novelists were Richardson and 
Fielding. The latter wrote his first novel 
to satirize the former's "Pamela." The nov- 
els of that time would be very tedious for 
us to read, and yet after being published 
they were read to a great extent. In the 
eighteenth century the two most popular 

century he had only given the world a 
taste of his matchless talents in a few 
ballads and verse translations, not at all 
comparable with his later works. — 

From tlie Glrl^N Point of View. 

A type-writer girl thus expresses herself 
in the Indianapolis Journnl : " I get sick 
of men and their ways. They are messy ; 
they sling paper all over the oflftce, and 
loll about on the desks and chairs in such 
undignified attitudes. They smoke and 
chew. We have fourteen drummers who 
come into our office, and only one of the 
fourteen has ever had the courtesy to ask 
me if cigar-smoke is oflFensive to me. 
Then, they are silly ; they talk such non- 
sense as sixteen-year-old girls wouldn't be 
guilty of. It is all about neckties, new 
hats, balletSf good dinners, and so on. If 
you think man is the superior animal, you 
just spend some time in a business office 
with assorted sizes of him, and you will 
see. I am beginning to beUeve that a 
trashy dime novel is better society than 
the average man, and equally improving." 

IndaMtrlal Notes 

The consumption of gold in industrial 
arts throughout the world is $46,000,000, 
and of silver |22,000,000 per annum. 

There are over $8,000,000 invested in 
potteries in this country, of which $4,000,- 
000 are centered in Trenton, N. J. There 
are 26 potteries there, which give employ- 

1. Double the number of the pupil who has the 
ring; in the case supposed this will pro- 

2. Adds"^^''^"^"""^!'"!!""'"^! 11 

:t. Multiply by 5 S.'i 

4. Add 10 tin 

■5. Add the number denoting tbe band. . 60 

6. Multiply by 10 660 

7. Add the number of tbe finger 66-S 

8. Multiply by 10 H,6!i0 

y. Add the number of the joint «,(W1 

10, Add35 lt,B<56 

He must apprise you of the figures pro- 
duced, 6666. You will then, in all coses, 
subtract 3535. In the present instance 
there will remain 3131, denoting the per- 
son No. 8, the hand No. 1. the finger No. 
3 and the joint No. 1. The formula may 
readily be memorized or the various opera- 
tions may be written on a small card by the 
performer for reference and convenience. 

Now let your class discover the prin- 
cijile. — School Bulletin. 

Tbe Type- Writer Olrl. 

Fair girl with lightning fingers, 
How my memory yet lingers 

On the time I sat and watched you 
whack the keys; 
You played 'twixt A and izzard 
Like a wild Dakota blizzard, 

And seemed to do it with the greatest 

I can flirt my hands a trifie 
On the pistol or the rifie 
When the ledskins interrupt me on o 

But I've struck a sort of notion. 
With that double-jointed motion 
Your speed upon the writer knocks mc 

When long enough you've tarried, 

And to some nice man get marric<l, 

I imagine I can see your "hubby" 

O, he surely will go frantic. 
And cut many a lively antic 
When you twine those lightning fingers 

in his hair. 

—Modern Office, Colunihfig, Ohio. 

The Type-Writer. 

Among all the mechanical inventions for 
which the age is noted — and in the pro- 
duction of which we Americans lead the 
world, as admitted by everyliody except a 
few stubborn foreigners — none, perhaps, 
has more rapidly come into general use 
and popularity than the type-writer. The 
pen-written business letter has become the 
exception. The wise author has his matter 
carefully copied on a machine before he 
sends it to the publi.sher. The foolish 
author still clings to that scraggy style of 
penmanship closely resembling the tracks 
of a perambulatory hen which is supposed 
to go hand in hand with genius; but he 
chiefly reaps rejections and bitterness. A 
young and unknown author who wntes any 
but the best of hands improves his chances 
of acceptance 50 per cent, by submitting 
his burning words neatly written on a 
type- writer. 

" Used in corrcspoudence the type-writer 
has its slight drawbacks. Sometimes it is 
almost too plain. Those of us — and we 
are of the name legion — who have never 
mastered all of the orthographic eccen- 
tricities of the English language had a trick 
when wc wrote a doubtful word of writ- 
ing it poorly — of making the "a" which 
we had a lurking suspicion ought, per- 
haps, to be an " e" so that it would pass 
muster very well as either; and sometimes 
we slipped aquiet, unobtrusive dot over it, 
so that if need be — worse coming to 
worst — it might slip in as an "i." This 
eased our consciences; there it was — if our 
correspondent called it wrong it was his 
own fault — honi soil qui, &c. With the 
type-writer nothing of this kind is pos- 
sible, but — God tempers the wind to the 
shorn lamb — we can, and usually do, un- 
gallantly lay all such errors at the door of 
the young lady who, unfortunately, so far 
is obliged to bear the same name as the 
machine she operatea. 

But the type-writer has its limitations. 
It was only a few months ago that a Bos- 
ton young man was promptly rejected 
wheu he proposed to a young lady with a 
type-written letter. It served him right. 
The telephone is the very limit in these 
things. It was a New York young man 
who rang up the object of his affections 
with the telephone while a hated rival— a 
youth from Philadelphia— was trying to 
entertain her in the parlor, proposed, was 
accepted, and ten minutes later sent a dis- 
trict messenger boy around with the ring. 
This was enterprise, and the lady recog- 
nized it. The Boston man's effort was 
simply rashness; he might as well have 
g^ven his lawyer power of attorney and 
sent him to a.ik the " low, sweet ques- 
tion." The type-writer will perhaps do 
in everything save in the oflice and affairs 
of love'. 

To become expert with the type-writer 
in original composition requiring much 
thought is, we iire i.'iv.-ri to uuflcrstand, 
somewhat Mllln m!i \ff-, ,11 -.v- >loubt 
if good ]>•■' I ■',. riiii- 

chine. llm ' '■ ■!■■■ ■"■' '■' ■ ' ■" i"""t 
fjom copv 

and the Trih<iiH' inki 
speak for the great i 

U|IUU lULlf to 

uf edit4jr»i and 
k him to do so. Shake>i])eare could not 
ivc written "A Midsummer Night's 
I Dream" on a modern type-writer; the 
jingling of the bell at the end of each 
line would have disturix-d liim; he would 
have cast it awav before the second 
scene and returned to the goose quill, 
though it must be admitted that he 
needed a type-writer about as badly as any 
one. Judging from his autograph, it 
would seem that he must have lingered 
pretty well toward the foot of the writing 
class lit the Strat ford -upoi. -Avon school. 
Wc suppose that it wiu a good thing for 
Shake.Hpi-Hr.ihiii \u- never tried to get hifl 
living l)v r, u- . .nil,-'- of penman- 
ship. Tali.i .hi! I ill,; Shakespeare 
wrote "ll iri.i. I :'■ \' ■■-■iiiiture might 
11 ' M[i)ing u])cm it 
ll.f(■^so^8 of writing 
Lraii make beautiful 
senilis and capital 
h fcuthere on their 

frighten ;i 'mil | 
suddenly. Tli. r, :. 
here in New York ' 
lanship birdw 

V's"and ' 

To admirers of arti9tic pen-Jlouriahing 
the next itaue o/ TuK Journal iciU he the 
mott tnterestinff that haa ever Ifcen printed. 

l'i:.\.vi.\N s Art Jolknai. 

■ adrrrtiaements 

etrUs. No fi . .^ __ . . ., 
ayentg who art subgcribers, to aid thri 

laMnff tubscriptii 

Foreiffn tubgcHptiona ( 
liil I'nion) tl-''i^ per year. 

tubacription with large 
mn for chiba Send 10 
rii'XAL for December 

York, September, 



L.?90ii« in I'n.clual Wriflng-Ni 

IJ. W. H>>ff. 
I'lililic-Sfhuol U'lirk iwlUi Respect to Writ- 

inK) 128-3 

P<tlirrH by H W. SUayUir, E L- Wile]/ ami ' 

Tlumw Kmimttr. WrUinQ Superfnteiitl- 

SnoRT-HAND Dei'artment — 124-5 



InBtruciion ill Pen-Woi-k— No. 18 131 

II. W. Kibht. 
Trnirk- Sloiy ..i On,— Two, Oiie^Two 

'Vfr-.-' lai 

ADVLH11M -u 1^ ,131-fl 

Few of our friends^ we fancy, have for- 
trotteu the I>caiitifui specimens that were 
called out last winter by ourprize flourish- 
ing contest. The remarkable success of 
that venture induced us to offer other and 
higher prizPH. The new competitiuu 
closed September 1. As a result we have 
now a large number of elegant flourished 
specimens, embracing some of the most 
beautiful and most perfect that it has ever 
been our pleasure to see— and we have 
seen a good many pen-flourishes in our 
day. After the judge (appointed bv vole 
of the cpute^lanta) shall have selected the 
be-Ht three specimens from the whole 
number sub'iiitted, these three will be 
printed in The Jofrkal and the decision 
as to their relative merits will be decided 
by vote of The Journai. readers. These 
three specimens will be printed in the 
next issue of The Journal. Lookout 
for them. 

TiiK VIEWS on teaching writing ad- 
viitired in another part of this i«sue by 
Professor Shnylor with his accustomed 
clearness may be studied with profit by 
yonug teachers, and by old ones. too. 


Penmen who are i 
with work may find the 
MacuairA Co., in ouradvertisiug columns, 
of interest. 

Till-: Pknmak's Art Journal is u 
power in its field and must be instrumental 
in doing much good in the cause of educa- 
tion.— 67. Vialure-g CoUfffe Journal, Bow- 
bonnais Giove, 111. 


or some or Hitt Troubl<>«. 

Editor op The Journal: 

I beg to present a few points which 
may interest readers of Tub Journal, 
especially those who have been long prac- 
ticing and desire to become easy and 
rapid writers. 

When I have studied the several differ- 
ent theories for acquiring excellent pen- 
manship, I fail to make practical all that 
tbese lessons teach. For example, I fail 
to pel form what is urged to be of prime 
importance to penmen — I fail to write 
with the pen-holder pointing directly at 
my head and parallel with every down- 
stroke on a direct line with main slant. 
Such a position will at once hide the pen 
from view and so the jioint of the fore- 
finger hinders one from giving space to 
letters and bringing them exactly to the 
base-line. Now. I find I write best when 
I take the position with right side to 
stand — that is, about two inches above the 
elbow when the arm is dropped to the 
side. But even in this easy position I 
cannot make a direct motion of more than 
three-fifths of an inch without combining 
finger movement with fore-arm movement. 
Wlien I do employ the finger movement 
to obtain long sweeps up and d iwn there 
is a friction caused by the third and 
fourth fingers not sliding freely upon the 
nails. They seem to be raised from the 
paper in the contraction and expansion of 
the thumb and forefinger. Moreover, the 
straight line on main slant is not made 
with the fore-arm moving perpendicularly 
to ruled lines or in a direct line with the 
correct position, but with a motion com- 
bined—direct and lateral— so that main 
slant is produced with little or no fric- 
tion. And to write very long words or 
lines across the page the arm must rest so 
lightly that, when moved laterally, it will 
glide as smoothly as do the sliding of the 
nails. But to form correct capital stems 
it seems natural to turn the hand so that 
the holder shall point more toward the 
head than the right shoulder. 

Of late I have examined some tracing ex- 
ercises in Spencerian copy-book which ac- 
companies Prof. E. K. Isaac's " Lessons in 
Penmanship,'* and I fail to see how a stu- 
dent can derive much benefit therefrom. I 
think it may answer very well for begin- 
ners, but anyone who has acquired a good, 
easy posirion and a correct knowledge of 
main and connecting sbnt does not need 
to follow tracing exercises, because it 
lessens speed and gives friction to easy 
movement already acquired. 8ome may 
say, "Your easy and rapid movement 
writing lacks symmetry, hence tlie author 
of such needs drilling on a series of tracing 
exercises which will reduce his style to 
conform with that of engraved copies." So 
ft may; but in so doing he loses, I think, 
more than be has gained. I have verified 
this in my own experience m a similar 
manner. Being a great admirer of such 
easy, graceful and rapid style as that of 
Gaakell, Mnderasz and their like, I prac- 
ticed everything! could get from Professoi 
Gaskell, and the result was I acquired a 
very free style of execution. I even 
taught his system after his plan of analysis 
—only five principles— and with moderate 
success. But in preparing my copies for 
pupils I relaxed into a slower movement; 
at the same time I increased my finger mo- 
tion until I fear it almost absorbed the 
motion from the fore-arm. Greater friction 
was Uie concomitant of more symmetrical 
writing, more like copy-book style, but 
less artistic. 

I would like to know whether any pen- 
man can write both a fine copy and a 
rajiid flowing sty^e; whether he can pre- 
serve his power to execute engraved-Iike 
copies when he is given to composing, 
wherein the mind is absorbed with graver 
thought than that which calls up artistic 
forms of letters and watihes over the 

hand in it;, guided attempt tucopy thcui — 
thought directing motion under the 
power of esthetic forms, applauding to 
higher beautv when the hand does well, 
despairing when it fails to transcribe well. 

Well, since the force of my mental fac- 
ulties has been divided upon this compo- 
sition — now on the subject, now on writ- 
ing—it is plain that neither is done so well 
a-s it might be were the force divided. 
Therefore, I conclude that when you com- 
pose well the hand is left to work auto- 
matically and you do not write so well: 
and when artistic penmanship is the ob- 
ject you do not compose well, if at all. 
An Earnest Student. 

Waelder, Te^m. 

If our correspondent does not differ 
anatomically from the rest of the species 
an imperfect control of the muscles must 
lie at the root of his troubles. Many 
students deceive themselves into believing 
that they have accomplished a perfectly 
free movement because of an ability /.o make 
sweeping lines, which do not by any means 
indicate that the "movement" acquired 
is the correct one for writing purposes. 
Special gymnastic exercises designed to 
reach the particular muscles employed in 
writing, to limber them up and make them 
elastic and quickly respondent to the mo- 
tion of the hand in executing graceful 
forms, are recommended by many success- 
ful writing teachers. The conflict between 
mind and hand mentioned by our corres- 
pondent is undoubtedly an outgrowth of 
the same diflicultj. The muscles, being 
imperfectly trained, require constant 
mental supervision to hold them down to 
good work. This, of course, prevents a 
concentration of the mental faculties on the 
subject matter. As to position, the doc- 
iiiice agreed to disagiee. 
iron-clad rule that will 
es. Individual physical 
t an influence that cannot 

caprice, while more 
susceptible of correction, make it quite out 
of the question to formulate a rule that will 
fit all cases. — Editor. 

An Amateur Files His Protest 

OppoMed (o the Tnkliii: of Mltorllen 

Editor of The Journal; 

Thinking we all have a right to express 
our own ideas in regard to penmanship, 
I wish to call your attention to the capi- 
tals executed by Mr. Zaner on page lO.'i 
of the August number of The Journal. 
If the letters were not in ulphabctieal 
order I would be puzzled to know what 
letter the character is that is meant for Q. 
It is the first Q I ever saw made that way. 
No person would know at first glance 
what letter it was meant for, unless it is 
Mr. Zaner. 

Please allow me to call your attention 
to one more fault. The three cousins. l\ 
B and R, do not show any relation to 
each other, and according to principles in 
writing they should, unless it is a set of 
variety capitals. 

I think our instructors should be more 
careful in what thev piesent to the ama- 
teurs in penmanship, for I am one of 
them. F. O. Putnam. 

Tjogan, loicti. 

Mrs. HuH.plir.y Ward, author of "Robert 
LhiiHjf. writi s it -^niall and ucat but cmi- 
tui]il\ -.iM.ii^ :ii,,i Mgurous hand, with no 
Hour,~|i, ., -,,iii,.ti„H-s in earnest haste 
running, -.^v-ial words together. She 
signs hersolf " .Sincerely yours. Mary A. 
Ward, with a single straight dash be- 

A Sagacious Don.—" Yes, my Caro is 
a thoroughly sensible creature. Every 
night he fetches me my sausage from the 
pork -butcher's, and if a strange dog ofl:ers 
to take it from him what do you think he 
does y Why, he gobbles it up himself ! ' 
— Fhegende Blatter. 

There can be no 
apply to all cas^ 
peculiarities exert 
be questioned, 
culiaritics, habit 




Some curious errors occurred in print- 
ing the list of the teachers in attendance 
upon the B. E. Convention at Cleveland 
lust month, due to a misconnection be 
tween the editor and the proof. Thi-r. 
also some omissions. The correctionis 

i follows 

, N. Y. 

Mi„ iJlla S^h.un. I uiciimati. Ohio. 

R. C, Cleveland, Ohio. 

llie names E. R. Felton, H.T. Loomis, J. H, 
ryaot mj<l l^rofcasor Twiggs were put down 
i from Lexington, Ky., but should De Cleve- 


uiS K H portb b ook 

ur giDg 
S ni O b gaged 

'fee H H H M 

F d b fi d h 

m Bua ess Q 

b mp his fl 

I flsh h A IT 

b b d ed rs 

se b as Fal N mm 

dan g ''mi 

d k as 

au be T pe 

edh V L m D 
H d 

M W te M ss 

Ki ul g p rt d 

— O. C. Durnyy, proprietor of tbe American 
islness College of Allentown, Pa., is a gradu- 
of H. W. Kibbe. Mr. Dornev's school, we 
e pleased to learn, has been successful from 
e start and promises great tbings for the 

Springfield, Mass. A large number of pen- 
manship specimens and half-tone views of the 
various depai-tments of tbe school are shown. 
A portrait of Principal C. E. Cbilds appeai-sas 

respec d a most 



keeps breast 
b p ess D 


IS Pro ess 

b ing 
p Tb d 

tak m 
mim>.bp H 

1 h b be and test 

i g xi 
d d 

A W A d 
an b 
ah b N 1 

schoo and givi g 


—Denning & Proctor, of tbe Madison (Wis.) 
Business College and Academy, issue a busi- 
ness-like catalogue. Tbe roll of students at 
their school during the past year reaches 
nearly 3U0. 

—A forgery case at Minneapolis involving 
severaJ hundred thousand dollars is a recent 
ation. The victim is Minneapolis' million- 
pioneer, John T. Blaizdell, and the culprit 

tr ed n g 

ess g ha- 

h Fl 
pape ed ted 

, ed Rd 

a dgm 

a h bpe 


b d 

g n h ■** eah 

T ed bii. p b a 

-Stone's Pojntlar Educator, from the 

like its style. Some of tbe good i)eu-work of 

World, from the Detroit Busi 

lished at the New Jersey State Reform School, 

Jamesburtt, N. J. It ii 

nal and selected depart 

tfamesburt;, N. J. It is good both in its c 



^■-^j-^^'id^/ " 

By W. L. titarkey. Penman Colem 

t CoUege, Newark, N. ./. IFhoto-Engraved.) 

—In the Doihj Jui 

thepl.■^r,.f lL.,>n. 

— The figbt^euth annual catalogui 
Uem City Business College, Quincy, I 
together creditable to an mstitutinn th. 
its students by tbe hundieii. riip 
would require a catalogue. I '.■<\ ■■■„, 
size to record tbe roll of -1 1 1 I 
Principal MusseUnan'>- > \| 
extends o 



I CoUege, Normal 

of the Minneapolis Busi 

the National 

Fi-ank Goodman, of business-college fan 
is hardly necessary to say that the tas 
discharged with delicacy, tact and abilit 
course Goodman distinguished himself, 

Belfast claini'r 
of the world in 
President Clevc 
the back of a ) 
words, and was 
He has of lat« « 

—Dollars and Sense, from the Spenceri 
Business College, Cleveland, tells the story 
the recent B. E, A. cnnvfntion, and telly 
well, cousiflei-iug the sjiacc utcununaiid 

page quarttily. published by Williams 

stepjMHi out into the cciitt^r to 
length view to admiring friends. 

I. lit Uruther 
atr,>id a full- 

at Keokiij Iowa. We a 

throughout with whitt i 


Jiirodueiug also tbe modi^i ,^.,v^, ,., ,,, 
_\\ . Kibbe, which first made its appcura 

The Joukk 
-The J 

I. had tbe pleasui'e recently o 

tbe Lord's Prayer eight ti 

noted men ' 
wonderful ^ 

tleman. — Lewis 

—The strong article in tbe Septen 


Powers til' 

and prtxet-d gradually to Ibe most diflicult 
ptu-ts of the subjec't. The work can be ob- 
tained by any teacher by mailing *l..^u to O. M. 
Powei's, publisher, Chicago, 111. 

"Allen's Forty Lessons in Book-Keeping," 
by Ueorge Allen, Newbern, N. C, is in its 


B that will become vei-y familiar e 

— W. D, MosHer, principal of the Lancaster 
(Pa.) Biuiiucss College, sends a letter and speci- 
meus that leave no doubt of his chu'ographic 
ability. The Journal, ho says, haij been of 

drawings recently sub- 
<AL ai-e of a high order of 

recently mads for A. M. 

riiikk-d through the 

Every pcnn 
design. W-- 

bright as a 

— R. W. 


i editor of Knight of the 
.^^. „„per of Wood & Van Pat 
5 College, Davenport, Iowa. The 

Queer Things in the Mail. 

The Deftd-Letter Office at Washington, 
writes a correspondent ot the New York 
World, is in some respects the greatest 
muaeura in the world, for here are daily 
received the queerest thinds imaginable. 
Everything that goes astray in Uncle 
Sam's mail goes to that ofBcv, and in the 
course of a year every conceivable kind of 
an article, from a pa]>er of pins or box of 
soap to a corset stid ase-handle, is re- 
ceived. Once each year the Dej)artmcnt 
has a clearance saie of the miseellaneons 
articles which have accumulated during 
the twelvemonths, and about 12,000 are 
disposed of at each sale. 

It is estimated that every day in the 
year about 18.000 lettera, parcels and 
packages go astray in the mails, nearly all 
of which hod their way to the Dead-Letter 
Office. As fast as received this great mass 
of mail matter is assorted, opened and 
classified. The Dead-Letter Office is not 
very large, but it is one of the busiest 
places in the national capital at any hour 
of the day. The operatives employed are 
nearly all women, as they are more accu- 
rate and skillful than men in opening, as- 
sorling, correcting and returning the stray 

All about the room are tables piled high 
with letters, parcels and packages. About 
twenty-five men and women t(re engaged 
here. In the gallery above, seated at 
tables, are sixty women, who do nothing 
but read the letters received, in order to 
determine if they iire of sufficient im- 
portance to be returned to the writers. 
All kinds of letters arc subject to their 
perusal, from the daintily-perfumed hillel- 
douj', filled with love and endearing terms, 
to the brief and prosaic business letter of 
the hurried commercial man. Many are 
the ardent messages breathing the heart's 
sweetest emotions that are perused by 
these unsentimental women and then con- 
signed to the flames, for all letters that 
are not returned to the writers are burned. 
If these women were given to gossip 
many are the mysteries they could imravel, 
the tales they could tell, and in many 
cases perhaps explain the reason '' that 
the letter that he longed for never came." 

Misdirected and only partially addressed 


to 1 

long experience has acquired great 
skill in studying out addresses and who 
knows every city, town, village and ham- 
let in the country. She also knows the 
names of the streets in the different cities 
and is, In fact, a veritable United States 
Gazetteer. From her almost infinite knowl- 
edge of names and places, the faculty of 
deciphering all kinds of illegible chirog- 
raphy and her familiarity with English, 
French, German, Italian, Spanish and 
Russian she is enabled to send to the 
rightful claimants, unopened, about 50 
per cent, of the misdirected and partially 
addressed letters received. 

As a rule, English, German and French 
are the prevailing languages used in ad- 
dressing letters, although those inscribed 
in Italian, Hebrew, Spanish, Arabic, Per- 
sian, Russian and, in fact, every other 
tongue, reach New York from a sea voy- 
age, and many of them are sent to the 
Dead-Letter Office to be deciphered and 
readdrcssed in English so that the post- 
masters whose linguistic accomplishments 
are limited may deliver them in the good 
old Anglo-Saxon. 

All letters which cannot be deciphered 
by the expert are turned over to a force of 
clerks, who open them and remove all 
valuables. They are then put up in pack- 
ages of 100 each and sent to the sixty 
readers. Money, checks, drafts and all 
valuables taken from the letters are re- 
turned to the sender uuless the party for 
whom they are intended can be found. 
Last year nearly $10,000,000 was taken 
from letters, all of which was returned ex- 
cept about $9000, the owners of which 
could not be found. 

Connected with the department of the 
Dead-Letter Office is a museum where 
the many curious articles that come in the 
mails and cannot be restored are placed on 
exhibition. All about the room are up- 
right cabinets in which the articles are 
displayed. Here can be seen toys, jew- 
elry and pictures of every description. 
One of the rarest curiosities ever received 
and now on exhibition is a sheet of pan^h- 
raent on which is penned the Lord's Prayer 
in fifty-four different languages. It came 
to New York in 1842 in the mail from 
England, and as no trace of the owner 
could be discovered it was sent to the Dead- 
Letter Office. It is said to be a duplicate 
of a parchment which hangs in St. Peter's 
at Rome. A beautiful crucifix of solid gold 
reste in a case in one cabinet. It renched 

the office marked "unclainu'd" from a 
Southern office, and no trace of its owner 
could ever be discovered. A IRdy's fan, 
made of stork feathers, the plumes being 
richer and rarer than the finest ostrich 
plumes, is without question the handsom- 
est thing in the whole collection. It is a 
magnificent fan and no doubt graced at 
some time the costume of a court beauty 
of the Old World, for it was received in 
the foreign mails'. In one of the cabinets 
is a lock of dark brown hair partly con- 
cealed in an envelope, on which is the in- 
scription: "This is a lock of my hair. 
(Hiarles Quiteau." It was put in the mail 
by the assassin of President Garfield and 
in due time reached the Dead-Letter 

A human skull grins at the visitor from 
one cabinet, where it has lain for several 
years. It is brown with age and came 
through the mail several years ago. The 
only tiling to tell its story was the name, 
"Jimmy McDuff," engraved on the frontal 
bone. Whether this is the skull of Jimmy 
McDuif, a murderer who was executed in 
the West, can only be conjectured. A 
novel letter in the shape of a pink sea- 
shell, on which is inscribed a tender message 

Illegible Autographs and a 

There is one very evil habit that a class 
of business men drift into that ought to 
be pointed out, discountenanced aud edu- 
cated against, and that is affecting auto- 
graphs that are very difficult to decipher 
or entirely illegible. 

To say that every man should write his 
name so that each letter is sufficiently 
plain and the letters so arranged as to 
produce a signature that is easily read is 
to utter sense that no business man will 
take exceptions to, but most heartily in- 

Every business man has a correspond- 
ence, some more and some less, according 
to the nature and extent of the business, 
aud all of these have been annoyed, em- 
barrassed, and suffered more or le?3 in 
many ways from the shamefully careless 
manner that some men subscribe their 
names to important letters and valuable 

that the whole name can be executed witli 
a dash of the pen and form graceful pict- 
ure work, but must always be readable 
Then the student should be required to 
practice his autograph over and over, giv- 
ing some attention to it each day under 
the direction of a skilled teacher, until he 
or she takes a pride in it, and the habit of 
writing it well becomes so fixed that it will 
be well written when written with a good, 
bad or indifferent pen of steel, gold or 
quill, stick, pencil, chalk or crayon; with 
ink, paint nr fluid; on table, desk, board, 
boolc, h<-t\ linf, V-Tirr nr fence; in an office, 
hnlrl -:. null, it iiilrt>ad-car. Carriage or 
oniinii I -1 Lruling or reclining; 

II lUt Uill bloom of health ami 
ixpiriug old age, and always 
I the work of the hand that 
executed it, the personal characteristics 
marked so strongly as to discourage any 
attempt at forgery and always readable as 
print. — Busiiics)' World. 

We take pleasure in cilling the attention 
of young uieuand womcu to ThePenman'k 
Art Journal. It is always full of matter 

youth ( 

Specimen of Practical Business Writing. By E. M. Barber, Valparaiso, Ind. {Late Wichita, Kan."*. {Photo-Enffraved.) 

of love, is exhibited. It reached its owner 
in a city in Massachusetts, who refused to 
pay 21 cents, due in po.<tage, and was sent 
to the Dead-Letter Office, where the public 
may read the affectionate inscription and 
admire the pretty and novel missive. 

In one case are several hundred dollars' 
worth of gold and silver (juartz that has 
been recciviil fiorn linn, (o time. Stand- 
ing in on. . mi n.i mI I I iv, is a negro doll 
that was ;Lil.iii -r,] In ;l N.w York society 
belle. SIj- 111 --oUK.- \\:\\ discovered what 
it was and relused to ]my the postage due 
upon it. Coins of every land and age are 
in the collection. In one case is a set of 
false teeth, and near them repose a set of 
blonde frizzes that were addressed to a 
Boston lady, but which were refused. An 
axe such as are used by firemen was re- 
ceived and is on exhibition. A few years 
ago a can was received at the office, and 'upon 
being opened sixteen rattlesnakes made 
their escape. The men and women took 
elevated positions on the tables and gave 
the reptiles full })ossession of the Hoor. 
Finally (juiet was restored aiid the snakes 
dispatched. In one case is a bootblack's 
outfit, a saw, hammer, pair of tongs, tin 
cnp and hat-box, all received by mail. 
Articles of wearing apparel for both sexes 
are received daily. The clerks in the 
office work hard, but find many amusin" 
things to break the monotony of routine 

The Penman's Art Journal is so in- 
spiring to lovers of the beauriful in pen- 
manship that it deserves a place in every 
school in our land.— r^i! Budget, Marvs- 
ville, Cal. 

I Most persons who are noted for writing 
illegibly will write words enough that can 
' be read, so that by taking those that go 
j before and those that come after a word 
I that is entirely obscure you can make out 
I the sense of the communication by some 
I guessing and studying. But when you 
come to a signature there are no words 
that go before or come after that will help 
you in the least, for such signature is not 
an essential part of a sentence that you 
can discover by making out the other 
words of the same sentence. If the letters 
in the signature are not made plainly 
enough to be read, and you arc not 
familiar with the writing and autograph 
of the person, you cannot make it out. 
When we receive such letters and can 
make out what the person wants aud can 
read the postmark on the envelope, we an- 
swer the letter, place it in an envelope, 
with the name of the post-office and State 
plainly written on the outside of the same 
and then paste above it the illegibly 
written name, trusting that the postmaster 
at the office where the illegible letter was 
first posted will recognize the writing and 
then understand whose name it is, and so 
deliver it to the person for whom it is in- 
tended. Sometimes the letter reaches the 
right person and sometimes it is returned 
to us. But if the people who can write 
would write their names plainly all thij and 
much more trouble than can be told would 
be avoided. 

The remedy for this is to see that every 
young man and woman at school has an 
autograph designed that is in good taste, 
easy to write — it may have strong jiersonal 
peculiarities and not be objectionable. 
T)ie initial letters may be connected so 

of interest, and its twelve successful years 
of exuerience enables it to know wIkiI ttic 
public wants. The Penman's Gazicttk 
13 now merged into The Journal, and 
the paper starts the new year with brighter 
prospects than ever before. — Bminesa Edu- 
cator, Buffalo, N. Y. 

I' tlieir tongues moved up 

Three ads. of their lessons to be "sent by 

To be '■ sent by mail " for a quarter apiece, 
Were the cause that produced a most won- 
drous tale 
Of the profits received by penmen in foes. 
For scribes gi'ow rich and save up their 

And take on an air of contentment and 

While the boys do the practicing. 

And then in their place was a terrible hush. 
For bills must be paid aud scribes must 

And new-bom lepers leak cash like a deve, 
While The Journal keeps right on im- 
proving, ' 
Lakeville, Maas. 


[ContribHtions for this Department may 
addrcasetl to B F. Kkllev. otflce of Tbb P 
UAS'6 Art Journal. Brief educational it- 

There are more than SflO Indian dialect* iu 
North America alone. 

The Universitv of Leipzig is more than four 
hundred years old. and the Oovemmeut gives 
it every year $400,000. 

Of the twenty-six biu-ons who signed the 
Magna Charta, only three could write their 

The Ehiiiro, N. Y., College is the oldest col- 
lege in the world chartered for the education 

denied admji 
ciflc, at San . 
The French Council of Hygiene has just for- 

-'■^■im the r -■ - -" - - ■ " 

3oIs, claiii 

The present senior class of Vassar College, 
umbering forty-nine, is the largest ever grad- 
ated from thr --" — "" - ' ' 
umbering sevi 
the yeai- '73-74. 

Massachusetts and Counecticut are the only 
organized States of the Union that rtquire 
educational qualifications of their voters. In 
Conneoticut they must be able to read and iu 
Massochusett^ to read and write. 

The Misses Di-exel, of Philadelphia, bear the 
whole expense of a new Indian school that is 
to be erected at White Earth Reservation, 
where three-fourths of the Indians are Cath- 
olics. The school will be brick, 85 by 76 feet, 
and four stories in height. 

The trustees of the Hartford (Conn.) Theo- 
logical Seminary have voted to open all courses 

thoroughly prepared and competent to give ; 
ligious Instruction as missionaries or teachers — 
not m a ministerial capacity. 

chance to rec< 

A Dutiful ^ ^ 

*' Tommy Traddles, you may spelTcigeirette." 

Toimu'y Traddles (somewhat ill-prepared) : 

Teacher (geography class) ; " Very good. 
Now, children, to-morrow you must all bring 
small bottles of sweet oil with you." Head 
Girl : ' ' What are they for ? " " To lubricate 

J'our jaws, my dear. We ore to begin on the 
akes of Maine." — Philadelphia liecord. 

Mamma: " Howat-d, are you going to take 
part in the tree planting at school ou Arbor 

Howard, emphatically. "No. 1 hain't; there's 
uuff switches growing round our school now." 

A Yaukee has set up a school in Paris, and 

advertises that hL' " will teach any Frenchman 

speak the only sensible language ' 

there in the hlunan body — your father's, for 
instance?" Sammie: *' One; he's the ossified 
man at the museum."— Bazoj-. 

Miss Boston: " Chicago is growing in cultui-e, 
I learn from the public prints, Miss Wabash." 

Miss Wabash: ''You're dead right. When 
it comes to cult there's no flies on us."— Epoch. 

Cadse and Efkect.— Mamma : " Why, 
Bobby, you are all over ink. (3o and look at 
yom- face in the glass." Bobby (proudly) : 
"Course I am. We've bad a writin' lesson 
again this morning."— Pic/c Me Up. 

Book Agent : " I should like t« show you our 
new cheap e<lition of the Encycloixedia Britan- 
nica," Fanner : " Mister, you needn't show 

B any cyclopedias. My boy graduated from 

duction of a little boy in Halem, N. C. : 
is bounded on the north by Winston, on tne 
south by the bridge across' the creek, on the 
east by the academy play-grounds, and on the 

Crouigthe rounds of the press— Waltzing. - 
A lack of lucre is a prolific cause of writer 

The cucumber does its best fightiug af t«r it 
8 down. — ^iiftings. 
The tree that George Washington cut was 
cherry. Now it is a chestnut,— .Vcic 

A bright little lad, sitting by his father's 


To do good pen-drawing one must be 
iible to make parallel and curved line.** weil. 
Iu the first exercise the lines are made 
with the finger movement, drawiae the 
pen from head to ba.<ie-line, and in the 
second exercise with the fore-arm move- 
ment, pushing it from base to head-line, 
with the pen held in the flourishing posi- 

These exercises are important, and unless 
the student will give them his attention 
until lie can make them well he cannot 
possibly attain to any proficiency in peu- 

The oval next claims our attention. 
Make an oblong figure with pencil and 
ruler and divide each side of it in the 
center with a dot. Now draw an oval in 

Of the ijeople who now inhabit the globe 
600 000,000 belong to the Caucasian or 
white race; .'>8y,000,000 to the Mongolian of 
vellow race; 185,000,000 to the Ethiopiau or 
black race; .5.5,000,000 to the Malayan or brown 
race : 1 1 ,000,000 only to the Indian or red race. 
Of this immense horde of t>eople, numbering 
l,440j000.000 souls, or nearly one biUion and a 
half m round numbers. iWO.000,000 profess the 
Buddhist religion; 201,000,000 are Moham- 
medans; 173,000,000 Brahmins; 301,000,000 are 
Roman Catholics; 81,000,000 belong to the 
Greek church; 106,000,000 are Protestants, 
while only 7,000,(X)0 are Jews. The chosen of 
iBrael leem to be in a small minority. 

Lawrence Daily ^. 

Ifa man spends three-qiiartei-s of an hour 
trying to unlock the front door with a button- 
hook, how much did he spend at the club 
during the evening i 

Emerson said: "If a student convinces you 
that you are wrong and he is right, acknowl- 
edge it cheerfully and- hug him," Wewillif 
he will only change the pronoun. 

Parent: "What is the difference between 
the regular and irregular Gi-eek verbs ?" 
Tommy: "You get twice as many bckings 
leammg the irregular ones." 

Smith: " Say, Jones, your wife is a gradu- 

ject of genders. "Miss Fit 

masculine in Germau ;" " So that s^e can go 

out alone nights, I suppose." 

Small Boy; "Ma, can me and Sally have 
some cake f " Parent: "Johnny, you must 
remember to speak grammatically." Small 
Boy: " All right. Can I have some cake f" 

Mrs. Harris (looking up from a letter) 

t) glad that we sent Harry to Yale. I knew 
ue would make hi.s mark. He says that he is 
already considered one of the best scholars In 

Mr. Harris: " Let me see that letter. That 
isn't scholars, it is scullers."— CAtcoffo Herald. 

El^hentaht Mathematics. — Teacher ■ 
'Tommy, what is half of eight f" Pupil: " Side^ 
ways or top/" Teacher :" What do you 
mean ?" Pupil : " Why, half from the top of 
8 is 0. and half sideways is'i."—Time. 

If a liauk cashier leaves Chici^o at 3 p. 


Our aquatic athletes 

getting the \ast 

almost any man sUde to his base. 
Even the tigt 

Nothingseenis to be too mean for some men. 
There is an old fellow in Maine who is impos- 

lay day and night. 

In Chicago.— Lawyer Quibble: "You i 
doctor i Why, you couldn't cure a ham ! " 

Dr. Sawbones: "And you, sir; you couldn't 
try a case of laid. "— Pwcfc. 

— Nebraska State Journal. 

Bashful Yoimg Man: "Ahem— Sally— ahem." 
Sally (encouragingly): "Well, George T' 
"Sally do you suppose your ma would be 
willing to be my mother-in-law !"— Boston 

I am from St. Louis," said a young man, 

Yom- awful. 
Harper's Ba: 

Some old customs still prevail. The Romans 
used to i-ecline at their banquets and the habit 
of lying at public dinners is common still. 

A Yankee mchm of three and a half yeoi-s, 
who is sojourning in Paris with his mother, 
came runnuig to her the other day, full of un- 
utterable wrath at something a Gallic play- 
mat« had said to him * ' ■ - -/ 

mamma, what is Vr« 

Binghanitoii ttepublicaji. 
Mr. Blobson:" Mydear.can vou tell me why 

Mrs. Blobson : " I shouldn't think there was a 
single point of likeness." 

.Blobson: "Well, there is. He won't 

^■"—Burlington Free Preas. 

First advertising solicitor : " What is the 
longest ad. you ever heard of ?" Second A. S. 
(promptly): "Give it up." First A. S: "Ad 
inflnitum." ITiey don't speak now.— 7'A*' Owl. 

Mr. Hibred : " ^VTmt do you suppose the 
bard refeiTcd to wbeu he wrote of Oie ■ s)ip- 
pered paalaloonr" Mi's. Slapdash: "Really 

the oblong, allowing the top. bottom and 
sides to just touch the outlines of the ob- 
long at the dots above mentioned. Cor- 
rect any little faults which the eye detects 
and then follow the pencil lines with ink. 
The dotted line at the bottom and right of 
first oval shows where we had to make a 
correction, and we call attention to it 
merely to suggest to the student the degree 
of skill he should aspire to in sketching 
oval figures, In the second we made no cor- 
rections, but inked the first line sketched. 

All the lines shown in this copy are free- 
hand work excepting the three which run 
from the box tu the dot to illustrate per- 
spective. We do not present these ovals 
OS perfect, but simply to show ordinary 
work as it should be done in lettering and 

In drawing figures having depth and 
thickness with parallel sides remember 
that all receding lines tend to a common 
point, as shown in copy of box. This 
principle must be observed in all drawing 
where distance is represented. An ex- 
haustive treatise on the subject of per- 
spective would fill a small book, but the 
student can get what will be of most 
practical value to him from careful obser- 

In the last figure we show the applica- 
tion of straight and curved lines in draw- 
ing figures. A front view is given, and 
the student may apply the rule given for 

In conclusion we would emphasize the 
importance of . learning